The Role of Community Policing in Crime
Prevention
&
Public Opinions, Views, and Related Issues
This is a Questionnaire pr...
9. Address (present / permanent / office):

Category 02: Information Related to Crime, Role & Attitude
of Police
1. What k...
2. Among which of the criminal activities mentioned in no.01 in category
02, your fear of crime is mostly existent and why...
 All of the above
Please mention any other reasons that you think is important :

Category 03: Information Related to Com...
 Yes
 No
8. If you support Community Policing, mention why do you support? (put
tick marks, where applicable)
 Public w...
 No
Please mention your personal opinion, if any:
10. What do you think may be the characteristics of Community Policing?...
 Collecting information on suspicious people & organizations in the
concerned areas.
 Collecting information on local la...
 Agree
 Do not agree
 Do not have any idea
14. Another important medium to fulfill the objectives of Community
Policing...






Definitely possible
Possible
Possible to some extent
Less Possible
Impossible

18. Do you think that people of ...
21. The main idea of Community Policing is to establish a police-public
relation based on mutual cooperation and partnersh...














Name of the Community Policing Association (CPA)
Registration Number
Year of Establishment
Offic...
young and competent members constitute this board. The general
structure of the board involves the President, General Secr...
27. Empowerment of people as citizens can be established through
Community Policing.
Do you agree?






Fully agree
...
Do you agree?






Fully agree
Agree
Agree to some extent
Agree with reservations
Disagree

Please mention your pers...
 Agree to some extent
 Agree with reservations
 Disagree
Please mention your personal opinion, if any:
32. Prevention o...
34. Women, who are viewed as weak & vulnerable group in society, have
limited opportunity to get service from police or ot...
36. Do you think that the standard of services of police and other legal
services to women can improve through Community P...
 All of the above
Please mention your personal opinion, if any:

38. What do you think may be the ideal structure of Comm...
40. No law has been regulated in order to introduce & implement
Community Policing in our country. However, the act- ‘Publ...
 Disagree
Please mention your personal opinion, if any :

42. There are separate dedicated Community Police Officers empl...
 Has not fully reached
 Has not reached
46. What do you think may be the benefits of Community Policing? (put tick
marks...
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Community police

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Transcript of "Community police"

