Disease of the Heart - I

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- Discussion on the Vices of the heart and how to deal with them as per Islamic policy. This is part one of two part session.

- Discussion on the Vices of the heart and how to deal with them as per Islamic policy. This is part one of two part session.

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  • 1. IndexIndex ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 21 Components of Man----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 1.1 Ruh ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 4 Surah Al-Isra, Verse 85 --------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 1.2 Aql ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 1.3 Badan ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 Surah al-Araf, Verse 12 --------------------------------------------------------------------- 42 Components of Deen --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Sahih Muslim Book 001, Number 0001: --------------------------------------------------- 5 2.1 Iman ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 2.1.1 Statement :: Tawheed of Beleief ------------------------------------------------------ 7 Statement of Heart-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 Statement of Tongue ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 2.1.2 Action :: Tawheed of Action ----------------------------------------------------------- 7 Heart ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 Tongue--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 Limbs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 2.2 Ihsan :: Perfection -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 2.2.1 Ihsan in the Quran --------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 Surah Yunus, Verse 26---------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 Surah an-Nahl, Verse 128 ------------------------------------------------------------------ 7 2.2.2 Levels of Ihsan ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8 Obligatory Level ------------------------------------------------------------------- 8 Pure Intention -------------------------------------------------------------------- 8 Compliance with Sunnah --------------------------------------------------------- 8 Recommended Level -------------------------------------------------------------- 8 Highest Level ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 83 Tazkiyah ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 3.1 Linguistic ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 9 3.2 Technical------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 3.2.1 Zakah ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 3.2.2 Tazkiyat al-Nafs ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 9 3.3 Importance to Cleanse ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 3.4 How important is it ?----------------------------------------------------------------------- 10 Surah al-Shams, Verses 1 – 10 ----------------------------------------------------------- 10 3.5 Less Grief with Controlled Nafs ------------------------------------------------------------ 10 Surah Yunus, Verses 62 – 63 ------------------------------------------------------------- 104 The Traps of Shaytan -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 4.1 Why did Allah create evil ? ---------------------------------------------------------------- 11 4.2 Shaytan’s Ploy------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 11 Shirk / Kufr --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 Bidah---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 Major Sins ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 Minor Sins ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 Distraction with Permissible Acts ---------------------------------------------------------- 11 Occupying one with Good Deeds of Lesser Rewards ------------------------------------- 11 4.3 Last Ploy ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 115 Disease & Vices of the Heart ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 12 5.1 Anger - Ghadab ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 5.1.1 Causes of Anger ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 Internal Causes ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 External Causes ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 5.1.2 Effects of Anger ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 Disease of the Heart - I 2
  • 2. General External --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 Tongue-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 Limbs --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 Heart ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 5.1.3 Anger Management ------------------------------------------------------------------- 135.2 Backbiting & Slander ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 5.2.1 Ghibah --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 Definition & Clarification --------------------------------------------------------- 14 Shari Definition------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 Sahih Muslim, Chapter 18, Book 032, Number 6265:------------------------------------ 14 Consequence --------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 Quran ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 