Prepared by: MD.AMINUL ISLAM shahin [email_address] Gender Presentation
W el c o m e
Universal Not universal (It depend in Social Culture, Religious &Political view, Economic factor etc.) Sex = male and female Gender = masculine and feminine Sex Gender
Do you think, Gender mean women empowerment ?
What is Gender ? GENDER: Refers to the Social differences between masculine (male) and feminine (Female). SEX: Refers to the Biological differences ( characteristics ) between male and female.
Differences between WD & GD Aims to Incorporate gender consideration into mainstream Aims to Improve women’s participation Changes the position of women Changes the condition of women Increase Empowerment Increase ability Goal is equality Goal is Helpfulness strategic interests/needs practical needs Focus on gender (social) relations Focus on women Gender and Development Women in Development
Differences between WD & GD Con..... The Problem The Focus The Approach Deal with Unequal relations of power. Deal with Leaving out (problem) of women. Social relations between men and women Women An approach to development An approach which views women as the problem Gender and Development Women in Development
Differences between WD & GD Con..... The Solution The Goal Empower disadvantaged women and transform unequal relations Integrate women into the existing development process Equitable, sustainable development with women and men as decision-makers. More efficient , effective Participation. Gender and Development Women in Development
Gender equality starts with equal valuing of girls and boys .
“ Gender equality means that women and men have equal conditions for realizing their full human rights and for contributing to and benefiting from, economic , social , cultural and political development” Source: ABC of Women Worker’s Rights and Gender Equality, ILO, Geneva, 2000
Talking about gender equality for instance means…
… talking about gender.
… talking about sex.
… talking about gender & sex.
… talking about work-life balance.
… talking about parental & maternal leave.
… talking about equal treatment at workplace.
… talking about equal pay.
… talking about sustainable development.
… and last but not least to talk about the strategy of gender.
… ..mainstreaming to implement gender equality in all fields.
Diversity is about respecting and valuing difference in individuals. A diversity approach aims to recognise, value and manage difference in individuals and to positively strive to meet the needs of different people.
Type of different people
Physical abilities and qualities
Why Diversity ?
It is an opportunity
-- To build diverse teams.
-- Diverse knowledge, perspective and experiences
Different perspectives can mean more effective problem solving
Different values may mean greater business opportunities
Increase personal awareness.
Learn about other cultures
Recognize and practice cross- cultural interaction skills.
Maintain awareness, knowledge, and skills.
How promote Diversity
Screening of new/revised policies
Equality Impact Assessments (EQIAs)
- examples and outcomes
Good Relations Audit
- new good relations strategy
Gender-Based Violence Over the Life Cycle : (adapted from Watts and Zimmerman, 2002) Others Intimate partner Family members Prebirth/ Infancy Adolescence Reproductive Elderly age
Violence by states (e.g. rape in war)
Dowry deaths/honor killings
Differential access to food/medical care Psychological abuse; Coerced sex/rape/harassment; Physical violence; Violence during pregnancy
Differential access to food/medical care
Violence in pregnancy
Physical and sexual violence
Why HR manager Learn about gender Harassment.
Because gender is a social and cultural construction and can be changed for better.
Because the term “work” has a traditional male – centric meaning.
Because the term “workplace” is Mainly
thought to be gendered.
Thus gender discrimination (Harassment) happens at the work place.
Categories of Sexual Harassment.
Quid Pro Quo.
Latin term meaning “this for that”
Conditions placed upon a person’s career or terms of employment in return for sexual favors.
Hostile ( unfriendly) Environment.
Unwelcome behavior and unreasonably interferes with a person’s working conditions.
Unwelcome comments and/or behaviors of a sexual nature.
Nature of Gender Harassment.
Intentional physical contact. (Traveling, Meeting, Training, work etc)
Emotional/Psychological ( Women are not done everything perfectly because women's are weak, unskilled etc so when they perform good men's are try to harass, )
Verbal act ( comments, request for dates etc)
Visual act ( mobile, face book, e-mail, etc)
Unwelcome Company ( Eating, Mobile, etc)
During pregnancy ( Bangladesh Air hostage)
Definition “ Sexual harassment is any unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature” “ Sexual harassment occurs when one person attempts to use power over another in the workplace through sexual pressure”
Impact of harassment (Consequences)
A harassed Persons commonly suffers from emotional stress, powerlessness and depression, physical illness etc.
Harassment leads to frustration, loss of self respect, absenteeism and decrease of productivity.
Women form low income groups often accept sexual harassment as they can not afford to loose the income needed for family survival.
Impact of harassment (Consequences)
Leads to workplace tensions which in turn may hamper team work, collaboration and work performance.
Increased absenteeism and lower productivity result.
Also can be the cause behind valuable employees quitting or losing their jobs.
In a growing number of countries where court action may successfully result in payment of damages and fines, financial risks are on the increase.
Make Own Protection policy, Rules etc.
At the individual level also it is important for a staff who is victim of harassed to speak up.
Made a fey reference or example to respect for dignity and no tolerance for harassment.
Make a good Communication.
Organize Training & workshop.
Establish a complaint procedure.
Promptly investigate complaints
Involve more female employee in all activities.
The objective of gender mainstreaming is the achievement of gender equality goals in everything that the organization does.
6 steps to Gender mainstreaming
developing an understanding of gender equality.
focus is on determining the conditions for gender mainstreaming,
Planning and Organising Gender Development Work
6 steps to Gender mainstreaming Conti…..
