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Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)
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Habits of Mind (tabiat minda)

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Minda tabiat terbentuk melalui perkara yang kita lihat, perkataan dan gambaran yang berulang-ulang. …

Minda tabiat terbentuk melalui perkara yang kita lihat, perkataan dan gambaran yang berulang-ulang.

Habits of Mind is situational and transitory. You stop and reflect in middle of a problem, you notice how you are tackling an issue or concern, you think about the next best step and you are using your Habits of Mind. The more you use them, the more proficient you become.

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  • 1. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 2. Jelaskan semua yang anda tahu tentang ‘Habits’? AKTIVITI 1 SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 3. • Tabiat atau disebut sebagai habit atau kebiasaan dalam diri adalah suatu perkara yang dilakukan secara berterusan dalam kehidupan. • Pernah dengar tentang frasa 'sudah menjadi tabiat'? • Menjadi tabiat bermaksud sesuatu perkara itu sudah menjadi kebiasaan yang dilakukan setiap hari atau masa. Jika tidak melakukannya, mungkin seseorang itu dianggap tidak sempurna, berada dalam situasi meresahkan atau dianggap 'buang tabiat'. • Tabiat negatif; Menggigit kuku, berangan, merokok, melepak, bergosip. • Tabiat positif; Membaca Al-Quran atau buku, bangun di awal pagi untuk bersolat, tersenyum, dan sebagainya. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 4. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 5. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 6. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 7. Habits of Mind How do you know what you know? What do you think is meant by a Habit of Mind? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 8. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 9. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 10. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 11. Pada pandangan anda, apakah maksud yang paling tepat ‘Habits of Mind’ dalam bahasa melayu? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 12. Berfikiran kreatif • Adakah para cendiakawan sahaja yang berfikiran kreatif? • Adakah ia sebuah anugerah tuhan kepada seseorang? • Adakah kebijaksanaan dan kreativiti merupakan satu perkara yang berhubungkait? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 13. Tapi kenapa kita masih tidak mampu untuk berfikiran kreatif? • Kerana ia adalah tabiat yang kita pupuk daripada kecil hingga dewasa yang menghalang potensi sebenar akal fikiran sendiri. Bagaimana minda tabiat berfungsi? • Minda tabiat terbentuk melalui perkara yang kita lihat, perkataan dan gambaran yang berulang-ulang. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 14. • Kajian menunjukkan, 95% pemikiran kita dihasilkan oleh minda tabiat. Bayangkan aktiviti harian kita banyak menggunakan minda tabiat. Kita tak perlu berfikir untuk gosok gigi bila bangun pagi, kita tidak perlu berfikir nak sarungkan baju macam mana, kita tidak perlu berfikir untuk buka pili air dan lain-lain. Memang tindakan kita berlaku secara tabiat yang telah kita set dalam pemikiran kita, namun semuanya berlaku atas kawalan Allah swt. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 15. penjanaan minda akan menghasilkan tabiat positif maka ianya akan menghasilkan tingkah laku yang positif, berpandangan jauh, kreatif dan inovatif. Minda tabiat yang terjana akan dapat membuat pilihan dan keputusan terbaik Apabila berhadapan dengan situasi yang bermasalah, mereka boleh menggunakan mental disiplin (minda tabiat) untuk bertanya kepada dirinya. Tabiat positif yang dihayati dan diamalkan akan jadi satu disiplin mental iaitu minda tabiat Apakah perkara paling bijak yang saya boleh lakukan sekarang? Bagaimana minda tabiat berfungsi? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 16. • Sesungguhnya Kami telah menciptakan manusia dalam bentuk yang sebaik-baiknya (dan berkelengkapan sesuai dengan keadaannya) - At-Tin ayat 4 • Antara kejadian terhebat yang Allah ciptakan ialah otak, secara zahirnya dipanggil otak dan secara “batinnya” dipanggil minda ataupun mungkin akal. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 17. When to use the Habits of Mind? Habits of Mind is situational and transitory. You stop and reflect in middle of a problem, you notice how you are tackling an issue or concern, you think about the next best step and you are using your Habits of Mind. The more you use them, the more proficient you become. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 18. Our Students What concerns us about our child? How we would like our child to be: activity 1 SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 19. CIRI-CIRI INSAN MURID YANG DIHASRATKAN Kreatif Berupaya Membuat Hubung-kait Menyoal Bijak berkomunikasi Yakin – mengambil risiko Dahagakan ilmu Ingin tahu Menjana idea Fleksibel Tidak berputus asa Mendengar dan membuat refleksi Kritikal Berkemahiran mampu mencorak Menguasai kemahiran literasi Berani Mencuba Mampu berfikir sendiri Membuat inisiatif Mampu bekerja dengan orang lain Membuat perubahan berintegriti Berkeperibadian tinggi Semangat ‘ sentiasa boleh’ Belajar dari kesilapan Berdikari American Association of School Librarians, Standards for the 21st Century Learner, www.ala.org/ala/aasl/aaslproftools/learningstandards/standards.cfm SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 20. KENAPA ‘HABITS OF MIND?’ SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 21. “Ajarlah anak-anakmu, bukan dalam keadaan yang serupa denganmu. Didiklah dan persiapkanlah anak- anakmu untuk suatu zaman yang bukan zamanmu. Mereka akan hidup pada suatu zaman yang bukan zamanmu.” Umar bin Khattab Pesan ini menunjukkan peri pentingnya untuk kita hidup berpijak pada zaman sendiri, usah terlalu idealistik sehingga tidak realistik SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 22. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 23. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 24. • Creativity and innovation • Critical thinking and problem solving • Communication and collaboration • Flexibility and adaptability • Initiative and self-direction • Social and cross-cultural skills • Productivity and accountability • Leadership and responsibility. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 25. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 26. • Pengajaran abad ke-21 perlu berfokuskan kepada pelajar di mana pelajar perlu digalakkan untuk melibatkan diri sepenuhnya dalam proses pembelajaran dengan menyoal, berbahas, mengalami sendiri proses pembelajaran tersebut, membuat pencarian, berdaya tahan dan tekun serta tabah dalam melakukan sesuatu. Amalan di dalam kelas harus dapat melibatkan pelajar dengan kandungan pembelajaran bukannya guru sahaja menyampaikan kandungan pengajaran. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 27. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 28. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 29.  The 16 Habits of Mind, developed by Prof Art Costa and Dr Bena Kallick are the characteristics found in independent, self directing learners.  They offer a framework for learners of all ages to decide how they can behave intelligently when facing many choices, when stuck, when planning a complex task, when working collaboratively or when needing to tackle a new challenge.  They provide a framework or compass for students to refer to when needing to direct the next steps in their learning.  They remove dependency on the teacher and overtime become internalised, habituated approaches to taking the lead in one's own learning even when the way forward is not clear or is in unfamiliar territory. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 30. "Habits of Mind are the characteristics of what intelligent people do when they are confronted with problems, the resolutions of which are not immediately apparent." (Prof Art Costa) SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 31. Senaraikan 16 ‘Habits of Mind’ yang anda dapat perhatikan dalam video yang dipaparkan VIDEO 16 HABITS OF MIND SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 32. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 33. AKTIVITI 3 SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 34. 16 ‘Habits of Mind’ SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 35. Habits of Mind Change the way you interact with the world around you by changing the way you think. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 36. •Have you ever considered that you may have bad “thinking habits”? •The way we think can affect how we learn. Thinking habits SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 37. Art d”Co •A man named Art d’Costa developed the Habits of Mind. •These are 16 positive habits that you might like to try and develop to make you a better learner. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 38. So, what are they? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 39. Try another way Persisting Stick to it! Keep trying! Hang in there….. You will always meet with failure on your journey to success. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 40. Persisting Be like a postage stamp—stick to one thing until you get there. Margaret Carty I hated every minute of training, but I said, 'Don't quit. Suffer now and live the rest of your life like a champion.' Muhammad Ali If I had to select one quality, one personal characteristic that I regard as being most highly correlated with success whatever the field, I would pick the trait of persistence. Determination. The will to endure to the end, to get knocked down 70 times and get up off the floor saying, 'Here comes number 71!' Richard M. Devos SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 41. Respecting what people have to say Listening with understanding and empathy Understanding others Not interrupting Looking people in the eye when you speak to them Understanding how the other person might be feeling SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 42. I like to listen. I have learned a great deal from listening carefully Most people never listen. Ernest Hemingway Listening with understanding and empathy If you want to be listened to, you should put in time listening. Marge Piercy If there is any secret of success, it lies in the ability to get the other person’s point of view and see things from his angle as well as from your own. Henry Ford. