Islam For the beginners

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Islam For the beginners

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Islam For the beginners

  1. 1. Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v- ÚÄ°TÉqæ∏d ΩÓ°SE’G
  2. 2. iao¿ aZon- Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v- NICHE PUBLICATIONS P.B No: 832, Poothole, Thrissur - 4. ÚÄ°TÉqæ∏d ΩÓ°SE’G
  3. 3. Malayalam | Study | Islam Thudakkakkarku Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v-- Author: Shameer Madeeni | First Edition: July 2013 Price: $. 35.00 Publishers | Distribution: Niche Publications | P.B. No:832 | Poothole | Thrissur-4 | Kerala | India www.nicheoftruth.org|Email:dawa@nicheoftruth.org Cover: Niche Graphics | Layout: Safeer Rahman Printing:EbenezerPrinters,Thrissur
  4. 4. Cu- tem-IØn-sm-cp- {kjv-Sm-hp-≠v ˛ Po-h≥- ¬-In- hmbp-hpw- sh≈hpw- ku-Icy-s∏Sp-Øn- `q-an-sb Po-hnX-tbmKy- am-°n-b ]caIm-cp-Wn-Im-b {kjv-Sm-hv- ˛ mw- Chn--sS Fßs Po-hn-°Wsa∂pw- Cu- Po-hn-XØn-s‚ ]cae-£yw- Fs¥∂pw- Zq-X∑m¿- ap-tJ {kjv-Sm-hv- sΩ ]Tn∏n--®p.- Ωp-sS Po-hn- XØn-s‚ IW°v- acW-tijw- mw- {kjv-Sm-hn-s‚ ap-ºn¬- t_m- [n-∏n-t°≠n-hcpw.- A∂v- ]p-Wyw- sNbv-Xhv- kz¿Khpw- ]m-]w- sNbv-Xhv- c-Ihpw- {]Xn-^ew- In-´pw.- AXn-m¬- {kjv-Sm-hv- Xs‚ Zq-Xcn-eq-sS ¬-In-b n¿-tZiapkcn-®v- Po-hn-°p-Ibm- Wv- ap-jy-s‚ c£m-am¿-Kw.- Ωp-sS tem-I {kjv-Sm-hv- ¬-In-b n¿-tZi kw-ln-XbmWv- Izp¿-B≥.- ap-lΩZv- _n bn-eq-sS Ah≥- B ktμiw- ap- jy¿-s°Øn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp.- CXdn-™-hcpw- Adn-bm-Øhcpw- ap- °n-Sbn¬- D≠v.- tem-Isc ap-gp-h≥- {kjv-Sm-hn-s‚ ktμiadn- bn-°¬- AXdn-™hcp-sS _m-[y-Xbm-Wv.- AXnm-bn- cq-]o-Ir- Xam-b Hcp- {]kv-Ym-am-Wv- n-®v- Hm-^v- {SqØv. hnizmkw Ckvemans‚ ASnØ-d-bm-Wv. AXns‚ A`m- h-Øn-ep≈ I¿a-߃ A√m-lp-hn-¶¬ kzoIcn°s∏-Sp-I-bn-√. CkvemanI hnizmk,- BZ¿i-߃ a- n-em-t°-≠Xv AXns‚ auenI {]am-W-ß-fmb ]cn-ip≤ Izp¿-B-n¬ n∂pw {]hm-NIm- [ym-]--ß-fn¬ n∂p-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. {]am-W-_-≤-a-√mØ hnizm- k-ßsf A‘-hn-izm-k-ß-fmbn Xncn-®-dn™v Isøm-gn-°mpw AXv klm-bn-°pw. Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n°p-∂- Bdv ASn-ÿm hnizm-k-ßsf {]mY-an-I-ambn ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bmWv Cu eLp-Ir-Xn.- Cu- ZuXyw n¿h-ln-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv iao¿ aZonbmWv. hmbn-°p-Ibpw hne-bn-cp-Øp-Ibpw sNtø-≠Xv amy hmb--°m-cm-Wv. sX‰p-Iƒ k-Z-bw- Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p-I. A√m-lpth,- ns‚ kXyaX ktμi {]N-c-W-Ønp th≠n-bp≈ Cu Ffnb {iaw Rß-fn¬ n∂v kzoI-cn-t°-W- ta, Zp¿_-e-amb RßfpsS Ic-߃°v o i‡n ]I-tc-W-ta.... (Bao≥). amt-P¿