Step 4 –
Auditing, surveying, analysis and the formulation of objectives from a gender equality perspective.
Step 5 –
implement the Program/activities
Step 6 –
evaluating the outcome of an operation or activity from a gender perspective.
1.Understanding Gender Equality The Strategy Cycle 7.Revision 2.Internal and External analysis Audit of Gender Equality 3.Find gaps in Equal treatment 4.Planning For Equality 6.Evaluation 5.Implementation
S TRENGTHS What do we do well in terms of gender equality?
W EAKNESSES What do we do not so well?
O PPORTUNITIES How can we be more gender equal ?
T HREATS What are the risks of Gender Inequality?
PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR ACTION
S pecific :goal & methods must be clearly defined M easurable : define your objectives numerically A chievable: humanly possible, with required resources R elevant :objective must add value to plan T ime: framed set deadlines
Gender-Responsive Budget: Assists in Impact assessment Auditing Monitors & Evaluates policy Manages implementation Utilizes human resources to their full potential Assists planning Promotes equity Prioritizes needs/ allocation of resources Gender- Sensitive Budget
Defining ‘what’ violence you want to measure.
Ensuring safety and ethical standards.
Ensuring validity of the measures (events).
Poor awareness .
Weak commitment .
Inadequate knowledge of equal opportunity policies and other business tools .
Remember: RESPECT R esolve conflicts at the lowest level E xplore options to improve relationships S ensitize yourself & your subordinates P romote positive human relations E liminate unacceptable behavior C onsider organization & employee needs T each non-discrimination skills by example
Gender situation in Bangladesh
Roadmap of BD government Activities Timeline 1.Updating National Gender Strategy and develop additional tools By 2012 2.National Gender Situation analysis: review and analyze existing information and arrange to collect additional information for gender responsiveness By 2011 3.Policy dialogue and national level advocacy Ongoing 4.Identify and finalize integrated indicators and targets By 2012 5.Develop Capacity Building Action Plan By 2011 6.Resource Allocation By 2010-11
Incidence of top ten violence's by ranking .. Sources: Situation of Violence Against Women (VAW) in Six Selected Districts under Dhaka Division by PRIP TRUST, 2009
Position of women in family.. Sources: Situation of Violence Against Women (VAW) in Six Selected Districts under Dhaka Division by PRIP TRUST, 2009
International & National Protection Protection
Every major global agreement now includes a gender component:
United Nations charter (1945)
Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948)
UN convention on the political Rights of Women( 1952)
UN Covenant on civil and Political Rights (1966)
UN Covenant on Economic, social and cultural Rights (1966)
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1979)
International Labor Conference of ILO members ( 1985 & 1991)
Convention on Biodiversity (1992)
Chapter 24 of Agenda 21 (UNCED 1992)
World Conference on Human Rights (1993)
International Conference on Population and Development (1994)
Convention to Combat Desertification (1994)
World Summit for Social Development (1995)
Beijing Platform for Action (1995)
Millennium Declaration (2000)
Johannesburg Plan of Action (2002)
Hyogo Framework for Action (2005)
BD Constitutional Guarantee (National) .
The Bangladesh Constitution, 1972 guaranteed equal rights to all citizens, regardless of gender, religion and other social division.
Article 27 of Constitution- All citizens are equal before law and entitled to equal protection of law.
Article 28 and 29: Prohibits dissemination on the grounds only on religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
Article (3) reserved 15 Parliament Seats for women which was raised to 45 later on.
Women seats are also reserved in the local governments.
National protection (Bangladesh)
Bangladesh Government has ratified CEDAW, Beijing and ILO Charter.
The suppression of violence against women and children act of 31 January 2000( modified in 2003) for the first time made sexual harassment as criminal offence punishable by law. The law offers ten(10) years imprisonment.
** Section 10(2) of the women and children act refers:
“ Any man who in order to satisfy his lust in an improper manner, outrages the modesty of a women or make absence gestures, will have engaged in sexual harassment for this, the above mentioned male will be sentenced to rigorous imprisonment of not more then seven years and not les then two years and beyond will be subjected to monetary fines as well”
Others related laws supplement the issue
The penal code of 1860 status: whoever, intending to insult the modesty of any women, utters any work, makes any sound or gesture or exhibits any object, intending that such gesture or object shall be seen by such women, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine or with both.
The prevention of terrorism ordinance of 1992: which had a stated life span of two years in sec 02(03) made the annoying of any girl, teenager, including any minor or adult women in the roads vehicles, education institutions or in any public place an offence.
Many others laws to deal with violence against women, though not explicitly on sexual Harassment.
Recent 02 order:
- Eve- teasing
- No punishment in school.
Develop Gender sensitive Policy
How to develop a policy
Consult existing policy. (HR, Gender, Service etc.)
Look for memo, letters etc that has informally introduce many gender friendly thing.
Meet & consult the employers & employee in different groups and different sessions and take note of their feedback.
Survey others organizational policy.
Share the policy in different phases with the employee.
Develop policy in line with organizational mission & Capacity.
Making Intervention in the existing policy
Review organization’s mission and vision.
working conditions and new way of working.
Staff training and development.
Sexual harassment handling committee etc.
Of course we do it together
Prepared by: MD.AMINUL ISLAM shahin Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Thank you all