Good governance final for naem


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Good governance final for naem

  1. 1. GOODGOVERNANCE CONCEPT, POLICY, PRACTICE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE A member of Bangladesh Civil Service Administration Cadre MD. SHAMSUL ARFIN, Joint Secretary to the Government of Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh. 1
  2. 2. MAIN ASPECTS Good governance as a concept Principles Main policy aspects Practical implementation Good governance - imperative for sustainable growth and welfare for the people. 2
  3. 3. The collapse of traditional Public Management Traditional public management: shortcomings in changing attitudes Monopoly power; rent seeking behaviour; inefficient public sector programmes Social problems were not addressed satisfactorily The mission was not satisfactory service 3
  4. 4. ContdA) New economic and political consencus: 1st -growth and personal welfare, 2nd –social welfarethrough government redistribution and socialprogrammes.B) Efficient private and inefficient public sectorleads to great pressure for changesThe emergence of New Public Managementconcept-mixture of market approach practices 4
  5. 5. The GG as concept and policy Main goals of the GG –increase efficiency in all government activities (value for taxpayers money) GG model: squeezing the size of government, privatazing government enterprizes; transfering the supply of public goods to private companies; introducing competition where it is possible;learning from the management of mature large companies strategic management,changeHRM, performance appraisal) GG became dominant in government management Positive outputs: government institutions really became more efficient !The companies got more space for market adjustment (deregulation). Incresing of public services have been delivered by private companies;Citizens matter more!Government management became more professional 5
  6. 6. The GG as concept and policyNegative outputs: public institutions became morecommercilized ! Many people suffered from cutting socialprogrames;The SDS kept their rents; PPP create somecorruption practices ;NGO-s were not real partners;General impression- market driven changes contributedfor more efficiency, but created dissatisfaction for manysocial groups.The gap between governments and citizens did not bridge !People were not satisfied from management of theirgovernment agencies. 6
  7. 7. The change of concept : Re-inventing government In searching the more adequate profile: governments reject the bureuacracy,but also the market ,as a main driving force for public sector management D.Osburn, T.Gaebler: Re-inventing government(1992) – the book which challenged and changed the understanding of modern government Re-thinking the old questions: what government should do, how and for whom ? Good government requires good governance. It is a managerial approach, aimed to reach efficiency, sustainable growth and better satisfaction of citizens needs 7
  8. 8. CondtGood governance combines short and medium termpolicyA) More cares and investments for solving the currentneeds of societies (job, education, health)B) coping with common society challenges (lack ofresources, ageing population, pollution, climate changes,quality of life, intensive migration and so on)Good governance adjust the changing need: technologicaladvance, openess of markets, global competition, highercitizens expectations for better life 8
  9. 9. Re-inventing government: new roles Catalytic government: steeringv(policy and regulation) rather than rowing (service delivery) ; Community-owned government: empowering for serving ; Competitive government: injecting competition into service delivery ; Mission-driven government: transformimg from rule- driven attitude ; result-oriented government: meeting the needs of the people, not the intermediary group 9
  10. 10. Decentralized government: from hierarchyto participation and teamwork ;Market-oriented governance - combinationof all new rolesGovernment vs market: government as adriving force for changes, including newopportunities for people participation insocial life and competitive atmosphere 10
  11. 11. From concept to policy: Principles of good governance Rule of law Openess and transperancy Efficiency: results should reflect mission and goals Efectiveness: inputs/outputs Citizens as a clients of government Accountability (how we used taxpayers money) Predictability and reliability Partnership with concerned parties Coherency in all government actions Principles are drawn from good practices (evidence based ) Principles are guiding rules 11
  12. 12. Good governance : main policy aspects Strategic Management: mission, vision, strategy, action plans,innovations and changes Government organizational structure (clear roles of all institutions) Bulding up capacity to manage according to the principles policy Improvement of regulatory policies for pro people Better administrative services for citizens Public-Private Partnership Human resource management E-government Innovations,identification and dissemination of good practices 12
  13. 13. From concept to practice How principles of good governance can become practice in short and medium term government actions: A) set up legal rules nd compulsory enforcement for all government actions B) launch innovations ,decribe good practices and disseminate among others (decentralized approach) International dimensions: learn best practices from advanced countries Key factors for success: A) Require strong political will B) Professional,not manipulated, administration C) Feedback from people E) Active role of stakeholders : pressure of civil society members 13
  14. 14. Good governance-tool for growth & welfare Good governance- now it is a dominant policy and practice in developed democratic countries Good governance role : though education, better regulation policy, to contribute for sustainable economic growth and social welfare of citizens Good governance : it is not fashion, it is an efective tool to manage services and to serve citizens in best way Good governance in a global context: it is a concept, policy and practice The role of government-to create harmomious society 14
  15. 15. Good governance as a wholeDealing with strengthening trust, accountability,transparency and participatory process ingovernment so that it can serve citizens moreeffectively, efficiently and responsively. 15
  16. 16. Evolutions and Changes The old public management –bureacratic style, ineffective management ↓ The new public management: market-driven approach, effective management, but social disappointments ↓ Good governance: Aimed to reach sustainable growth and public sector efficiency , as well as citizens satisfaction and social welfare 16
  17. 17. Conclusion The new, rational social ideas and concepts have led to innovative changes in government policies ; Global impact: when new practices testified its efficiency, they became guidelines for changes in other countries ; The Good Governance as a policy options is based on the concept for re-inventing government,real policy changes and number of good practices in most developed countries From the begining of 21 century we have intensive dissemination of good governance principles and practices all over the world Today, there is almost full concensus among social stakeholders: modern public management requires implementation of good governance principles Good governance is a policy approach aimed to increase public sector efficiency and citizens satisfaction from having responsible and commited government. Good governance in global context: require learning and sharing knowledge and practices among scientists, policymakers, NGO-s from many other countries. 17
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention 18