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 43. Be aware of your thoughts Thinking about your thinking Understand how your brain works Know your knowing Know you can change your thoughts Take responsibility for your thoughts and feelings SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 44. Thinking about your thinking I thank the Lord for the brain He put in my head. Occasionally, I love to just stand to one side and watch how it works. Richard Bolles When the mind is thinking it is talking to itself Plato Learn to depend upon yourself by doing things in accordance with your own way of thinking. Grenville Kleiser SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 45. Have a plan Managing impulsivity STOP before you start Don’t rush Think before you act Look before you leap SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 46. Managing impulsivity Every minute you spend in planning saves 10 minutes in execution; this gives you a 1,000 percent return on energy! Brian Tracy, author and speaker I can give you a six word formula for success: Think things through - then follow through. Eddie Rickenbacker Take time to deliberate; but when the time for action arrives, stop thinking and go in. Andrew Jackson SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 47. Try thinking DIVERGENTLY Thinking Flexibly Consider all options Think outside the square There is usually more than one way to do things Ask…”Is this the only way”? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 48. Thinking Flexibly Nothing is more dangerous than an idea when it's the only one you've got. Alain (Emile August Chartier) It's a mighty poor mind that can only think of one way to spell a word. Andrew Jackson If you never change your mind, why have one? Edward deBono SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 49. Have a questioning mind Questioning and posing problems The question is the answer Ask more than one question Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? What if? Find problems to solve SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 50. Questioning and posing problems Judge a man by his questions rather than by his answers. Voltaire Nothing shapes our journey through life so much as the questions we ask. Greg Levoy The wise man doesn't give the right answers, he poses the right questions. Claude Levi-Strauss, businessman SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 51. Add to your knowledge Applying past knowledge Use what you already know Build on what you already know Take your understanding to a new level Transform what you already know into something new SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 52. Applying past knowledge You are today where your thoughts have brought you, you will be tomorrow where your thoughts take you. James Allen, author Learning is the ability to make sense out of something you observe based on your past experience and being able to take that observations and associate it with meaning. Ruth and Art Winter. I’ve never made a mistake. I've only learned from experience. Thomas A. Edison SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 53. Striving for accuracy Check and check again Sometimes near enough is NOT good enough Always do your best Be clear about where you are going Start with the end in mind SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 54. Striving for accuracy Every day you miss playing or practicing is one day longer it takes to be good. Ben Hogan, Golfer Measure a thousand times and cut once. Turkish Proverb It is necessary to try to surpass oneself always; this occupation ought to last as long as life. Queen Christina, of Sweden SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 55. Make POWERFUL points Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision Be CLEAR Strive for accuracy in what you say and write Concentrate on one thing at a time Don’t exaggerate or overgeneralize SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 56. Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision If you can't write your idea on the back of my calling card, you don't have a clear idea. David Belasco Wise men talk because they have something to say; fools, because they have to say something. Plato Watch your thoughts, they become words. Watch your words; they become actions. Watch your actions; they become habits. Watch your habits; they become character. Watch your character; it becomes your destiny. Frank Outlaw SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 57. Look at things from different perspectives Gathering data through all the senses Look! Listen! Touch! Taste! Smell! Know whether you are an auditory, visual or kinesthetic learner Don’t always use your eyes Trust your other senses SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 58. Gathering data through all the senses If all meanings could be adequately expressed by words, the arts of painting and music would not exist. John Dewey Tell me, and I’ll forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I’ll understand. Native American Proverb Students