Surah Hujurat, Verse 12 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 Hadith ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 4860: ----------------------------------------------------- 15 Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 4858: ----------------------------------------------------- 15 Abu Dawud , Book 41, Number 4857: ---------------------------------------------------- 15 FYI-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 Sunan Abu Dawud: Book 41, Number 4862, Sahih Sunan Al Tirmidhi (1655), Ibin Hiban, Hasan by Al Albani, Ghaybah al-Muram, 420 ------------------------------------- 15 5.2.2 Why People Backbite ? ---------------------------------------------------------------- 15 5.2.3 Prevention & Cure --------------------------------------------------------------------- 16 Reflecting on Allah and His Messenger’s Speech ------------------------------- 16 Surah al-Zukhruf 43, Verse 80 ------------------------------------------------------------ 16 Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 8, Number 158 ------------------------------------------------ 16 Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 8, Number 83 ------------------------------------------------- 16 Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 481 ---------------------------------------- 16 Al-Tirmidhi Hadith - 468 ------------------------------------------------------------------- 16 Introspection --------------------------------------------------------------------- 16 Sahih Muslim, Book 32, Number 6251 ---------------------------------------------------- 16 Righteous Companionship ------------------------------------------------------- 17 Shahih Bukhari, Volume 3 Number 314--------------------------------------------------- 17 Strong Resolve ------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 5.2.4 Exception ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 175.3 Namimah – Tale Carrying------------------------------------------------------------------ 18 5.3.1 Definition & Clarification -------------------------------------------------------------- 18 5.3.2 Hadith ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18 Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Number 717 --------------------------------------------------- 18 Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Number 0189 ----------------------------------------------------- 18 Sahih Muslim, Book 32, Number 6306 ---------------------------------------------------- 18 5.3.3 Understanding the Early Generations ------------------------------------------------ 19 Umar (R) ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 19 Al-Hasan al-Basri----------------------------------------------------------------- 19 5.3.4 Dealing with Namimah ---------------------------------------------------------------- 20 5.3.5 Slandering of Aisha (R) [Ummul Mu’minin] ------------------------------------------ 20 Main Subjects in Surah Nur------------------------------------------------------ 20 Surah Nur :: Verse 1 - 34 ------------------------------------------------------ 21 Zina – Adultery :: Classical Position -------------------------------------------- 22 Disease of the Heart - I 3
  • 3. 1 Components of ManMan comprises of three components 1.1 Ruh a. We do not have the knowledge of Ruh or the Soul Surah Al-Isra, Verse 85Muhsin Khan: And they ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning the Ruh (the Spirit); Say:"The Ruh (the Spirit): it is one of the things, the knowledge of which is only with my Lord. And ofknowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little."Sahih International: And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul. Say, "The soul is of theaffair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a little." 1.2 Aql b. This is the intellect & rationale 1.3 Badan c. The body is made clay Surah al-Araf, Verse 12Muhsin Khan: (Allah) said: "What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate, when Icommanded you?" Iblis said: "I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and himYou created from clay."Sahih International: [Allah] said, "What prevented you from prostrating when I commandedyou?" [Satan] said, "I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay." Disease of the Heart - I 4
  • 4. 2 Components of DeenThere are three components of the Deen Sahih Muslim Book 001, Number 0001:One day we were sitting in the company of Allahs Apostle (peace be upon him) when thereappeared before us a man dressed in pure white clothes, his hair extraordinarily black.There were no signs of travel on him. None amongst us recognized him.At last he sat with the Apostle (peace be upon him) He knelt before him placed his palms onhis thighs and said: Muhammad, inform me about al-Islam. Disease of the Heart - I 5
