The Revolutions in England

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The Revolutions in England

  1. 1. Aim/Goal: How did Parliament emerge supreme in England? Do Now: What causes revolutions? Why do they occur?
  2. 2. Vocab:  Revolution: The overthrow of one government and the substitution with another  Civil war: A war between groups of people from the same country, culture, or political system.  Absolutism: A monarch (King/Queen) who has total control. Example is King Louis XIV of France.  Divine Right: the idea that God decides who should be King/Queen.
  3. 3. English Civil War 1642 1. James I (1603-25) a. Divine right b. Conflict with Parliament c. Puritans
  4. 4. Activity: Read Document #1 and answer all questions in full sentences in your notebook.  Helpful terms reviewed: 1. Parliament: legislative body (makes the laws). In the USA we call it Congress. 2. Petition of Right: (1628): Kings power is limited. 3. Magna Carta (1215): Kings power was limited.
  5. 5. Answer #1: 1. How did James Stuart become King of England? James Stuart became King of England because his cousin Queen Elizabeth I died and she had no heir to the throne.
  6. 6. Answer #2: 2. Why did King James I have trouble with Parliament? King James I had trouble with Parliament because he believed in the Divine Right of Kings and he spent a lot of money. In order for him to get money he needed to ask Parliament— in which they usually shot him down.
  7. 7. Answer #3: 3. Explain the differences between the Roundheads and the Cavaliers in the English Civil War. Which side won? The Roundheads were member of Parliament, middle class and the Puritans (Protestants). The Cavaliers sided with the King and they were Roman Catholics, nobles and rich landowners. The Roundheads were the WINNERS!
  8. 8. Answer #4: 4. Oliver Cromwell is the only person to rule England for the last 900 years who was not a King. Explain how this happened. Oliver Cromwell is the only person to rule England who was not a King because after the death or should I say after the execution of King Charles I, Cromwell became a dictator (he did whatever he wanted).
  9. 9. James I Charles I Trial & Beheading of Charles I Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector Charles II JamesII The English Civil War – a.k.a. The Cheeseburger Revolution Mary William of Orange
  10. 10. Activity #2: Read Document #2 and answer questions #5-6 in full sentences in your notebooks.
  11. 11. Answer #5 5. What were the causes of the Glorious Revolution? The causes of the Glorious Revolution were… King James II
  12. 12. Answer #6: 6. Why were William and Mary asked to rule England? William and Mary were asked to rule England because…
  13. 13. The Glorious Revolution (1688-1689) 1. The Glorious Revolution was not a bloody revolution like the English Civil war was. 2. King James II fled England and his daughter Mary and son-in-law William were invited by Parliament to take his place. 3. Bill of Rights (1689): is a primary source document that established Parliaments supremacy over the King. This starts the concept of a “limited monarchy” in England.
  14. 14. James I Charles I Trial & Beheading of Charles I Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector Charles II JamesII The English Civil War – a.k.a. The Cheeseburger Revolution Mary William

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