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Landscaping Architecture

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  • 1. TITLE : BASICS OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE For All Students of ………….. ARCHITECTURE INTERIOR DESIGN AND DECORATION LAND SCAPING ARHCITECTS SUSTAINABLE BUIDLING DESIGNERS GREEN ROOF DESIGNERS & ARCHITECTS Edited and Compiled by: SHAIKH JAVED ALAM TOTAL FACILITIES MANAGEMENT SERVICES PAGE : 01
  • 2. LandscapeLandscape :Landscape (Definition) • An expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view. • A section or expanse of rural scenery, usually extensive, that can be seen from a single viewpoint. PAGE : 02
  • 3. LandscapeLandscape (Definition) :• An expanse ofscenery that canbe seen in asingle view.• A section orexpanse of ruralscenery, usuallyextensive, thatcan be seen froma singleviewpoint. PAGE : 03
  • 4. LandscapingLandscaping (Definition) : Landscaping : is the development of outdoor space to provide various amenities - privacy, comfort, beauty and ease of maintenance. It may involve : lawns, shrubs, trees, plants and flowers, structures such as seating, pools, rock gardens, trellises or pergolas, and paved surfaces.Landscaping Definition by FMpedia. PAGE : 04
  • 5. LandscapingLandscaping (Definition) :Landscaping ;refers to any activity thatmodifies the visible featuresof an area of land, includingnature, natural, humanelements.Living elements,such as flora or fauna; orwhat is commonly referredto as gardening;Natural elements such aslandforms, terrain shape andelevation, or bodies of water;Human elements such asstructures, buildings, fencesor other material objectscreated and/or installed byhumans;Abstract elements such asthe weather and lightingconditions.Landscaping Definition by Wikipedia. PAGE : 05
  • 6. LandscapingLandscaping (Definition) Landscaping is the development and modification of visible features of an expanse of land or space enhancing the various amenities of the entire property ,land and estate, by utilizing and involving nature, natural and human elements.(Total FMS) As it is clear from all the definition that Landscaping is both science and art, and requires good observation and design skills. Hence the knowledge and understanding of the elements of nature and construction(human elements)to blends them accordingly is very essential for Landscape Architects and landscapers.Landscaping Definition by Total FMS. PAGE : 06
  • 7. LandscapingLandscaping : Elements/Component (Soft and Hard components) The elements used in landscaping are described below, Living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly referred to as gardening, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of creating a beautiful environment within the landscape. Natural elements such as landforms, terrain shape and elevation, or bodies of water; Human elements such as structures, buildings, fences or other material objects created and/or installed by humans; and Abstract elements such as the weather and lighting conditions. PAGE : 07
  • 8. LandscapingLandscaping : Soft LandscapingThe term soft landscape;is used by practitioners oflandscape design, landscapearchitecture, and garden design;and gardeners to describe thevegetative materials which are usedto improve a landscape by design.The corresponding term hardlandscape is used to describeconstruction materials.The range of soft landscapematerials includes each layer of theecological sequence: aquatic plants,semi-aquatic plants, field layerplants (including grasses andherbaceous plants) shrubs andtrees. PAGE : 08
  • 9. LandscapingLandscaping : Hard & Soft LandscapingHard Landscape :The term hard landscape is used bypractitioners of landscape architecture andgarden design to describe the constructionmaterials which are used to improve alandscape by design.The corresponding term soft landscapematerials is used to describe plantmaterials. A wide range of hard landscape materialscan be used, such as brick, gravel, rock orstone, concrete, timber, bitumen, glass,metals, etc. Hard landscape can alsodescribe outdoor furniture and otherlandscape products. PAGE : 09
  • 10. Landscape ArchitectureLandscape Architecture (Definition:1)LandscapeArchitecture;is the design of outdoorpublic areas,landmarks, andstructures to achieveenvironmental, social-behavioral, or aestheticoutcomes.It involves thesystematicinvestigation ofexisting social,ecological, andgeological conditionsand processes in thelandscape, and thedesign of interventionsthat will produce thedesired outcome. PAGE : 10
