Fiqh of Salah - Daily Prayer


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Brief presentation covering " Fiqh of Salah ! - Daily Prayer " .... for some slides the bullet pointers are not self-explanatory but rather reference for me to speak... for explanation, personal message me and I will email the material....

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Fiqh of Salah - Daily Prayer

  1. 1. Fiqh of Salah - I Daily Salah
  2. 2. <ul><li>Actions are nothing but intentions </li></ul><ul><li>A person will be judged based on his/her knowledge but </li></ul><ul><li>intentional ignorance is not an excuse </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is permitted unless an evidence proves otherwise </li></ul><ul><li>Every Ibadah is Haram unless evidence proves otherwise </li></ul><ul><li>Circumstance dictates exception </li></ul><ul><li>Generality takes precedence over exception in times of </li></ul><ul><li>conflict </li></ul><ul><li>There can be Ikhteelaf in Fatwa but no Ikhteelaf in Hukum </li></ul>General Rules of Sharia
  3. 3. <ul><li>Obligation can be prolonged/delayed as much as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Certainty takes precedence over doubt </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition takes precedence over permissibility </li></ul><ul><li>Performance is lower priority while acceptance is higher </li></ul><ul><li>priority. Master & slave relation </li></ul><ul><li>A statement cannot be considered as abrogation unless you </li></ul><ul><li>are unable to reconcile among/between the verses on the </li></ul><ul><li>same topic </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifice lower priority to establish the higher priority </li></ul><ul><li>Off the two always choose the best option or the lesser evil </li></ul>General Rules of Sharia
  4. 4. <ul><li>Shortening is to travelling and joining is to difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>Pillar is more obligatory than the obligatory deeds </li></ul><ul><li>Imam is to be followed </li></ul><ul><li>Imam takes the Wajib of the followers </li></ul>General Rule of Sharia :: Salah Narrated Salim bin 'Abdullah: My father said, &quot;The Prophet said, 'If the wife of any one of you asks permission (to go to the mosque) do not forbid her.&quot;
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>During Salah it is the Rakah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After Salah it is the whole Salah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not invalidate a person’s Salah who has said the Fatihah </li></ul></ul>Salah Invalidity Importance of Salah <ul><li>Fasting :: In times of hardship you can break it. </li></ul><ul><li>Zakah :: You can delay if you do not have the money </li></ul><ul><li>Salah :: NO EXCUSE !!! </li></ul>Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet said, &quot;I have been ordered to prostrate on seven bones i.e. on the forehead along with the tip of the nose and the Prophet pointed towards his nose, both hands, both knees and the toes of both feet and not to gather the clothes or the hair.&quot;
  6. 6. Some Major Importance of Salah <ul><li>Direct Link w/Allah :: Recitation of Fatihah, Allah answers directly </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Spoken Order from Allah </li></ul><ul><li>First act of belief </li></ul><ul><li>50 Waqt equals to 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Obligated even in the battle </li></ul><ul><li>Soundness of the Salah follows onto other deeds </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving it is disbelief </li></ul><ul><li>Divides between Islam & Kufr </li></ul><ul><li>Protects from filthy & evil deeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Final Advise :: The Salah, The Salah </li></ul><ul><li>Those who does not pray will go blind </li></ul><ul><li>Without Salah NOTHING is accepted </li></ul>Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abi Qatada Al-Ansari: My father said, &quot;Allah's Apostle said, &quot;Whenever I stand for prayer, I want to prolong it but on hearing the cries of a child, I would shorten it as I dislike to put its mother in trouble.&quot;
  7. 7. “ Our Salahs will intercede for us in the day of judgment ” Analogy <ul><li>Two Major thoughts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One group, Time is most important - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other group, Pillar is most important - </li></ul></ul>&quot;I have not created the jinn and humankind for any other purpose except that they should worship Me.&quot; (Noble Qur'an 51:56)
  8. 8. <ul><li>Sunnah to give Adhan. Even if alone </li></ul><ul><li>Fajr has two Adhan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>False Dawn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>True Dawn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adhan’s Dua and Rasul (saw) will intercede </li></ul><ul><li>Intention is a must </li></ul><ul><li>Muadhdhin must be a trustworthy person </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of Adhan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15 Phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19 Phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three types of Iqamah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11 Phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17 Phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 Phrases </li></ul></ul>Adhan & Iqamah The Holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said “ The key to Heaven is Salah. The key to Salah is Purification. ”
  9. 9. What is a person who does not perform Salah ? <ul><ul><ul><li>Worse than a fornicator </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worse than a thief </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worse than a killer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worse than all the three together </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> Ijma of the majority and all the madhabs. </li></ul>The Holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) once asked his companions &quot;Tell me, if there was a river at the door step of one of you in which you washed five times a day would any of your dirt remain?&quot;
  10. 10. How to make the Hell Haram ? If a person prays in the mosque in jammah for 40 days in a row, not missing a single prayer starting from Takbeeratul-Ihram Holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said: “ Everything has a face and the face of your religion is Salah; none of you should stain the face of his religion ”
  11. 11. Actions in Salah <ul><li>Pre-Conditions of Salah </li></ul><ul><li>Pillar of Salah </li></ul><ul><li>Wajib or Obligatory Actions of Salah </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended Sunnah </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed </li></ul><ul><li>Disliked </li></ul><ul><li>Haram </li></ul>Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: I saw Allah's Apostle prostrating in mud and water and saw the mark of mud on his forehead.
