01 qin dynasty

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01 qin dynasty

  1. 1. Aim/Goal: What legacy did the Qin (Chin) dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching Acupuncture Dowry ________ Medical treatment where needles are inserted in the skin Dowry Philosophy Confucianism __________ Payment to a bride’s new husband Dynasty __________ A family of rulers; passed from father to son Philosophy Dynasty Acupuncture __________ a system of ideas Confucianism __________ Philosophy of ancient China that stressed Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? relationships Do Now: Matching
  2. 2. • Research the meaning of the Chinese Dragon • Write a children’s story that has the Chinese Dragon as a major character. – There should be a moral to the story • Example: bravery, courage, responsibility, etc. – – – – The book should be illustrated with pictures It should have 10 pages plus a cover Use your IMAGINATION!! This will count as a test. Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  3. 3. Shi Huangdi • Named himself the first emperor of China – Came to power during the downfall of the Zhou Dynasty – He was brutal, but China entered their classical age under his rule – This set the standard for later Dynasties Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  4. 4. Unification • Shi Huangdi – – – – – – – Abolished feudalism Created 36 military districts Sent inspectors to report back to him Forced noble families to live in the capital city, Xianyang Distributed land to peasents Taxes were high Standardized system of money, measurement, writing and language – Built roads and canals – Tortured and killed any one who opposed him – Burned all books except those on medicine and agriculture Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  5. 5. Greatest Acheivement: The Great Wall • • • • Built during the Qin Dynasty Rebuilt and expanded over years Wall is 25 feet high w/ roads for armies. Qin Dynasty collapses in 210 BC due to revolts, taxes, cruel policies, yet the wall remains to this day. Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  6. 6. View from space! Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  7. 7. Primary Source • Shi Huangdi built a monument with the following inscription: “A new age is inaugurated by the Emperor; Rule and measures are rectified, The myriad things set in order… And there is harmony between fathers and sons The Emperor in his sagacity, benevolence and justice He made all laws and principles manifest.” Sima Qian, quoted in Records of the Historian What philosophy influenced Sima Qian? Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  8. 8. Soldier of Shi Huangdi • This terra-cotta soldier is one of more than 8,000 that stand guard inside the tomb of Emperor Shi Huangdi. A farmer uncovered the tomb in 1974 while digging a well. • How does the figure symbolize the power and authority of Shi Huangdi? Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  9. 9. Terra-Cotta Soldiers Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  10. 10. Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  11. 11. What are the problems of governing a large empire? • • • • Communication Different people Different languages Loyality to old rulers Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  12. 12. How can a ruler govern a large empire to establish stability and prosperity? • Use military force to add/control new territories. • Divide territories into provinces w/ local governors • Allow local self-government and tolerate local customs • Encourage adoption of empire’s religion, language and culture • Build roads and other communication channels. Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching
  13. 13. Why is good government important in a large empire? • Resentment leads to rebellion and may produce instability. • It becomes easer to govern diverse cultures and populations • Loyalty to empire and its leaders grows • People identify with dominant culture, which promotes unity. • The empire is unified, which makes expansion and control easier and promotes trade. Aim: What legacy did the Qin dynasty leave on Chinese history? Do Now: Matching

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