Strok / Serangan Angin Ahmar


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Sedikit maklumat tentang strok, simtom atau tanda2 kedatangannya dan cara mengatasinya. Sediakan payong sebelum hujan. OK.

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Strok / Serangan Angin Ahmar

  1. 1. Stroke Prepared by United Company Physician Tel : 03-359-5024
  2. 2. !Stroke is a brain attack Stroke is a cutting off vital blood and oxygen to the brain cells that control everything you do - from speaking, to walking, to breathing.
  3. 3. Most strokes occur when arteries are blocked by blood clots or by the gradual build-up of plaque and other fatty deposits. Some strokes can be caused by arteries rupturing when weak spots on the blood vessel wall break.
  4. 4. StrokeStroke is the third most common cause of death in developed countries. It is higher in black African than in Caucasian, more common in males and uncommon below the age of 40 years.
  5. 5. Reducing RiskEveryone has some stroke risk. A few stroke risk factors are beyond your control, such as being over age 55, being a male, being an African-American, having diabetes, and having a family history of stroke.
  6. 6. :Medical stroke risk factors include Previous stroke, previous episode of transient ischemic attack or “TIA,” high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, atrial fibrillation and carotid artery disease. These medical risk factors can be controlled.
  7. 7. :Lifestyle stroke risk factors include Smoking, being overweight and drinking too much alcohol. You can control these lifestyle risk factors by quitting smoking, exercising regularly, watching what and how much you eat and limiting alcohol consumption.
  8. 8. National Stroke Association’sStroke Prevention Guidelines Know your blood pressure Find out if you have atrial fibrillation If you smoke, stop If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation Know your cholesterol number Control your diabetes .
  9. 9.  Include exercise in the activities you enjoy in your daily routine. Enjoy a lower sodium (salt), lower fat diet. Ask your doctor if you have circulation problems . If so, work with your doctor to control them. If you have any stroke symptoms, seek immediate medical attention
  10. 10. Recognizing SymptomsLearning them and knowing what to do when they occur could save your life.Common stroke symptoms include :  Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg especially on one side of the body  Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding  Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  11. 11.  Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination Sudden severe headache with no known cause.Call 997 if you see or have any .of these symptoms
  12. 12. Treatment can be more.effective if given quickly Every minute counts!
  13. 13. Other Important but less common stroke symptoms :Include Sudden nausea, fever and vomiting distinguished from a viral illness by the speed of onset (minutes or hours vs. several days) Brief loss of consciousness or period of decreased consciousness (fainting, confusion, convulsions or coma)
  14. 14. Following yourdoctor’s ordersof medicationand treatmentcan help reduceyour risk ofhaving a stroke
  15. 15. Changing the Perception of Stroke MYTH REALITYStroke is unpreventable Stroke is largely preventableStroke cannot be treated Stroke requires emergency treatmentStroke only strikes the elderly Stroke can happen to anyoneStroke happens to the heart Stroke is a "Brain Attack"Stroke recovery only happens Stroke recovery continuesfor a few months following a throughout lifestroke
  16. 16. Sometimes symptoms of a stroke aredifficult to identify. Unfortunately, thelack of awareness spells disaster. Thestroke victim may suffer brain damagewhen people nearby fail to recognizethe symptoms of a stroke.
  17. 17. Now doctors say a bystander canrecognize a stroke by asking three simple questions:  Ask the individual to smile.  Ask him or her to raise both arms.  Ask the person to speak a simple sentence.
  18. 18. If he or she has trouble with any ofthese tasks, call 997 immediatelyand describe the symptoms to thedispatcher.After discovering that a group of non-medicalvolunteers could identify facial weakness, armweakness and speech problems, researchersurged the general public to learn the threequestions.
  19. 19. They presented their conclusions at theAmerican Stroke Associations annual meetinglast February.Widespread use of this test could result inprompt diagnosis andtreatment of the stroke and prevent braindamage.
  20. 20. A cardiologist says if everyone whogets this e-mail sends it to 10 people;you can bet that at least one life will besaved.Tell as many people as possible aboutthis. It could save their lives!
  21. 21. Rehabilitation TherapyAccording to the National Stroke Association: 10% of stroke survivors recover almost completely 25% recover with minor impairments 40% experience moderate to severe impairments that require special care
  22. 22.  10% require care in a nursing home or other long-term facility 15% die shortly after the stroke 14% (approximate) of stroke survivors experience a second stroke in the first year following a stroke.
  23. 23. :Successful rehabilitation depends on  Amount of damage to the brain  Skill on the part of the rehabilitation team  Cooperation of family and friends. Caring family/friends can be one of the most important factors in rehabilitation  Timing of rehabilitation - the earlier it begins the more likely survivors are to regain lost abilities and skills
  24. 24. …RememberYour doctor is the single best source of information regarding your health.Please consult your doctor if you have any questions about your health or your medication.