  5. 5. ]c-aImcpWn-I-mb A√m-lp-hns‚ ma-Øn¬..... CkvemanI A[ym-]--ß-fn¬ Gsd {]m[m-y-a¿ln- °p-∂-h-bmWv hnizmk Imcy-߃. Hmtcm apkvenapw n¿_- ‘-ambpw Adn-bp-Ibpw hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠p∂ Bdv hnizmk Imcy-ß-fp-≠v. Cuam≥ Imcy-ß-sf∂ t]cn¬ Adn- b-s∏-Sp∂ Ch bYm-{Iaw A√m-lp-hn-ep≈ hnizm-kw, ae-°p- I-fn-ep-≈ hnizmkw, thZ {KŸ-ß-fn-ep≈ hnizm-kw, {]hm-N- I-∑m-cn-ep≈ hnizm-kw, A¥y-Zn--Øn-ep≈ hnizm-kw, hn[n hnizmkw F∂n-ß-s-bm-Wv. D]cn kqNnX hnizmkImcy-ßsf Ipdn-®p≈ Hcp {]mYanI hni-I-e--amWv Cu IrXn-bn-ep-≈-Xv. Cu IrXn ]pd- Øn-d-°p-∂Xn¬ kl-I-cn® nc-h[n klr-Z-b-cp-≠v. Ah-tcm- Sp≈ IS-∏m-Sp-Iƒ Adn-bn-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w k¿Δ i‡-mb A√mlp Ah¿°v X°-Xmb {]Xn-^ew ¬In Ap-{K-ln- °p-am-dm-Is´, F∂v {]m¿Yn-°p-∂p. k¿Δ i‡-mb A√mlphpw Ahs‚ {]hm-N-I≥ apl-ΩZv _n bpw ]Tn-∏n® Ip‰-a‰ hnizm-kmZ-¿i-߃ ]Tn- ®-dn™v kzoI-cn-°p-hmpw a‰p-≈h--cn--te°v ]I¿∂p sImSp- °mpw d∫v sΩ Ap-{K-ln-°p-am-dm-I-s´, ]q¿ÆX Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. A_-≤-߃ {i≤-bn¬ s]Sp-∂-h¿ kvtl _p≤ym DW¿Ø-W-sa∂v hno-X-ambn A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. mYm, ns‚ kXy Zons‚ am¿§-Øn-ep≈ Hcp Ffnb tkh--ambn o Rß-fn¬ n∂pw CXp kzoI-cn-t°- W-ta, CXp hmb-°p-∂-h¿°pw {]N-cn-∏n-°p-∂-h¿°pw ∑- bpsS Ihm-S-߃ o Xpd∂p sImSp-t°-W-ta.... {]m¿∞--tbm-sS, nß-fpsS kvtln-X≥ iao¿ aZon, eIv®-d¿, PmanAx A¬ lnμv A¬ Ckvemanb
  6. 6. X-m-fp-I-fn¬- hnizmkw: AnhmcyXbpw B[nImcnIXbpw 13 A√mlphnep≈ hnizmkw 24 ae-°p-I-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw 31 thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw 40 ssZhZqX∑m-cn-ep≈ hnizmkw 50 A¥y-Zn--Øn-ep≈ hnizmkw 64 hn[nhnizmkw 77
  7. 7. hnizmkw: AnhmcyXbpw B[nImcnIXbpw Ckvemans‚ A[ym]ßfn¬ hnizmk-Imcyß- ƒ-°p-≈ kYmw nkvXpeamWv. hnizmkØns‚ A`mhØnep≈ I¿a-߃ F¥pXs∂bmbncp∂mepw Ah njv^ehpw {k„mhmb A√mlphn¶¬ kzoIcn°s∏-SmØhbp-ambn-cn°p-sa-∂m-Wv Ckvemw ]Tn∏n°p∂Xv. a n¬ cqVaqeamb hnizmkhpw mhpsIm≠p≈ {]Jym]hpw Ahbhß-ƒ-sIm-≠p-≈ {]h¿Øhpw tN¿∂XmWv Ckvemans‚ BZ¿iw. AXn- m¬ CkvemanI]mTßfn¬ BZyambn ]Tnt°≠Xv AXn-s‚ ASnØdbmb hnizmk Imcyßsf Ipdn®mbncn°Ww. Imc-Ww AXnt∑emWv Ckvemans‚ a‰v BZ¿ißsf√mw ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øs∏´ncn°p∂Xv. kXy- hnizm-k-apƒ-s°m-≠n-´n√m-Ø Ahn-izmknIfpsS I¿aßsf Ipdn®v A√mlp ]dbp∂Xv Im-WpI: ""Ahnizkn®hcmIs´ AhcpsS I¿a߃ acp-`qan-bn- se acoNnI t]msebmIp∂p. Zmln®h≥ AXv sh≈-am- 1 A[ymbw
  8. 8. 15Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v sW--∂v hnNmcn°p∂p. Aßs Ah≥ AXn∂SptØ°v sN∂m- ¬ Aßs H∂v D≈Xmbn Xs∂ Ah≥ Is≠-Øp-I-bn-√. F-∂m-¬ Xs‚ ASpØv A√mlpsh Ah≥ Is≠-Øp-∂-Xm- Wv. At∏mƒ (A√mlp) Ah∂v Ahs‚ I-W-°v Xo¿Øp sImSp- °p-∂XmWv. A√mlp AXnthKw IW°v tm°p-∂h-s{X.'' (24:39) ""Ah¿ {]h¿Øn® I¿aßfpsS tsc mw XncnbpIbpw, m-a-Xns NnXdnb [qfnt]mse B°nØo¿°pIbpw sNøpw.'' (25:23) ""XßfpsS c£nXmhns ntj[n®hsc, AhcpsS I¿-a- ß-sf D]an-°mhp∂Xv sImSp¶m‰p≈ Hcp Znhkw IØ Im‰- Sn-®p ]mdnt∏mb shÆodn-tmSmIp∂p. Ah¿ {]h¿-Øn-®p-≠m- °n-bXn¬ n∂v bmsXm∂pw Ap`hn°m≥ Ah¿°v km[n- °p-∂X√. AXv Xs∂bmWv hnZqcamb am¿K{`wiw.'' (14:18) kXyhnizmkw kzoIcn°mØhcpsS I¿aßfpsS ^eiqyX hyXykvX-ßfmb D]aIfneqsS hnhcn°pIbmWv A√mlp. aplΩZv _n bpsS {]hmNIXzntbmKØnp ap≥]v ]mhßsf klmbn®v AYnXnIsf kevIcn®v Pohn-®n- cp-∂ Hcmfmbncp∂p C_vp PpZvB≥ F∂bmƒ. A√mlphntem acWm-¥c PohnXØntem H∂pw hnizmkan√msX Abmƒ n¿hln® CØcw