Human Rights Violations Committed by the Syrian Regime

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Human Rights Violations Committed by the Syrian Regime

  1. 1. Human Rights Violations Committed by the Syrian Regime 15 March - 15 October LCC Media Office 11/7/2011Some of the most prominent violations committed by the Syrian Regime in the periodbetween 15 March and 15 October 2011
  2. 2. ContentsPreface......................................................................................................................................................... 4March 2011 ............................................................................................................................................... 6 Damascus .............................................................................................................................................. 6 Daraa ....................................................................................................................................................... 6April 2011 .................................................................................................................................................. 8 Daraa ....................................................................................................................................................... 8 Homs .................................................................................................................................................... 10 Storming of Talbeiseh and Rastan ............................................................................................ 10 Banyas and the events of Bayda ................................................................................................ 11 Jableh ................................................................................................................................................... 11 Damascus and its suburbs ........................................................................................................... 11 Increase in arrests and torture .................................................................................................. 12May 2011................................................................................................................................................. 15 The siege on Talbeiseh and Rastan continues ..................................................................... 15 Mass graves in Daraa ..................................................................................................................... 15 Besieging and invading Banyas ................................................................................................. 16 Damascus and its suburbs ........................................................................................................... 16 Hama .................................................................................................................................................... 16 Daraa .................................................................................................................................................... 16 Crimes against humanity in Talkalakh ................................................................................... 17 Idlib ....................................................................................................................................................... 18 Aleppo.................................................................................................................................................. 18 Brutal Torture of Detainees ........................................................................................................ 19June 2011 ................................................................................................................................................ 21 Homs .................................................................................................................................................... 21 Damascus ........................................................................................................................................... 21 Hama .................................................................................................................................................... 21 Lattakia ............................................................................................................................................... 22 Idlib ....................................................................................................................................................... 22 Daraa .................................................................................................................................................... 22 Damascus and its suburbs ........................................................................................................... 23 Homs .................................................................................................................................................... 24July 2011 ................................................................................................................................................. 26 Page 2 of 70
  3. 3. Homs .................................................................................................................................................... 26 Hama .................................................................................................................................................... 27 Damascus and its suburbs ........................................................................................................... 28 Deir Ezzor ........................................................................................................................................... 30 Homs .................................................................................................................................................... 30 Lattakia ............................................................................................................................................... 30August 2011 ........................................................................................................................................... 32 Hama .................................................................................................................................................... 32 Lattakia ............................................................................................................................................... 32 Homs .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Damascus and its suburbs ........................................................................................................... 34 Daraa .................................................................................................................................................... 34 Detainees ............................................................................................................................................ 35September 2011 ................................................................................................................................... 38 Homs .................................................................................................................................................... 38 Damascus suburbs .......................................................................................................................... 381-15 October 2011 .............................................................................................................................. 40 Homs .................................................................................................................................................... 40 Qamishli .............................................................................................................................................. 40Special Cases .......................................................................................................................................... 42 Taking revenge on the families of activists and defected soldiers............................... 42 Taking revenge on the family of the lieutenant colonel Hussein Harmoush ........... 42 Targeting doctors and medical personnel ............................................................................. 42 Death during detention ................................................................................................................. 44Bibliography........................................................................................................................................... 70 Page 3 of 70
