An easy way to learn hip muscles

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A summary for learning the muscles of the hip including their attachments, innervation, etc., without having to have too many books open. Resources: "Grey's anatomy", "Taschenatlas Anatomie", "McMinn's Clinical Atlas of Human Anatomy" and Wikipedia. Awaiting further proof-reading!

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An easy way to learn hip muscles

  1. 1. C. Riedinger ­ An easy way to learn musclesMuscles of the hip and gluteal region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piriformis gluteus  gluteus  minimus medius gluteus  maximus tensor  fascia  latae iliotibial tract
  2. 2. C. Riedinger ­ An easy way to learn musclesMuscles of the hip and gluteal region 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superior gemellus obturator internus inferior gemellus obturator externus quadratus femoris
  3. 3. C. Riedinger ­ An easy way to learn musclesMuscles of the hip and gluteal region ­ attachments ANT MED POST gluteus medius gluteus medius piriformis piriformis greater greater trochanter trochanter greater fovea trochanter obturator externus trochanteric fossa obturator externus quadratus femoris e  lin quadratus  ric in nte femoris te ha rtr . c oc re rtr st e int lesser  lesser  trochanter lesser  trochanter trochanter gluteus  maximus gluteus  minimus SUP obturator externus pi superior gemellus rif gluteus medius or obturator internus m inferior gemellus is(showing left femur)Muscles of the hip (3) location / name meaning body part origin insertion nerve supply blood supply function layer medial femoral  hip flexor, lateral  lesser trochanter of  circumflex artery, iliacus muscle from ilia hip iliac fossa femoral nerve rotation when femoral  femur iliac brnach of  shaft fractured iliolumbar artery transverse processes of  hip flexor (also of  lumbar plexus via  T12­L5 and lateral  lesser trochanter of  lumbar branch of  trunk), lateral rotation psoas major major loin muscle hip anterior branches  aspects of discs between  femur iliolumbar artery when femoral shaft  of L1­L3 nerves them fractured hip flexor, lateral  side of T12+L1 and  pectineal line and psoas minor minor loin muscle hip lumbar plexus rotation when femoral  discs  iliopectineal eminence shaft fractured

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