I¿a߃ ]mc{XnIPohnXØn¬ Abmƒ- °p-]Icn°ptam F∂v alXn BCi , _n tbmSv tNmZn®- t∏mƒ AXv Abmƒ°p-]Icn-°p-I-bns√∂v {]hmNI≥ ]d- ™ kw`hw lZoYv{KŸßfn¬ ImWmw. (apkvenw) mw Hcmsf ΩpsS tXm´Øn¬ ]WnsbSp-°phm≥ G¬]n- ®p-sh∂p IcpXpI. ΩpsS n¿tZiß-ƒ°v bmsXmcp hnebpw I¬]n°msX Abmƒ B tXm´Øn¬ X∂n„{]Imcw ]eXpw sh®p]nSn∏n°p∂p; a‰v]eXpw ]ngpXpam‰p∂p. F√mw Ign™v Abmƒ ΩpsS ASpØv A[zmØns‚ thX-amhiy-s∏´v h∂m¬ ΩpsS {]XnIcWsa¥mbncn°pw? tPmen-tb¬-∏n- ®bmsf AwKoIcn°pItbm AbmfpsS D]tZi n¿tZ-i-߃ ]cnKWn°pItbm Abmƒ NpaXes∏SpØnb ZqXs Apk-
  9. 9. 16 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v cn-°pItbm sNømsX X∂n„{]Imcw ]eXpw sNbvXtijw Iqen tXSns®√p∂ sXmgnemfn°v˛-AbmfpsS A[zmw F{XXs∂ `mcn®Xmbncp∂mepw˛-Iqen sImSp°m≥ Bsc¶nepw XømdmIptam? AbmfpsS tXm∂nhmk߃°v Iqen°¿lXbps≠∂vt]mepw _p≤nbpw oXnt_m[hpap≈ Bcpw ]dbpsa∂v tXm∂p-∂n√. F¶n¬ k¿hi‡mb ]S®- Xºp-cms‚ am¿K-n¿tZi߃ kzoIcn®psIm≠√msX X∂n- „-{]Imcw Xn°v √sX∂ptXm∂nb Imcy߃ {]h¿Øn- °p-∂ Hcmƒ°v {k„mhns‚ {]Xn^eans√∂v ssZhw Xocpam- n®m¬ AXn¬ bsXmcp AoXnbpw bp‡ncmlnXyhpw oXnt_m[ap≈ Hcmƒ°pw Z¿in°phm≥ km[n°pIbn√. A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""(_ntb) ]dbpI: I¿a߃ G‰hpw jvSIcambn Xo¿∂hsc kw_‘n®v mw nß-ƒ°v ]d™pXcs´tbm? sFlnIPohnXØnse XßfpsS {]bXvw ]ng®pt]mbhcs{X Ah¿. Ah¿ hnNmcn-°p∂XmIs´ X߃ √ {]h¿Øw SØn-s°m≠n-cn°p∂p F∂mWv. XßfpsS c£nXmhns‚ ZrjvSm¥ß-fnepw Ahpambn I≠pap´p-∂-Xnepw hnizkn°mØ-hcs{X Ah¿. AXnm¬ AhcpsS I¿a߃ njv^e-ambnt∏mbncn°p∂p. AXnm¬ mw Ah¿°v Dbn¿sØ-gpt∂¬]ns‚ mfn¬ bmsXmcp Xq°hpw (ÿmhpw) nen¿ØpIbn√. AXs{X Ah¿°p≈ {]Xn^ew. Ahn-izkn°pIbpw, Fs‚ ZrjvSm¥ßsfbpw, ZqX∑mscbpw ]cnlmkyam°pIbpw sNbvXXn∂p≈ (in£bmb) cIw.'' (18:103-˛106) hnizmkImcy߃ `uXnIamZfißfp]tbmKn®v Kthj- Ww sNøphmtm Af∂papdn°phmtm km[n°p-Ibn√. `uXnI-temIsØ Xs∂ F{Xtbm kwKXnIƒ nKqVamb NpcpfpIƒ°p≈n¬ C∂pw kakyIfmbn XpScpIbmWv. ap- jy-s‚ _p≤nbpsSbpw ]cn⁄mßfp-sSbpw ]cnan-Xn-bw-Ko- Icn°ptºmƒ `uXnItemIØnv ]pdØp≈ C{μnbmXoX Imcy߃ Adnbm≥ ssZhnIk-tμißsf B{ibn°pI am{Xta nhrØnbp≈q.
  10. 10. 17Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v apjys‚ C{μnb߃°∏pdØv bmsXm∂pan√msb∂ ntj[w [n°mcØns‚bpw A⁄XbpsSbpw BgamWv hmkvXhØn¬ Adnbn°p∂Xv. bYm¿Y hnizmknIfpsS DXvIrjvS kz`mhambn hnip≤ Izp¿B≥ FSpØp]d™Xv "Ah¿ C{μnbmXoX Imcyßfn¬ hnizkn°p∂hcmsW∂' (2:3) ImcyamWv. A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""Xs‚ c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v Xn°v AhX-cn∏n°s∏´Xn¬ dkq¬ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. (AXn-s XpS-¿∂v) kXyhnizmknIfpw. Ahsc√mw A√mlphn-epw, Ahs‚ ae°pIfnepw Ahs‚ thZ{KŸßfnepw, Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcn¬ B¿-°p- anSbn¬ Hcp hnthNhpw R߃ I¬]n°p∂n√. (F∂-Xm- Wv AhcpsS ne]mSv) Ah¿ ]dbpIbpw sNbvXp: RßfnXm tIƒ°pIbpw Apkcn-°pIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. RßfpsS mYm! RßtfmSv s]mdpt°Wta. n∂n-te°m-Ip-∂p (RßfpsS) aS°w. A√mlp HcmtfmSpw AbmfpsS Ign-hn¬ s]´X√msX sNøm≥ n¿_‘n°pIbn√. HmtcmcpØ¿ {]h- ¿Øn®Xn-s‚ k¬^ew Ahch¿°pXs∂. HmtcmcpØ¿ {]h¿Øn-®Xns‚ Zpjv^ehpw AhchcpsS ta¬ Xs∂. RßfpsS