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Lord of the Worlds
Lord of the Worlds
Lord of the Worlds
Lord of the Worlds
Lord of the Worlds
Lord of the Worlds
Lord of the Worlds
Lord of the Worlds
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Lord of the Worlds
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Lord of the Worlds
Lord of the Worlds
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Lord of the Worlds

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  • ---- Tawheed is not uniquely defined in the Quran & Sunnah
    ----
  • ---- Ruboobiyyah necessitates Uloohiyyah, and Uloohiyyah implies Ruboobiyyah.
  • Innate nature of man to identify the oneness of Allah.  Muhsin Khan: So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah's Fitrah (i.e. Allah's Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq�illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [TafsirAt�Tabari, Vol 21, Page 41]Yusuf Ali: So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the Faith: (establish) Allah's handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind: no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.Sahih International: So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. [Adhere to] the fitrah of Allah upon which He has created [all] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know. ( ar-Ruum 30.30 )   If the child were left alone, he would worship Allah in his own way, but all children are affected by those things around them, seen or unseen.The Prophet (PBUH) reported that Allah said, "I created my servants in the right religion but devils made them go astray". The Prophet (PBUH) also said, "Each child is born in a state of "Fitrah", then his parents make him a Jew, Christian or a Zoroastrian, the way an animal gives birth to a normal offspring. Have you noticed any that were born mutilated?" (Collected by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim).   Muhsin Khan: And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord?" They said: "Yes! We testify," lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, we have been unaware of this."Yusuf Ali: When thy Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?"- They said: "Yea! We do testify!" (This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "Of this we were never mindful":Sahih International: And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we have testified." [This] – lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware."( al-A’raf 7.172 )  Unique Example of Fitra :: Australia [ will not talk about any other African or Amazonian Tribe ] It is a continent whose culture, social and religious history can be traced back to at least twenty-five thousand years. Many scholars extend it to forty thousand years or beyond. According to some researchers, however, this period could extend even to a past as remote as one hundred and thirty thousand years of unbroken, unadulterated and undisturbed growth of religion. The Wiimbaio tribe, for instance, believed that while engaged in the process of the creation of earth, God remained close at hand but having finished His work He ascended back to the loftiness of the constellations. Similarly, the Wotjobaluk tribe believed Bunjil to be a Supreme Being, who once lived on the earth as a great man but eventually ascended to the sky. The sociologists, when referring to these beliefs, very often forget to inform the reader that these and all the other five hundred or more tribes, did believe in the eternity of the Creator; whether He took human form or not is only incidental and not central to the issue. Again, what is central to their belief is the fact that the earth and whatever it contained did not eternally coexist with the Supreme Creator. 
  • Innate nature of man to identify the oneness of Allah.  Muhsin Khan: So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah's Fitrah (i.e. Allah's Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq�illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [TafsirAt�Tabari, Vol 21, Page 41]Yusuf Ali: So set thou thy face steadily and truly to the Faith: (establish) Allah's handiwork according to the pattern on which He has made mankind: no change (let there be) in the work (wrought) by Allah: that is the standard Religion: but most among mankind understand not.Sahih International: So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. [Adhere to] the fitrah of Allah upon which He has created [all] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know. ( ar-Ruum 30.30 )   If the child were left alone, he would worship Allah in his own way, but all children are affected by those things around them, seen or unseen.The Prophet (PBUH) reported that Allah said, "I created my servants in the right religion but devils made them go astray". The Prophet (PBUH) also said, "Each child is born in a state of "Fitrah", then his parents make him a Jew, Christian or a Zoroastrian, the way an animal gives birth to a normal offspring. Have you noticed any that were born mutilated?" (Collected by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim).   Muhsin Khan: And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord?" They said: "Yes! We testify," lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, we have been unaware of this."Yusuf Ali: When thy Lord drew forth from the Children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants, and made them testify concerning themselves, (saying): "Am I not your Lord (who cherishes and sustains you)?"- They said: "Yea! We do testify!" (This), lest ye should say on the Day of Judgment: "Of this we were never mindful":Sahih International: And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we have testified." [This] – lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware."( al-A’raf 7.172 )  Unique Example of Fitra :: Australia [ will not talk about any other African or Amazonian Tribe ] It is a continent whose culture, social and religious history can be traced back to at least twenty-five thousand years. Many scholars extend it to forty thousand years or beyond. According to some researchers, however, this period could extend even to a past as remote as one hundred and thirty thousand years of unbroken, unadulterated and undisturbed growth of religion. The Wiimbaio tribe, for instance, believed that while engaged in the process of the creation of earth, God remained close at hand but having finished His work He ascended back to the loftiness of the constellations. Similarly, the Wotjobaluk tribe believed Bunjil to be a Supreme Being, who once lived on the earth as a great man but eventually ascended to the sky. The sociologists, when referring to these beliefs, very often forget to inform the reader that these and all the other five hundred or more tribes, did believe in the eternity of the Creator; whether He took human form or not is only incidental and not central to the issue. Again, what is central to their belief is the fact that the earth and whatever it contained did not eternally coexist with the Supreme Creator. 