  • 5. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Al-Islam impliesthat you testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad Performed by Badanis the messenger of Allah, and you establish prayer, pay Zakat,observe the fast of Ramadan, and perform pilgrimage to the(House) if you are solvent enough (to bear the expense of) thejourney.He (the inquirer) said: You have told the truth.He (Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: It amazed us that he would put thequestion and then he would himself verify the truth.He (the inquirer) said: Inform me about Iman (faith).He (the Holy Prophet) replied: That you affirm your faith in Allah, inHis angels, in His Books, in His Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, Performed byand you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about good and evil. IntellectHe (the inquirer) said: You have told the truth.He (the inquirer) again said: Inform me about al-Ihsan(performance of good deeds). Performed by SoulHe (the Holy Prophet) said: That you worship Allah as if you areseeing Him, for though you dont see Him, He, verily, sees you.He (the enquirer) again said: Inform me about the hour (of theDoom).He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: One who is asked knows no morethan the one who is inquiring (about it).He (the inquirer) said: Tell me some of its indications.He (the Holy Prophet) said: That the slave-girl will give birth to hermistress and master, that you will find barefooted, destitute goat-herds vying with one another in the construction of magnificentbuildings.He (the narrator, Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: Then he (the inquirer)went on his way but I stayed with him (the Holy Prophet) for a longwhile.He then, said to me: Umar, do you know who this inquirer was? Ireplied: Allah and His Apostle knows best. He (the Holy Prophet)remarked: He was Gabriel (the angel). He came to you in order toinstruct you in matters of religion.NOTE :: If Islam, Iman or Ihsan are mentioned separately, then they refer to the whole religion.If mentioned separately with the other then refers to the specific meaning. For example, visitingToronto and/or Ottawa, visiting Ontario encompasses Toronto, Ottawa Disease of the Heart - I 6
  • 6. 2.1 ImanIman comprises of two below 2.1.1 Statement :: Tawheed of Beleief Statement of Heart Statement of Tongue 2.1.2 Action :: Tawheed of Action Heart Emotion Tongue Read Quran Dawah Zikr Limbs Salah 2.2 Ihsan :: Perfection 2.2.1 Ihsan in the Quran Surah Yunus, Verse 26 Sahih International: For them who have done good is the best [reward] –and extra. No darkness will cover their faces, nor humiliation. Those are companions of Paradise; they will abide therein eternally. Surah an-Nahl, Verse 128 Sahih International: Indeed, Allah is with those who fear Him and those who are doers of good.NOTE :: Ihsan varies from moment to moment in any person Disease of the Heart - I 7
  • 7. 2.2.2 Levels of Ihsan Obligatory Level Pure Intention o Only for the Sake of Allah Compliance with Sunnah o Perform Ibadah according to Sunnah and avoid Bidah Recommended Level• One’s actions performed in the state of muraqabah, “…if you do no see Him then [remember] that He sees you.” Highest Level• Performing One’s action in the state mushahadah, “…as if you see Allah.” Disease of the Heart - I 8
  • 8. 3 Tazkiyah 3.1 Linguistic • To clean and purify from something filthy • To increase and/or become more in number 3.2 Technical 3.2.1 Zakah • Purify your wealth • Increase your wealthSurah al-Baqarah 2, Verse 272Sahih International: Not upon you, [O Muhammad], is [responsibility for] their guidance, butAllah guides whom He wills. And whatever good you [believers] spend is for yourselves, and youdo not spend except seeking the countenance of Allah. And whatever you spend of good – it willbe fully repaid to you, and you will not be wronged. 3.2.2 Tazkiyat al-Nafs • Cleanse and purify your soul • Nourish your soul with good and praiseworthy characteristics 3.3 Importance to CleanseThere is Ikhteelaf in the opinion of Tazkiyat al-Nafs being Fard-ayn or Fard-kifayah. Butconsensus is that it has to be addressed. One must learn all the characteristics/disease of thesoul, as well as how to get rid of them. Disease of the Heart - I 9
  • 9. 3.4 How important is it ?Allah took 11 Oaths to signify the importance of purifying the soul. Highest in the Quran Surah al-Shams, Verses 1 – 10091.001 Muhsin Khan: And by the sun and its brightness;091.002 Muhsin Khan: And by the moon as it follows it (the sun);091.003 Muhsin Khan: And by the day as it shows up (the suns) brightness;091.004 Muhsin Khan: And by the night as it conceals it (the sun);091.005 Muhsin Khan: And by the heaven and Him Who built it;091.006 Muhsin Khan: And by the earth and Him Who spread it,091.007 Muhsin Khan: And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul, etc.), and Him Who perfectedhim in proportion;091.008 Muhsin Khan: Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him;091.009 Muhsin Khan: Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performsall that Allah ordered, by following the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteousgood deeds).091.010 Muhsin Khan: And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allahhas ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following polytheism, etc. orby doing every kind of evil wicked deeds). 3.5 Less Grief with Controlled NafsIn this life, the person who purifies his soul will find himself free of grief and depression Surah Yunus, Verses 62 – 63Sahih International: Unquestionably, [for] the allies of Allah there will be no fear concerningthem, nor will they grieve –Sahih International: Those who believed and were fearing Allah. Disease of the Heart - I 10