  • 11. Landscape ArchitectureLandscape Architecture (Definition:2)Landscape Architecture :The art of arranging ormodifying the features of alandscape, an urban area,etc., for aesthetic or practicalreasons.Landscape architecture is amulti-disciplinary field,incorporating aspects of:Botany,Horticulture,Fine arts & Architecture,Industrial design,GeologyEarth sciences,Environmental psychology,Geography, andEcology. PAGE : 11
  • 12. Landscape ArchitectureLandscape Architecture : Different involved AspectsHorticulture :It also includes relatedservices in• Plant conservation• Landscape restoration;• Landscape and garden design /construction / maintenance,• Horticultural therapy, and much more.This range of food,medicinal,environmental, andsocial products andservices are allfundamental todeveloping andmaintaining humanhealth and well-being. PAGE : 12
  • 13. Landscape ArchitectureLandscape Architecture : Different involved AspectsHorticulture: is thescience, technology andbusiness involved inintensive plant cultivationfor human use.It ispracticed from theindividual level in agarden up to the activitiesof a multinationalcorporation. It is verydiverse in its activities,incorporating plants for1.Food such asFruits, vegetables,mushrooms, culinaryherbs and,2. Non-food cropsFlower, Trees ,Shrubs,Turf-grass, Hops, Grapes,Medicinal Herbs. PAGE : 13
  • 14. Landscape ArchitectureLandscaping : Horticulture : Botany Botany, plant science(s), or plant biology a discipline of biology, is the science of plant life. Traditionally, the science included the study of fungi, algae, and viruses. A person engaged in the study of botany is called a botanist. Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines including structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, chemical properties, and evolutionary relationships among taxonomic groups. PAGE : 14
  • 15. Landscape ArchitectureLandscape Architecture : ScopeThe scope of the LandscapingArchitectural professionincludes;• Urban design;• Site planning;• Storm water management;• Town or urban planning;• Environmental restoration;• Parks and recreation planning;• Visual resource management;• Green infrastructure planning and provision;• Private estate and residence landscape• Master planning and design;• All at varying scales of design, planning and management. PAGE : 15
  • 16. Landscape ArchitectureLandscape : Landscaping : Scopes : Urban Design Urban design is the process of designing and shaping cities, towns and villages. Whereas architecture focuses on individual buildings. Urban design address the larger scale of groups of buildings, of streets and public spaces, whole neighborhoods and districts, and entire cities, to make urban areas functional, attractive, and sustainable. Urban design is an inter-disciplinary subject that unites all the built environment professions, including urban planning, landscape architecture, architecture, civil and municipal engineering. It is common for professionals in all these disciplines to practice in urban design. In more recent times different strands of urban design have emerged such as landscapeurbanism PAGE : 16
  • 17. Landscape ArchitectureLandscaping : Scope : Storm water managementStorm water:Storm water is thewater thatoriginates duringprecipitationevents. Stormwater that does notsoak into theground becomessurface runoff,which either flowsdirectly intosurface waterwaysor is channeledinto storm sewers,which eventuallydischarge tosurface waters. PAGE : 17
  • 18. Landscape ArchitectureLandscaping : Scope : Storm water management Storm water management: Storm water management on developed sites utilize a variety of non-structural (source control methods) storm water best management practices (BMPs)all of which can be used to intercept, retain and infiltrate local runoff and storm water that originates on the site. During site design and planning for any development or redevelopment of property it is possible to define where storm water is coming from, how much storm water is expected and how to manage that storm water. PAGE : 18
  • 19. Landscape ArchitectureLandscaping : Scope : Energy-efficient LandscapingEnergy-efficientlandscapingis a type oflandscaping designedfor the purpose ofconserving energy.There is a distinctionbetween the embeddedenergy of materialsand constructing thelandscape, and theenergy consumed bythe maintenance andoperations of alandscape. PAGE : 19