  4. 4. PrefaceA few weeks after the collapse of the Egyptian regime, under pressure of popularrevolt, it became obvious that history is being written in the region. These changescame in ways that did not align with the intentions of the regional agingauthoritarian regimes that maintained their power and corrupted their countriesatthe expense of their own people and their basic rights to a dignified life.Despite the long years of oppression, it was obvious that many other countries werenot far from this tide of change, and demonstrations spread to include othercountries such as Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, and Syria. Those demonstrations took onvarious forms, as did the response of the respective oppressive regimes.An oppressive regime such as that of Syria has always treated the country aspersonal property. This was obvious in the year 2000, when power was inherited bythe son from the father, yet the same violent, oppressive methods continued to robthe Syrian people, prevent them from living in dignity, and prohibit them fromparticipating in shaping the fate of their country.The essence of such a regime was to work ensure, by all means possible, that allpotential solutions to the developing crisis in Syria were eliminated. In this manner,the regime made itself the only viable solution and possible replacement for itself.It was only natural for such a regime to lack the ability to adapt to change, and it wasincapable of finding practical ways out of the crisis that tired the Syrian people anddried up their resources.The demonstrations, which started concurrently in several Syrian cities in mid-March, have posed a serious challenge to the regime, and have shown a firmdisobedience in the face of a power that was always portrayed as absolute. Thuscame the decision from the regime to face the peaceful demonstrations withunprecedented brutality.The regime started by using their famous sill-reputed Security Forces, which have along history of criminal behavior. They clashed with the unarmed Syrian people,carrying out wide range of random civilian arrests regardless of the age and genderof the detainees. Even children were not spared from the brutal torture in detentionbasements; many children were returned to their families as unidentified, facelessbodies.The regime has resorted to using live bullets from day one, and has also usedmilitary helicopters to open fire on demonstrators in the city of Daraa, the birthplace of all Syrian Revolution demonstrations. All this has occurred in the midst ofmedia blackouts, where international and independent media, as well as humanrights organizations, have been denied entry into Syria to document and witness the Page 4 of 70
  5. 5. daily-committed violations, because a killer does not bring witnesses to his crimescene.When demonstrations spread across the nation, when every new funeral turned toan angry demonstration, and when every demonstrator became a potential martyr,the regime participated in raising the demands of the people to reach the downfallof the entire regime with all its people and symbols. The regime has driven thecountry and themselves to the point of no return, and their remaining in power isnow considered a grave danger to the lives of the Syrians as well as to the future ofthe nation and the region as a whole.The oppressive regime in Syria used all its military and security forces against theirunarmed people, waging open war on the crowds of peaceful demonstrators. Insome documented cases, the regime used military equipment such as helicopters,armored sea vessels, and military tanks, to bomb residential neighborhoods in manycities. This is in addition to using internationally banned weapons, such as poisongas and expanding bullets, to disperse peaceful demonstrators.Many public venues, such as cinemas, stadiums, and theaters, were turned intodetention centers in which systematic brutal torture occurred, resulting in manydeath-under-torture cases. In addition, there have been several forceddisappearance of citizens who were kidnapped for months, and disappearedcompletely thereafter.There are many documented cases of hospitals that were invaded to preventtreating the wounded; in some cases, the wounded were detained or even killed.All of the above happened during seven months of an almost complete internationalsilence, save a few shy statements by the international community that did not reachthe point of condemning those documented cases as crimes against humanity.It is unacceptable for the Arab nations, the Arab League, and the United Nations andtheir organizations to remain on an undecided weak stance. They have not beenable, so far, to adopt one serious and strong move to stop the instruments of thisregime from committing more crimes and violations against the peaceful peoplewho are merely demanding their basic rights.This hesitance and the lack of a conclusive stance is sending very negative signs tothe Syrian people, who are starting to consider this indirect participation in theongoing assault against. This also gives the regime the leeway to continue itsnihilistic approach, and provides incentives to similar regimes in the world tocommit atrocities against their own people and remain unaccountable.We now bring this file before you and expect a serious and firm stance thatacknowledges that the Syrian people are fellow humans and should treated as such;and decisive action that corresponds with the substance and basis of internationallaw, as well as the concepts of international human rights. Page 5 of 70
  6. 6. March 2011DamascusOn March 15, in response to successive calls on Facebook, the the social networkingsite, dozens participated in a demonstration in downtown Damascus, calling forfreedom. A demonstration started from in front of the Umayyad Mosque, passedthrough Hamidieh Market, and headed towards Hariqa. Security forces forcefullydispersed the demonstration and detained three young men and a young womanwho were participating in the protest.The next day, dozens of activists and families of the detained participated in apeaceful sit-in front of the headquarters of the Interior Ministry in Damascus todemand the release of prisoners of conscience and political prisoners in Syria.Security forces that were present suddenly violently attacked the sit-in and arrestedmore than 25 people, after they had been severely beaten by security forces andarmed gangs (shabiha). Among them were the opposition figure Suheir Atassi,activist Dana Jawabra, and the intellectual Tayyeb Tizini.DaraaOn March 18, demonstrations came out in the city of Daraa. As background, severalchildren had been arrested after they wrote anti-Assad slogans on their schoolwalls. Security forces opened fire on demonstrators in the city of Daraa, killingseveral of them. This instigated demonstrations over the following days, all met byrepeated campaign of firing live bullets to quell demonstrations. Soon, thedemonstrations spread to several cities in Syria, and all were met by the sameviolence.The situation escalated when security forces targeted the Omari Mosque in Daraa,where the demonstrations started and which became a field hospital for thosewounded by security forces’ bullets and gas bombs. On March 23, 58 people diedduring the invasion, which is documented. Here are some videos exposing theevidence of the Omari massacre.On March 25, demonstrators took to the streets in the city of Sanamayn whensecurity forces opened random fire; this led to many deaths and wounded. The nextday, when families went to the funerals of the martyrs, security forces opened fireon them yet again. This led to more deaths of martyrs. The number of people killedin those two days was 13. Page 6 of 70
  7. 7. The following video shows some of the victimsLattakiaSecurity forces fired bullets at peaceful demonstrators in the city of Lattakia andkilled 22 people. This video shows one martyr of Lattakia who was killed by securitybullets during a peaceful demonstration.This section of a clip shows one of the martyrs of Lattakia, who was shot by securityforces during a peaceful demonstrationBy the end of March, the number of martyrs reached 119, including only fivesoldiers. The remainders of those killed were civilians, the majority of whomwere killed in the city. They include six children, four of whom were fromHama and two from Lattakia. Martyrs of March 2011 Idlib, 1 Hasakeh, 1 Lattakia, Homs, 3 22 Daraa, 92Hundreds were arrested from several cities that witnessed peacefuldemonstrations. The following is a list of more than four hundred detainees fromthe mentioned period, which is reflected in the list via this link Page 7 of 70
  8. 8. April 2011The wave of violence by security forces and the Syrian army escalated againstpeaceful demonstrators with the expansion of these demonstrations and theirspread throughout most of the country. The month of April witnessed a massive risein the number of those killed and wounded by security forces’ gunfire.DaraaOn April 1, the people of Daraa attempted to stage a sit-in front of the governor’shouse in Daraa Al-Mahata, after many had been martyred in the past days. Thesecurity forces opened random fire on the people. As a result, many were woundedand martyred.One of those wounded in Daraa on the first of April:On the same date, security forces opened fire on demonstrators in the town of Inkhilin Daraa. Many were wounded as a result.Successive security operations in the city of Daraa were aimed at suppressing thepeaceful protests. Dozens were killed and hundreds arrested. Even medical staffwere targeted. This video shows the targeting of an ambulance resulting in thedeath of one of the emergency responders on 8-4-2011The following clip shows some of those martyred on this day:Here are some of the martyrs from the city of Izraa on Good Friday 22-4-2011:Martyrdom of the young man in the town of Nuaima in the city of Daraa 24-4-2011:The martyr Bilal Shawha in the town of Izraa, Daraa 22-4-2011: Page 8 of 70
