• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content

Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

Islam For the beginners

on

  • 450 views

Islam For the beginners

Islam For the beginners

Statistics

Views

Total Views
450
Views on SlideShare
443
Embed Views
7

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
7
Comments
0

2 Embeds 7

http://waytoislaam.blogspot.in 4
http://waytoislaam.blogspot.com 3

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Islam For the beginners Islam For the beginners Presentation Transcript

    • Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v- ÚÄ°TÉqæ∏d ΩÓ°SE’G
    • iao¿ aZon- Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v- NICHE PUBLICATIONS P.B No: 832, Poothole, Thrissur - 4. ÚÄ°TÉqæ∏d ΩÓ°SE’G
    • Malayalam | Study | Islam Thudakkakkarku Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v-- Author: Shameer Madeeni | First Edition: July 2013 Price: $. 35.00 Publishers | Distribution: Niche Publications | P.B. No:832 | Poothole | Thrissur-4 | Kerala | India www.nicheoftruth.org|Email:dawa@nicheoftruth.org Cover: Niche Graphics | Layout: Safeer Rahman Printing:EbenezerPrinters,Thrissur
    • Cu- tem-IØn-sm-cp- {kjv-Sm-hp-≠v ˛ Po-h≥- ¬-In- hmbp-hpw- sh≈hpw- ku-Icy-s∏Sp-Øn- `q-an-sb Po-hnX-tbmKy- am-°n-b ]caIm-cp-Wn-Im-b {kjv-Sm-hv- ˛ mw- Chn--sS Fßs Po-hn-°Wsa∂pw- Cu- Po-hn-XØn-s‚ ]cae-£yw- Fs¥∂pw- Zq-X∑m¿- ap-tJ {kjv-Sm-hv- sΩ ]Tn∏n--®p.- Ωp-sS Po-hn- XØn-s‚ IW°v- acW-tijw- mw- {kjv-Sm-hn-s‚ ap-ºn¬- t_m- [n-∏n-t°≠n-hcpw.- A∂v- ]p-Wyw- sNbv-Xhv- kz¿Khpw- ]m-]w- sNbv-Xhv- c-Ihpw- {]Xn-^ew- In-´pw.- AXn-m¬- {kjv-Sm-hv- Xs‚ Zq-Xcn-eq-sS ¬-In-b n¿-tZiapkcn-®v- Po-hn-°p-Ibm- Wv- ap-jy-s‚ c£m-am¿-Kw.- Ωp-sS tem-I {kjv-Sm-hv- ¬-In-b n¿-tZi kw-ln-XbmWv- Izp¿-B≥.- ap-lΩZv- _n bn-eq-sS Ah≥- B ktμiw- ap- jy¿-s°Øn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp.- CXdn-™-hcpw- Adn-bm-Øhcpw- ap- °n-Sbn¬- D≠v.- tem-Isc ap-gp-h≥- {kjv-Sm-hn-s‚ ktμiadn- bn-°¬- AXdn-™hcp-sS _m-[y-Xbm-Wv.- AXnm-bn- cq-]o-Ir- Xam-b Hcp- {]kv-Ym-am-Wv- n-®v- Hm-^v- {SqØv. hnizmkw Ckvemans‚ ASnØ-d-bm-Wv. AXns‚ A`m- h-Øn-ep≈ I¿a-߃ A√m-lp-hn-¶¬ kzoIcn°s∏-Sp-I-bn-√. CkvemanI hnizmk,- BZ¿i-߃ a- n-em-t°-≠Xv AXns‚ auenI {]am-W-ß-fmb ]cn-ip≤ Izp¿-B-n¬ n∂pw {]hm-NIm- [ym-]--ß-fn¬ n∂p-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. {]am-W-_-≤-a-√mØ hnizm- k-ßsf A‘-hn-izm-k-ß-fmbn Xncn-®-dn™v Isøm-gn-°mpw AXv klm-bn-°pw. Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n°p-∂- Bdv ASn-ÿm hnizm-k-ßsf {]mY-an-I-ambn ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bmWv Cu eLp-Ir-Xn.- Cu- ZuXyw n¿h-ln-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv iao¿ aZonbmWv. hmbn-°p-Ibpw hne-bn-cp-Øp-Ibpw sNtø-≠Xv amy hmb--°m-cm-Wv. sX‰p-Iƒ k-Z-bw- Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p-I. A√m-lpth,- ns‚ kXyaX ktμi {]N-c-W-Ønp th≠n-bp≈ Cu Ffnb {iaw Rß-fn¬ n∂v kzoI-cn-t°-W- ta, Zp¿_-e-amb RßfpsS Ic-߃°v o i‡n ]I-tc-W-ta.... (Bao≥). amt-P¿
    • ]c-aImcpWn-I-mb A√m-lp-hns‚ ma-Øn¬..... CkvemanI A[ym-]--ß-fn¬ Gsd {]m[m-y-a¿ln- °p-∂-h-bmWv hnizmk Imcy-߃. Hmtcm apkvenapw n¿_- ‘-ambpw Adn-bp-Ibpw hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠p∂ Bdv hnizmk Imcy-ß-fp-≠v. Cuam≥ Imcy-ß-sf∂ t]cn¬ Adn- b-s∏-Sp∂ Ch bYm-{Iaw A√m-lp-hn-ep≈ hnizm-kw, ae-°p- I-fn-ep-≈ hnizmkw, thZ {KŸ-ß-fn-ep≈ hnizm-kw, {]hm-N- I-∑m-cn-ep≈ hnizm-kw, A¥y-Zn--Øn-ep≈ hnizm-kw, hn[n hnizmkw F∂n-ß-s-bm-Wv. D]cn kqNnX hnizmkImcy-ßsf Ipdn-®p≈ Hcp {]mYanI hni-I-e--amWv Cu IrXn-bn-ep-≈-Xv. Cu IrXn ]pd- Øn-d-°p-∂Xn¬ kl-I-cn® nc-h[n klr-Z-b-cp-≠v. Ah-tcm- Sp≈ IS-∏m-Sp-Iƒ Adn-bn-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w k¿Δ i‡-mb A√mlp Ah¿°v X°-Xmb {]Xn-^ew ¬In Ap-{K-ln- °p-am-dm-Is´, F∂v {]m¿Yn-°p-∂p. k¿Δ i‡-mb A√mlphpw Ahs‚ {]hm-N-I≥ apl-ΩZv _n bpw ]Tn-∏n® Ip‰-a‰ hnizm-kmZ-¿i-߃ ]Tn- ®-dn™v kzoI-cn-°p-hmpw a‰p-≈h--cn--te°v ]I¿∂p sImSp- °mpw d∫v sΩ Ap-{K-ln-°p-am-dm-I-s´, ]q¿ÆX Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. A_-≤-߃ {i≤-bn¬ s]Sp-∂-h¿ kvtl _p≤ym DW¿Ø-W-sa∂v hno-X-ambn A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. mYm, ns‚ kXy Zons‚ am¿§-Øn-ep≈ Hcp Ffnb tkh--ambn o Rß-fn¬ n∂pw CXp kzoI-cn-t°- W-ta, CXp hmb-°p-∂-h¿°pw {]N-cn-∏n-°p-∂-h¿°pw ∑- bpsS Ihm-S-߃ o Xpd∂p sImSp-t°-W-ta.... {]m¿∞--tbm-sS, nß-fpsS kvtln-X≥ iao¿ aZon, eIv®-d¿, PmanAx A¬ lnμv A¬ Ckvemanb
    • X-m-fp-I-fn¬- hnizmkw: AnhmcyXbpw B[nImcnIXbpw 13 A√mlphnep≈ hnizmkw 24 ae-°p-I-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw 31 thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw 40 ssZhZqX∑m-cn-ep≈ hnizmkw 50 A¥y-Zn--Øn-ep≈ hnizmkw 64 hn[nhnizmkw 77
    • hnizmkw: AnhmcyXbpw B[nImcnIXbpw Ckvemans‚ A[ym]ßfn¬ hnizmk-Imcyß- ƒ-°p-≈ kYmw nkvXpeamWv. hnizmkØns‚ A`mhØnep≈ I¿a-߃ F¥pXs∂bmbncp∂mepw Ah njv^ehpw {k„mhmb A√mlphn¶¬ kzoIcn°s∏-SmØhbp-ambn-cn°p-sa-∂m-Wv Ckvemw ]Tn∏n°p∂Xv. a n¬ cqVaqeamb hnizmkhpw mhpsIm≠p≈ {]Jym]hpw Ahbhß-ƒ-sIm-≠p-≈ {]h¿Øhpw tN¿∂XmWv Ckvemans‚ BZ¿iw. AXn- m¬ CkvemanI]mTßfn¬ BZyambn ]Tnt°≠Xv AXn-s‚ ASnØdbmb hnizmk Imcyßsf Ipdn®mbncn°Ww. Imc-Ww AXnt∑emWv Ckvemans‚ a‰v BZ¿ißsf√mw ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øs∏´ncn°p∂Xv. kXy- hnizm-k-apƒ-s°m-≠n-´n√m-Ø Ahn-izmknIfpsS I¿aßsf Ipdn®v A√mlp ]dbp∂Xv Im-WpI: ""Ahnizkn®hcmIs´ AhcpsS I¿a߃ acp-`qan-bn- se acoNnI t]msebmIp∂p. Zmln®h≥ AXv sh≈-am- 1 A[ymbw
    • 15Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v sW--∂v hnNmcn°p∂p. Aßs Ah≥ AXn∂SptØ°v sN∂m- ¬ Aßs H∂v D≈Xmbn Xs∂ Ah≥ Is≠-Øp-I-bn-√. F-∂m-¬ Xs‚ ASpØv A√mlpsh Ah≥ Is≠-Øp-∂-Xm- Wv. At∏mƒ (A√mlp) Ah∂v Ahs‚ I-W-°v Xo¿Øp sImSp- °p-∂XmWv. A√mlp AXnthKw IW°v tm°p-∂h-s{X.'' (24:39) ""Ah¿ {]h¿Øn® I¿aßfpsS tsc mw XncnbpIbpw, m-a-Xns NnXdnb [qfnt]mse B°nØo¿°pIbpw sNøpw.'' (25:23) ""XßfpsS c£nXmhns ntj[n®hsc, AhcpsS I¿-a- ß-sf D]an-°mhp∂Xv sImSp¶m‰p≈ Hcp Znhkw IØ Im‰- Sn-®p ]mdnt∏mb shÆodn-tmSmIp∂p. Ah¿ {]h¿-Øn-®p-≠m- °n-bXn¬ n∂v bmsXm∂pw Ap`hn°m≥ Ah¿°v km[n- °p-∂X√. AXv Xs∂bmWv hnZqcamb am¿K{`wiw.'' (14:18) kXyhnizmkw kzoIcn°mØhcpsS I¿aßfpsS ^eiqyX hyXykvX-ßfmb D]aIfneqsS hnhcn°pIbmWv A√mlp. aplΩZv _n bpsS {]hmNIXzntbmKØnp ap≥]v ]mhßsf klmbn®v AYnXnIsf kevIcn®v Pohn-®n- cp-∂ Hcmfmbncp∂p C_vp PpZvB≥ F∂bmƒ. A√mlphntem acWm-¥c PohnXØntem H∂pw hnizmkan√msX Abmƒ n¿hln® CØcw I¿a߃ ]mc{XnIPohnXØn¬ Abmƒ- °p-]Icn°ptam F∂v alXn BCi , _n tbmSv tNmZn®- t∏mƒ AXv Abmƒ°p-]Icn-°p-I-bns√∂v {]hmNI≥ ]d- ™ kw`hw lZoYv{KŸßfn¬ ImWmw. (apkvenw) mw Hcmsf ΩpsS tXm´Øn¬ ]WnsbSp-°phm≥ G¬]n- ®p-sh∂p IcpXpI. ΩpsS n¿tZiß-ƒ°v bmsXmcp hnebpw I¬]n°msX Abmƒ B tXm´Øn¬ X∂n„{]Imcw ]eXpw sh®p]nSn∏n°p∂p; a‰v]eXpw ]ngpXpam‰p∂p. F√mw Ign™v Abmƒ ΩpsS ASpØv A[zmØns‚ thX-amhiy-s∏´v h∂m¬ ΩpsS {]XnIcWsa¥mbncn°pw? tPmen-tb¬-∏n- ®bmsf AwKoIcn°pItbm AbmfpsS D]tZi n¿tZ-i-߃ ]cnKWn°pItbm Abmƒ NpaXes∏SpØnb ZqXs Apk-
    • 16 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v cn-°pItbm sNømsX X∂n„{]Imcw ]eXpw sNbvXtijw Iqen tXSns®√p∂ sXmgnemfn°v˛-AbmfpsS A[zmw F{XXs∂ `mcn®Xmbncp∂mepw˛-Iqen sImSp°m≥ Bsc¶nepw XømdmIptam? AbmfpsS tXm∂nhmk߃°v Iqen°¿lXbps≠∂vt]mepw _p≤nbpw oXnt_m[hpap≈ Bcpw ]dbpsa∂v tXm∂p-∂n√. F¶n¬ k¿hi‡mb ]S®- Xºp-cms‚ am¿K-n¿tZi߃ kzoIcn®psIm≠√msX X∂n- „-{]Imcw Xn°v √sX∂ptXm∂nb Imcy߃ {]h¿Øn- °p-∂ Hcmƒ°v {k„mhns‚ {]Xn^eans√∂v ssZhw Xocpam- n®m¬ AXn¬ bsXmcp AoXnbpw bp‡ncmlnXyhpw oXnt_m[ap≈ Hcmƒ°pw Z¿in°phm≥ km[n°pIbn√. A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""(_ntb) ]dbpI: I¿a߃ G‰hpw jvSIcambn Xo¿∂hsc kw_‘n®v mw nß-ƒ°v ]d™pXcs´tbm? sFlnIPohnXØnse XßfpsS {]bXvw ]ng®pt]mbhcs{X Ah¿. Ah¿ hnNmcn-°p∂XmIs´ X߃ √ {]h¿Øw SØn-s°m≠n-cn°p∂p F∂mWv. XßfpsS c£nXmhns‚ ZrjvSm¥ß-fnepw Ahpambn I≠pap´p-∂-Xnepw hnizkn°mØ-hcs{X Ah¿. AXnm¬ AhcpsS I¿a߃ njv^e-ambnt∏mbncn°p∂p. AXnm¬ mw Ah¿°v Dbn¿sØ-gpt∂¬]ns‚ mfn¬ bmsXmcp Xq°hpw (ÿmhpw) nen¿ØpIbn√. AXs{X Ah¿°p≈ {]Xn^ew. Ahn-izkn°pIbpw, Fs‚ ZrjvSm¥ßsfbpw, ZqX∑mscbpw ]cnlmkyam°pIbpw sNbvXXn∂p≈ (in£bmb) cIw.'' (18:103-˛106) hnizmkImcy߃ `uXnIamZfißfp]tbmKn®v Kthj- Ww sNøphmtm Af∂papdn°phmtm km[n°p-Ibn√. `uXnI-temIsØ Xs∂ F{Xtbm kwKXnIƒ nKqVamb NpcpfpIƒ°p≈n¬ C∂pw kakyIfmbn XpScpIbmWv. ap- jy-s‚ _p≤nbpsSbpw ]cn⁄mßfp-sSbpw ]cnan-Xn-bw-Ko- Icn°ptºmƒ `uXnItemIØnv ]pdØp≈ C{μnbmXoX Imcy߃ Adnbm≥ ssZhnIk-tμißsf B{ibn°pI am{Xta nhrØnbp≈q.
    • 17Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v apjys‚ C{μnb߃°∏pdØv bmsXm∂pan√msb∂ ntj[w [n°mcØns‚bpw A⁄XbpsSbpw BgamWv hmkvXhØn¬ Adnbn°p∂Xv. bYm¿Y hnizmknIfpsS DXvIrjvS kz`mhambn hnip≤ Izp¿B≥ FSpØp]d™Xv "Ah¿ C{μnbmXoX Imcyßfn¬ hnizkn°p∂hcmsW∂' (2:3) ImcyamWv. A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""Xs‚ c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v Xn°v AhX-cn∏n°s∏´Xn¬ dkq¬ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. (AXn-s XpS-¿∂v) kXyhnizmknIfpw. Ahsc√mw A√mlphn-epw, Ahs‚ ae°pIfnepw Ahs‚ thZ{KŸßfnepw, Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcn¬ B¿-°p- anSbn¬ Hcp hnthNhpw R߃ I¬]n°p∂n√. (F∂-Xm- Wv AhcpsS ne]mSv) Ah¿ ]dbpIbpw sNbvXp: RßfnXm tIƒ°pIbpw Apkcn-°pIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. RßfpsS mYm! RßtfmSv s]mdpt°Wta. n∂n-te°m-Ip-∂p (RßfpsS) aS°w. A√mlp HcmtfmSpw AbmfpsS Ign-hn¬ s]´X√msX sNøm≥ n¿_‘n°pIbn√. HmtcmcpØ¿ {]h- ¿Øn®Xn-s‚ k¬^ew Ahch¿°pXs∂. HmtcmcpØ¿ {]h¿Øn-®Xns‚ Zpjv^ehpw AhchcpsS ta¬ Xs∂. RßfpsS mYm, R߃ ad∂pt]mIpItbm, R߃°v sX‰p]-‰pItbm sNbvXpsh¶n¬ Rßsf o in£n°cptX. RßfpsS mYm, RßfpsS ap≥KmanIfpsS ta¬ o Npa- ØnbXp t]mep≈ `mcw RßfpsS ta¬ o NpaØcptX. RßfpsS mYm, R߃°v Ignhn√mØXv Rßsf o hln∏n°cptX. R߃°v o am∏p¬IpIbpw Rß-tfmSv s]mdp°pIbpw, IcpW ImWn°pIbpw sNtøWta. obmWv RßfpsS c£m[nImcn. AXpsIm≠v kXyn-tj[nIfmb PXbvs°Xncmbn o Rßsf klmbnt°-Wta.'' (2:285,286) tscadn®v AØcw hnizmk Imcyßsf X≈n°fbp-∂h¿ hy‡amb hgntISnemsW∂pw I¿a߃ njv^-eamb „ImcnIfmbncn°pahsc∂pw Izp¿B≥ DW¿-Øp∂p. ""...A√mlphnepw, Ahs‚ ae°pIfnepw, Ahs‚
    • 18 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v {KŸßfnepw Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw, A¥yZnØnepw h√hpw Ahnizkn°p∂ ]£w Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ _lpZqcw ]ng®p t]mbncn°p∂p.''(4:136) ""...kXyhnizmksØ Bsc¶nepw X≈n°fbp∂ ]£w Ahs‚ I¿aw njv^eambn°gn™p. ]ctemIØv Ah≥ jvSw ]‰nbhcpsS Iq´Ønembncn°pIbpw sNøpw.''(5:5) kz¿K{]thisØ Ipdn®pw kz¿KmhIminIsf Ipdn®pw Izp¿B≥ hnhcn® nch[n kq‡ßfn¬ k¬I¿a-ß-tfm- sSm∏w kXyhnizmkw kzoIcn°p∂Xns Ipdn®pw Bh¿Øn- ®m-h-¿-Øn®v ]d™Xv {it≤bamWv. AYhm icnbmb hnizmk- Øn-s‚ A`mhØn¬ apjy¿ sNbvXpIq´p∂ tIhe I¿a߃ kz¿K {]thiØnv A¿lam°p∂n√msb∂v kmcw. ""Xo¿®bmbpw hnizkn°pIbpw k¬I¿a߃ {]h¿- Øn°pIbpw sNbvXhcmtcm Ah¿ Xs∂bmIp∂p krjvSn- Ifn¬ DØa¿. Ah¿°v AhcpsS c£nXmhn-¶ep≈ {]Xn^ew Xmgv`mKØp IqSn AcphnIƒ HgpIp∂, ÿnc-hmkØnp≈ kz¿KtØm∏pIfmIp∂p. AhcXn¬ nXyhmknIfmbncn°pw; Fs∂t∂°pambn´v. A√mlp Ahsc ]‰n Xr]vXns∏-´ncn-°p∂p. Ah¿ Ahs ]‰nbpw Xr]vXns∏´ncn°p∂p. GsXmcph≥ Xs‚ c£nXmhns `bs∏´pthm Ah∂p≈XmIp∂p AXv.''(98:7,8) ""Xo¿®bmbpw hnizkn°pIbpw k¬I¿Ω߃ {]h¿- Øn°pIbpw sNbvXhcmtcm Ah¿°v k¬°mcw ¬Im- p≈XmIp∂p kz¿KtØm∏pIƒ. AhcXn¬ nXyhm- knIfmbncn°pw. AXn¬ n∂v hn´v amdm≥ Ah¿ B{Kln- °pIbn√.''(18:107,108) AXpsIm≠pXs∂ A√mlp Ab® k¿h {]hmNI-∑mcpw XßfpsS Pßsf BZyambn DZvt_m[n∏n®Xv hnizmk- Imcyßsf Ipdn®mbncp∂p. I¿aßfpw kz`mh-ß-fpw CS]m- SpIfpw kw_‘n® hniZamb nba߃°pap≥-]v lrZbØn¬ cqVaqeamb hnizmkw hf¿ØnsbSp-°mm-Wv AhcJnehpw {i≤n®Xv. ]m]ßfn¬ sht®‰hpw Kpcp-Xcamb Imcyambn Ah¿ ]Tn∏n®Xpw hnizmkcwKØp kw`hn°p∂ sshI-ey-
    • 19Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ßsf Ipdn®mbncp∂psh∂pImWmw. BZyImeßfnehXcn® Izp¿B≥ kq‡ßƒ (a°o kqdØpIƒ) ]cntim[n°ptºmgpw Cu hkvXpX t_m[y- s∏Sp∂XmWv. lnPvd°p apºhXcn® {]kvXpX A[ymb- ßfnse {][m hnjbw hnizmkImcyßfmWv. apjyn¿anX `uXnI{]Xybimkv{Xßfpw ssZhnI-aXhpw XΩnep≈ auenIamb hyXymkamWnXv. aX-Øns‚ hf¿®°pw `uXnI{]Xybimkv{Xßfp-sS Xf¿-®°pw nanØamIp∂Xpw AXpXs∂bmWv. {]hmNI ]Xvn alXn BCi CuhkvXpXbnte°v hnc¬ Nq≠p∂Xp ImWpI. ""Izp¿Bn¬ n∂v BZyambn AhXcn®Xv kz¿K˛cIßsf Ipdn®v ]dbp∂ kq‡-ßfmbncp∂p. Aßs P߃ Ckvemante°v aSßnb-t∏mƒ AphZob Imcyßsf Ipdn®pw njn≤Imcy-ßsf Ipdn®pap≈ hniZamb nbaßfhXcn®p. tsc-adn®v BZyahXcn®Xv "n߃ aZy]n°cpsX∂' nbaam-bncp∂psh¶n¬ R߃ Hcn°epw aZyw Dt]£n°p-Ibn√msb∂v Ah¿ ]dt™s. A{]Imcw Xs∂ n߃ hy`nNcn°cpsX∂mbncp∂p BZyahtcmSv ]d™ncp∂-sX¶n¬ Rßsfmcn°epw hy`nNmcap-t]£n°pI- bn-√m-sb∂pw Ah¿ ]dbpambncp∂p.'' (_pJmcn) AXpsIm≠pXs∂ _n hf¿ØnsbSpØ Ckveman- IkaqlØn¬ BfpIƒ nbaw ]men°p∂pt≠msb∂v ]cntim[n°phm≥ nba]meItcbpw ]´mftØbpw ntbmKnt°≠ Bhiyap≠mbncp∂n√. Iqcncp´ns‚ adhn¬ t]mepw ]S®hs `b∂v Xn∑Ifn¬ n∂v amdn n∂v clkyPohnXØnepw hnip≤n ]men® almampjn-Ifmbn Pohn®v Ah¿ amXrIbmbXv AXpsIm≠mbncp∂p. A[acn¬ A[acmbncp∂ Hcp PX DØacn¬ DØacmbn D∂X-ß-fn- te°v Db¿∂Xv hnizmkØns‚ ASnØdbn¬ ]SpØp-b¿-Ø- s∏´ BZ¿iØns‚ h‡m°fmbXnmem-bncp∂p. XnI®pw A]cnjvIrXcpw A£c⁄man√mØ-hcpambncp∂ ImS≥ Ad_nIsf tIhew Ccp]Ønaq∂v h¿j߃sIm≠v aplΩZv
    • 20 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v _n k¿hXeßfnepw amXrIIfmIpw hn[w D∂XnbpsS tkm]mßfnseØn®-Xns‚ amkvacnIXsb Ipdn®v Ncn{XsØ kXyk‘ambn kao]n® ]ecpw A¤pXw Iqdnbn´p≠v. F∂m¬ hnizmkmZ¿ißfn¬ {i≤n°mØtXm hnIe- hnizm-k߃ ssIapXem°nbtXm Bb kaql-ß-fn¬ Xn∑bpsS Xncbnf°w k¿hkm[mcWamWv. AhnSßfnse `cWIqSßfpw nba]meIcpw F{XXs∂ i‡cmbmepw nbaØns‚ ]gpXpIfneqsS Xn∑Ifnte°v Acn®n-dßp-∂-h- cpsS FÆw h¿[n®phcp∂Xv ImWmw. kwkvIrX-sc∂-hIm- is∏Sp∂ B[pnI kaqlßfpsS ÿnXnKXnIƒ hnebn-cp- Øp∂ B¿°paXv ImWmm-hp∂XmWv. sIm≈bpsSbpw sXΩmSnØßfpsSbpw ISpØa p-ambn kaqlØn¬ hf¿∂ph∂ ]ecpw, a nte°v icnbmb hnizmkØns‚ {]Imiw IS∂psN∂t∏mƒ ∑bpsSbpw ImcpWyØns‚bpw h‰mØ ocpdhIfmbn amdnbXnv CkvemanI Ncn{XØn¬ FºmSpw DZml-cWßfp≠v. Jeo^ Da¿ s‚ Ncn{Xw AXn¬ H∂p-am{XamWv. B[nImcnIX hnizmkw AXn{][mamsW∂v ]dbptºmƒ Xs∂ AtXmsSm∏w icnbmb hnizmkw FhnsS n∂mWv kzoI- cnt°≠Xv F∂ hnjbhpw kPoh N¿®°v hnt[bam- t°≠Xp≠v. hnizmksa∂t]cn¬ ]cs° Adnbs∏Sp∂-Xpw kaqlØn¬ {]Ncn®n´p≈Xpamb Imcy߃ icnbmb hnizmkw Xs∂bmtWmsb∂v ]tim[nt°≠Xp≠v. hnizmkImcy߃ apjycpsS KthjW ]cntim[-IfpsS ]cn[nIƒ°∏pdØp≈ C{μnbmXoX Imcyßfmb-Xnm¬ kXyssZhØn¬ n∂p≈ Ip‰a‰ t{kmX pI-fn¬ n∂p≈ icnbmb ktμi߃ am{Xta XZznjbI-ambn kzoIcn°m≥ ]mSp≈q. ssZhsØ Ipdn®pw ssZhn-Im[ym]ßsf Ipdn®pw Dulmt]mlßfpsS ASn-ÿmØn¬ h√Xpw ]db¬ hºn® ]mXIhpw ssZh-Øns‚ t]cn¬ Ifhv {]Ncn∏n°ep-am-bn-cn-