retain: •10% of what they read •20% of what they hear •30% of what they see •50% of what they see and hear •70% of what they say •90% of what they say and do. Sandra F. Rief How to Reach and Teach ADD/ADHD Children: SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 59. Collaborate to innovate Creating, imagining and innovating Try a different way! Think outside the square Take risks in your thinking Juxtapose different ideas to create something new SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 60. Creating, imagining and innovating To live a creative life, we must lose our fear of being wrong. Joseph Chilton Pearce Life isn't about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself. George Bernard Shaw Imagination is more important than knowledge. Albert Einstein SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 61. Look at the world with wonder Responding with wonderment and awe Be adventuresome Don’t do the same thing all the time Challenge yourself to learn new things See the world as full of amazing things SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 62. Responding with wonderment and awe Practice being excited. Bill Foster People do their best work when they are passionately engaged in what they are doing. Erie S. Raymond If you are working on something exciting that you really care about, you don't have to be pushed. The vision pulls you. Steven Jobs SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 63. Taking responsible risks Venture out! Be adventuresome Try new things constantly Live on the edge of your competence See mistakes as necessary for learning new skills SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 64. Taking responsible risks Sometimes you just have to take the leap and build your wings on the way down. Kobi Yamada The only man who never makes mistakes is the man who never does anything. Eleanor Roosevelt Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave a trail. Ralph Waldo Emerson SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 65. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN Finding humour Laugh a little Always look on the bright side Laugh at yourself See the funny side of things Find fun in the unexpected
  • 66. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 67. Finding humour You can increase your brain power three to fivefold simply by laughing and having fun before working on a problem. Doug Hal You can think best when you're happiest. Peter Thomson, Australian Golfer The most wasted day is that in which we have not laughed. Sebastien-Roch Nicolas de Chamfort SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 68. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN Thinking interdependently Work together Two heads are better than one Collaboration is creative 1 + 1 = 3 Learn from others
  • 69. Thinking interdependently Every person you meet - and everything you do in life – is an opportunity to learn something. Tom Clancy, Author It is good to rub and polish our brain against that of others. Michael De Montaigne In helping others, we shall help ourselves, for what ever good we give out completes the circle and comes back to us. Hora Edwards SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 70. Remaining open to continuous learning There is always more to learn The world is an open book No-one knows everything Learning is a life long journey Seek and ye shall find SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 71. Remaining open to continuous learning He that thinks himself the wisest is generally the least so. C.C. Colton The education of a man is never complete until he dies. Robert E. Lee Arriving at one goal is the starting point to another. John Dewey SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 72. What does it look like? • What would someone see if you were practicing a particular Habit? What does it sound like? • What would someone hear if you were practicing that Habit? What does it FEEL like? • How would you feel while you are practicing that Habit? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 73. Putting the Habits into action If you want to use the Habits of Mind to change how you think then you have to follow the four steps here. 1. Choose the Habit you want to work on. 2. What does the Habit LOOK / SOUND / FEEL LIKE? 3. Think of some BEHAVIOURS you can try that will reflect that Habit. 4. DO IT!! Only when you take action can you change your behavior. This goes for your brain as well Choose a Habit What does it look / sound / feel like? Translate into action ACT SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 74. The SKY IS THE LIMIT when you use the Habits of Mind to help unlock your learning potential. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 75. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN Some useful websites to visit Habits of Mind Institute Habits of Mind (Wikipedia) Why not join the Studyvibe Community and practice using the Habits of Mind everyday. We will help you keep on track. You will be amazed at how differently you will start seeing the world around you!! Where to from here?
  • 76. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN Start changing your Mind Habits today!!!
