POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern Architecture Lecture 05: Regional Architecture • Malaysian Modern • Regional Modernwww.shahrilkhairi.com Prepared by SKA
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureMALAYSIAN MODERN ARCHITECTUREHijjas KasturiHisyam Al-BakriJimmy LimKen YeangREGIONAL ARCHITECTURE Prepared by SKA
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureTabung Haji (1985)Government Islamic BankHijjas Kasturi-Built by Hijjas Kasturi andcompleted in 1985.- Located at Jalan Tun Razak, KualaLumpur.- the LUTH skycraper has a roundedground base by reffering to theconcept of ‘tabung’.- being construct with 5 mainsupported columns symbolize the 5‘rukun islam’. Each column supplyair conducting for each floor.- the replica of dome whichlocated at front of the buildingrepresent the function of LUTH as anorganization who manage thetravels for Muslim to performpilgrims.MALAYSIAN MODERN ARCHITECTURE Prepared by SKA
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureRimbun Dahan (1991)Architect’s ResidentHijjas Kasturi Rimbun Dahan is the home of architect Hijjas Kasturi and Angela Hijjas, in the village of Kuang outside Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The 14 acre site was alienated from the Crown in 1926 as Malay Reserve when it was cleared and planted with coffee. Rubber planting was prohibited for fear that small holders would compete with British owned estates. Hijjas bought the land in 1972. The main house was completed in 1991, after staff quarters in 1989. The basement gallery was built in 1995/6, the classic car gallery, dance studio and artists’ studios and apartments in 1997. The move and restoration of the village house from the state of Perak was finished in 1998. Although the main house is built of steel and concrete, the form of the house relates to traditional Malay timber architecture. When the security shutters at the ground level are open the it is exactly like a Malay house on stilts, except for its transparent contemporary character, as kampong or village houses are completely closed at night to keep spirits out. The pitched roof and deep overhangs are another obvious similarity to traditional architecture.MALAYSIAN MODERN ARCHITECTURE Prepared by SKA
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern Architecture The avoidance of timber as a building material was to make a statement about finding alternatives when Malaysia’s forests are so threatened. The main house and guest house are linked by a covered loggia that overlooks the water garden and cascade to one side. The 500 square meter gallery is underground on the other side, beneath the entrance plaza. The gallery is enclosed and dehumidified, and can be air conditioned when in use. The rest of the house relies on through ventilation and ceiling fans. The steel structure extends beyond the roof line to create an architectural form that refers to traditional buildings, even though they do not create useable spaces. Chosen materials were local wherever possible: traditional finishes like Shanghai plaster and terrazzo were used for structural concrete and floors, but the copper roof was an innovation that attempted to provide permanent colour. Unfortunately it has been affected by acid rain (a result of climatic change with industrialization) that tends to turn it black rather than the preferred green. The house and underground gallery is the centre of the residency programme for Australian and Malaysian artists that is supported by Hijjas’ architectural practice, Hijjas Kasturi Associates.MALAYSIAN MODERN ARCHITECTURE Prepared by SKA
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureNational Mosque, Malaysia(1965)MosqueHisyam Al-BakriDato’ (Dr) Ikmal Hisham Albakri was born in 1930 inBatu Gajah,Perak.DATO’ DR IKMAL HISHAM ALBAKRI @ IKMAL HISHAMHARIRI BIN MUSTAPHA ALBAKRIThe most interesting design element of theNational Mosque is the fan-shaped, folded plateroof that covers the central player hall. Thegalleries, treated like verandas that surround theprayer hall, are screened with geometricallypatterned grilles. A number of small domes thatcover the galleries are inspired by Middle Easternand Mogul architecture. The beauty and theinnovative design of the building, especially thefolded roof, inspire the early post-independence mosques’ design in MalaysiaPutra World Trade Centre (PWTC)National LibraryThe Pan Pacific Hotel KLNational MosqueThe Concorde Hotel Shah AlamMALAYSIAN MODERN ARCHITECTURE Prepared by SKA
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern Architecture The Walian House,Jimmy Lim environmentally friendly andJimmy Lim Cheok Siang sustainable interior, Kuala Lumpur. 1984Design and ImplementationExcellenceMaintaining a disciplined regimeonce the best solution had beenobtained which ensures that the finalproduct will be what is to beachieved.Conserving and Adaptive reuseJimmy Lim Architect formerly CSLAssociates, is strongly committedtowards conservation and is active in The challenge in the Tropics is tomany areas related to public keep heat from penetrating andawareness. warming the interiors, an Eco-House,Conservation of the old built Ipoh, 1994environment in order to enhanceand celebrate the new andcontinuous living heritage. Adaptingthe old environment to modernusage hereby giving old buildingsand environment a new lease of life.Conservation is preserving yesterdayfor tomorrow. Early attempt to create An early eco-resort, all“Just as Today is Yesterday’s environmentally-friendly resort by facilities are non air-Tomorrow, Today will be Tomorrow’s minimising air-conditioning to the conditioned, AwanaYesterday.” public spaces, Awana Kijal, Genting, Genting Terengganu, 1994 Highlands, 1987MALAYSIAN MODERN ARCHITECTURE Prepared by SKA
POLITEKNIK SULTAN IDRIS SHAHArchitecture Unit, Department of Civil Engineering C 2329 History of Modern ArchitectureKen YeangKen Yeang is an architect-planner, and one ofthe leading ecodesigners, theoreticians, andthinkers in the field of green design.Eco-design is designing in such a way that thehuman built environment or our design systemintegrates benignly and seamlessly with thenatural environment. We have to look at it notjust as designing a building as an independentobject in the city or in the site where itslocated. We have to look at it in the context ofthe characteristics of the site in which itslocated, the ecological features and we haveto integrate with it physically, systemically andtemporally.Physical integration means integrating with thephysical characteristics of the place: Itstopography, its ground water, its hydrology, itsvegetation and the different species on theparticular site. Systemic integration isintegrating with the processes that take placein nature with our human built environment: Theuse of water, the use of energy, the use ofwaste and sewers and so forth. Both the humanand the natural must blend together, so therewill be no pollution and no waste. Temporalintegration, means integrating the rate of ouruse of the resources in the earth and itsmaterial, and the rate of replenishment.MALAYSIAN MODERN ARCHITECTURE Prepared by SKA
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