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Architectural Bye-Laws For HotelsDocument Transcript
Bye-Laws For Hotels ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN SUBMITTED BY MD SHAHROZ ALAM B.ARCH IIIRD YR (SFS)
HOTEL • A hotel is a commercial establishment that offers lodging to travellers. Some may also offer lodging to permanent residents. • Hotels may also have restaurants, conference rooms, stores, and other services that are available to the general public.THERE ARE TWO MAIN AREA IN A HOTEL: 1. FRONT OF THE HOUSE 2. BACK OF THE HOUSEThe program separate these two areas into four main categories1.Guest rooms2.Public areas3.The back of the house support area4.Covered non conditioned exterior areaFRONT OF THE HOUSE•The greeting area, is known as the front of the house.Main areas in front of the house are•The front of the house comprises every area that the guest will see ; lobbies, dining spaces,rest rooms, passenger elevators, corridors, hotel rooms, etc.BACK OF THE HOUSE•The back of the house, was where food was prepared arid where the guests service amenitieswere taken care of.THE MAIN FUNCTION OF BACK OF THE HOUSE•laundering ,foodstuffs, housekeeping supplies, and a great many other items must be receivedout of sight of the hotel guests.CATEGORIES 1star(1 stars)The Superior flag is provided when traditional service and accommodation provisons are notsufficient for the next Hotel star. The bathroom facilities are usually at the same level as for tostars hotels but built from cheaper materials1•Superior Standard(2 stars)The Standard-Superior does usually offer the same service level as three-star hotels but theinteriors of the hotel are smaller and cheaper .Reception opened 14 hours, accessible by phone24 hours from inside and outside, bilingual staff.
•Comfort(3 star)Reception opened 14 hours, accessible by phone 24 hours from inside and outside, bilingualstaff (e.g. German/English. Beverage offer in the room - Telephone in the room ,Internet accessin the room or in the public area - Heating facility in the bathroom. Additional pillow andadditional blanket on demand1 •Superior Comfort(3 stars)The accommodation facilities for a superior hotel need to be on a modern level and fullyrenovated which is checked regularly. Reception opened 18 hours, accessible by phone 24hours from inside and outside - Lobby with seats and beverage service - Breakfast buffet orbreakfast menu card via room service .1 •First Class(4 star)Reception opened 18 hours, accessible by phone 24 hours from inside and outside - Lobby withseats and beverage service - Breakfast buffet or breakfast menu card via room service .1 •Luxury(5 star)In addition to the first class (****) hotels: - Reception opened 24 hours, multilingual staff ,Doorman, service or valet parking , Concierge, Spacious reception hall with several seats andbeverage service .Mini bar and food and beverage offer via room service during 24.12 •Superior Luxury(5 stars)The Luxury star hotels need to attain high expectations of an international guest service. TheSuperior Luxury star is only awarded with a system of intensive guest care.AREA REQUIREMENT1 •Corridor space should be about 6msq per room2 •At least 1.5 to 1.80 m wide3 •Separate routes should be provided for guests , staff and goods.4 •Rooms including toilets , bathrooms , shower rooms etc hallways and floor serviceshould occupy 50 to 60 percent of the floor area.5 •Public guest rooms , a reception area ,hall and lounges requires 4 to 7 percent6 •Hospitality areas , restaurants and bars for guests and visitors 4 to 8 percent7 •A banqueting area with meeting and conference rooms needs 4 to 12 percent8 •Domestic area ,kitchen ,personnel rooms and stores 9 to 14 percent9 •Administration ,management and secretarial 1 to 2 percent10 •Maintenance and repair 4 to 7 percent11 •Leisure , sport , shops and a hair dressing salon 2 to 10 percent.12 •Hotel should provide facilities for handicapped and disabled in at least 1 to 2 percentof rooms(preferably on ground floor),ramps 1:20,corridor 915mm wide doors 815mm clearopening.