  12. 12. Pre-Conditions of Salah <ul><li>Freedom from ritual impurity </li></ul><ul><li>Start of the time of Salah </li></ul><ul><li>Covering the Awrah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male :: 2 types of Awrah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female :: 3 types of Awrah </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cleanliness :: Body, Cloth & Salah place </li></ul><ul><li>Facing Qiblah </li></ul><ul><li>Intention for the specific Salah </li></ul>“ Salah is a pillar of the Religion. If Salah is accepted all other deeds are accepted. If Salah is rejected then all other Deeds are rejected.” (Holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh))
  13. 13. <ul><li>Do not hurry </li></ul><ul><li>Do not cross between fingers </li></ul><ul><li>Say Dua when coming out of the house </li></ul><ul><li>Enter the Mosque (not required for Musallah) with right foot </li></ul><ul><li>If Salah started then do not pray Sunnah </li></ul><ul><li>Perform Tahiyyatul-Masjid upon entering the mosque with tranquility </li></ul>Narrated Abu Huraira: The Qur'an is recited in every prayer and in those prayers in which Allah's Apostle recited aloud for us, we recite aloud in the same prayers for you; and the prayers in which the Prophet recited quietly, we recite quietly. If you recite &quot;Al-Fatiha&quot; only it is sufficient but if you recite something else in addition, it is better. Etiquettes of Walking to Salah
  14. 14. Khushu is Wajib 40 possible ways to build Khushu !!! Narrated 'Aisha: I asked Allah's Apostle about looking hither and thither in prayer. He replied, &quot;It is a way of stealing by which Satan takes away (a portion) from the prayer of a person.&quot;
  15. 15. Pillars of Salah <ul><li>Standing up (if one is able) </li></ul><ul><li>Takbeeratul-Ihram </li></ul><ul><li>Reciting Surah Fatihah </li></ul><ul><li>Bowing </li></ul><ul><li>Standing up after bowing </li></ul><ul><li>Prostrating on the seven parts of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting up between the prostrations </li></ul><ul><li>Possessing tranquility & calmness during the Salah </li></ul><ul><li>The Final Tashahhud </li></ul><ul><li>The final sitting </li></ul><ul><li>The first Tasleem </li></ul><ul><li>Praying in the order recorded from the Prophet (saw) </li></ul>&quot;Once the Prophet offered five Rakat in Zuhr prayer. He was asked, &quot;Is there an increase in the prayer?&quot; The Prophet said, &quot;And what is it?&quot; They said, &quot;You have prayed five Rakat.' So he bent his legs and performed two prostrations (of Sahu).
  16. 16. Wajib or Obligatory Actions in Salah <ul><li>Transitional Takbeer </li></ul><ul><li>Supplications in Bowing & Prostration </li></ul><ul><li>Supplication when getting up from Bowing </li></ul><ul><li>The First Tashahhud </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting for the first Tashahhud </li></ul>A companion of Holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) came to him one day and asked him &quot;What is the thing that Allah (SWT) loves most?&quot; Holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) replied &quot;The thing that Allah (SWT) loves most is when his people pray Salah on time.&quot;
  17. 17. <ul><li>No need to make up for accidentally missing Wajib, Sajda Sahu will suffice. </li></ul><ul><li>But if intentionally Wajib has been missed or ignored then the prayer is invalid and also sin. </li></ul>Comment Prophet said, &quot;If anyone of you stands for prayer, he should not spit in front of him because in prayer he is speaking in private to Allah and he should not spit on his right as there is an angel, but he can spit either on his left or under his left foot and bury it (i.e. expectoration).&quot;
  18. 18. Important Manners of Prayer <ul><li>Place of putting the Hands in Salah </li></ul><ul><li>Quiet in three places of Salah </li></ul><ul><li>Should a person recite Bismillah aloud or not ? </li></ul><ul><li>Should follower read Fatihah in Jammah ? </li></ul><ul><li>Right way of doing Ruku </li></ul><ul><li>Rasul (saw) used to raise his hands before and after Ruku </li></ul><ul><li>Place hands on the chest before & after Ruku </li></ul><ul><li>Dua after standing up from Ruku </li></ul><ul><li>How to go to prostration ? </li></ul><ul><li>What to do in the state of Prostration ? </li></ul><ul><li>What to do when sitting between two prostrations ? </li></ul><ul><li>Where to place your hand and what to do with the finger in the Tashahhud ? </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet used to keep his index finger pointed throughout the Tashahhud </li></ul><ul><li>Dua after Tashahhud </li></ul><ul><li>One can supplicate as much as they want after the Dua Ibrahim </li></ul>Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit: Allah's Apostle said, &quot;Whoever does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid.&quot;
  19. 19. <ul><li>If one adds something to the Prayer </li></ul><ul><li>If one omits something from the Prayer </li></ul><ul><li>If one is in doubt </li></ul>Prostration of Forgetfulness Narrated 'Aisha: Allah's Apostle used to offer the Fajr prayer and some believing women covered with their veiling sheets used to attend the Fajr prayer with him and then they would return to their homes unrecognized .
