Feudalism in Western
Aim/Goal: How did feudalism answer problems
raised by the fall of the Roman Empire?
Fall of Rome
The fall of Rome in 476
A.D. changed the map
The once great empire
was replaced by
hundreds of little
Collapse of the Central
During the Roman Empire, there was a central
government. It made laws and had armies to
However, with the fall of Rome, the central
Hundreds of little kingdoms governed in its
1. Historians called this time period the “Dark
Ages,” because ____________
2. Since many Europeans forgot what the Greeks
and Romans contributed and many people
did not know how to read or write, who
became the “teachers” to the people of
Europe? The teachers became __________
3. Feudalism means ____________
Europeans created “feudalism” because
4. Self-sufficient means _______________
Give an example of someone you know who is
Feudalism was the political, social,
economic and military system of the
In a feudal society, land is exchanged for
military service and loyalty.
The ownership of land was the basis or
NO POWER, JUST HAS THE
People who owned land
were called lords.
Lords gave land to lesser
lords called vassals.
A vassal had to obey
his lord and give military
service and loyalty to
Peasants were frightened.
They turned to landowners for protection.
Peasants offered their labor in exchange
These peasants were called serfs.
It was a dangerous
time to be a
to rich landowners
with armies for
A serf was “bound to the land.”
He could not leave his lord’s land.
He was not a slave because he could not
But he was not free because he could not
Write a paragraph explaining who you
would want to be in the European feudal
structure (King, Lord, Knight, Serf) and