mYm, R߃ ad∂pt]mIpItbm, R߃°v sX‰p]-‰pItbm sNbvXpsh¶n¬ Rßsf o in£n°cptX. RßfpsS mYm, RßfpsS ap≥KmanIfpsS ta¬ o Npa- ØnbXp t]mep≈ `mcw RßfpsS ta¬ o NpaØcptX. RßfpsS mYm, R߃°v Ignhn√mØXv Rßsf o hln∏n°cptX. R߃°v o am∏p¬IpIbpw Rß-tfmSv s]mdp°pIbpw, IcpW ImWn°pIbpw sNtøWta. obmWv RßfpsS c£m[nImcn. AXpsIm≠v kXyn-tj[nIfmb PXbvs°Xncmbn o Rßsf klmbnt°-Wta.'' (2:285,286) tscadn®v AØcw hnizmk Imcyßsf X≈n°fbp-∂h¿ hy‡amb hgntISnemsW∂pw I¿a߃ njv^-eamb „ImcnIfmbncn°pahsc∂pw Izp¿B≥ DW¿-Øp∂p. ""...A√mlphnepw, Ahs‚ ae°pIfnepw, Ahs‚
  11. 11. 18 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v {KŸßfnepw Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw, A¥yZnØnepw h√hpw Ahnizkn°p∂ ]£w Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ _lpZqcw ]ng®p t]mbncn°p∂p.''(4:136) ""...kXyhnizmksØ Bsc¶nepw X≈n°fbp∂ ]£w Ahs‚ I¿aw njv^eambn°gn™p. ]ctemIØv Ah≥ jvSw ]‰nbhcpsS Iq´Ønembncn°pIbpw sNøpw.''(5:5) kz¿K{]thisØ Ipdn®pw kz¿KmhIminIsf Ipdn®pw Izp¿B≥ hnhcn® nch[n kq‡ßfn¬ k¬I¿a-ß-tfm- sSm∏w kXyhnizmkw kzoIcn°p∂Xns Ipdn®pw Bh¿Øn- ®m-h-¿-Øn®v ]d™Xv {it≤bamWv. AYhm icnbmb hnizmk- Øn-s‚ A`mhØn¬ apjy¿ sNbvXpIq´p∂ tIhe I¿a߃ kz¿K {]thiØnv A¿lam°p∂n√msb∂v kmcw. ""Xo¿®bmbpw hnizkn°pIbpw k¬I¿a߃ {]h¿- Øn°pIbpw sNbvXhcmtcm Ah¿ Xs∂bmIp∂p krjvSn- Ifn¬ DØa¿. Ah¿°v AhcpsS c£nXmhn-¶ep≈ {]Xn^ew Xmgv`mKØp IqSn AcphnIƒ HgpIp∂, ÿnc-hmkØnp≈ kz¿KtØm∏pIfmIp∂p. AhcXn¬ nXyhmknIfmbncn°pw; Fs∂t∂°pambn´v. A√mlp Ahsc ]‰n Xr]vXns∏-´ncn-°p∂p. Ah¿ Ahs ]‰nbpw Xr]vXns∏´ncn°p∂p. GsXmcph≥ Xs‚ c£nXmhns `bs∏´pthm Ah∂p≈XmIp∂p AXv.''(98:7,8) ""Xo¿®bmbpw hnizkn°pIbpw k¬I¿Ω߃ {]h¿- Øn°pIbpw sNbvXhcmtcm Ah¿°v k¬°mcw ¬Im- p≈XmIp∂p kz¿KtØm∏pIƒ. AhcXn¬ nXyhm- knIfmbncn°pw. AXn¬ n∂v hn´v amdm≥ Ah¿ B{Kln- °pIbn√.''(18:107,108) AXpsIm≠pXs∂ A√mlp Ab® k¿h {]hmNI-∑mcpw XßfpsS Pßsf BZyambn DZvt_m[n∏n®Xv hnizmk- Imcyßsf Ipdn®mbncp∂p. I¿aßfpw kz`mh-ß-fpw CS]m- SpIfpw kw_‘n® hniZamb nba߃°pap≥-]v lrZbØn¬ cqVaqeamb hnizmkw hf¿ØnsbSp-°mm-Wv AhcJnehpw {i≤n®Xv. ]m]ßfn¬ sht®‰hpw Kpcp-Xcamb Imcyambn Ah¿ ]Tn∏n®Xpw hnizmkcwKØp kw`hn°p∂ sshI-ey-
  12. 12. 19Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ßsf Ipdn®mbncp∂psh∂pImWmw. BZyImeßfnehXcn® Izp¿B≥ kq‡ßƒ (a°o kqdØpIƒ) ]cntim[n°ptºmgpw Cu hkvXpX t_m[y- s∏Sp∂XmWv. lnPvd°p apºhXcn® {]kvXpX A[ymb- ßfnse {][m hnjbw hnizmkImcyßfmWv. apjyn¿anX `uXnI{]Xybimkv{Xßfpw ssZhnI-aXhpw XΩnep≈ auenIamb hyXymkamWnXv. aX-Øns‚ hf¿®°pw `uXnI{]Xybimkv{Xßfp-sS Xf¿-®°pw nanØamIp∂Xpw AXpXs∂bmWv. {]hmNI ]Xvn alXn BCi CuhkvXpXbnte°v hnc¬ Nq≠p∂Xp ImWpI. ""Izp¿Bn¬ n∂v BZyambn AhXcn®Xv kz¿K˛cIßsf Ipdn®v ]dbp∂ kq‡-ßfmbncp∂p. Aßs P߃ Ckvemante°v aSßnb-t∏mƒ AphZob Imcyßsf Ipdn®pw njn≤Imcy-ßsf Ipdn®pap≈ hniZamb nbaßfhXcn®p. tsc-adn®v BZyahXcn®Xv "n߃ aZy]n°cpsX∂' nbaam-bncp∂psh¶n¬ R߃ Hcn°epw aZyw Dt]£n°p-Ibn√msb∂v Ah¿ ]dt™s. A{]Imcw Xs∂ n߃ hy`nNcn°cpsX∂mbncp∂p BZyahtcmSv ]d™ncp∂-sX¶n¬ Rßsfmcn°epw hy`nNmcap-t]£n°pI- bn-√m-sb∂pw Ah¿ ]dbpambncp∂p.'' (_pJmcn) AXpsIm≠pXs∂ _n hf¿ØnsbSpØ Ckveman- IkaqlØn¬ BfpIƒ nbaw ]men°p∂pt≠msb∂v ]cntim[n°phm≥ nba]meItcbpw ]´mftØbpw ntbmKnt°≠ Bhiyap≠mbncp∂n√. Iqcncp´ns‚ adhn¬ t]mepw ]S®hs `b∂v Xn∑Ifn¬ n∂v amdn n∂v clkyPohnXØnepw hnip≤n ]men® almampjn-Ifmbn Pohn®v Ah¿ amXrIbmbXv AXpsIm≠mbncp∂p. A[acn¬ A[acmbncp∂ Hcp PX DØacn¬ DØacmbn D∂X-ß-fn- te°v Db¿∂Xv hnizmkØns‚ ASnØdbn¬ ]SpØp-b¿-Ø- s∏´ BZ¿iØns‚ h‡m°fmbXnmem-bncp∂p. XnI®pw A]cnjvIrXcpw A£c⁄man√mØ-hcpambncp∂ ImS≥ Ad_nIsf tIhew Ccp]Ønaq∂v h¿j߃sIm≠v aplΩZv
  13. 13. 20 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v _n k¿hXeßfnepw amXrIIfmIpw hn[w D∂XnbpsS tkm]mßfnseØn®-Xns‚ amkvacnIXsb Ipdn®v Ncn{XsØ kXyk‘ambn kao]n® ]ecpw A¤pXw Iqdnbn´p≠v. F∂m¬ hnizmkmZ¿ißfn¬ {i≤n°mØtXm hnIe- hnizm-k߃ ssIapXem°nbtXm Bb kaql-ß-fn¬ Xn∑bpsS Xncbnf°w k¿hkm[mcWamWv. AhnSßfnse `cWIqSßfpw nba]meIcpw F{XXs∂ i‡cmbmepw nbaØns‚ ]gpXpIfneqsS Xn∑Ifnte°v Acn®n-dßp-∂-h- cpsS FÆw h¿[n®phcp∂Xv ImWmw. kwkvIrX-sc∂-hIm- is∏Sp∂ B[pnI kaqlßfpsS ÿnXnKXnIƒ hnebn-cp- Øp∂ B¿°paXv ImWmm-hp∂XmWv. sIm≈bpsSbpw sXΩmSnØßfpsSbpw ISpØa p-ambn kaqlØn¬ hf¿∂ph∂ ]ecpw, a nte°v icnbmb hnizmkØns‚ {]Imiw IS∂psN∂t∏mƒ ∑bpsSbpw ImcpWyØns‚bpw h‰mØ ocpdhIfmbn amdnbXnv CkvemanI Ncn{XØn¬ FºmSpw DZml-cWßfp≠v. Jeo^ Da¿ s‚ Ncn{Xw AXn¬ H∂p-am{XamWv. B[nImcnIX hnizmkw AXn{][mamsW∂v ]dbptºmƒ Xs∂ AtXmsSm∏w icnbmb hnizmkw FhnsS n∂mWv kzoI- cnt°≠Xv F∂ hnjbhpw kPoh N¿®°v hnt[bam- t°≠Xp≠v. hnizmksa∂t]cn¬ ]cs° Adnbs∏Sp∂-Xpw kaqlØn¬ {]Ncn®n´p≈Xpamb Imcy߃ icnbmb hnizmkw Xs∂bmtWmsb∂v ]tim[nt°≠Xp≠v. hnizmkImcy߃ apjycpsS KthjW ]cntim[-IfpsS ]cn[nIƒ°∏pdØp≈ C{μnbmXoX Imcyßfmb-Xnm¬ kXyssZhØn¬ n∂p≈ Ip‰a‰ t{kmX pI-fn¬ n∂p≈ icnbmb ktμi߃ am{Xta XZznjbI-ambn kzoIcn°m≥ ]mSp≈q. ssZhsØ Ipdn®pw ssZhn-Im[ym]ßsf Ipdn®pw Dulmt]mlßfpsS ASn-ÿmØn¬ h√Xpw ]db¬ hºn® ]mXIhpw ssZh-Øns‚ t]cn¬ Ifhv {]Ncn∏n°ep-am-bn-cn-
  14. 14. 21Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v °pw. AXv hntcm[n®psIm≠v A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""]dbpI: Fs‚ c£nXmhv njn≤am°nbn´p≈Xv {]Xy£ambXpw ]tcm- £ambXpamb oNhrØnIfpw, A[¿ahpw, ymbw IqSmsX- bp≈ Itø‰hpw, bmsXmcp {]amWhpw A√mlp Cd°n-Ø- ∂n´n√mØXns AhtmSv n߃ ]¶ptN¿°p-∂-Xpw, A√mlphns‚ t]cn¬ n߃°p hnhcan√mØXv n߃ ]d™p≠m°p∂Xpw am{XamWv.'' (7:33) ""nßfpsS mhpIƒ hntijn∏n°p∂Xns‚ ASnÿm- Øn¬ CXv AphZobamWv, CXv njn≤amWv. F∂nßs I≈w ]dbcpXv. n߃ A√mlphns‚ t]cn-¬ I≈w sI´n®abv°pIbs{X (AXns‚ ^ew). A√mlp-hns‚ t]cn¬ I≈w sI´n®abv°p∂h¿ hnPbn°pIbn√; Xo¿®.''(16:116) AØcw hymP{]kvXmhIsf XnI®pw ss]imNnI- sa∂mWv Izp¿B≥ hntijn∏n°p∂Xv. ""apjytc, `qanbn- ep≈Xn¬ n∂v AphZobhpw, hninjvShpambXv n߃ `£n®v sIm≈pI. ]nimNns‚ ImeSnIsf n߃ ]n¥pScm- Xncn-°pIbpw sNøpI. Ah≥ nßfpsS {]Xy£ i{Xp Xs∂bmIp∂p. ZpjvIrXyßfnepw oNhrØnIfn-epw G¿s]- Sphmpw, A√mlphns‚ t]cn¬ n߃°dn-™pIqSmØXv ]d™p--≠m°phmpamWv Ah≥ nßtfmSv I¬]n°p∂Xv.'' (2:168,169) aXØn¬ AXncphnSpIbpw ]eXcØnep≈ ]nghpI-fnte°v hgpXnt∏mhpIbpw sNbvX PqX˛ss{IkvXhsc Izp¿B≥ DZvt_m-[n∏n°p∂Xv ImWpI. ""thZ°mtc, n߃ aXImcy- Øn¬ AXncpIhnbcpXv. A√mlphns‚ t]cn¬ hmkvXh- a√msX n߃ ]dbpIbpw sNøcpXv. a¿bans‚ aImb akolv Cukm A√mlphns‚ ZqXpw, a¿bante°v Ah≥ C´psImSpØ Ahs‚ hNhpw, Ah¶¬ n∂p≈ Hcp BXvamhpw am{XamIp∂p. AXvsIm-≠v n߃ A√mlphnepw Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw hnizkn°pI. {XnXzw F∂ hm°v n߃ ]dbcpXv. nß-fpsS ∑bv°mbn n߃ (CXn¬ n∂v) hncan°pI. A√mlp GI Bcm[y≥ am{XamIp∂p. Xn°v
