Mood disorders


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Mood disorders

  1. 1.  are mental health problems (depression, bipolar disorder, and mania) that affects daily activities.
  2. 2.  Neurotransmitter (a brain chemical) imbalance  Substance abuse  Life events  Inherited
  3. 3.  Depressive disorder -Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) -Dysthymia -Depressive Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (DD-NOS)  Bipolar disorder -Bipolar I -Bipolar II -Cyclothymia -Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (BD-NOS)
  4. 4.  Major Depressive Disorder: › Also known as “unipolar depression”  unipolar depression: remaining at one state of emotion › Occurs when a person has one or more cases of depression. › Could cause the person to commit suicide.
  5. 5.  Dysthymia: › Happens when a person experiences low mood for two years. › Affected people are subject to secondary episodes of major depression (known as double depression). › Not as severe as MDD
  6. 6.  Recurrent Brief Depression (DD-NOS) › Depressions occuring once a month › Episodes of depressions last for no more than two weeks.  Minor Depressive Disorder (DD-NOS) › Characterized by two symptoms of a major disorder occuring for two weeks or less.
  7. 7.  Happens when mania and depression alternates (rapidly or non-rapidly) or mix.  Also known as “manic depression”.
  8. 8.  Bipolar I › distinguished by the presence or history of one or more manic episodes or sometimes mixed episodes with or without major depressive episodes.  Bipolar II › consisting of recurrent and intermittent hypomanic and depressive episodes.
  9. 9.  Cyclothymia › Characterized by recurrent hypomanic and dysthymic episodes, without full manic episodes or full major depressive episodes.
  10. 10.  Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified › Occurs when a patient is afflicted by symptoms of bipolar disorder not qualifying for a formal bipolar disorder.
  11. 11.  Body aches  Changes in appetite  Difficulty concentrating  Difficulty sleeping  Fatigue  Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, helplessness or inadequacy  Guilt  Hostility or aggression  Irritability and mood changes  Loss of interest in daily life  Problems interacting with loved ones
  12. 12.  Abnormally high energy level  Decreased sleep  Feelings of omnipotence  Impulsive behaviors such as spending sprees  Poor judgment  Racing thoughts  Talking fast or switching conversational topics rapidly
  13. 13.  Feelings of wanting to die  Hearing voices or seeing things that do not exist  Inability to care for your basic needs  Suicidal thoughts or expression of suicidal thoughts
  14. 14. Treatments is based on:  your age, overall health, and medical history  extent of the condition  type of mood disorder  your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies  expectations for the course of the condition  your opinion or preference (note: the ff. are to be determined by a physician)
  15. 15.  antidepressant medications: effective when combined with psychotherapy in treating depression.  Psychotherapy: most often cognitive- behavioral and/or interpersonal therapy that is focused on changing the individual's distorted views of themselves and the environment around them, working through difficult relationships, and identifying stressors in the environment and how to avoid them.  family therapy: since the family plays a vital support role