Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Democracy

2,762

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,762
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
137
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Who Rules?Who Rules? Forms of GovernmentForms of Government
  • 2. Forms of GovernmentForms of Government When people decide to form the socialWhen people decide to form the social contracts that we call governments, theycontracts that we call governments, they make many different decisions about howmake many different decisions about how their government will look.their government will look. President or King? President or King? Rule by few or rule by all?Rule by few or rule by all? Hold elections? Hold elections?Where do the rulers get their power?Where do the rulers get their power?
  • 3. DemocracyDemocracy Any form of government in which politicalAny form of government in which political power is exercised bypower is exercised by all citizensall citizens, either, either directly or through their electeddirectly or through their elected representatives.representatives. There are two kinds ofThere are two kinds of DemocraciesDemocracies…… Direct! Representative!
  • 4. Direct DemocracyDirect Democracy All citizens participate in government.All citizens participate in government. All citizens can create public policy if they want to.All citizens can create public policy if they want to. Example: In ancient Athens, Greece, they heldExample: In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws.assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws. There are no representatives in government: TheThere are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything!citizens vote on everything!
  • 5. Representative DemocracyRepresentative Democracy  Like direct democracy, all citizens participate inLike direct democracy, all citizens participate in governmentgovernment People elect representatives who vote on lawsPeople elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizensfor the citizens Representatives answer to the people throughRepresentatives answer to the people through regular electionsregular elections Representatives are also usually held accountableRepresentatives are also usually held accountable by a constitutionby a constitution
  • 6. Fill in the blanks to review DEMOCRACY!
  • 7. The two forms ofThe two forms of democracy are __________democracy are __________ and ___________________.and ___________________. directdirect representativerepresentative
  • 8. In a democracy, allIn a democracy, all __________ participate in__________ participate in government.government. citizenscitizens
  • 9. All citizens vote onAll citizens vote on everything in aeverything in a ______________________.______________________.direct democracydirect democracy
  • 10. In a direct democracy, thereIn a direct democracy, there are no ________________are no ________________ in the government.in the government. representativesrepresentatives
  • 11. In a representativeIn a representative democracy, thedemocracy, the representatives answer torepresentatives answer to the people throughthe people through ______________________.______________________.regular electionsregular elections
  • 12. Now that we’ve talked about DIRECT DEMOCRACY! And REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY! we can move on to forms of government where only one person is in control…
  • 13. AutocracyAutocracy A form of government in which political power isA form of government in which political power is controlled bycontrolled by oneone individual such as a monarch,individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.dictator, emperor, etc. We’re going to talk about two kinds ofWe’re going to talk about two kinds of autocracyautocracy…… Monarchs! Dictators!
  • 14. MonarchyMonarchy Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses…Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but alwayssometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!MONARCHS! Leaders usually gain their power because theirLeaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too.parents were rulers too. Some modern monarchies like Spain and JapanSome modern monarchies like Spain and Japan have constitutions.have constitutions.
  • 15. DictatorshipDictatorship In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but isIn a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)acquired by force (military or political) Dictators have absolute control over the lives ofDictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowedtheir citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinionsto voice their negative opinions North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Il is considered aNorth Korea’s leader Kim Jong Il is considered a dictatordictator
  • 16. What else?What else? We’ve talked aboutWe’ve talked about DEMOCRACIESDEMOCRACIES…… Democracy is… rule by the people!
  • 17. What else?What else? …… andand AUTOCRACIESAUTOCRACIES…… Autocracy is… … rule by one!
  • 18. …… but what other forms ofbut what other forms of government are there?government are there? What else?What else? What if, instead of everyone or just one person, a few people got together to rule a nation? Rule by Few!
  • 19. OligarchyOligarchy  ““Rule by few”Rule by few” Power can be based on several things:Power can be based on several things: Military strength = Military JuntaMilitary strength = Military Junta Family power = AristocracyFamily power = Aristocracy Religious control = Theocratic OligarchyReligious control = Theocratic Oligarchy Oligarchies can often come from or lead to otherOligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government (like autocracies)forms of government (like autocracies)
  • 20. TheocracyTheocracy ““Theo” means “god” in Greek… so if aTheo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruledgovernment is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power!by… That’s right! A god or higher power! Leaders (Leaders (autocraticautocratic oror oligarchicoligarchic) are usually) are usually religious leaders and society uses religious law toreligious leaders and society uses religious law to settle its disputessettle its disputes Example: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modernExample: The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modern theocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, Thetheocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, The Qur’an, as its guide.Qur’an, as its guide.
  • 21. AnarchyAnarchy No government at all…No government at all… WAIT! Then who makes and enforces laws?
  • 22. AnarchyAnarchy No government at all…No government at all… In an anarchy there is no government to make orIn an anarchy there is no government to make or enforce laws.enforce laws. What do you think that would be like?
  • 23. Wow! There are so many forms of government! And remember there are also combinations… What is government ruled by GOD and a FEW people called?
  • 24. WHEW! We had better review… Time for some “A or B!”
  • 25. DemocracyDemocracy A B Rule by everyone Rule by no one
  • 26. Direct DemocracyDirect Democracy A B Citizens elect people to vote All citizens vote on everything
  • 27. RepresentativeRepresentative DemocracyDemocracy A B Representatives are appointed Representatives are elected
  • 28. AutocracyAutocracy A B Rule by one Rule by few
  • 29. MonarchyMonarchy A B Never have constitutions Power is inherited
  • 30. DictatorshipDictatorship A B Always protect freedom of speech Have total control
  • 31. OligarchyOligarchy A B Power is always inherited Come in many forms
  • 32. TheocracyTheocracy A B Power from a higher being Power taken through force
  • 33. AnarchyAnarchy A B Everyone follows the laws Everyone does what they want
  • 34. Now, review your chart along with your teacher!

×