  1. 1. The Role of Community Policing in Crime Prevention & Public Opinions, Views, and Related Issues This is a Questionnaire prepared for conducting primary research work. The information elicited from the respondents will be used only for the concerned research work. Thanks for your co-operation, sincerity and integrity in filling up the Questionnaire. You may or may not mention your name. Information provided by you will be treated strictly confidential. You are thanked again for sparing your valuable time. Category 01: Personal Information of the Respondent (Please put tick marks where applicable. You can use extra pages to add your personal opinions, if any) Telephone / Mobile Phone Number (optional) 1. Name (optional): 2. Age: 3. Gender: (a) Male (b) Female 4. Marital Status: (a) Married (b) Unmarried (c) Divorced / Widow / Widower / Separated / Others 5. Ethnicity: (a) Bangali 6. Academic Qualification: 7. Occupation (please mention): 8. Income (monthly): (b) Other (please mention)
  2. 2. 9. Address (present / permanent / office): Category 02: Information Related to Crime, Role & Attitude of Police 1. What kinds of criminal activities take place in the area you live in? (Put tick marks, where applicable)                         Robbery Extortion Murder Rape Demand of Dowry Abduction of Women & Children Other types of Abductions Children Abuse Demanding Tolls Eve Teasing Human Trafficking Acid Throwing Land Disputes Threatening & terrorism Swindling Burglary Stealing of Cars Balm Party Illegal Drugs / Narcotics Smuggling Bomb Exploding Illegal Arms Police Assault Others (please mention)
  3. 3. 2. Among which of the criminal activities mentioned in no.01 in category 02, your fear of crime is mostly existent and why? 3. How much are you satisfied with the role of police in preventing such criminal activities?      Highly satisfied Satisfied Satisfied to some extent Less Satisfied Dissatisfied 4. If the role of police is not satisfactory, what are the reasons for this, in your view? (Put tick marks, where applicable) Lack of own abilities Scarcity of police logistics Lack of sincerity Lack of proper training Lack of professional knowledge Lack of inspirational activities Indifference in police work arising from less salary & financial benefits  No work environment for police due to political, hierarchical & other influential pressure  Absence of active public participation & cooperation in crime prevention  Absence of public-police mutual cooperation & partnership in crime prevention       
  4. 4.  All of the above Please mention any other reasons that you think is important : Category 03: Information Related to Community Policing 5. Community Policing is a system that relates to a social organization in which police and public are in partnership and mutual cooperation to work together to prevent crime, maintain law & order , and resolve different social problems. Do you agree?  Agree  Do not agree  Do not have any idea 6. Do you think that with the practice of community policing based on mutual cooperation and participation of police and public, it is possible to move towards a satisfactory level of peace in society through prevention & control of crime, reducing fear of crime, social work, and endeavor to restore decaying moral values?      Definitely possible Possible Possible to some extent Less Possible Impossible 7. Do you support Community Policing?
  5. 5.  Yes  No 8. If you support Community Policing, mention why do you support? (put tick marks, where applicable)  Public work as assisting hand and as an additional ability in policing.  Police & public attached to the same work can ensure a satisfactory service.  It is possible to prevent crime effectively.  The distance between police and public diminishes.  Confidence of criminals starts to wane.  Overall criminal activities tend to reduce.  Fear of crime among public reduces.  Social problems can be resolved locally  It is possible to restore social & moral values.  All of the above. Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 9. The necessity & importance of Community Policing are as follows:  Police & public can participate in crime prevention through mutual cooperation & exchange of information.  Police & public can create an environment of mutual trust.  They can build an organizational bridge.  Police, being answerable to public, can establish Human Rights as well as Democratic Policing. Do you agree?  Yes
  6. 6.  No Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 10. What do you think may be the characteristics of Community Policing? (Put tick marks where applicable)  It is a process of crime prevention and problem solving  It ensures regular communication between police & public; and the latter is inspired to help police.  It is a philosophy of policing acceptable to both police & public.  Public get the opportunity to identify local problems & its causes , and can work with police to resolve the problems in partnership.  Accountability of police towards public can be ensured.  Trust, mutual understanding, and respect to each other is augmented.  Public come across police activities & can have knowledge of limitations of police.  The distance between police and public is reduced, and fear of crime as well as fear of police decreases..  Police can work as a catalyst by encouraging and suggesting people so that people may find their ways to resolve their own problems.  The opportunity to use the property of the community for its own service and progress is created.  All of the above. Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 11. What do you think can be the duties & activities of Community Policing?  Public awareness raising activities against crime & criminals  Collecting information on crime tendency
