Electricity in India: Power Generation, Distribution, Sources


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Electricity in India - Sources, Distribution, Power Plants, Government Initiatives, Wind, Solar, Hydroelectric, Coal, Gas and others, Download the entire Presentation here http://www.india-reports.com/summary/electricity_in_india.aspx

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Electricity in India: Power Generation, Distribution, Sources

  1. 1. August 2009 Electricity in India
  2. 2. <ul><li>India consumes 3.4% of global energy </li></ul><ul><li>Indian power industry growing at a rapid pace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual demand is increasing by 3.6% over last 30 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surging demand from domestic and industrial sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial sector − 35.5% (2006-07) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic sector − 25.87% (2006-07) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State Electricity Boards (SEBs) are main agencies for the generation and supply of electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Private investments allowed since 1991, increased participation of private and global players </li></ul>Electricity in India Status
  3. 3. Sources of electricity generated <ul><li>Coal fuel plants − 53.3% </li></ul><ul><li>Gas power plants − 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Oil − 0.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro electric − 24.7% </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear − 2.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy sources − 7.7% </li></ul>
  4. 4. Largest coal power plants Power Plant Owner Location Total Capacity (MW) Chandrapur Maharashtra SEB Durgapur, Maharashtra 2,340 Neyveli Neyveli Lignite Corp. Ltd. Neyveli, Tamil Nadu 2,280 Vindhyachal NTPC Sidhi, Madhya Pradesh 2,260 Korba STPS NTPC Bilaspur, Chattisgarh 2,100 Ramagundam NTPC Karimnagar District, Andhra Pradesh 2,100
  5. 5. Gas power plants <ul><li>Gas-based plants, are environmentally friendly unlike coal or petroleum-based feedstock like naphtha </li></ul><ul><li>Acid rain content lower than those generated by coal-based plants </li></ul><ul><li>Deterrent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not too popular in India − almost 70% of natural gas requirements for power plants (about 114 million tonnes) are imported </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirement met through imports are through hostile territories </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Major hydroelectric plants in India Sindh Bhivpuri Khopoli Koyna Malprabha Kalindi Sharawati Jog Bhadra Idukki Kodayar Nagarjuna Sagar Tungabhadra Lower Sileru Upper Sileru Balimela Hirakud Rihand Obra Ukai Jawahar Sagar Gandhi Sagar Rana Pratap Sagar Nangal Bhakra Lower Jhelum Pong Dehar Yammuna (Stage 2) Yammuna (Stage 1 & 4) Loktak Tehri
  7. 7. Wind Power generation <ul><li>India is the fifth largest installed capacity of wind power at 9,587 MW </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts for nearly 6% of installed capacity in India </li></ul><ul><li>Additional 6,000 MW capacity will be installed by 2012 </li></ul>“ The oil price hike and climate change concerns have increased the demand of wind energy. The opportunity for renewal energy is immense with the increasing cost of fossil fuels and its diminishing supplies.” − Tulsi Tanti, Suzlon Energy CMD
  8. 8. Solar map 6.6-6.4 6.4-6.2 6.2-6.0 6.0-5.8 5.8-5.6 5.6-5.4 5.4-5.2 5.2-5.0 5.0-4.8 4.8-4.6 4.6-4.4 kWh/m 2 106 5349 Uttar Pradesh 4426 Rajasthan 39623 Gujarat 1072 Madhya Pradesh 87 Orissa 304 Andhra Pradesh 2300 289 20 Karnataka Kerala Himachal Pradesh Punjab
  9. 9. Usage of electricity (2004) Breakup by sector
  10. 10. Roadblocks <ul><li>Transmission and distribution networks are not efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Poor capacity utilization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most hydro and thermal power stations in India operate at 87% load factor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermal plants face shortage of coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear power plants operate at 50% loads due to shortage of uranium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2008, four gas-based power projects were idle for want of fuel linkage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inadequate billing, poor metering, irrational tariff structures, stolen power supply… </li></ul><ul><li>Poor financial health of the state electricity boards and slow project implementation </li></ul>In the 1990s, only 55% of total electricity generated was billed and a mere 40% was actually paid for
  11. 11. Access to electricity World Energy Outlook 2006, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Intl. Energy Agency India
  12. 12. Electricity trends in India <ul><li>By 2012, India will need another 60 to 70 GW of power, the demand would be 950,000 MW by 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>For the Indian economy to grow at 9% annually, additional capacity of 60 GW must be added every five years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires approx. US$100 billion in investment every five years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Domestic sector will cross 29% by 2011-12, industrial sector will remain almost stagnant </li></ul><ul><li>Government promise of 100% electricity to domestic users will push up consumption </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Disclaimer text </li></ul><ul><li>This PowerPoint presentation is based on data derived from reliable external sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Chillibreeze makes no representation regarding the accuracy of the data and assumptions as they have not been verified independently. </li></ul>More at http://india-reports.com/summary/electricity_in_india.aspx