  9. 9. The martyr Amjad Awad Al-Hussein, 22, was a student at Damascus University,Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, and a resident of the city of Sheikh Miskeen. Hewas martyred on 23-4-2011.On April 25, the Syrian army raided the city of Daraa and was reinforced by tanksand machinery. Water, electricity, telephone lines, and the Internet were cut offfrom the city. The raid resulted in the death of 25 people.Army forces also destroyed the water tank in the city the day after the raid. Securityenhancements and new military forces entered the city the next day. Bread andmedicine were forbidden from entering the city, as per the provisions of the siege,resulting in the worsening of the humanitarian situation there.Hamza Al-Bakr, a guard at the Industrial Bank in Daraa, was shot dead in Daraa andthen was burned inside one of the shops on 26-4-2011.On the 28th of the same month, Daraa was bombarded with a barrage of shells andflames, which could be seen from 15 km away. Snipers were deployed on rooftopsand fired at those who tried to save injured people in the streets or attempted toobtain food or medicine for their families.On April 29, the army and security forces committed the Massacre of Saida Bridge.They randomly opened fire at thousands of protesters who came from townssurrounding the city of Daraa. They brought with them milk and bread to break thesiege.The following video clips show clearly how security forces and the army beganfiring at the peaceful demonstrators.The martyr Abdel Muhsin Shehada Awad Abazeid, who was 83 years old:The number of victims of this massacre reached at least 91; this is the number ofverified names. In addition, hundreds of people were arrested, many of whom arestill detained. Others were killed and tortured and their bodies were handed over totheir families at a later time. Page 9 of 70
  10. 10. "The Syrian government is collectively punishing the residents of Daraa because somedemonstrators from the town dared protest against it. It would appear that thegovernment has a lot to hide, because its refusing to let Daraa residents out orindependent observers in." Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (1)HomsOn April 1, the residents of Homs went out and chanted peacefully for the fall of theregime, at which point security forced opened fire directly at demonstrators,resulting in nine martyrs. Among the martyrs were two women. The following videoshows some of the injured.On the April 18, security forces killed eleven people in Bab Sebaa. Their funeralswere conducted on the following day. Thousands of mourners attended the funeral,their lines reaching the Clock Plaza, where tens of thousands aimed to stage apeaceful sit-in. After midnight, army officers fired indiscriminately ondemonstrators, leading to the death and wounding of dozens in the massacre nowknown as the Massacre of the Clock (Plaza).In the city of Hawla, on April 12, security forces opened fire on demonstrators,resulting in the fall of nine martyrs.Storming of Talbeiseh and RastanOn April 16, several demonstrators staged a sit-in in one of the public squares in thecity of Talbeiseh. Security forces, however, attacked and fired at them, resulting inthe fall of several martyrs and wounded.The next day, military reinforcements arrived, accompanied by security forces,armed military vehicles, and heavy weaponry. The city that had held funerals for itsmartyrs the day before was besieged. Security forces, again, opened fire onmourners, leading to a number of dead and wounded.On April 29, a demonstration took place in Talbeiseh and Rastan. On that same day,dozens of Baath Party officials in Rastan announced their resignation, whichindicated a big challenge to the regime. The regime responded by meeting peacefuldemonstrators with even more force and violence, opening fire on them yet again;this resulted in more death and injuries. Page 10 of 70
  11. 11. During the month of April, the number of martyrs in Talbeiseh and Rastanreached 47.Banyas and the events of BaydaOn April 9, more than 5,000 security forces, military personnel, and armed gangs(shabiha), raided the town of Bayda and Banyas. Most of the young men of the citywere arrested and tortured in an animalistic manner, as shown in the followingclips.On April 10, 33 martyrs fell in Banyas due to security forces’ and armed thugs’(shabiha) gunfire during their raid of the city.JablehOn April 14, security forces fired randomly at mourners in a funeral in the city,resulting in the fall of 19 martyrs, whose names are confirmed.Damascus and its suburbsRaids in the city of Douma and the Damascus suburbs, which were among the first togo out in mass demonstrations, resulted in the death of dozens by security forces’bullets. Likewise, there were raids in the cities of Darayya, Moadamya in thesuburbs, and Barzeh in Damascus, in an attempt to contain the spread ofdemonstrations and the demand for the departure of the regime, which resulted inhundreds of deaths and thousands of detainees.Among the martyrs of the massacre of Douma on April 3:The following video shows one of the martyrs of Moadamya, Mouhideen Damrani,who was killed by a security force bullet on April 5.On April 22, the martyr Moataz Shaar, 22, went out after the demonstration ofHassan Mosque. After he returned to his residence in Darayya, Damascus, he joineda demonstration there. Bullets and tear gas were dispersed, and he was hit by twobullets. When his father attempted to save him, security forces stopped them at acheckpoint and tortured the father as the son bled. The martyr’s two siblings, whowere children, were also arrested.The following link contains an image of the martyr and his father, with obvious signsof torture on the father’s body. Page 11 of 70
  12. 12. Also on April 22, a young child was martyred due to a bullet to the eye in the regionof Barzeh in Damascus.Increase in arrests and tortureThere was an increase in random arrests in various cities that were experiencingdemonstrations. There were frequent reports of detainees being subjected tovarious forms of torture."Alkarama has received confirmation from Syria that 716 people were arrested duringprotests between 9 April and 2 May 2011. While Alkarama has alerted the UN humanrights procedures of this staggering figure, Syrian NGOs claim that the total number ofarrests is closer to a thousand, since protests began in mid-March 2011." Alkarama report 6-5-2011 (2)The following video clips show the security forces’ machinery torturing childrenarrested in the city of Douma during April 2011."Syrian security and intelligence services have arbitrarily detained hundreds ofprotesters across the country, subjecting them to torture and ill-treatment, since anti-government demonstrations began in mid-March 2011, Human Rights Watch saidtoday.""Many of those interviewed shortly after their release still had traces of bruises ontheir faces and heads. One, a 17-year-old, could hardly move - he needed assistancesitting down and standing up. Human Rights Watch reviewed video footage showingevidence of severe beatings on the face and arms of another child, described in thefootage as a 12-year-old from Douma, a town near Damascus." Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (3) Evidence of torture of released detainees arrested in Banyas in April 2011 Page 12 of 70
  13. 13. The testimony of one of the doctors who treated some victims in one of Banyashospitals:Today, we got around 30 cases of newly released detainees, most of whom had varioustypes of injuries, grave bruises, broken ribs, psychological trauma, broken hands,broken legs, and many attempts to break the collar bone of the patients. I have tounderline here that whoever was beating them is experienced enough to hurt thepatient and induce pain without killing him. There are double fractures in the arms,one case of a broken skull, cases of throwing up and loss of balance. This requires anMRI scan to diagnose and treat, but there is no MRI machine in the hospital.There are bruises all over the patients’ bodies, especially the chest and the back,swollen eyes and bleeding under the eye. There are traces of sexual assault andsodomizing patients with sticks. Psychological traumas are common, especially whenthere is an intentional insult for patients’ beliefs. Patients were asked: “who is yourgod” and are forced to answer: Bashar Assad (Syrian president) is my god. Local Coordination Committees in Syria (4)"Syrian security forces in at least two towns prevented medical personnel and othersfrom reaching wounded protesters on April 8, 2011, and prevented injured protestersfrom accessing hospitals, Human Rights Watch said." Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (5)This video shows abusing the body of one of the martyrs on the hands of securityforces and their thugs (shabiha):On 29 April 2011, Human Rights Council, in its exceptional 16 th meeting and instatement Number S-16/1, condemned the Syrian regime’s use of excessive forceagainst peaceful demonstrators. The council called for the regime for an immediatestop to all forms of violations and demanded that a fact-finding committee is urgentlysent to Syria to investigate those violations. Human Rights Council report S-16/1 dated 29-4-2011 (6) Page 13 of 70
  14. 14. The martyrs of the month of April reached 687 martyrs documented by name;among them are 126 military soldiers and 29 children in Daraa, Homs,Damascus suburbs, and Damascus; and six women. Martyrs of April 2011 Raqqa, 6 6 Hasakeh, Hama, 29 Swaida, 3 Aleppo, 12 Deir Ezzor, 10 Tartous, 46 Daraa, 238 Lattakia, 62 Idlib, 6 Damascus & its suburbs, 123 Homs, 145The Human Rights Violations Documenting Center in Syria has recorded 1,528 casesof detention in April 2011. All victims have been documented and their namesverified. The center also stressed that the real number is much higher. Page 14 of 70