  • 10. 4 The Traps of Shaytan 4.1 Why did Allah create evil ?If there was no evil we would not know what good is. Moreover, in the absence of evil therewould be no test ! And in the absence of tests humankind would, like Angels, be forever obedientto Allah. Yet the Angels were created before man, and they have continued to obey Allah fromthat time without choice. Rather, Allah wanted to create Man and Jinn giving them a choicebetween obedience and disobedience 4.2 Shaytan’s PloyFrom the time Adam was created. Shaytan is in active battle with us, who needs to activelyfought to be defeated. Shirk / Kufr Bidah Major Sins Minor Sins Distraction with Permissible Acts Occupying one with Good Deeds of Lesser Rewards 4.3 Last PloyOnce all of the above fails he uses others by entrapping them in the sin of back-biting orslandering against the believer. Disease of the Heart - I 11
  • 11. 5 Disease & Vices of the HeartPurification involves two stages • Firstly, cleansing the heart of its vices and diseases • Secondly, increasing the good characteristics and virtues of the heartTo achieve the first step of cleansing ourselves from the vices and diseases of the heart and soulwe need to consider the various diseases and their causes. 5.1 Anger - Ghadab • No one is free of anger • Anger per se is neither good nor bad • Certain types of anger are sinful and certain consequences of anger are blameworthy • Excessive anger is blameworthy as it prevents the afflicted person from thinking straight • Excessive anger overtakes your intellect 5.1.1 Causes of Anger Internal Causes External Causes 5.1.2 Effects of Anger General External o Change in physical movements o Facial expression Tongue o Swearing o Cursing Limbs o Beating o Breaking o Killing Heart o Jealousy o Hatred o Malice Disease of the Heart - I 12
  • 12. 5.1.3 Anger Management• Allah’s Remembrance• Get Acquainted with Virtues of Forgiveness & Forbearance• Fearing Allah’s Punishment• Being wary of feeling enmity and revenge• Reflecting on the outward manifestation of anger and its ugly nature• Questioning that which entices his rage to pursue revenge• Appreciating that people avoid those with short temper• Seeking refuge of Allah• Changing his physical state• Increasing invocations and supplications to Allah Disease of the Heart - I 13
  • 13. 5.2 Backbiting & Slander 5.2.1 Ghibah Definition & ClarificationGhibah , from the Arabic root word “ghayb” [from gh-ya-ba, which means to be absent; hiddenremote; unseen; etc]. This is because often, when a person backbites another, he does so whenthe latter is not present.Ghibah is a truthful statement that is said in the person’s absence and he would dislike to havethat said about him; were this statement to be false, it would be called buhtan or slandering.Backbiting is the only thoughtless utter of a few words, light on the tongue but weighty in sin. Itcould lead a person to Hellfire. Shari Definition Sahih Muslim, Chapter 18, Book 032, Number 6265:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do you know whatis backbiting? They (the Companions) said: Allah and His Messenger know best. Thereupon he(the Holy Prophet) said: Backbiting implies your talking about your brother in a manner which hedoes not like. It was said to him: What is your opinion about this that if I actually find (thatfailing) in my brother which I made a mention of? He said: If (that failing) is actually found (inhim) what you assert, you in fact backbited him, and if that is not in him it is a slander.NOTE :: There is no justification of this Sin. Prophet explained that backbiting is when someoneis mentioning the real faults of a person. And what is even worse us to state falsehood withregards to a believe and this is a slander. Consequence Quran Surah Hujurat, Verse 12Muhsin Khan: O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. Andspy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother?You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who acceptsrepentance, Most Merciful. Disease of the Heart - I 14
  • 14. Hadith Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 4860:Narrated Anas ibn Malik: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When I was taken up toheaven I passed by people who had nails of copper and were scratching their faces and theirbreasts. I said: Who are these people, Gabriel? He replied: They are those who were given toback biting and who aspersed peoples honour. Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 4858:Narrated Said ibn Zayd: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The most prevalent kind ofusury is going to lengths in talking unjustly against a Muslims honour. Abu Dawud , Book 41, Number 4857:Narrated Aisha, Ummul Muminin: I said to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): It is enough foryou in Safiyyah that she is such and such (the other version than Musaddads has:) meaning thatshe was short-statured. He replied; You have said a word which would change the sea if it weremixed in it. She said: I imitated a man before him (out of disgrace). He said: I do not like that Iimitate anyone even if I should get such and such. FYI Sunan Abu Dawud: Book 41, Number 4862, Sahih Sunan Al Tirmidhi (1655), Ibin Hiban, Hasan by Al Albani, Ghaybah al-Muram, 420Narrated AbuBarzah al-Aslami: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: O community of people,who believed by their tongue, and belief did not enter their hearts, do not back-bite Muslims, anddo not search for their faults, for if anyone searches for their faults, Allah will search for his fault,and if Allah searches for the fault of anyone, He disgraces him in the open for everyone to see,even if he hid it in the innermost part of his house. 5.2.2 Why People Backbite ? 1. Weakness of Faith and lack of Piety 2. To vent his anger 3. To fit in 4. Personal dislike 5. For self-purification 6. To honor and elevate oneself 7. Jealousy & Envy 8. Mocking & Joking Disease of the Heart - I 15
