Mohandas Gandhi was born in the state
of Gujarat, India in 1869.
At the age of
was married to
The marriage had
been arranged for
him by his family.
They had four sons.
He returned to
India in 1891, then
accepted a job at an
Indian law firm in
When he was about to
return to India, he heard
that a law was going
to be passed to prevent
Indian people from voting.
He decided to draw attention to this
injustice and became an activist.
However, Gandhi said:
‘There are many causes that I am
prepared to die for, but no causes that
I am prepared to kill for.’
He spun his own yarn and made his own cloth.
He encouraged others to do the same, instead
of buying imported British material.
At this time Indian villagers were poorly
paid, and many were dying of famine.
In 1918 Gandhi began a campaign to get
them to stand up for themselves against the
British who were ruling India.
It was at this time that Gandhi
became known as Mahatma,
which means ‘Great Soul’.
We call Gandhi ‘The Father
of the Nation.’
, is known
as non-violence day.
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‘‘Be the Change you want to seeBe the Change you want to see
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Non-violence is an essential element of any ‘trust’ – “a feeling
of security and self-identity is acquired through developing a
sense of security in responses of others removed in time and
Violence may be defined as a deliberate act of
aggression, doing physical or mental injury to others or
creating a situation in which others are deprived of the
necessities that otherwise they would have got. Thus lack of
violence creates an assurance for the person interacting in a
situation to cooperate with others.
Non-violence also remains actively engaged in creating a
situation that may lead to the emancipation from fear
cultivating the capacity for sacrifice of the highest type in
order to be free from fear. It helps in developing social
capital of a society.
Conditions that can ensure Non-violence….
• Individual – Any conflicting situation should be faced
with a commitment for self-suffering and a positive
attitude to change the heart of the opponent.
• Economic – Reliance on cottage industries and just
distribution of wealth through Trusteeship.
Gandhi in Noakhali, 1946 - Amidst Fierce Communal Riot