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Aim/Goals: What was the causes of the
(1) What is the definition of “monotheism?”
(2) Locate Jerusalem on your map.
Homework: Create a poster or want ad for
various groups in medieval Europe describing
why they should join the Crusades. Be
creative and use color.
Do Now Responses:
(1) Monotheism is
(2) Jerusalem is located in
Jerusalem is here.
There is fighting between
Palestinian Muslims & Jews
For this territory.
(1) Based on this map, which holy city was the destination of the first four
Who were the Popes?
• Pope is head of the Catholic
• Had enormous influence
over all of Western Europe
• Popes supported & advised
• Popes thought they had supreme
authority over all the people of
Christiandom including Kings
• This was based on the idea that Christ’s
apostle, Peter, was the first “Pope” &
represented Christ on earth.
Read Document #2 and answer question
The goals of the Crusades were
Who were the
• Serfs who wanted
change from their
• Children who
believed in the idea
• Women & nuns who
believed in the idea
• Knights who wanted
something to fight
Pope Urban II called the Crusades,
“Holy Wars,” (1096-1291) to:
• Purpose: to drive Muslims out of the
Holy Land of Jerusalem, in Israel.
• Restore Holy Land for Christian Pilgrims
who liked to visit there.
• Give knights a purposeful mission.
• To unite Christians under him.
Difference between a
Crusade and a Pilgrimage
• Crusade was a holy war, fought
in Jerusalem against Muslims
• Pilgrimage was a peaceful visit to a
holy place (church, shrine) where a
saint was buried or holy event took
Jerusalem is a holy city
To Muslims, Jews,
And Christians. It is
Located in Israel.
Read Document #3 and answer question
#3 in full sentences in your notebook.
The reasons why the people joined the
Read Document #4 and answer question
#4 in full sentences in your notebook.
The Crusaders are considered hypocrites
Crusaders in Jerusalem
What do you notice taking place
In this painting?
• Christians saw
Muslims as “infidels”
• “Infidel” is someone
who doesn’t share
your religious belief.
• Muslims saw
Response to Document #5
Many Muslims still consider Saladin a
hero because ___________________
• A major goal of the Christian Church during the Crusades
(1096–1291) was to
1. establish Christianity in western Europe
2. capture the Holy Land (Jerusalem) from Islamic rulers
3. unite warring Arab peoples
4. strengthen English dominance in the Arab world
Results of the Crusades
• Failure to win back the
• Decline of Pope’s
prestige & feudalism.
• Interest in other places
ideas, and cultures.
What do you think?
• Were Crusades a poor decision? Good
decision? Why or why not?
• Should you impose your ideas on
• Were there some good things that
happened as a result?
• Would you have supported the idea of