    • 21Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v °pw. AXv hntcm[n®psIm≠v A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""]dbpI: Fs‚ c£nXmhv njn≤am°nbn´p≈Xv {]Xy£ambXpw ]tcm- £ambXpamb oNhrØnIfpw, A[¿ahpw, ymbw IqSmsX- bp≈ Itø‰hpw, bmsXmcp {]amWhpw A√mlp Cd°n-Ø- ∂n´n√mØXns AhtmSv n߃ ]¶ptN¿°p-∂-Xpw, A√mlphns‚ t]cn¬ n߃°p hnhcan√mØXv n߃ ]d™p≠m°p∂Xpw am{XamWv.'' (7:33) ""nßfpsS mhpIƒ hntijn∏n°p∂Xns‚ ASnÿm- Øn¬ CXv AphZobamWv, CXv njn≤amWv. F∂nßs I≈w ]dbcpXv. n߃ A√mlphns‚ t]cn-¬ I≈w sI´n®abv°pIbs{X (AXns‚ ^ew). A√mlp-hns‚ t]cn¬ I≈w sI´n®abv°p∂h¿ hnPbn°pIbn√; Xo¿®.''(16:116) AØcw hymP{]kvXmhIsf XnI®pw ss]imNnI- sa∂mWv Izp¿B≥ hntijn∏n°p∂Xv. ""apjytc, `qanbn- ep≈Xn¬ n∂v AphZobhpw, hninjvShpambXv n߃ `£n®v sIm≈pI. ]nimNns‚ ImeSnIsf n߃ ]n¥pScm- Xncn-°pIbpw sNøpI. Ah≥ nßfpsS {]Xy£ i{Xp Xs∂bmIp∂p. ZpjvIrXyßfnepw oNhrØnIfn-epw G¿s]- Sphmpw, A√mlphns‚ t]cn¬ n߃°dn-™pIqSmØXv ]d™p--≠m°phmpamWv Ah≥ nßtfmSv I¬]n°p∂Xv.'' (2:168,169) aXØn¬ AXncphnSpIbpw ]eXcØnep≈ ]nghpI-fnte°v hgpXnt∏mhpIbpw sNbvX PqX˛ss{IkvXhsc Izp¿B≥ DZvt_m-[n∏n°p∂Xv ImWpI. ""thZ°mtc, n߃ aXImcy- Øn¬ AXncpIhnbcpXv. A√mlphns‚ t]cn¬ hmkvXh- a√msX n߃ ]dbpIbpw sNøcpXv. a¿bans‚ aImb akolv Cukm A√mlphns‚ ZqXpw, a¿bante°v Ah≥ C´psImSpØ Ahs‚ hNhpw, Ah¶¬ n∂p≈ Hcp BXvamhpw am{XamIp∂p. AXvsIm-≠v n߃ A√mlphnepw Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw hnizkn°pI. {XnXzw F∂ hm°v n߃ ]dbcpXv. nß-fpsS ∑bv°mbn n߃ (CXn¬ n∂v) hncan°pI. A√mlp GI Bcm[y≥ am{XamIp∂p. Xn°v
    • 22 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Hcp k¥map≠mbncn°pI F∂Xn¬ n∂v Ahs-{Xtbm ]cnip≤s{X. BImißfnep≈Xpw `qanbnep≈Xpsa-√mw Ahs‚XmIp∂p. ssIImcyI¿Ømhmbn A√mlp Xs∂ aXn.'' (4;171) ssZhØns‚ KpWhntijWßsf Ipdn®v apjy¿ KthjWw SØn ssZhw Bcmbncn°Wsa∂v Xocpam- n°p∂Xv ssZhtØ°mƒ henb ssZhwNabp∂ XcØn-ep≈ [n°mchpw Atßb‰sØ h¶Øhpambncn°pw. ImcWw ]Zm- ¿Y-ßfpsS {kjvSmhmb ssZh-sØ-°pdn®v ]Zm¿YtemIØv _‘nXmb apjy≥ Xs‚ t∂ ]cn-an-X-amb _p≤nbpw Adnhpap]tbmKn®v Kth-jWw SØp∂Xv F¥vam{Xw _p≤niqyXb√! AhnsSbmWv XØzimkv{X°mcpsSbpw hNimkv{X- ⁄cpsSbpw hnSphmbnØßfpsS nc¿YIXIƒ mw Xncn®dntb≠Xv. Aßs km£m¬ ssZhsØ°pdn®v kXyk‘ambn Adnbm≥ {ian°ptºmƒ ssZhw Xs∂°p- dn®v Fs¥ms° ]d™pX∂psh∂pw Ahs‚ kXyZqX-∑m¿ Fs¥√mamWv ]d™pX∂sX∂pamWv mw Atz-jnt°≠Xv. kXy{]hmNI∑mcpw AhcpsS kXyk‘cmb ApN- c∑mcpw Fßs ssZhsØ°pdn®v ]Tn∏n®pthm B cq]Øn¬ mw Ahs AdnbpIbpw Dƒs°m≈pIbpw sNøpI-sb-∂- Xm-Wv Ip‰a‰Xpw kpc£nXhpamb GI-am¿Kw. A√mlp ]dbp∂p ""A√mlp bmsXmcp k¥msØ-bpw kzoIcn®n´n√. AhtmsSm∏w bmsXmcp ssZhhpap-≠mbn´n√. Aßsbmbncp∂psh¶n¬ Hmtcm ssZhhpw Xm≥ krjvSn®Xpambn t]mbn°fbpIbpw, Ahcn¬ Nne¿ Nnesc ASn-®a¿ØpIbpw sNøpambncp∂p. Ah¿ ]d™p-≠m-°p-∂- Xn-¬ ns∂√mw A√mlp F{X ]cnip≤≥!'' (23:91) ""Xm√msX bmsXmcp Bcm[ypan√mØhmb A√m- lphmWh≥. AZriyhpw Zriyhpw Adnbp∂hmIp∂p Ah≥. Ah≥ ]caImcpWnIpw IcpWmn[nbpamIp∂p. Xm√msX bmsXmcp Bcm[ypan√mØhmb A√mlp-hmWh≥. cmPm-
    • 23Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v [n-Imcap≈hpw ]ca]cnip≤pw kam-[mw ¬Ip∂hpw A`bw ¬Ip∂hpw ta¬tm´w hln°p∂hpw {]Xm- ]nbpw ]cam[nImcnbpw alXzap-≈hpw BIp∂p Ah≥. Ah¿ ]¶ptN¿°p∂Xn¬ ns∂√mw A√mlp F{Xtbm ]cnip≤≥! {kjvSmhpw n¿amXmhpw cq]w ¬Ip∂hpamb A√mlp-hs{X Ah-≥. Ahv G‰hpw DØaamb maßfp≠v. BImi-ß-fnepw `qanbnep≈h Ahs‚ alXzsØ {]Io¿Øn°p∂p. Ahs{X {]Xm]nbpw bp‡nampw.'' (59;22˛24) t{kmX pIfpw kao]hpw ssZhnIsa∂v kzbw AhImis∏SpIbpw AXns‚ B[n- Im-cnIX°v nch[n sXfnhpIƒ ncØpIbpw sNøp∂ hnip- ≤Izp¿Bpw, AXns kz¥w PohnXØn-eqsS {]tbmK-h¬- °-cn®v ImWn® A¥y{]hmNI≥ aplΩZv _n bpsS PohnXw AYhm _nNcy(kp∂Øv)bpamWv ssZhnI aX-Øn- s‚˛-GXpImcyØnep-sa∂-t]m-se˛hnizm-kImcyß-fdnbmp≈ icnbmb t{kmX pIƒ. Izp¿Bns‚bpw kp∂Øns‚bpw hmIy߃ kz¥-amb Xm¬]cy߃°pw Bib߃°pw th≠n Zp¿hym-Jym-n- °s∏Sp∂ kmlNcyßfp≠mIpsa∂XpsIm-≠pXs∂ B {]amWßsf Fßs kao]n°Wsa∂pw _n DW¿-Øn- bn-´p-≠v. AXmbXv, _n ]Tn∏n®X-pkcn®v aXsØ Adn- bp-I-bpw {]tbmKh¬°cn°pIbpw sNbvXv A√mlphns‚bpw {]hmNI s‚bpw {]iw-kIƒ°¿lcmbnØo¿∂ {]hmNI- injy-∑mcpsS ∑nd™ ]mX ]n¥pScpIsb∂XmWm n¿tZiw. {]kvXpX D]tZiapkcn®v aXm[ym-]ßfp-ƒ-s°m- ≈m≥ {ian°pIbmsW¶n¬ G‰hpw sXfnabm¿∂ kXyØn- te°pw AXphgn sFIyØnte°pw kmtlmZcyØnte-°pw ssZ-hnI ImcpWyØns‚ {]hnime-amb kz¿K temIØn-te- °pw FØm≥ km[n°p∂XmWv. AX√msX I£nXz-Ønte- t°m hy‡nXm¬]cyßfntet°m A√ Ckvemw sΩ £Wn°p∂Xv.
    • 24 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""kXyhnizmknItf, n߃ A√mlpsh Apkcn°pI. (A√mlphns‚ ZqXsbpw nßfn¬ n∂p≈ ssIImcyI¿Øm°sfbpw Apkcn-°pI. Cn h√ ImcyØnepw n߃°nSbn¬ `n∂n∏p≠m-IpIbmsW¶n¬ nßfXv A√mlphnte°pw dkqente-°pw aS°pI. n߃ A√mlphnepw A¥y-ZnØnepw hnizkn°p∂psh¶n¬ (AXmWv th≠Xv) AXmWv DØahpw IqSpX¬ √ ]cyhkmap≈Xpw.'' (4:59)
    • A√mlphnep≈ hnizmkw hnizmk Imcyßfn¬ H∂matØXv A√mlphnep≈ hn-izmkamIp∂p. AXn-¬ {][mambpw Dt±in°s∏Sp∂ ImcyßfmWv NphsS hnhcn°p∂Xv. 1. A√mlphns‚ AkvXnXzw AwKoIcn°¬ A√mlphns‚ AkvXnXzØnte°v hnc¬Nq≠p∂ H´- -h[n ZrjvSm¥ßƒ {]]©{kjvSmhv ChnsS kwhn- [m-n®n´p≠v. ]S®hs Adnbmpw Ahs‚ i-‡n-˛am- lm-fly߃ {Kln°mpw AXv apjys klmbn-°p- ∂-XmWv. kqcy˛-N{μmZn £{Xßtfbpw cm]IepIfpsS am-‰ßsfbpsams° Ipdn®v Nn¥n°m-pw ZrjvSm¥ßƒ {Kln°mpw Izp¿B≥ apjycmintbmSv Bhiy-s∏-Sp- ∂p≠v. ""Xo¿®bmbpw BImißfpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw kr- jv-Sn--bn-epw, cm]IepIƒ amdn amdn hcp∂Xnepw k¬-_p- ≤n-bp≈h¿°v ]e ZrjvSm¥-ß-fp-ap≠v.'' (3:190) ""BImi`qanIfpsS krjvSn∏nepw, cm]IepIfpsS am‰- Øn-epw, apjy¿°v D]Imcap≈ hkvXp°fpambn IS- en-eqsS k©cn-°p∂ I∏enepw, BImiØv n∂v 2 A[ymbw
    • 26 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp ag sNmcn-™p-X∂n´v n¿PohmhkvYbv°p tijw `qan-°v AXp aptJ Poh≥ ¬InbXnepw, `qanbn¬ F√mXcw P¥p-h¿Kßsfbpw hym]n-∏n-®Xnepw, Im‰pIfpsS KXn-{I-a- Ønepw, BImi-`qanIƒ°nSbneqsS nb{¥n®v bn°s∏Sp∂ taL-Ønepw Nn¥n-°p∂ P߃°v ]e ZrjvSm¥ßfpap≠v; Xo¿®.'' (2:164) Cu temIØv apjyv ]pdsa ktNXhpw AtNXhpamb H´h[n krjvSnIfp≠v. GItImiPohnbmb Aao_ apX¬ BbpsS ]Xn∑Sßv hen∏-ap≈ oeØnanwKew hsc [mcmfw PohPme߃. apjyS°ap≈ Cu Poh-Pme-ßsf BcmWv ]S®p≠m°nbXv? iqyXbn¬ n∂v h√Xpw D≠m-Iptam? apjys krjvSn®Xv Ahs‚ amXm]nXm°fmsW∂v ]dbm≥ km[n°p-Ibn√. amXm]nXm°ƒ hnNmcn°p∂ hn[Øne√ Ahs‚ Pw. AXs√¶n¬ Zriy{]]-©Ønse a‰msc¶nepamsW∂v IcpXphmpw n¿hmlan√. Ah≥ bmZr—nIambp≠mbp≠mbXmsW∂v ]dbphmpw _p≤nbpw t_m[hpap≈ Hcmƒ°v km[n°pIbn√. Imc-Ww GsXmcp hkvXphnpw I¿aØnpw AXnv ]n∂n¬ Hcp kq{X[mc≥ Anhmcy-amWv. ""AX√, bmsXmcp hkvXphn¬ n∂pa√msX Ah¿ krjvSn- °-s∏´ncn°pIbm-tWm? AX√, Ah¿ Xs∂bm-tWm {kjvSm- °ƒ? AX√, AhcmtWm BImiß-fpw `qan-bpw krjvSn®n- cn°p-∂Xv? A√, Ah¿ ZrVambn hnizkn-°p∂n√. AX√, Ah- cpsS ]°emtWm ns‚ c£nXmhn-s‚ JPmhpIƒ! AX√, Ah-cm-tWm A[nImcw SØp-∂h¿?'' (52:35-˛37) C{X IWnihpw kq£vahpamb {]]©hpw AXnse {]Xn`m- kß-fpw krjvSnPmeßfpw bmZr—nIambp≠m-bXmWv F∂v Icp-Xp∂Xns°mƒ henb hnUvVnØhpw A‘hnizmkhpw thsd-bpt≠m F∂Xv kwibamWv. _p≤nbpw hnthIhpap≈ apjytmSv Izp¿B≥ tNmZn- °p∂p.
    • 27Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""apjy≥ {]kvXmhyamb Hcp hkvXpth Bbncp-∂n√mØ Hcp ImeL´w Ahs‚ ta¬ Ign™pt]mbn´p-t≠m? IqSn-t®¿- ∂p-≠mb Hcp _oPØn¬ n∂v Xo¿®bm-bpw mw apjys krjvSn-®ncn°p∂p. mw Ahs ]co-£n°p-hm-m-bn´v. Aßs Ahs mw tIƒhnbp≈hpw ImgvN-bp≈-hp-am-°nbn-cn-°p- ∂p.'' (76:1˛2) [n°mctØmSpw XnI™ Al¶mctØmSpw IqSnb√m-sX oXnt_m[ap≈ B¿°mWv kXyk‘ambn CXns ntj[n°m≥ km[n°pI? 2. A√mlphns‚ GIXzw AkvXnXzØnepw AhImißfnepw KpWhntijW- ßfnepsa√mw A√mlp GIpw AZznXobpamWv. Hcp henb ssZhhpw AXnv Xmsg Iptd Ip´nssZhßfpw F∂ k¶¬]w Ckvemw AwKoIcn°p∂n√. A{]Imcw Xs∂ Hmtcm Imcy߃°pw Hmtcm ssZhw F∂ _lpssZhk¶-¬]hpw CkvemanyamWv. F√mw ]S®v ]cn]men°p∂ k¿hi‡pw IcpWmhmcn[nbpamb A√mlp am{XamWv Bcm[°¿l≥ F∂mWv Ckvemw ]Tn∏n°p∂Xv. ""Ah-tmSp≈Xpam{XamWv ymbamb {]m¿Y. Ah∂p ]pdsa BtcmsS√mw Ah¿ {]m¿Yn®v sIm≠ncn°p∂pthm Ah- cm-cpw Ah¿°v bmsXmcp DØchpw ¬Ip∂X√. sh≈w Xs‚ hmbn¬ (Xnsb) hs∂Øm≥ th≠n Xs‚ CcpssI- Ifpw AXns‚ tsc o´n°mWn°p∂hst∏mse am{Xam- Ip∂p Ah¿. AXv (sh≈w) hmbn¬ hs∂ØpI-bn√t√m. kXy- n-tj[nIfpsS {]m¿Y jvSØn¬ Xs∂bmIp∂p.'' (13:14) hymPssZhßfpsS Zu¿_eyw Hcp D]abneqsS Izp¿B-≥ hnhcn°p∂Xv ImWpI. ""apjytc, Hcp DZmlcWanXm hnhcn°s∏Sp∂p. n߃ AXv {i≤n®p tIƒ°pI. Xo¿®-bmbpw A√mlphnv ]pdsa n߃ hnfn®p {]m¿-Yn°p-∂h¿ Hcp Cu®sbt∏mepw krjvSn°pIbn√. AXn∂mbn Ahsc√mhcpw HØptN¿∂m¬ t]mepw. Cu® AhcpsS ]°¬ n∂v h√Xpw X´nsbSpØm¬
    • 28 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v AXns‚ ]°¬ n∂v AXv tamNn∏ns®Sp°mpw Ah¿°v Ignbn√. At]£n°p-∂hpw At]£n°s∏Sp∂hpw Zp¿_e¿ Xs∂.'' (22:73) {]m]©nI {]Xn`mkßfnse IrXyXbpw IWniXbpw Ah°nSbnse Xmfs∏mcpØhpw GIo`mhhpsa√mw {]]©{kjvSmhpw ]cn]meIpamb A√mlphns‚ GIXzsØbmWv hnfn®dnbn°p∂Xv. ""BImi`qanIfn¬ A√mlph√mØ h√ ssZhßfp-ap≠m- bncp-∂psh¶n¬ AXv c≠pw XIcmdmIpambncp∂p. At∏mƒ knwlmk-Øns‚ mYmb A√mlp, Ah¿ ]d™p-≠m°p- ∂Xn¬ ns∂√mw F{X ]cnip≤mIp∂p!'' (21:22) A√mlphns‚ GIXzw AYhm XuloZv {][mambpw aq∂v Xeßsf kv]¿in°p∂p. 1. krjvSnI¿XrXzØnse GIXzw (XuloZpdp_q-_nø): k¿h NcmNcßfpsSbpw {kjvSmhpw nb¥mhpw DSaÿpw A√mlp am{XamsW∂v AwKoIcn°em- Wv CXns‚ Xm¬]cyw. Ahcnte°v ntbmKn°s∏´ ZqX∑m¿ ]d™p: ""BImißfpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw krjvSn-I¿Ømhmb A√mlp--hns‚ ImcyØnemtWm kwibap≈Xv? nßfpsS ]m- ]-߃ n߃°v s]mdpØpXcmpw, n¿WnXamb Hcp Ah- [n hsc n߃°v kabw o´nØcphmpambn Ah≥ nßsf £Wn°p∂p. Ah¿ (P߃) ]d™p: n߃ Rßsf-t∏m- se-bp≈ apjy¿ am{XamIp∂p. RßfpsS ]nXm°ƒ Bcm- [n®v hcp∂Xn¬ n∂p Rßsf ]n¥ncn∏n°mmWv n߃ Dt±-in-°p∂Xv. AXnm¬ hyIvXamb h√ tcJbpw n߃ R߃°v sIm≠v h∂p-Xcq''.-(14:10) A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""apjytc, A√mlp n߃°v sNbvX Ap{Klw n߃ Hm¿an°pI. BImiØv n∂pw `qanbn¬ n∂pw n߃°v D]Pohw ¬Im≥ A√mlp-h√mØ h√ {kjvSmhpapt≠m? Ah√msX bmsXmcp ssZ-hhpan√. At∏mƒ n߃ FßsbmWv sX‰n°-s∏Sp∂Xv?'' (35:3)
    • 29Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v 2. Bcm[yXbnse GIXzw (XuloZp¬ Deqlnø): A√mlp am{XamWv k¿hhn[ Bcm[Iƒ°pw A¿l≥. Bcm[bpsS bmsXmcwihpw Ah√mØ B¿°pw A¿]n®p IqSm F∂XmWv CXp sIm≠pt±in°p∂Xv. ""nßfpsS c£nXmhv ]d™ncn°p∂p: n߃ Ft∂mSv {]m¿Yn°q. Rm≥ n߃°v DØcw ¬Imw. Fs∂ Bcm- [n°msX Al¶mcw Sn°p∂hcmtcm Ah¿ hgnsb nμy- cmbns°m≠v cIØn¬ {]thin°p∂XmWv; Xo¿®.'' (40:60) ""]≈nIƒ A√mlphn∂p≈XmIp∂p. AXnm¬ n߃ A√mlpthmsSm∏w Bscbpw hnfn®v {]m¿Yn°cpXv F∂pw.'' (72:18) Ckvemw ]Tn∏n°p∂ Bcm[IfpsS (C_mZØv) C- ßfn¬ s]´ {]m¿Y, icWw tXS¬, t¿®, _en, ad™ cq]Ønep≈ `bw XpSßn bmsXm∂pw A√mlph√mØ-htcmSv ]mSp≈X√. AsXms°bpw alm]m]hpw kz¿Kw njn≤-am- °n-Øo¿°p∂ A]cm[hpamWv. ""a¿bans‚ aI-≥ akolv Xs∂-bmWv A√mlp F∂v ]d™h¿ Xo¿®bm-bpw Ahnizmkn-Ifm-bncn°p∂p. F∂m¬ akolv ]d™Xv; C{kmbo¬ k¥-XnItf, Fs‚bpw nßfp- sSbpw c£nXm-hmb A√mlpsh n߃ Bcm[n°phn≥. A√mlpthmSv h√hpw ]¶ptN¿-°p-∂ ]£w Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp Ah∂v kz¿Kw njn≤am-°p-∂-XmWv. cIw Ahs‚ hmk-kvYeambncn°pIbpw sNøpw. A{IanIƒ°v klmbnI- fmbn Bcpw Xs∂bn√. F∂mWv.'' (5:72) ""Xt∂mSv ]¶ptN¿°s∏Sp∂Xv A√mlp Hcn°epw s]mdp°pIbn√. AsXmgn®p≈sX√mw Ah≥ Dt±in°p∂- h¿°v Ah≥ s]mdpØpsImSp°p∂XmWv. B¿ A√mlp-thmSv ]¶ptN¿Øpthm Ah≥ Xo¿®bmbpw KpcpXcamb Hcp Ip‰IrXyamWv Na®p≠m°nbncn°p∂Xv.'' (4:48) hnip≤ Izp¿Bnse BZy I¬] GIssZhmcm[ (Xu- lo-Zv)-sb Ipdn®pw (2:21), BZy hne°v _lpssZhm-cm-[--sb Ipdn®pw(2:22) BsW∂Xv {it≤bamWv. A√m-lp Ab® kIe
    • 30 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ZqX∑mcpw Ime˛tZi hyXymkan√msX {]Yahpw {][m-hp- ambn AhcpsS PXItfmSpZvt_m-[n∏n®p sIm≠ncp∂Xv Cu alØmb BZ¿iambncp∂p. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Rm√msX bmsXmcp ssZhhpan√. AXn-m¬ Fs∂ n߃ Bcm[n°q F∂v t_m[w ¬In- s°m-≠√msX n°v apºv Hcp ZqXsbpw mw Ab-®n´n√.'' (21:25) 3. ma˛hntijWØnse AZznXobX (XuloZp¬ AkvamC hkzn^mØv): A√mlphpw {]hmNIpw A√m-lp-hns Ipdn®dnbn® k¿h hntijWßfpw maßfpw bmsXm-cp t`ZKXnbpw ntj[hpw hymJymhpw D]abpw kmZr-iys∏-SpØ-epsam∂pw IqSmsX AwKoIcn°pI F∂-XmWv CXns‚ hnh£. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""BImißfpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw {k- jvSm-hmIp∂p (Ah≥.) n߃°v th≠n nßfpsS h¿K-Øn- ¬ n∂p Xs∂ Ah≥ CWIsf (D≠m°nØ-∂ncn°p∂p.) A- Xn--eqsS nßsf Ah≥ krjvSn®v h¿[n∏n-°p∂p. Ahv Xpey- ambn bmsXm∂pan√. Ah≥ F√mw ImWp∂hpw F√mw tIƒ- °p-∂hpamIp∂p. BImiß-fpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw Xmt°m- ep-Iƒ Ahs‚ A[oØn-em-Ip∂p. Ah≥ Dt±in-°p-∂-h-¿°v D]-Pohw Ah≥ hnim-e-am-°p∂p. (a‰p≈h¿°v) Ah≥ AXv CSpßn-bXm-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ GXv Imcy- sØ-∏‰nbpw Adnhp≈hmIp∂p.'' (42:11˛12) ]Zm¿YßfpsS {kjvSm-hmb ]S® Xºpcms apjy-s‚ Nn-¥-I-ƒ°pw `mhIƒ°papkcn®v tImes∏SpØp-Ibpw Ah≥ kzbw ]cnNbs∏SpØnb Imcy߃°v t`Z-KXn hcp- Øp-Ibpw sNøpI F∂Xv XnI™ [n°mc-hpw AXn-{I-a- hpamWv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlphnv G‰hpw √ t]cpI-fp≠v. AXnm¬ B t]cpIfn¬ Ahs n߃ hnfn®p-sIm≈pI, Ahs‚ t]cpIfn¬ Ir{Xnaw ImWn°p∂hsc n߃ hn´p- If-bpI. Ah¿ sNbvXp hcp∂Xns‚ ^ew Ah¿°p hgnsb
    • 31Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ¬Is∏Spw.'' (7:180) A√m-lp-hns ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØn sIm≠v Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlp ˛ Ah√msX ssZhan√. Fs∂∂pw Pohn-®ncn-°p- ∂-h≥. F√mw nb{¥n°p∂h≥. ab°tam Dd°-tam Ahs _m[n°pIbn√. Ahs‚XmWv BImi`qanI-fnep≈sX√mw. Ahs‚ AphmZ{]Imca√msX Ahs‚-bSp°¬ ip]m¿i SØmmcp≠v? AhcpsS apºnep≈-Xpw Ah¿°v ]n∂nep-≈- Xpw Ah≥ Adnbp∂p. Ahs‚ Adnhn¬ n∂v Ah≥ CNvOn- °p-∂X√msX (as‰m∂pw) Ah¿°v kq£vaambn Adnbm≥ Ignbn√. Ahs‚ A[nIm-c]oTw BImi`qanIsf apgph≥ Dƒ-sIm- ≈p∂XmIp∂p. AhbpsS kwc£Ww Ah∂v H´pw `mcap≈X√. Ah≥ D∂Xpw almpas{X.'' (2:255) ""(_ntb,) ]dbpI: Imcyw A√mlp GImWv F∂-XmIp∂p. A√mlp Gh¿°pw B{ibambn´p≈hmIp∂p. Ah≥ (B¿°pw) P∑w ¬Inbn´n√. (BcpsSbpw k¥-Xnbmbn) Pn®n´pan√. Ah∂v Xpeymbn Bcpw C√Xm-pw'' (112:1˛4) A√mlphnep≈ hnizmkØns‚ XpS¿®bpw ]q¿Øo- IcWhpamWv Ckvemanse a‰v hnizmk Imcy߃. AXn-m¬ BZyambn icns∏SpØn Dd∏nt°≠Xpw C°mcyw Xs∂bmWv. k¿hi‡mb A√mlp AXnv sΩ XpW°s´! Bao≥.