  15. 15. May 2011The siege on Talbeiseh and Rastan continuesWhile huge demonstrations in Talbeiseh and Al Rastan continued everyday, theyreached an all-time high in the Humata Dyar Friday on May 27. The regime senthuge military reinforcements to besiege the two cities with tanks and heavymachinery, accompanied by a complete electricity blackout and water cutoff.This did not stop the people from demonstrating and calling for the downfall of theregime, which led security and army forces open live fire on these demonstrations,causing numerous casualties and leaving many wounded.The following few days witnessed heavy artillery shelling of Talbeiseh, destroyinglarge parts of the city and leaving dozens wounded and injured.Mass graves in DaraaThe siege on Daraa continuedunder security and army forces’presence. This was accompaniedby a complete communicationblackout and arrest campaigns inwhich city schools were turnedinto detention centers.This went on until May 4, whenthe army started withdrawingtheir tanks and vehicles from thecity while security checkpointsremained and the siege continued.Three mass graves were found inDaraa on May 16; many of thediscovered bodies bore the signsof brutal torture. These bodiesbelonged to people who were detained by security forces during the siege that wasimposed on the city of Daraa.One of these graves had the bodies of a full family: Abdulrazzak Abazeid, and hisfour children: Samir, Samer, Suleiman, and Mohammad. Page 15 of 70
  16. 16. Besieging and invading BanyasThe siege on Banyas, the coastal city, started around the beginning of May, whensecurity forces completely surrounded the city and closed its northern and southernentrances. At the same time, other troops entered the city to control the center,especially the main market area.On May 7, the real invasion of the city began; security forces and the armyperformed a search campaign and arrested hundreds.A nighttime demonstration of 150 women started, denouncing the siege campaign.Security forces opened fire on the women in the demonstration, killing 3 of them, asshown in the following video footage:The security operation lasted for several days and was accompanied by a completeelectricity blackout and water cutoff. Services were restored around May 11.Damascus and its suburbsOn May 9, the city of Moadamya in the Damascus suburbs was invaded after acomplete cutoff of power and cellular communications. Security and armycheckpoints were installed amid heavy and random gunfire.On May 20, Saqba city was invaded by security forces and thugs (shabiha). Cars andstores were vandalized and hundreds of civilians were detainedHamaOn May 20, Omran Aldweik was participating in a peaceful demonstration in the cityof Hama when security forces opened fire and he was shot in the leg. He fell to theground in front of the Asfour Restaurant on Asi Square Street in the Hader area.Security forces, some in civilian clothing and others in full uniform, started beatinghim brutally until he died at their hands.This video shoes how he was beaten and how he died:DaraaOn April 29, Hamza Al-Khateeb (13 years old) was arrested at an army checkpointnear Daraa, along with hundreds of others, as he was returning from Al-Jiza in anattempt to break the siege on Daraa. Page 16 of 70
  17. 17. Security forces arrested him, along with others. All traces of Hamza vanished untilMay 25,when his body, bearing the signs of brutal torture and abuse, was returnedto his parents.His genitals were also mutilated, as shown in this video:Crimes against humanity in TalkalakhOn May 14, security forces and the army started a security operation in the city ofTal Kalakh near the Lebanese border after demonstrations calling for the downfallof the Syrian regime. This security operation lasted for a week and resulted indozens of casualties. Thousands have been detained and displaced."The brutal methods used in a devastating Syrian security operation in the westerntown of Tell Kalakh may constitute crimes against humanity, Amnesty Internationalsaid today in a new report." Amnesty International report 6-7-2011 (7) Amnesty Document: "Crackdown in Syria: Terror in Tell Kalakh" (8)During this operation, dozens of martyrs fell. 35 names are documented so far.Hundreds of men, young and old, were detained and brutally tortured, which led tothe death of more than 9 people in detention. Eight of those were shot – they wereactivists in demonstrations.They were wounded when they were ordered out from one of the homes, thensoldiers took them away. Their families were called two weeks later to go to theclosest military hospital and identify the bodies of the eight men.Amnesty International’s report stated that a medical examiner who works with theorganization analyzed the photo of one of the men, Abdulrahman Abu Labdeh, andconcluded that the man was injured severely in the face, shoulders, and neck whilehe was still alive.Some of the family members of these men said they were forced to sign a documentthat says that armed gangs killed their relatives. Page 17 of 70
  18. 18. "The arrests started during the latest demonstrations on what was named "FreedomFriday" on 13 May 2011. Subsequently, the army greatly increased its presence, until ithad one division and one regiment at hand, which equals about 244 military vehicles,including tanks, armored personnel carriers, etc. Also, various supporting forces fromthe Military Security, the Political Security, the State Security, as well as the Shabeehahwere deployed. And while they were all wearing the same military uniform, wemanaged to distinguish them by the special shoes that the respective forces used."As for the crimes committed by the armed militias under the control of the regime,who came to be known under the name of Al-Shabeehah, two other Syrian refugees,Mr. M.Kh. and Mr. A.J., whom Alkarama met on 18 May 2011, stated that: "Theseunofficial and irregular forces carry out arrests of civilians, mostly of youth, as well askill protestors by shooting at them from the roofs of buildings, hospitals and evenmosques."They also added that the Shabeehah are also responsible for "the destruction and theftof peoples property, such as their jewelry", as well as for "pursuing and chasing thosewho were about to flee to north Lebanon, in order to prevent them from reaching theLebanese-Syrian border, fearing that otherwise the truth of what is happening wouldbe revealed."" Alkarama report 8-7-2011 (9)IdlibOn May 20, a massive demonstration of 10,000 people left Binnesh towards Idlib.Just before the demonstration reached the city, security forces and shabiha openedfire on demonstrators, leaving more than 50 dead and dozens wounded.AleppoAt the end of May, Dr. Sakhr Hallak from the city of Aleppo was assassinated. Dr.Hallak had visited the United States in April to attend a medical conference; he wasarrested on May 25on his way home from his Aleppo clinic.The next morning, he telephoned a friend to tell him that he was being held at asecurity branch to be interrogated about his visit to the United States, that he was ingood condition, and that he would be released soon.This friend visited Dr. Hallak in the security branch after the telephone call and toldhis family that Dr. Hallak was in good health.On May 28, Dr. Hallak’s wife called the security forces branch and was told that herhusband was on his way home. That night, the office of the medical examiner calledthe family and told them that they had a body that might belong to Dr. Hallak.When the body was examined, it became apparent that Dr. Hallak had beensubjected to severe torture and had severe head trauma. His eyes and anus weredeformed, all his ribs were broken, and there were marks from boots on his body.The cause of death was asphyxia as they could gather from the traces of a rope on Page 18 of 70
  19. 19. his fingers, probably from trying to untie the rope from his neck. There were alsotraces of handcuffs on his wrists.The following day, the body was delivered to the family. Two security service agentsstayed with the body the whole time to prevent people from taking pictures of thebody or attending the funeral. Only 200 mourners were allowed at the funeral. Thebody was transported to the cemetery in a security services car and they supervisedthe burial.Brutal Torture of DetaineesOn May 31, 2001, a “general amnesty” was announced. Hundreds of politicalprisoners were released later under this amnesty; however, thousands of protestersand activists were kept imprisoned and were subjected to the most brutal kinds oftorture. The following videos show the cases of former detainees from Idlib, Hama,and Damascus suburbs in May 2011.Kafarnubbul: Bruises and scratches on the leg and the left foot of one of the formerdetainees, who was tortured by Syrian security forces on May 5, 2011, from thetown of Kafarnubbul, Idlib province, northwest Syria.Hama: This video shows torture marks on the bodies of two former detainees fromHama city, May 6, 2011.This video shows torture marks on the bodies of three former detainees from thecity of Jisr Shughour, Idlib province, May 15, 2011.This video shows torture marks on the body of a young man from Moadamya,Damascus suburbs, May 9, 2011, after he had been detained in prison for five days.On May 30, the family of fallen hero Amir Qarah Dalli received his body. He diedunder torture after having been imprisoned on April 17, 2011 Page 19 of 70
  20. 20. On May 21, the body of the fallen hero Muhammad Masri was delivered. Masri; fromQusair, Homs, was a special-needs person (mental retardation). On May 19, he andhis 22-years old brother Omar Masri were detained. Omar saw how his brother wasbeaten and harassed. Although Masri’s family brought the security police themedical statement that proves that Muhammad suffered from mental retardation,the security police released him as a corpse.On May 30, the body of victim Amir Rakan Qurah Dali was delivered. He had beendetained on April 17, and he was killed under torture in Baba Amr, Homs.The overall number of May’s victims is 517: 75 from the military, 24 children,and 22 women. Deir Ezzor, 13 Martyrs of April 2011 Banyas, 19 Lattakia, 10 Aleppo, 5 Hasakeh, 4 Raqqa, 3 Idlib, 52 Daraa, 155 Damascus and its suburbs, 29 Hama, 23 Homs, 203 Page 20 of 70
