Moral Panic Intro


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Moral Panic Intro

  1. 1. Starter: <ul><li>What is a ‘moral’? Provide a definition. </li></ul><ul><li>Give an example. </li></ul>
  2. 2. MORAL PANIC is the intensity of feeling expressed in a population about an issue that appears to threaten the social order.
  3. 3. <ul><li>According to Stanley Cohen, author of Folk Devils and Moral Panics (1972), a moral panic occurs when &quot;[a] condition, episode, person or group of persons emerges to become defined as a threat to societal values and interests.&quot; </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Mods and Rockers <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Why might older people have been worried about the advent of this youth culture? </li></ul><ul><li>According to Stanley Cohen, the media exaggerated the amount of violence. Why might this have been the case? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Those who start the panic when they fear a threat to prevailing social or cultural values are known by researchers as “moral entrepreneurs&quot;, while people who supposedly threaten the social order have been described as “folk devils.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Moral panics are in essence controversies that involve arguments and social tension and in which disagreement is difficult because the matter at its centre is taboo . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Dangerous Dogs </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The media have long operated as agents of moral indignation, even when they are not self-consciously engaged in crusading. Simply reporting the facts can be enough to generate concern, anxiety or panic. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The 5 Characteristics: <ul><li>Moral panics have several distinct features. According to Goode and Ben-Yehuda, moral panic consists of the following characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Concern </li></ul>There must be awareness that the behaviour of the group or category in question is likely to have a a negative impact on society.
  10. 10. Ravers <ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2. Hostility Hostility towards the group in question increases, and they become &quot;folk devils&quot;. A clear division forms between &quot;them&quot; and &quot;us&quot;.
  12. 12. 3. Consensus Though concern does not have to be nationwide, there must be widespread acceptance that the group in question poses a very real threat to society. It is important at this stage that the &quot;moral entrepreneurs&quot; are vocal and the &quot;folk devils&quot; appear weak and disorganised.
  13. 13. 4. Disproportionality The action taken is disproportionate to the actual threat posed by the accused group.
  14. 14. Football Hooligans in the 1980’s <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>All seater Stadiums </li></ul><ul><li>CCTV footage </li></ul><ul><li>Membership schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Life bans for trouble makers </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Police under-cover operations. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 5. Volatility Moral panics are highly volatile and tend to disappear as quickly as they appeared, due to a wane in public interest or news reports changing to another topic.
  16. 16. <ul><li>James Bulger case </li></ul><ul><li>Video Nasties </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>