Ospi Sti Curriculum Update 09 09Presentation Transcript
SINCE TIME IMMEMORIAL:
TRIBAL SOVEREIGNTY IN WASHINGTON STATE
PROJECT DATE DESIGNERS FALL 2009 OSPI AND WASHINGTON TRIBES
Our Vision Where the Sun Rises Indian education dates back to a time when all children were identified as gifted and talented. Each child had a skill and ability that would contribute to the health and vitality of the community. Everyone in the community was expected and trained to be a teacher to identify and cultivate these skills and abilities. The elders were entrusted to oversee this sacred act of knowledge being shared. That is our vision for Indian education today.
Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State
Our curriculum is anchored by three pedagogical practices:
The Pilot Schools
How the Curriculum Works
There will be Tribal sovereignty units for every U.S. History, Washington State History, and Contemporary World Problems unit that OSPI recommends.
Within each unit, teachers choose from three levels of instruction based on curricular needs and time constraints.
How the Curriculum Works
It encourages collaboration between schools and local tribes.
Reliable curriculum and materials are aligned with State EALRs and social studies GLEs, and CBAs.
It is easy to access, with most materials just a click away.
Most of the materials and resources are free.
Its integrative style does not force teachers into the “What do I throw out to include this new material?” dilemma.
It is manageable. Teachers can say, “I can do that.”
How the Curriculum is Organized for Each Grade Level
Internet Availability of Materials
Governor’s Office of Indian Affairs: http://goia.wa.gov
Digital Learning Commons: http://www.learningcommons.org
Regional Learning Project: http://www.trailtribes.org and http://nwhistorycourse.org /
WSU Clearinghouse on Native Teaching and Learning: http://education.wsu.edu/nativeclearinghouse/
Shana Brown, Lead Curriculum Writer and Developer, Seattle Public Schools [email_address]
Denny Hurtado, Indian Education, OSPI [email_address]
Joan Banker, Office Manager, Indian Education, OSPI [email_address] us
OSPI Indian Education Office
PO Box 47200
Olympia, WA 98504-7200
Essential Questions, Grade Level Goals and Funding
The Big Five By the time Washington State students leave high school, they will:
recognize landmark court decisions and legislation that affected and continue to affect tribal sovereignty;
understand that tribal sovereignty protects tribes’ ways of life and the development of their nations;
understand that tribal, state, and federal agencies often work together toward the same goal;
explain the governmental structure of at least one tribe in their community; and
distinguish between federally and non-federally recognized tribes.
Physical and Cultural Geography of Tribal Lands in Pre-Treaty Times —Essential Question: How does physical geography affect Northwest tribes’ culture, economy, and where they choose to settle and trade?
Nation Within a Nation—Essential Question: What is the legal status of the tribes who negotiated or who did not enter into United States treaties?
The Treaties—Essential Question: What were the political, economic, and cultural forces that led to the treaties?
Repercussions of the Treaties—Essential Question: What are the ways in which tribes responded to the threats and outside pressure to extinguish their cultures and independence?
Enduring Cultures: People Today—Essential Question: What have local tribes done to meet the challenges of reservation life? What have these tribes, as sovereign nations, done to meet the economic and cultural needs of their tribal communities?
The Big Five By the time Washington State students leave elementary school, they will understand:
understand that over 500 independent tribal nations exist within the United States today, and that they interact with the United States, as well as each other, on a government-to-government basis;
understand tribal sovereignty is “a way that tribes govern themselves in order to keep and support their ways of life;”
understand that tribal sovereignty predates treaty times;
understand how the treaties that tribal nations entered into with the United States government limited their sovereignty; and
identify the names and locations of tribes in their area.
The Big Five By the time Washington State students leave middle school, they will understand:
that according to the US Constitution, treaties are “the supreme law of the land”; consequently treaty rights supersede most state laws;
that tribal sovereignty has cultural, political, and economic bases;
that tribes are subject to federal law and taxes, as well as some state regulations;
that tribal sovereignty is ever-evolving and therefore levels of sovereignty and status vary from tribe to tribe; and
that there were and are frequent and continued threats to tribal sovereignty that are mostly addressed through the courts.
The Funding Chart does not include in-kind and mini-grant funding sought by individual pilot districts.