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Impact of Livestock Sector on Pakistan Economy
Impact of Livestock Sector on Pakistan Economy Presented by: Shakeel Roll No: STP / 08 / 03 Subject: EPI
Livestock Sector Introduction, Importance and Contribution <ul><li>Pakistan being an Agricultural based Economy has a great potential in Livestock. </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock has the share of 10.8% of Pakistan’s total GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock sector employs 35 million people and produces almost $500 million of products. </li></ul><ul><li>Vast majority is of small firms /SMEs of less then 2 hectors that maintain herds of 1 to 3 animals </li></ul>
Livestock Sector Introduction, Importance and Contribution <ul><li>Pakistan is fortunate to be the home tract of some of the finest natural breeds of livestock as compared with other regional countries. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two buffalo breeds namely, Kundi and Nili-Ravi and eight discrete breeds of cattle. </li></ul><ul><li>Breed improvement work in Pakistan has mainly revolved around artificial insemination (AI) programmes. </li></ul>
Cattle Densities Legend GLOBAL LIVESTOCK DENSITIES Map prepared by LEAD - FAO, 2002 L ivestock, E nvironment A nd D evelopment Initiative
Innovative Approaches Adopted by Government Pakistan The National strategy of Pakistan is to focuses on genetic improvement of breeds of livestock, increased development of feed and fodder resources by establishing feed mills ; eradication of diseases; state of the art slaughter houses; improved storage and processing of livestock products; access to markets and investment in infrastructure; automation of milk collection and establishing chilling and milk powder units through local dairy cooperatives , increasing efficiency, transparency, and fairness; procession and preservation of milk, and preventing spoilage; improvement in marketing of livestock and livestock products; extending credit especially to women for livestock development and for this purpose Pakistan has specified PKR 184 Million in its annual budget of 2008-2009
Innovative Approaches Adopted by Government Pakistan 1- Artificial Insemination with the world’s best breeds 2- Providing Trainings to the Local farmers regarding management and animal health. 3- Establishing Vaccine Production Centers near the most potential areas. 4- Animal Shows and Rewards
Conclusions Keeping an Eye on the fact and figures presented above we can see that Pakistan Livestock Sector has a Great potential and Contribution towards Economy . The need of the time is to educate people more and more and making them realize to take Livestock as there core business rather only keeping it as a byproduct of Agriculture. More and more incentives in shape of Tax cuts and entrust free loans should be provided to the people who perform R&D in the Sector, so that we might enjoy the full fruit of this Potential Sector.
<ul><li>References: </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank Annual Report, Pakistan Growth and Export Competitiveness, April 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fao.org/corp/statistics/en (Food and agricultural Organization, United Nations) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.finance.gov.pk/admin/images/budget/budgetbrief.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>DLPRI (Directorate of Livestock Production Research Institute) (1983-84 and Various Issues) 5th Annual Report 1983-84. Okara: Bahadur Nagar Farm. </li></ul><ul><li>Hasnain, H. U., and S. K. Shah (1985) Sahiwal Cattle of Pakistan. Islamabad: Pakistan Agricultural Research Council </li></ul><ul><li>Bhutto, M. A., M. A. Khan, and G. Ahmad (1993) Livestock Breeds of Pakistan . </li></ul><ul><li>Islamabad: Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Cooperatives (Livestock Division), Government of Pakistan. </li></ul>