  7. 7.  Collecting information on suspicious people & organizations in the concerned areas.  Collecting information on local land grabbers, terrorists & hooligans, drug dealers and godfathers.  Informing police about criminals’ dens as well as preparation of committing crime  Making next plans by police according to the information received  Raising public awareness against women & children repression and ensuring women’s equal participation as well as women empowerment  Mitigating local disputes  Maintaining communal harmony  Participating in social welfare & entertainment activities  All of the above Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 12. Since public have less idea about Community Policing, do you think that police, as a catalyst, have to take up the responsibility to educate public so that they may have a comprehensive & clear idea about Community Policing?  Yes  No 13. An organization established by voluntary & spontaneous participation of local people, known as Community Policing Association (CPA) or Community Policing Forum (CPF) or Community Policing Unit (CPU) or another suitable name, works as a body through & by which the objectives of Community Policing is fulfilled. In other words, the main organizational body through which police & public mutually cooperate & participate in policing – is Community Policing Association. Do you agree?
  8. 8.  Agree  Do not agree  Do not have any idea 14. Another important medium to fulfill the objectives of Community Policing is ‘Open House Day’. It is a monthly meeting for crime prevention and maintaining law & order, where representatives of general people of a police station area join to discuss crime issues & to take decisions with the police officers in a participative way. Do you have any idea about it?  Yes  No 15. ‘ Open House Day ’ was first launched in Dhaka Metropolitan Police in June 2007, and became successful immediately. Thereafter it gained recognition almost to all as an effective way in crime prevention as well as in resolving other local issues through a management system of policepublic cooperation & participation. Do you agree?  Yes  No 16. Do you support the system of ‘ Open House Day’?  Yes  No 17. Do you think that police station can be made open to all through the practice of ‘ Open House Day’?
  9. 9.      Definitely possible Possible Possible to some extent Less Possible Impossible 18. Do you think that people of the locality can directly participate in decision making process in respect of crime prevention, public order, and other local problems?       Very much Much Medium Less Even less Not at all 19. Do you think that it is possible to achieve a partnership management between people and police through ‘Open House Day’ system?      Definitely possible Possible Possible to some extent Less Possible Impossible 20. Do you think that police accountability of local police station can be ensured through ‘Open House Day’ system?       Very much Much Medium Less Even less Not at all
  10. 10. 21. The main idea of Community Policing is to establish a police-public relation based on mutual cooperation and partnership. The media for such relation and bridging are:  Community Policing Association (CPA) which is a voluntary organization through which public relation with local police and other police units is maintained.  ‘Open House Day’ through which police-public bridging is created.  Exchange of information, exchanging views, and close interaction with people by police officers who move around in different places for patrol duties, investigation, and other assigned duties. Do you support these three (03) media mentioned above?  Yes  No 22. Strategies for implementation of Community Policing may be as follows:  In the beginning, identifying potential areas in the cities, towns, and villages where Community Policing is intended to take place.  Educating people about the benefits of Community Policing, forming public opinions in favor of it, organizing local people, and directing primary activities with mutual cooperation and coordination.  To start Community policing by establishing Community Policing Association (CPA). Do you agree?  Yes  No 23. The following fundamental pieces of information will be, in general, included in the constitution of a Community Policing Association (CPA):
  11. 11.             Name of the Community Policing Association (CPA) Registration Number Year of Establishment Office Address Organizational Structure: (i) Advisory Board (ii) Functional Board Structure, Duties, and Responsibilities of Committee Organizational Rules Amendment and Addition in Constitution Aim and Objective Scope of Activities Budget, Expenditure, and Audit Monogram of Association Do u support the general structure of the constitution mentioned above?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 24. The organizational structure of Community Policing Association has two tiers:  Advisory Board: Respectable senior citizens of the locality, local leaders, women’s representatives, public representatives, and police officers are included in this board.  Functional Board: Enthusiastic, cosmopolitan, comparatively .
  12. 12. young and competent members constitute this board. The general structure of the board involves the President, General Secretary, Organizing Secretary, and Members. Do you support such an organizational structure?  Yes  No Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 25. What should be the number of members of Advisory Board and Functional Board to make Community Policing efffective, in your view?  No. of member in Advisory Board:  No. of member in Functional Board: 26. To ensure coordination and supervision of Community Policing throughout the country, it is necessary to establish coordination committees in the police station areas, district levels, and division levels. A central community police department should be established in the Police Headquarters. Do you agree to the idea?  Yes  No Category 04: Miscellaneous
  13. 13. 27. Empowerment of people as citizens can be established through Community Policing. Do you agree?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 28. By strengthening empowerment of people through Community Policing, it is possible, to some extent, that people have their own sovereign power. Do you agree?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 29. Community Policing can play important role in establishing the rule of law, good governance, and human rights in the society.
  14. 14. Do you agree?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 30. ‘Democratic Policing” is a system that involves duties performed work done by police in establishing a society with obedience to citizens, constitution, and law; respect towards human rights; protection as well as development of human rights & related issues; and the rule of law. Do you agree?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 31. By establishing Community Policing, much of the work of establishing Democratic Policing can be done. Do you agree?  Fully agree  Agree
