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Classification of Joints
 

Classification of Joints

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An overview to help learn things by heart for the 1st year anatomy exam at Cambridge medical school.

An overview to help learn things by heart for the 1st year anatomy exam at Cambridge medical school.

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    Classification of Joints Classification of Joints Document Transcript

    • Classification of Joints Type of joint Joint - HEAD 2* Synovial Synovial Fibrous 1* cartilaginous cartilagenous (typical) (atypical*) temporomandibular + disc skull sutures sphenooccipital atlantoaxial atlantooccipital Type of joint Joint - TRUNK 2* Synovial Synovial Fibrous 1* cartilaginous cartilagenous (typical) (atypical*) intervertebral costovertebral 1st-10th costotransverse 11th 12th costotransverse costochondral 1st sternochondral 2nd-7th sternochondral sternoclavicular + disc acromioclavicular sternomanubrial xiphisternal pubic symphysis sacrococcygeal sacroiliac Type of joint Joint – UPPER LIMB 2* Synovial Synovial Fibrous 1* cartilaginous cartilagenous (typical) (atypical*) Shoulder ball & socket Elbow hinge Wrist ellipsoid, disc? Radioulnar pivot 1st carpometacarpal saddle condyloid carpometacarpal plane Interphalangeal hinge Type of joint Joint – LOWER LIMB 2* Synovial Synovial Fibrous 1* cartilaginous cartilagenous (typical) (atypical*) Hip Ball & socket Knee condyloid Sup. tibiofibular plane Inf. tibiofibular Ankle plane Subtalar – post Plane / ball & talocalcaneal socket Subtalar - ball & socket talocalcaneonavicularFibrous fibrous tissue, rather immobile1* cartilaginous hyaline cartilage2* cartilaginous fibrocartilage between layers of hyaline cartilageSynovial (typical) hyaline cartilage, synovial fluid, potentially discSynovial (atypical) fibrocartilage, synovial fluid, potentially disc C. Riedinger 2011