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Combating Terrorism
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Combating Terrorism


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  • 1. COMBATING TERRORISM Presented by: Bharat Jhalani July 2008
  • 2. Contents
    • Introduction to Terrorism
    • Causes
    • Counter-terrorism techniques
  • 3. Introduction
    • The calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious , or economical .
  • 4. Political Terrorism
    • Violent criminal behavior designed primarily to generate fear in the community, or substantial segment of it, for political purposes.
    • This is seen essentially in Assam and Tripura and now in Maharashtra
    • To fulfill the demand of economic benefits for the sons and daughters of the soil.
  • 5. Religious Terrorism
    • Indiscriminate acts of violence against anyone who does not share their religious faith.
    • by those whose motivations are rooted in their interpretations of their religion.
    • To show exclusivity of the religion.
    • To attain saint-status in their religion.
    • Eg: Al-Qaeda
  • 6. Economical Terrorism
    • Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Bihar are prime examples.
    • The economic factors include the absence of land reforms, rural unemployment, exploitation of landless labourers by land owners, etc.
    • These economic grievances and perceptions of gross social injustice have given rise to ideological terrorist groups such as the various Marxist/Maoist groups operating under different names.
  • 7. Counter-Terrorism set-up
    • The state police and its intelligence set-up
    • The national intelligence community
    • Physical security agencies
    • Paramilitary forces
    • The Army
  • 8. Global help
    • Intelligence-sharing with other countries
    • Regional cooperation in South Asia
  • 9. Counter-terrorism techniques
    • The importance of a good grievances detection, monitoring and redressal machinery so that the build-up of grievances in any community is detected in time and the political leadership alerted and advised to take prompt action to redress them
  • 10. Contd.
    • The importance of good, preventive human intelligence
    • The importance of timely technical intelligence , which is generally more precise than human intelligence.
  • 11. Contd.
    • The importance of objective and balanced analysis to avoid over-assessing the strength and capabilities of the terrorists.
  • 12. Contd.
    • The importance of reverse analysis so that one is trained to analyse possible scenarios not only as a good intelligence analyst, but also as an irrational terrorist.
    • The importance of prompt and co-ordinated follow-up action on well-assessed intelligence from all agencies, without allowing inter-agency jealousies and rivalries to come in the way.
  • 13. Contd.
    • The importance of an effective crisis management apparatus.
    • The importance of not over-projecting the personality and capabilities of terrorist leaders
    • The importance of highlighting the positive aspects of the affected community or religion to prevent the build-up of a negative image of the community or religion in the eyes of the public.
  • 14. Contd.
    • The importance of well-designed psychological war operations to project the terrorists for what they are -- irrational killers.
    • The importance of observing human rights during counter-terrorism operations.
  • 15.