H A G E R
S A L M A N
W I S S A L
A Y A B .
D A W O D
N A R J I S
O M A R
A F N A N
Healthcare Information Technology
What is HIT?
HAGER
Health information technology (HIT) is the area of IT
involving:
• CREATION
• DESIGN
• DEVELOPMENT
• US...
Healthcare Information
Technology
HAGER
The electronic health record (EHR) is the central component of the
health IT organ...
Benefits of HIT
WISSAL
1) Improved quality and safety:
- Health IT tools enable doctors/providers to access medical inform...
Benefits of HIT
WISSAL
4) Access to patient information in an emergency or natural disaster:
- In emergencies, time is imp...
What is health information
exchange (HIE)?
AYA B.
• Exchange of patient health information among providers, patients and o...
Why do we need health
information exchange?
AYA B.
Doctors and other providers can give patients better care and avoid
mis...
AYA
Now we will talk about
the components of
HIT
DAWOD
What is electronic health
record (EHR)?
DAWOD
Official health record for an individual that is shared among multiple
facil...
What is the benefits of electronic
health record (EHR)?
DAWOD
• The ability to automatically share and update information ...
DAWOD
What is an electronic
medical record (EMR)?
AFNAAN
A digital version of the traditional paper-based medical record for
an ...
Electronic Health Record
Confidentiality
AFNAAN
Privacy has been defined by different people in different ways with
refere...
What is a personal health
record (PHR)?
NARJIS
A collection of health-related information that is documented and
maintaine...
PHR Architecture
NARJIS
PHR architecture consists of three primary components: Data,
Infrastructure and Applications.
Data...
NARJIS
Regional Health Information
Organization (RHIO)
SALMAN
A group of organizations within a specific area that share healthca...
SALMAN
Personal health record
software and services
OMAR
When the Internet gained wide popularity, every hospital tried to build
...
Hospital Mobile Application
OMAR
The following hospital mobile app features would be popular among
patients:
Directory ser...
Hospital Mobile Application
OMAR
Educational content: providing patients with mobile educational content,
allowing them to...
OMAR
Nationwide Privacy and
Security Framework for
Electronic Exchange
SALMAN
The principles of the Nationwide Privacy and Secu...
Nationwide Privacy and
Security Framework for
Electronic Exchange
SALMAN
The goal of the Nationwide Privacy and Security F...
SUMMARY OF HIT:
HAGER
THANK YOU!!!!!
ANY QUESTIONS???
H i t
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  • *talk about each topic in general
  • * Use the report for the full information on each benefit please!
  • * Use the report for the full information on each benefit please! ESPECIALLY WITH 4 AND 5!!! THEY ARE VERY IMPORTANT!
  • * AYA memorize the whole answer from the report OR explain in your own words please
  • **** ayapllleaaaseee talk about this in your own words like how we went over it today but please remind me to help you more 
  • Dawod say this: An electronic health record (EHR) is an official health record for an individual that is shared among multiple facilities and agencies. Digitized health information systems are expected to improve efficiency and quality of care and ultimately, reduce costs.
  • The governments of many countries are working to ensure that all citizens have standardized electronic health records and that all records include the same types of information. The major barrier for the adoption of electronic health records is cost.
  • *example of how a EHR looks like (you don’t need to explain it)
  • Regardless of being in a paper form or electronic form, a medical health record is a tool of communication which helps in making clinical decisions, designing regulatory processes, accreditation, education, legal protection, research purposes, service coordination and evaluation of the efficacy and quality of healthcare provided. Apart from these reasons, the electronic health records are a very important tool being used in the field of medical to ensure efficient treatment provisions and effective problem solutions for the patients
  • PLEAAASE MEMORIZE THIS AFNAAN!!!!!!! Since confidentiality is the right of patients and the duty of medical staff, the private information of patients could be released to someone only if the patient himself/herself allows it or if it is being allowed by the legal system. However, this does not imply that the physicians and doctors cannot gain access to such information for treatment purposes. Releasing of confidential information without the authorization of patients can be done only for administrative, payment or treatment purposes.