    • ae-°p-I-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw A√m-lp-hns‚ krjvSn-I-fn¬ ap°v ImWm-hp-∂-hbpw AZr-iy-tem-I-Øp-≈-hbpap≠v. AZr-iy-amWv F∂-Xp-sIm- ≠p-am{Xw AØcw kwK-Xn-Isf ntj-[n-°m-h-X-√. ad- ™-Im-cy-ß-fn¬ hniz-kn-°p-∂p-sh∂Xv kXy-hn-izm-kn- I-fpsS D¬Ir-jvS-Kp-W-ambn A√mlp FSp-Øp-]-d-™Xv {it≤-b-am-Wv. ""AZriyImcyß-fn¬ hnizkn°pIbpw, {]m¿Y AYhm akvImcw apd{]Imcw n¿hln°pI-bpw, mw ¬-Inb kºØn¬ n∂v sNehgn°pIbpw, n°pw ns‚ ap≥Kman-Iƒ°pw ¬Is∏´ ktμiØn¬ hniz- kn°pIbpw, ]ctemIØn¬ ZrVambn hnizkn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂hcs{X Ah¿ (kq£vaX ]men°p∂h¿)'' (2:3). AXn-m¬ AØcw ad-™-Im-cy-ßsf (ssK-_v) ntj- [n-°¬ kXyntj-[hpw Ahn-izm-khpw (Ip-^v¿) BWv. ad™ Imcy-߃ ap-°-dn-bm-p≈ t{km-X v ]cn-ip≤ Izp¿Bpw {]hm-NI hN--ß-fp-am-Wv. Ah-bn-eqsS ÿnc- s∏´ bmsXm∂pw Hcp apkven-anv ntj-[n-°m≥ ]mSp-≈- X-√. 3 A[ymbw
    • 33Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""kXyhnizmksØ Bsc¶nepw X≈n°fbp∂ ]£w Ahs‚ I¿Ωw njv^eambn°gn™p. ]ctemIØv Ah≥ jvSw ]‰nbhcpsS Iq´Øne-m-bn-cn-°p- Ibpw sNøpw.'' (5:5) ""kXyhnizmknItf, A√mlphnepw, Ahs‚ ZqXnepw, Ahs‚ ZqX∂v Ah-≥ AhXcn∏n® {KŸØnepw apºv Ah≥ AhXcn∏n® {KŸØnepw n߃ hniz-kn°phn≥. A√mlp- hnepw, Ahs‚ ae°pIfnepw, Ahs‚ {KŸßfnepw Ahs‚ ZqX-∑mcnepw, A¥yZnØnepw h√hpw Ahnizkn°p∂ ]£w Xo¿-®bmbpw Ah≥ _lpZqcw ]ng®p t]mbncn°p∂p.'' (4:136) ae-°p-Iƒ A√m-lp-hns‚ AZr-iy-tem-IsØ krjvSn-I-fmWv. Ah-sc-Ip-dn®v Izp¿-Bpw {]hm-N-I-h-N--ßfpw ]d-™p-X-∂-h- sb√mw kXy-s∏-SpØn AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ hni-zm-kn-Iƒ _m[y- ÿ-cm-Wv. F∂m¬ Izp¿-Bpw kp∂Øpw Adn-bn-®-Xn--∏pdw kz¥w `mh--I-fn¬ ]nd-hn-sb-SpØ Nne Bi-b-ßsf ae-°p- I-sf∂ t]cn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Nne¿ {ian-°mdp-≠v. ap-jy- a-- ns‚ ∑-IfpsS `mhßsf ae-°p-I-fmbpw Xn∑-I-fpsS `mh- ßsf ]nim-Np-°-fmbpw Nn{Xo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ AØcw hymJym Ik¿Øp-Iƒs°m∂pw Ckvem-anI {]am-W-ß-fpsS ]n≥_-e-an-√. hnizm-kn-I-fpsS c£m-a-{¥-sa∂ nebn¬ {]tXyIw ]mcm- bWw sNøm≥ _n n¿tZ-in® c≠v kq‡-ß-fmWv hnip≤ Izp¿-B-nse c≠mw A≤ym-b-Ønse 285, 286 hN--߃. ae- °p-I-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw {]kvXpX kq‡-Øn¬ FSp-Øp-]-d-bp- ∂Xv {it≤-b-am-Wv. ae-°p-I-fpsS krjvSn-∏v, cq]w, hnti-j-W-߃, {]h¿Ø-- ߃, t]cp-Iƒ XpSßn Izp¿-Bpw kp∂Øpw Adn-bn® k¿h- Im-cy-ßfpw ae-°p-I-fn-ep≈ hnizm-k-Øns‚ `mK-ambn mw Adn- bpI-bpw kXy-s∏-SpØn AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠-h-bm-Wv. krjvSn-∏v ap-jy-cn¬ n∂v hyXy-kvX-amWv ae-°p-IfpsS krjvSn-∏v.
    • 34 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v _n ]d-bp∂p: ""ae-°p-Iƒ {]Im-i-Øm¬ krjvSn-°-s∏-´n- cn-°p-∂p. Pn∂p-Iƒ XoPzm-e-bn¬ n∂pw ap-jy¿ n߃°v hnh-cn-®p-X-∂-Xn¬ n∂pw (A-Yhm, aÆn¬ n∂v) krjvSn-°-s∏- ´n-cn-°p∂p. (ap-kvenw) ap°v FÆn-°-W-°m-°m≥ Ign-bm-Ø{X AkwJyw ae- °p-I-fp-≠v. _n bpsS nim-bm-{X(Ckvdm-Av)°p tij-ap- ≠mb BIm-im-tcm-l-W-Øn¬(-an-AvdmPv) I≠ Imgv®-Iƒ hnh- cn-°p∂ Iq´-Øn¬ _n ]d-bp∂p: ""ss_Øp¬ aAvaq¿ F-∂ hm-tem-IsØ ae-°p-I-fpsS Bcm-[-m-e-b-Øn¬ Hmtcm- Zn-h-k-hpw Fgp-]-Xn-m-bncw ae-°p-Iƒ a-kvI-cn-°p-∂p. AXn¬ n∂v ]pdØp IS-∂-h¿ ]n∂o-S-hn-tS°v Xncn-®p-t]m-hp-I-bn-√.'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw) A{]-Imcw Xs∂ c-I-sØ-Ip-dn®v hnh-cn-°sh _n ]d- ™p: ""c-I-Ønv Fgp-]-Xn-m-bncw Nß-e-I-fp-≠v. Hmtcm Nß- e-tbm-sSm-∏hpw Fgp-]-Xn-m-bncw ae-°p-I-fpw. Ah¿ AXns hen-®p-sIm-≠p-hcpw'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw) A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""cIØns‚ ta¬tm´°mcmbn mw ae°pIsf am{XamWv nivNbn®ncn°p∂Xv. AhcpsS FÆsØ mw kXyntj[nIƒ°v Hcp ]co£Ww am{X-am- °n-bncn°p∂p. thZw ¬Is∏´n´p≈h¿°v ZrVt_m-[yw hcp- hmpw kXyhnizmknIƒ°v hnizmkw h¿[n°m-pw thZw ¬Is∏´hcpw kXyhnizmknIfpw kwibØn-eIs∏-Sm-Xn-cn- °mpw A√mlp Fs¥mcp D]abmWv CXpsIm≠v Dt±-in-®n- ´p≈sX∂v lrZbßfn¬ tcmKap≈-hcpw kXyntj[nIfpw ]dbp-hmpw th≠nbs{X AXv. A{]Imcw A√mlp Xm≥ Dt±in-°p∂hsc ]ng∏n°pIbpw, Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂hsc t¿hgnbnem°pIbpw sNøp∂p. ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ sskyßsf Ah√msX a‰mcpw AdnbpIbn√. CXv apjy¿°v Hcp D¬t_m[a√msX as‰m∂pa√.'' (74:31) ae-°p-I-fpsS FÆw-t]m-se-X-s∂-bmWv hen-∏hpw Kmw`o-cy- hpw. ap°v Duln°m≥ Ign-bp-∂Xnpa∏pdamWXv. ae-°p-I- fnse {][m-n-bmb Pn_vco-en s At±-l-Øns‚ icnbmb
    • 35Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v cq]-Øn¬ I≠ cwKw _n C{]-Imcw hni-Zo-I-cn-°p∂p:-- -""Pn_vco-¬ v Adp-qdv Nnd-Ip-I-fp-≠v. Hmtcm NndIpw N{I- hm-fsØ ad-°p-∂{X hnim-e-am-Wv.'' as‰m-cn-°¬ _n ]d™p: ""knwlm-khml-I-cmb ae- °p-I-fn¬ Hcm-sf-Ip-dn®v ]d-bm≥ Fn°v Ap-hmZw ¬I-s∏- ´n-cn-°p-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ Hcp sNhn-ap-X¬ ]nc-Sn-h-sc-bp≈ AIew Hcp ]£n Fgp-qdv h¿jw ]d-°p-∂-{X hnim-e-am-Wv.'' (Xz-bm-en-kn) ae-°p-I-fpsS {]tXy-I-X-Isf Ipdn®v kqNn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v Izp¿- B≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWpI: ""BImißfpw `qanbpw krjvSn®p-≠m°n-bhpw c≠pw aq∂pw mepw NndIpIfp≈ ae°pIsf ZqX∑mcmbn ntbmKn®hpamb A√mlphnv kvXpXn. krjvSnbn¬ Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂Xv Ah≥ A[nI-am°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp GXv ImcyØnpw Ignhp-≈hmIp∂p.'' (35:1) Ch-sb√mw ad-™-tem-IsØ (ssK-_v) Imcy-ß-fm-b-Xn-m¬ ΩpsS ]cn-an-X-amb _p≤n-bp-sS-bpw bp‡n-I-fpsS-bpw IÆp-I- fn-eqsS Ahsb hne-bn-cp-ØpI km[y-a-√. hnizm-k-Im-cy-ß- sfm-s°bpw C{μo-bm-XoX Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. _p≤nbpw Nn¥-bp-am- I-s´ `uXn-I-amb ]Zm¿Y-tem-IsØ Ipdn®v am{Xta {]k-‡- am-hp-I-bp-≈q. CØcw Imcy-ß-sf-Ip-dn®v ]cn-an-X-amb ap-jy-- _p-≤n-sIm≠v Nn¥n-°p-hmtm nco-£W nK-a--ß-fn-se- Ømtm {ian-°p-∂Xv A_-≤-ß-fn-te°pw A]-I-S-ß-fn-te°pw am{Xta FØn-°p-I-bp-≈q. AYhm AØcw {ia-߃ XnI™ _p≤n-iq-y-X-bm-sW∂p kmcw. ae-°p-Isf Ipdn®v Adn-bp-∂-Xns‚ t´w H∂maXmbn, ae°pIsf Adnbepw Ah icnbmb cq]- Øn¬ AwKoIcn°epw Cuamns‚ (kXyhnizmkw) `mKam- Wv. icnbmb hnizmkw kzoIcn°msX Hcmƒ°v ]ctem-IØv c£ {]m]n°m≥ km[n°pIbns√∂v Izp¿B≥ Bh- ¿Øn®pW¿Ønbn´p≠v. AØc°mcpsS I¿a߃ t]mep- ah¿°p]Icn°pIbn√ (24:39). am{Xa√ {kjvSm-hmb A√m-
    • 36 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v lp-hns Adn-tb-≠-Xp-t]mse Adn-bm≥ Ahs‚ krjvSn-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ icn-bmb Adn-hn-eqsS km[n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""CsXms° A√mlphns‚ krjvSn-bm-Ip∂p. F∂m¬ Ah∂p ]pdsabp≈h¿ krjvSn®n´p≈Xv F¥msW∂v n߃ Fn°v ImWn®pXcq. A√, A{Ia-ImcnIƒ hy‡amb hgntISnemIp∂p.'' (31:11) k¿h-i-‡-mb A√m-lp-hns‚ i‡n-am-lm-fly-ßfpw krjvSn-ssh-`-h-ßfpw a- n-em-°n-Øc-p∂ hnh-c-W-ß-fmWv ae- °p-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ {]am-W-ß-fnse hniZo-I-cW-ß-fn¬ ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv. A{]-Imcw Xs∂ A√m-lp-hns‚ At- I-tImSn krjvS-n-I-fn¬ H∂p-am-{X-amb ap-jy-t-°mƒ henb A-h[n krjvSn-I-fp-s≠∂pw ap-jy≥ k¿hm-[n-]pw k¿h- i-‡-p-as√∂p-≈ Xncn-®-dnhpw hnbhpw, ae-°p-I-fpsS temIsØ Ipdn-®-dn-bp-∂-Xn-eqsS ap°v e`n-°p-∂p. Zriy-tem- IØv Xs∂-bp≈ Bbpw oe--Ønanw-K-ehpw ]¿h-X-ßfpw BIm-i-hpw kqcypw £-{X-ß-fp-sam-s° ap-jyt-°mƒ F{Xtbm `oam-Im-c-ßfm-Wv. F∂n´pw Ah-sbms° ]S-®-hv Iogvs]´v Ahs kvXpXn®pw {]Io¿Øn-®pw nbaimk--I-f- p-k-cn®pw Ncn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. ]s£, n m-c-mb ap- jy-mWv Al-¶m-c-Øn¬ ap≥]-¥n-bn¬. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""BImißfnep≈hcpw `qan- bnep≈hcpw, kqcypw N{μpw £{Xßfpw, ]¿ΔX-ßfpw hr£ßfpw P¥p°fpw, apjycn¬ Ipsdt]cpw A√mlphnv {]Wmaw A¿∏n®p sIm≠ncn°p∂p F∂v o I≠nt√? (thsd) Ipsd t]cpsS ImcyØn¬ in£ ÿnc-s∏SpIbpw sNbvXn-cn- °p∂p. A√mlp h√hsbpw A]am-nXm°p∂ ]£w Ahs _lpamn°phm≥ Bcpw Xs∂bn√. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂Xv sNøp∂p.'' (22:18) D¬Ir-jvS-cmb ae-°p-Ifpw Cu DØaKpW-߃°v A]-hm- Z-a-√. Ah¿ {]m¿Y--I-fnepw {]Io¿Ø-ß-fnepw Xs∂-bm- Wv.
    • 37Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw ns‚ c£nXm-hns‚ ASp°ep≈h¿ (ae°pIƒ) Ahs Bcm[n°p∂-Xns∏‰n Alw`mhw Sn°pIbn√. Ah¿ Ahs‚ alXzw {]Io¿Øn- °pI-bpw Ahs {]Wan°pIbpw sNbvXpsIm-≠ncn°p∂p.'' (7:206) t]cp-Ifpw tPmen-Ifpw ae-°p-I-fpsS Iq´-Øn¬ Izp¿-B-nepw lZo-Yn-ep-ambn t]cp- Iƒ ]cm-a¿in-°-s∏-´-hcpw A√m-Ø-h-cp-ap-≠v. Ahcn¬ Nne- cpsS tPmen-I-fpw {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw hni-Z-am-°-s∏-´n-´p-ap-≠v. ae-°p-I-fn¬ {][m-n-bmb Pn_vcoen s‚ {][m Npa-Xe ssZhnIktμ-i-߃ ZqX∑m¿°v FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°pI F∂-Xm- Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw CXv (Izp¿-B≥) temIc£nXmhv AhXcn∏n®Xv Xs∂bmIp∂p. hniz-kvXmflmhv (Pn_vco¬) AXpw sIm≠v Cdßnbncn°p∂p. ns‚ lrZbØn¬. o Xm°oXv ¬Ip∂hcpsS Iq´Øn-embn-cn- °phm≥ th≠nbs{X AXv.'' (26:192-˛194) ao°m-Cu-en v A√m-lp-hns‚ n¿tZ-i-a-p-k-cn®v ag-s]- øn-°epw kky-e-XmZ-n-Iƒ apf-∏n-°-ep-am-Wv. as‰mcp {][m-- s∏´ ae°v Ckvdm-^o¬ BWv. temIm-h-km--Øns‚ XpS°w Ipdn-®p-sIm≠v Iml-f-Øn¬ DuXp-∂Xv Ckvdm-^o¬ BWv. c-I-Øns‚ ta¬tm-´-°m-cmb ae-°p-I-fpsS tXrXzw amen- °n- m-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Ah¿ hnfn®p]dbpw; tl, amenIv! Xm- ¶-fpsS c£nXmhv RßfpsS ta¬ (acWw) hn[n°s´. A-t±- lw (amenIv) ]dbpw: n߃ (ChnsS) Xma-knt°≠h¿ Xs∂- bmIp∂p.'' (43:77) amen°v v ]pdsa cIImh¬°mcmbn thsdbpw ae- °pIfp≠v. ""kXyhnizmknItf, kztZlßsfbpw nßfp-sS _‘p-
    • 38 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v °-sfbpw apjycpw I√pIfpw C‘ambn´p≈ cIm-Kvn- bn¬ n∂v n߃ ImØpc£n°pI. AXns‚ ta¬tm´Ønv ]cpjkz`mhap≈hcpw AXni‡∑mcp-amb ae°pIfp-≠m-bn- cn-°pw. A√mlp AhtcmSv I¬]n® ImcyØn¬ AhtmSh¿ Ap-kcWt°Sv ImWn°pI-bn√. AhtcmSv I¬]n-°-s∏-Sp- ∂-Xv F¥pw Ah¿ {]h¿Øn-°pIbpw sNøpw.'' (66:6) kz¿K-Øn-p-ap≠v ta¬tm-´-°m-cmb ae-°p-Iƒ. F∂m-¬ Ah-cpsS t]cp-Iƒ {]am-W-ß-fn-eqsS ÿnc-s∏-´p-h-∂n-´n-√. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""XßfpsS c£nXmhns kq£n®p Pohn®h¿ kz¿KØnte°v Iq´wIq´ambn bn°s∏Spw. Aßs AXns‚ IhmS߃ Xqd∂v sh°s∏´ nebn¬ Ah¿ AXn∂SpØv hcptºmƒ AhtcmSv AXns‚ Imh-¬°m¿ ]dbpw: n߃°v kam[mw. n߃ kwip≤cm-bncn°p∂p. AXnm¬ nXyhmknIsf∂ nebn¬ n߃ AXn¬ {]thin®p sIm≈pI.'' (39:73) J_vdn¬ tNmZyw sNøp∂ c≠v ae-°p-I-fmWv ap≥I¿, Io¿ F∂n-h¿. F∂m¬ Bflmhv ]nSn-s®-SpØv ap-jysc acn-∏n- °p∂ tPmen-bp≈ ae-°ns‚ t]cv {]am-W-ß-fn-eqsS ÿnc- s∏-´p-h-∂n-´n-√. {]Ir-Xhpw {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw ae-°p-I-fpsS Nne D¬Ir-jvS kz-`m-h-߃ Ap-I-c-Wo-b-am- Wv. aSnbpw aSp-∏p-an-√mØ ÿntcm-’m-ln-Ifpw ITn-m-[zm-n-I- fp-amWv alm-∑m-cmb ae-°p-Iƒ. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Cn Ah¿ Alw`mhw Sn-°p-Ibm- sW¶n¬ ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ ASp°ep≈h¿ (ae°pIƒ) cmhpw ]Iepw Ahs {]Io¿Øn°p∂p≠v. Ah¿°v aSp∏v tXm∂pI-bn√.'' (41:38) A{]-Imcw Xs∂ {]h¿Ø--ß-fn¬ IrXy-amb {Iao-I-c-W- hpw ASp°pw Nn´bpw Ah¿°n-S-bn-ep-≠v. _n Hcn-°¬ ]d™p: ""n߃°v ae-°p-Iƒ d∫ns‚bSp-°¬ AWn-b-Wn- bmbn n¬°p-∂-Xp-t]mse AWn-tN¿∂v n∂p-IqtS?'' hn⁄m kZ- p-I-sfbpw hn⁄m-m-tz-jn-I-sfbpw tXSn
    • 39Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v S-°p-Ibpw Ah¿°v th≠n {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂ ae-°p- I-fp-≠v. ap-jy-cpsS I¿a-߃ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xnv {]tXyIw ae°p- I-fp-s≠∂pw Izp¿B≥ Adnbn°p∂p. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw nßfpsS ta¬ Nne ta¬tm´-°m-cp≠v. tcJ- s∏Sp-Ønsh°p∂ Nne amy∑m¿. n߃ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xv Ah¿ Adnbp∂p.'' (82:10-˛12) ap-jy-cpsS kwc-£-I-cmbpw ac-W-Øns‚ Npa-X-e-tb¬∏n- °-s∏-´-h-cmbpw {]tXyIw ae-°p-I-fp-≠v. Xß-fpsS I¿Ø-hy- ß-fn-sem∂pw bmsXm-cp IrXy-hn-tem-]hpw hcp-Øm-Ø-h- cmWh¿. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Ahs{X Xs‚ Zmk∑mcpsS ta¬ ]cam[nImcap≈h≥. nßfpsS ta¬-tm´Ønmbn Ah≥ Imh¬°msc Ab°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. Aßs Ahcn¬ Hcmƒ°v acWw hs∂Øptºmƒ ΩpsS ZqX∑m¿ (ae°pIƒ) Ahs ]q¿Wambn Gs‰-Sp°p∂p. (A°m-cy- Øn¬) Ah¿ Hcp hogvNbpw hcpØp-Ibn√.'' (6:61) ae-°p-Iƒ kXy-hn-izm-kn-Isf hn]¬L´-ß-fn¬ klm-bn- °p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS i{Xp-°sf in-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX ]e kw`-h-ß-fp-ap-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. A√m-lp- Ah-tcmSv G¬]n-°p∂ Imcy-߃ Ah¿ sNøp-∂p-sh∂v am{Xw. A√msX kzX-{¥- ambn Ah¿ H∂nepw CS-s]-Sp-I-bn-√. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ ae°pItfmSv klmb¿Y SØp∂Xv Ckvemw AphZn- °p∂n√. {]XypX k¿hi‡mb A√mlphntm-Sv am{Xta {]m¿Yn°m≥ ]mSp≈q. _Z¿ bp≤-Øn¬ kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°v klm-bn-I-fmbn ae- °p-Iƒ h∂-Xn-s-Ip-dn®v A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""ns‚ c£nXmhv ae°pIƒ°v t_m[w ¬Inbncp∂ kμ¿`w (Hm¿°pI.) Rm≥ nßfpsS IqsSbp≠v. AXnm¬ kXy-hnizmknIsf n߃ Dd∏n®p n¿ØpI. kXyn-tj[n- I-fp-sS a pIfn¬ Rm≥ `bw C´psImSp°p-∂-XmWv. AXn- m-¬ IgpØpIƒ°v aosX n߃ sh´ns°m-≈pI. AhcpsS hncepIsf√mw n߃ sh´n°fbpIbpw sNøpI.'' (8:12)
    • 40 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v eqXzv _n bpsS P-X-bn¬ ae-°p-Iƒ sN∂ cwKw Izp¿- B≥ hnhcn°p-∂p-≠v. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Ah¿ ]d-™p: eqtXz, Xo¿®bmbpw R߃ ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ ZqX∑mcmWv. Ah¿°v (P߃°v) ns‚ ASptØs°-Ømmhn√. BIbm¬ o cm{Xnbn¬ n∂p≈ Hcp bma-Øn¬ ns‚ IpSpw_tØbpw sIm≠v bm{X ]pds∏´v sIm-≈pI. nßfpsS Iq´Øn¬ n∂v Hcmfpw Xncn™v tm°-cpXv. ns‚ `mcysbmgnsI. Xo¿®bmbpw Ah¿°v (Pß-ƒ°v) h∂p`hn® in£ Ahƒ°pw h∂p-`hn- °p∂XmWv. Xo¿®bmbpw Ah¿°v n›bn® Ah[n {]`m-X- am-Ip∂p. {]`mXw ASpØv Xs∂bt√?'' (11:81) ae-°p-Iƒ k¬I¿an-Isf kvtln-°p-Ibpw Ah¿°-p-Iq- e-ambn {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw, ZpjvI¿an-Isf shdp-°p-Ibpw Ah¿s°- Xn-cn¬ {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-sa∂v {]am-W-߃ hni-Z-am-°n- bn-´p-≠v.
    • thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ hnizmkImcy-ß-fnse kp{]- [m---amb H∂mWv thZ{KŸ-ß-fn-ep≈ hnizm-kw. A√m- lp Ah-X-cn-∏n® thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-sf-sbm-s°bpw AwKo-I- cn--°p--hmpw kXy-s∏-Sp-Øp-hmpw Hcp hnizmkn _m[y- ÿ-m-Wv. Ah-bn-te-sX-¶n-ep-sam∂v ntj-[n-®m¬ Xs∂ k¿h-Xn-tbpw ntj-[n-®-Xnv Xpey-am-Wv. hnizm-kn-I-tfm-Smbn A√mlp ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWp-I. ""n߃ ]dbpI: A√mlphnepw, Ah¶¬ n∂v R- ß-ƒ°v AhXcn∏n®p In´nbXnepw, C{_mloanpw C-kv- am-Cuenpw Ckv-lmJnpw bAvJq_npw bAvJq_v k¥XnIƒ°pw AhX-cn-∏n-®v sImSpØXnepw, aqkm, Cu- km F∂nh¿°v ¬Is∏´-Xnepw, k¿Δ {]hmN-I∑m-¿- °pw AhcpsS c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v ¬-Is∏´Xn (ktμ- i-ß-fn)epw R߃ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. Ah-cn¬ B¿°n- S-bn-epw R߃ hnthNw I¬]n°p∂n√. R߃ A- h-∂v (A√m-lphn∂v) Iogv-s]´v Pohn°p-∂hcp-am-Ip-∂p.'' (2:136) as‰m-cn-SØv A√mlp ]d-bp∂p. ""kXyhnizmknItf, A√mlp-hnepw, Ahs‚ ZqXnepw, Ahs‚ ZqX∂v Ah≥ AhXcn∏n® {KŸØn- 4 A[ymbw
    • 42 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v epw apºv Ah≥ AhXcn∏n® {KŸØn-epw n߃ hnizkn°p- hn-≥. A√mlp-hnepw, Ahs‚ ae°pIfnepw, Ahs‚ {KŸß- fnepw Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw, A¥yZnØnepw h√hpw Ahniz- kn-°p-∂ ]£w Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ _-lpZqcw ]ng®p t]mbn- cn-°p∂p.'' (4:136) thZ-{K-Ÿ-߃ F¥v? F¥nv? Imcp-Wy-hm-mb A√mlp Ahs‚ Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ `mK-ambn krjvSn-Iƒ°v am¿K-Z¿i-hpw Cl-]c hnP-b-Øns‚ am¿K-tc- J-I-fp-ambn hnhn[ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-f-h-X-cn-∏n-®p-≠v. aqkm _n °v Ah-X-cn® XudmØpw ZmhqZv _n °v e`n® k_qdpw Cukm °v In´nb C©oepw Ahbn¬s]-´-Xm-Wv. CØ-c-Øn- ep≈ ssZhnI{KŸ-ß-fpsS Ah-km-sØ thZ-amWv hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""Ah≥ Cu thZ{KŸsØ ap≥ thZßsf icn-sh°p∂Xmbns°m≠v kXyhpambn n°v AhXcn∏n®p X∂ncn°p∂p. Ah≥ XudmØpw C≥Poepw AhXcn-∏n®p. CXnp apºv; apjy¿°v am¿KZ-¿iØnmbn´v kXymk-XyhnthN--Ønp≈ {]amWhpw Ah≥ AhXcn-∏n®n- cn-°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp-hns‚ ZrjvSm¥ßƒ ntj- [n®hcmtcm Ah¿°v ITnamb in£bmWp≈Xv. A√mlp {]Xm]nbpw in£mS]Sn kzoIcn°p∂hpamIp∂p.'' (3:3,4) hnhn[ Ime-ß-fn-embn hyXykvX P-k-aq-l-ß-fn-te°v Ah- X-cn-®-h-bmWv Ch-sb-¶nepw ASn-ÿm Imcy-ß-fn¬ ]c-kv]cw tbmPn-°p-∂-h-bmWv ssZhnI {KŸ-ß-sfm-s°-bpw. F∂m¬ hni-Z-amb nban¿tZ-i-ß-fnepw I¿am-p-jvTm--ß-fnepw hyXym- k-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. XnI®pw ssZhn-I-amb Dt±iye-£y-ßfpw bp‡ncl-ky-ß-fp-a-p-k-cn-®mWv Ah-bpsS Ah-X-c-Whpw Ah- bnse hyXym-k-ß-fpw. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""(_ntb) n-°nXm kXy{]Imcw thZ{KŸw Ah-Xcn∏n®v X∂ncn°p∂p. AXns‚ apºn-ep≈ thZ{KŸßsf icnsh°p∂Xpw Ahsb ImØp-c£n-°p-∂- Xp-as{X AXv. AXnm¬ o Ah¿°nSbn¬ mw AhXcn∏n®v
    • 43Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v X∂Xpkcn®v hn[n-I¬]n°pI. n°v h∂pIn´nb kXy- sØ hn´v o AhcpsS X∂njvSßsf ]n≥]‰nt]mIcpXv. nßfn¬ Hmtcm hn`mKØnpw Hmtcm nba{Iahpw I¿-Ω- am¿Khpw mw nivNbn®v X∂ncn-°p∂p. A√mlp Dt±in-®n- cps∂¶n¬ nßsf Ah≥ Hscm‰ kapZm-bam-°p-ambncp∂p. ]s£ n߃°h≥ ¬In-bn´p≈Xn¬ nßsf ]co£n- °phm≥ (Ah≥ Dt±in°p∂p.) AXnm¬ √ Imcyßfnte°v n߃ aXvkcn®v apt∂dpI. A√mlphn¶te°s{X nß-fp- sS-sb√mw aS°w. n߃ `n∂n-®n-cp∂ hnjbßsf∏‰n At∏m- f-h≥ n߃°v Adnbn®v Xcp∂XmWv.'' (5:48) {kjvSmhpw kwc-£-I-p-amb A√m-lp-hn¬ n-∂p≈ am¿K- Z¿i--am-Ip∂ Ahs‚ thZn¿tZ-i-߃ icn-bmb cq]-Øn¬ a- n-em°n ]n≥]-‰pI F∂-Xv k¿h ∑-I-fn-te°pw imizX hnP-b-Øn-te°pw kam-[m--]q¿W-amb Po-hn--X-Øn-te°pw ap- jy-cm-insb ssI]n-Sn-®m--bn-°p∂ al-Ømb Ap-{K-l-am-Wv. Ah GsX-¶nepw apjyakvXn-jvI-Øn¬ Dcp-Øn-cn™ Bi- b-ßfpw ktμ-i-ß-fp-a-√. Ah FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m≥ G¬]n- °-s∏´ {]hm-N-I-∑m¿°p-t]mepw AXn¬ ssI IS-Øp-hmtm am‰w hcp-Øp-hmtm A¿l-X-bn-√. k¿-h-kzhpw ]S®p ]cn-]m- en-°pIbpw k¿-h Ncm-N-c-߃°pw icn-bmb am¿K-Z¿iw ¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvX ]S-®-hs‚ hm°p-Ifpw D]-tZ-i-ß-fp-am-W- h. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Ah ]d-™p-X-cp∂ hnizm-k-˛-B-Nm-c-˛- kw-kvIm-c-˛-kz-`m-hmZn k¿hXpw kzoI-cn®v Ah-bv°-p-k-cn®v PohnXw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ ap-jy≥ _m[y-ÿ-m-Wv. ]s£, ssZhnI {KŸ-ß-sfbpw ssZh ZqX-∑m-scbpw ]cn-K-Wn-°p-Itbm kzoI-cn-°p-Itbm sNømsX ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw Ah-tl-fn-°p- Ibpw sNbvX-h¿ Ncn-{X-Øn-e--h-[n-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. AØ-c-°m- cpsS hgn-tI-Sns‚ Zpc-¥-߃ Cu temIØv Xs∂ Hcp-]s£ Ah¿ Ap-`-hn-t®-°mw. ]mc-{XnIPohn-X-Øn¬ GXm-bmepw Ah¿°v c£tbm kam-[m-tam D≠m-bn-cn-°n-s√-∂Xv {kjvSm- hns‚ Xs∂ ap∂-dn-bn-∏m-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlphns‚ ZrjvSm¥ßsf∏‰n X¿°n°p∂hcpsS t¿°v o tm°n-bnt√? FßsbmWv
    • 44 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ah¿ hyXnNen-∏n°s∏Sp∂Xv F∂v. thZ{KŸ-sØ-bpw, mw ΩpsS ZqX∑msc Ab®Xv Fs¥mcp ZuXyw sIm≠mtWm AXn-sbpw ntj[n®p If™hcs{X Ah¿. F∂m¬ hgnsb Ah¿ Adn™p sIm≈pw. AsX; AhcpsS IgpØpI-fn¬ Ipcp°pIfpw NßeIfpambn Ah¿ hen®ng°s∏Sp∂ kμ- ¿`w. Np´p-Xnf°p∂ sh≈ØneqsS. ]n∂oSv Ah¿ cIm-Kvn- bn-¬ Fcn°-s∏SpI-bpw sNøpw.'' (40:69-˛72) thZ-{K-Ÿ-Øn-epsS Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ sXfn-hp-Ifpw n¿tZ- i-ßfpw Ah-K-Wn®v Pohn-°p-∂-h¿°v ]mc-{XnIPohn-X-Øn¬ Ah FXn¿tc-J-bmbn hcp-∂-Xm-Wv. Hgn-I-gn-hp-Iƒ ncØn c£- s∏-Sm≥ km[n-°m-Ø-hn[w A√mlp sXfn-hp-Iƒ ÿm]n-°p-I- bmWv Ah-bn-eq-sS. A{]-Im-cw-Xs∂ ssZhn-I-amb n¿-tZ-i-ß-f-h-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßsf ]n≥]-‰p∂ P-߃°v B ∑-bpsS ASn-Ø- d-bn¬ sFIy-s∏-Sp-hmpw On{Z-Iƒ C√m-Xm-°mpw km[n-°p- ∂-Xm-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""apjy¿ Hscm‰ kapZmbam-bncp-∂p. A¥cw (Ah¿ `n∂n- ®-t∏mƒ hnizm-knIƒ°v) kt¥mjhm¿Ø Adnbn-°p-hm-pw, (ntj-[nIƒ°v) Xm-°oXv ¬Iphmpambn A√mlp {]hm-N- I-∑m-sc ntbmKn®p. Ah¿ (P-߃) `n∂n® hnjbØn¬ Xo¿-∏p-I¬-]n°phmmbn AhcpsS IqsS kXy-thZhpw Ah≥ Ab-®p-sImSpØp. F-∂m-¬ thZw ¬Is∏´h¿ Xs∂ hyIv- X-amb sXfn-hpIƒ h∂pIn´nbXnp tijw AXn¬ (thZhnjbØn¬) `n∂n-®n´p≈Xv Ah¿ XΩnep≈ amXv-kcyw aqea√msX as‰m-∂p-sIm≠pa√. F∂m¬ GsXmcp kXyØn¬ n∂v Ah¿ `n∂n-®-I∂pthm B kXyØn-te°v A√mlp Xs‚ Xm¬]cy{]Imcw kXy-hnizmknIƒ°v hgn ImWn®p. Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂hsc A√mlp icnbm-b ]mXbnte°v bn°p∂p.'' (2:213) oXn-n-jvT-amb hn[n-Ifpw X¿° ]cn-lm-c-ßfpw thZ-{K- ŸsØ Ah-ew-_n-°p∂ P-߃°v Ffp-∏-Øn¬ km[y-am- Wv. ∑-˛-Xn-∑-Iƒ Fs¥∂v B[n-Im-cn-I-ambn ]d-™p-X-cmpw
    • 45Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v yq-X-Ifpw Aym-b-ßfpw Ie-cmØ kphy-‡-amb nb-a- ßfpw n¿tZ-i-ßfpw ap-jy¿°v ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ B[n- Im-cnI tcJ-bmbn ssZhnI{KŸw ne-sIm-≈p-tºmƒ B P- X-bv°p-≠m-Ip∂ kzÿ-Xbpw kam-[m-hpw An¿h-N-o-b-am- bn-cn-°pw. tsc-a-dn®v ssZhnI {KŸ-ßsf am‰n-n¿Øn-s°m≠v ap-jy-cn-te°v {]kvXpX hnj-b-ßfpw X¿°-ßfpw G¬]n- °-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Ah-cpsS ]cn-lm-c-ß-fnepw hn[n Xo¿]p-I-fnepw ]e-X-c-Øn-ep≈ amp-jnIZu¿_-ey-ß-fp-ap-≠m-hpI kzm`m-hn- I-am-Wv. `uXnI {]Xybimkv{X-ß-fpsS Ipd-hp-Ifpw ]cm-P--b- ßfpw Ahn-sS-bmWv mw ImWp-∂-Xv. {]hm-N-IXzhmZ-hp-ambn hcp∂ ssZ-h-Zq-Xs‚ kXy-X-°p≈ Hcp DØa tcJ-Iq-Sn-bmWv hmkvX-h-Øn¬ At±-l-Øn-s‚ ]°- ep≈ thZ-{K-Ÿw. Izp¿-B≥ A¥na thZ-{KŸw {kjvSmhpw kwc-£-I-p-amb A√m-lp Ah-X-cn-∏n® thZ- {K-Ÿ-ß-fn¬ Ah-km--tØ-XmWv hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥. ssZhn-I- sa∂v AXv kzbw Bh¿Øn-®m-h¿Øn®v Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂p. ""Xo¿®bmbpw CXv (Izp¿B≥) tem-I-c£nXmhv AhXcn∏n®Xv Xs∂bm-Ip∂p. hnizkvXmXvamhv (Pn_vco¬) AXpw sIm≠v Cdßnbncn°p∂p. ns‚ lrZbØn¬. o Xm°oXv ¬Ip∂-hcpsS Iq´Ønembncn°phm≥ th≠n-bs{X AXv. kv]jvSamb Ad_n `mj-bn-e-mWv (AXv AhXcn∏n®Xv.)'' (26:192-˛195) ""Aen^v˛emw˛aow Cu {KŸØns‚ AhXcWw k¿Δ-temI- c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂mIp∂p. CXn¬ bmsXmcp kwib-hpan√.'' (32:1-˛2) (36:1-˛5, 39:1, 40:1-˛2, 41:1˛3, 41:42, 45:1˛2, 46:1-˛2, 56:80, 69:43) XpS- ßnb hN--߃ ImWp-I. AXns‚ ssZhn-I-X-bn¬ kwi-bn-°p-∂-h-tcm-Smbn Izp¿-B≥ S-Ønb i‡-amb sh√p-hnfn q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn FXn-cm-fn-I-fpsS I¿W]pS-ß-fn¬ B-™--Sn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ct∂mfw B sh√p-hnfn ss[cy-k-taXw Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ Bcpw Xøm-dm-bn-
    • 46 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ´n-√. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""(_ntb,) ]d-bp-I: Cu Izp¿B≥ t]msem∂v sIm≠v hcp∂Xn∂mbn apjycpw Pn∂pIfpw H∂n®ptN¿∂mepw Xo¿®bmbpw AXp-t]msem∂v Ah¿ sIm≠v hcnIbn√. Ahcn¬ Nne¿ Nne¿°v ]n¥pW ¬-Ip∂Xmbm¬ t]mepw.'' (17:88) Izp¿-B-ns t]msemcp {KŸw sIm≠p-h-cm≥ km[y-a-s√- ¶n¬, th≠ AXn-ep≈ 114 A[ym-b-ß-fn¬ 10 FÆ-Ønv kam- -am-bsX¶nepw sIm≠p-hcq F∂v Izp¿-B≥ Bh¿Øn®v sh√p- hn-fn-°p-∂p. ""AX√, At±lw AXv sI´n®a®p F∂mtWm Ah¿ ]dbp∂Xv? ]dbpI: F∂m¬ CXpt]sebp≈ ]Øv A≤ym- b߃ Na®p≠m°nbXv n߃ sIm-≠v hcq. A√mlphnv ]pdsa n߃°v km[n°p∂hscsb√mw n߃ hnfn®p- sIm≈pIbpw sNøpI. n߃ kXyhm-∑mcmsW¶n¬.'' (11:13) nc-£-c-mb apl-ΩZv _n bp-sS mhn-eqsS temIw {i- hn-® Cu hN--߃°v Xpey-ambn Xp—-amb hN--ß-sf-¶nepw sIm-≠p-h-cm≥ kmlnXyXºp-cm-°-∑m-tcm-SmWv Izp¿-B≥ sh√p- hn-fn-®-Xv. F∂n´pw Ah¿°Xv tcn-Sm≥ km[n-®n-√. ho≠pw Hcp-]-Sn-IqSn Cd-ßn-s®-∂p-sIm≠v Izp¿-B≥ AXns‚ sh√p-hnfn H∂p-IqSn i‡-ambn Bh¿Øn-°p-∂p. ""ΩpsS Zmkv mw AhXcn∏n®p-sImSpØXns (hnip≤ Izp¿Bs) ]‰n n߃ kwibmep°fmsW¶n¬ A-Xn-s‚Xv t]mep≈ Hcp A[ym-bsa¶nepw n߃ sIm≠phcnI. A√m- lphnv ]pdsa n߃°p≈ klm-bnItfbpw hnfn®p- sIm≈pI. n߃ kXyhm∑mcmsW¶n¬ (AXmWt√m th≠Xv).'' (2:23) ""AX√, At±lw (_n) AXv sI´n-®-a-®XmWv F∂mtWm Ah¿ ]dbp-∂Xv? (_ntb,) ]dbpI: F∂m¬ AXn-∂v Xpeyamb Hcp A≤ymbw nß-ƒ sIm≠p hcq. A√mlphnv ]pdsa n߃°v km[n°p∂hscsb√mw hnfn®psIm≈pIbpw sNøpI. n߃ kXyhm∑mcmsW¶n¬.'' (10:38)
    • 47Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v AXnv km[y-a-s√∂v Xd-∏n®v ]d-™ Izp¿-B≥ i‡-amb Hmtcm Xm-°o-Xpw FXn-cm-fn-Iƒ°v ¬Ip-∂p-≠v. ""n߃°Xv sNøm≥ Ign™ns√-¶n¬ n߃°Xv Hcn- °epw sNøm≥ Ign-bpIbpan√ apjycpw I√pIfpw C‘- ambn IØn°-s∏Sp∂ cImKv-n-sb n߃ ImØp-kq£n- ®p-sIm-≈pI. kXyntj[nIƒ°pth≠n Hcp-°nsh°-s∏´- XmIp∂p AXv.'' (2:24) {kjvSmhpw c£n-Xm-hp-amb A√m-lp-hns‚ A¥n-a-th-Z-amb hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ GsX-¶nepw Hcp {]tXyI hn`m-K-Øntm tZi°m¿t°m am{X-am-bp-≈-X-√. {]XypX k¿h-cn-te-°p-am-bp≈ k¿-h-temIc£n-Xm-hns‚ ktμ-i-a-s{X-b-Xv. ""P߃°v am¿KZ¿iambns°m-≠pw, t¿hgn Im´p∂Xpw kXyhpw Ak-Xyhpw th¿Xncn®p ImWn°p∂Xp- am-b kphyIvX sXfnhpIfmbns°m-≠pw hnip≤ Izp¿B≥ AhXcn∏n°-s∏´ amkamIp∂p daZm≥.'' (2:185) (3:138), (14:52), (17:89), (18:54), (30:58) apX-emb kq‡-߃ ImWp-I. Izp¿-B--≥ Bg-Øn¬ ]Tn-°p-hmpw D‰m-tem-Nn-°p- hmpw Blzmw sNøp∂ Izp¿-B≥ AXns‚ hN--߃ XΩn- ep≈ tN-¿-®bpw Bi-b-s∏m-cp-Øhpw AXn-s‚ ssZhn-I-X-°p≈ as‰mcp ZrjvSm-¥-am-bn FSp-Øp-Im-´p-∂p. ""Ah¿ Izp¿Bns∏‰n Nn¥n°p-∂n-t√? AXv A√mlp A√mØhcpsS ]°¬ n∂p≈Xmbncps∂¶n¬ Ah-cXn¬ [mcmfw sshcp[yw Is≠Øpam-bncp∂p.'' (4:82) ssII-S-Øepw am‰-Øn-cp-Ø-ep-Ifpw kw`-hn® ap≥th-Z-ß- fpsS ASn-ÿm-B-i-b-ßsf kwc-£n-°p-∂Xpw k∑m¿-KZ- ¿inbpw ssZhn-Im-p-{K-l-hp-amWv hnip-≤ Izp¿-B≥. ""(_ntb,) n°nXm kXy{]Imcw thZ{KŸw AhX-cn- ∏n®v X∂ncn°p∂p. AXns‚ apºnep≈ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßsf icn- sh-°p∂Xpw Ahsb ImØpc£n°p∂Xpas{X AXv. AXn- m-¬ o Ah¿°nSbn¬ mw AhXcn∏n®v X∂Xpkcn®v hn[n-I¬]n°pI. n°v h∂pIn´nb kXy-sØ hn´v o Ah- cp-sS X∂njvSßsf ]n≥]‰nt]mIcpXv. nßfn¬ Hmtcm hn`mK-
    • 48 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ønpw Hmtcm nba{Iahpw I¿Ω-am¿-Khpw mw nivNbn®v X∂n-cn°p∂p. A√mlp Dt±in-®n-cp-s∂-¶n-¬ nßsf Ah≥ Hscm-‰ kapZmbam°pambncp∂p. ]s£ n߃°h≥ ¬In- bn´p-≈Xn¬ nßsf ]co-£n-°p-hm-≥ (Ah≥ Dt±in°p∂p.) AXn-m¬ √ Imcyßfnte°v n߃ aXvkcn®v apt∂dpI. A√mlphn¶te°s{X nßfp-sS-sb√mw aS°w. n߃ `n∂n®ncp∂ hnjbßsf∏‰n At∏m-f-h≥ n߃°v Adnbn®v Xcp∂XmWv.'' (5:48) ""A√mlphnv ]pdsa (a‰mcmepw) Cu Izp¿B≥ sI´n®- abv°-s∏Smhp∂-X√. {]XypX AXns‚ apºp≈ Znhyk-tμ- isØ kXys∏SpØp∂Xpw, ssZhn-I-{]amWØns‚ hn- iZoIcWhpas{X AXv. AXn¬ bmsXmcp kwibhpan√. temIc£nXmhn¶¬ n∂p≈XmWXv.'' (10:37) InS-b‰ [m¿an-I-Xbpw kZm-Nm-c-hp-amWv Izp¿-B≥ am-h-cm- in-°p -ap-ºn¬ ka¿∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Izp¿-B≥ njn-≤-am-°nb h√Xpw apjykaq-l-Ønv ∑-bpw DØ-a-hp-amWv Ft∂m Izp¿-B≥ Ap-h-Zn® h√Xpw tZmj-I-c-amb-Xnm-¬ hne-t°-≠-Xm-bn-cp- ∂p-sht∂m hkv-Xp-n-jvT-ambn hna¿in-°m≥ Ct∂mfw B¿°pw km[n-®n-´n-√. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw Cu Izp¿B≥ G‰-hpw icnbmbXnte°v hgn ImWn°p-I-bpw, k¬I¿Ω߃ {]h¿Øn°p∂ kXyhnizm-kn-Iƒ°v henb {]Xn^e-ap≠v F∂ kt¥m-j-hm¿Ø Adnbn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p.'' (17:9) ""A√mlp Xs‚ s]mcpØw tXSnb-hsc AXv aptJ kam[mØns‚ hgnIfnte°v bn°p∂p. Xs‚ DØc-hv aptJ Ahsc A‘Imcßfn¬ n∂v Ah≥ {]ImiØnte°v sIm≠p-h-cp-Ibpw, tcmb ]mXbnte°v Ah-sc bn°pIbpw sNøp∂p.'' (5:16) ap≥thZ-߃°v kw`-hn-®-Xp-t]m-se-bp≈ ssII-S-Ø-ep-I- fn¬n∂v kwc-£n-®v A¥y-mƒ hsc-bp≈ k¿h ap-jy¿°pw am¿K-Z¿iI{KŸ-ambn Izp¿-B-ns ne-n¿Øp-sa∂pw A√mlp kt¥m-j-hm¿Ø Adn-bn-®n-´p-≠v.