  • “There is none like Him. (Ash-shura 42:11)“He is first and the last. (al-Hadeed 57:3)If He is not temporal, then He must be eternalEternal without beginning or end“He begets not, nor is He begotten” (Al-Akhlas 112:3)If He is eternal without any cause, then He must not be begotten and by corollary He would not beget.“Allah – There is no God deserving of worship but He, the ever-living, the self-sufficient [and] omnipotent” (al-Baqarah 2:255) If He is not temporal, and is eternal without cause, then nothing causes Him to exist or cease to exist, and nothing can cause Him to exist or prevent Him from existing; so He must be self-sufficient“Verily your Lord does what He wills” (Huud 11:107)“God is alive” (al-Baqarah 2:255)“The Knower of the unseen and seen” (al-An’aam 6:73)
  • Ontological Proof The argument examines the concept of God and argues that if we can conceive of God he must existFLAW :: Since we can conceive Avatar movie, it exists. Cosmological ProofEverything that exists has a cause of its existenceThe universe existsThe universe has a cause of it existence, therefore God exist being the causeDomino Affect :: God moved the first dominoFLAW :: God now has no control of the domino affect Teleological Proofthe world is too complex, orderly, adaptive, apparently purposeful or beautiful to have occurred randomly or accidently.Therefore, the world must have been created by a sentient, intelligent, wise or purposeful beingGod is a sentient, intelligent, wise or purposeful beingTherefore, God exists.
  • Ontological Proof The argument examines the concept of God and argues that if we can conceive of God he must existFLAW :: Since we can conceive Avatar movie, it exists. Cosmological ProofEverything that exists has a cause of its existenceThe universe existsThe universe has a cause of it existence, therefore God exist being the causeDomino Affect :: God moved the first dominoFLAW :: God now has no control of the domino affect Teleological Proofthe world is too complex, orderly, adaptive, apparently purposeful or beautiful to have occurred randomly or accidently.Therefore, the world must have been created by a sentient, intelligent, wise or purposeful beingGod is a sentient, intelligent, wise or purposeful beingTherefore, God exists.
  • All religions claim that God is an all-powerful entity. So it is possible that God can create something so heavy that He cannot lift it ?Is it possible for God to create a circle with four sides ? Or an object that’s exists and doesn’t exist at the same time ?The Theory of Evolution proves that we are descendants of other beings. Science explains everything – there is no need to believe in supernatural God. It is historically clear that religions have been tools used by the powers-that-be to control the masses. Religion is the single most-important cause of social upheaval, wars and death. Is it possible that a true religion would allow this ?It is not possible for an All-Merciful God to allow such suffering as we see in the world today. People dying of hunger and starvation, natural disasters destroying hundreds and millions of lives, unnecessary diseases, plagues and wars, and the list goes on. The existence of evil clearly proves that an All-Powerful, All-Merciful God cannot exist.God is unnecessary to our life; hence, He does not existWhich God, when there are more than 500 Gods ? Hence, he does not exist.There is no proof for the existence if God, hence He does not existIf everything is created, then who created God?Do you exist ? Does God Exist ?