THERE SHOULD BE SEPARATE ENTRY FOR SERVICE AND GUESTS • Maximum permissible ground coverage is 40% in commercial. • Height- Unlimited, if there is any airport in the district, then special permission is takenfrom the Airport Authority of India. • F.A.R.-1.75 • Parking- 3 E.C.S. / 100sq m. covered area on all the floors • For open parking,1 E.C.S.-23 sq m. • For stilt or ground floor parking,1 E.C.S.-28sq m. • For basement parking,1 E.C.S.-32 sq m. • Stilt & basement parking will not considered in F.A.R. • Stilt floor’s height must not exceed 8’6” beyond the building block except in the set-backsprovided it is used for parking only. • Multi level basement will be allowed behind the building in zoned area exceptin set-backs provided it is proposed for parking purposes only and satisfy thePublic Health and Structural requirements.Parking grid in basements & stilt floors must be between 400-600 sq. feet.Provision of basement(1) Basement in case of plotted development if constructed shall not be included in FAR.(2) Basement area shall not exceed the ground floor coverage and shall be below the Ground floor.Basement area may, however, be extended below the internal courtyard and shaft.HotelIt must have a minimum plot size of 5000 sq. mt.Frontage should be atleast 200 ft. minimum 80ft. wide road.
It should have a management tie up or franchise arrangement with National / Internationalhotel chain of repute having at least five hotels consisting of minimum of 50 rooms each inIndia /abroad.The land owner can have joint venture/Development agreement /revenue sharing arrangementwith the developer / Hotelier.F.A.R is allowed upto 3 ( 20-25% of this FAR can be used for commercial purposes)Ground coverage upto 50%.Parking -1 ECS per 100 sq. mt. of covered area.S.C.O./ S.C.F. bye laws20’x 80” - includes a corridor of width 8’3” on front & rear side.’16’6”x 75 - includes a corridor of width 8’3” on front side only.16’6” x 66’ - includes a corridor of width 8’3” on front side only.Number of stories allowed – 4.Maximum height of building-48’ 6”.1 basement is allowed.Provision for air light and ventilation to be made @ 10% of the basement area.Area of the basement not to be counted towards FAR. Basement shall have a clear height of 7’-6” from floor to sofit to the beam and height of ceilingshall not exceed 8’-3”.10% of the basement area shall be permitted for depression for installation of AC plants.However, no generator shall be permitted to be installed in the basement.Booths bye laws10’x 30’ - includes a corridor of width 7’ on front side only.8’3” x 24’9” - includes a corridor of width 7’ on front side only.Number of stories allowed – 1.
Maximum height of building-12’.1 basement is allowed.Provision for air light and ventilation to be made @ 5% of the basement area.Area of the basement not to be counted towards FAR. Basement shall have a clear height of 7’-6” from floor to sofit to the beam and height of ceilingshall not exceed 8’-3”.10% of the basement area shall be permitted for depression for installation of AC plants.However, no generator shall be permitted to be installed in the basement.The shop’s width: depth ratio must be greater than 1:2.Permissible Floor Area Ratio For Different Size Of PlotsS.No. Area of Plot Maximum Ground FAR Number of Max. Height (Sq. Mtrs.) Coverage % DUs (in Mtrs.)1 Below 32 90* 225 1 12.52 Above 32 to 50 90* 225 2 12.53 Above 50 to 100 90* 225 3 12.54 Above 100 to 250 75** 200 3 12.55 Above 250 to 500 75 150 3 (4) 12.56 Above 500 to 1000 50 120 6 (8) 12.57 Above 1000 to 1500 40 100 6 (8) 12.58 Above 1500 to 2250 40 100 9 (12) 12.59 Above 2250 to 3000 40 100 12 (16) 12.510 Above 3000 to 3750 40 100 15 (20) 12.511 Above 3750 40 100 18 (24) 12.5Notes: 1. * 100% ground coverage shall be eligible for regularization of construction on payment of charges as applicable from time to time. 2. ** 100% ground coverage and 350 FAR shall be eligible for regularization of construction on payment of charges as per the notification, in respect plot size between 100 to 175 sqm.