  15. 15. 22 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Hcp k¥map≠mbncn°pI F∂Xn¬ n∂v Ahs-{Xtbm ]cnip≤s{X. BImißfnep≈Xpw `qanbnep≈Xpsa-√mw Ahs‚XmIp∂p. ssIImcyI¿Ømhmbn A√mlp Xs∂ aXn.'' (4;171) ssZhØns‚ KpWhntijWßsf Ipdn®v apjy¿ KthjWw SØn ssZhw Bcmbncn°Wsa∂v Xocpam- n°p∂Xv ssZhtØ°mƒ henb ssZhwNabp∂ XcØn-ep≈ [n°mchpw Atßb‰sØ h¶Øhpambncn°pw. ImcWw ]Zm- ¿Y-ßfpsS {kjvSmhmb ssZh-sØ-°pdn®v ]Zm¿YtemIØv _‘nXmb apjy≥ Xs‚ t∂ ]cn-an-X-amb _p≤nbpw Adnhpap]tbmKn®v Kth-jWw SØp∂Xv F¥vam{Xw _p≤niqyXb√! AhnsSbmWv XØzimkv{X°mcpsSbpw hNimkv{X- ⁄cpsSbpw hnSphmbnØßfpsS nc¿YIXIƒ mw Xncn®dntb≠Xv. Aßs km£m¬ ssZhsØ°pdn®v kXyk‘ambn Adnbm≥ {ian°ptºmƒ ssZhw Xs∂°p- dn®v Fs¥ms° ]d™pX∂psh∂pw Ahs‚ kXyZqX-∑m¿ Fs¥√mamWv ]d™pX∂sX∂pamWv mw Atz-jnt°≠Xv. kXy{]hmNI∑mcpw AhcpsS kXyk‘cmb ApN- c∑mcpw Fßs ssZhsØ°pdn®v ]Tn∏n®pthm B cq]Øn¬ mw Ahs AdnbpIbpw Dƒs°m≈pIbpw sNøpI-sb-∂- Xm-Wv Ip‰a‰Xpw kpc£nXhpamb GI-am¿Kw. A√mlp ]dbp∂p ""A√mlp bmsXmcp k¥msØ-bpw kzoIcn®n´n√. AhtmsSm∏w bmsXmcp ssZhhpap-≠mbn´n√. Aßsbmbncp∂psh¶n¬ Hmtcm ssZhhpw Xm≥ krjvSn®Xpambn t]mbn°fbpIbpw, Ahcn¬ Nne¿ Nnesc ASn-®a¿ØpIbpw sNøpambncp∂p. Ah¿ ]d™p-≠m-°p-∂- Xn-¬ ns∂√mw A√mlp F{X ]cnip≤≥!'' (23:91) ""Xm√msX bmsXmcp Bcm[ypan√mØhmb A√m- lphmWh≥. AZriyhpw Zriyhpw Adnbp∂hmIp∂p Ah≥. Ah≥ ]caImcpWnIpw IcpWmn[nbpamIp∂p. Xm√msX bmsXmcp Bcm[ypan√mØhmb A√mlp-hmWh≥. cmPm-
  16. 16. 23Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v [n-Imcap≈hpw ]ca]cnip≤pw kam-[mw ¬Ip∂hpw A`bw ¬Ip∂hpw ta¬tm´w hln°p∂hpw {]Xm- ]nbpw ]cam[nImcnbpw alXzap-≈hpw BIp∂p Ah≥. Ah¿ ]¶ptN¿°p∂Xn¬ ns∂√mw A√mlp F{Xtbm ]cnip≤≥! {kjvSmhpw n¿amXmhpw cq]w ¬Ip∂hpamb A√mlp-hs{X Ah-≥. Ahv G‰hpw DØaamb maßfp≠v. BImi-ß-fnepw `qanbnep≈h Ahs‚ alXzsØ {]Io¿Øn°p∂p. Ahs{X {]Xm]nbpw bp‡nampw.'' (59;22˛24) t{kmX pIfpw kao]hpw ssZhnIsa∂v kzbw AhImis∏SpIbpw AXns‚ B[n- Im-cnIX°v nch[n sXfnhpIƒ ncØpIbpw sNøp∂ hnip- ≤Izp¿Bpw, AXns kz¥w PohnXØn-eqsS {]tbmK-h¬- °-cn®v ImWn® A¥y{]hmNI≥ aplΩZv _n bpsS PohnXw AYhm _nNcy(kp∂Øv)bpamWv ssZhnI aX-Øn- s‚˛-GXpImcyØnep-sa∂-t]m-se˛hnizm-kImcyß-fdnbmp≈ icnbmb t{kmX pIƒ. Izp¿Bns‚bpw kp∂Øns‚bpw hmIy߃ kz¥-amb Xm¬]cy߃°pw Bib߃°pw th≠n Zp¿hym-Jym-n- °s∏Sp∂ kmlNcyßfp≠mIpsa∂XpsIm-≠pXs∂ B {]amWßsf Fßs kao]n°Wsa∂pw _n DW¿-Øn- bn-´p-≠v. AXmbXv, _n ]Tn∏n®X-pkcn®v aXsØ Adn- bp-I-bpw {]tbmKh¬°cn°pIbpw sNbvXv A√mlphns‚bpw {]hmNI s‚bpw {]iw-kIƒ°¿lcmbnØo¿∂ {]hmNI- injy-∑mcpsS ∑nd™ ]mX ]n¥pScpIsb∂XmWm n¿tZiw. {]kvXpX D]tZiapkcn®v aXm[ym-]ßfp-ƒ-s°m- ≈m≥ {ian°pIbmsW¶n¬ G‰hpw sXfnabm¿∂ kXyØn- te°pw AXphgn sFIyØnte°pw kmtlmZcyØnte-°pw ssZ-hnI ImcpWyØns‚ {]hnime-amb kz¿K temIØn-te- °pw FØm≥ km[n°p∂XmWv. AX√msX I£nXz-Ønte- t°m hy‡nXm¬]cyßfntet°m A√ Ckvemw sΩ £Wn°p∂Xv.
