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John Muir: From Wisconsin to Wildernes Icon
 

John Muir: From Wisconsin to Wildernes Icon

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Presentation on the life of John Muir and the Sierra Club in Wisconsin

Presentation on the life of John Muir and the Sierra Club in Wisconsin

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    John Muir: From Wisconsin to Wildernes Icon John Muir: From Wisconsin to Wildernes Icon Presentation Transcript

    • John Muir: From Wisconsin to Wilderness Icon
      By Jim Steffens, Executive Committee member
      Sierra Club – John Muir Chapter (WI)
    • The Early Years
      April 21, 1838: Birth of John Muir to Daniel and Ann Gilrye Muir
      third child of eight
      • Margaret (1834)
      • Sarah (1836)
      • David (1840)
      • Daniel (1843)
      • Mary (1846)
      • Annie (1846)
      • Joanna (1850)
    • Primary School
      • 1841: John Muir turns 3, attends primary school
      • Muir falls in love with nature at this young age
    • Grammar School
      Courtesy of Dunbar & District Historic Society
      1845: Muir enters Dunbar Grammar School
      Learned numerous subjects:
      Latin, French, English, Mathematics, Geography
    • America!
      • 1849: At the age of 11, Muir’s family leaves Scotland for America
      • Arrive in New York six weeks later
      • Continue journey to Wisconsin
      Photo of Fountain Lake, Courtesy of WI State Historical Society
    • Fountain Lake
      • After lengthy trip, Muir Family arrived in Buffalo Township
      • Settled at Fountain Lake
      • Muir developed love and respect for nature, wilderness
      • According to Erik Brynildson, ecologist and landscape architect, “This is the first place that any American conceived the notion of preserving nature for its own sake”
    • Fountain Lake Photo: Courtesy of J M Manson
    • Inventor
      • Muir’s father was strict; he was unable to attend formal schooling because he had to work on the family farm
      • In his spare time he created clocks, barometers, hydrometers and various other inventions
      Photo of Model clock, ELMS, Glyn Satterley
    • Hickory Hill Farm
      Sketch by Muir: Courtesy of Sierra Club
      • 1856: Muir family moves to nearby Hickory Hill Farm
      • Muir continues to work on farm until he leaves home at 22
    • Leaving Home
      “When I told father that I was about to leave home, and inquired whether, if I should happen to be in need of money, he would send me a little, he said, ‘No; depend entirely on yourself.’”
    • State Fair
      • Muir travels to Madison, WI to exhibit clocks and various inventions
      • Named “An ingenious whittler”
      • Illustration of Muir invention (right): a combined thermometer, hygometer, barometer, and pyrometer.
    • University of Wisconsin Madison
      • Muir pursues a formal education after meeting Jeanne Carr at State Fair
      • Carr’s husband was a professor at UW
    • University of Wisconsin Madison
      • Muir attends UW from 1860-1863
      • Becomes interested in botany and geology
      • Also continues work as an inventor
      • Creates desk that retrieves books, an alarm clock to throw you out of bed, etc.
      Photo of UW Madison Courtesy of J M Manson
    • Leaving UW Madison
      • Muir leaves the University without a degree
      • Interest in botany inspires him to seek an education in the natural world
      • Photo (right) depicts a Muir plate of a Pickeral weed from Wisconsin
    • Saying Goodbye
      “From the top of a hill on the North side of Lake Mendota I gained a last wistful, lingering view of the beautiful university grounds and buildings where I had spent so many hungry and happy and hopeful days. There with streaming eyes I bade my blessed Alma Mater farewell. But I was only leaving one university for another, the Wisconsin University for the University of Wilderness”
    • A Glimpse of Conservation
      Photo of Fountain Lake, 1923; Courtesy of WI State Historical Society
      • After leaving UW, Muir returns to Fountain Lake
      • Attempts to save portion of Fountain Lake farm for it’s beauty alone
    • Canada
      • At the age of 26, Muir ventures off to Canada
      • Works at Trout’s sawmill and attempts to improve efficiency
      • Obtains another job in industry, but the location burns down
      • Shortly after Muir returns to the United States
      • Obtains work in a carriage factory in Indianapolis, Indiana
    • Life Changing Accident
      • 1867 Muir is temporarily blinded in a factory accident