  15. 15.  Agree to some extent  Agree with reservations  Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 32. Prevention of crime and Public Order Management (POM) are important duties & responsibilities of police. Community Policing can play important role in Public Order Management (POM). Do you agree?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 33. There are complaints from people regarding ‘Police Harassment’. Community Policing can be very useful in controlling such an issue. Do you agree?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any:
  16. 16. 34. Women, who are viewed as weak & vulnerable group in society, have limited opportunity to get service from police or other legal services. Do you agree?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 35. What may be the reasons that women get limited legal services? ( please put tick marks where applicable)  Service of police which has not been women-friendly  Indifference of Women to complaint against their husbands as attempts to save their matrimonial lives  Insufficiency of trained woman police officers  Lack of cooperation as well as sympathy from family & relatives to a female member  Ignorance and Illiteracy  Overall social environment which is not in line of benefits of women.  Empowerment of women in society has not been proper  Police fear & lack of trust in police  All of the above Please mention your personal opinion, if any:
  17. 17. 36. Do you think that the standard of services of police and other legal services to women can improve through Community Policing?      Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 37. What are the probable ways to ensure participation & empowerment of women in society within the scope of Community Policing? ( please put tick marks where applicable)  Forming public opinions in establishing human rights of women  Playing the role of a catalyst in shaping positive mentality of males towards women  Ensuring women representation & participation in Community Policing Association / Community Policing Forum  Being more sensitive to problems of women; and being proactive in solving their problems  Weighing / Evaluating opinions of women in resolution of disputes  Weighing / Evaluating opinions of women in decision making process  Allocating and empowering women in important posts in the organization  To give recognition to abilities of women  Educating police officers of police stations to be sensitive to women issues; Putting emphasis on complaints & problems received from women; and ensuring proper service in such cases.
  18. 18.  All of the above Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 38. What do you think may be the ideal structure of Community Policing? (please put tick marks where applicable)        Voluntary Social welfare oriented Impartial / Neutral (does not serve any particular group interest) With operational freedom Non-political Socially resistant against crime All of the above Please mention your personal opinion, if any: 39. Finance is required in Community Policing. Probable sources of finance are as follows:  Spontaneous & voluntary donations from people  Contributions from NGOs involved in social welfare activities, corporate bodies (in the scope of Corporate Social ResponsibilitiesCSR), and concerned partners  Grants or otherwise sanctioned financing from the government  All of the above Please mention your personal opinion, if any:
  19. 19. 40. No law has been regulated in order to introduce & implement Community Policing in our country. However, the act- ‘Public Safety, Partnership & Community Policing Act, 1994’ was enacted by the US Congress; and budget was allocated officially, mentioning Community Policing as ‘The strategy to Combat Crime’ in the Act. Do you support the idea of regulating such an Act for our country?  Yes  No 41. The following entities can be mentionable stakeholders for planning, implementing, cooperating & coordinating Community Policing system.  Community where the system is functioning.  Concerned police unit (e.g. police station).  Businessmen, other professionals, concerned government agencies, NGOs, Voluntary organizations, charity organizations, social institutions (e.g. clubs), religious institutions, and organizations dealing with protection of rights.  Elected public representatives.  Public communication media  Corporate bodies ( in the scope of Corporate Social ResponsibilityCSR)  All of the above Do you agree?     Fully agree Agree Agree to some extent Agree with reservations
  20. 20.  Disagree Please mention your personal opinion, if any : 42. There are separate dedicated Community Police Officers employed only to perform community police duties in both the United Kingdom and Nepal; in other words, those police officers perform duties only related to Community Policing. Never are they assigned to any other police duties or responsibilities. There is no such dedicated community police unit. To strengthen as well as expedite Community Policing system, Bangladesh needs such separate and dedicated community police officers. Do you agree?  Yes  No 43. People should have the right and clear idea about Community Policing; in other words, people must not have misconceptions. Do you agree?  Yes  No 44. 45. Has Community Policing reached the expected and proper level in our country?  Has fully reached  Has reached  Has reached to a certain extent
  21. 21.  Has not fully reached  Has not reached 46. What do you think may be the benefits of Community Policing? (put tick marks where applicable) Appearing as a supportive and additional capacity to the police Ensuring police service Reducing distance between police and people Organizational bridging Waning confidence of criminals Diminution of local crime Security of local people Empowerment of public Resisting police harassment Victim support Restoring social values Establishing the ‘Rule of Law’ Good governance Protection of human rights Resolving family and disputes Social justice Social resistance Maintaining public order Women empowerment and participation Establishing children’s rights Arrangement of sports, cultural acivities and other entertainment related events  All of the above                      47. 48. 49.

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