  • Uloohiyyah Rubuubiyah alone is not sufficientIf a Muslim says I believe in Allah and that’s it, then that person is as equal to Shaytan (Iblis)Shaytan, even after believing Allah, He called him Kafer.To be a Muslim, he/she must also believe in Allah’s Uloohiyyah   Al-Hashr 059.016 Muhsin Khan: (Their allies deceived them) like Shaitan (Satan), when he says to man: "Disbelieve in Allah." But when (man) disbelieves in Allah, Shaitan (Satan) says: "I am free of you, I fear Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!"Yusuf Ali: (Their allies deceived them), like the Evil One, when he says to man, "Deny Allah": but when (man) denies Allah, (the Evil One) says, "I am free of thee: I do fear Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!"Sahih International: [The hypocrites are] like the example of Satan when he says to man, "Disbelieve." But when he disbelieves, he says, "Indeed, I am disassociated from you. Indeed, I fear Allah, Lord of the worlds." Al-Hashr 059.017 Muhsin Khan: So the end of both will be that they will be in the Fire, abiding therein. Such is the recompense of the Zalimun (i.e. polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers in Allah and in His Oneness, etc.).Yusuf Ali: The end of both will be that they will go into the Fire, dwelling therein for ever. Such is the reward of the wrong-doers.Sahih International: So the outcome for both of them is that they will be in the Fire, abiding eternally therein. And that is the recompense of the wrong-doers.   Similarly, Prostration is only one act of Tawheed, which is Uloohiyyah. It is only with Doa that it becomes complete.More than 500 verses in Quran, speaking against doing Doa to other than Allah.
  •  Al-Hashr 059.016 Muhsin Khan: (Their allies deceived them) like Shaitan (Satan), when he says to man: "Disbelieve in Allah." But when (man) disbelieves in Allah, Shaitan (Satan) says: "I am free of you, I fear Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!"Yusuf Ali: (Their allies deceived them), like the Evil One, when he says to man, "Deny Allah": but when (man) denies Allah, (the Evil One) says, "I am free of thee: I do fear Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!"Sahih International: [The hypocrites are] like the example of Satan when he says to man, "Disbelieve." But when he disbelieves, he says, "Indeed, I am disassociated from you. Indeed, I fear Allah, Lord of the worlds." Al-Hashr 059.017 Muhsin Khan: So the end of both will be that they will be in the Fire, abiding therein. Such is the recompense of the Zalimun (i.e. polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers in Allah and in His Oneness, etc.).Yusuf Ali: The end of both will be that they will go into the Fire, dwelling therein for ever. Such is the reward of the wrong-doers.Sahih International: So the outcome for both of them is that they will be in the Fire, abiding eternally therein. And that is the recompense of the wrong-doers.   Similarly, Prostration is only one act of Tawheed, which is Uloohiyyah. It is only with Doa that it becomes complete.More than 500 verses in Quran, speaking against doing Doa to other than Allah.
  • Knowledge :: which negates ignoranceCertainity :: which negates doubtAcceptance of it :: which negates rejection or denialSubmission to it :: which negates disobedienceSincerity and purity of intent :: which negates shirkTruthfulness :: which negates hypocrisyLove and devotion to shirk and its people includes disassociation from and contempt of Allah’s religion and His people, and vice versa.
  • Concept of Ibaadah in IslamAs per Ibn-Taymiyyah (R:) “A comprehensive term, encompassing all apparent and hidden acts and statements that are beloved by Allah” Types of Actions Ibadaah :: All religious actionQurbah :: natural action with intention. I,e, sleeping with the intent to pray TahajjudMu-aamalah :: Natural action, eating, bathing. Example :: Walking to the Mosque from home and coming back from Mosque to home
  • Worship  :: Revolves around Love, Fear and Hope. Bird example  LoveLove of the DevineSole right to AllahLove for the sake of the DevineLove for Rasul for the Sake of AllahNatural LoveAs long this does not interfere with the higher levels of love, it is ok. FearFear of DevineSole right to AllahNatural FearIf this interferes with higher level of fear then this is disbeliefTo fear dog is natural fearTo fear Jinn/Shaytan can/will lead to disbelief HopeHope that good deeds will be acceptedHope that sins will be forgivenHope of wordly good. This should be in Allah, but if you fall short of that then it is a minor shirk 
  • Shirk Opposite of Tawheed is ShirkNegation of elements of Tawheed is ShirkShirk in essence means, giving Allah’s rights to other than He.
  • Surah Nuh :: 071.023 Sahih International: And said, 'Never leave your gods and never leave Wadd or Suwa‘ or Yaghūth and Ya‘ūq and Nasr.
  • Allah will never forgive Shirkan-Nisa 004.116 Muhsin Khan: Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. Yusuf Ali: Allah forgiveth not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, Hath strayed far, far away (from the right). Sahih International: Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly gone far astray.