      • Decides that he should not be spending his time doing factory work but rather studying nature
    • 1,000 Mile Walk
      • September 1, 1867: Muir sets out on 1,000 mile walk from Indianapolis to Gulf of Mexico and Cuba
      • Observes plants, animals and physical features of the country
      • Kept extensive journals
      • Published after his death “A Thousand Mile Walk to the Gulf”
    • After 1000 mile walk Muir sails to California
      Has first visit to Yosemite
    • Yosemite
      • 1869 Muir spends first summer in High Sierra Nevada Mountains
      • Hikes, climbs, and studies ranges and glaciers
      • Develops controversial theory of glaciation of Yosemite
      • 1870 Muir guides tours of Yosemite
    • John LeConte
      • 1870 Muir meets LeConte in Yosemite
      • Explored, climbed, and mapped much of Yosemite
      • Beginning of a life long friendship
    • Ralph Waldo Emerson
      • Emerson visits Muir in Yosemite
      • Muir greatly influenced by Emerson’s writings
      • Transcendentalism
      • “He is more wonderful than Thoreau” - Emerson’s view of Muir
      • Wanted to camp but Emerson not allowed because of age
    • Hetch-Hetchy
      • Muir makes first visit in 1871
      • Beauty of Hetch-Hetchy influences Muir to fight for it’s conservation until his death
    • Lobbying
      • 1876 Muir lobbies for forest protection and conservation
      • 1877 continues to guide tours of scenic areas
      • Of importance: Asa Gray of Harvard and Sir Joseph Hooker of England in Shasta Region
    • Muir and Family
      • 1874 at 36 years Muir meets Louie Wanda Stretzel
      • Daughter of a
      horticulturist
      • 1880 Muir and
      Stretzel marry
      • Have two daughters
      Helen (1886) and
      Wanda (1881)
    • Creation of Sierra Club
      • Throughout marriage Muir continues to travel the country
      • Exploring nature and developing thoughts on conservation
      • 1892 Muir co-founded Sierra Club to “make the mountains glad”
      Photo taken from John Muir Woods
    • Mount Rainier
      • 1893 Muir campaigns for creation Mount Rainier National Park
      • 1895 at Sierra Club meeting discusses preserving national parks and forests
      • 1899 Mount Rainier National Park est.
    • First Annual Sierra Club Outing
      • 1901 Muir leads first annual trip to mountains
      • Nearly 100 Sierra Club members travel Yosemite for a month
      • LeConte dies on Yosemite outing
    • Photo from 1902 Outing Courtesy of University of California
    • Teddy Roosevelt
      • 1903 Muir took Teddy on guided tour of Yosemite
      • Muir great influence on Roosevelt
      • During his presidency
      • 5 National Parks
      • 18 National Monuments
      • 55 National Bird Sanctuaries
      • 150 National Forests
      Photo from Sierra Club Colby Library
    • An End to A Chapter
      • December 24, 1914 Muir dies in California Hospital from pneumonia
      • Buried in Strentzel family cemetery in Martinez, CA
      • His presence continues to live on through the organization he founded and the nature he preserved
    • Today’s Sierra Club
      • Sierra Club is the oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organization in the United States.
      • 1.3 million members in North America
      • We use grassroots activism, public education, lobbying and litigation to protect natural resources.
    • Sierra Club Mission
      • To explore, enjoy, and protect the wild places of the earth;
      • To practice and promote the responsible use of the
      • earth's ecosystems and resources;
      • To educate and enlist humanity to protect and restore the quality of the natural and human environment; and
      • To use all lawful means to carry out these objectives.
    • National Sierra Club Outings
      National Outings Program
      Offers more than 330 exciting outings each year for Sierra Club members.
      From backpacking in the Sierra Nevada to whale watching in Hawaii; from trekking in Nepal to bird watching in Brazil………
      www.sierraclub.org/outings
    • Sierra Club Accomplishments
      • Establishment, expansion, and protection of many national parks, including significant parts of Yosemite and Yellowstone
      • Enactment of the Clean Water Act and the Endangered Species Act
      • National monument status for Utah’s Grand Staircase-Escalante
      • Enactment of Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act designating more than 100 million acres of parks, wildlife refuges, and wilderness areas.
    • Sierra Club Regions
      WI Regional Office
      122 West Washington Ave, #830, Madison,
      (608) 257-4994
