POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering            C 2329                          ...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering           C 2329 History of Modern Architec...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering            C 2329 History of Modern Archite...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering               C 2329 History of Modern Arch...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering   C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureHong...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering                  C 2329 History of Modern A...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering   C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureGord...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering              C 2329 History of Modern Archi...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering             C 2329 History of Modern Archit...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering                            C 2329 History o...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering                              C 2329 History...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering                             C 2329 History ...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering                           C 2329 History of...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering   C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureZaha...
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering                             C 2329 History ...
C 2329 - Lecture4
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

C 2329 - Lecture4

6,837

Published on

Published in: Education
3 Comments
10 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
6,837
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
760
Comments
3
Likes
10
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

C 2329 - Lecture4

  1. 1. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern Architecture Lecture 04: Post Modern Movement • High Tech • Postmodernism • de constructivismwww.shahrilkhairi.com Prepared by SKA
  2. 2. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureHIGH TECH John Hancock Center, Chicago (1970)Renzo Piano (Kansai Airport Terminal, Pompidou Centre) Skidmore, Owing & MerillRichard Rogers (Pompidou Centre, Lloyd‟s Building)Norman Foster (HSBC Headquarters) - An abbreviation of “High Technology” - may be recognised in the “engineering” architecture of the late nineteenth century (Eiffel Tower) and Russian Constructivists. -Also known as Structural Expressionism. - Emerged in the 1970s. - Incorporating elements of high-tech industry and technology into building design - In the 1980s, many of its themes and ideas were absorbed into the post-modern style. - High-tech style aimed to give building an industrial Bank of China, Hong Kong (1992) appearance. By: I.M. Pei - consist of a glass facade, with the buildings beams exposed behind itPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : HIGH TECH Prepared by SKA
  3. 3. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureCentre Pompidou, Paris, France(1972-1976)Modern Art MuseumRenzo Piano and Richard Rogers-The "Centre Georges Pompidou", or "Pompidou Center", formerly"Centre Beaubourg". Massive structural expressionist castexoskeleton, "exterior" escalators enclosed in transparent tube.-The ventilation ducts are all shown on the outside. This was aradical design, as previous ventilation ducts would have been acomponent hidden on the inside of the building.-The means of access to the building is also on the outside, withthe large tube allowing visitors to enter the building.POST MODERN MOVEMENT : HIGH TECH Prepared by SKA
  4. 4. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureLloyd‟s Building, London, England(1979-1984)Corporate headquarters, commercialRichard Rogers-Expressed structure and exposed services as ornamental order.-The building is noted for its multi-storey, free-standing escalatorarray within the atrium; the mechanisms within are exposed andare punctuated in yellow.-The external windows have triple layered solar control glass with aventilated cavity enabling it to refract back artificial light into theinterior. This helps to decrease the need for light after sunset.-The atrium was influenced by Joseph Paxtons Crystal Palace of1851.-The building takes its name from one Edward Lloyd who foundeda coffee shop on this site in 1688, from where maritime insurancewas conducted.POST MODERN MOVEMENT : HIGH TECH Prepared by SKA
  5. 5. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureHong Kong and Shanghai BankCorp., China (HSBC) (1979-1986)Bank headquartersNorman Foster-The headquarters of the HongKong and Shanghai BankingCorporation are reputed to havesome of the best feng shui around –the building sits on a rareconfluence of five “dragon lines”and enjoys harbour views.-Dramatic exoskeleton trusses,interior atrium, escalator entrythrough glazed atrium floor.-Exterior trusses are expressed in theform of giant steel coathangers.POST MODERN MOVEMENT : HIGH TECH Prepared by SKA
  6. 6. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePostmodernism Modernism = minimal and true use of material as well asRobert Venturi absence of ornament.Michael GravesRichard Meier Postmodernism = Rejection of rules set by the early modernists and excited in the use of building-Origins : Failure of Modern Architecture. techniques, angles, and stylistic references.(Reaction to Modernism) use of sculptural forms, ornaments, and materials which perform trompe loeil.- Because of focus on function andeconomical building (creating the illusion of space or depths where none actually exist, as has been done by painters since the Romans)- No ornaments = plain buildings.- Postmodernists felt the buildings failed tomeet the human need for comfort bothfor body and for the eye.- Modernism did not account for thedesire for beauty. The problem worsenedwhen some already monotonousapartment blocks degenerated intoslums.-Post Modernism want to cure this byreintroducing ornament and decoration.Form was no longer to be defined by its An icon of post-modernism, created for the architectsfunctional requirements; it could be mother, and featured in Venturis architectural polemicanything the architect pleased. "Complexity and Contradiction".POST MODERN MOVEMENT : POSTMODERNISM Prepared by SKA