  • 77. Bagaimana menyesuaikan ‘Habits of Mind’ dalam kurikulum SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 78. • Banyak perubahan yang berlaku kepada kurikulum. • Kurikulum yang direkabentuk menuntut kita untuk membuat pilihan tentang apakah yang penting pada masa kini bagi membantu pelajar untuk masa depan mereka. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 79. Bagaimana menyesuaikan ‘Habits of Mind’ dalam kurikulum? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 80. Bagaimana menyesuaikan ‘Habits of Mind’ dalam kurikulum? CONTENT SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 81. THINKING TOOL. PETA PEMIKIRAN iTHINK TEKNIK PENYOALAN SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 82. 16 HABITS OF MIND (MINDA TABIAT) SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 83. VALUE (NILAI) SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 84. Bagaimana menyesuaikan ‘Habits of Mind’ dalam kurikulum? SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 85. KAND UNGA N KANDUNGAN KURIKULUM- MATEMATIK KEMAHIRAN BERFIKIR- ALAT BERFIKIR PETA PEMIKIRAN iTHINK, TEKNIK PENYOALAN MINDA TABIAT (HABIT OF MIND) NILAI SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 86. • Pelajar perlu mempelajari konsep dan pengetahuan asas sesuatu kandungan pembelajaran contohnya konsep peratus dalam matapelajaran matematik • Bagi memastikan konsep asas difahami, untuk menghayati dan mendalami pengetahuan sedia ada, alat berfikir Peta Pemikiran iTHINK diaplikasikan. Peta pemikiran dapat menggabungkan proses pembelajaran secara kognitif dan maklumat secara visual dapat dipersembahkan dalam bentuk grafik. Setiap peta pemikiran mempunyai proses pemikiran tertentu. Justeru penggunaan peta pemikiran di dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran sangat menyokong pendekatan pembelajaran berasaskan strategi di mana dalam menyelesaikan sesuatu masalah pelajar perlu memikirkan proses pemikiran tertentu seterusnya hasil pemikiran tersebut digambarkan dalam bentuk visual. Selain itu untuk melibatkan murid di dalam proses pemikiran, penyoalan adalah amat penting untuk merangsang pemikiran terutamanya pemikiran aras tinggi yang kritis dan bermakna. • Di dalam menjadikan peta pemikiran sebagai amalan dan budaya berfikir dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran, 16 TABIAT MINDA manjadi kebiasaan dalam diri dan menjadi suatu perkara yang dilakukan secara berterusan dalam kehidupan. Apabila menghadapi sesuatu masalah yang sukar dikenalpasti cara penyelesaiannya, mana- mana 16 TABIAT MINDA (HABITS OF MIND)............... They offer a framework for learners of all ages to decide how they can behave intelligently when facing many choices, when stuck, when planning a complex task, when working collaboratively or when needing to tackle a new challenge. They provide a framework or compass for students to refer to when needing to direct the next steps in their learning. They remove dependency on the teacher and overtime become internalised, habituated approaches to taking the lead in one's own learning even when the way forward is not clear or is in unfamiliar territory Prof Art Costa and Dr Bena Kallick SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 87. Peranan besar pendidikan ialah melahirkan modal insan yang seimbang seperti yang digariskan dalam Falsafah Pendidikan Negara. Nilai-nilai yang baik hasil daripada pemikiran dan penghayatan pengetahuan yang diperolehi dari kandungan pembelajaran dapat amalkan dan diplikasikan dalam kehidupan seharian dan dalam menghadapi cabaran hidup. Nilai-nilai ini menjadikan pelajar hidup dalam gembira dan harmoni dan dapat memberi sumbangan kepada masyarakat dan negara. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 88. • Pembelajaran bukan seperti menonton wayang gambar atau menonton TV. Pelajar tidak belajar jika hanya setakat duduk mendengar guru bercakap, menghafal dan menulis kembali jawapan di dalam ujian atau peperiksaan. Pelajar perlu bercakap apa yang telah dipelajari, membuat penulisan reflektif tentang apa yang telah dibelajar, membuat hubung kait dengan pengalaman-pengalaman sebelumnya serta dapat mengaplikasi pengalaman pembelajaran tersebut dalam kehidupan seharian. • Pengajaran abad ke-21 perlu berfokuskan kepada pelajar di mana pelajar perlu digalakkan untuk melibatkan diri sepenuhnya dalam proses pembelajaran dengan menyoal, berbahas, mengalami sendiri proses pembelajaran tersebut, membuat pencarian, berdaya tahan dan tekun serta tabah dalam melakukan sesuatu. • Amalan di dalam kelas harus dapat melibatkan pelajar dengan kandungan pembelajaran bukannya guru sahaja menyampaikan kandungan pengajaran. • Biasanya pelajar lebih tertarik dengan kandungan pembelajaran sekiranya maklumat dipersembahkan secara visual dan mereka lebih suka belajar bersama rakan sebaya. Untuk merealisasikan pembelajaran seperti ini, pelajar harus sentiasa berfikir. • Proses berfikir akan menjadi budaya sekiranya pelajar dan guru sentiasa mengamalkannya semasa sesi pengajaran dan pembelajaran. • 16 Minda Tabiat adalah pilihan tabiat berfikir yang membantu pelajar untuk menjana pemikiran secara kreatif dan kritis dalam menyelesaikan masalah supaya dapat bertindak dengan bijak.SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN
  • 89. SHAMSAZILA BTE SA'ABAN

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