UIIT Assessment item 2According to my teaching philosophy, in order to help students in learning, teachersneed to enhance their motivation in learning. In order to do so, we need to aim atstimulate students interests in learning.After several weeks of teaching practice in a band 3 secondary school, I found that theconcentration spans of students in this type of school are particularly short and thusthey need a variety of sources, media and tasks to keep them focus in class. Thetraditional use of blackboard and chalk is still useful in some parts of my teaching, butnot all. Students with lower academic abilities and shorter con concentration spansthey tend to loose their concentration quickly in class, especially with traditionalteaching methods. Therefore I have tried to incorporate traditional teaching methodswith the use of ICT tools such as using computer to play video and audio, usingprojector to project images and slides, using power point to present grammar items,and the result was very good as the use of ICT and catch students’ attention and it alsohelps to explain ideas and concept clearly.As an English student in the past and an English Teacher at the present, I found thatthe teaching and learning styles can be very different when ICT is used or not beingused in the lesson. I grew up in a local band 1 secondary school in which the majorityof the teachers like using traditional teaching method, I found that it was feasible butit could not stimulate my interests in learning at all.When I am now teaching in a band 3 secondary school, I found that the traditionalmethod of teaching may not be feasible to this group of students mainly because theycannot behave and concentrate as good as their counterparts in band 1 schools.Therefore, more help from different media is needed. For example, in one of myreading lesson, the lesson’s objective is to teach students new vocabulary and revisethe grammar item: adverbs of sequence by introducing Lamma Island. At thebeginning I played a video and asked students to jot down the vocabulary in the video,then I asked some students to present vocabulary of Lamma Island with their powerpoints, finally I went through the reading passage with the class with the use of powerpoint as well. The strategy of using ICT in teaching and learning seemed successful asthe majority of the class did pay attention to the video and presentations. During thetime when they were doing pair reading, I introduce the online Oxford Dictionary tostudents and showed them how to check the meanings of new words through onlinedictionary. Students were interested in it as asked questions about it.When I was revising the grammar item with the class, I used both blackboard and
power point to help illustrate the grammar structure. The power point appeared to bemore attractive to students as they tended to be more focus when I was talking withthe power point.Therefore, with the use of ICT, it can catch students’ attention, stimulate theirinterests, help weaker students to concentrate in class and help in concept elaboration.In terms of effectiveness, the use of ICT was effective as students could answer myconcept checking questions at the end of the lesson.When comparing with the traditional teaching approach, the use of ICT may be evenmore effective when teaching students with lower abilities or special needs.UIIT Assessment item 3I think using ICT in education in Hong Kong has both pros and cons of infusing ICTin education. In terms of effectiveness, both traditional teaching method and the useof ICT in teaching are effective. For traditional teaching method such as practicingexam drills and doing grammar exercises, these are good for students to handle theexams. In terms of students’ interests, the use of ICT in teaching would be a betterchoice as students can come across the same topic or message through different formsof media such as video, audio, images, power point etc. In fact the use of ICT is verycommon in Task-based and project-based learning. Teachers nowadays often askstudents to carry out research on different topics, to prepare power point presentationsand later present to the class.Besides, teachers often make use of internet searching machines in teaching; forexample, checking meanings of words through online dictionary, using onlinestopwatch in exams, sharing resources and communicate with students through onlineforum and social networking website such as Facebook and Twitter. Apart fromassisting in learning and teaching, the use of ICT can increase student-teacherinteraction as they can always communicate and exchange ideas through e-class,emails, forum and social networking websites.In terms of classroom management, the use of ICT can help teachers to maintainclassroom discipline especially in the computer lesson;According to Leask(2001),My experience as a teacher and educator strongly suggests that the role of a teacherdespite pressures to change towards that of a facilitator and creator of didactically
prepared web-based learning material, remains absolutely control in rendering theexperiences and work of pupils with and at the computer conherant.(p.17)Thus, teachers should have appropriate control on their students in the use of ICT.Forexample, a teacher can lock students’ computers when he is teaching and unlock thecomputers during students’ practice. In this case, it can help students to concentrate onteacher’s talking.In terms of students’ learning, some students are visual learners who learn better withvisual images and audio. In this case, the use of ICT can particularly help this kind ofstudents and improve their learning efficiency. For students who have special needssuch as hearing problems, teachers can adjust the volume of audio and microphone tohelp him in listening.Suggested by Chau(2000),Students’ perceptions of the influences of IT was dividedinto positive and negative ones...in general students’ attitudes towards the use of ITwere more positive than negative. They regarded IT as an important survival skill anda useful tool (“draft Report,” 1998, p.21). Thus, it is important for teachers tointroduce the use of ICT in class in order to facilitate students’ learning and enhancetheir survival skills.For the cons, facilities availability may contribute to the problem. For most of theschools in Hong Kong, there should have basic ICT teaching aids available such ascomputers, projectors and audio amplifier etc. In some DSS schools in Hong Kong,there are computers available over the campus, even in the playground. But there arealso some rural private schools which do not have sufficient fund to afford the mostupdated ICT aids and the number of computers in those schools is just sufficient, thecomputers can be very old and are mul-function sometimes.Since the availability and the updated level of the ICT aids are different in schools, itmay affect the use of ICT teaching because of facilities availability.To conclude, the use of ICT in Hong Kong’s education has both pros and cons, butafter considering the factors including effectiveness, student-teacher interaction,classroom management, cater to students’ needs and facilities availability, the pros ofthe use of ICT in teaching are still out numbered the cons, therefore, we can see that ithas become the main trend and it’s being commonly used in nowadays teaching.
ReferenceChau, K. (2000, May 23)Survey on CU Students’ use of Information Technology (IT).United College Newsletter [Attachment 2],p.1.Leask, M. (2001). Issues in Teaching Using ICT. USA: RoutledgeFalmer.