  17. 17. 24 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""kXyhnizmknItf, n߃ A√mlpsh Apkcn°pI. (A√mlphns‚ ZqXsbpw nßfn¬ n∂p≈ ssIImcyI¿Øm°sfbpw Apkcn-°pI. Cn h√ ImcyØnepw n߃°nSbn¬ `n∂n∏p≠m-IpIbmsW¶n¬ nßfXv A√mlphnte°pw dkqente-°pw aS°pI. n߃ A√mlphnepw A¥y-ZnØnepw hnizkn°p∂psh¶n¬ (AXmWv th≠Xv) AXmWv DØahpw IqSpX¬ √ ]cyhkmap≈Xpw.'' (4:59)
  18. 18. A√mlphnep≈ hnizmkw hnizmk Imcyßfn¬ H∂matØXv A√mlphnep≈ hn-izmkamIp∂p. AXn-¬ {][mambpw Dt±in°s∏Sp∂ ImcyßfmWv NphsS hnhcn°p∂Xv. 1. A√mlphns‚ AkvXnXzw AwKoIcn°¬ A√mlphns‚ AkvXnXzØnte°v hnc¬Nq≠p∂ H´- -h[n ZrjvSm¥ßƒ {]]©{kjvSmhv ChnsS kwhn- [m-n®n´p≠v. ]S®hs Adnbmpw Ahs‚ i-‡n-˛am- lm-fly߃ {Kln°mpw AXv apjys klmbn-°p- ∂-XmWv. kqcy˛-N{μmZn £{Xßtfbpw cm]IepIfpsS am-‰ßsfbpsams° Ipdn®v Nn¥n°m-pw ZrjvSm¥ßƒ {Kln°mpw Izp¿B≥ apjycmintbmSv Bhiy-s∏-Sp- ∂p≠v. ""Xo¿®bmbpw BImißfpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw kr- jv-Sn--bn-epw, cm]IepIƒ amdn amdn hcp∂Xnepw k¬-_p- ≤n-bp≈h¿°v ]e ZrjvSm¥-ß-fp-ap≠v.'' (3:190) ""BImi`qanIfpsS krjvSn∏nepw, cm]IepIfpsS am‰- Øn-epw, apjy¿°v D]Imcap≈ hkvXp°fpambn IS- en-eqsS k©cn-°p∂ I∏enepw, BImiØv n∂v 2 A[ymbw
  19. 19. 26 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp ag sNmcn-™p-X∂n´v n¿PohmhkvYbv°p tijw `qan-°v AXp aptJ Poh≥ ¬InbXnepw, `qanbn¬ F√mXcw P¥p-h¿Kßsfbpw hym]n-∏n-®Xnepw, Im‰pIfpsS KXn-{I-a- Ønepw, BImi-`qanIƒ°nSbneqsS nb{¥n®v bn°s∏Sp∂ taL-Ønepw Nn¥n-°p∂ P߃°v ]e ZrjvSm¥ßfpap≠v; Xo¿®.'' (2:164) Cu temIØv apjyv ]pdsa ktNXhpw AtNXhpamb H´h[n krjvSnIfp≠v. GItImiPohnbmb Aao_ apX¬ BbpsS ]Xn∑Sßv hen∏-ap≈ oeØnanwKew hsc [mcmfw PohPme߃. apjyS°ap≈ Cu Poh-Pme-ßsf BcmWv ]S®p≠m°nbXv? iqyXbn¬ n∂v h√Xpw D≠m-Iptam? apjys krjvSn®Xv Ahs‚ amXm]nXm°fmsW∂v ]dbm≥ km[n°p-Ibn√. amXm]nXm°ƒ hnNmcn°p∂ hn[Øne√ Ahs‚ Pw. AXs√¶n¬ Zriy{]]-©Ønse a‰msc¶nepamsW∂v IcpXphmpw n¿hmlan√. Ah≥ bmZr—nIambp≠mbp≠mbXmsW∂v ]dbphmpw _p≤nbpw t_m[hpap≈ Hcmƒ°v km[n°pIbn√. Imc-Ww GsXmcp hkvXphnpw I¿aØnpw AXnv ]n∂n¬ Hcp kq{X[mc≥ Anhmcy-amWv. ""AX√, bmsXmcp hkvXphn¬ n∂pa√msX Ah¿ krjvSn- °-s∏´ncn°pIbm-tWm? AX√, Ah¿ Xs∂bm-tWm {kjvSm- °ƒ? AX√, AhcmtWm BImiß-fpw `qan-bpw krjvSn®n- cn°p-∂Xv? A√, Ah¿ ZrVambn hnizkn-°p∂n√. AX√, Ah- cpsS ]°emtWm ns‚ c£nXmhn-s‚ JPmhpIƒ! AX√, Ah-cm-tWm A[nImcw SØp-∂h¿?'' (52:35-˛37) C{X IWnihpw kq£vahpamb {]]©hpw AXnse {]Xn`m- kß-fpw krjvSnPmeßfpw bmZr—nIambp≠m-bXmWv F∂v Icp-Xp∂Xns°mƒ henb hnUvVnØhpw A‘hnizmkhpw thsd-bpt≠m F∂Xv kwibamWv. _p≤nbpw hnthIhpap≈ apjytmSv Izp¿B≥ tNmZn- °p∂p.
