Jinn in Islam
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Jinn in Islam

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- Brief discussion on Jinn or Devil or Demon or Satan in Islam

- Brief discussion on Jinn or Devil or Demon or Satan in Islam
- How a believer can protect self from possession
- How to do Rukiyah or exorcism in Islam

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Jinn in Islam Jinn in Islam Presentation Transcript

  •  RuhSurah Al-Isra, Verse 85 :: And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul. Say, "The soul is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a little." AqlThis is the intellect & rationale BadanSurah al-Araf, Verse 12 :: [Allah] said, "What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?" [Satan] said, "I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay."
  • Sahih Muslim Book 001, Number 0001:One day we were sitting in the company of Allahs Apostle (peace be upon him) when there appeared beforeus a man dressed in pure white clothes, his hair extraordinarily black. There were no signs of travelon him. None amongst us recognized him.At last he sat with the Apostle (peace be upon him) He knelt before him placed his palms on his thighsand said: Muhammad, inform me about al-Islam. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Al-Islam implies that you testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and you Performed by Badan establish prayer, pay Zakat, observe the fast of Ramadan, and perform pilgrimage to the (House) if you are solvent enough (to bear the expense of) the journey. He (the inquirer) said: You have told the truth. He (Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: It amazed us that he would put the question and then he would himself verify the truth. He (the inquirer) said: Inform me about Iman (faith). He (the Holy Prophet) replied: That you affirm your faith in Allah, in His angels, in His Performed by Intellect Books, in His Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, and you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about good and evil. He (the inquirer) said: You have told the truth. He (the inquirer) again said: Inform me about al-Ihsan (performance of good Performed by Soul deeds). He (the Holy Prophet) said: That you worship Allah as if you are seeing Him, for though you dont see Him, He, verily, sees you.
  • Statement :: Tawheed of Belief Statement of the Heart Statement of the TongueAction :: Tawheed of Action Heart Emotion Tongue Read Quran Dawah Zikr Limbs Salah
  •  Obligatory  Denying is considered Kufr by consensus of the scholars. o Sahih International: Say, [O Muhammad], "It has been revealed to me that a group of the jinn listened and said, Indeed, we have heard an amazing Qur’an. [ Surah al-Jin 72, Ayat 1 ] Linguistic Definition of Jinn  Sahih International: O children of Adam, let not Satan tempt you as he removed your parents from Paradise, stripping them of their clothing to show them their private parts. Indeed, he sees you, he and his tribe, from where you do not see them. Indeed, We have made the devils allies to those who do not believe. [ Surah al-A’raf 7, Ayat 27 ]
  •  Technical Definition  They are accountable beings with free will. Allah created them from fire and they are invisible to humans. They have special abilities, unlike those of humans. o Muhsin Khan: And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire. [ Surah al-Hijr 15, Ayat 27 ] o Sahih International: And He created the jinn from a smokeless flame of fire. [ Surah ar-Rahman 55, Ayat 15 ] Are Jinns Visible to Human ?  Muhsin Khan: O Children of Adam! Let not Shaitan (Satan) deceive you, as he got your parents [Adam and Hawwa (Eve)] out of Paradise, stripping them of their raiments, to show them their private parts. Verily, he and Qabiluhu (his soldiers from the jinns or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see them. Verily, We made the Shayatin (devils) Auliya (protectors and helpers) for those who believe not. [ Surah al-A’raf 7, Ayat 27 ]
  •  Sahih International: And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me. [ Surah ad-Dhariyat 51, Ayat 56 ] Sahih International: "O company of jinn and mankind, did there not come to you messengers from among you, relating to you My verses and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?" They will say, "We bear witness against ourselves"; and the worldly life had deluded them, and they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers. [ Surah al-An’am 6, Ayat 130 ]
  • He is Iblees, the Great Taaghoot, and the Enemy of MankindHe is one of the Jinn  Surah al-Kahf 18, Ayat 50 o Muhsin Khan: And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you? What an evil is the exchange for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc). o Sahih International: And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange.
