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Linking curriculum, instruction & assessment
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Linking curriculum, instruction & assessment

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  • 1. According to Howell andEvans (1995) SandsCurriculum is..Structured set oflearning outcomes ortask that educatorsusually call goals andobjectives.The “what” ofteachingKnowledge of thecurriculum is forsuccessfulassessment,evaluation,decision makingand teaching.
  • 2. •SignificanceBrings the content tothe degree to which itcontributes the basicideas, concepts,principles andgeneralizations & tothe development ofparticular learningabilities, skills,process and attitudes
  • 3. Example:curriculum developers whofavour subject matterdesigns think of significancein terms of the concepts andprinciples of each subjectarea. Those who favourlearner-centred designsthink of significance in termsof the needs and interests ofthe learner. While those whofavour a problem-centreddesign would regard theproblems and issues insociety as significant
  • 4. Learnability:Is the appropriateness of the content in thelight of the particular students who are toexperience the curriculum.Example:The content selected for a particular agegroup might be too difficult and teachers needmore time but insufficient time is allotted.Eventually, teachers will end up rushingthrough the material and some students leftbehind not understanding the content.
  • 5. Feasibility:Refers to the question, “Can the selectedcontent be taught in the time allowed,considering the sources, staff &particular community?Example:The number of days allotted for teaching maybe insufficient to cover all the contentbecause schools have to allocate time forextra-curricular activities and other schoolsevents.
  • 6. Assessment is theprocess of collectinginformation whichdescribes studentsachievement inrelation tocurriculumexpectations
  • 7. Level 1: Students has demonstrated few ofthe required knowledge and skills andachievement falls below the standard set.Level 2: Students has demonstrated some ofthe required knowledge and skills andachievement exceeded the standard set.Level 3: Students has demonstrated most ofthe required knowledge and skills andachievement exceeded the standard set.Level 4: Students has demonstrated all therequired knowledge and skills andachievement has exceeded the standard set.
  • 8. Instruction refers to thevarious ways ofteaching, teachingstyles, approaches,techniques, and steps indelivering thecurriculum. It is acomplex activity thatrequires teachers to usea variety of action toaccomplish a variety offunctions.
  • 9. Several factors on how well instruction will be done..1. Learner – the center and the one who receivesinstruction. The learners will be the one to putaction on the objectives.2. Teacher – He/she guides the implementationof the plan. Often times referred to as instructorsbecause they give instruction.3. Learning Environment – This where learningoccurs. It provides the situation or the conditionsfor teaching and learning to occur.
  • 10. 4. Subject Matter – this is the content ofinstruction. Ideas, concept, principles andtheories in the different disciplines that aretaken up as a means to accomplish theobjectives.5. Method of teaching and learning – This isthe heart of instruction.6. Measurement – refers to assessment.
  • 11. 4. Subject Matter – this is the content ofinstruction. Ideas, concept, principles andtheories in the different disciplines that aretaken up as a means to accomplish theobjectives.5. Method of teaching and learning – This is theheart of instruction.6. Measurement – refers to assessment.