  • 15. 5.2.3 Prevention & Cure Reflecting on Allah and His Messenger’s Speech Surah al-Zukhruf 43, Verse 80Muhsin Khan: Or do they think that We hear not their secrets and their private counsel? (YesWe do) and Our Messengers (appointed angels in charge of mankind) are by them, to record.Sahih International: Or do they think that We hear not their secrets and their privateconversations? Yes, [We do], and Our messengers are with them recording. Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 8, Number 158Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should nothurt his neighbor and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should serve his guestgenerously and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should talk what is good or keepquiet." - Seek forgiveness from the transgressed person Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 8, Number 83The Prophet said, "Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies), and evil deeds,and speaking bad words to others, Allah is not in need of his (fasting) leaving his food and drink." Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 481It has been related on the authority of Sahl ibn Sad, that the Prophet (saw) said, "Whoever canguarantee what is between his jaws and what is between his legs, I guarantee him the Garden." Al-Tirmidhi Hadith - 468Narrated AbudDarda :: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: He who defends the honour of abrother, Allah will shield his face against the Fire on the Day of Judgment. Introspection Sahih Muslim, Book 32, Number 6251Abu Huraira. reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do you know whois poor? They (the Companions of the Holy Prophet) said: A poor man amongst us is one who hasneither dirham with him nor wealth. He (the Holy Prophet) said: The poor of my Umma would behe who would come on the Day of Resurrecton with prayers and fasts and Zakat but (he wouldfind himself bankrupt on that day as he would have exhausted his funds of virtues) since hehurled abuses upon others, brought calumny against others and unlawfully consumed the wealthof others and shed the blood of others and beat others, and his virtues would be credited to theaccount of one (who suffered at his hand). And if his good deeds fall short to clear the account,then his sins would be entered in (his account) and he would be thrown in the Hell-Fire. Disease of the Heart - I 16
  • 16. Righteous Companionship Shahih Bukhari, Volume 3 Number 314Narrated Abu Musa: Allahs Apostle said, "The example of a good companion (who sits with you)in comparison with a bad one, is I like that of the musk seller and the blacksmiths bellows (orfurnace); from the first you would either buy musk or enjoy its good smell while the bellowswould either burn your clothes or your house, or you get a bad nasty smell thereof." Strong ResolveMake your own personal Oath. Example is Rasul ibn Wahb. He said, “I swore an oath that forevery time I backbite someone, I would fast a day. This just wore me out, since I would backbiteand fast. Then I resolved that for every time I backbite someone, I would spend one silver coinin charity. Then for the love of money, I gave up backbiting” 5.2.4 Exception 1. To Complain Oppression 2. To Return to Order or Put to Rights 3. When Seeking a Fatwa Regarding the Issue 4. To offer Counsel, Advice or a Warning a. Warning against Weakness in Hadith b. Counsel Regarding Character of a Person i. Marriage ii. Getting into Business Partnership iii. Safekeeping something with someone iv. Doing business with someone v. Becoming a neighbor of someone c. To advise student of knowledge d. To advise one in authority regarding the neglect of a person in office, etc. 5. To expose an open Fahishah 6. In order to describe or identify an IndividualExample :: Sahih Muslim, Book 9, Number 3527:Fatima bint Qais narrates :: Muawiya and Abul-Jahm (Allah be pleased with them) were amongthose who had given me the proposal of marriage. Thereupon Allahs Apostle (may peace beupon him) said: Muawiya is destitute and in poor condition and Abul- Jahm is very harsh withwomen (or he beats women, or like that), you should take Usama b. Zaid (as your husband). Disease of the Heart - I 17
  • 17. 5.3 Namimah – Tale Carrying 5.3.1 Definition & ClarificationThis is to transmit the statements of some people to others intending to cause friction and enmitybetween themAli (R) mentioned that “The tale-carrier, in one hour, creates the mischief of many months”. 5.3.2 Hadith Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Number 717Narrated Abu Huraira: Allahs Apostle said, Beware of suspicion, for it is the worst of false talesand dont look for the others faults and dont spy and dont hate each other, and dont desert(cut your relations with) one another O Allahs slaves, be brothers!" Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Number 0189It is reported from Hudhaifa that news reached him (the Holy Prophet) that a certain man carriedtales. Upon this Hudhaifa remarked: I heard Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying:The tale-bearer shall not enter Paradise. Sahih Muslim, Book 32, Number 6306Abdullah b. Masud reported that Muhammad (may peace be upon him) said: Should I informyou that slandering, that is in fact a tale- carrying which creates dissension amongst people,(and) he (further) said: The person tells the truth until he is recorded as truthful, and lie tells alie until lie is recorded as a liar. Disease of the Heart - I 18
