Vibrations

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Vibrations

  1. 1. VIBRATIONS• Vibration is described by a back and forth movement• Examples: child playing on a swing strummed guitar string jack hammer in motion ringing alarm clock
  2. 2. • Forced vibration – Is the back and forth motion of an object initially at rest caused by an outside force.• Damping – Is the tendency of a vibrating object to lose or to dissipate its energy over time. dissipate – to use something wastefully A sustained input of energy would be required to keep the back and forth motion going.
  3. 3. • Restoring force –Is the force that slows down a vibrating object as it moves away from the equilibrium position and moves it back to the original position.• Periodic Motion –a motion that is regular and repeating
  4. 4. The Sinusoidal Nature of a Vibration
  5. 5. The data on the graph was collected by a motion detector that was capturing a history of the motion over the course of time. The key measurements that have been made are measurements of:• the time for the mass to complete a cycle, and• the maximum displacement of the mass above (or below) the resting position.• These two measurable quantities have names. We call these quantities period and amplitude.
  6. 6. Period and Frequency• The period of the objects motion is defined as the time for the object to complete one full cycle.• The frequency is defined as the number of complete cycles occurring per period of time.
  7. 7. • The frequency is the reciprocal of the period and the period is the reciprocal of the frequency. Period = 1/ frequency Frequency = 1/period
  8. 8. • period = the time for one full cycle to complete itself; i.e., seconds/cycle• frequency = the number of cycles that are completed per time; i.e., cycles/second“According to Wikipedia (and as of this writing), Tim Ahlstrom of Oconomowoc, WI holds the record for hand clapping. He is reported to have clapped his hands 793 times in 60.0 seconds.”  What is the frequency and what is the period of Mr. Ahlstroms hand clapping during this 60.0-second period?
  9. 9. Amplitude of VibrationThe amplitude is defined as the maximum displacement of an object from its resting position.The amplitude of motion is a reflection of the quantity of energy possessed by the vibrating object.

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