Lecture 1 &_2_-the_osh_act,_standard_and_liability
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Lecture 1 &_2_-the_osh_act,_standard_and_liability

  • 1,819 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,819
On Slideshare
1,819
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
68
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. BETI 3612
  • 2. BETI 3612 Industrial Safety & Health BETI (1)-28 BETI BETI(2)-26 BETI 3612 BETR (1)-18 BETR BETR (2)-17 Lecture & Tutorial Lab session Engr. Asri Bin Din Cik Suziana
  • 3. BETI 3612 Industrial Safety & Health
  • 4. 1. Explain clearly the industrial safety, occupational health hazards in workplaces environment. 2. Apply the appropriate methods and tools to eliminate or reduce the occupational health hazards. 3. Conduct basic safety assessments using methods and tools that they have learned. 4. Measure and demonstrate a safe, feasible occupational health and conducive working environment.
  • 5. 1. Goetsch, D. L. (2011). Occupational safety and health for technologists, engineers, and managers (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN: 10:0-13-254708-2. 2. Undang-undang Malaysia, (2005). Akta keselamatan dan kesihatan pekerjaan 1994 dan peraturan-peraturan, MDC Publishers Sdn Bhd. 3. OGSP Pasport keselamatan NIOSH-minyak dan Gas, (2009). Institut Keselamatan Dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan Negara,Kementerian Sumber Manusia. www.niosh.com.my 4. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health ACT 1994 (ACT 514), Department Of Cccupational Safety And health Ministry Of Human Resources Malaysia 2006, Http://dosh.mohr.gov.my/ ISBN : 983-2014-55-7 5. Reese, C. D. (2003). Occupational health and safety management, a practical approach. Lewis Publishers, A CRC Press Company. ISBN: 1566706203 6. Anton, T. J. (1989). Occupational safety and health management (2nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  • 6. Week Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Week 8 Week 9 Week 10 Week 11 Week 12 Week 13 Week 14 Week 15 Week 16 Week 17 Week 18 Lecture/ Tutorial/ Lab Lecture Lecture Lecture & Tutorial Lecture & Tutorial Lecture & Lab Lecture & Lab Lecture & Lab Semester Break Lecture Lecture & Tutorial Lecture & Tutorial Lecture Lecture Lecture Lecture Study week Exam week Exam week
  • 7. At the end of this session student should able to: 1. Explain the requirement and regulations of OSHA 1994, FMA 1967, EQA 1974 and ESSA 1969. 2. Describe the employer /employee rights and responsibilities
  • 8. • Enacted on 25th Feb. 1994 to ensure safety health and welfare of all persons at all place of work. • The Act contains 67 sections, divided into 15 parts and appended with 3 schedules It’s under the Ministry of Human Resources.
  • 9. All peoples that work at various work place : • Manufacturing, Mining & Quarrying, Construction, Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing, Utilities (Electricity, Gas, Water, Sanitary Services) • Transport, Storage & Communication. • Wholesale & Retail Trades. • Hotels & Restaurants. • Public Services & Statutory Authorities. • Finance, Insurance, Real Estate and Business Services. • IPTA/IPTS EXCEPT : • The armed forces (Army, Navy and Air Force) • Workers on Merchant ships
  • 10. 1. 2. 3. 4. To secure the safety and health of persons at work. To protect persons at a place of work other than employees. To promote an appropriate and suitable environment for persons at work (physiology and psychology). To enable previous legislation to be replaced by regulations and approved industry codes of practices operating in combination with OSH Act 1994. OSHA 1994 emphasize on : • Self- regulation – Employer and workers are responsible to the safety at work place. • Consultation – Employer, workers, governments work together to make decisions. • Workers/ employers cooperation's – Health & safety committee is the mechanism for cooperation between employer and workers. • Participation
  • 11. Control on machines, workers and place of work: 1. Machinery requiring certificate of fitness (From DOSH): - Steam Boilers (PMD) - Hoisting Equipment (PMA) - Lifting Equipment (PMA) - Pressure vessel (PMT)
  • 12. Control on machines, workers and place of work: 2. Certificate of competency for workers : - Drivers : Boiler, steam engine, internal combustion engine. - Engineer : Boiler, steam engine, internal combustion engine. (Classification: First or Second Grade Engineer, Visiting Engineer, Operator) -Crane Operators (mobile, tower) - Scaffolder 3. Place of work : Monitoring and Medical Surveillance. Examples: Noise, Dust, etc.
  • 13. 1974- Environment Quality Act (EQA) (Akta 127) 1978- EQ (Kebersihan Udara) Peraturan 1979- EQ (Kumbahan dan Efluen Industri) Peraturan. 1989- EQ( Bising) Peraturan 2005- EQ (Pelupusan Terjadual) Peraturan
  • 14. 1. PERKESO (Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial). 2. Established as a government department to enforce the SOCSO 1969 .
  • 15. OSH REGULATIONS UNDER OSHA 1994 1. OSH (EMPLOYERS SAFETY AND HEALTH GENERAL POLICY STATEMENTS) (EXCEPTION) REGULATIONS 1995 2. OSH (CONTROL OF INDUSTRIAL MAJOR ACCIDENT HAZARDS) REGULATIONS 1996 3. OSH (SAFETY AND HEALTH COMMITTEE) REGULATIONS 1996 4. OSH (CLASSIFICATION, PACKAGING AND LABELLING OF HAZARDOUS’ CHEMICALS) REGULATIONS 1997
  • 16. OSH REGULATIONS UNDER OSHA 1994 5. OSH (SAFETY AND HEALTH OFFICER) REGULATIONS 1997 6. OSH (USE AND STANDARDS OF EXPOSURE OF CHEMICALS HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH) REGULATIONS 2000. 7. OSH (NOTIFICATION OF ACCIDENT, DANGEROUS OCCURRENCE, OCCUPATIONAL POISONING AND OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE) REGULATIONS 2004
  • 17. ORDERS UNDER OSHA 1994 1. Occupational Safety and Health (Safety and Health Officer) Order 1997. 2. Occupational Safety and Health (Prohibition of Use of Substances) Order 1999.
