Pooja sharma developmental programes for women’s and children in india
CHILDREN IN INDIA
GENERAL INFORMATION :
Women and Child Development is one of the
major departments for the development of
women & children.
working for the welfare, rehabilitation and
development of women and children.
carries out women development corporation
schemes like training programmes and
financial assistance to strengthen women
main objective includes development of women
& children, protecting children from being
neglected, exploited, and delinquency,
improve health nutritional status of children and
create awareness among rural women to
improve overall living conditions.
The department has developed many
programmes for development of women’s and
children such are:-
1.I.C.D.S (Integrated Child Development
2.Balika Sameridhi Yojna
3.Kishori Shakti yojna
4.N.P.A.G (nutritional Programmes for
1.INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES
Sponsored by : State Government
Beneficiaries : Women, Children,
Other Benefits : Supplementary Nutrition, Health
Checkup, Referral services, Immunization
To promote health and nutritional status of young
children from 0 to 6 years and to provide nutrition for
children and women.
Improving mothers' feeding and caring behavior with
maternal nutrition during pregnancy and lactation.
Improving household water and sanitation.
emphasis on prevention and control of
common child diseases including acute
Target group Expectant nursing mothers.
Other women between 15 and 45 years.
Children between 0 and 6 years.
2.PRATIBHA KIRAN YOJANA
Under this scheme, run by M.P. Govt. Deptt. of
Higher Education, a girl student who has passed
Class XII with I Division, (according to merit)
from any school in the town / city of M.P. is
granted scholarship for her further studies.
This scheme is to be implemented throughout
the state of M.P. the girls should be permanent
resident of M.P.
The girls belonging to the families below poverty
line; having passed class XII with 1st Division;
girl can take the advantages of any one
There should be no break in studies at the
The process of distribution of scholarship for the
eligible girl students studying in universities or
the aided non-govt.
3.BALIKA SAMRIDHI YOJNA
launched by Govt. of India 15-8-97 .
objectives:1. change community attitudes towards the girl child at
birth and towards her mother.
2. improve enrolment and retention of girl children in
3. raise the age at marriage of girls.
4. assist the girl to undertake income generating
COMPONENTS OF BALIKA SAMRIDHI YOJNA
From the start of the scheme, the mothers of newborn
girl children were given a post delivery grant of Rs. 500/each in cash as a gift from the Government.
also provision for Annual Scholarship.
both rural and urban areas.
TARGET GROUP : girl children
belonging to families below the poverty
line , who are born on or after 15th
The benefits are restricted to two girl
children in a household.
FACILITY OF WITHDRAWAL:
scholarship can be applied premium on an
insurance policy in the name of the girl child
in Bhagyashri Balika Kalyan Bima Yojna.
also be permitted to be utilised toward
purchase of textbook or uniform for the girl
amount left after payment shall be deposited
in the account.
PAYMENT AT MATURITY:
On the girl child attaining 18 years of
age the authorities concerned to allow her to
withdraw the amount on her name.
WITHDRAWAL OF THE BENEFIT:
In the event of the girl getting married
before attaining the age of 18 years, she
shall forgo the benefit of the amount of
In the death of the girl child before attaining
the age of 18 years, the amount in her
account would be withdrawn.
FUNDS : released to the Additional Deputy
Commissioners by the Govt of India.
funds were being released to the State
4.NPAG(NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMME FOR
Started in 2005-06.
Under nourished adolescent girl(11-13 yr) and
their weight less then 35 kg.
Also for pre and lactating women.
provide free food grain to the target group.
6kg per beneficiary per month.
Operated by ICDS at
district, block, state, anganvadi.
Integrated scheme for women empowerment.
Started in 2001.
Include 650 block spread over 33 states.
Holistic empowerment of women making them aware
and economically strong.
Establishment of women SHG’s
Creation of confidence and awareness regarding
women status , health, nutrition, sanitation, legal
Strengthens the saving habits in rural
Improve excess of women to credit.
Involvement of women in local planning.
Few States take help from NGO’s.
reduction in the proportion of undernourished children in
levels of undernutrition are shockingly high in socioeconomic
groups - girls, rural areas, the poorest and scheduled tribes
and castes are the worst affected .
Child malnutrition is the result of high levels of exposure to
infection and inappropriate infant and young child feeding and
The ICDS program, while successful in many ways, has not
made a significant dent in child malnutrition. This is mostly
due to the priority that the program has placed on food
supplementation, targeting mostly children after the age of
three when malnutrition has already set in.
Growth-monitoring activities need to be
performed with greater regularity.
Involving communities ,
improve quality of service delivery
increase accountability in the system.
Inadequate worker skills,
shortage of equipment,
poor supervision and
weak monitoring and evaluation.
Community workers are overburdened, because they are
expected to provide pre-school education to four to six
year olds as well as nutrition services to all children under
six. Because of the emphasis on food supplementation
and pre-school education, most children under three
years are not targeted.
Lack of community participation.
Lack of teaching skills.