01 west africa kingdoms

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01 west africa kingdoms

  1. 1. Aim: What caused the rise and fall of the West African Kingdoms? Do Now: What makes a kingdom great? Aim: How did the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai show the richness of Africa? Do Now: Matching
  2. 2. Matching Vocabulary • • • • • • • A. Lineage B. Stateless society C. Patrilineal D. Matrilineal E. Maghrib F. Almoravids G. Almohads • Part of N. Africa that is Libya today. D • Mom’s side of the family G • Group of Berber Muslims A • Common ancestors F • Strict religious brotherhood C • Dad’s side of the family B • No system of central power E Aim: How did the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai show the richness of Africa? Do Now: Matching
  3. 3. Natural Resources • • • • • Salt Gold Cloth Weapons Timber Aim: How did the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai show the richness of Africa? Do Now: Matching
  4. 4. Empire of Ghana • 3rd Century Berber nomads begin using camels. This made trade much easier in the Sahara • Trade increased • Soninke people called their land Ghana • 700’s: Ghana was a kingdom and the rulers were getting rich by taxing trade Aim: How did the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai show the richness of Africa? Do Now: Matching
  5. 5. Ghana on the Map Aim: How did the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai show the richness of Africa? Do Now: Matching
  6. 6. Primary Source • The king adorns himself…wearing necklaces and bracelets…The court of appeal Is held in a domed pavilion around which stand ten horses with gold embroidered trappings. Behind the king stand ten pages holding shields and swords decorated with god, and on his right are the sons of the subordinate kings of his country, all wearing splendid garments and with their hair mixed with gold. – Al-Bakri • What does this quote tell us about life in Ghana? Aim: How did the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai show the richness of Africa? Do Now: Matching
  7. 7. Empire of Mali • 1235 Mali emerges as a major kingdom • Located south of Ghana • This kingdom became important when resources became scarce and trade routes shifted • This made them wealthy and helped Mali to obtain more power. Aim: How did the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai show the richness of Africa? Do Now: Matching
  8. 8. Assignment • Most of the information that we have about the early African civilization is based on oral traditions. Why should this be so? What advantages are there to oral history as compared to written accounts. What other historical sources might be found to confirm or dispute oral accounts? Aim: How did the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai show the richness of Africa? Do Now: Matching

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