  • Permanent AbodeShirk prohibits a person from entering Paradise Al Mai’dah 005.072 Muhsin Khan: Surely, they have disbelieved who say: "Allah is the Messiah ['Iesa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary)." But the Messiah ['Iesa (Jesus)] said: "O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong�doers) there are no helpers.Yusuf Ali: They do blaspheme who say: "Allah is Christ the son of Mary." But said Christ: "O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.Sahih International: They have certainly disbelieved who say, "Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary" while the Messiah has said, "O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Indeed, he who associates others with Allah – Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.
  • Destroyer of good deedsShirk destroys all of a person’s good deeds.Takes out the person from the fold of IslamNullifies marriageStrips off the right of inheritanceStrips off all Islamic rightsEven a prophet would have suffered the same consequence Az-Zumar 039.065 Muhsin Khan: And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad SAW), as it was to those (Allah's Messengers) before you: "If you join others in worship with Allah, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers."Yusuf Ali: But it has already been revealed to thee,- as it was to those before thee,- "If thou wert to join (gods with Allah), truly fruitless will be thy work (in life), and thou wilt surely be in the ranks of those who lose (all spiritual good)".Sahih International: And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allah, your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers." 
  • Prevents others from seeking forgiveness for the personIf a person dies in a state shirk, it is prohibited for Muslims not to seek forgiveness for himProphet (saw) said to his uncle at the time of his passing away, “ O my Uncle! Say one phrase by which I will argue your case in front of Allah”  At-Taubah 009.113 Sahih International: It is not for the Prophet and those who have believed to ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even if they were relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of Hellfire.At-Taubah 009.114 Sahih International: And the request of forgiveness of Abraham for his father was only because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became apparent to Abraham that his father was an enemy to Allah, he disassociated himself from him. Indeed was Abraham compassionate and patient.At-Taubah 009.115 Sahih International: And Allah would not let a people stray after He has guided them until He makes clear to them what they should avoid. Indeed, Allah is Knowing of all things. 
  • Shirk Opposite of Tawheed is ShirkNegation of elements of Tawheed is ShirkShirk in essence means, giving Allah’s rights to other than He.
  • Major ShirkMinor ShirkBidahMinor SinMakruh :: Disliked but when done not sinPermissible or Halal
  • Ruboobiyyah :: Major ShirkWuloohiyyah :: Major + Minor Shirk Minor Shirk in Worship :: Riya :: Show off in prayerMinor Shirk in Tongue :: Only can swear by Allah but not extremeMinor Shirk of Limbs :: Amulets, charms.
  • Manifestation of Ibadaah DuaDua constitutes all 3 parts of TawheedShirk in Dua is more worse than Shirk in Prostration Isti’azaahSeek Refuge to AllahExclusively to Allah Isti’naah :: Seeking help Two TypesSupernaturalOnly Allah can do so and beyond human beings powerNaturalThis is acceptable as long we do not make it exclusiveExample :: Shane helped me. It is was not for Shane I would not have survived. TawakkulAction of HeartPutting one’s trust in AllahPerfection of this means is to cut off hope of any good from any created onject. SabrThree types of Sabr :: From highest to lowest Sabr in Constant Action of WorshipSabr in RestrainingFrom SinSabr in ResponseTo situations 
  • Manifestation of Ibadaah  VowingConditional promise in the name of Allah :: Discouraged SacrificeEidulAdha TawafHajj acts ProstrationTwo TypesSajda of RespectAngels prostrated to AdamYacob (as) prostrated to Yusuf (as)Prophet prohibited this. Explain ! Sajdah of WorshipThis is exclusive to Allah. 