  • PLEASEEEE MEMORIZE THIS NARJIS*********************The data maintained in a PHR varies from one person to another and from one system to another but information in a typical record might include:Information about visits to health care professionalsAllergiesFamily historyImmunizationsInformation about any conditions or diseasesA list of medications takenRecords of hospitalizationInformation about any surgeries or procedures performed.
  • ** just explain how health exchange information is connected to RHIO
  • *** see if you can find anymore general information on this slide OMAR
  • *SAY THISSSSS!!!Patient information must be stored and shared in a secure way, and only those providers actively involved in the care of the patient are authorized to access his/her information. Special technology keeps unauthorized users from seeing any personal and private information, thus protecting consumers from security breaches.
  • H i t

    1. 1. H A G E R S A L M A N W I S S A L A Y A B . D A W O D N A R J I S O M A R A F N A N Healthcare Information Technology
    2. 2. What is HIT? HAGER Health information technology (HIT) is the area of IT involving: • CREATION • DESIGN • DEVELOPMENT • USE • MAINTENANCE Healthcare information systems are expected to lower costs, improve efficiency and reduce error, while also providing better patient care and service.
    3. 3. Healthcare Information Technology HAGER The electronic health record (EHR) is the central component of the health IT organization. • An EHR is an individual's official, digital health record and is shared among multiple facilities and agencies. • The electronic medical record (EMR), which is an individual's health record within a healthcare provider's facility • The personal health record (PHR), which is an individual's self- maintained health record • A Regional Health Information Organization (RHIO), which oversees communications among the other elements and combines them geographically.
    4. 4. Benefits of HIT WISSAL 1) Improved quality and safety: - Health IT tools enable doctors/providers to access medical information about their patients and have a more complete understanding about a patient’s condition and treatments which can improve the care. 2) Reduced cost: - Health IT tools can be effective in reducing duplicative or repetitive clinical laboratory tests. The removal of paper from the system also results in cost savings and improved efficiencies. 3) Improved provider and patient convenience: - With better health IT tools doctors and other providers will be able to access more complete medical information. Patients would not need to fill out the same forms at every doctor’s office they visit.
    5. 5. Benefits of HIT WISSAL 4) Access to patient information in an emergency or natural disaster: - In emergencies, time is important and it is critical that doctors and other providers have quick access to their patients’ medical history. 5) Improved public health information on disease outbreaks: - Health IT tools can provide government health agencies with aggregated health information from across the population in a timely manner that helps them identify disease outbreaks.
    6. 6. What is health information exchange (HIE)? AYA B. • Exchange of patient health information among providers, patients and other authorized people. • It ensures security, privacy and other protections of patient information. • Necessary for compiling the complete experience of a patient’s care and ensuring it is accessible to providers as the patient moves through various health care settings. • Needed for patients to have access to their own personal health information which can be portable between health plans or providers.
    7. 7. Why do we need health information exchange? AYA B. Doctors and other providers can give patients better care and avoid mistakes if they have access to their complete medical history. By having access to a more complete medical history, providers and patients can make more informed decisions about the patient’s care plan, thus improving the quality of that care and avoiding medical errors.
    8. 8. AYA
    9. 9. Now we will talk about the components of HIT DAWOD
    10. 10. What is electronic health record (EHR)? DAWOD Official health record for an individual that is shared among multiple facilities that include: • Contact information. • Information about visits to health care professionals. • Allergies. • Insurance information. • Family history. • Immunization status. • Information about any conditions or diseases. • A list of medications. • Records of hospitalization. • Information about any surgeries or procedures performed.
    11. 11. What is the benefits of electronic health record (EHR)? DAWOD • The ability to automatically share and update information among different hospitals. • More efficient storage and retrieval. • The ability to share multimedia information, such as medical imaging results, among locations. • The ability to link records to sources of relevant and current research. • Easier standardization of services and patient care. • Less redundancy of effort. • Lower cost to the medical system once implementation is complete.