  • 20. Landscape ArchitectureEnergy-efficient Landscaping : TechniquesEnergy-efficientlandscaping designTechniques include:1.Planting trees;Planting trees for thepurpose of providing shade,which reduces cooling costs.2.Planting Windbreaks;Planting or buildingwindbreaks to slow windsnear buildings, whichreduces heat loss.3. Wall sheltering;Wall sheltering, whereshrubbery or vines are usedto create a windbreakdirectly against a wall.landforms as windbreaks PAGE : 20
  • 21. Landscape ArchitectureEnergy-efficient Landscaping : TechniquesA green roof or living roof :is a roof of a building that ispartially or completely coveredwith vegetation and a growingmedium, planted over awaterproofing membrane. Itmay also include additionallayers such as a root barrier anddrainage and irrigation systems,that cool buildings with extrathermal mass andevapotranspiration.Green roofs serve severalpurposes for a building, such asabsorbing rainwater, providinginsulation, creating a habitat forwildlife, and helping to lowerurban air temperatures andmitigate the heat island effect. PAGE : 21
  • 22. Landscape ArchitectureEnergy-efficient Landscaping : TechniquesThere are two types ofgreen roofs based onthe depth of growingmedium :An intensive roofs,which are thicker andhas more than sixinches of growingmedium and tends tohave greater plantvariety and diversity,as well as higherweight(heavier), andrequires moremaintenance. PAGE : 22
  • 23. Landscape ArchitectureEnergy-efficient Landscaping : TechniquesAn extensive roofs, whichare covered in a lightlayer of vegetation andare lighter than anintensive green roof.No single type of greenroof works for allbuildings, climates andclient needs. Green roofsare categorized as"intensive" or "extensive,"based on the depth ofgrowing medium. Anextensive roof has 6inches or less of growingmedium. It also has lowerweight, plant diversity,costs andMaintenance. PAGE : 23
  • 24. Landscape ArchitectureEnergy-efficient Landscaping : Techniques4. Earth sheltering;Earth sheltering and positioningbuildings to take advantage ofnatural5.Reducing the heat island effectwith pervious paving, high albedopaving, shade, and minimizingpaved areas.Site lighting with full cut offfixtures, light level sensors, andhigh efficiency fixtures.Container gardens on roofs, whereplants are maintained in pots, arenot generally considered to betrue green roofs, although this isdebated. Rooftop ponds areanother form of green roofs whichare used to treat grey water. PAGE : 24
  • 25. Landscape ArchitectureLandscaping : Site planA site planis an architectural plan,landscape architecture document,and a detailed engineering drawingof proposed improvements to agiven lot.A site plan "usually shows abuilding footprint, travel ways,parking, drainage facilities,sanitary sewer lines, water lines,trails, lighting, and landscapingand garden elements".Such a plan of a site is a "graphicrepresentation of the arrangementof buildings, parking, drives,landscaping and any otherstructure that is part of adevelopment project". PAGE : 25
  • 26. Landscape ArchitectLandscaping : Scope and Field of Actions…….Landscape Architect :A practitioner in the profession of landscape architecture is called a landscape architect.The activities of a landscape architect can range from the creation of public parks and parkways tosite planning for campuses and corporate office parks, from the design of residential estates to thedesign of civil infrastructure and the management of large wilderness areas or reclamation ofdegraded landscapes such as mines or landfills.Landscape architects work on all types of structures and external space - large or small, urban,suburban and rural, and with "hard" (built) and "soft" (planted) materials, while integratingecological sustainability. The most valuable contribution can be made at the first stage of a project togenerate ideas with technical understanding and creative flair for the design, organization, and useof spaces.The landscape architect can conceive the overall concept and prepare the master plan, from whichdetailed design drawings and technical specifications are prepared. They can also review proposals toauthorize and supervise contracts for the construction work. Other skills include preparing designimpact assessments, conducting environmental assessments and audits, and serving as an expertwitness at inquiries on land use issues. They can also support and prepare applications for capitaland revenue funding grants. PAGE : 26
  • 27. Dedicated to All the Architecture, Engineeringstudents and Professionals ….who through there humble and dedicated effort can replace LANDSCPAE of POVERTY with LANDSCAPES OF PROSPERITIES The guardian…England More of worlds poor live in India than in all sub- Saharan Africa, says study…..