  21. 21. June 2011HomsThe siege and shelling of the city of Rastan in Homs province continued, along withhouse raids and rampant looting of possessions, money, and gold during arrestcampaigns that detained more than 1,000 people. On June 2, the road between Al-Rastan and Talbeiseh was blocked; snipers were heavily deployed around the roadto prevent any assistance from nearby villages from getting in. A number of criticallocations were broken into, namely pharmacies, in order to cut off medical supplies.Grocery stores were emptied of food, while detergents were left untouched. Shabihaand security forces also looted shops and took away the most expensive equipment,loading it onto trucks. In addition, they fired heavily in the neighborhood of the Al-Ashtar family, causing the martyrdom of 5 people.The number of martyrs in Rastan and Talbeiseh during the month of June was morethan 40.Child and Martyr, Abdullah Juha, in the city of Rastan in Homs on June 18, 2011:DamascusOn June 2, the body of Zaher Ahmed Al-Mubayyed was handed over to his family. Hehad died under torture. Earlier, on April 28, Al-Mubayyed was arrested at thecheckpoint of Darayya-Moadamya. The 21-year-old worked in the furniturebusiness. According to his friend, who was with him that day and was not arrestedhimself; Al-Mubayyed was arrested at the checkpoint because he refused to givethem his ID card and his motorcycle [a common means of transportation in Syria].When his father demanded his release, he was told “Your son needs to bedisciplined; we will discipline him and return him to you.”They did return him, but as a dead body full of the signs of torture.HamaMassive demonstrations took place in the city of Hama on June 3, dubbed Friday ofFreedom’s Children. Security forces and shabiha confronted the demonstrationswith heavy and random gunfire, killing and wounding dozens. Besides the morethan 10 dead bodies found later, victims were killed and dumped unburied.The number of martyrs of Hama killed in June, as a result of the massacre committedon the third day of the month, was 68, including 7 children. Page 21 of 70
  22. 22. The following clips show some of the bodies of the martyrs killed on that day:LattakiaOn June 10, approximately 20 martyrs were shot dead by security forces’ bullets inAl-Raml neighborhood in Lattakia. According to physicians’ testimonies and similarto what can be seen in the following video of one of the martyrs, most of the martyrswere shot in the head with explosive bullets:The body of martyr Ismail Milish, in Al-Raml in Lattakia on June 10thIdlibOn June 11, army and security forces were heavily deployed and spread in the areaextending from Ariha to Jisr Shughour. In addition, they besieged Jisr Shughour fromthe north and the west, fired heavy machineguns, raided homes, destroyed property,and conducted a huge arrest campaign in Ariha. Security forces fired at residentsusing rifles, killing 10 victims, most of whom were shot in the head. The army firedheavily at, then stormed, the nearby village of Muhambel. Army forces firedindiscriminately at homes, killing the 50-year-old woman Khadija Mohammed AbuNaqra, who was standing on the roof of her house; and critically injuring herdaughter Khaldieh AbdulAlim. Homes were searched and damaged, despite the factthat most residents had escaped and had been displaced to Jabal Zawyeh. Of thosewho remained in the village, about 90 were arrested.Daraa15-year-old Thamer Muhammad Al-Shari lived with his family in the city of Al-Jiza inDaraa province in Syria. On April 29, he was arrested under the same circumstancesas 13-year-old Hamza Al-Khateeb [Hamza is mentioned before in this report].Thamer Al-Shari was killed under torture; his body was handed over to his familyon June 8.The following video shows the marks and signs of torture on the body of the child,Thamer Al-Shari: Page 22 of 70
  23. 23. Also, during the same month, a leaked video showed dozens of dead bodies ofmartyrs who were killed by security forces’ bullets. The bodies were piled insidelarge refrigerator cars, to be taken away later.In addition, a clip showing the martyrs of Al-Karak Mosque in Daraa was leaked. Theclip shows the martyrs surrounded by soldiers laughing and throwing weaponsaround the victims."Alkarama is concerned at the ongoing widespread violation of human rights in Syria.On 14 June 2011, we submitted a new communication regarding a further 80 peoplewho have been extra-judicially executed by the security forces, some dying undertorture to the Special Rapporteur on Extra-judicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions.Alkarama was also able to collect information regarding three individuals who diedunder torture, including two minors." Alkarama report 24-6-2011 (10)Damascus and its suburbsOn June 17, in the town of Harasta, security forces’ snipers shot demonstrators,directly targeting the heads [shoot to kill policy]:On June 21, security forces abducted two Syrian activists, Hussein Toma andMahmoud Wanousa, from the town of Hammourieh in the Damascus suburbs.Security forces ran them over while the two activists were riding a motorcycle in theeastern neighborhood of Hammourieh, at a place called Jisr Ghisrin. Security forcesthen abducted and took them away to an undisclosed location. This came afterprevious failed attempts to abduct the activists; their homes had been previouslyraided multiple times but they had not been caught.On June 23, security forces started shooting at a massive peaceful demonstration inthe city of Kesweh in the Damascus suburbs. The gunfire caused the fall of fivemartyrs, including a 14 year-old child.On the same day, security forces killed five demonstrators in the Barzeh area ofDamascus. One of them was killed in his house when he tried to prevent shabihafrom breaking into his house, fearing that they would smash and loot it. In addition,about 20 people were injured from heavy shooting by security, which also Page 23 of 70
  24. 24. surrounded Tishreen Hospital in Barzeh so that they could arrest the wounded. Thenumber of detainees exceeded 100, and they were transported in buses previouslyprepared for this purpose. Security forces also fired more than 50 teargas grenades,and smashed more than 40 civilian cars in addition to storefronts.This video also shows security forces and shabiha attacking private and publicproperties, especially in Barzeh area in Damascus:This video shows dozens of units brutally beating a number of demonstrations’detainees in the Barzeh area of Damascus; the beatings led to the death of one onJune 24.HomsOn June 24, a military security detachment started shooting at a massivedemonstration in Qusair in Homs. This led to the deaths of four people and injury of10 others, including a 10-year-old child. The wounded were rushed to the NationalHospital. Not long after they arrived at the hospital, security attacked it to kidnapthe wounded but people surrounded the hospital to protect it. They also surroundedthe security detachment to be able to transport the wounded to Lebanon. During thetransport of the martyrs, a security checkpoint, which included security and AirIntelligence personnel, started shooting at the ambulance heading to Lebanon.This video shows the security forces’ and shabiha’s process of humiliating andtorturing citizens in Baba Amr in Homs.The number of martyrs in June reached 441 including 161 military, 24 femaleand male children, and 9 women. Page 24 of 70
  25. 25. Martyrs of June 2011 Daraa, 14 Deir Ezzor, 13 Homs, 73Idlib, 143 Hama, 68 Lattakia, 36 Tartous, 4Damascus andits suburbs, 27 Page 25 of 70
  26. 26. July 2011HomsMilitary forces stormed Homs on the July 17, and began a campaign of raidinghouses, arbitrarily arresting people, and indiscriminately shooting at protestors.These activities led to many martyrs and wounded, as well as shooting at mournersat funerals of those who were killed in the next few days. Moreover, they shelled theneighborhoods of Bab Sebaa, Qusoor, Muraijeh, Adawyeh and Fakhoura. During thismonth the number of martyrs was 67 in this city only.The month of July also witnessed the assassination ofmany leading activists in Homs:On July 1, Diaa Ramez Al-Najjar, 17, was killed at theQadmous security checkpoint while he was trying tosave some of his wounded friends in the area. He wasfirst shot in the foot, then executed by security forces.On July 8, Hadi Al-Jundi (born in 1989) was alsoassassinated. He was one of the prominent activistswho first led and organized demonstrations in theneighborhoods of Dablan, Ghouta, Hamra, and MalaabStreet. Hadi was targeted by a sniper (believed to bepositioned on the roof of the National Hospital) whilehe was walking in a safe street.On July 10, Khalid Al-Afnan was also assassinated. Hewas one of the prominent leaders of demonstrations inthe neighborhoods of Deir Baalbeh and Bayyada andhe occupied a prestigious position in his family. He was targeted and killed while hewas driving his car back home; he was accompanied by his daughter. There was nodemonstration or any kind of protest in the street at the time.On July 17, several burned bodies of people kidnapped by security forces werefound.This video shows members of military security assaulting the Imam of Al-Jilanimosque in the neighborhood of Baba Amr in Homs (July 24): Page 26 of 70