  • 18. 1. 2. Codes of Practice on Safe Working in a Confined Space 2010 Codes of Practice on Prevention and Management of HIV / AIDS at Work Place 2001 3. Code of Practice on Indoor Air Quality 2010 4. Code of Practice On Prevention and Eradication of Drug, Alcohol and Substance Abuse in the Workplace 2005 5. Code of Practice on Safety Health and Environment For Transportation Sector 2007
  • 19. EXAMPLES OF GUIDELINES 1. Guidelines on First-Aids Facilities In the Workplace 2. Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health In the Office 3. Guidelines on Occupational Safety & Health in Tunnel Construction 4. Assessment of the Health Risk Arising From the Use of Hazardous Chemicals in the Workplace 5. Guidelines for Classification of Hazardous Chemicals 6. Guidelines for Labeling of Hazardous Chemicals 7. Guidelines for Formulation Chemical Safety Data Sheet 8. Guidelines for the Preparation of a Chemical Register 9. Guidelines for the Registration of Assessors, Hygiene Technicians and Occupational Health Doctors
  • 20. DUTIES of EMPLOYER • General duties of employers and self- employed person to their employees  Section 15(1) : It shall be the duty of every employer and selfemployed person to ensure, so far as is practicable, the safety, health and welfare at work of all his employees.  Section 15(2) : without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the matters to which the duty extends include in particulara) The provision and maintenance of plant and systems of work that are, so far as is practicable, safe and without risks to health; b) The making of arrangements for ensuring , so far as is practicable, safety and absence of risks to health in connection with the use or operation, handling, storage and transport of plant and substances;
  • 21. DUTIES of EMPLOYER Section 15(2) : without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the matters to which the duty extends include in particularc) The provision of such information, instruction, training and supervision as is necessary to ensure, so far as is practicable, the safety and health at work of his employees;
  • 22. DUTIES of EMPLOYER Section 15(2) : without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the matters to which the duty extends include in particulard) So far as is practicable, as regards any place of work under the control of the employer or selfemployed person, the maintenance of it in a condition that is safe and without risks to health and the provision and maintenance of the means of access to and egress from it that are safe and without such risks;
  • 23. DUTIES of EMPLOYER Section 15(2) : without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the matters to which the duty extends include in particulare) The provision and maintenance of a working environment for his employees that is, so far as practicable, safe, without risks to health and adequate as regards facilities for their welfare at work. OSHA 1994 Section 19 :  Penalty for an offence under section 15. - A fine not exceeding RM 50,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.
  • 24. DUTIES of EMPLOYER & SELF EMPLOYED PERSONS 1) Employer not to charge PPE on employees (SECTION 26). 2) Employer/ trade union not to discriminate (dismiss, injure or alter position) (SECTION 27). 3) To report accidents, dangerous occurrences, occupational poisonings and diseases (SECTION 32).
  • 25. DUTIES of EMPLOYEE OSHA 1994 Section 24 1) To take reasonable care for the safety and health of himself and of other persons who may be affected by his acts or omission at work; 2) To co-operate with his employer or any other person in the discharge of any duty or requirement imposed on the employer or that other person by this Act or any regulation made thereunder; 3) To wear or user at all times any protective equipment or clothing provided by the employer for the purpose of preventing risks to his safety and health; and 4) To comply with any instruction or measure on OSH instituted by his employer or any other person by or under this Act or any regulation made thereunder.
  • 26. DUTIES of EMPLOYEE OSHA 1994 Section 24(2) A person who contravenes the provisions of this section shall be guilty of an offend and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding RM1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to both
  • 27. 1) DEPARTMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFET AND HEALTH (DOSH)/ JKKP • To study and review the policies and legislations of occupational safety and health. • To enforce the following legislations : a) Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 and its regulations. b) Factories and Machinery Act 1967 and its regulations. c) Part of Petroleum Act 1984 (Safety Measures) and its regulations • To conduct research and technical analysis on issues related to occupational safety and health at the workplace.
  • 28. 1) DEPARTMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFET AND HEALTH (DOSH)/ JKKP • To carry out promotional and publicity programs to employers, workers and the general public to foster and increase the awareness of occupational safety and health. • To become a secretariat for the National Council regarding occupational safety and health
  • 29. 2) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH) • NIOSH assists industries towards compliance in terms of providing services such as chemical health risk assessments (CHRA) as well as chemical, medical and health monitoring. • Provide consultancy services, advice and recommendations to the industries on a safe and healthy system of work. • Constantly developing manpower and expertise on the new and current hazards and issues on OSH such as stress at the workplace, problems related to manual handling, backaches and the detection, monitoring and control of chemical exposure resulting in work related accidents and diseases.
  • 30. 2) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH) • On the administrative and management side, NIOSH also offers training services on understanding the legislative requirements of OSHA and the Factories and Machinery Act, the training of competent persons for certain job tasks as required under the Act, training of trainers for specific courses etc • Also offer consultation services on Safety and Health Management Systems, developing Procedures and Manuals, Safety Audits, Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control, Emergency or Crisis Management and the like.