  • Is Iblees “the father” of all Jinn ?  This is more so the opinion of the scholars but not defined / mentioned / clarified by the Prophet (saw).  Surah al-Kahf 18, Ayat 50 o Muhsin Khan: And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." So they prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you? What an evil is the exchange for the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc). o Sahih International: And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange.
  • Sheikh Ibn Taymiah mentions that Iblees is the father of all jinn.He was given the shape of an angel due to his excellent worship to Allah SWT. When he disbelieved he was changed back to his original or worsened shape, no more like an angel.He has horns, and his face looks like an ugly fruit from the bottom of the hellfire. Describing the tree in hellfire, Allah SWT says  Verily, it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hell- fire, The shoots of its fruit-stalks are like the heads of Shayatin (devils) [ Surah As-Saffat 37, Ayat 64-65 ]
  •  Struggling with ash-Shaytan and his allies is a manifestation of completing one’s servitude to Allah Fearing sin A lesson A test A manifestation of Allah’s complete power Approaching the opposite Trial is a path to gratitude Many more acts of worship made possible The appearance of many of Allah’s signs and miracles Creation from fire is a sign in itself Manifestation of Allah’s Names & Attributes Demonstrating Allah’s Complete Control & Ownership Manifestation of Allah’s complete Wisdom Praising Allah for suppressing the Shaytan Showing His Patience & Mercy
  •  ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood narrated: The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) said: “There is no one among you but a companion from among the jinn has been assigned to him.” They said, “Even you, O Messenger of Allaah?’ He said, “Even me, but Allaah helped me with him and he became Muslim (or: and I am safe from him), so he only enjoins me to do that which is good.” [ Muslim ] According to another report, “… There is assigned to him a companion from among the jinn and a companion from among the angels.” [Saheeh Muslim ] And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. this Quran and worship of Allah), We appoint for him Shaitan (Satan devil) to be a Qarin (an intimate companion) to him. [ Surah Az-Zukhruf 43, Ayat 36] Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever sees me in a dream will see me in his wakefulness, and Satan cannot imitate me in shape." Abu Abdullah said, "Ibn Sirin said, Only if he sees the Prophet in his (real) shape." [ Saheeh al-Bukhari ]
  •  Sahih International: Indeed, Satan is an enemy to you; so take him as an enemy. He only invites his party to be among the companions of the Blaze. [ Surah Fatir 35, Ayat 6 ] Sahih International: [Iblees] said, "Do You see this one whom You have honored above me? If You delay me until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely destroy his descendants, except for a few." [Allah] said, "Go, for whoever of them follows you, indeed Hell will be the recompense of you – an ample recompense. And incite [to senselessness] whoever you can among them with your voice and assault them with your horses and foot soldiers and become a partner in their wealth and their children and promise them." But Satan does not promise them except delusion. [ Surah al-Isra 17, Ayat 62 - 64 ] Sahih International: [Satan] said, "Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path. Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You]." [ Surah al-Araf 7, Ayat 16 - 17 ]
  •  Husband & Wife Parents & Children Hoax :: Actions that are worthless and yet appears fantastic False promise Makes wrong look right Create interesting arguments Haram seen as Halal Sibling rivalry Anger Constant seeking of pleasure  Prophet (saw) said that it will to the extent that we will forget to cry Secrecy SuspicionNOTE :: Shaytan nourishes the weakness in us to the point it overwhelms our common sense.