  27. 27. And this video shows an old lady who was shot by the Syrian army in Rastan, Homs,on August 23:And a video showing security forces shooting at the mourners of one of the martyrsin Homs, Khaldieh, on July 19:HamaOn July 2, the shabiha and security forces stormed the city of Hama. They attackedhomes, established checkpoints, and paralyzed and cordoned off the city followingone month of peaceful demonstrations that had been attended by hundreds ofthousands. These demonstrations were the largest of their kind in the country. Thecampaign continued for several days. As a result, dozens died or were injured,hundreds were arbitrarily detained, and dozens of families took refuge in Damascusand Salamiyeh. Over the following days, the city saw waves of security forcesoperations that involved random shooting, arbitrary detention, and home raidcampaigns. All the while, the peaceful demonstrations continued.Massive demonstration in Asi square, Hama, on July 1:"Hama is the latest city to fall victim to President Bashar al-Asads security forcesdespite his promises that his government would tolerate peaceful protests, securityforces have responded to protests with the brutality thats become familiar over thepast several months." Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director at Human Rights Watch (11)Security forces stormed the city again on July 31:A video segment showing the dead body of Ghadeer Al-Jalta, 5, killed by securityforces’ gunfire in Hama on July 31:Another clip showing the body of a victim of the shelling on Hama on July 31: Page 27 of 70
  28. 28. The number of martyrs in the city reached 103 during the month of July.Damascus and its suburbsOn July 7, the town of Dumair was stormed by more than 5,000 soldiers and 40armored vehicles, including tanks. Immediately upon their arrival, they establishedcheckpoints, blocked roads, positioned snipers and machine guns in high posts, andprohibited public- and private-sector employees from going to work. At nine oclock,Major General Jamil Al-Hasan, Brigadier General Mohammad Rahmoun of the AirForce Intelligence, and a Colonel who is the Operations Commander of the55thBrigade of the Fourth Division. They asked the elders of the town to meet at themunicipal center. They said words to the effect of: (we want all those who havedemonstrated, otherwise you will see woe). The elders attempted to calm thingsdown but the response was that this is not an option, and that if the residents gatherin a demonstration ever again they will be killed. They were warned to "keep thekids and those you love away from demonstrating because orders to kill are issued."The security cordon was extended around the town by about 2 kilometers. No onewas able to get in or out. Hundreds of the town residents were arbitrarily detained.The next day, fewer army forces were deployed again, without armored vehicles.The rest of these vehicles remained at the military housing units on the outskirts ofthe city.During the same month, multiple other campaigns were undertaken. The army andsecurity forces carried out shootings, took on arbitrary detention and break-incampaigns, established military and security checkpoints, and stormed severaltowns.Examples include events in Zabadani and Kanaker on July 27. Each campaign endedwith the detention of hundreds of citizens and the injury of dozens of others. InKanaker, the army and security forces, backed by tanks and armored vehicles,surrounded the town on July 27. Water, electricity, and land communications werecut. The town was then invaded amid random gunfire, which led to several dead orinjured. Hundreds were arbitrarily detained.On July 26, the army and security forces stormed thetown of Qatana with 5,000 troops backed by about 25tanks, including 18 that belong to the RepublicanGuard. Seven tanks were stationed atop Ain Al-Sultanhill. Checkpoints were set up around the town’sperimeter and were used to fire directly at anyone whoattempted to exit the city. A mother and her 7-month-old infant were fired upon. The child, AhmadMohammad Sabboura, died while the mother was shotin the chest and mouth. Al-Hikma hospital was forcedto close and was sealed on the pretext of treating the Page 28 of 70
  29. 29. wounded without prior approval. Several nurses were detained. The wounded whowere prevented from being treated there were then moved to houses, whereessential medical care and supplies are lacking. By the time the campaign ended ithad resulted in 1,500 detainees. Living conditions were very poor; each family wasallowed one bundle of bread (8 loafs) and there was a water shortage.In Douma, demonstrations that started on July 15 were suppressed using grenadescontaining metal pellets that pepper the body and penetrate deep into the skin.In Harasta, the shabiha and security forces opened fire and threw nail bombs on July22nd.In Damascus, firing at demonstrators continued in several neighborhoods. Thefollowing video link shows live ammunition being fired at demonstrators in theQaboon neighborhood on July 15th. As a result, 12 people fell martyrs.And this video documents the beating of a protestor in Barzeh, Damascus on July15th. It resulted in his death.Army and security forces troops aiming directly at demonstrators in QaboonMartyr Ahmad Al-KhashenMartyr Mohammad Al-Sharbaji:Obituary of martyrs on July 15: Page 29 of 70
  30. 30. Deir EzzorOn July 8, Deir Ezzor was stormed.And on July 16th, the security forces opened fire randomly at demonstrators in thecity of Boukamal. Several people died or were injured as a result. The next day, armytroops, backed by tanks and heavy armored vehicles, surrounded the city but didnot descend on it.HomsOn July 28th, the shabiha and security forces burst into the home of Dr. MamounJandali and his spouse. They broke furniture, looted what they could, cursed at themand beat them sharply. This comes in retaliation to the stances of their son, theinternationally acclaimed musician Malek Jandali, who had participated in a pro-revolution demonstration in the US several days prior.LattakiaThe city saw several incidences of firing live ammunition at demonstrations inseveral areas. The following videos are but two examples of the security forces firinglive bullets in the Qunaines neighborhood on July 29. Child martyr Layal Askar, 7 years old, in Daraa city.During the month of July, the total number of martyrs was 372, including 44soldiers, 30 children, and 5 women. Page 30 of 70
  31. 31. Martyrs of July 2011 Homs, 67 Damascus and its suburbs, 69Banyas, 7 Hama, 103 Page 31 of 70
  32. 32. August 2011HamaThe security situation continued to deteriorate in the city of Hama with thestorming of the city by army tanks and the continuation of random shooting, as itappears in this video on August 5, 2011.The following video shows bodies of the number of martyrs who were victims ofshelling in Hama on August 7:This video shows the body of one of the children in Hama on August 19:LattakiaOn August 13, Syrian army forces, supported by heavy machinery and weapons,stormed the Raml Al-Janoby neighborhood. This was accompanied by heavy gunfireat homes and water tanks, and an arrest campaign that affected hundreds of youngmen. Security forces completely cut off electricity and telecommunications in thearea. Bulldozers and other heavy equipment also entered the area and demolishedsome houses and altered the main roads. The security apparatus also occupiedHurriya (Freedom) Square in the neighborhood, and started shooting at the minaretof the Mohajreen Mosque. Aaedin Camp for Palestinian Refugees; which is a roadleading to the square, was stormed, and about 5,000 Palestinians were displaced byforce when they were ordered via bullhorn to evacuate their homes.Within three days of the military operations in the neighborhood, more than 30martyrs and more than 200 wounded fell (all civilians), including women and a two-and-a-half year-old girl. The neighborhood witnessed heavy displacementsofcivilians.This video shows the camp under random shelling.This video also shows humiliating and torturing of thecitizens while storming Palestinian Raml camp inLattakia by a Brigadier in the marines. Page 32 of 70
  33. 33. Among the martyrs of Lattakia in August was the child Bara Mahmoud Qabaro (9years old). She was killed while asleep in her bed at home in the Al-Ashrafeyaneighborhood. She was hit by shrapnel of a bomb that was thrown at the house nextdoor; the shrapnel entered her heart and she died instantly.Child martyr Ola Jeblawy was shot in the eye in the Skantory area in Lattakia onAugust 14, 2011.HomsThe shelling and killing in the city of Homs and its suburbs continued, and theoutcome of the martyrs in August alone in this city were 150 martyrs.The following video shows some of the martyrs in Baba Amr in Homs on August 5:This video shows the remains of martyr Hamza Darweesh, who fell due to anarmored shell in Bab Sebaa in Homs on August 5:And a video that shows the martyrdom of two people in the Baba Amr neighborhoodin their house on August 10. Page 33 of 70
  34. 34. Homs also witnessed, this month, the assassination of the well-known activistPharmacist Jamal Fatwa in Homs Military Hospital, where he was transferred. Hehad suffered a fractured skull as a result of being tortured for three days after hisarrest by military security On August 2, 2011, from a demonstration in Al-MalaabAl-Balady.Damascus and its suburbsAnd on August 25, security and shabiha units kidnapped world-famous caricatureartist Ali Ferzat, brutally beat him, and stole the contents of his personal bag beforethrowing him on the airport road in Damascus.And field activist Samer Anwar Al-Hashash, from Irbeen in Damascus suburbs, wasassassinated in front of his wife and children while security units stormed thefamily’s house.Fahd Adnan Al-Khija (30 years old) was also martyred in Damascus suburbs inDouma, as a result of torture at the state security branch. The martyr was arrestedon July 31, 2011 by state security after he was in the Badran printing house inDouma at 4 pm. He was taken to the Al-Khateeb Branch of State Security andsuffered from convulsions. His cellmates asked prison guards to rescue him, butthey did not respond for 30 minutes. They finally they took him out of the cell fortwo hours, and then brought him back in the same condition. He died momentslater.Ghassan Al-Refaei was also martyred in Qaboon in Damascus; his body, bearing thesigns of torture, was thrown in front of his house after he had been was detained fora few days by security.In the city of Harasta, security forces and shabiha opened fire on peacefuldemonstrators in on August 19, 2011; this led to the fall of many martyrs from beingshot by security.DaraaOn August 28, which was the first day of Eid Al-Fitr, security forces opened fire on the Page 34 of 70