      • Emily Green, Great Lakes Program Director
      • Jennifer Feyerherm, WI Clean Energy Campaign Director
      • Emily Miota, Beyond Coal
      • Judy Hofrichter, Coal Campaign Supervisor
      Sierra Club Regions:
      • Central: ND, SD, NE, KS, OK, LA, AR, MO, IA, MN, WI, IL, MI, IN, OH, MS, AL, TX
      • Western: WA, OR, CA, HI, MT, NV, ID, WY, UT, CO, AZ, NM, El Paso (TX)
      • Eastern: GA, FL, PR, NC, SC, VA, WV, DC, MD, DE, PA, NJ, CT, RI, NY, MA, NH, VT, ME, KY, TN (plus DC, PR)
    • Sierra Club Chapters: 67 Chapters in US and Canada
    • Sierra Club – John Muir Chapter
      • Formed in 1963, we are the statewide branch of the Sierra Club in Wisconsin
      • We follow the footsteps of legendary Wisconsin conservationists: John Muir, Aldo Leopold, Sigurd Olson and Gaylord Nelson 
      • Executive Committee of Volunteer Leaders
      • Three Paid Staff: Chapter Director, Coordinator, Programs Apprentice
      • 15,000 members and seven local groups in Wisconsin
    • Sierra Club John Muir Chapter: Reducing Global Warming
      • Stopping Alliant Energy from building a dirty, 300 MW coal plant in Cassville or Portage
      • Winning a precedent-setting lawsuit against the Charter Street coal plant that requires all state-owned coal plants to comply with the Clean Air Act
      • Creating a clean energy future for Madison by spurring on Governor Doyle to announce that all three coal plants would be replaced with cleaner, more efficient energy sources.
      • Promoting energy efficiency and renewables by getting 19 Cities and one County to sign on to Wisconsin’s Cool Cities program
      • Helping to pass a 15% improvement in energy efficiency for building codes for new homes by encouraging code officials to vote for this update.
    • Sierra Club- John Muir Chapter: Protecting Wisconsin’s Water
      • We thwarted Perrier’s plans to build a water-bottling plant in Adams County.
      • We stopped Exxon’s plans to build a toxic mine at the headwaters of the Wolf River.
      • We pushed for the continuing clean-up dangerous polychlorinated biphenals (PCBs) from the Fox River.
      • We helped protect the St. Croix River, by advocating for its designation as a Wild and Scenic River.
      • We passed the historic Great Lakes Compact!
    • Sierra Club- John Muir Chapter
      • Muir View newsletter and eNews!
      http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/Involve/newsletter.htm
      • Take Action! Statewide Action Alerts, link to national alerts:http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/Involve/action.htm
      • Press Releases and News Coverage:
      http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/About/news.htm
      • Upcoming Events:
      http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/Events/other.htm
      • 2010-11 Legislative Tracker
      http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/tracker/
      • Outings:http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/events/outings.htm
    • John Muir Chapter Leaders
      2011 Officers
      • Chair Liz Wessel
      • Vice Chair Marilyn Pedretti
      • Treasurer Harriet Iwamoto
      • Secretary Jim Kerler
      Committee Chairs
      • Conservation Will Stahl
      • Political Dave Blouin
      • Legislative Caryl Terrell
      • Fundraising Sarah Streed
    • Local Sierra Club Groups in Wisconsin
      Groups: The finger on the pulse of local issues and a local outlet for environmental education, outings and outreach;
      Ideal for direct community action (like local roadside clean-ups, invasives removal or recycling programs)
    • John Muir ChapterRiver Touring Section
      • Meg Nelson, Chair
      • http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org/rts/
      • Purpose: To coordinate paddling trips, to promote on-the-water safety and improve paddling skills, to support river conservation organizations
    • Sierra Student Coalition
      http://www.ssc.org/
      Purpose: The student arm of Sierra Club, Sierra Student Coalition is a broad network of high school and college youth (ages 17-30) from around the country working to protect the environment.
    • John Muir Chapter: Inner City Outings (Madison)
      Ann Catlett, (608) 233-5840 http://www.madisonico.org/
      Purpose: ICO offers hiking and camping trips, boating and skiing outings, and other outdoor adventures to underprivileged youth in the Madison area.
    • Questions?
      Sierra Club – John Muir Chapter
      222 South Hamilton St, #1, Madison, WI 53703
      (608) 256-0565
      http://wisconsin.sierraclub.org
      shahla.werner@sierraclub.org