    12. 12. DAWOD
    13. 13. What is an electronic medical record (EMR)? AFNAAN A digital version of the traditional paper-based medical record for an individual. The EMR represents a medical record within a single facility, such as a doctor's office or a clinic. An electronic health record (EHR) is an official health record for an individual that is shared among multiple facilities and agencies. There are government incentives in many countries to standardize EHRs and ensure that every citizen has one.
    14. 14. Electronic Health Record Confidentiality AFNAAN Privacy has been defined by different people in different ways with reference to their own perceptions. Some define privacy as having the right to being lonely; whereas others refer to privacy as the option of having to keep self information from being disclosed to others including different organizations and other individuals.
    15. 15. What is a personal health record (PHR)? NARJIS A collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual it applies to. An electronic health record is similar documentation maintained by health professionals and official agencies.
    16. 16. PHR Architecture NARJIS PHR architecture consists of three primary components: Data, Infrastructure and Applications. Data Refers to the information that is collected, analyzed, exchanged and stored by different information technologies. Examples include medical history, laboratory and imaging results, list of medical problems, medication history, etc. Infrastructure Is the computing platform which processes or exchanges healthcare data, such as software packages and websites. Applications Include the data exchange, analytical and content delivery capabilities of the system, such as appointment scheduling, medication renewal, patient decision support system and disease education materials.
    17. 17. NARJIS
    18. 18. Regional Health Information Organization (RHIO) SALMAN A group of organizations within a specific area that share healthcare- related information electronically according to accepted healthcare information technology (HIT) standards. A RHIO typically oversees the means of information exchange among various provider settings, payers and government agencies. The ultimate objective is to improve the safety, quality, and efficiency of healthcare as well as access to healthcare through the efficient application of health information technology.
    19. 19. SALMAN
    20. 20. Personal health record software and services OMAR When the Internet gained wide popularity, every hospital tried to build a website that could inform patients about their services, facilities and providers. Hospital websites include: online bill pay, scheduling and personal health records and there is now interest in installing hospital mobile applications
    21. 21. Hospital Mobile Application OMAR The following hospital mobile app features would be popular among patients: Directory services: For most patients, it can be challenging to find their way around some of today's large hospital campuses. Visiting a specialist or a physician at a large hospital facility can lead to missed appointments, delays and frustration. Access to a hospital mobile application that locates a department, physician or building would be a great tool for patients and visitors. Self-service: The ability to request medication refills, securely message their provider, book appointments, review lab results and pay their balance gives patients incentive to access their information electronically.
    22. 22. Hospital Mobile Application OMAR Educational content: providing patients with mobile educational content, allowing them to view material regarding a specific condition or procedure offered by a hospital. Tracking and monitoring services: the app tracks weight, cholesterol, pain levels, medications, glucose levels and other health metrics that can be utilized by healthcare providers. The chance for hospitals to reduce hospital readmissions, improve patient satisfaction scores and collect patient information are strong incentives to pursue a inclusive mobile app.
    23. 23. OMAR
    24. 24. Nationwide Privacy and Security Framework for Electronic Exchange SALMAN The principles of the Nationwide Privacy and Security Framework for Electronic Exchange of Individually Identifiable Health Information establish a single, consistent approach to address the privacy and security challenges related to electronic health information exchange through a network for all persons, regardless of the legal framework that may apply to a particular organization.
    25. 25. Nationwide Privacy and Security Framework for Electronic Exchange SALMAN The goal of the Nationwide Privacy and Security Framework effort is to establish a policy framework for electronic health information exchange that can help guide the nation’s adoption of health information technology and help improve the availability of health information and health care quality. The principles have been designed to establish the roles of individuals and the responsibilities of those who hold and exchange electronic individually identifiable health information through a network.
    26. 26. SUMMARY OF HIT: HAGER
    27. 27. THANK YOU!!!!! ANY QUESTIONS???
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