Combating Terrorism


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Combating Terrorism

  1. 1. COMBATING TERRORISM Presented by: Bharat Jhalani July 2008
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction to Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Counter-terrorism techniques </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>The calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious , or economical . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Political Terrorism <ul><li>Violent criminal behavior designed primarily to generate fear in the community, or substantial segment of it, for political purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>This is seen essentially in Assam and Tripura and now in Maharashtra </li></ul><ul><li>To fulfill the demand of economic benefits for the sons and daughters of the soil. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Religious Terrorism <ul><li>Indiscriminate acts of violence against anyone who does not share their religious faith. </li></ul><ul><li>by those whose motivations are rooted in their interpretations of their religion. </li></ul><ul><li>To show exclusivity of the religion. </li></ul><ul><li>To attain saint-status in their religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: Al-Qaeda </li></ul>
  6. 6. Economical Terrorism <ul><li>Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Bihar are prime examples. </li></ul><ul><li>The economic factors include the absence of land reforms, rural unemployment, exploitation of landless labourers by land owners, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>These economic grievances and perceptions of gross social injustice have given rise to ideological terrorist groups such as the various Marxist/Maoist groups operating under different names. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Counter-Terrorism set-up <ul><li>The state police and its intelligence set-up </li></ul><ul><li>The national intelligence community </li></ul><ul><li>Physical security agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary forces </li></ul><ul><li>The Army </li></ul>
  8. 8. Global help <ul><li>Intelligence-sharing with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Regional cooperation in South Asia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Counter-terrorism techniques <ul><li>The importance of a good grievances detection, monitoring and redressal machinery so that the build-up of grievances in any community is detected in time and the political leadership alerted and advised to take prompt action to redress them </li></ul>
  10. 10. Contd. <ul><li>The importance of good, preventive human intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of timely technical intelligence , which is generally more precise than human intelligence. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Contd. <ul><li>The importance of objective and balanced analysis to avoid over-assessing the strength and capabilities of the terrorists. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Contd. <ul><li>The importance of reverse analysis so that one is trained to analyse possible scenarios not only as a good intelligence analyst, but also as an irrational terrorist. </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of prompt and co-ordinated follow-up action on well-assessed intelligence from all agencies, without allowing inter-agency jealousies and rivalries to come in the way. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Contd. <ul><li>The importance of an effective crisis management apparatus. </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of not over-projecting the personality and capabilities of terrorist leaders </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of highlighting the positive aspects of the affected community or religion to prevent the build-up of a negative image of the community or religion in the eyes of the public. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Contd. <ul><li>The importance of well-designed psychological war operations to project the terrorists for what they are -- irrational killers. </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of observing human rights during counter-terrorism operations. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>