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  1. 1. <ul><li>Naqibullah </li></ul><ul><li>Topic Albert Einstein </li></ul>
  2. 3. Early Age <ul><li>Albert Einstein was born in march 14 th , 1879 in Ulm, Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>He couldn’t speak till age of 6. </li></ul><ul><li>The first word he spoke was soup. </li></ul><ul><li>He used to repeat sentences again and again. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Education <ul><li>He was fair but not an outstanding student. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to weakness in school studies he was expelled from school in 3 rd grade. </li></ul><ul><li>By the age of 13 he used to work with high mathematics. </li></ul><ul><li>He got his High School diploma in 1869 at the age of 17.5. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Marriage <ul><li>“ A hundred times every day I remind myself that my inner and outer life, depend on the labours of other men, living and dead, and that I must exert myself in order to give in the same measure as I have received.” </li></ul>Wedding with Mileva, in 1903 at age 24.
  5. 6. Einstein's “Miracle year 1905” <ul><li>1. The Photoelectric Effect, </li></ul><ul><li>used Planck’s Quantum Hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Special Theory of Relativity. </li></ul><ul><li>3. How Mass and Energy, were Equivalent. </li></ul>
  6. 7. E=mc ² <ul><li>In the age of 26 he presented the Energy Mass conversion Equation. </li></ul><ul><li>Which suggests that a small mass can be converted into huge amount of energy. </li></ul><ul><li>The equation made him father of Nuclear Age. </li></ul><ul><li>He won noble prize for this master piece achievement. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Relativity and Light <ul><li>The theory of relativity says that all motions are relative to certain reference. </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein decided that light is both a wave and a particle… that’s right… BOTH </li></ul><ul><li>Light is the fundamental measure of the Universe just like time is here on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Since the Universe is so big, our understanding of time and space and physics and basically everything just does not apply… </li></ul>
  8. 9. Einstein’s expectation from relativity theory <ul><li>“ If my theory of relativity </li></ul><ul><li>is proven successful, </li></ul><ul><li>Germany will claim me as a German, and France will declare that I am a citizen of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Should my theory prove untrue, France will say that I am a German, and Germany will declare that I am a Jew.” </li></ul>
  9. 13. Photo Electric Effect <ul><li>This is also a master piece work of Einstein. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the basis of modern electric technology. </li></ul><ul><li>This changed physics and western thought forever. </li></ul>
  10. 14. Noble Prize <ul><li>In 1921 at age 42, Nobel Prize for his 1905 work on the Photoelectric Effect. </li></ul>“ Science without religion is lame; religion without science is blind.”
  11. 15. Departure to USA <ul><li>He left Germany in 1931. </li></ul><ul><li>He went to USA. </li></ul><ul><li>He left Germany because of criticism of german scientific by calling his theories as Jew’s sign. </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis used to kill Jews. </li></ul>
  12. 16. American’s Citizenship <ul><li>He became an American Citizen in 1940 at age 61 with his secretary and his stepdaughter. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Sympathy towards humanity <ul><li>USA used his work without his permission. </li></ul><ul><li>USA invented atomic bomb by using Einstein’s physical formulation. </li></ul><ul><li>When Einstein saw the Yuroshima and Nakasaki US bomb destructions. </li></ul><ul><li>He started working for peace keeping and for welfare of humanity. </li></ul>
  14. 19. <ul><li>The nuclear attack on Japan made him so dishearted that he stopped research work and started working in philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>He worked for the creation of Jewish state Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>He was offer the presidency of the Israel in 1952 but he refused it. </li></ul>
  15. 20. Newton Vs Einstein
  16. 21. Death <ul><li>In 17 th April, 1955 he was admitted in the hospital because of stomach disease . </li></ul><ul><li>He was preparing a speech for a TV appearance at the 7 th anniversary of Israel but he didn’t live longer to complete it. </li></ul><ul><li>He was expired at the age of 76. </li></ul>
  17. 22. Einstein’s Brain <ul><li>Einstein’s brain was removed from his skull after his death. </li></ul><ul><li>It was removed by Dr. Thomos Harvi. </li></ul><ul><li>It cut into more than 250 pieces for study. </li></ul><ul><li>These pieces are well preserved upto now. </li></ul>
  18. 23. Conclusion <ul><li>Today scientists say that if we are to exchange our scientific achievements after 1955(death of Einstein) with another Einstein, we will prefer this exchange. </li></ul><ul><li>Which proves his importance in today’s world. </li></ul>
  19. 24. Thanks!