  • •Are there „Saints‟ in Islam?•Origins of Shirk•Description of the Prophet Muhammad•Grave Worship & Mausoleums•How about visiting graves?Origins of Shirk ::  Begins with showing rightful respect to ordinary people and gradually through generations it converts to undue worshipping. Surah Nuh :: 071.023 Sahih International: And said, 'Never leave your gods and never leave Wadd or Suwa‘ or Yaghūth and Ya‘ūq and Nasr. Things to Consider Prophet has no ability to answer DuaSurah Al Araf 7 :: 187 – 188007.187Sahih International: They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the Hour: when is its arrival? Say, "Its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him. It lays heavily upon the heavens and the earth. It will not come upon you except unexpectedly." They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, "Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know."007.188Sahih International: Say, "I hold not for myself [the power of] benefit or harm, except what Allah has willed. And if I knew the unseen, I could have acquired much wealth, and no harm would have touched me. I am not except a warner and a bringer of good tidings to a people who believe."     Incident of Abu TalibSurah Al-Qasas 28 : 56007.056Sahih International: And cause not corruption upon the earth after its reformation. And invoke Him in fear and aspiration. Indeed, the mercy of Allah is near to the doers of good.Battle of Uhud and Prophets injuryThe Prophet (saw) was wounded on his forehead; a javelin hit his cheek; and Talha blocked a blow of a sword: however, the deflected blow pushed the face plate of his armor into his cheek. So he was wounded in three different ways. At the time, while wiping the blood off the face, the Prophet (saw) said : “How can Allah forgive a people who do this to their Prophet (saw) ?” At this point Allah revealed the following vers.Surah Al-Imran 3 : 128003.128Sahih International: Not for you, [O Muhammad, but for Allah], is the decision whether He should [cut them down] or forgive them or punish them, for indeed, they are wrongdoers.  Remember that the three main leaders of the enemy were Khalid ibnWaleed (on the right flank), IkrimahibnAbi-Jahal (on the left flank) and Abu Sufyan (overall commander). Each one of these three eventually died as a Companion in the best of ways.  Grave worship  SahihBukhari :: Volume 1, Book 8, Number 419: Narrated 'Aisha: Um Habiba and Um Salama mentioned about a church they had seen in Ethiopia in which there were pictures. They told the Prophet about it, on which he said, "If any religious man dies amongst those people they would build a place of worship at his grave and make these pictures in it. They will be the worst creature in the sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection."  SahihBukhari :: Volume 1, Book 8, Number 426: Narrated 'Aisha: Um Salama told Allah's Apostle about a church which she had seen in Ethiopia and which was called Mariya. She told him about the pictures which she had seen in it. Allah's Apostle said, "If any righteous pious man dies amongst them, they would build a place of worship at his grave and make these pictures in it; they are the worst creatures in the sight of Allah."  SahihBukhari :: Volume 1, Book 8, Number 427: Narrated 'Aisha and 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas: When the last moment of the life of Allah's Apostle came he started putting his 'Khamisa' on his face and when he felt hot and short of breath he took it off his face and said, "May Allah curse the Jews and Christians for they built the places of worship at the graves of their Prophets." The Prophet was warning (Muslims) of what those had done.  SahihBukhari :: Volume 1, Book 8, Number 428: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah's curse be on the Jews for they built the places of worship at the graves of their Prophets." About the Madina MosqueReluctantly prayHeaven between the Grave and the Meembar
  • Shafaah (intercession)Worldly ShafaahSurah An-Nisa 4 : 85Some intercedes for you when you apply for a jobSpiritualSurah az-Zumar 39 :: 44Allah must give permission to Intercede
  • Surah Saba 34, Ayat 23Sahih International: And intercession does not benefit with Him except for one whom He permits. [And those wait] until, when terror is removed from their hearts, they will say [to one another], "What has your Lord said?" They will say, "The truth." And He is the Most High, the Grand.Surah Taha 20, Ayat 109Sahih International: That Day, no intercession will benefit except [that of] one to whom the Most Merciful has given permission and has accepted his word.Surah Zukhraf 43, Ayat 86Sahih International: And those they invoke besides Him do not possess [power of] intercession; but only those who testify to the truth [can benefit], and they know.Surah al-Anbiya 21, Ayat 27Sahih International: They cannot precede Him in word, and they act by His command.
  • General for All it raises their rank in Paradisethey are saved from the fire of the hell before entering itsome will be removed from the fire after having entered it, before their time is completed. People from hellfire will ask the people entering Jannah to ask Allah to forgive them. Specific to the Prophet Intercession to start the Reckoning on the DayIntercession on behalf of his entire Ummah to enter ParadiseIntercession to open the gates of Paradise  Is asking for another being’s spiritual intercession in this world considered Shirk ? to ask living person to make dua for you is permissible, provided that it is with belief that Allah is the One Who answers.To ask the dead person at his/her grave to make dua could beShirk :: if you believe that the person you are calling in the grave has the right / obligation that Allah will give him intercession, then this is shirkBida’h :: if you believe that the dead in the grave can hear you in a similar fashion to when he was alive, this is bida’h and a stepping stone to shirk (as was the opinion of Sheikh Ibn-Taymiyyah))If you call out to the dead person from afar while knowing Allah is the one who answers, this is still shirk.