    • 49Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""Xo¿®bmbpw mamWv B D¬t_m-[w AhXcn∏n®Xv. Xo¿®bmbpw mw AXns ImØpkq£n°p∂XpamWv.'' (15:9) ap≥ thZ-߃s°¥v kw`-hn®p? Hmtcm {]tXyI ImeL-´-Øn-te°v am{X-am-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p ap≥ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-f-h-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xv. F∂m¬ hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ temIm-h-kmw hsc-bp≈ k¿h P-ß-fn-te-°p-ambn Ah-X- cn-∏n-°-s∏´ A¥na thZ-{K-Ÿ-am-Wv. Izp¿-B-ns‚ Ah-X-c-W-tØmsS ap≥th-Z-{K-Ÿ-ß-fpsS Ime- ]-cn-[nbpw ZuXyhpw Ah-km-n-®p. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p ""CXnp apºv; apjy¿°v am¿K-Z¿i-- Ønmbn´v kXymkXyhnthNØnp-≈ {]am-Whpw Ah≥ AhXcn∏n®ncn°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlphns‚ ZrjvSm-¥- ߃ ntj[n®hcmtcm Ah¿°v ITn-amb in£bmWp≈Xv. A√mlp {]Xm-]nbpw in£mS]Sn kzoIcn°p∂hp-am-Ip∂p. `qanbntem BImitØm D≈ bm-sXmcp Imcyhpw A√mlphn∂v Ahy-IvXambnt∏mIpIbn√; Xo¿®.'' (3:4,5) ap≥ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßsf G¬]n-°-s∏´ kaq-l-߃ Ah-tbmSv th≠-t]mse oXn ]pe¿Øn-bn-√m-sb∂v am{X-a-√, Ah-bn¬ ssII-S-Ø-ep-Iƒ S-Øp-Ibpw kzm¿YXm¬]-cy-߃°-p-k- cn®v Zp¿hym-Jym-n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ""F∂m¬ kz¥w ssIIƒ sIm≠v {KŸw FgpXn-bp-≠m- °pIbpw F∂n´v A-Xv A√mlphn¶¬ n∂v e`n®XmsW-∂v ]dbpIbpw sNøp∂h¿°mIp∂p m-iw. AXv aptJ hne Ipd™ t´-߃ IckvYam°m≥ th≠nbmIp∂p (Ah-cnXv sNøp∂Xv.) AhcpsS ssI-Iƒ FgpXnb hIbnepw Ah¿ kºmZn-°p∂ hIbnepw Ah¿°v miw.'' (2:79) XudmØv kzoIcn°m≥ NpaXe G¬]n°s∏SpIbpw, F∂n´v AXv Gs‰Sp°mXncn°pIbpw sNbvXhcpsS (blq-Zcp- sS) DZm-l-cWw {KŸßƒ Npa°p∂ IgpXbptSXv t]mse- bmIp∂p. A√mlp-hns‚ ZrjvSm¥ßƒ ntj[n®p If™ PßfpsS D]a F{Xtbm NoØ! A{IanIfmb Pßsf A√mlp k∑m¿KØnem°pIbn√''. (62:5)
    • 50 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Izp¿-B≥ ]d™ Cu hkvXp-X-Iƒ qdp-i-X-am-hpw icn- sh-°p-∂-XmWv C∂v ne-hn-ep≈ ap≥ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fp-tS-Xmbn ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂ {KŸ-ß-fpsS tIm-∏nIƒ apgp-h-pw. njv]-£hpw hkvXp-n-jvT-hp-ambn Ah ]T--hn-t[-b-am-Ip∂ B¿°pw CXv t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. ]c-kv]c sshcp[y-amb hN--ßfpw Bi- b-s∏m-cp-Ø-an-√mØ hnh-c-W-ßfpw Ah-bn¬ ImWmw. ap-jy- ¿°v amXr-Ibpw k∑m¿K-Z¿in-I-fp-ambn ssZh-Øm¬ ntbm- Kn-X-cmb {]hm-N-I-∑msc t]mepw Zp¿am¿Kn-Ifpw sIm≈-cp-Xm- Ø-h-cp-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn-°p∂ hN--߃ Ah-bn¬ ImWp∂p F∂Xv F¥p-am{Xw hntcm-[m-`m-k-a√! thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßsf `‡n-bm-Z-c-thmsS kao-]n-°mpw P-ß-sf DZvt_m-[n-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p≠v hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥. ""Fs‚ D¬t_m[sØ hn´v h√h-pw Xncn™pIfbp∂ ]£w Xo¿®bm-bpw Ah∂v CSpßnb Hcp PohnXam-Wp-≠mbn- cn-°pI. Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns‚ mfn¬ Ahs mw A‘- m-b nebn-¬ Fgpt∂¬]n®v sIm≠v hcp∂Xpam-Wv. Ah≥ ]dbpw: Fs‚ c£nXmth, o F¥nmsWs∂ A‘mb ne-bn-¬ Fgpt∂¬]n®v sIm≠v h∂Xv? Rm-≥ ImgvN-bp-≈-h- m-bncp∂t√m! A√m-lp ]dbpw: AßsXs∂bmIp∂p. n- -°v ΩpsS ZrjvSm¥ßƒ hs∂Øp-I-bp≠mbn. F∂n´v o AXv ad∂p-If™p. AXv t]mse C∂v obpw hnkv-acn-°-s∏-Sp- ∂p.'' (20:124-˛126) AXn-m¬, ssII-S-Ø-ep-I-fn¬n-∂pw kpc-£n-Xhpw qdp- i-X-am-hpw ssZhn-I-sa∂v Dd-∏p-≈-Xp-amb A¥na thZ-{KŸw hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ am{X-am-Wv. AX-p-k-cn®v Pohn-°p-I-bmWv tam-£-Øn-s‚bpw hnP-b-Øn-s‚bpw am¿Kw. ssZhn-I-amb am¿K- n¿tZ-i-߃ ]Tn-®-dn™v ]n≥]-‰p-hmpw AXp-hgn imiz-X- amb kam-[m-hpw hnP-bhpw Ic-ÿ-am-°p-hmpw k¿h-i-‡≥ XpW-°s´! Bao≥
    • ssZhZqX∑m-cn-ep≈ hnizmkw ap-jy≥ `uXn-I-ambn F{X-Xs∂ ]ptcm-K-an-®mepw ssZ-hn-I am¿K-Z¿iw Ahv An-hm-cy-am-Wv. kXyhpw Ak-Xy-hpw [¿ahpw A[¿ahpw th¿Xn-cn-®-dn-bm≥ hyXykvX n-e-hm-c-Øn-ep≈ apjy_p≤nt°m Nn¥- Iƒt°m km[y-a-√. ÿe-˛-Im-e-ß-fp-ambn _‘n-°-s∏´ ap-jyv Ah-bn-¬-n∂v ap‡-ambn Nn¥n-°p-hmpw Imcy- ߃ hne-bn-cp-Øp-hmpw Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXp-sIm-≠p- Xs∂ apjy_p≤n-bn¬ n-∂p-cp-Øn-cn-bp∂ [m¿anIn¿tZ-i-߃°v ÿe-˛-Im-e-ß-fp-sS kzm[o--ap- ≠m-hpI kzm`m-hnIw am{Xw. km¿h-Im-en-I-hpw km¿h-P- o--hp-amb Ip‰-a‰ am¿Kn¿tZ-i-߃ ¬Im≥ a-p-jy≥ Ai-‡-m-Wv. hnhm-lhpw hy`n-Nm-chpw XΩn-ep≈ hy- Xymkw Ahv hni-Zo-I-cn-°pI {]bm-k-am-Wv. H∂v hnip- ≤hpw at‰Xv Ahnip-≤-hp-sa∂v {]Jym-]n-°m≥ Ahv km[n-°p-I-bn-√. Ahn-sS-bmWv ssZhnI am¿KZ¿i-- Øns‚ {]-k-‡n. ssZhnI am¿K-Z¿iw Hmtcm Pohn°pw ne-n¬]n-m-h-iy-amb P∑-hm-k-- 5 A[ymbw
    • 52 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ifpw Znim-t_m-[hpw ¬Inb {kjvSmhv Xs∂ ap-jypw am¿K-n¿tZ-i-߃ ¬Ip-I-sb-∂Xv {kjvSm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lhpw Imcp-Wy-hp-am-Wv. sΩ krjvSn® A√m-lp- X-s∂-bm-Wv mw Fßs Pohn-°-W-sa∂v ]d-™p-X-cm≥ A-¿-l-pw tbmKy-pw. Ahs‚ CjvSm-n-jvS-߃ a- n-em-°m-pw Ahv Fßs Bcm-[--I-f¿]n-°-W-sa-∂-dn-bmpw a-p-jy-_p≤n Ai-‡-am- Wv. Xm≥ Fhn-sS-n∂v h∂p? Ftßm´v t]mIp∂p? Fßs Pohn-°Ww? Fs∂m-s°-bp≈ A-Sn-ÿmtNmZy-߃°v IrXy- amb Hcp DØcw ¬Imtm X-s‚ hnem-khpw Pohn-X-e-£yhpw n¿W-bn-°p-hmtm ∑˛-Xn-∑-Isf hyh-tO-Zn-°p-hmtm ssZhnI am¿K-Z¿iw Iq-SmsX km[y-a√ Xs∂. Imcp-Wy-hm-mb A√mlp Ah-n-d-°nb thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-eq- sSbpw Ah--b® ZqX-∑m-cn-eq-sSbpw AXv ¬In. ""ae°pIfn¬ n∂pw apjycn¬ n∂pw A√mlp ZqX∑msc sXcs™Sp°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp tI-ƒ-°p∂hpw ImWp∂hpas{X.'' (22:75) B {]hm-N-I-∑msc Adn-bepw AwKo-I-cn-°epw ap-jy-cpsS _m[y-Xbpw c£m-am¿K-hp-am-Wv. ap-jy-cn¬n∂v Xs∂ amXr- Ibpw am¿K-Z¿i--hp-ambn ZqX-∑msc Ab-°p-I-hgn hfsc henb Ap-{K-l-amWv A√mlp ap-jy-cm-in°v sN-bvX-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw kXyhnizmknIfn¬ Ahcn¬ n∂v X-s∂- bp≈ Hcp ZqXs ntbmKn°pI hgn A√mlp al-Øm--b Ap{KlamWv Ah¿°v ¬Inbn´p≈Xv. A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ ZrjvSm¥ßƒ Ah¿°v HmXntIƒ]n°pIbpw, Ahsc kwkvIcn°pIbpw, Ah¿°p {KŸhpw PvRmhpw ]Tn∏n- °pI-bpw sNøp∂ (Hcp ZqXs). AhcmIs´ apºv hy-IvXamb hgntISn¬ Xs∂bmbncp∂p.'' (3:164) ssZhnI ktμ-i-ß-fp-ambn F√m kaq-l-ß-fn-te°pw A- √mlp ZqX-∑msc Ab-®n-´p-≠v. ""Xo¿®bmbpw Hmtcm kapZmbØnepw mw ZqXs ntbm- Kn-®n´p≠v. n߃ A√mlpsh Bcm[n°pIbpw, Zp¿aq-¿-Øn-
    • 53Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v I-sf shSnbpIbpw sNøWw F∂v ({]t_m[w sNøp∂Xnv th≠n.) F∂n´v Ahcn¬ Nnesc A√mlp t-¿hgnbnem°n. Ah-cn¬ NnecpsS ta¬ hgntISv kv-Yn-c-s∏-SpIbpw sNbvXp. BIbm¬ n߃ `qanbneqsS S∂n´v n-tj[n®p-X≈n-°f- ™-hcpsS ]cyhkmw F-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p F∂v tm°pI.'' (16:36) ""Ahnizkn®hcmtcm Ah¿°mWv cImKvn. AhcpsS ta¬ (acWw) hn[n°s∏Sp∂X√. F¶n¬ Ah¿°v a-cn-°m- ambncp∂p. AXnse in£bn¬ n∂v H´pw Ah¿°v C-f- hpsNøs∏SpIbpan√. A{]Imcw F√m μnsI´h¿°pw mw {]Xn^ew ¬Ip∂p.'' (35:36). Ahsc ]n≥]-‰¬ Hmtcm P-X-bp-sSbpw _m[y-X-bs{X! Hcp-]‰w {]hm-N-I-∑m-cpsS t]cp-Iƒ FSp-Øp-]-d™ ti-j-w A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""AhscbmWv A√mlp t¿hgnbnem°nbn´p≈Xv. A-Xn- m¬ AhcpsS t¿am¿KsØ o ]n¥pS¿∂v sIm≈pI. (_ntb) ]dbpI: CXns‚ t]cn¬ bmsXmcp {]Xn^ehpw Rm-≥ nßtfmSv Bhiys∏Sp∂n√. CXv temI¿°v th-≠n- bp≈ Hcp D-Zvt_m[a√msX as‰m∂pa√.'' (6:90) BcmWv {]hm-N-I-∑m¿? ap-jy¿°v am¿K-Z¿iw ¬Ip-∂-Xn-p-th≠n Ah-cn¬n∂v Xs∂ A√mlp sXs™-SpØ kXy-k-‘cpw k-¬-kz-`m-hn-I- fp-amb alm-∑m-cmWv {]hm-N-I-∑m¿. A√m-lp-hns‚ Ap-{K- lhpw HuZm-cy-hp-sa∂ ne-bn¬ Ah≥ -¬-Ip-∂-XmWv {]hm- N-I-Xzw. A√msX ]cn-{i-a-ß-fn-eqsS tSm-m-hp-∂-X√ AXv. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""ns‚ c£nXmhv Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂Xv krjvSn°pIbpw, (C-jvSap≈Xv) sXcs™Sp°pIbpw sNøp∂p. Ah¿°v sX-c- s™Sp°phm≥ A¿lXbn√. A√mlp F{Xtbm ]-cn-ip-≤-pw, Ah¿ ]¶ptN¿°p∂Xns√mw AXoXp-ambn-cn-°p-∂p.'' (28:68) ssZhnI ZrjvSm-¥-ßfpw {]hm-N-I-Xzhpw AwKo-I-cn-°msX
    • 54 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Zp¿ym-b-߃ ncØn iTn-®p-n-∂-h-tcmSv Izp¿-B≥ {]Xn-I-cn- ®-Xn-{]-Im-c-am-Wv. ""Ah¿°v h√ ZrjvSm¥hpw h∂m¬, A√mlphns‚ Zq-X- ∑m¿°v ¬Is∏´Xv t]mep≈Xv R߃°pw e-`n-°p-∂-Xv hsc R߃ hnizkn°pItb C√ F∂mbncn°pw Ah¿ ]dbpI. F∂m¬ A√mlphn∂v √hÆadnbmw; X-s‚ ZuXyw FhnsSbmWv G¬]nt°≠sX∂v. Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fn¬ G¿s]´h¿°v X߃ {]tbmKn®ncp∂ IpX-{¥-Øn-s‚ ^eambn A√mlphn¶¬ loXbpw ITnamb in-£-bpw h∂p`hn°p∂XmWv.'' (6:124) ""Cu c≠v ]´Wßfn¬ n∂p≈ GsX¶nepw Hcp alm]pcpjs‚ ta¬ F¥psIm≠v Cu Izp¿B≥ AhXcn- ∏n°s∏´n√ F∂pw Ah¿ ]d™p. AhcmtWm ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ Ap{Klw ]¶v sh®p sImSp°p∂Xv? mamWv sFlnIPohnXØn¬ Ah¿°nSbn¬ AhcpsS PohnXam¿Kw ]¶v sh®psImSpØXv. Ahcn¬ Nne¿°v Nnesc Iogmfcm°n sh°Ø°hÆw Ahcn¬ Nnesc a‰p Nnesc°mƒ D]cn mw ]e ]SnIƒ Db¿ØpIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ ImcpWyamIp∂p Ah¿ tiJcn®p sh°p∂Xns°mƒ DØaw.'' (43:31-˛32) Ah¿ amXr-Im-]p-cp-j-∑mcpw kºq¿W ap-jy-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-cmcpw ssZhtam ssZhm-h-Xm-c-ßtfm A√. amp-jn-I-amb ]e hnIm-c-ßfpw ]cn-an-Xn-I-fp-ap-≈-h-cm-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. tcmKhpw hni∏pw £oW-hp-sams° Ah¿°v _m[n-®n-cp-∂p. Izp¿-B≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Ønb {]hm-N-I-∑m-cn-sem-cm-fmb C{_mlnw _n bpsS hm°p-Iƒ Izp¿-B≥ D≤-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWpI. ""Fn°v Blmcw XcnIbpw IpSno¿ XcnIbpw sN-øp- ∂h≥. Fn°v tcmKw _m[n®m¬ AhmWv Fs∂ kp- Js∏SpØp∂Xv. Fs∂ acn∏n°pIbpw ]n∂oSv Po-hn-∏n-°pIbpw sNøp∂h≥.'' (26:79-˛81). {]hm-N-I-∑m-cn¬ G‰hpw D¬Ir-jvS-mb apl-ΩZv -_n- °pw tcmKhpw ad-hn-bp-sams° kw`-hn-®n-´p-≠v. Ahn-Sp-∂v ]d™p:
    • 55Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""Rm--≥ nßsf t]msemcp ap-jy-m-Ip-∂p. n-߃°v adhn ]‰p-∂-Xp-t]mse Fn°pw adhn kw`-hn-°pw'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkv- enw) Ah-cpsS amp-jn-I-amb Cu Ah-ÿ-Iƒ I≠v Ahsc n- tj-[n-°p-Ibpw ]cn-l-kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-h¿°v Izp¿-B-≥ ]e- bm-h¿Øn adp-]Sn ¬In-bn-´p-≠v. ""P߃°v k∑m¿Kw h∂t∏mƒ Ah¿ AXv hn-iz-kn-°p- ∂-Xnv XS ambXv, A√mlp Hcp apjys Zq-X-m-bn ntbm- Kn-®n-cn°pIbmtWm F∂ AhcpsS hm°v am-{X-ambncp∂p. (_n-tb) ]dbpI: `qanbnep≈Xv im¥cmbn -S∂v t]mIp∂ ae-°pIfmbncps∂¶n¬ Ahcnte°v B-Im-iØv n∂v Hcp ae°n-s mw ZqXmbn C-d°p-am-bn-cp-∂p.'' (17:-94-˛95) ""Ahcnte°v ntbmKn°s∏´ ZqX∑m¿ ]d™p: B-Im-i- ß-fpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw krjvSnI¿Ømhmb A-√m-lp-hns‚ Im-cyØnemtWm kwibap≈Xv? nßfpsS ]m-]-߃ n- ߃°v s]mdpØpXcmpw, n¿WnXamb Hcp A-h[n hsc n- ß-ƒ°v kabw o´nØcphmpambn Ah≥ n-ßsf £-Wn- °p-∂p. Ah¿ (P߃) ]d™p: n߃ R-ßsf-t∏m-sebp- ≈ apjy¿ am{XamIp∂p. RßfpsS ]n-Xm°ƒ Bcm[n®v hcp-∂Xn¬ n∂p Rßsf ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°mmWv n߃ Dt±in°p∂Xv. AXnm¬ hyIvXamb h-√ tcJbpw n߃ R-߃°v sIm≠v h∂pXcq. AhtcmSv A-hcnte°p≈ ssZh- ZqX-∑m¿ ]d™p: R߃ n-ß-sf-t∏msebp≈ apjy∑m¿ Xs∂bmWv. F¶nepw, A-√m-lp Xs‚ Zmk∑mcn¬ n∂v Xm≥ Dt±-in°p∂htcmSv Hu-Zmcyw ImWn°p∂p. A√mlphns‚ ApaXn {]-Im-c-a-√m-sX n߃°v bmsXmcp sXfnhpw sIm≠v h∂v Xcm≥ R-߃°mhn√. A√mlphns‚ taemWv hnizm-kn- I-ƒ `-c-ta-¬]nt°≠Xv.'' (14:10,11) F¥p-sIm≠v ssZhZqX-∑m-cmbn ae-°p-Isf Ab-®n√? F- ∂ ntj-[n-I-fpsS tNmZy-Ønv Izp¿-B≥ ¬Inb adp-]-Snbpw {it≤-b-am-Wv. ""CbmfpsS (_n bpsS) ta¬ Hcp ae°v C-d-°-s∏-Sm-ØXv
    • 56 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v F¥mWv F∂pw Ah¿ ]dbpIbp≠mbn. F∂m¬ mw ae°ns Cd°nbncps∂¶n¬ Imcyw (A¥naambn) Xocpamn°s∏Spambncp∂p. ]n∂oSh¿°v kabw o-´n-°n-´p- ambncp∂n√. Cn mw Hcp ae°ns (ZqXmbn) nivN-bn- °pIbmsW¶n¬ Xs∂ B ae°nsbpw mw ]p-cp-j-cq- ]Ønem°pambncp∂p. Aßs (C∂v) Ah¿ B-i-b-°p- g∏ap≠m°p∂ hnjbØn¬ (At∏mgpw) mw Ah¿°v kw- ibap≠m°p∂XmWv.'' (6:8˛9) {]hm-N-I-∑m¿ F¥nv? ssZhZqX-∑mc A√mlp Ab-®-Xnv ]n∂n¬ Nne al-Ømb e£y-ß-fp-≠v. 1. amXrI: {]hm-N-I-∑m¿ ssZhnI am¿K-Z¿i--a-p-k-cn®v Pohn-°p-∂- h-cm-Wv. Ah-cpsS PohnXw a‰p-≈-h¿°v amXr-I-bm-Wv. ""Xo¿®bmbpw n߃°v A√mlphns‚ ZqXn¬ D-Ø-a- amb amXrIbp≠v. AXmbXv A√mlpshbpw A-¥y-Zn--sØ- bpw {]Xo£n®psIm≠ncn°pIbpw, A√mlpsh [m-cm-fambn Hm¿an°pIbpw sNbvXp hcp∂h¿°v.'' (33:21) XnI™ ap-jy-c-s√-¶n¬ CXv km[y-am-hp-I-bp-an-√. 2. `n∂-X°v ]cn-lmcw: kaq-l-Ønse `n∂-X-Iƒ°pw ho£W hyXym-k-ß-ƒ-°pw ]cn-lmcw I≠v sFIy-s∏-Sm-p≈ am¿Kw-Iq-Sn-bmWv ssZ-hnI t_m[{]Imcw P-߃°n-S-bn¬ Xo¿® I¬]n-°p-∂ {]hm- N-I-∑m¿. sI´p-d-∏p≈ kaq-l-Ønv An-hm-cy-amb Hcp am¿Kn¿tZ-i-am-Wn-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""apjy¿ Hscm‰ kapZmbambncp∂p. A¥cw (Ah¿ `n- ∂n--®t∏mƒ hnizmknIƒ°v) kt¥mjhm¿Ø A-dn-bn-°p-hm- pw, (ntj[nIƒ°v) Xm°oXv ¬Iphmpambn A-√m-lp-{]hm- NI-∑msc ntbmKn®p. Ah¿ (P߃) `n∂n® hnjbØn¬ Xo¿∏pI¬]n°phmmbn AhcpsS IqsS k-Xy-thZhpw Ah≥ Ab®psImSpØp. F∂m¬ thZw -¬-I-s∏´h¿ Xs∂ hyIvX-
    • 57Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v amb sXfnhpIƒ h∂pIn´nbXnp tijw AXn¬ (thZ-hn-j-b- Øn¬) `n∂n®n´p≈Xv Ah¿ XΩnep≈ amXvkcyw aqea√msX as‰m∂psIm≠pa√. F-∂m-¬ GsXmcp kXyØn¬ n∂v Ah¿ `n∂n®I∂pthm B kXyØnte°v A√mlp Xs‚ Xm¬-]cy- {]Imcw k-Xy-hnizmknIƒ°v hgn ImWn®p. Xm≥ Dt±-in-°p- ∂-hsc A-√mlp icnbmb ]mXbnte°v bn°p∂p.'' (2:213) 3. Hgn-I-gnhv ]d-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥: -∑-Iƒ kzoI-cn®v ssZhnIam¿K-Z¿i--߃°-p-kr-X-am-bn Pohn-®-h¿°v c£n-Xm-hns‚ {]Xn-^-ew kw_-‘n® k- t¥mjhm¿Øbpw, Xn∑-I-fpsS h‡m-°-fmbn PohnXw in- ∏n-®-h¿°v hcm-n-cn-°p∂ Zpc-¥-ß-sf-°p-dn® Xm-°o-Xpw ¬Ip∂ {]hm-N-I-∑m¿, ssZhnI hnNm-c-W-bpsS thf-bn¬ bmsXm-cp-hn[ Hgn-I-gn-hp-Iƒ nc-Øm-Xn-cn-°p-hm-≥-th-≠n A√mlp ÿm]n® i‡-amb sXfn-hp-IƒIq-Sn-bm-Wv. _n ]d-bp∂p: ""A√m-lp-hn-t-°mƒ ymb-amb Hgn-I-gn-hp-Iƒ kzoI- cn-°m-n-jvS-s∏-Sp∂ as‰m-cm-fp-an-√. A°m-c-W-Øm-emWv Ah≥ kt¥m-j-hm¿Ø Adn-bn-°p-∂-hcpw ap∂-dn-bn∏v ¬Ip-∂-h-cp- amb ZqX-∑msc ntbm-Kn-®Xv'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkv-enw). A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""kt¥mjhm¿Ø A-dn-bn-°p-∂-h-cpw, Xm°oXv ¬Ip∂hcpamb ZqX∑mcmbncp∂p Ah¿. B ZqX∑m¿°v tijw P߃°v A√mlphnsXncn¬ H-cp ymbhpw C√mXncn°m≥ th≠nbmWXv. A√mlp {]-Xm-]nbpw bpIvXnampamIp∂p.'' (4:165) apl-ΩZv _n -bpsS ntbm-K-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v C-°m-cyw H∂p-IqSn Izp¿-B≥ Bh¿Øn-°p-∂Xv ImWpI. ""thZ°mtc, ssZhZqX∑m¿ hcmsX Hcp CSthf I-gn-™ tijw n߃°v (Imcy߃) hnhcn®pX∂p sIm≠v -ΩpsS ZqX≥ CXm nßfpsS ASpØv h∂ncn°p∂p. R-ß-fpsS ASpØv Hcp kt¥mjhm¿Ø°mctm, Xm-°o-Xp-Im-ctm h∂n√ F∂v n߃ ]dbmXncn°m≥ th-≠n-bm-Wn-Xv. AsX, n߃°v kt¥mjhm¿Ø Adnbn°pIbpw, Xm°oXv ¬IpIbpw sNøp∂ Bƒ (CXm) h∂p I-gn-™n-cn°p∂p.
    • 58 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp GXv ImcyØnpw Ign-hp-≈-h--s{X.'' (5:19) "R߃ Adn-™n-√, tI´n√' F∂v Hcmƒ°v ymb-hm-Z-ß- ƒ nc-Øm≥ Ign-bm-Ø-hn[w FXn¿tcJ-Iƒ ÿm]n-°-s∏-´n- cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v kmcw. {]hmNI∑mtcmSp≈ ISaIƒ tam£-Øn-s‚bpw kam-[m--Øn-s‚bpw ]mT-߃ ]d-™p- X∂v ∑-bpsS ]mX-bn-eqsS ssI]n-Sn-®m--bn® kXy-k-‘- ∑mcpw ap-jy-kvt-ln-I-fp-amb ssZh-Zq-X-∑msc kvtln-°p- Ibpw BZ-cn-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠-Xp-≠v. Ah-cn-eq-sS e`n® t´w a‰m-cn-eqsS e`n-°p∂ t´-ß-tf-°mfpw a-l-Ø-c-am-Wv. Ah¿ B ∑-bpsS am¿K-Øn¬ kln® Xym-K-߃°pw IjvS-X- Iƒ°pw Xpey-X-bn-√. ∑-Iƒ am{Xw k-aq-l-Ønv kΩm-n® Ah-cn¬ ]e-scbpw kz¥w PX a¿-Zn-°p-Ibpw sIme-s∏-Sp- Øp-Ibpw mSp-I-S-Øp-I-bp-sam-s°-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. AØcw ntj-[n-Iƒ°v Cu temI Pohn-X-Ønepw ]mc-{XnIPohn-X- Ønepw e`n-°p∂ in£sb kw_-‘n®v Izp¿-B≥ hnh-cn-°p- ∂p-≠v. ""ChcpsS apºv qlns‚ PXbpw d pImcpw, YaqZv k- apZmbhpw kXyw ntj[n°pIbp≠mbn. BZv k-ap-Zm-b-hpw, ^n¿Hupw, eqXzns‚ ktlmZcßfpw, ac-°q-´-ß-ƒ-°n-Sbn¬ hkn®ncp∂hcpw, Xp∫Cs‚ PXbpw. C-h-sc-√mw ssZhZqX∑msc ntj[n®p X≈n. At∏mƒ (Ahcn¬) F-s‚ Xm°oXv kXyambn ]pe¿∂p.'' (50:12-˛14) Ah-cpsS al-Xzhpw {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw Xncn-®-dn™ hnizm-kn- Iƒ as‰-¥n-t-°mfpw Ahsc kvtln-°p-hmpw Ah-cpsS am¿K-n¿tZ-i-߃ ]n≥]-‰p-hmpw _m[y-ÿ-cm-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""kXyhnizmknItf, ]WvUn-X-≥-am-cnepw ]ptcmlnX∑mcnepw s]´ [mcmfw t]¿ P-ß-fp-sS [w Aym- b-ambn Xn∂pIbpw, A√mlphns‚ am¿K-Øn-¬ n∂v (Ahsc) XS-bpIbpw sNøp∂p. kz¿Whpw sh-≈n-bpw nt£-]am-°n- sh-°pIbpw, A√mlphns‚ am-¿-KØn¬ AXv sNe-hgn-°m- Xncn-°pIbpw sNøp∂hcmtcm A-h¿°v thZtbdnb in£-
    • 59Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v sb-∏‰n kt¥mjhm¿Ø A-dn-bn°pI.'' (9:34) ""AhscbmWv A√mlp t¿hgnbnem°nbn´p≈Xv. A-Xn-m- ¬ AhcpsS t¿am¿KsØ o ]n¥pS¿∂v sIm≈pI. (_n- tb) ]dbpI: CXns‚ t]cn¬ bmsXmcp {]Xn^ehpw Rm-≥ nß-tfmSv Bhiys∏Sp∂n√. CXv temI¿°v th-≠n-bp≈ Hcp D¬t_m[a√msX as‰m∂pa√.'' (6:90) Ah-cpsS {]hm-N-I-Xz-aw-Ko-I-cn-°p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS A[ym-]- -ßsf ssZhnI shfn-]m-Sp-I-sf∂ ne-bn¬ BZ-cn-°p-Ibpw thWw. Ah-bnse bp‡n-c-l-ky-߃ Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ km-[n- ®n√ F∂-Xns‚ t]cn¬ Ahsb ]cn-l-kn-°p-Itbm n-tj-[n- °p-Itbm sNøm≥ ]mSp-≈-X-√. A√mlp {]hm-N-I-mbn sXc- s™-Sp-Ø-h-cmbn {]am-W-߃ Adn-bn® Hcm-fp-sS -t]mepw {]hm- N-IXzw ntj-[n-°m-h-X-√. Ah-cn¬ H-cmsf ntj-[n-®m¬ Xs∂ k¿h {]hm-N-I-∑m-scbpw ntj-[n-®-Xnv Xpey-am-bn. BZy-a-p-jypw H∂m-asØ _nbpw BZw _n bm-Wv. F∂m¬ H∂m-asØ dkq¬ qlv _n -bm-Wv. At±-lsØ ntj-[n-®-h-sc-°p-dn®v A√mlp ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWpI. ""qlns‚ PX ssZhZqX∑msc ntj[n®p X≈n.'' (26:105) A√mlp Ab® {]hm-N-I-∑m-cn¬ Nnesc AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw a‰p -Nn-esc ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv XnI™ ntj-[hpw nμy-amb in£°v A¿l-am-°p∂ Imcy-am-sW∂pw Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øp∂p. ""A√mlphnepw Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw A-hn-iz-kn-°p-I-bpw, (hnizmkImcyØn¬) A√mlphnpw Ahs‚ Zq-X-≥-am¿- °panSbn¬ hnthNw I¬]n°m≥ B{Kln°pIbpw R߃ Nne-cn--¬ hnizkn°pIbpw, Nnesc n-tj-[n-°p-I-bpw sNøp∂p F∂v ]dbpIbpw, Aßs AXn∂nSbn¬ (hn-izmkØnpw AhnizmkØnpanSbn¬) as‰mcp am¿Kw kzo-Icn°m≥ Dt±in°pIbpw sNøp∂hcmtcm, Ah¿ X-s∂-bmIp∂p bYm¿YØn¬ kXyntj[nIƒ. k-Xy-n-tj-[n-Iƒ°v A]amIcamb in£ mw Hcp°nsh®n´p≠v.'' (4:150-˛151) aqkm- -h-sc-bp≈ {]hm-N-I-∑msc AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw ti-