  35. 35. demonstrators on Harra town in Daraa, which led to the fall of many wounded andmartyrs.In the month of August the well-known activist Man Al-Odat was assassinatedduring a shooting at the funeral of martyr Malek Al-Karrad in the city of DaraaDetaineesThe detainees of this month include 22 lawyers in the city of Raqqa, for participatingin a peaceful sit-in at the headquarters of the Lawyer’s Union inside the justicepalace in Raqqa, at the invitation of “Syrian Lawyers for Freedom.”Approximately 80 students were arrested on August 19 from the University City inHoms, after it was stormed by security forces and shabiha, who beat and torturedthe students – all accused of participating in the peaceful demonstrations.The detainees in the month of August 2011 include the well-known activist GhassanYaseen, who was arrested on August 18 in the city of Aleppo. It was the second timehe had been arrested since the beginning of the revolution."At least 88 people are believed to have died in detention in Syria during five months ofbloody repression of the country’s pro-reform protests, a new Amnesty Internationalreport reveals"Amnesty International Syria researcher Neil Sammonds said:“These deaths behind bars are reaching massive proportions and appear to be anextension of the same brutal disdain for life that we are seeing daily on the streets ofSyria.The accounts of torture we have received are horrific. We believe the Syriangovernment to be systematically persecuting its own people on a vast scale." Amnesty International report 30-8-2011 (12) Amnesty Document: "Deadly detention: Deaths in custody amid popular protest in Syria" (13)This new resolution convicts again the regime of Bashar Assads use of systematicviolence against his own people and on a large scale, and the Council establishes underthis resolution an independent commission of inquiry mandated to shed light on thehuman rights situation in Syria, where the committee completes the task of fact-finding mission entrusted the task of investigating human rights violations in Syriafollowing the adoption of resolution S - 16 / 1, in last April. And in the 17th of August this mission sent to investigate facts, recorded seriousviolations by the regime of Bashar Al-Assad, including in particular: ill-treatment,enforced disappearances, arbitrary and extrajudicial executions, and torture. Page 35 of 70
  36. 36. In the wake of what the mission found of results, the Council expressed concern aboutthe seriousness of these violations that amount to crimes against humanity inaccordance with the provisions of Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the InternationalCriminal Court. Arabic report from Alkarama 23-8-2011 )11( United Nations Human Rights Council resolution S-16/1 (6) Page 36 of 70
  37. 37. The number of martyrs in the month of August reached 444 martyrs, including33 military martyrs, 39 children, and 15 women. Martyrs of Augest 2011 Lattakia, 57 Homs, 150 Hama, 60 Daraa, 40 Idlib, 42 Damascus and its suburbs, 52 Deir Ezzor, 32 Page 37 of 70
  38. 38. September 2011HomsOn September 19, security and army forces surrounded Al-Hikma Hospital next toBaba Amr neighborhood, and kidnapped about 20 wounded and sick people. Thenthey surrounded the streets leading to the neighborhood, shooting randomly athouses and water tanks before raiding neighborhood homes and arresting dozens.Detainees were held in the nearby Al-Basel Stadium, which was transformed into aprison. The operation led to the martyrdom of about 10 civilians and dozens ofwounded. All this was accompanied by a complete cutoff of communications,electricity, and water, as well as a severe shortage of food.In early September, the city of Homs also witnessed the assassination of a number oftechnical and scientific experts, including the head of thoracic surgery at theNational Hospital in Homs, the Deputy Dean of the Faculty of ArchitectureEngineering for Academic Affairs, and the Dean of the Faculty of Petro Chemistry inAl-Baath University. At the time, the regime tried to accuse the youth of therevolution of committing these assassinations. However, the revolutionary forcesstrongly denied the charges, and confirmed them as being a regime fabricationsimilar to those witnessed in the 1980s.At the end of September, security forces and army stormed the city of Rastan amidrandom shelling and heavy shooting after cutting off all communications. Securityforces and shabiha exhumed martyrs from their graves, arrested hundreds ofothers, and detained them in a cement factory and schools, which were transformedinto prisons. More than 60 people were martyred, and we have been able todocument the names of only 36 of them. The military campaign on the citycontinued until the beginning of October.Damascus suburbsOn September 11, peace activist Ghiath Matar (26 yearsold) was martyred as a result of severe torture, five daysafter he had been arrested by Air Intelligence in the cityof Darayya in Damascus suburbs. This video shows thesigns of torture on his body:In Douma on September 2, 2011, demonstrators wererepressed by live ammunition. Page 38 of 70
  39. 39. All of the mosques of the city of Douma were surrounded by security and army inthe Friday of “Unity of the Opposition” and snipers were deployed on residentialrooftops on September 23, 2011.A small town may have thousands of people who have completely lost touch since thebeginning of the events which took place in Syria. While the most reserved observersestimate that number in the range of 3000 people, others offer a number more than10,000, but it is established that both parties agree to a massive observed rise in thecases of enforced disappearances the country witnessed in recent months, as a result ofviolent repression against the civilian people.If just these numbers were troubling, the nature of this widespread systematicpractice, which included all parts of Syria, is a source of even a greater concern; whereit became that each person to get arrested now, is placed automatically in most cases,in solitary confinement for weeks or months without any contact with the outsideworld, which increases the anxiety of the families that find themselves completelyhelpless, especially as the authorities deny the occurrence of these arrests, as well asthe fact that the units responsible for these abductions, belong to different andmultiple security devices, and not to the judicial police. Arabic report from Alkarama 2-9-2011 )11(The number of the martyrs in September reached 499, including 69 militarymartyrs, 41 children, and 18 women. Martyrs of Septermber 2011 Lattakia, Aleppo, 8 Damascus and 15 its suburbs, 51 Deir Ezzor, 20 Daraa, 20 Hama, 77 Idlib, 65 Homs, 232 Page 39 of 70
  40. 40. 1-15 October 2011HomsOn October 19, the neighborhoods of Homs had an atmosphere of a real war. Thesounds of explosions from rocket-propelled grenades and nail and sound bombsechoed in all the neighborhoods. There was heavy gunfire from different kinds ofmachineguns, and Dushka and Shilka anti-aircraft, which destroyed several housesin the neighborhoods of Bab Sebaa, Nazeheen, and Karm Al-Zaitoun. Theseoperations resulted in the fall of 9 martyrs and dozens of wounded, many of them incritical condition. Security forces and shabiha prevented ambulances and the RedCrescent from providing emergency treatment to the wounded.This video shows the destruction that happened in Bab Sebaa neighborhood, andrandomly targeting houses:This video shows the effects of the violent shelling of the neighborhoods of Qusoorand Khaldieh in Homs:On October 11, the city of Rastan was stormed again by the army, which caused thedestruction of major parts of the city including Hurriya Square, in whichdemonstrators used to gather, and a number of mosques:QamishliOn October 17, Syrian Kurdish activist and leader of theKurdish Future Movement, Mashaal Temmo, wasassassinated by the Syrian regime’s shabiha. He hadsurvived an assassination attempt the previous month."Syrian protesters in Europe and the Americas have been systematically monitoredand harassed by embassy officials and others believed to be acting on behalf of theSyrian regime, Amnesty International said today in a new briefing paper.The Long Reach of the Mukhabaraat includes cases of more than 30 activists in eightcountries - Canada, Chile, France, Germany, Spain, Sweden, the UK and the USA – whosay that they have faced intimidation from embassy officials and others and that their Page 40 of 70
  41. 41. relatives in Syria have as a result, in some cases, apparently been exposed toharassment, detention and even torture." Amnesty International report 3-10-2011 (16) Amnesty Document: "The Long Reach of the Mukhabaraat " (17)"The Syrian people should not have to suffer because of political disagreements aboutthe situation in a different country. Yesterdays veto was nothing short of a betrayal ofthe Syrian people" Malcolm Smart, Amnesty Internationals MENA Director (18)The number of martyrs in the first two weeks of October reached 278 martyrs,including 94 military martyr, 14 children, and 6 women. Martyrs in the first half of October 2011 Hasakeh, 11 Idlib, 33 Lattakia, 12 Homs, 108 Aleppo, 15 Hama, 34 Daraa, 13 Tartous, 9 Deir Ezzor, 6 Damascus, 32 Page 41 of 70