  • 18. 5.3.3 Understanding the Early Generations Umar (R)When a man came to Umar (R), the great Caliph, to inform him of what someone had said aboutanother person, he (Umar [R]) said, “If you wish we can verify this matter. If you have lied thenyou are from this ayah of the Quran: ‘O you who believe, when a sinner comes to you with news,verify it’, and if you have spoken the truth then you are from this ayah, ‘the backbiter who goesabout slandering’. Alternatively, if you wish we can pardon you”. The man promptly replied thathe would prefer to be pardoned and would never repeat this sin againUmar (R) understood that if what the person had related was true, he would be tale carrier - andthis is a sin – and if he had lied, he would have been a fasiq (a corrupt sinner) whose statementswould need to be verified. Al-Hasan al-BasriAl-Hasan al-Basri one said, “If someone comes to you with the statements of other then knowthat he will go to others with you statements.” Disease of the Heart - I 19
  • 19. 5.3.4 Dealing with Namimah 1. Not Believe in the tale 2. Counsel & Advice 3. Hate the Sin & Perpetrator 4. Maintain the best of Expectations 5. Avoid Suspicion 6. Desist from spreading it further 5.3.5 Slandering of Aisha (R) [Ummul Mu’minin]Aisha was traveling with her husband Muhammad and some of his followers. She left camp in themorning to search for her lost necklace; when she returned, she found that the company hadbroken camp and left without her. She waited patiently for half a day, until she was rescued by aman named Safwan and taken to rejoin the caravan.Malicious tongues started to wag, claiming that she must have been having an affair with Safwan.Some urged Muhammad to divorce his wife.Prophet then received a revelation (Surah Nur) directing that adultery be proven by foureyewitnesses, rather than simply inferred from opportunity. One passage of the Quran, "Verily!They who spread the slander are a gang among you..." (), is usually taken as a rebuke to thosewho slandered Aisha. Main Subjects in Surah Nur 1. Punishment of Adultery a. Never married b. Married / Widowed / Divorced c. Punishment of Failed Witness d. Spousal Accusation of Adultery 2. Abu Bakr (R) rebuked by Allah 3. Lower you Gaze 4. Guard your private parts 5. Not display the adornment "except what is apparent of it" 6. Draw the khimar to cover the jayb. 7. Not display the adornment except to the people listed in the ayah. 8. Not stamp the feet so as to give knowledge of hidden adornment. Disease of the Heart - I 20
  • 20. Surah Nur :: Verse 1 - 34024.001 :: Sahih International: [This is] a surah which We have sentdown and made [that within it] obligatory and revealed therein versesof clear evidence that you might remember. 024.013 :: Sahih International: Why did they [who slandered] not produce for it four witnesses? And when they do not produce the witnesses, then it is they, in the sight of Allah, who are the liars.024.002 :: Sahih International: The [unmarried] woman or[unmarried] man found guilty of sexual intercourse – lash each one ofthem with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in thereligion of Allah, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let 024.014 :: Sahih International: And if it had not been for thea group of the believers witness their punishment. favor of Allah upon you and His mercy in this world and the Hereafter, you would have been touched for that [lie] in which you were involved by a great punishment024.003 :: Sahih International: The fornicator does not marry except a[female] fornicator or polytheist, and none marries her except afornicator or a polytheist, and that has been made unlawful to the 024.015 :: Sahih International: When you received it with yourbelievers. tongues and said with your mouths that of which you had no knowledge and thought it was insignificant while it was, in the sight of Allah, tremendous.024.004 :: Sahih International: And those who accuse chaste womenand then do not produce four witnesses – lash them with eighty lashesand do not accept from them testimony ever after. And those are the 024.016 :: Sahih International: And why, when you heard it, diddefiantly disobedient, you not say, “It is not for us to speak of this. Exalted are You, [O Allah]; this is a great slander”?024.005 :: Sahih International: Except for those who repent thereafterand reform, for indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. 