    • 60 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v -jw h∂ Cukm--_n sbbpw apl-ΩZv _n -sbbpw AwKo- I-cn-°m-Xn-cn°pIbpw sNbvX PqX-∑m-cp-sSbpw Cukm- -bn¬ hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw apl-ΩZv _n -bn¬ Ahn-iz-kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX ss{IkvX-h-cp-sSbpw am¿K-{`wiw CXn¬n∂v hy‡- am-Wv. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ aql-ΩZv _n -bpsS {]hm-N-I-Xz-sØ- °p-dn®v tamsi {]hm-N-Ipw tbiphpw kphn-tijadn-bn-®n-cp- ∂-Xmbn ss__nƒ X-s∂bpw km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠v. Izp¿- B≥ Ah-sc-°p-dn®v ]-d-™-sX{X icn! ""mw thZw ¬Inbn´p≈h¿°v kz¥w a°sf A-dn-bm- hp∂Xv t]mse At±lsØ (dkqens) A-dn-bm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Xo¿®bmbpw Ahcn¬ Hcp hn`mKw Adn™psIm≠v Xs∂ kXyw ad®psh°pIbmIp∂p.'' (2:146) ""mw thZ{KŸw ¬Inbn´p≈h¿ kz¥w a°sf A-dn- bp∂Xv t]mse AXv Adnbp∂p≠v. kztZlßsf -jv-S-Øn- em°nbhcs{X Ah¿. AXnm¬ Ah¿ hn-iz-kn-°p-I-bn√.'' (6:20) hnizm-kn-I-tfm-Smbn A√m-lp-hns‚ n¿tZiw k¿h {]hm- N-I-∑m-scbpw AwKo-I-cn-°p-hm-m-Wv. Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂p. ""n߃ ]dbpI: A√mlphnepw, Ah¶¬ n∂v R-ß-ƒ°v AhXcn∏n®p In´nbXnepw, C{_mloanpw C-kv-am-Cuenpw CkvlmJnpw bAvJq_npw bAvJq_v k-¥-XnIƒ°pw AhXcn∏n®v sImSpØXnepw, aqkm, Cukm F∂nh¿°v ¬Is∏´Xnepw, k¿Δ {]hmNI∑m¿°pw A-hcpsS c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v ¬-I-s∏-´-Xn-(ktμ-i-ß-fn)epw R߃ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. Ahcn¬ B¿°nSbnepw R߃ hnthNw I¬]n°p∂n√. R߃ Ah∂v (A-√m-lphn∂v) Iogvs]´v Pohn°p∂hcpamIp∂p.''(2:136) B n¿tZiw kzoI-cn® kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-fpsS {]Jym-]w Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øp-∂Xv ImWp-I. ""Xs‚ c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v Xn°v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xn-¬ dkq¬ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. (AXnsXpS¿∂v) k-Xy-hn-izm-kn- I-fpw. Ahsc√mw A√mlphnepw, Ahs‚ a-e-°p-Ifnepw Ah-
    • 61Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v s‚ thZ{KŸßfnepw, Ahs‚ Zq-X-≥-am-cn-epw hniz-kn-®ncn-°p- ∂p. Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcn¬ B-¿-°p-an-S-bn¬ Hcp hnthNhpw R- ß-ƒ I¬]n°p∂n√. (F-∂-Xm-Wv AhcpsS ne]mSv.) Ah¿ ]d-bpIbpw sNbvXp: R-ß-fn-Xm tIƒ°pIbpw Apk-cn°p- I-bpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. R-ßfpsS mYm! RßtfmSv s]mdpt°Wta. n-∂n-te-°m-Ip-∂p (RßfpsS) aS°w.'' (2:285) A√mlp Ab® {]hm-N-I-∑m-cpsS Iq´-Øn¬ t]cpw Ncn- {Xhpw hni-Z-am-°-s∏-´-hcpw A√m-Ø-h-cp-ap-≠v. hni-Zo-I-cWw e`y-a-√m-Ø-h-sc-°p-dn®v samØ-Ønepw hni-Zmw-i-߃ e`y-am- b-h-cpsS t]cpw hnh-c-W-ß-fp-a-S°w AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw thWw. ""n°v apºv mw ]e ZqX∑mscbpw Ab®n´p≠v. A-h-cn- ¬ Nnesc∏‰n mw n°v hnhcn®pX∂n´p≠v. Ahcn¬ Nnesc- ∏-‰n n°v mw hnhcn®pX∂n´n√. bmsXmcp Zq-X-∂pw A√m- lp-hns‚ ApaXntbmSv IqSnb√msX Hcp Zr-jv-Sm-¥w sIm≠p hcm-mhn√. F∂m¬ A√mlphns‚ I-¬-]- h∂m¬ ym-b- {]-Imcw hn[n°s∏Sp∂XmWv. A-k-Xy-hm-ZnIƒ AhnsS jvS- Øn-emhpIbpw sNøpw.'' (40:78) Ah-cn¬ G‰hpw D¬Ir-jvS¿ A©p-t]-cm-Wv. Dep¬ A-kvav (Zr-V-a--kvI¿) F∂mWv Ah¿ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. q-lv , C{_mlnw , aqkm , Cukm , apl-ΩZv F-∂n-h-cm-W- h¿. apl-ΩZv _n A¥y-{]-hm-N-I≥ A√mlp Ab® {]hm-N-I-∑m-cn¬ A¥n-a-mWv apl-Ω-Zv _n . {InkvXm_vZw 571¬ a°-bn¬ Pn® At±lw aZo--bn- emWv A¥y-hn-{iaw sIm≈p-∂Xv. IrXy-amb Ncn-{X-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ Pohn® At±-l-Øns‚ Pohn-Xhpw ktμ-ihpw Ip‰a‰ coXn-bn¬ G‰hpw imkv{Xo-b-ambn C∂pw e`y-am-Wv. C{Xbpw hy‡-amb Ncn-{X-Øns‚ ]n≥_-e-Øn¬ Pohn-°p- Ibpw Pohn-X-Ønse clky kw`-h-߃ hsc C-{X-bpw IrXy- ambn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX as‰mcp ap-jy-sbpw ImWpI km[y-a-√. ImcWw At±lw temIm-h-kmw hsc- bp≈ k¿h-cn-te-°p-ap≈ ssZh-Zq-X-m-Wv. k¿h ap-jy¿°p-
    • 62 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ap≈ [m¿an-I n¿tZ-i-ßfpw k∑m¿K hn-h-c-W-hp-amWv At±- l-Øns‚ Pohn-Xw. At±-lsØ ]n-≥-]‰n Pohn-°-em-Wv tam£- Øns‚ am¿Kw. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p: ""]dbpI: apjytc, Xo¿®bmbpw Rm≥ n-ß-fn-te-s°-√m- ap≈ A√mlphns‚ ZqXmIp∂p.BImißfpsSbpw `qan-bp- sS-bpw B[n]Xyw GsXmcph∂mtWm Ahs‚ (ZqX≥). A-h- -√msX Hcp ssZhhpan√. Ah≥ Pohn-∏n-°p-Ibpw acn-∏n-°p-I- bpw sNøp∂p. AXnm¬ n߃ A-√m-lphnepw Ah-s‚ ZqX- n-epw hnizkn°phn≥. AsX, A-√mlphnepw Ahs‚ hN-- ßfnepw hnizkn°p∂ A-£-cPvRman√mØ B {]hm-NI- n-¬. At±lsØ n-ß-ƒ ]n≥]‰phn≥ n߃ t¿am¿Kw {]m]n°mw.'' (7:158) ""ns∂ mw apjy¿°mIamw kt¥mjhm¿Ø A-dn-bn- °p-hmpw Xm°oXv ¬Iphmpw BbnsIm≠v X-s∂-bm-Wv Ab®n´p≈Xv. ]s£, apjycn¬ A[nIt]cpw A-dn-bp∂n√.'' (34:28) A√mlp Ab® {]hm-N-I-∑m¿s°m-s°bpw Ah-cpsS {]hm- N-I-Xz-Øns‚ kXyX hy‡-am-°p∂ sXfn-hp-Ifpw ¬I-s∏- ´n-´p-≠v. GsXmcp {]hm-N-I-s‚bpw P-X°v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-hm≥ am{Xw i‡hpw hy‡-hp-am-bn-cp∂p B ZrjvSm-¥-ß-sfm-s°- bpw. A¥y-{]-hm-N-I-mb apl-ΩZv _n °pw AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ A-h[n ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. AXn¬ G‰hpw {][m-hpw F°m-e-tØ-°p-ap≈ F√m-h-¿-°pw At±-l-Øns‚ {]hm-N-IXzw Xncn-®-dn-bm-p-ap≈ D-Ø-a ZrjvSm-¥-hp-amWv hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥. B hnip≤ {KŸw kXy-k-‘-ambn ]Thnt[-b-am-°p-∂ B¿°pw AXns‚ ssZhn-I-Xbpw apl-ΩZv _n bp-sS {]hm- N-IXzhpw An-tj-[y-ambn t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. A-√mlp ]d- bp-∂p. ""ΩpsS Zmkv mw AhXcn∏n®psImSpØXns (hn-ip-≤ Izp¿Bs) ]‰n n߃ kwibmep°fmsW¶n¬ A--Xns‚Xv t]m-ep≈ Hcp A[ymbsa¶nepw n߃ sIm-≠p-hcnI. A√mlp-hnv ]pdsa n߃°p≈ k-lm-bn-I-tf-bpw hnfn-®p-
    • 63Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v sIm-≈pI. n߃ kXyhm∑mcmsW¶n¬ (AXmWt√m th- ≠-Xv). n߃°Xv sNøm≥ Ign™n-s√-¶n-¬ n߃°Xv Hcn- °-epw sNøm≥ IgnbpIbpan√. ap-jy-cpw I√pIfpw C‘-- am-bn IØn°s∏Sp∂ cImKvnsb n߃ ImØp-kq£n- ®psIm≈pI. kXyntj[nI-ƒ-°p-th-≠n Hcp-°ns-h°-s∏-´- XmIp∂p AXv.'' (2:23,24) apl-ΩZv _n -tbmsS {]hm-NIirwJ-e Ah-km-n-®p. Cn- sbmcp {]hm-N-I≥ hcn-I-bn-√. ""aplΩZv nßfpsS ]pcpj∑mcn¬ HcmfpsSbpw ]nXmhmbn´n√. ]s£, A-t±-lw A√mlphns‚ ZqXpw {]hmNI∑mcn¬ Ahkm--sØ BfpamIp∂p. A√mlp GXv ImcysØ∏‰nbpw Adn-hp- ≈hmIp∂p.'' (33:40) AXn-m¬ temIm-h-kmw hsc-bp≈ k¿h ap-jypw At±- l-Øn¬ hniz-kn®v At±-l-Øn-eqsS temI-c-£n-Xmhv Ah-X- cn-∏n® am¿K-n¿tZ-i-߃ ]n≥]-‰¬ n¿_-‘-am-Wv. ""C√, ns‚ c£nXmhnsØs∂bmW kXyw; Ah¿-°n- Sbn¬ `n∂Xbp≠mb ImcyØn¬ Ah¿ ns∂ hn[n-I-¿- Ømhm°pIbpw, o hn[nI¬]n®Xns∏‰n ]n∂oShcpsS a pIfn¬ Hcp hnjahpw tXm∂mXncn°pIbpw, AXv ]q¿Wambn kΩXn®v Apkcn°pIbpw sNøp∂Xp hsc Ah¿ hnizmknIfmhpIbn√.'' (4:65) ""A√mlphpw Ahs‚ dkqepw Hcp ImcyØn¬ Xocp-am- saSpØv Ign™m¬ kXyhnizmknbmb Hcp ]pcp-j-∂m-Is´, kv{Xo°mIs´ XßfpsS ImcysØ kw_‘n®v kz-X{¥amb A`n{]mbw D≠mbncn°mhp∂X√. h√hpw A-√mlpshbpw Ahs‚ ZqXsbpw [n°cn°p∂ ]£w A-h≥ hyIvXamb nebn¬ hgn]ng®p t]mbncn°p∂p.'' (33:36) apl-ΩZv _n -bpsS ntbm-K--Ønv tijw At±-l-Øn¬ hniz-kn-°m-Ø-h¿ Ip‰-°m-cm-sW∂pw ssZhnIktμ-i-Ønv tsc ntj-[m-flI kao]w ssIs°m-≠-Xn-m¬ c-Im-h- Im-in-I-fm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂pw Ahn-Sp∂v ap∂-dn-bn∏v ¬In-bn-´p-≠v. _n ]d™p: ""apl-Ω-Zns‚ Bflmhv BcpsS Iøn-emtWm
    • 64 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ah≥ X-s∂-bmW kXyw! Cu kap-Zm-b-Ønse PqX-tm, {InkvXym-ntbm Bcp-am-Is´ Fs∂-°p-dn®v tI´-tijw Rm≥ GsXm-∂p-ambn Ab-°-s∏-´pthm AXn¬ hniz-kn-°msX ac-W- s∏-Sp-∂-]£w Xo¿®-bmbpw Abmƒ c-Im-h-Im-in-I-fn¬ s]´- h-m-bn-cn°pw.'' (apkv-enw). k¿h ∑-bn-te°pw hgn--S-Øp-∂, ]q¿h thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-ƒ kt¥m-j-hm¿Ø-b-dn-bn® B A¥na {]hm-N-Is‚ am-¿Kn¿tZ- i-߃ kzoI-cn®v tam£w ssIh-cn-°p-hm-mWv Izp¿-B≥ n¿tZ- in-°p-∂-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""(AXmbXv) XßfpsS ]°ep≈ XudmØnepw C≥-Po-en- epw tcJs∏SpØs∏´Xmbn Ah¿°v Is≠Øm≥ Ignbp-∂ B A£cPvRman√mØ {]hmNImb ssZhZqXs (ap-l- Ω-Zv-_nsb) ]n≥]‰p∂h¿°v (B ImcpWyw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp- ∂-XmWv.) AhtcmSv At±lw kZmNmcw I¬-]n-°p-Ibpw, Zpcm- Nm-cØn¬ n∂v Ahsc hne°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. √ hkvXp- °-ƒ Ah¿°v AphZobam°pIbpw, NoØ hkvXp°ƒ A-hcpsS ta¬ njn≤am°pIbpw sN-øp-∂p. AhcpsS `mc- ß-fpw AhcpsS taep≠mbncp∂ hne-ßp-Ifpw At±lw Cd- °n-sh°pIbpw sNøp∂p. At∏mƒ A-t±lØn¬ hnizkn- °p-Ibpw At±lsØ ]n¥p-W-°p-I-bpw klmbn°pIbpw At±-ltØmsSm∏w A-h-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´n´p≈ B {]ImisØ ]n≥-]‰pIbpw sNbvXhcmtcm, Ah¿ Xs∂bmWv hnPbnIƒ.'' (7:157) sΩ krjvSn®v ]cn-]m-en-°p∂ A√mlp Ahs‚ kXy-Zq-- X-∑msc Adn-bmpw ]n≥]-‰p-hmpw sΩ Ap-{K-ln-°s´!
    • A¥y-Zn--Øn-ep≈ hnizmkw ap-jy-c-S-°-ap≈ krjvSn-I-sf√mw in-°p∂ Hcp Znw hcm-p-≠v. {kjvSm-h-√m-Ø-h-scm-s°bpw in-°p-∂-Xm- Wv. ""Hcp Imebfhnp tijw CXnse hrØm¥w nß- ƒ-°v a nemhpI Xs∂ sNøpw.'' (38:88) ""AhnsS (`qapJØv)bp≈ F√mhcpw in®v t]mIp- ∂-hcmIp∂p. alXzhpw DZmcXbpw D≈hmb ns‚ c£n-Xmhns‚ apJw Ahtijn°p∂XmWv.'' (55:26-,27) ]n∂oSv Ah-sc-sbms° ]p¿Po-hn-∏n®v Hcp-an®v Iq´p- Ibpw Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cp-sSbpw I¿a-߃°-p-k-cn®v hnNm-c- Wbpw {]Xn-^-ehpw n¿h-ln-°-s∏-Sp∂ oXn-bpsS Hcp thZn hcm-p-s≠∂pw Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p. Ckv-em-anI hnizmk Imcy-ß-fn¬ kp{]-[m--amb H∂m-Wn-Xv. Ahn- sS-bmWv ap-jy-cpsS I¿a-߃ hnNm-cW sNø-s∏-Sp-∂- Xv. ∑°v ∑bpw Xn∑-Iƒ°v in£bpw {]Xn-^-e-ambn ¬I-s∏-Sp∂ IrXy-amb oXn-bpsS temIw. oXn-am-mb ]S® Xºp-cms‚ Af-h‰ Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ 6 A[ymbw
    • 66 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v `mK-amWv B temIw. ∑-˛-Xn-∑-Iƒ°v IrXy-amb {]Xn-^-ew ¬Ip-hmtm IW-°m-°p-hmtm t]mepw Cu `uXnI temIw ]e-t∏mgpw ]cym-]vX-a-√. qdp-t]sc sIm∂-bmƒ°pw Hcmsf sIm∂-bmƒ°pw Hcn-°¬am{Xw h[-in£ hn[n-°p-hmt Cu temIØv km[n-°p-I-bp-≈q. sIm√-s∏-´-h-cpsS thZ--Itfm hnIm-c-ßtfm AXns‚ ]cn-Wn-Xn-Itfm H∂pw `uXnI tImS- Xn-Iƒs°m∂pw IrXy-ambn Xn´-s∏-Sp-Øm-m-hn-√. Hcp-]-s£, sIm√-s∏-´-h-cn¬ ]ecpw ]e IpSpw-_-ß-fp-sSbpw AØm-Wn- bm-bn-cn-°mw. Ah¿ sIme-sN-ø-s∏-´-Xn-eqsS IÆo-cn-emgv∂ F{Xtbm Bfp-I-fp-≠mhpw! AXp-t]m-se-bm-bn-cn-°ptam {Iqcpw A{I-an-bp-amb B sIme-]m-X-In-bpsS h[-Øn-eqsS kw`-hn-°p- ∂Xv? A√. Hcn-°-ep-a-√. A{]-Im-cw-Xs∂ qdp-I-W-°nv Bfp-Iƒ°v B{i-bhpw klm-b-hp-ambn ne-sIm≠v a‰p-≈-h-cpsS IjvS-X-Ifpw {]bm- k-ßfpw C√m-Xm-°m≥ Bflm¿Y-ambn ]cn-{i-an-°p∂ Hcp henb apjy kvtln, Xs‚ njvIma tkh--Øn-n-S-bn-¬ ac-W-s∏-´p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Abmƒ°v IrXy-amb {]Xn-^ew -¬Im≥ `uXnItemIsØ GXv tImS-Xn°pw oXn-am-p-amWv km[n- °pI? F∂n-cns° nc-]-cm-[n-Iƒ in£n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw A]- cm-[n-Iƒ c£-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Cu `u-XnI temIØv oXn- °mbn Hcp thgm-º-en-s-t]mse Zmln-°p∂ F{Xtbm Bfp- I-fp-≠v. Ah¿s°m-s°bpw {]Xo-£-bpsS Inc-W-߃ sNmcn- bp∂ IrXy-amb oXn-bpsS tem-I-amWv Ckvemw ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp- Øp∂ ]c-tem-Iw. Ahn-SpsØ hnP-b-amWv A¥n-ahpw imiz- X-hp-amb hnP-bw. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""GsXmcp tZlhpw acWw Bkz- Zn°p∂XmWv. nßfpsS {]Xn^e߃ Dbn-¿-sØ-gp-t∂-¬-]ns‚ mfn¬ am{Xta n߃°v ]q¿Wambn ¬I-s∏-Sp-Ibp≈q. At∏mƒ B¿ cIØn¬ n∂v AI‰nn-¿-Ø-s∏-SpIbpw kz¿KØn¬ {]thin∏n°s∏SpIbpw sN-øp-∂p-thm AhmWv hnPbw tSp∂Xv.'' (3:185) B Znh-k-Øns‚ ]q¿Wm-[n-Imcw oXn-am-mb A√m-lp- hnv am{X-am-bn-cn-°pw. Ahs‚ hn[n-bntem Xocp-am--ß-fntem
    • 67Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v CS-s]-Sp-hm≥ Hcmƒ°pw km[n-°p-∂-X-√. ""{]-Xn-^-e ZnhkØns‚ DSaÿ≥.'' (1:4) `uXnI temIØv F{X-Xs∂ D‰-hcpw DS-b-h-cp-am-bn-cp-∂- h¿ t]mepw n -lm-b-cmbn tm°n n¬°p-I-b-√msX bmsXmcp ne-°p-ap-]-I-cn-°mØ temI-as{X AXv. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""Hcmƒ°pw as‰mcmƒ°v th≠n Hcp D]Imchpw sNøm≥ ]‰mØ Hcp ZnhksØ n߃ kq£n°pI. (A-∂v) Hcmfn¬ n∂pw Hcp ip]m¿ibpw kzoIcn°-s∏Sp-I-bn-√. Hcmfn¬n∂pw Hcp {]mb›nØhpw taSn°s∏SpIbpan√. Ah¿°v Hcp klmbhpw e`n°pIbpan√.'' (2:48) ""Hcmƒ°pw as‰mcmƒ°pth≠n Hcp D]Imchpw sN-øp-hm- ≥ ]‰mØ, Hcmfn¬ n∂pw Hcp {]mb›nØhpw kzo- Icn°s∏SmØ, Hcmƒ°pw Hcp ip]m¿ibpw {]tbmP- s∏SmØ, B¿°pw Hcp klmbhpw e`n°mØ Hcp Zn-h- ksØ (ymbhn[nbpsS ZnhksØ) n߃ kq-£n-°p-I-bpw sNøpI.'' (2:123) ""apjytc, n߃ nßfpsS c£nXmhns kq-£n-°p-I. Hcp ]nXmhpw Xs‚ k¥mØnv {]tbmPw sNømØ, Hcp k¥Xnbpw ]nXmhnv H´pw {]tbmPImcnbmhmØ Hcp ZnhksØ n߃ `bs∏SpIbpw sNøpI. Xo¿®bmbpw A√m- lp-hns‚ hmKvZmw kXyamIp∂p. AXnm¬ sFlnIPohnXw nßsf h©n®p IfbmXncn°s´. ]cah©Imb ]n-im-Npw A√mlphns‚ ImcyØn¬ nßsf h©n®p If-bm-Xncn°s´.'' (31:33) AhnsS Xcn-ºpw Ao-Xn-bp-≠m-hn√. ""n߃ A√mlp-hn- ¶te°v aS°s∏Sp∂ Hcp ZnhksØ kq£n®p-sIm-≈p-I. F∂n´v HmtcmcpØ¿°pw Ahch¿ {]h¿Øn®Xns‚ ^-ew ]q¿Wambn ¬Is∏Sp∂XmWv. AhtcmSv (H´pw) A-o-Xn ImWn°s∏SpIbn√.'' (2:281) hnhn[ t]cp-Iƒ
    • 68 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v B Znh-k-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ ]e kwK-Xn-I-sfbpw Hm-¿-a- s∏-Sp-Øp∂ hnhn[ t]cp-I-fn-eqsS Izp¿-B≥ B Znh-k-sØ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. 1. A¥y-k-abw (A- mA:) ""Xo¿®bmbpw A¥ykabw hcpI Xs∂ sNøpw. A-Xn-m¬ o `wKnbmbn am∏v sNbvXv sImSp°pI.'' (15:85) 2. `b-¶c kw`hw (A¬ Jmcn-A) a- n¬ `oXn Db¿Øp∂ `b-¶c kw`-h-߃ A∂v -S-°p- sa∂ kqN--bmWv Cu t]cn-ep-≈-Xv. ""`b¶camb B kw`hw. `b¶camb kw`hw F∂m¬ F¥mIp∂p? `b¶-c-amb kw`hsa∂m¬ F¥msW∂v n°dnbptam? a-p-jy-∑m¿ Nn∂n®nXdnb ]m‰sbt∏mse BIp∂ Znhkw! ]¿hX߃ IS™ B´n≥ tcmaw t]msebpw...'' (101:1-˛5) 3. Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]ns‚ Znhkw (bu-ap¬ _A-vYv) F√m-hcpw ]p¿Po-hn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ Znh-k-am-b-Xp-sIm-≠mWv C{]-Imcw ]d-b-s∏-´-Xv. ""apjytc, Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns ]‰n n߃ kw-i- bØnemsW¶n¬ (BtemNn®v tm°pI:) Xo¿®bmbpw mamWv nßsf aÆn¬ n∂pw,]n∂oSv _oPØn¬ n∂pw, ]n∂oSv {`qWØn¬ n∂pw, A¥cw cq]w ¬Is∏´Xpw cq]w ¬Is∏SmØXpamb amwk-]n-fi-Øn¬ n∂pw krjvSn®Xv.'' (22:5) 4. Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]ns‚ Znhkw (bu-ap¬ Jnbm-a) ""A√mlp˛Ah√msX bmsXmcp ssZhhpan√. Dbn¿- sØgpt∂¬]ns‚ ZnhktØ°v Ah≥ nßsfsb√mw H-cp- an®pIq´pI Xs∂ sNøpw. AXn¬ kwibta C√. A√m-lp- sh-°mƒ kXyk‘ambn hnhcw ¬Ip∂h≥ Bcp-≠v?'' (4:87) ""Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns‚ mfn¬ kztZlßfpw X-ß-fpsS kz¥°mcpw jvSs∏´hcmtcm, Ah¿ Xs∂bmIp∂p Xo¿®bmbpw jvS°m¿.'' (42:45) 5. ]pd-s∏-S-ens‚ Znhkw (bu-ap¬ Jpdq-Pv)
    • 69Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v J_-dp-I-fn¬n∂v ]pd-Øp-h-cp∂ Znhkw F∂ A¿Y-Øn¬. ""AXmbXv B tLmci_vZw bYm¿Yambpw Ah¿ tIƒ- °p-∂ Znhkw. AXs{X (J_vdpIfn¬ n∂p≈) ]pd∏mSn-s‚ Znhkw.'' (50:42) ""AXmbXv Ah¿ Hcp m´°pdnbpsS tsc [rXns∏´v t]mIp∂Xv t]mse J_vdpIfn¬ n∂v ]pds∏´p t]mIp∂ Znhkw.'' (70:43) 6. Xo¿∏v I¬]n-°-ens‚ Znhkw (buap¬ ^kzv¬) F√m-h-scbpw Hcp-an®v Iq´n Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ X¿°-߃ Xo¿Øv hn[n ]d-bp∂ Znh-k-am-W-Xv. ""Ah¿ `n∂X ]p-e-¿- Ønbncp∂ hnjbßfn¬ ns‚ c£nXmhv Xs∂ Dbn-¿ s-Ø- gpt∂¬]ns‚ mfn¬ Ah¿°nSbn¬ Xo¿∏pI¬]n°p-∂-XmWv; Xo¿®.'' (32:25) 7. {]Xn-^e Znhkw (bu-ap-±o≥) ∑-˛-Xn-∑-Iƒ°v IrXy-amb {]Xn-^ew ¬I-s∏-Sp∂ Zn-h- k-am-Wv. ""Ah¿ ]dbpw: Atlm! R߃°v IjvSw! CXv {]Xn-^- eØns‚ ZnamWt√m!'' (37:20) ""{]Xn^e ZnhkØns‚ DSaÿ≥.'' (1:4) 8. A¥y-Znw (bu-ap¬ BJn¿) AYhm A¥y-`-hw (Zm- dp¬ BJn-d) Ah-km--ambn ap-jy¿ FØn-t®-cp-∂-bn-S-sa∂ A¿Y-am- WnXv Ipdn-°p-∂-Xv. ""`qanbn¬ Hu∂Xytam Ipg∏tam B{Kln°mØh¿-°m-Ip- ∂p B ]mc{XnI `hw mw G¿s]SpØnsImSp°p∂Xv. A¥y^ew kq£vaX ]men°p∂h¿°v ApIqeambn-cn- °pw.''28:83) ""Cu sFlnIPohnXw hntmZhpw Ifnbpa√msX a-s‰m- ∂pa√. Xo¿®bmbpw ]ctemIw Xs∂bmWv bYm¿Y Pohn-Xw. Ah¿ a nem°nbncps∂¶n¬!'' (29:64)
    • 70 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Cßs B Znh-k-Øns‚ `oI-c-Xbpw `bm--I-X-Ifpw hnhn- [-ß-fmb Ah-ÿ-Ifpw hy‡-am-°p∂ thsdbpw ]e t]-cp-I- fn-eqsS B Znh-ksØ Izp¿-B≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Ahn- izmknIƒ°v A∂p-≠m-Ip∂ sImSpw tJZw, k-Xy-hn-izm-khpw k∑m¿Khpw kzoI-cn-°m-Ø-Øn-eqsS h-∂p-tN¿∂ jvSw F∂nh shfn-s∏-Sp∂ Znhkw F∂n-ß-sf-bp≈ hnh-c-W-߃ AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ NneXv am{X-am-Wv. `bm--I-X-Iƒ, `oI-c-X-Iƒ temIamk-Iew H∂n®v _m[n-°p∂ hen-sbmcp hn]-Øm- bn-cn°pw A¥ykabw AYhm temIm-h-km-w. A∂v kw`-hn- °m-n-cn-°p∂ ]e `bm-I kw`-h-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øn-bn-´p-≠v. s]mSp-∂-s-bp≈ Hcp Zpc-¥-am-bn-cn°pw AXv. HmSn c£-s∏-Sm≥ km[n-°mØ hn[w F-√m-h-scbpw AXv _m[n-°pw. ""ImlfØn¬ DuXs∏Spw. At∏mƒ BImißfnep-≈-h- cpw `qanbnep≈hcpw Nea‰hcmbnØocpw; A√mlp Dt±in®hscmgnsI. ]n∂oSv AXn¬ (ImlfØn¬) a-s‰m-cn-°- ¬ DuXs∏Spw. At∏mgXm Ah¿ Fgpt∂‰v tm°p∂p.'' (39:68) ""Hscm‰ tLmci_vZw am{XamWv Ah¿ ImØncn-°p∂Xv. A-h¿ Atymyw X¿°n®v sIm≠ncns° AXhsc ]n-Sn-IqSpw. At∏mƒ bmsXmcp hkznøØpw ¬Im≥ Ah¿°v km- [n°pIbn√. Ah¿°v AhcpsS IpSpw_Ønte°v a-S-ßm-pw BIpIbn√.'' (36:49-˛50) arK-߃°v sh≈w sImSp-°m-sm-cp-ßp∂ Bƒ AXv ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-∂-Xnv aptº t_m[-a‰v hogp-sa∂pw hkv{Xw hn¬°p-∂-bmƒ hmßp-∂-bmƒ AXv nh¿Øn-°m-Wn-°p-∂-Xn- n-S°v AXv kw`-hn-°p-sa-∂p-sams° _n {]kvXm-hn® lZo- Yp-Iƒ ImWmw. ape-bq-´p∂ amXm-°-fpsS `b-hn-lz-e-X-Ifpw K¿`n- Wn-Iƒ Ah-c-dn-bmsX {]k-hn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xp-sams° Izp¿-B≥ Hm¿a-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠v. ""Xo¿®bmbpw B A¥ykabsØ {]Iºw `b-¶-c-am-b Hcp Imcyw Xs∂bmIp∂p. n߃ AXv ImWp∂ Znhkw
    • 71Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v GsXmcp apesImSp°p∂ amXmhpw Xm≥ ape-bq-´p∂ Ip™ns∏‰n A{i≤bnembnt∏mIpw. K¿`hXnbmb GsXmcp kv{Xobpw Xs‚ K¿`Ønep≈Xv {]khn®p t]m-Ip-Ibpw sNøpw.'' (22:1,2) `qan AXn-i-‡-ambn {]I-ºw sIm≈pw. £-{X-߃ D- Xn¿∂p-ho-gpw. kqcypw N{μpw Iq´n-ap-´pw. kap-{Z-߃ Ic-I- hn-s™m-gp-Ipw. ap-jy¿ Poh-‰ Cubmw-]m-‰-I-sf-t]m-se-bm- Ipw. F¥p-am{Xw `bm--I-am-bn-cn°pw B cwKw! sNdn-sbmcp `qI-ºtam kpm-antbm _m[n-°p-tºm-tg°v B {]tZ-isØ `oI-cX man∂v ImWp-∂p. F∂m¬ k¿h-Xn-s‚bpw miw Ipdn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ B almkw`hw B¿°mWv AXn-P-bn°m≥ km[n-°pI? A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""F∂m¬ n߃ Ahnizkn°pIbmsW¶n¬, Ip´nIsf c®hcm°nØo¿°p∂ Hcp ZnhksØ n߃°v Fß-s kq£n°mmhpw? AXp nanØw BImiw s]m´n-∏n-f-cp- ∂XmWv. A√mlphns‚ hmKvZmw {]mh¿-ØnIam°-s∏-Sp- ∂XmIp∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw CsXmcp D¬t_m[amIp∂p. A- Xnm¬ h√hpw Dt±in°p∂ ]£w Ah≥ Xs‚ c-£n- Xmhn¶te°v Hcp am¿Kw kzoIcn®p sIm≈s´.'' (73-:17-˛19) D‰-h-scbpw DS-b-h-scbpw Dt]-£n®v Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw A∂v st´m-´-Øn-em-bn-cn-°pw. ""F∂m¬ sNInSS∏n°p∂ B i-_vZw h-∂m¬. AXmbXv apjy≥ Xs‚ ktlmZcs hn´v Hm-Sn-t∏m- Ip-∂ Znhkw. Xs‚ amXmhnsbpw ]nXmhnsbpw. Xs‚ `mcy- sb-bpw a°sfbpw. Ahcn¬s∏´ Hmtcm ap-jy-pw Xn°v a- Xn-bmhp∂{X (Nn¥m)hnjbw A∂v D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.'' (80:33-˛37) B Znh-ksØ kw`-h-ß-sf-°p-dn®v Izp¿-B≥ ho≠pw Hm- ¿an-∏n-°p-∂p. ""BImiw s]m´n ]nfcptºmƒ.£{X߃ sImgn™p hogptºmƒ. kap{Z߃ s]m´n HgpIptºmƒ. J_vdpIƒ C- f°nadn°s∏Sptºmƒ Hmtcm hyIvXnbpw Xm≥ ap≥Iq´n sNbvXp sh®Xpw ]nt∂m´v am‰nsh®Xpw F¥msW∂v Adn-bp∂XmWv.''