  •  Jinn :: Good & Evil  Sahih International: And among us are the righteous, and among us are [others] not so; we were [of] divided ways. [ Surah al-Jinn 72, Ayat 11 ]  Sahih International: And among us are Muslims [in submission to Allah], and among us are the unjust. And whoever has become Muslim – those have sought out the right course. But as for the unjust, they will be, for Hell, firewood. [ Surah al-Jinn 72, Ayat 14 - 15 ] Life of the Jin  Narrated: Abdullah bin Umar :: Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Abu Bakr ibn Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn Umar from Abdullah ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When you eat, eat with your right hand and drink with your right hand. shaytan eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand." [ Imam Maliks Muwatta ]  Ibn Mas`ud reports that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) says: “There came to me an inviter on behalf of the Jinn and I went along with him and recited to them the Qur’an.” He (the narrator) said: The Prophet then went along with us and showed us their traces and traces of their embers. The Jinn asked the Prophet about their provision and he said: “Every bone on which the name of Allah is recited is your provision. The time it will fall in your hand it would be covered with flesh, and (you can have) all the droppings as food for your animals.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “So do not use (these things) for cleaning yourselves (after relieving oneself), for they are the food and provision of your brothers (Jinn).” [ Muslim ]
  •  Jinn & Marriage  Sahih International: In them are women limiting [their] glances, untouched before them by man or jinnī – [ Surah ar-Rahman 55, Ayat 56 ]  Sahih International: And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange. [ Surah al-Kahf 18, Ayat 50 ]
  •  Jinn & Marriage  Can Humans & Jinn Inter-Marry ? o Contradictory Opinions  Ibn Taymiyyah says that it is well know that men and Jinn can intermarry and have children. Al-Imam as-Suyootee also mentions many stories.  Al-Imam Malik and other Muslim jurists accepted the possibility of a human make marrying a female of the Jin, but rejected the opposite. Other jurists rejected the possibility of either. o Clear Proof  Sahih International: And Allah has made for you from yourselves mates and has made for you from your mates sons and grandchildren and has provided for you from the good things. Then in falsehood do they believe and in the favor of Allah they disbelieve? [ Surah an-Nahl 16, Ayat 72 ]  Sahih International: And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought. [ Surah ar-Rum 30, Ayat 21 ]
  •  Dwelling Places of Jinn  Jinn share the earth with us  Throne of Iblees is at sea  They mostly live in impure places  The Shayateen mostly gather in markets and trail of camels  They spread at the time of sunset and often sit between shade & light  The Shayateen will not enter a house where the name of Allah was mentioned upon entering.  They run away from homes where Surah al-Baqarah is recited, where Allah’s Name is often mentioned  When they hear the adhan they run away  In Ramadan, the Shayateen are chained
  •  Jinns Die  Sahih International: Everyone upon the earth will perish, [ Surah ar-Rahman 55, Ayat 26 ]  Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: The Prophet used to say, “I seek refuge (with YOU) by Your ‘Izzat, None has the right to be worshipped but You Who does not die while the jinns and the human beings die.” [ Bukhari ] Food of Jinn  Sahih International: And incite [to senselessness] whoever you can among them with your voice and assault them with your horses and foot soldiers and become a partner in their wealth and their children and promise them." But Satan does not promise them except delusion. [ Surah al-Isra 17, Ayat 64 ]  It is recorded from Ibn Masud that a messenger from the jinn came to the Prophet (SAW) and he went with them. The Prophet (SAW) read to them some verses. The Prophet (SAW) showed the people the remains of their embers. They asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) about their provisions and he told them, .Every bone on which the name of Allah has been mentioned will have meat on it for you. And the dung are fodder for your animals.. [ Saheeh al-Muslim ]
  •  Weakness of Jinn  No power over Righteous Muslim o Sahih International: Indeed, over My [believing] servants there is for you no authority. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs. [ Surah al-Isra 17, Ayat 65 ] o Sahih International: And he had over them no authority except [it was decreed] that We might make evident who believes in the Hereafter from who is thereof in doubt. And your Lord, over all things, is Guardian. [ Surah Saba 34, Ayat 21 ]  Limited Power o Sahih International: And the devils have not brought the revelation down. It is not allowable for them, nor would they be able. Indeed they, from [its] hearing, are removed. [ Surah Ash-Shuara 26, Ayat 210 - 212 ] o Sahih International: Say, "If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants." [ Surah al-Isra 17, Ayat 88 ] o Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever sees me in a dream will see me in his wakefulness, and Satan cannot imitate me in shape." Abu Abdullah said, "Ibn Sirin said, Only if he sees the Prophet in his (real) shape." [ Saheeh al-Bukhari ]
  •  Weakness of Jinn  Limited to this Universe o Sahih International: So which of the favors of your Lord would you deny ? We will attend to you, O prominent beings. So which of the favors of your Lord would you deny ? O company of jinn and mankind, if you are able to pass beyond the regions of the heavens and the earth, then pass. You will not pass except by authority [from Allah]. So which of the favors of your Lord would you deny ? There will be sent upon you a flame of fire and smoke, and you will not defend yourselves. [ Surah ar-Rahman 55, Ayat 33 - 35 ] o Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah: The Prophet said, “Cover your utensils and tie your water skins, and close your doors and keep your children close to you at night, as the jinns spread out at such time and snatch things away. When you go to bed, put out your lights, for the mischief-doer (i.e. the rat) may drag away the wick of the candle and burn the dwellers of the house.” Ata said, “The devils.” (instead of the jinns). [ Bukhari ] o Hadith - Muwatta, 49.21 :: ...Shaytan does not open a locked door or untie a tied knot, or uncover a vessel.