024.017 :: Sahih International: Allah warns you against returning to the likes of this [conduct], ever, if you should be believers.024.006 :: Sahih International: And those who accuse their wives [ofadultery] and have no witnesses except themselves – then the witnessof one of them [shall be] four testimonies [swearing] by Allah that 024.018 :: Sahih International: And Allah makes clear to you theindeed, he is of the truthful. verses, and Allah is Knowing and Wise.024.007 :: Sahih International: And the fifth [oath will be] that the 024.019 :: Sahih International: Indeed, those who like thatcurse of Allah be upon him if he should be among the liars. immorality should be spread [or publicized] among those who have believed will have a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter. And Allah knows and you do not know.024.008 :: Sahih International: But it will prevent punishment from herif she gives four testimonies [swearing] by Allah that indeed, he is ofthe liars. 024.020 :: Sahih International: And if it had not been for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy…and because Allah is Kind and Merciful.024.009 :: Sahih International: And the fifth [oath will be] that thewrath of Allah be upon her if he was of the truthful. 024.021 :: Sahih International: O you who have believed, do not follow the footsteps of Satan. And whoever follows the footsteps024.010 :: Sahih International: And if not for the favor of Allah upon of Satan – indeed, he enjoins immorality and wrongdoing. And ifyou and His mercy…and because Allah is Accepting of repentance and not for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy, not one of youWise. would have been pure, ever, but Allah purifies whom He wills, and Allah is Hearing and Knowing.024.011 :: Sahih International: Indeed, those who came with falsehoodare a group among you. Do not think it bad for you; rather it is good foryou. For every person among them is what [punishment] he has earnedfrom the sin, and he who took upon himself the greater portion thereof 024.022:: Sahih International: And let not those of virtue among– for him is a great punishment. you and wealth swear not to give [aid] to their relatives and the needy and the emigrants for the cause of Allah, and let them pardon and overlook. Would you not like that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.024.012 :: Sahih International: Why, when you heard it, did not thebelieving men and believing women think good of one another and say,“This is an obvious falsehood”? Disease of the Heart - I 21
  • 21. 024.023 :: Sahih International: Indeed, those who [falsely] accusechaste, unaware and believing women are cursed in this world and the 024.031 :: Sahih International: And tell the believing women toHereafter; and they will have a great punishment reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their head covers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their024.024 :: Sahih International: On a Day when their tongues, their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, theirhands and their feet will bear witness against them as to what they husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’used to do. sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their024.025 :: Sahih International: That Day, Allah will pay them in full adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, Otheir deserved recompense, and they will know that it is Allah who is believers, that you might succeed.the perfect in justice. 024.032 :: Sahih International: And marry the unmarried among024.026 :: Sahih International: Evil words are for evil men, and evil you and the righteous among your male slaves and femalemen are [subjected] to evil words. And good words are for good men, slaves. If they should be poor, Allah will enrich them from Hisand good men are [an object] of good words. Those [good people] are bounty, and Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.declared innocent of what the slanderers say. For them is forgivenessand noble provision. 024.033 :: Sahih International: But let them who find not [the means for] marriage abstain [from sexual relations] until Allah024.027 :: Sahih International: O you who have believed, do not enter enriches them from His bounty. And those who seek a contracthouses other than your own houses until you ascertain welcome and [for eventual emancipation] from among whom your right handsgreet their inhabitants. That is best for you; perhaps you will be possess – then make a contract with them if you know there isreminded. within them goodness and give them from the wealth of Allah which He has given you. And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution, if they desire chastity, to seek [thereby] the temporary interests of worldly life. And if someone should024.028 :: Sahih International: And if you do not find anyone therein, compel them, then indeed, Allah is [to them], after theirdo not enter them until permission has been given you. And if it is said compulsion, Forgiving and Merciful.to you, “Go back,” then go back; it is purer for you. And Allah isKnowing of what you do. 024.034 :: Sahih International: And We have certainly sent down to you distinct verses and examples from those who024.029 :: Sahih International: There is no blame upon you for entering passed on before you and an admonition for those who fearhouses not inhabited in which there is convenience for you. And Allah Allah.knows what you reveal and what you conceal. 024.030Sahih International: Tell the believing men to reduce [some] of theirvision and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Indeed,Allah is Acquainted with what they do. Zina – Adultery :: Classical Position 1. Story of Umar (R) 2. Story of the Woman that came to the Prophet 3. Story of Sahabi who confessed Disease of the Heart - I 22