    • 72 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v (82:1˛5) Izp¿-B-ns‚ Ah-km `mKsØ sNdnb A[ym-b-ß-fn¬ apJy-ambn CØcw kwK-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ hyXykvX hnh-c- W-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]pw hnNm-c-Wbpw k¿hXpw in®v AtXmsS F√mw Xo¿∂p F∂√ Izp¿- B≥ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. AtXmsS icn-bmb imizX Pohn-X-Øn- s‚ XpS°w Ipdn-°p-I-bm-Wv. acn®v InS-∂-h¿ F√m-hcpw A√m- lp-hns‚ DØ-c-h--pk-cn®v Poh-tmsS Fgp-t∂-‰p hcp-∂-Xm- Wv. ""ImlfØn¬ DuXs∏Spw. At∏mƒ Ah¿ J_vdpIfn¬ n∂v AhcpsS c£nXmhn¶te°v IpXn®v sN√pw. Ah¿ ]-d- bpw: ΩpsS mita! ΩpsS Dd°Øn¬ n∂v sΩ Fgp- t∂-¬]n®XmcmWv? CXv ]caImcpWnI≥ hmKvZmw sNbv-X- XmWt√m. ssZhZqX∑m¿ kXyw Xs∂bmWv ]-d-™-Xv. AXv Hscm‰ tLmci_vZw am{Xambncn°pw. At∏m-gXm Ah¿ H∂S¶w ΩpsS ASp°¬ lmPcm°s∏Sp∂p.'' (36:51-˛53) ""ZrjvSnIƒ Xmgv∂p t]mbhcmb nebn¬ J_vdpIfn¬ n∂v (mep]mSpw) ]c∂ sh´pInfnIsft∂mWw Ah¿ ]pds∏´v hcpw. hnfn°p∂hs‚ ASptØ°v Ah¿ [rXns∏´v sN√p∂hcmbncn°pw. kXyntj[nIƒ (A∂v)]dbpw: C- sXmcp {]bmkIcamb ZnhkamIp∂p.'' (54:7˛8) ""AXmbXv Ah¿ Hcp m´°pdnbpsS tsc [rXns∏´v t]mIp∂Xv t]mse J_vdpIfn¬ n∂v ]pds∏´p t]mIp∂ Znhkw. AhcpsS IÆpIƒ Iogvt]m´v XmWncn°pw. A]-amw Ahsc BhcWw sNbvXncn°pw. AXmWv Ah¿°v Xm°oXv ¬Is∏´ncp∂ Znhkw.'' (70:43-˛44) k¿h ap-jycpw Hcp-an-®p-Iq-Sp∂ B Znhkw oXn-am-mb A√mlp krjvSn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ oXn-]q¿h--Iambn Xo¿]v I¬]n- °pw. ssZhnI n¿tZ--i-߃ ]men®v μn-bp-≈-h-cmbn Pohn® Ahs‚ Zmk-∑m¿°v Af-h‰ {]Xn-^-e-ßfpw B-μ-Øns‚bpw BÀm-Z-Øn-s‚bpw Ap-Kr-loX temI-amb kz¿Khpw [n°m-
    • 73Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v cn°pw Ahn-izm-kn-I-fp-amb μn-sI´ ap-jy¿°v ITn--amb in£bpw c-Ihpw {]Xn-^-e-ambn ¬Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. F{X henb [n°m-cnbpw A∂v ]©-]p-O-a-S°n hnNm-c-Wsb tcn-Sp∂ cwKw Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øp-∂Xv ImWp-I. ""`qan Cu `qanb√mØ as‰m∂mbpw, AXv t]mse B-Im- ißfpw am‰s∏SpIbpw GIpw k¿hm[nImcnbpamb A√mlphn¶te°v Ahsc√mw ]pds∏´v hcpIbpw sNøp∂ Znhkw. B Znhkw Ip‰hmfnIsf NßeIfn¬ Atymyw tN¿Øv _‘n°s∏´Xmbn´v n°v ImWmw. AhcpsS Ip-∏m- b߃ IdpØ Ioev (Sm¿) sIm≠p≈Xmbncn°pw. Ahcp-sS apJßsf Xo s]mXnbp∂XpamWv. Hmtcm hyIvXn°pw Xm-≥ kºmZn®p≠m°nbXnp≈ {]Xn^ew A√mlp ¬-Iphm≥ th≠nbs{X AXv.'' (14:48-˛52) ""Ah¿ shfn°p hcp∂ Znhkas{X AXv. Ahsc kw_- ‘n-®v bmsXmcp Imcyhpw A√mlphn∂v tKm]yambn-cn°p-I- bn-√. Cu Znhkw B¿°mWv cmPm[nImcw? GIpw k-¿-hm- [n]Xnbpamb A√mlphnv. Cu Znhkw Hmtcm hy-IvXn-°pw Xm≥ kºmZn®Xnp≈ {]Xn^ew ¬-I-s∏-Spw.'' (40:16-˛17) kpIr-X-hm-∑m¿°pw Ip‰-hm-fn-Iƒ°pw AhnsS tcn-Sm-n-cn- °p∂ Ah-ÿm-hn-ti-j-ß-sf-°p-dn®v Izp¿-B≥ ]e-bn-S-ß-fn- embn hni-Z-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. ""Xo¿®bmbpw kz¿KhmknIƒ A∂v Hmtcm tPm-en-bn-em- bns°m≠v kpJap`hn°p∂hcmbncn°pw. Ahcpw A-hcpsS CWIfpw XWepIfn¬ AewIrXamb I´nepIfn¬ Nmcnbncn°p∂hcmbncn°pw. Ah¿°hnsS ]gh¿Kßfp≠v, Ah¿°v X߃ Bhiys∏Sp∂X√map≠v. kam[mw! A-Xm- bncn°pw IcpWmn[nbmb c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v A-h¿°p≈ A`nhmZyw.'' (36:55˛58) ]c-temIw bmYm¿Yy-tam? ac-W-tijw Cß-s-sbmcp hnNm-c-Whpw {]Xn-^-e-hp-sam- s°-bp≈ oXn-bpsS temIw D≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ √-Xp-Xs∂ F∂v B{K-ln-°p-∂-h-cmWv ap-jy-cn¬ A[n-I-t]-cpw. oXnbpw
    • 74 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ∑bpw B{K-ln-°p∂ a- n-s‚ tX´-am-W-Xv. ]s£, Aß- s-sbm-∂n√t√m F∂v ncm-i-tbmsS ntj-[n-°p-∂-h-cmWv ap-jy-cn¬ Nne¿. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ A-ß-s-sbmcp ]mc- {XnItemI-apt≠m? AXv ImWp-Ibpw Ap-`-hn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX Bsc-¶n-ep-apt≠m? Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]pw hnNm-c-Wbpw c- Ihpw kz¿Khp-sams° bmYm-¿Yy-amtWm? acn®v aÆpw Aÿn- i-I-e-ß-fp-ambn Xo¿∂ a-p-jy≥ Fßs ho≠pw Pohn°pw? F∂n-XymZn nc-h[n kwi-b-ßfpw Bi-b-°p-g-∏-ßfpw ]e- scbpw Ae-´m-dp-≠v. hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ ]c-tem-I-Øns‚ kw`-hy-Xbpw kXy-Xbpw hnhn[ cq]-Øn¬ Xd-∏n-®p-]-d-bp-Ibpw hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp- ∂p-≠v. Ah a- n-cpØn hmbn®v ]T--hn-t[-b-am-°p∂ B¿°pw ]c-temIw kXy-amWv, anYy-b√ F∂v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""apjy≥ I≠nt√; Ahs mw Hcp _oPIWØn¬ n- ∂m-Wv krjvSn®ncn°p∂sX∂v? F∂n´v AhXm Hcp {]Xy- £-am-b FXn¿∏pImcmbncn°p∂p. Ah≥ ap°v Hcp D]a FSp-Øp-ImWn°pIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. Xs∂ krjvSn®Xv Ah≥ ad-∂pIfbpIbpw sNbvXp. Ah≥ ]d™p: F√pIƒ {Zhn®v t]m-bncns° BcmWv Ahbv°v Poh≥ ¬Ip∂Xv? ]dbpI: BZy-XhW Ahsb D-≠m-°n-bhmtcm Ah≥ Xs∂ Ahbv°v Po-h≥ -¬-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. Ah≥ F√mXcw krjvSn∏ns∏‰nbpw Adn-hp≈-h--s{X. ]®acØn¬ n∂v n߃°v Xo D≠m°n-Ø-∂-hs{X Ah≥ Aßs nßfXm AXn¬ n∂v IØn-s®--Sp°p∂p. BImißfpw `qanbpw krjvSn®h≥ Ah-sc-t∏m-ep≈hsc krjvSn°m≥ Ignhp≈ht√? AsX, A-hs{X k-¿-Δhpw krjvSn°p∂hpw F√mw Adn-bp-∂-h-pw. Xm≥ Hcp Imcyw Dt±in®m¬ AXntmSv D≠mIq F∂v ]-dbpI am{X-am-Ip-∂p Ahs‚ Imcyw. At∏mgXm AXp-≠mIp∂p. apgph≥ Im-cy-ß- fpsSbpw B[n]Xyw BcpsS IønemtWm, n߃ aS-°- s∏Sp∂Xv BcpsS ASp-tØ-°m-tWm Ah≥ F{X ]-cn-ip-≤≥!'' (36:77-˛83)
    • 75Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""apjy≥ hnNmcn°p∂pt≠m; mw Ahs‚ F√pIsf H- cpan®pIq´pIbns√∂v? AsX, mw Ahs‚ hnc¬-Øp-ºp-Isf t]mepw icns∏SpØm≥ Ignhp≈hmbncns°.'' (75:3˛4) Ip‰-a‰ icoc LS--tbm-Sp-IqSn ap-jys krjvSn® A-√m- lp, ap-jyv th≠-sX√mw ChnsS kwhn-[m-n® ]-c-a-Im-cp- Wn-I≥, apjyPohn-X-Ønv bmsXmcp A¿Yhpw e-£y-hpw I¬]n-®n-´n√m F∂ nK-aw F¥p-am{Xw t`mj-Ø--c-a√! Aß- s-h-cp-tºmƒ Cu Pohn-X-Øn-s¥v {]-k-‡n? ∑°pw kZm- Nm-c-Ønpw F¥v hne? kpIrXw sNbv-X-hcpw A]-cm-[n-Ifpw Xpey-cm-sWt∂m? GXv bp‡nbpw oXn-bp-amWv CXns ymbo- I-cn-°pI? ∑°v ∑bpw Xn-∑°v in£bpw In´-W-sa-∂-Xs√ oXnbpw ax-km-£nbpw Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. {kjvSm-hmb A√m- lphpw kXy-k-‘-cmb {]hm-N-I-∑mcpw ap-jy-_p-≤nbpw a- xkm-£nbpw km-£y-s∏-Sp-Ønb Cu hkvXp-Xsb ntj-[n-°m≥ hmkvX-h-Øn¬ F¥mWv ymb-ap-≈Xv? A√mlp tNmZn-°p-∂p: ""At∏mƒ mw nßsf hrYm krjvSn- ®-XmsW∂pw, -ΩpsS ASp°te°v n߃ aS°-s∏-SpI- bns√∂pw n߃ IW-°m-°n-bncn°pIbmtWm? F∂m¬ bYm- --¿-Y cmPmhmb A-√m-lp D∂Xmbncn°p∂p. Ah√msX bmsXmcp ssZ-h-hp-an-√. alØmb knwlmkØns‚ mYs{X A-h-≥.-''(23:115-˛116) AXn-p≈ adp-]-Snbpw Nn¥m-ti-jn-bp≈ ap-jy-tcm-Sm-bn Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp-∂p. ""apjy≥ hnNmcn°p∂pthm; Ah≥ shdpsX hn-t´- °s∏Spsa∂v! Ah≥ {khn°s∏Sp∂ ip¢Øn¬ n∂p≈ Hcp IWambncp∂nt√? ]ns∂ Ah≥ Hcp {`qWambn. F∂n´v A√mlp (Ahs) krjvSn®p kwhn[mn®p. Aßs A-Xn¬ n∂v BWpw s]ÆpamIp∂ c≠p CWIsf Ah≥ D-≠m°n. Aßsbp≈h≥ acn®hsc Pohn∏n°m≥ I-gn-hp-≈hs√?'' (75:36-˛40) G‰hpw kXy-k-‘-cm-b-h-cpsS km£ysØ ncm-I-cn-°m-≥ am{X-ap≈ GXv km£y-amWv ntj-[n-Iƒ°p-≈Xv?
    • 76 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""A√mlp˛ Ah√msX bmsXmcp ssZhhpan√. Dbn¿-sØ- gpt∂¬]ns‚ ZnhktØ°v Ah≥ nßsfsb√mw H-cp- an®pIq´pI Xs∂ sNøpw. AXn¬ kwibta C√.'' (4:87) ""tNmZn°pI: BImißfnepw `qanbnepap≈sX√mw B-cp- sSXmIp∂p? ]dbpI: A√mlphns‚Xs{X. Ah≥ Imcp-Wy- sØ kz¥w t]cn¬ (_m[yXbmbn) tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂p. Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns‚ mfnte°v nßsf A-h≥ Hcpan®pIq´pI Xs∂ sNøpw. AXn¬ bmsXmcp kw-ibhpan√. F∂m¬ kztZlßsfØs∂ jvSØn-em-°n-bhcs{X Ah¿. AXnm¬ Ah¿ hnizkn°pIbn√.'' (6:12) ntj-[-Øns‚ ]n∂nse [n°m-chpw Ao-Xnbpw Izp¿-B-≥ Hm¿an-∏n-°p-∂p. ""BImißfpw `qanbpw krjvSn® A√mlp Chsct∏m-se- bp≈hscbpw krjvSn°m≥ iIvXmWv F∂v Ch¿ a--  nem°nbn´nt√? Ch¿°v Ah≥ Hcp Ah[n n›bn-®n-´p≠v. AXn¬ kwibta C√. F∂m¬ μ-ntISv ImWn-°m-√msX Cu A{IanIƒ°v a v h∂n√.''(17:99) ]c-tem-I-Øns‚ kw`-hy-X-bn¬ ktμ-ln-°p-∂-h-tcmSv Izp-¿- B≥ kXy-k-‘-ambn Nn¥n-°p-hm-mWv Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂Xv; Xß- fpsS Ah-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®pw Np‰p-]m-Sp-ap≈ {]-IrXn bmYm¿Yy- ß-sf-°p-dn®pw. F∂n´v ntj-[-sa∂ A-‘-hn-izmkw Isøm-gn- °m-p-amWv Ckvemw Blzmw sN-øp-∂-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p. ""apjytc, Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns ]‰n n߃ kwib- Øn-emsW¶n¬ (BtemNn®v tm°pI) Xo¿®bm-bpw mamWv nß-sf aÆn¬ n∂pw, ]n∂oSv _oPØn¬ n-∂pw, ]n∂oSv {`qW-Øn¬ n∂pw, A¥cw cq]w ¬I-s∏-´Xpw cq]w ¬I- s∏Sm-ØXpamb amwk]nfiØn¬ n∂pw krjvSn®Xv. mw n߃°v Imcy߃ hniZ-am-°n-Øcm≥ th≠n (]dbpI-bm- Ip∂p) mw Dt±in°p∂Xns n-›nXamb Hcp Ah[nhsc mw K¿`mibßfn¬ Xmakn∏n°p∂p. ]n∂oSv nßsf mw inip-°fmbn ]pdØv sIm≠p hcp∂p. A¥cw n߃ nß- fp-sS ]q¿W iIvXn {]m]n°p∂Xp hsc (mw nßsf hf¿-
    • 77Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Øp-∂p) (tcsØ) PohnXw Ahkmn∏n°s∏Sp∂hcpw nß- fp-sS Iq-´-Øn-ep≠v. Adnhp≠mbncp∂Xnv tijw bmsXm∂pw Adn-bm--Xm-Ipw hn[w G‰hpw Ahiamb {]mbØnte°v aS°- s∏-Sp-∂hcpw nßfpsS Iq´Ønep≠v. `qan hc≠p n¿-Po-hambn InS°p∂Xmbn n°v ImWmw. F∂n´v AXn≥ta¬ mw sh≈w sNmcn™m¬ AXv CfIpIbpw hnIkn-°p-I-bpw, IuXp-Iap≈ F√mXcw sNSnItfbpw AXv apf∏n-°p-I-bpw sNøp∂p. AsX¥psIms≠∂m¬ A√mlp Xs∂-bmWv kXy- ambp≈h≥. Ah≥ acn®hsc Pohn∏n°pw. A-h≥ GXv Imcy- Ønpw Ignhp≈hmWv. A¥ykabw hcnI Xs∂sNøpw. AXn¬ bmsXmcp kwibhpan√. J_v-dp-Ifn-ep≈hsc A√mlp Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]n°pIbpw sN-øpw.'' (22:5˛7) ]c-tem-I-t_m[w ap-jys ∑-bn-eqsS bn-°m≥ X° tijn-bp-≈-Xm-Wv. Xn∑-I-fn¬ n∂v ]c-am-h[n hn´vn∂v ∑- Iƒ°mbn ]c-kv]cw a’-cn®p apt∂-dm-p≈ i‡-amb Hcp Nm-eI i‡n-bmbn AXv a- n¬ ne-sIm-≈p-sa-∂-Xn¬ kwi- b-an-√. ]c-temI hnP-b-Øn-mbn Bflm¿Y-X-tbmsS {]h¿Yn- °mpw Ccp-tem-IØpw hnP-bw-h-cn-°mpw k¿Δ-i-‡≥ sΩ Ap-{K-ln-°s´!. Bao≥.
