Git peg bmj.

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BMJ: PEG.

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Git peg bmj.

  1. 1. Prepared by: Dr.Mohammad Shekhani. CABM-FRCP
  2. 2. Introduction: <ul><li>PEG feeding, introduced into clinical practice in 1980, </li></ul><ul><li>It is now an efective way of providing enteral feeding to patients who have functionally normal GIT but who cannot meet their nutritional needs because of inadequate oral intake. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the preferred method of feeding when nutritional intake is likely to be inadequate for more than four to six weeks& when enteral feeding is likely to prevent further weight loss, correct nutritional defciencies& stop the decline in quality of life in patients caused by insufcient nutritional intake. </li></ul><ul><li>The benefcial efects of gastrostomy feeding on morbidity& mortality have been described only in certain subgroups. </li></ul><ul><li>RTs in stroke shown improved nutritional outcomes, higher likelihood of survival& earlier discharge. </li></ul><ul><li>But gastrostomy tubes are increasingly being requested& inserted for indications where long term outcomes are uncertain. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The procedure: <ul><li>It is a procedure for placing a feeding tube directly into the stomach via a small incision through the abdominal wall. </li></ul><ul><li>After aseptic prep of the abd wall&prophylactic antibiotics, an endoscope is passed via the oesophagus into the stomach. </li></ul><ul><li>A powerful light source within the endoscope& insufation of air allows the position of the endoscope to be identifed through the abdominal wall. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of a fnger invagination technique may also help identify the optimal site. </li></ul><ul><li>After LA infltration, a needle is inserted through the abd wall into the stomach, along with a guide wire which is grasped using a snare via the endoscope </li></ul><ul><li>The guide wire, the snare& the endoscope are then retracted. </li></ul><ul><li>The guide wire is attached to the end of a gastrostomy tube, pulled back down through the oesophagus& stomach& brought out through the hole in the abdominal wall& end of the PEG tube is retained within the stomach cavity, by a wide internal bumper </li></ul><ul><li>An external bumper is then fxed to the tube to prevent the internal bumper from moving distally in the alimentary canal. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The procedure: <ul><li>The procedure is usually performed under sedation& takes about 15-20 mins. </li></ul><ul><li>Gastrostomy feeding tubes may also be placed using radiological or surgical methods, depending on technical considerations or local availability </li></ul>
  5. 5. C/I s to PEG: <ul><li>Absolute: </li></ul><ul><li>Haemodynamic compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Sepsis </li></ul><ul><li>Perforated viscus </li></ul><ul><li>Relative: </li></ul><ul><li>Plateletes < 50,000. </li></ul><ul><li>Ascites. </li></ul><ul><li>Peritonitis. </li></ul><ul><li>GOO. </li></ul><ul><li>Crohns. </li></ul><ul><li>Gastric surgery. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Complication requiring admission: <ul><li>The “buried bumper” syndrome is a rare but serious complication in 1.5-1.9%. </li></ul><ul><li>The internal bumper migrates from the gastric wall towards the skin, anywhere along the PEG tract, as a consequence of excessive tension between the internal/ external bumper. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms may include pain on feeding, retrograde leakage of feed on to the skin&rarely gastric perforation. </li></ul><ul><li>Correction is achieved through removing& re-siting the internal bumper endoscopically or by surgical intervention. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Complication requiring admission: <ul><li>Serious complications such as peritonitis or gastric outlet obstruction may present with symptoms of acute or chronic abdominal pain. </li></ul><ul><li>Red fag signs that should prompt emergency admission are pain on feeding, external leakage of gastric contents, or bleeding within or around the gastrostomy tube. </li></ul>

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