  20. 20. <ul><li>Tashahhud + Dua Ibrahim </li></ul><ul><li>Tasleem </li></ul><ul><li>2 Sajda </li></ul><ul><li>Tasleem. Hanafis say Tashahhud + Dua Ibrahim before these Tasleems </li></ul>How to do Sajda Sahu ? Allah's Apostle used to pray (optional, non-obligatory prayer) while riding on his mount (Rahila) wherever it turned, and whenever he wanted to pray the compulsory prayer he dismounted and prayed facing the Qibla.
  21. 21. <ul><li>The most learned person </li></ul><ul><li>Not valid to pray behind the one whose prayer is invalid </li></ul><ul><li>If the Imam start of praying while sitting down ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If he is able to stand later then pray sitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If he is sick, then stand and follow. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>While praying the Imam sits down </li></ul><ul><li>What to do when the Imam is leaving a pillar of the Prayer ? </li></ul><ul><li>One whose prayer is correct, then his being the Imam is also acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>It is permissible for a person with Tayammum to lead others </li></ul><ul><li>How would Woman Lead prayer or when can they ? </li></ul><ul><li>If there is one follower, the follower needs to be on the right side of the Imam </li></ul><ul><li>A person praying alone in his own row is not valid </li></ul><ul><li>Do not take TV person as Imam unless in the same geographical area due to need </li></ul><ul><li>What to do when the Imam not fully covered or full naked ? </li></ul><ul><li>If a muslim catches one Rakah with the Imam then he has caught the congregation </li></ul><ul><li>Whoever catches a Ruku, then he has caught the Rakah </li></ul><ul><li>No tapping Imam in the Mosque. No evidence of Sunnah, Companion, Tabiun, Tabi-Tabiun. </li></ul>Leading the Salah Narrated Ibn 'Umar: The Prophet said, &quot;If your women ask permission to go to the mosque at night, allow them.&quot;
  22. 22. <ul><li>At city of residence </li></ul><ul><li>At parent’s residence </li></ul><ul><li>At In-law parent’s residence </li></ul><ul><li>At wife/wives residence </li></ul><ul><li>At Children’s residence </li></ul><ul><li>At Owned Holiday Home/Vacation Home Residence </li></ul>Not a Musafir ( Vast Majority Agrees. Minor Ikhteelaf ) Narrated Anas bin Malik Al-Ansari: Allah's Apostle rode a horse and fell down and the right side of his body was injured. On that day he prayed one of the prayers sitting and we also prayed behind him sitting. When the Prophet finished the prayer with Taslim, he said, &quot;The Imam is to be followed and if he prays standing then pray standing, and bow when he bows, and raise your heads when he raises his head; prostrate when he prostrates; and if he says &quot;Sami'a-l-lahu Liman hamida&quot;, you should say, &quot;Rabbana wa-laka-l hamd.
  23. 23. <ul><li>While praying the Imam realizes he/she did not do Wudu or he/she broke Wudu </li></ul><ul><li>1 minute to go for the Salah period to end a boy/girl just reached his/her age of puberty </li></ul><ul><li>What should a surgeon do who has to do a 6 or more hours of surgery where he will miss 2 Salah period ? Same applies for the patient. </li></ul><ul><li>A person just came out of comma or got back consciousness and there is just 2 minute left for Dhuhur prayer </li></ul><ul><li>2 person praying jammah and 1 or 2 more came in </li></ul><ul><li>While praying the Imam starts crying or for some reason is unable to continue </li></ul><ul><li>Should an old man stand or pray ? </li></ul><ul><li>While driving can you pray ? </li></ul><ul><li>After praying your Jammah can you lead another Jammah ? Can you lead multiple Jammah ? </li></ul>Salah Scenarios
  24. 24. <ul><li>You come to mosque seeing Asr Jammah but you still have not prayed Juhr yet. What do you do ? </li></ul><ul><li>While praying you or the Imam made a mistake in Fatihah </li></ul><ul><li>Scratching the back while bowing down </li></ul><ul><li>Someone forgot first Tashahud in the prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Someone not sure if he sat properly in the prayer </li></ul><ul><li>A new muslim does not know how to pray </li></ul><ul><li>Imam says final tashahhud, stands up and goes on to stand for the fifth Rakah </li></ul><ul><li>Realized that I am in the 5th Rakah </li></ul><ul><li>A person after completing prayer realizes that he/she did not or might have not read Fatihah </li></ul><ul><li>A person completed prayer but later </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A person told him that he did missed a Rakah or pillar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person brought another witness to prove </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The person left his praying place and later came to know from another person with a second witness that he missed a pillar or rakah </li></ul></ul>Salah Scenarios