    • hn[nhnizmkw Ckvem-anI hnizmkImcy-ß-fn¬ Bdm-a-tØ-Xmbn _n ]Tn-∏n-®-XmWv hn[n-bn-ep≈ hnizmkw. AYhm ∑bpw Xn∑bpsa√mw A√m-lp-hns‚ n›-b-a-p-k-cn--®m- Wp-≠m-hp-∂Xv F∂ hnizmkw. A¬ JZmAv h¬ JZv¿ (hn-[nbpw n¿W-b-hpw) F∂mWv kmt¶-Xn-I-ambn CXv Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. AXm-bXv temI-Øp≈ sNdpXpw hepamb F¥v kwK-Xnbpw A√m-lp-hns‚ Adnhpw n¿W- b-hp-a-p-k-cn®v am{X-am-Wv S-°p-∂-Xv. {]am-W-ßsf hn´v kz¥w _p≤nbpw bp‡nbpw ASn- ÿm--am-°nb ]ecpw h-y-Xn-N-en-®p-t]m-bXpw Gsd hnhm- Z߃ krjvSn-®-Xp-amWv hn[nhnizmkw F∂ hn-j-bw. Izp¿Bpw kp-∂Øpw Bh¿Øn®p ]d-™Xpw k®-cn- X-cmb ]q¿hn-I¿ n-cm-t£]w AwKoIcn®pt]m∂-Xp-amb kwK-Xn-bm-bn´p IqSn {]am-W-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ h- kvXpnjvT-ambn Imcy-߃ {K-ln-°m≥ Xøm-d-√m-Xn-cp∂ Nne¿ Bi-b-°p-g-∏-߃ krjvSn-°p-Ibpw hnI-e-amb hymJym--߃ ¬In {]am-Wßsf hf-s®m-Sn-°m≥ {ian- °p-Ibpw sNbv-Xn-´p≠v Cu hnj-b-Øn¬ F∂ hkvXpX Bap-J-am-bn Xs∂ mw Adn-™n-cn-t°-≠XmWv. AXn-m¬ C{μo-bm-Xo-X-ß-fmb hnizm-k-Im-cy-ß-fn¬ 7 A[ymbw
    • 79Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v s]mXp-hnepw hn[nhnizm-k-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ {]tXy-In®pw sshb-‡n-I-ß-fmb A`n-{]m-b-߃°pw nK-a--߃°pw Kth- j-W-߃°pa∏pdw {]am-W߃ F¥p]d-bp∂p F∂pw A√m- lp-hns‚ {]iw-k-°¿lcpw {]hm-NI in£W-Øn¬ hf¿∂p- h-cp-∂-Xp-amb ]q¿hn-I-cmb k®-cn-X¿ Fß-s-bm-WnXv a-  n-em-°n-bn-cp-∂Xv F∂pamWv mw ASn-ÿm--]-c-ambn Atz- jn-t°-≠Xv. Ah-cpsS am¿K-am-Ws√m hnip-≤hpw kpc-£n-X- hp-ambXv. B am¿Kw ]n≥]-‰p-hm-mWv ]cn-ip≤ Izp¿Bpw _n bpw tΩmSv nc-¥cw DW¿Øn-bXpw. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p: ""Xn°v k∑m¿Kw hyIvXambn°gn™ tijhpw B-sc-¶n-epw ssZhZqXpambn FXn¿Øv n¬°pIbpw, kXyhnizmknIfpsSX√mØ am-¿Kw ]n¥pScpIbpw sNøp∂ ]£w Ah≥ Xncn™ hgn°v Xs∂ mw Ahs Xn-cn®phnSp∂Xpw, cIØnen´v mahs Icn°p∂XpamWv. AsX{X tamiamb ]-c-yhkmw!''(4:115) ""aplmPndpIfn¬ n∂pw A≥kmdpIfn¬ n∂pw BZyambn apt∂m´v h∂hcpw, kp-IrXw sNbvXpsIm≠v Ahsc ]n¥pS¿∂hcpw Btcm Ahsc∏‰n A√mlp kwXr]v-X-m-bn- cn°p∂p. Ahs∏‰n A-h-cpw kwXr]vXcmbncn°p∂p. Xmgv`m- K-Øv AcphnIƒ HgpIns°m≠ncn°p∂ kz-¿KtØm∏pIƒ Ah¿°v Ah≥ Hcp-°n-sh°pIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. Fs∂- ∂-pw AhcXn¬ nXyhmknIfm-bn-cn-°p-w. AXs{X alØmb `mKyw.'' (9:100) kzlolp apkvenan¬ hn[nhnizm-k-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ lZoYv D≤-cn°p-tºm-ƒ- AXns‚ Hcp {]tXy-I ]›m-Øew Iq-Sn BapJ- ambn D≤-cn-°p-∂p≠v. AXm-b-Xv blvb_vp bAvapdpw lpssa- Zv-_v--p A_-Zn¿ dlvam≥ A¬ lnw-b-cnbpw Iq-Sn a°Øv h®v A_vZp-√m-ln_vp Da¿ s I≠p-ap-´m-n-S-bmbn. At∏mƒ X- ß--fpsS m´n¬ AYhm Cdm-Jn¬ hn-[n-s-b ntj-[n-®p- sIm≠v cwK-{]-thiw sN-bvX Hcp hn`m-KsØ Ipdn®v kzlm-_n-bmb A_vZp-√m-ln _vp Da¿ tmSv A-h¿ tNmZn-®p. At∏mƒ C_vp Da¿ Ah-tcmSp c≠p t]tcm-Sp-ambn ]d™p ""n߃ B hn[nntj-[n-Isf I≠p-ap--´n-bm¬ Fn°v Ah-cp-ambpw
    • 80 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ah¿°v Rmp-ambpw bmsXmcp _‘hp-an-s√∂v Adn-bn-°p-I. Da-dn s‚ aI≥ A_vZp√ C-Xm kXyw sNbvXp ]d-bp∂p; Ah-cn-¬ Hcmƒ°v DlvZv ae-tbmfw kz-¿W-ap-≠-m-Ip-Ibpw AX- h¿ sNe-h-gn-°p-I-bpw sN-bvXm¬ t]mepw hn[n-bn¬ hniz-kn- °m-Øn-S-tØmfw A√mlp AXv kzoI-cn-°p-∂-X-√.'' -tijw ]nXmhv Da¿ ]Tn-∏n-®p-sIm-SpØ lZoYv At±lw Ah-¿-°-p ]d™psImSp-Øp. (-apkvenw) ImcWw hnizmkw (Cu-am≥) Ckvem-an-s‚ ASn-Ø-d-bm-Wv. AXns‚ A`m-h-Øn--ep≈ I¿a-߃ A{]-k-‡hpw A-kzo-I-cy- hp-am-sW∂mWv Izp¿B≥ ]Tn-∏n-®Xv. (14:18,24:39,25:23 apX-emb kq‡-߃ ImWp-I.) AXp-sIm≠p Xs∂ k®-cn-X-cmb ]q-¿-hkqcn-Iƒ CØcw hnizmkImcy-ß-f-n-¬ {]tXyIw {i≤ ]Xn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. {]- apJ Xm_nCu ]WvUn-X-m-bn-cp∂ Xzm-hqkv ]d-bp-∂p. - _n bpsS Ap-N-c-∑m-cmb Hcp ]‰w Bfp-Isf Rm≥ Im- Wp-I-bp-≠m-bn. Ah-scm-s°bpw ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv F√mw hn[n- b-p-k-cn-®mWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv F∂mWv. At±lw ]d-bp∂p: A-_vZp-√m-ln_vp Da¿ C{]-Imcw ]d-bp--∂Xv Rm≥ tI´n- ´p≠v ""Dt∑-jhpw A-i-‡-nbp-a-S°w F√m Imcyhpw hn[n-b-p- k-cn-®mWv.'' (kzlolp apkvenw) JZm J-Zvdn≥ AYhm hn[n-bn¬ hniz-kn-°mØh¿°p A√m- lp-hns‚ im]-˛-tIm--]ßfpw in£-bp-ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂ -_n Xm°oXv sNbvXn-´p≠v. A√mlp am{X-amWv {kjvSmhpw nb-¥m-hpw BImi`qan-I- fn-ep≈ k¿h-Xn-s‚-bpw DSaÿpw. Ah≥ am{XamWv B-cm-[- -°¿l-s-∂p-≈ GIssZh hn-izm-k-Øns‚ (Xu-lo-Zn-s‚) ]q¿Øo-I-cWw IqSn-bmWXv. A√m-lp-hns‚ al-Xz-hpw i‡n amlm-flyßfpw sΩ t_m-[y-s∏Sp-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv hmkvX-h- Øn¬ hn-[n-bn-ep≈ hnizmkw. ssiJp¬ Ckvemw C_vp ssXanb D≤-cn-°p∂p: C_vp A∫mkv ]-d-™-Xmbn, hn[nhnizmkw (JZ¿) GI-ssZ-h- Øns‚ (Xu-lo-Zns‚) hyh-ÿn-Xn-bmWv. Bsc-¶nepw
    • 81Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlphns‚ GI-X-zw AwKo-Icn-°pIbpw Ahs‚ hn[n-bn¬ hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ Ah-cpsS GI-ssZ-hhnizm-kw- (Xu- lo-Zv) ]cn-]q¿W-ambn. F-∂m¬ Bsc-¶nepw A√m-lp-hns‚ GIXzw AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw Ahs‚ hn[n-bn¬ Ahniz-kn-°pI- bpw sN-bvXm¬ AXv Abm-fpsS GI-ssZ-h-hn-izm-kw XI¿ØpIf-™p. (aPvapD^-Xm-h hm:8 t]:258) A√m-lp-hns ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠v Ahs‚ GIXzhpw (Xu-lo-Zpw) i-‡n- amlm-fly-ßfpw (Jp-Zvd-Øpw) hn[n-n- ¿Wbhpw(-J-Zvdpw) ]c-kv]cw tN-¿-Øp-]-d™ cwK-߃ ]cn- ip-≤ Izp¿-Bn¬ ]e-bn-SØpw ImWm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""BImiß-f-p-s-S-bpw `qanbpsSbpw B[n]Xyw B¿°m-tW-m Ahs{X (AXv AhXcn∏n®h≥) Ah≥ k¥msØ kzoIcn®n´n√. B-[n-]XyØn¬ Ah∂v bm-sXmcp ]¶m-fn-bpw D≠mbn´pan√. Hmtcm hkvXpshbpw A- h≥ krjvSn°pIbpw, AXns Ah≥ icnbmwhÆw hyhkvY- s∏-SpØpIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p.'' (25:2) ""AXyp∂Xmb ns‚ c-£n-Xm-hn-s‚- maw {]Io¿Øn-°pI. k-rjvSn-°p-I-bp-w, kwhn[mn°pIbpw sNbvX (c-£n-Xm-hns‚) hyhkvY n¿Wbn®p am¿-K-Z-¿-iw ¬Inbhpw...'' (87:1-˛-3) Nne¿ CXns (hn[nhnizm-ksØ) tI-hew {]m]-©nI {]Xn-`m-k-ß-fnepw {]-IrXnnb-a-ß-fnepw am{Xw ]cn-an-X-s∏- SpØn hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWmw. AXv Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n® hn[n- hn-izm-ksØ icn-bmb cq]-Øn¬ Dƒs°m-≈p-∂-tXm, C-kv- em-anI {]am-W-ß-tfmSv oXn ]pe-¿-Øp-∂tXm Bb hnh-c-W- a-√. F¥mWv hn[nhnizmkw? Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ hn[nhnizm-k-Ønp kp{]-[m--ßfmb mep LS-I-ß-ƒ AYhm mep Xe-ß-fp≠v. Ah-bp- ƒs°m≈mØ hn[n-hn-izmkw Ip‰-a-‰-X-√. {]am-W-ß-fn¬ n∂- I∂v bp-‡n-°-pw nK-a--߃°pw {]m[myw I¬]n-°p-∂ ]n¬°m-e-°m-cpsS hni-Zo-I-c-W-ß-fmWv AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ hnh- c-߃ ImWm≥ km[n-°p-∂Xv. B mev LS-I-ßfpw Ah-
    • 82 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v bpsS Xm¬]-cy-hpw hni-Zo-I-cn-°mw. 1. A-√m-lp-hns‚ Adnhv: `mhn˛`q-X˛h¿Ø-am hyXym-k-ß-fn-√m-sX F√m kwK-Xn- Ifpw A√mlp B-Zy-ta Xs∂ Adn™n´p≈-XmWv F∂-XmWv J-Zm˛J-Z¿ AYhm hn[nhnizm-k-Ønse H∂m-asØ LSIw. kq£v-ahpw hn-i-Zhpambn F√m Imcy-ß-fpw Ah D-≠m-Ip-∂- Xnp aptº Xs∂ A√mlp A-dn-™n-´p≠v. A-√mlp kzbw ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØnb ma-ßfpw Ah-bpƒs°m-≈p∂ hnti-j- ßfpw Cu hkvXp-X-bnte°v hn-c-¬Nq≠p-∂-Xm-Wv. AYhm A√mlp F-√m--a-dn-bp-∂-hpw (A¬ Aeow) F√mw tI-ƒ°p-∂- hpw (A- -ao-Av) F√mw Im-Wp-∂-hpw (A¬ _kzo¿) kq£v- a-⁄m-nbpw (A¬ J_o¿) Hs°-bm-sW-∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ Cu hkvXp-X-bmWv A-dn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. A√mlp Ahs‚ Adn-hns Ipdn®v sΩ Adn-bn-°p-∂Xv ImWpI. ""Ahs‚ ]-°emIp∂p AZriyImcyØns‚ J-P-m-hpIƒ. Ah√msX Ah Adn-bp-I-bn-√. Icbnepw ISenepap≈Xv A- h-≥ A-dnbp∂p. AhdnbmsX Hcp Ce t]m-e-pw hogp∂n√. `q- an-bnse Ccp´pI-ƒ°p-≈n-encn°p∂ Hcp [myaWnbmIs´, ]- ®-tbm, DWßnbtXm Bb GsXmcp h-kv-XphmIs´, hyIvXamb Hcp tcJbn¬ F-gpXs∏´-Xm-bn´-√msX D≠mhn√. '' (6:-5-9) 34:3, 53:35, 59:22, 65:12 apX-emb kq‡-ßfpw C°m-cy-Øn¬ hy‡-amWv. 2. tc-J-s∏-Sp-ج: A√m-lp-hns‚ Adn-hn¬s∏SmØ bmsXm-∂p-an√ F∂-Xp- t]mse Xs∂ F√m kwK-Xn-Ifpw Ah≥ Hcp kwc-£n-X- ^e- I-Øn¬ (A-√u-lp¬ alv^q-Zv)-tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≠v. `u-Xn-I temIsØ GsX-¶nepw ^e-I-ß-sf-tb-m {KŸ- ßsftbm t]mse ap-°-Xn-s k¶¬]n°m≥ Ign-bn√. Im- cWw A-Xv ΩpsS ]t©-{μn-b-߃°-∏pdap≈ ad™ Imcy- ßfn¬ (ssK-_v) s]´-XmWv.
    • 83Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A_vZp-√m-ln _vp Awdn _vn¬ B-kzv ]d-bp-∂p.- _n C{]-Imcw ]-d-bp-∂-Xn-mbn Rm≥ tI´n´p-≠v. BIm-i-˛-`q-an-Isf krjvSn-°p-∂-Xns‚ Aº-Xn-m-bncw h¿j-߃°p apºp Xs∂ kr-jv-Sn-I-fpsS hn[nn¿W-b-߃ A√mlp tcJ-s∏-SpØn. (kzlo- lp apkvenw) hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ hyXy-kvX-ß-fmb t]cpI-fn-eqsS CØcw Hcp tcJsb Ip-dn-®v ]cm-a¿in-®n-´p≠v. (6:59, 57:22, 23) Xp-Sßn ]e hN--ß--fnepw AXv ImWmw. 3. A-√m-lp-hns‚ Dt±iyw AYhm aio-AØv: temIØv sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb F-¥-pw A√m-lp-hns‚ Dt±- iyhpw Ap-a-Xn-bpw Ap-k-cn®v am{Xta D≠m-Ip-∂p-≈p F∂- XmWv CXpsIm≠p A¿Y-am-°p-∂Xv. A√mlp Dt±-in-°p-∂- sXt¥m A-Xv S-°p-∂p. Ah-p-t±-in-°mØXv -S-°p-I-bn-√. AXv A√m-lp-hns‚ B[n-]-XysØbpw A[n-Im-c-tØbpw Adn- bn-°p∂ kwKXn IqSn-bmWv. AYhm A-h-s‚ Adnhpw Ap- aXnbpan-√msX bmsXm-∂p-w Ahs‚ B[n-]-Xy-Øn-ep≈ Cu tem-IØv S-°p-∂n-√ F∂¿Yw. ""n-°v h-√ tZmjhpw _m[n®m¬ Cßns sN-bvXncps∂¶n¬ Cßns-bmIp-am-bn-cp∂p F-∂v o ]dbcpXv. n›bw, Aß-s-bm-sW-¶n¬, As√-¶n¬ Cßs sN-bv-Xn-cp-s∂¶n¬ XpSßnb Nn¥-Iƒ ]nim-Nn-s‚ {]h¿Ø--߃°v hmXn¬ Xpd-°p-∂-XmWv.'' (kzlolv apkvenw) hni∂v Ah-i-m-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcmƒ ssZ-hhn[n-bp-s≠-¶n¬ Fs‚ hni∏v am-dp-sa∂v n®v shdpsX Ccn-°m-dn√. {]-Xyp-X hni∏v am‰mmbn `£Ww Ign-°m--p≈ G¿∏mSv sNøpw. Zmln- °p-tºm-gpw Aßs Xs∂. Xs‚ tsc Nodn-∏m™p hcp∂ Hcp hmlw ImWp-tºm-ƒ ssZhhn[n-bp-s≠-¶nte A]-I-S- Øn--¬ s]Sp-I-bp≈q F∂p ]d™p B-cpw AhnsS Xs∂ n∂p sImSp-°m-dn√. a-dn®v Xs‚ ∑°v DXIp∂ {]h¿-Ø--߃ Hmtcmcp-Øcpw sNøpw. C{]-Imcw X-s∂ ∑ Xn∑-I-fpsS ImcyØnepw X-t∂m-Sv n¿tZin-°-s∏´ Imcy-߃ sN-øm-≥ Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw _m[y-ÿ-cmWv. Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cp-sSbpw Xocpam--ßfpw sN-bv-Xn-Ifpw Imse--°q´n
    • 84 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Adn-bp∂ ]-S-®-Xºp-cm≥ AXv IqSn ]cn-K-Wn®v Imcy-ß-ƒ tcJ- s∏-SpØn F∂p-am{Xw. A-√m-sX tcJ-s∏-SpØn-b-Xns‚ t]cn¬ Hcm-ƒ-°pw {]h¿ØkzmX{¥yw ntj-[n-°-s∏Sp∂ Hcp n¿_-‘n-Xm-hÿbpw C-hn-S-bn√ Xmpw. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p: ""]dbpI: kXyw n-ßfpsS c£nXm-hn- ¶-¬ n-∂p-≈-Xm-Ip-∂p. AXnm¬ CjvSap≈h¿ hniz-kn-°- s´. CjvSap≈h¿ Ahnizkn°s´. A-{IanIƒ°v mw c-Im- Kvn Hcp°n sh-®n´p≠v. AXns‚ IqSmcw Ahsc h-e-bw sNbvXn-cn°p∂p. Ah¿ sh≈-Ø-n-t]£n°p∂ ]£w Dcp- °n-b temlw t]mep≈ Hcp sh≈ambncn°pw. A-h-¿-°v IpSn- °m-≥ ¬Is∏Sp∂Xv. AXv ap-Jßsf Fcn®v Ifbpw. hfsc Zp-jn® ]m-obw Xs∂. AXv (cIw) hfsc Zp-jn-® hn{ia ÿ-ew Xs∂.'' (18:29) ""IqSnt®¿∂p≠mb Hcp _oPØn¬ n-∂v Xo¿®bmbpw mw apjys kr-jv-Sn®ncn°p∂p. mw Ahs ]co-£n-°p- hmmbn´v. Aßs Ahs mw tI-ƒ-hnbp≈hpw Imgv-N- bp-≈-h-p-am-°n-bncn°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw mw Ah∂v hgn ImWn®psImSpØncn°p∂p. F∂n´v H-∂pIn¬ Ah≥ μnbp≈hmIp∂p. As√¶n¬ μnsI´hmIp∂p.'' (76:2-˛3) A√mlp F√mw tcJ-s∏-SpØnsh®p-sh-∂-Xv sIm≠v Hcm-fp- sSbpw ∑-˛-Xn-∑-Iƒ sXsc-s™-Sp-°p-hmpw {]h¿-Øn-°m- pap≈ kzmX{¥yw C√msXbmIp-∂n-s√∂¿Yw. Hcp DZm-l-c- W-Øn-eqsS C-Xv hy‡-am°mw. Ccp-]Xv Ip´n-Isf ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ Hc-[ym-]-I≥ tIhew ]mT-`m-K-߃ sNm√n-s°m-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-- ∏pdw B-flm-¿Y-amb Hcp am¿KZ¿inIq-Sn-bmb A-t±lw IrXy- ambn Htcm ∑sb Ipdn®pw Ahsc t_m[ys∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw D]-tZ-in-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. n›nX ]mT-`m-K-ß-ƒ ]q¿Øn-bm- °n-b-Ønp tijw ]-co-£ S-Øp-∂-Xnp apºv Xs‚ IrXy- amb Adn-hns‚bpw hne-bn-cp-Ø-en-s‚-bpw ASn-ÿm--Øn¬ B Ccp-]Xp Ip´n-I-fp-sSbpw dnk¬´p-Iƒ Xøm-dm°n `{Z-ambn tai- bn¬ h®p-]q´n. ]n∂oSv thsd A[ym-]-I≥ h∂v ]co£ S- Øp-Ibpw dnk¬´v Xøm-dm-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ^ew tm°p-
    • 85Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v tºmƒ BZysØ A[ym-]-I¿ tc-J-s∏-Sp-ØnbXntm-Sv CXv qdv iX-am--hpw tbmPn-°p-∂-Xmbn°≠m¬ B A-[ym-]-Is‚ Ign-hpw al-Xzhpambn-cn°pw GsXmcp njv]-£-a-Xnbpw hne- bn-cp-Øp-I. At±-lsØ kXy-k-‘-cmb Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw ap‡IWvTw {]iw-kn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. dnk¬´v Imte-°q´n Fgp-Xn-h-®-Xns‚ t]cn¬ ]cm-Pn-X-cmb Ip´n-Iƒ t]m-epw˛Ah¿ oXnnjvT-bp-≈-h-cm-sW-¶n¬˛A[ym-]-Is ]gn-°p-I-bn√. adn®v kz¥sØ Xs∂-bm-bn-cn°pw Ah¿°p- Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øm-p- ≠m-hpI. ImcWw A[ym-]-I≥ Xs‚ Adnhpw hne-bn-cp-Ø- epap-k-cn®v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb dnk¬´v Ah-cpsS {]h- ¿ØkzmX-{¥y-ß-sf-sbm∂pw ntj[n-®n-´p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. CtX{]Imcw c-Im-h-Im-in-I-fm-Ip-∂hcm-scms°sb∂p Ah- cpsS Xocp-am--ßfpw {]h¿Ø--ßfpw Imte-°q´n ae- n-em- °nb ]S-®-h≥ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn- sh-®-Xn¬ Xcnºpw Ao-Xn-bn- √∂v am-{X-a-√ Ahs‚ Ignhpw al-Xz-hp-w n-jv--]-£-a-Xn-Iƒ°v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøpw. 4. krjvSn∏v A√m-lp-am-{X-amWv {kjvSmhv. Ah--√m-Ø-sXm-s°bpw Ahs‚ krjvSn-I-fm-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlp F√m hkvXp°fpsSbpw {kjvSmhmIp∂p. Ah≥ F√m hkvXp°fpsS taepw ssIImcy- I¿Øm-hpamIp∂p''. (39:62) ""BImißfpw `qanbpw krjvSn®h≥ Ahsct∏mep≈hsc krjvSn°m≥ Ignhp≈ht√? AsX, Ahs{X k¿Δhpw krjvSn°p∂hpw F√mw Adnbp∂hpw''. (36:81) ""BImißfpw `qanbpw krjvSn°pIbpw, Ccp´pIfpw shfn®hpw D≠m°pIbpw sNbvX A√mlphn∂mIp∂p kvXpXn. F∂n´paXm kXyntj[nIƒ XßfpsS c£nXmhnv ka∑msc sh°p∂p''.(6:1) ∑-Iƒ°v Hcp {kjvSmhpw Xn∑-Iƒ°pw IjvS-X-Iƒ°pw as‰mcp {kjvSmhpw F∂ k¶¬]w Ckveman-y-am-Wv. Ccp- ´n-sbpw shfn-®-sØbpw c≠v {kjvSm-°-fmbn k¶¬]n-°p-
    • 86 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ∂Xpw A‘-hn-izm-k-am-Wv. ap-jy-c-S-°-ap≈ k¿h krjvSn- Ifpw Ah-bpsS {]h¿Ø--ßfpw KpW-K-W-ßfpw A√m-lp- hns‚ krjvSn-I-fpsS KW-Øn-emWv hcn-I. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlphmWt√m nßsfbpw n߃ n¿an°p∂hsbbpw krjvSn®Xv''. (37:96) ""(_ntb,) tNmZn°pI: BcmWv BImißfpsSbpw `qan- bpsSbpw c£nXmhv? ]dbpI: A√mlphmWv. ]dbpI: F∂n´pw Ah∂p ]pdsa Ahch¿°p Xs∂ D]Imctam D]{Zhtam sNøm-≥ kzm[oan√mØ Nne c£m[nImcnIsf n߃ kzoIcn®n-cn°pIbmtWm? ]dbpI: A‘pw ImgvN-bp≈-h- pw XpeycmIptam? AYhm Ccp´pIfpw shfn®hpw Xpeyam- Ip-tam? AX√, A√mlphnv ]pdsa Ah¿ ]¶mfnIfm°n sh®- h¿, Ah-≥ krjvSn°p∂Xv t]mseØs∂ krjvSn SØnbn´v (C-cp h`mK-Øns‚bpw) krjvSnIƒ Ah¿°v Xncn®dnbmXm- hpI--bm--tWm D≠mbXv? ]dbpI: A√mlphs{X F√m hkvXp- °fp-sS-bpw {kjvSmhv. Ah≥ GIpw k¿Δm[n]Xn-bpam- Ip∂p''. (13:16) hn[nhnizm-k-Øns‚ KpW-^-e-߃ Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ hn[nhnizmkw icn-bmb hn[Øn¬ Dƒs°m-≈p∂ Hcp kXyhniz-m-kn-sb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw nc-h[n KpW-]-c-amb ^e-߃ tSn-sb-Sp-°m≥ km[n-°p-sa- ∂XmWv hkvXp-X. A√m-lp-hns‚ n›-b-{]-Im-c-amWv Imcy- ß-sfm-s°bpw S-°p-∂-sX∂pw Im-cp--Wy-hmpw oXn-am-p-amb A-√m-lp-hns‚ hn[n-bn¬ AXy-¥n-I-ambn Xn°v ∑-am-{Xta D≠m-hp-I-bp≈p F∂pw Xncn-®-dn-bp∂ hnizmkn AXy-[nIw kam-[m-w Ap-`-hn-°p∂bmfm-bn-cn°pw. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""bp≤w sNøm≥ n-߃°nXm n¿_‘ I¬] ¬-I-s∏´ncn°p∂p. AXmIs´ n߃°v A- njvSIcamIp∂p. F∂m¬ Hcp Im-cyw n߃ shdp°pIbpw (bYm¿-Y-Øn-¬) AXv n߃°v KpWIcambncn-°p-I-bpw sNømw. nßsfmcp Imcyw CjvS-s∏SpIbpw (bYm¿YØn¬) n߃°Xv tZmjIcambncn°pIbpw sNbvsX∂pw h-cmw.
    • 87Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp Adnbp∂p. n߃ A-dn-bp-∂n√.''(2:216) Hcn-°epw ncm-i-m-hmsX ZpxJß-fn-√msX kt¥m-j-I-c- amb Hcp PohnXw bn-°m≥ {]kvXpX hnizmkw Abmsf {]m]vX-m-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. -H-cn-°epw A-bm-ƒ Xn-°p-≠mb t´- ßfpsS t]cn¬ A-an-X-ambn BÀm-Zn-°p-Itbm Al-¶-cn-°p-I- tbm sNøp-I-bp-an-√. -Im-cWw Xs‚ {]-b--Xv-߃ F∂-Xn-t- °mfp]-cn- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ n›-bhpw Ap-{K-l-hp-amWv Cu t-´-ß-s-f∂v Abmƒ Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂p. A-tXmsS hn-bm-zn-Xpw μnbp≈ Zmk-p-ambn amdp∂ Abmƒ, B t´-ß-tfm-S-p-_- ‘-ambn {kjvSm-hmb A√mlp X-t∂mSv n¿tZ-in® ∑-bp-sS- bpw oXn-bp-sSbpw hn[n-hn-e-°p-Iƒ ]men-®p-sIm≠v IS-a-Iƒ n¿h-ln-°p∂ Imcy-Ønepw ap-≥-]-¥n-bn-ep-≠m-Ipw. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""`qanbntem n-ß-fpsS tZlßfn¬ Xs∂tbm bmsXmcp B]Øpw _m[n°pIbp-≠mbn´n√; A- Xn-s mw D-≠m°p∂Xnv apºv Xs∂ Hcp tcJbn¬ Dƒs]´p- Ign-™-Xmbn´-√-m-sX. Xo¿®bmbpw AXv A√mlpsh kw-_- ‘n®n-StØmfw Ffp∏ap-≈-Xm-Ip-∂p. (Cßs mw sNbvXXv) n߃°p jvSs∏´Xns‚ t]cn¬ n߃ Zpx-Jn-°m-Xncn°p- hm-pw, n߃°v Ah≥ -¬-InbXns‚ t]cn¬ n߃ BÀm- Zn-°m-Xncn°phmpw th-≠nbmWv. A√m-lp bmsXmcp Al¶m- cn-sbbpw Zpc`n-amnsbbpw CjvSs∏SpIbn√.'' (57:22,23) AXy-¥n-I-ambn A√m-lp-hns‚ Xocp-am--a-p-k-cn®mWv Imcy- ߃ S-°pI F∂v Xncn-®-dn-bp-tºmƒ Xn°v sNøm-p-≈- sX-√mw sNbvXv tijw _m°n ]S-®-h-n¬ `c-ta¬]n®v Ah- tm-Sp-am{Xw {]m¿Yn®v kzÿ-X-tbmsS Pohn°mpw GXv L´Ønepw £a ssIs°m-≈mpw hn-izm-kn°p km[n-°pw. A{]-Imcw X-s∂ `mhnsb Ipdn® hymIp-e-X-Ifpw D-¬-I-WvT- Ifpw Abmsf Akz-ÿ-m-°p-I-bn-√. F√mw A√m-lp-hns‚ hn[n- t]m-se F∂v kam-[m-n®v ss[cyktaXw A-bmƒ k¿h ∑-I-fn-te°pw Cd-ßn-∏p-d-s∏-Spw. A√m-lp-hns kw_-‘n®v ip-`m]vXn hnizm-k--am-bn-cn-°pw A-bm-ƒ-°p-≠m-hp-I. Pohn-X-bm-Ym¿Yy-ß-fn¬ n∂v Hfn-t®m-Smtm Pohn-X-Øn¬
    • 88 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ]cm-Pbw kΩ-Xn-°mtm Abmƒ k∂≤amhp-I-bn-√. -B-fl- lXymNn¥bpw a- -am-[m--Øn-mbn aZyhpw ab°pacp∂pw t]mep-≈-hsb B{i-bn-°epw Abmsf kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw AS™ A[ym-b-ß-fm-bnc-n-°pw.- A-√m-lp-hns‚ apºn-e-√m-sX Xe-Ip--n-°mØ [ocpw A`n-am-n-bpw B-¿-°pw ]mZ-tkh sNømØ B-Z-¿i-[o-c-pambncn°pabmƒ. PohnX ]co-£-W-ß-fpsS ]cp-]-cp-Ø bmYm¿Yy-߃°p ap≥]n¬ Hcp b-Ym-¿Y hnizm-kn-bpsS ne-]m-sS-¥m-sW-∂v hnip≤ Izp¿B≥ hy‡-am-°n-b-Xv CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ hnizm-kn- I-sf- ap-∂n¬ I≠p-sIm-≠mWv.A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Ip-ds®ms° `bw, ]´nWn, [jvSw, Poh jvSw, hn`h --jvSw F∂nh ap-tJ- nßsf mw ]co£n°pI Xs∂ sN- øpw. (AØcw kμ¿`ßfn¬) £an-°p-∂h¿°v kt¥m-j- hm¿Ø A-dn-bn-°p-I. X߃°v h√ B]Øpw _m-[n-®m-¬ A- h-¿ (B £amioe¿) ]dbp-∂-Xv; R-߃ A√mlphns‚ A[o- Øn--em-Wv. Ah¶te°v Xs∂ aStß≠-h-cp-amWv F∂m-bn-cn- °pw. Ah¿°s{X X-ßfpsS c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v Ap-{K-l- ß-fpw ImcpWyhpw e`n°p∂Xv. Ah-c-s{X k∑m¿Kw {]m]n-®- h¿.'' (2:155˛-157) k¿thm-]cn A√m-lp-hpw Ahs‚ Zq-Xpw ]Tn-∏n-®- b-Ym¿Y hnizmkw kzoI-cn®v BXy-¥n-I- hn-Pbw tSmpw A-bm-ƒ°- Xn-eqsS km[n-°p-∂p. k¿-h-i-‡--mb A√mlp Ah--h-X-cn- ∏n® b-Ym¿Y hnizmkßfpw BZ¿i-ßfpw kzo-I-cn-®v Po- hnXhnPbw Ic-ÿ-am-°m≥ -sΩ Ap-{K-ln-°-s´! (Bao≥) Iq-Sp-X¬- ]-Tn-°m≥- NICHE OF TRUTH P.B. N0: 832, Poothole, Thrissur-4. Tel: 9746547777 Email:dawa@nicheoftruth.org www.nicheoftruth.org *****
    • NOTES
    • NOTES
    • NOTES