  •  Whispers  Bukhari and Muslim report that once when the Prophet was in seclusion (Itikaf) in the mosque, his wife Safiyyah went to see him. When she left, the Prophet accompanied her to his house. On the way he met two Companions from Ansar who were passing by. They sped up their pace when they saw him. He called them and said, "This is my wife Safiyyah bint Huyai. They said, "Subhan Allah! O Messenger of Allah, why are you saying this?" The Prophet said, "Satan flows inside man like blood. I feared, may be he put bad thoughts about me in your minds.“ Speed  Sahih International: A powerful one from among the jinn said, “I will bring it to you before you rise from your place, and indeed, I am for this *task+ strong and trustworthy.” Said one who had knowledge from the Scripture, “I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.” And when *Solomon+ saw it placed before him, he said, “This is from the favor of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful – his gratitude is only for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever is ungrateful – then indeed, my Lord is Free of need and Generous.” [ Surah an-Naml 27, Ayat 39 - 40 ]  Sahih International: And we have sought [to reach] the heaven but found it filled with powerful guards and burning flames. And we used to sit therein in positions for hearing, but whoever listens now will find a burning flame lying in wait for him. [ Surah al-Jinn 72, Ayat 8 - 9 ]
  •  Transformation They cannot transform in front of us Jinn can transform into the shape of humans and animals, especially those which are black o Abu Tha’labah al-Khushani said: “The Messenger of Allaah said: ‘The jinn are of three types: a types that has wings, and they fly through the air; a type that looks like snakes and dogs; and a type that stops for a rest then resumes its journey.” [ Shaykh al-Albaani said in al-Mishkaat (2/1206, no. 4148): al-Tahhaawi and Abu’l-Shaykh reported it with a saheeh isnaad ] Jinn often enter houses in the shape of snakes. o Three types of snakes that the jinn won’t take form are rattle snake, cobra, and a bald snake.  Prophet (saw) made an exception regarding the bald snake with two spots above its eyes. This type of snake should be killed immediately. [ Bukhari ] o A Muslim should follow the following etiquettes ::  Do not rush to kill a snake that is found in your home  Command the snake to leave the house  After three, it can be killed  Hadith - Sunan of Abu Dawood, Narrated Abu Said al-Khudri :: Muhammad ibn AbuYahya said that his father told that he and his companion went to AbuSaid al- Khudri to pay a sick visit to him. He said: Then we came out from him and met a companion of ours who wanted to go to him. We went ahead and sat in the mosque. He then came back and told us that he heard AbuSaid al-Khudri say: The Apostle of Allah said: Some snakes are jinn; so when anyone sees one of them in his house, he should give it a warning three times. If it return (after that), he should kill it, for it is a devil.