  42. 42. Special CasesTaking revenge on the families of activists and defected soldiersIn the last few months, we have seen several cases of revenge being taken on thefamilies of activists involved in the revolution and defected soldiers who refused toshoot at peaceful protestors. Of these:Taking revenge on the family of the lieutenant colonel Hussein HarmoushFrom the village of Ibleen, Jabal Zawyeh, province of Idlib; who defected on June 9,2011. At first, security forces kidnapped his brother Hasan (33 years old) in June2011, and nothing is known about him. After that, security forces stormed the houseof his elder brother Muhammad (74 years old) and arrested him, his son Ahmed (30years old), and his son-in-law Muhannad (34 years old) after they shot his wife inthe shoulder and leg and kidnapped her as well. A few days later, the dead bodies ofMuhammad and Muhannad were returned; they had been tortured to death. Thefate of Ahmad and his mother is still unknown.In addition, last September, security forces kidnapped the cousins of LieutenantColonel Hussein Harmoush: Mousa (22 years old) and Hasan (18 years old). Thenext day Hasans dead body was returned; he had been executed after being brutallytortured in the Military Security Department in Idlib. A few hours, the dead body ofMousa, who had suffered the same fate, was returned.Targeting doctors and medical personnelFrequently, Syrian authorities target medical staff and hospitals as part of theirsecurity crackdown tactic for the past few months of the revolution. Nurses anddoctors are arrested if they are suspected of treating those wounded at protests.Hospitals and clinics are also raided for being suspected of treating demonstrators.Treating the wounded before notifying authorities is prohibited, as per publicsecurity directives, whether at private or public hospitals. This means an immediatedetention [of the wounded] by the security forces regardless of the dangers of theirinjury and the need for immediate medical attention.The Human Rights Violations Documentation Center recorded more than 250 casesof doctors and pharmacists being detained from their private clinics, medicalcenters, and hospitals. Furthermore, several hospitals have been raided, includingFateh Hospital in Kafarbatna and Al-Raja Hospital in Irbeen.Hourani Hospital in Hama raided on Aug 15.Fateh Hospital in Kafarbatna in Damascus suburbs raided on September 2. Page 42 of 70
  43. 43. Bab Sebaa Hospital in Homs raided on Oct 19.These strict security measures in the medical sector pushes most of the wounded toreceive treatment in their homes and with minimal medical capabilities, for fear ofbeing imprisoned[extra judicially] from hospitals or being subjected to targetedassassinations, which many of the wounded have suffered after being arrested in ahospital by security forces.Among the doctors who have been imprisoned is the young Nezar Madani fromQaboon, Damascus. He was arrested on Sunday for the second time since thebeginning of the revolution. It is noteworthy that he had been wanted by thesecurity forces for the three months prior. Additionally, Dr. Asaad Sayeh, from Babin Aleppo, and Dr. Omar Saryoul, from Douma, in the Damascus suburbs, and thechairperson of the Health Association in Douma, were targeted.On October 9, Dr. Abdelmunem Hejazi was detained in Kesweh, Damascus suburbs,after his medical office was raided by security forces. On the same day, the well-known Dr. Mohammad Fateh Halawa was imprisoned. He is the executive director ofthe private Fateh Hospital in Kafarbatna, Damascus suburbs, which had been raidedseveral times since the beginning of the revolution. He was accused of treatingwounded demonstrators.The detention of the psychiatrist Dr. Mohammad Abu Hilal, from Kesweh, hascontinued since September 26, when he was detained from the medical centerwhere he worked.The detention of Dr. Al-Qaqa Mughir from Deir Ezzor continues since August 23.Dr. Mohammad Sheikh Ibrahim from Lattakia has also been incarcerated for morethan five months; he was detained while treating the injured. He was recentlyreferred to the court system, where he has been charged with of “weakening thenational sentiment and undermining the prestige of the state.”Security sweeps on hospitals and medical personnel continue and now includenurses and pharmacists. The latest incident was the imprisonment of thepharmacist Raeef Hani Hajjar from Homs a few days ago.Amnesty International recently issued a report that highlights several cases ofattacks on medical personnel and the wounded in hospitals: Page 43 of 70
  44. 44. Death during detentionThe number of people killed in detention is 161, geographically distributed asshown in the chart below. Killed in detention Lattakia, 5 Other, 4 Hama, 8 Daraa, 30 Damascus and its suburbs, 23 Idlib, 19 Homs, 72Included among them are the victims of the Saida Bridge massacre on April 29 inDaraa province. The bodies were returned after they had been liquidated indetention. Page 44 of 70
  45. 45. Area(within City or City), or Town Name Date (within Provincial Age Comments Unit Province) Yasser was imprisoned Sept. 11, 2011. His bodyYasser Hafiz 11-10-2011 Mare Aleppo was delivered to his family ‫ياسرالحافظ‬ ‫مارع‬ Oct. 11, 2011, with marks of torture on it. Imprisoned by security after being wounded byMuhammad gunfire; died of the woundsAbdulqader Damascus by end of day. Sayigh Dumair 20 8-10-2011 suburbs ‫محمدعبد‬ ‫الضمير‬ ‫القادرالصايغ‬Muhammad Ahmad Qusoor Husaini 6-10-2011 Homs ‫القصور‬ ‫أحمد‬‫محمد الحسيني‬Sayih Hasan Detained Oct. 4, 2011. His Masri Hilfaya body was delivered to his 00-10-2011 Hama 44 ‫سايح حسن‬ ‫حلفايا‬ family on Oct. 6, 2011, and ‫المصري‬ bore the signs of torture.Muhammad Detained for a month, he Ahmad Bayyada 00-10-2011 Homs 00 died under torture in the ‫محمد‬ ‫البياضة‬ Air Force Security branch. ‫األحمد‬ Detained for over a month with his three sons, accused Talal of providing emergent care Mamduh to them. His sons are still Turjman 00-10-2011 Homs 44 imprisoned. ‫طالل ممدوح‬ ‫الترجمان‬ Detained for two days & died under torture. Muhannad Khaldieh Madarati 04-10-2011 Homs ‫الخالدية‬ ‫مهند مدراتي‬Yaseen Sadiq Imprisoned on Oct. 3, 2011; Omar Jisr Shughour his body delivered to his 04-10-2011 Idlib ‫ياسين صادق‬ ‫جسر الشغور‬ family with signs of torture ‫العمر‬ on Oct. 5 Page 45 of 70
  46. 46. Area(within City or City), or Town Name Date (within Provincial Age Comments Unit Province)Muhammad Ahmad Husain Qaryatain Forcibly disappeared on Oct 04-10-2011 Homs Rahmoun ‫القريتين‬ 3, 2011; tortured to death.‫محمد أحمد حسين‬ ‫الرحمون‬ Imprisoned Sept. 3, 2011; his body was delivered to his family with signs of Husain ‘Ali Kernaz torture on Oct. 5, 2011 Hamsho 04-10-2011 Hama ‫كرناز‬‫حسين علي حمشو‬ He was abducted /forcibly disappearedbecause he Rashid refused to shoot at Mustafa demonstrators on Oct 4, Mansur 5-10-2011 Homs 24 2011. His body--marks of ‫رشيد مصطفى‬ torture were clear on it-- ‫المنصور‬ was delivered to his family on Oct 5, 2011. Torture: He refused to detain demonstrators, soFadi Hasan shabiha (regime’s thugs) Aboud 5-10-2011 Homs 30 abducted/ forcibly‫فادي حسن عبود‬ disappeared him and tortured him to death. He was detained on Sept 15, 2011. His body, with marks Zakaryia of torture on it, wasAbdu Dhahir Kafr Uwaid delivered on Oct 4, 2011. 4-10-2011 Idlib 34 ‫زكريا عبدو‬ ‫كفرعويد‬ ‫الضاهر‬ He was detained on Sept 20, Omar 2011. It is believed that he Khulayyif died under torture. Deir Baalbeh Safuk 4-10-2011 Homs ‫ديربعلبة‬ ‫عمر خليف‬ ‫صفوك‬ Page 46 of 70
  47. 47. Area(within City or City), or Town Name Date (within Provincial Age Comments Unit Province) He was detained on Sept, 21, 2011. His body full of Abdullah excruciating torture marksFaraj Zu’aib Baba Amr was delivered to his family 3-10-2011 Homs ‫عبد هللا فرج‬ ‫بابا عمرو‬ on Oct 3-2011. ‫زعيب‬ He was detaineda few days prior to the date provided. Abdo He died under torture. His AbdulHay body was delivered on Oct. KhanShaikhoun Reem 2-10-2011 Idlib 2, 2011. ‫خانشيخون‬ ‫عبدو عبد الحي‬ ‫الريم‬ He was detained a few days prior to the date provided.Mohammad He died under torture. HisAbdulMu’in body was delivered on Oct. KhanShaikhoun Qutaini 2-10-2011 Idlib 28 2, 2011. ‫خانشيخون‬‫محمد عبد المعين‬ ‫قطيني‬ Imprisoned on Sept 30, 2011; his body wasMuhammad delivered to his family onMusa Telawi KhanShaikhoun Oct. 2, 2011 with signs of 02-10-2011 Idlib ‫محمد موسى‬ ‫خانشيخون‬ torture on it. ‫التالوي‬ Subjected to torture, he wasImad Manhal killed with a bullet to the Abu Halawa Ibta’a head. 02-10-2011 Daraa ‫عماد منهل أبو‬ ‫ابطع‬ ‫حالوة‬ He was forcibly disappeared Jabal Zawyeh –Ahmad Skaf / abducted; he was tortured 02-10-2011 Basamis Idlib 44 ‫أحمد سكاف‬ until death; his body was ‫جبل الزاوية - بسامس‬ found on Oct. 2, 2011. Page 47 of 70
  48. 48. Area(within City or City), or Town Name Date (within Provincial Age Comments Unit Province) Hassan Um Amad Husain 02-10-2011 Homs ‫أمالعمد‬ ‫حسان حسين‬ Imprisoned on Sept. 28, Ahmad 2011; his body was Raslan delivered to his family on Bayyada AbdulHay 01-10-2011 Homs Oct. 1, 2011. ‫البياضة‬‫أحمد رسالن عبد‬ ‫الحي‬ Zuhair Imprisoned on Sept. 26, Bayyada Tarabulsi 22-9-2011 Homs 34 2011, from the Bayyada ‫البياضة‬‫زهير الطرابلسي‬ neighborhood checkpoint Imprisoned after having been wounded, on Saturday, Sept. 24, 2011; his body wasAhmad Abdo Banyas delivered to his family on 22-9-2011 Tartous ‫أحمد عبدو‬ ‫بانياس‬ Sept. 28, 2011. Sheikh Muhammad Mahdi was imprisoned on Sept. 16, 2011; he died underMuhammad torture; his body wasMahdi Siyadi Hilfaya delivered to his family on 20-9-2011 Hama ‫محمد المهدي‬ ‫حلفايا‬ Sept. 26, 2011. ‫الصيادي‬ Imprisoned on Sept. 16, Yusef 2011; died under torture;Muhammad his body was delivered to HilfayaMahdi Siyadi 20-9-2011 Hama his family on Sept. 26, 2011. ‫حلفايا‬ ‫يوسف محمد‬‫المهدي الصيادي‬ Imprisoned on Sept. 16, Musa 2011; died under torture;Muhammad his body was delivered to HilfayaMahdi Siyadi 20-9-2011 Hama his family on Sept. 26, 2011. ‫حلفايا‬ ‫موسى محمد‬‫المهدي الصيادي‬ Page 48 of 70

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