The Bill of Rights
The First 10 Amendments to the Constitution
• Take notes on the
slides as they
• Draw pictures to
represent at least
five of the
• The 1st Amendment guarantees freedom of
religion, speech, the press, assembly, and petition.
• This means that we all have the right to:
• practice any religion we want to
• to speak freely
• to assemble (meet)
• to address the government (petition)
• to publish newspapers, TV, radio, Internet (press)
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• The 2nd
protects the right
to bear arms, which
means the right to
own a gun.
• The 3rd Amendment says “No soldier
shall, in time of peace be quartered in
any house, without the consent of the
owner, nor in time of war, but in a
manner to be prescribed by law.”
• This means that we cannot be forced to
house or quarter soldiers.
• The 4th Amendment protects the people
from unreasonable searches and seizures.
• This means that the police must have a
warrant to enter our homes. It also means
the government cannot take our property,
papers, or us, without a valid warrant based
on probable cause (good reason).
• The 5th Amendment protects people from
being held for committing a crime unless
they are properly indicted, (accused)
• You may not be tried twice for the same
crime (double jeopardy)
• You don’t have to testify against yourself
in court. (Self-incrimination)
• The 6th Amendment
guarantees a speedy trial
(you can’t be kept in jail for
over a year without a trial)
• an impartial jury (doesn’t
already think you are guilty)
• that the accused can
confront witnesses against
• the accused must be allowed
to have a lawyer
• The 7th Amendment guarantees the
right to a speedy civil trial.
• A civil trial differs from a criminal trial. A
civil trial is when someone sues
someone else. A criminal trial is when
the state tries to convict someone of a
• The 8th
punishments will be
fair and not cruel,
large fines will not
• All rights not stated in the Constitution
and not forbidden by the Constitution
belong to the people.
• This means that the states can do what
they want if the Constitution does not
• The 10th Amendment states that any
power not granted to the federal
government belongs to the states or
to the people.