  • TawassulMeans it is that act which brings you closer to another object.  Types of Tawassul Using Allah’s NamesSurah Al-Araf 7 :: 180 Muhsin Khan: And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.Yusuf Ali: The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so call on him by them; but shun such men as use profanity in his names: for what they do, they will soon be requited.Sahih International: And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them. And leave [the company of] those who practice deviation concerning His names. They will be recompensed for what they have been doing.Using ones stateUsing Good deeds as reasonSurah Al-Imran 3 :: 16Muhsin Khan: Those who say: "Our Lord! We have indeed believed, so forgive us our sins and save us from the punishment of the Fire." Yusuf Ali: (Namely), those who say: "Our Lord! we have indeed believed: forgive us, then, our sins, and save us from the agony of the Fire;"- Sahih International: Those who say, "Our Lord, indeed we have believed, so forgive us our sins and protect us from the punishment of the Fire,"Using a Righteous Living PersonSahihBukhari Volume 2, Book 17, Number 123: Narrated Anas: Whenever drought threatened them, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, used to ask Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib to invoke Allah for rain. He used to say, "O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allah ! Bless us with rain."(1) And so it would rain.
  • The Prophet (saw) forbade the building of mosques over gravesHe forbade burial of the dead inside the mosquesHe forbade the worship of Allah at places where shirk occurs or has occurredHe forbade the worship of Allah at times when shirk occursHe forbade exaggeration in generalHe forbade Muslims to praise him excessively He forbade his Companions to stand up in his presenceHe forbade image makingHe forbade undertaking a religious journey except to the thre places that Islam has made sacred but with intention of Allah and no one else. Not even the Prophet.He forbade the Muslims to imitate the disbelieversHe commanded that all raised graves be leveledHe reminded Muslims of the true purpose of visiting graveyards and gravesHe forbade certain phrases that lead to shirk.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Major Shirk Minor Shirk Bidah Minor Sin Makruh :: Disliked but when done not sin Permissible or Halal
    • 2. Ruboobiyyah  Major Shirk Uloohiyyah  Major + Minor Shirk Minor Shirk in Worship  Riya Minor Shirk in Tongue Minor Shirk of Limbs  Amulets, charms
    • 3. Dua Dua constitutes all 3 parts of Tawheed Shirk in Dua is more worse than Shirk in Prostration Isti’azaah Seek exclusive refuge in Allah Isti’naah Supernatural Natural Tawakkul Action of the Heart Putting one’s full trust in Allah Sabr 3 types of Sabr Sabr is Constant Action of Worship Sabr in Restraining from Sin Sabr in Response to situations
    • 4. Vowing Conditional promise in the name of Allah :: Discouraged Sacrifice Eid – ul - Adha Tawaf Hajj Prostration 2 types Sajda of Respect Angels prostrated to Adam Yacob (as) prostrated to Yusuf (as) Sajda of Worship
    • 5. As per the advice of Shaykh Ahmad, Mutafa had asked the people who visited the Mausoleum of the Hazrat why they would come to the grave. The first category of respondents has already been mentioned. The second category of people claimed that they were only asking the Hazrat to ask Allah ta‟ala for what they wanted. They were not making dua‟ to the Hazrat but merely making tawassul through him. They fully acknowledged that dua‟ could only be done to Allah, but just like a King is approached through his ministers, similarly Allah may only be approached through the pious saints. Some of these people would ask the Hazrat to ask Allah. As one of them said, “We only go to the Hazrat‟s grave since he can hear us in it, and then we ask him to make dua‟ on our behalfs, just like we would to do any living saint.” So they said they were using the Hazrat as an intercessor. Others amongst them asked Allah using the status of the Hazrat, for example by saying, “O Allah! In the name of the Hazrat, please forgive our sins!” The third category claimed that they were making dua‟ to Allah directly, but they wanted the barakah of the grave of the Hazrat. Thus, since they were in such a holy location, their dua‟s (or so they claimed) would have a higher chance of being accepted. Hence, many of them travelled from far and wide in order to visit this „blessed‟ grave, and make dua‟ to Allah to grant them their needs. Many amongst them would also read „Faatiha‟ for the Hazrat.

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