350787 Principles Of First Aid

18,323 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
1 Comment
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • very good !!1
    thanks
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
18,323
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
78
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
675
Comments
1
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

350787 Principles Of First Aid

  1. 1. BASIC FIRST AID
  2. 2. First Aid? <ul><li>Is the immediate assistance or treatment </li></ul><ul><li>given to someone before the arrival of </li></ul><ul><li>medical staff/ ambulance </li></ul>
  3. 3. Qualities of a first aider: <ul><li>~ Calm </li></ul><ul><li>~ Confident </li></ul><ul><li>~ Willing to offer assistance whenever necessary </li></ul><ul><li>~ Patience </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aims of a first aider: <ul><li>3 Ps: </li></ul><ul><li>3Ps </li></ul>Preserve life Prevent injuries/condition from worsening Promote recovery
  5. 5. Preserving life: <ul><li>Control bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Treat probable cause of shock </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain airway in correct position </li></ul><ul><li>Perform CPR when needed </li></ul><ul><li>(no breathing or pulse) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Prevent condition from worsening: <ul><li>Dress wound to prevent infection </li></ul><ul><li>Provide comfort to casualty </li></ul><ul><li>Place casualty in a comfortable position </li></ul>
  7. 7. Promote recovery : <ul><li>Relieve casualty from anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage confidence and trust </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to relieve pain and discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Handle casualty gently </li></ul><ul><li>Protect casualty from cold and wet </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Ambulance (SCDF): 995 </li></ul><ul><li>1777 ( Non-emergency) </li></ul><ul><li>Police number: 999 </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Brigade: 995 </li></ul>Emergency Hotlines
  9. 9. 4 levels of consciousness : <ul><li>Normal status </li></ul><ul><li>Drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>Semi – consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>Coma </li></ul>
  10. 10. Protecting yourself as a first aider <ul><li>Essential to protect yourself from injury and </li></ul><ul><li>infection </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure surroundings are safe </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from infection </li></ul><ul><li>- to prevent “cross infection” </li></ul><ul><li>( transmitting germs to a casualty or contracting </li></ul><ul><li>an infection yourself) </li></ul><ul><li>- wear gloves or wash hands before doing a dressing. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Practice of first aid: <ul><li>Assess the situation </li></ul><ul><li>Make area safe </li></ul><ul><li>Give emergency aid </li></ul><ul><li>- initial assessment </li></ul><ul><li>– Signs and symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>- ABC </li></ul><ul><li>4) Get help from others if needed </li></ul>
  12. 12. Initial Assessment <ul><li>what? </li></ul><ul><li>Brief examination of casualty  to perform checks before concluding </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>- Observe signs and symptoms </li></ul>
  13. 13. Signs and symptoms <ul><li>Signs: Details of a casualty’s condition you may </li></ul><ul><li>assess using your senses. </li></ul><ul><li>Look, listen, feel, smell </li></ul><ul><li>E.G Bleeding, Deformity, Strength or rhythm of </li></ul><ul><li>pulse, breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms: sensations that the casualty experiences </li></ul><ul><li>E.G Is there pain? What type of pain? Nausea, </li></ul><ul><li>giddiness, coldness </li></ul>
  14. 14. ABC <ul><li>A = Airway </li></ul><ul><li>Open airway </li></ul><ul><li>why? </li></ul><ul><li>B = Breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Check for breathing </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul>
  15. 16. Circulation <ul><li>Check for pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Pulse indicates the condition of the </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation </li></ul><ul><li>Full and slow </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid and fluttering / weak </li></ul><ul><li>How to check for pulse? </li></ul><ul><li>Carotid pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Wrist pulse </li></ul>

×