Late Childhood -is the stage for thedevelopment of the child’ssense of competence and industry.
♥It coincides with the child’s elementary school years enteringGrade 1 at six years and graduating from Grade 6 at twelve years.♥This is critical period for the development of his achievement motivationor need to achieve.♥Parents and teachers need to understand the child’s thinking to facilitatehis intellectual growth and development.♥Helping the child to understand and to express his emotion can lead to healthyRelationships with himself and others.♥Peers can alo influence childhood’s life.
Characteristics of Late Child- Late childhood is the period for learning the basic skills in life.- They also receives intruction from adults and older children.- He also learns from his experiences.- His peers and other significant people in his environment can influence his learning.- The school-age child learns to win recognition by being able to do things.-He can become very eager and absorbed in what he is trying to learn and do.- He takes pride and pleasure in being able to accomplish a task.- Late childhood is also the stage of the child’s initiation to roles in society.- Late childhood especially during the ages of 9 to 13 is the period for the development of personal friendship.
Developmental Task of Late Ch 1.Learn physical skills necessary for group and organized games. 2. Learn to get along with age-mates and members of his family and community. 3. Learn fundamental skills in reading,writing,and Numeracy. 4.Develop appropriate masculine or feminine social roles. 5. Learn concepts/skills neccesary for everyday living. 6.Develop a healthy self concept. 7. Develop a conscience, a sense of right and wrong values according to his culture. 8. Achieve personal independence by being able to perform life skills. 9. Learn to perform the different roles expected of him. 10. Think rationally to adjust to situations,make decisions and solve problem.
Physical Development during Late Childhood Growth trends in: ☺Height - The girls are taller until the boys catch up with them at fourteen years of age. ☺Weight -Females show a slow gain in weight during early childhood up to about eight years but by nine years the girls are just heavy as the boys. ♦Good health and good nutrition are important factors in the child’s growth and development. ♦Emotional stress or emotional tension also affect the physical development of the child.
Motor Development during Late Childhood Virgous Activities ♥Running ♥Climbing ♥Swimming ♥Bicycle riding ♥Stunting Parental Guidance -modelling,teaching,facilitating,processing of thoughts and feelings will help establish work attitudes,habits,and skills useful in the later years of the child’s development and will be a crucial factor in his success and happiness.
Intellectual Development during Late Childhood Intelligence -is a complex accumulation of knowledge,abilities and skills acquired as the individual meets, copes and interacts with his environment.Cattell -“crystalized”,intelligence -which consists of continously acquired patterns of addaption to one’s culture depending on one’s age and experience.Jean Piaget First,he empasized that intelligence is dynamic process, an activity. Second, he indicated that the nature of that process is organization and adaption. Third,in this process the operation of certain invariant functional laws, assimilation and accomodation…
Decentering - is a development of the thinking function where the child transfers what is now centered at the level of action to a mental level of assimilation. “If they always fail and feel they lack skills, they may develop inferiority or resort to other negative behavior”
People who have a sense of industry:1. Enjoy learning about new things and ideas2. Reflect a healthy balance between doing what they have in to do and what they like to do.3. Reflect strong curiosity about how and why things work the way they do.4. Enjoy experimenting with new combinations,new ideas, and arriving at new synthesis.5. Are excited by the ideas of being a producer6. Like the recognition that producing things brings and it reinforce their sense of industry.7. Develop the habit of work and completion through steady attention and perserving diligence.8. Have a sense of pride in doing at least one thing well.9. Take criticism well and use it to improve their performance.10. Tend to have a strong sense of persistence.
C. Dimension of Thinking According to “Marzano”(1988), children should be guided to develop the following Dimensions of Thinking: 1. Self-regulated thinking and creative or metacognition 2. Critical thinking and creative thinking 3. Thinking processes like concept formation,principle formation and others. 4. Core thinking skills like classification,etc 5. Knowledge and skills related to subject areas. Marzano(1992)further suggested that teachers should review their strategies of teaching and consider the following Dimensions of Learning based on the Dimensions of Thinking.
Keys to Rearing Successful Children: 1.Stimulate your child’s interest. -psychologist J. McVicker Hunt 2.Build your child’s esteem 3.Teach your child effective .social skills. 4.Control the use of television. 5.Strengthen your child’s conscience. 6.Teach your child to show love,express affection,and develop healthy attitudes toward sexuality. 7.Live in a good neighborhood 8.Set reasonable work and behavior atandards backed by appropriate discipline. 9.Teach your child skills and competencies. 10.Foster autonomy and independence: Don’t do for your children what they can do for themselves. 11.Foster a warm relationship with your child built on good communication. 12.Make home conducive to studying…
Social Development during Late Childhood According to Mead(1934) the self emerges in the process of Socialization- a process of social interaction and social activity mediated by languages. 1.The Generalized Others 2.Friendship Harry Stack Sullivan(1953)-psychiatrist who focused on theImportance of anterpersonal relations. “when I share with you,you will share back”