  7. 7. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureGordon Wu Hall, Princeton, New Jersey(1983)AcademicRobert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown- Ornamental graphic keystone with thecontrol joint running down the middle.- Princeton University campus.-The University named this building “GordonWu Hall” in tribute to his magnanimity.-The brick, limestone trim, and strip windowsadhere to the entrance, set off-center andbroadside in the building, is marked by a boldmarble and gray granite panel recalling earlyRenaissance ornament and symbolizing theentrance to the College as a whole as well asto the building itselfPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : POSTMODERNISM Prepared by SKA
  8. 8. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePortland Public Service Building, Portland(1980)Government OfficesMichael Graves- Block mass with decorated facades, criticized for unpleasant interior.Icon of Post-Modernism- Ornament is even more prominent.- The two obtruding triangular forms are largely ornamental. They existfor aesthetic or their own purpose.Example of trompe loeil:- Pillars represented on the side of the building that to some extentappear to be real, yet they are notPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : POSTMODERNISM Prepared by SKA
  9. 9. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureHigh Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia(1983)Art museumRichard Meierconcrete frame, enameled steel claddingcurved facade to sunny atriumThe extended ramp is a symbolic gesture reaching out tothe street and city, and a foil to the interior ramp that isthe building’s chief formal and circulatory element.At the end of the ramp is the main entry and receptionarea, from which one passes into the four-story atrium.POST MODERN MOVEMENT : POSTMODERNISM Prepared by SKA
  10. 10. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitecturePhilip Johnson -Attempted to deconstruct architecture by ‘exploding the building’, its elements, or the design idea from within to without, resulting in Chainlink Garden Pavilion a style that is non-systematic and unorthodox. Johnson intended Da Monsta, which he named in a nod to hip-hop idiom, as a future visitors center. (New Canaan rejected the idea, and plans are under way for an off-site center.) The building is composed of a three-dimensional wire grid with concrete on the outside, Styrofoam in the middle, and plaster on the interior.Da Monsta - Gate House, New Canaan,ConnecticutPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Prepared by SKA
  11. 11. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureCoop Himmelb(l)au (Blue-Sky Cons. Coorporative)Group of Viennese ArchitectsVienna,Austria• COOP HIMMELB(L)AU was founded in 1968 in Vienna, Austria, by WolfD. Prix and Helmut Swiczinsky and continues to work since then in thefields of ARCHITECTURE, DESIGN and ART. Consists of exciting, headyarchitectural projects that present aggressive alternatives to thestandard approach to urban design. Turn sketches to fully form modelfrom the initial sketch phase.• asymmetrical structures are often generated to strive freedom froma given formal style. they create „open plan, open minded and openended’made up of complex, undefined spaces. every buildingproject became autonomous, left to the unbridled fantasy of itsdesigner. Law office in Falkenstrabe(Vienna. 1988. Coop Himmelblau) This roof office with an overhanging framework combines and reinterprets the Postmodern and High Tech approaches. BMW Headquarters in Munich, 2007 UFA CINEMA CENTER, Dresden Germany 1998POST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Prepared by SKA
  12. 12. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureFrank O‟Gehry Nationale Nederlanden Head Office, Czech Republic, 1996Characteristics: Frank.O. Gehry.-Disjointed angles.- Unbalanced appearance of its wholecomposition.- Disharmonious abstract form.- Sharp angles, shards and pointed forms.- Irregularity is real. Characteristics: - Altered massing, spatial envelopes, planes and other expectations in a playful subversion.Vitra Design Museum (Germany. 2006. Frank O.Gehry.)takes the typical unadorned white cube of modernistart galleries and deconstructs it, using geometries Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain, 1993–98reminiscent of cubism and abstract expressionism. Frank.O. GehryPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Prepared by SKA
  13. 13. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureRem Koolhass-Attempted to deconstruct architecture by „exploding the building‟,its elements, or the design idea from within to without, resulting in astyle that is non-systematic and unorthodox.- deconstructivist buildings thus appear as a metaphor for thecontemporary world and implicitly criticize the view of theInternational style. wild pieces of decontextualised egotism. The „Casa da Musica‟, 2001 Portugal Seattle Public Library,2004 Washington, USA CCTV building , Beijing, ChinaPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Prepared by SKA
  14. 14. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureZaha Hadid- Approach to building design that view architecture in bits and pieces.- The basic elements of architecture aredismantled.- Deconstructivist buildings may seem tohave no visual logic.- May appear to be made up of unrelated,disharmonious abstract forms.- Deconstructive ideas are borrowed from The Peak Competition, Hong Kong, Zaha Hadid,the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. 1982. Zaha Hadid, Vitra Firestation design study, 1990:Pierres Vives Building, France, Zaha Hadid, 2006. Vitra Fire Station. Germany, 1994 Zaha HadidPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Prepared by SKA
  15. 15. POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern Architecture a specific aim: to prove thatBernard Tschumi “form follows fiction” it is possible to construct aSwiss architect complex architecturalPrinciples of showing off, with concept of „disturb organization withoutperfection‟ through its development to create a new resorting to traditional rulesstructural form which might be different from others. of composition, hierarchy and orderan elegant designer of buildings that result in smooth,precise structures on the outside, and warmth andfamiliarity on the inside. He creates spaces that do notimpose on their occupants; believing in the simplicityfine architecture. Parc de la Villette Paris, 1982-1998 BLUE RESIDENTIAL TOWER New York CityPOST MODERN MOVEMENT : DECONSTRUCTIVISM Prepared by SKA
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×