  •  Can Jinn possess Humans ?  Ibn Taymiyyah said , “ The entering of Jinn into the body of humans is a well- established fact by the agreement of the Imams of Ahl As-Sunnah wal- Jama’ah.  Sahih International: Those who consume interest cannot stand [on the Day of Resurrection] except as one stands who is being beaten by Satan into insanity. That is because they say, "Trade is [just] like interest." But Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden interest. So whoever has received an admonition from his Lord and desists may have what is past, and his affair rests with Allah. But whoever returns to [dealing in interest or usury] – those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein. [ Surah al-Baqarah 2, Ayat 275 ]  Bukhari and Muslim report that once when the Prophet was in seclusion (Itikaf) in the mosque, his wife Safiyyah went to see him. When she left, the Prophet accompanied her to his house. On the way he met two Companions from Ansar who were passing by. They sped up their pace when they saw him. He called them and said, "This is my wife Safiyyah bint Huyai. They said, "Subhan Allah! O Messenger of Allah, why are you saying this?" The Prophet said, "Satan flows inside man like blood. I feared, may be he put bad thoughts about me in your minds."
  •  Why do Jinns Possess Humans ?  Enmity  Magic o Sahih International: And when a messenger from Allah came to them confirming that which was with them, a party of those who had been given the Scripture threw the Scripture of Allah behind their backs as if they did not know [what it contained]. And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harūt and Marūt. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, "We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]." And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah. And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew. [ Surah al-Baqarah 2, Ayat 101 - 102 ] o This is the most common type of possession. A possessed man was brought to the prophet (SAW) and he said: “’Aduw Allah ukhruj (O enemy of Allah, exit the body of the possessed).
  •  Why do Jinns Possess Humans ?  Revenge o If a person hurts an animal that were jinn, the jinn will take revenge for it. o If man disturbs the jinn they would take revenge. o Simple hatred for the human being.  Adoration or lust o Jinn might have lust for female among human o Homosexuality is more widespread among the Jinn than human
  •  How to Avoid Possessions ?  Fear of Jinn is the invitation  Fear Allah  Seek Allah’s Help  Be clothed properly  Cover your food  Well smelled housed  Organized house  Make Du’a before entering/exiting washrooms  Make Du’a before entering/exiting home  Recite Allah’s name before doing anything. i.e. dressing, eating, etc
  •  Signs of Poessessions ?  hate to hear the Quran.  hate to pray.  find it very hard to fast.  react in a very weird way. They will go from one extreme stage (e.g. extreme laughter, anger etc) to another.  have extremely bad nightmares constantly.  feel as if ants are crawling all over his/her body.  feel numbness in their hands and feet.  will speak weird languages. Languages that the person was never exposed to.
  •  How to cure Poessession ?  Read Quran & Dhikr o With wudu do the following  Ayatul Qursi, (the most effective).  Surah FatiHa,  Surah Ikhlaas  al-Mi’wadhatayn: Surah al-Falaq, and surah an-Naas  Verses from surah as-Saffat.  Surah al-Baqarah, specially the last two verses o Once above is done, do the following  Blow on to the water mixed with the following mixture. Before water finishes add some more it as the barakah will pass on to the new content  Break and/or grind Lote Tree leaves [Southern Nettle Tree, Lote Tree, Honeyberry, Celtis australis] and mix them in water. Use it to drink, bath & wudu.  Eat Ajwa dates. Has Baraka as mentioned by Prophet (saw)  Narrated Saud: I heard Allahs Apostle saying, "If Somebody takes seven Ajwa dates in the morning, neither magic nor poison will hurt him that day." [ Bukhari ]  7 dates and nothing else in each meal and water. Preferably the above mixture water.  Some scholars mention any dates are fine  Fasting  Destroying the magical charm
  •  Sahih International: And to Solomon [We subjected] the wind – its morning [journey was that of] a month – and its afternoon [journey was that of] a month, and We made flow for him a spring of [liquid] copper. And among the jinn were those who worked for him by the permission of his Lord. And whoever deviated among them from Our command – We will make him taste of the punishment of the Blaze. They made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles. [We said], "Work, O family of David, in gratitude." And few of My servants are grateful. [ Surah Saba 34, Ayat 12 - 13 ] Sahih International: And We certainly tried Solomon and placed on his throne a body; then he returned. He said, "My Lord, forgive me and grant me a kingdom such as will not belong to anyone after me. Indeed, You are the Bestower." So We subjected to him the wind blowing by his command, gently, wherever he directed, And [also] the devils [of jinn] – every builder and diver And others bound together in shackles. [ Surah Sad 38, Ayat 34 - 38 ]