  20. 20. 27Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""apjy≥ {]kvXmhyamb Hcp hkvXpth Bbncp-∂n√mØ Hcp ImeL´w Ahs‚ ta¬ Ign™pt]mbn´p-t≠m? IqSn-t®¿- ∂p-≠mb Hcp _oPØn¬ n∂v Xo¿®bm-bpw mw apjys krjvSn-®ncn°p∂p. mw Ahs ]co-£n°p-hm-m-bn´v. Aßs Ahs mw tIƒhnbp≈hpw ImgvN-bp≈-hp-am-°nbn-cn-°p- ∂p.'' (76:1˛2) [n°mctØmSpw XnI™ Al¶mctØmSpw IqSnb√m-sX oXnt_m[ap≈ B¿°mWv kXyk‘ambn CXns ntj[n°m≥ km[n°pI? 2. A√mlphns‚ GIXzw AkvXnXzØnepw AhImißfnepw KpWhntijW- ßfnepsa√mw A√mlp GIpw AZznXobpamWv. Hcp henb ssZhhpw AXnv Xmsg Iptd Ip´nssZhßfpw F∂ k¶¬]w Ckvemw AwKoIcn°p∂n√. A{]Imcw Xs∂ Hmtcm Imcy߃°pw Hmtcm ssZhw F∂ _lpssZhk¶-¬]hpw CkvemanyamWv. F√mw ]S®v ]cn]men°p∂ k¿hi‡pw IcpWmhmcn[nbpamb A√mlp am{XamWv Bcm[°¿l≥ F∂mWv Ckvemw ]Tn∏n°p∂Xv. ""Ah-tmSp≈Xpam{XamWv ymbamb {]m¿Y. Ah∂p ]pdsa BtcmsS√mw Ah¿ {]m¿Yn®v sIm≠ncn°p∂pthm Ah- cm-cpw Ah¿°v bmsXmcp DØchpw ¬Ip∂X√. sh≈w Xs‚ hmbn¬ (Xnsb) hs∂Øm≥ th≠n Xs‚ CcpssI- Ifpw AXns‚ tsc o´n°mWn°p∂hst∏mse am{Xam- Ip∂p Ah¿. AXv (sh≈w) hmbn¬ hs∂ØpI-bn√t√m. kXy- n-tj[nIfpsS {]m¿Y jvSØn¬ Xs∂bmIp∂p.'' (13:14) hymPssZhßfpsS Zu¿_eyw Hcp D]abneqsS Izp¿B-≥ hnhcn°p∂Xv ImWpI. ""apjytc, Hcp DZmlcWanXm hnhcn°s∏Sp∂p. n߃ AXv {i≤n®p tIƒ°pI. Xo¿®-bmbpw A√mlphnv ]pdsa n߃ hnfn®p {]m¿-Yn°p-∂h¿ Hcp Cu®sbt∏mepw krjvSn°pIbn√. AXn∂mbn Ahsc√mhcpw HØptN¿∂m¬ t]mepw. Cu® AhcpsS ]°¬ n∂v h√Xpw X´nsbSpØm¬
  21. 21. 28 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v AXns‚ ]°¬ n∂v AXv tamNn∏ns®Sp°mpw Ah¿°v Ignbn√. At]£n°p-∂hpw At]£n°s∏Sp∂hpw Zp¿_e¿ Xs∂.'' (22:73) {]m]©nI {]Xn`mkßfnse IrXyXbpw IWniXbpw Ah°nSbnse Xmfs∏mcpØhpw GIo`mhhpsa√mw {]]©{kjvSmhpw ]cn]meIpamb A√mlphns‚ GIXzsØbmWv hnfn®dnbn°p∂Xv. ""BImi`qanIfn¬ A√mlph√mØ h√ ssZhßfp-ap≠m- bncp-∂psh¶n¬ AXv c≠pw XIcmdmIpambncp∂p. At∏mƒ knwlmk-Øns‚ mYmb A√mlp, Ah¿ ]d™p-≠m°p- ∂Xn¬ ns∂√mw F{X ]cnip≤mIp∂p!'' (21:22) A√mlphns‚ GIXzw AYhm XuloZv {][mambpw aq∂v Xeßsf kv]¿in°p∂p. 1. krjvSnI¿XrXzØnse GIXzw (XuloZpdp_q-_nø): k¿h NcmNcßfpsSbpw {kjvSmhpw nb¥mhpw DSaÿpw A√mlp am{XamsW∂v AwKoIcn°em- Wv CXns‚ Xm¬]cyw. Ahcnte°v ntbmKn°s∏´ ZqX∑m¿ ]d™p: ""BImißfpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw krjvSn-I¿Ømhmb A√mlp--hns‚ ImcyØnemtWm kwibap≈Xv? nßfpsS ]m- ]-߃ n߃°v s]mdpØpXcmpw, n¿WnXamb Hcp Ah- [n hsc n߃°v kabw o´nØcphmpambn Ah≥ nßsf £Wn°p∂p. Ah¿ (P߃) ]d™p: n߃ Rßsf-t∏m- se-bp≈ apjy¿ am{XamIp∂p. RßfpsS ]nXm°ƒ Bcm- [n®v hcp∂Xn¬ n∂p Rßsf ]n¥ncn∏n°mmWv n߃ Dt±-in-°p∂Xv. AXnm¬ hyIvXamb h√ tcJbpw n߃ R߃°v sIm≠v h∂p-Xcq''.-(14:10) A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""apjytc, A√mlp n߃°v sNbvX Ap{Klw n߃ Hm¿an°pI. BImiØv n∂pw `qanbn¬ n∂pw n߃°v D]Pohw ¬Im≥ A√mlp-h√mØ h√ {kjvSmhpapt≠m? Ah√msX bmsXmcp ssZ-hhpan√. At∏mƒ n߃ FßsbmWv sX‰n°-s∏Sp∂Xv?'' (35:3)
  22. 22. 29Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v 2. Bcm[yXbnse GIXzw (XuloZp¬ Deqlnø): A√mlp am{XamWv k¿hhn[ Bcm[Iƒ°pw A¿l≥. Bcm[bpsS bmsXmcwihpw Ah√mØ B¿°pw A¿]n®p IqSm F∂XmWv CXp sIm≠pt±in°p∂Xv. ""nßfpsS c£nXmhv ]d™ncn°p∂p: n߃ Ft∂mSv {]m¿Yn°q. Rm≥ n߃°v DØcw ¬Imw. Fs∂ Bcm- [n°msX Al¶mcw Sn°p∂hcmtcm Ah¿ hgnsb nμy- cmbns°m≠v cIØn¬ {]thin°p∂XmWv; Xo¿®.'' (40:60) ""]≈nIƒ A√mlphn∂p≈XmIp∂p. AXnm¬ n߃ A√mlpthmsSm∏w Bscbpw hnfn®v {]m¿Yn°cpXv F∂pw.'' (72:18) Ckvemw ]Tn∏n°p∂ Bcm[IfpsS (C_mZØv) C- ßfn¬ s]´ {]m¿Y, icWw tXS¬, t¿®, _en, ad™ cq]Ønep≈ `bw XpSßn bmsXm∂pw A√mlph√mØ-htcmSv ]mSp≈X√. AsXms°bpw alm]m]hpw kz¿Kw njn≤-am- °n-Øo¿°p∂ A]cm[hpamWv. ""a¿bans‚ aI-≥ akolv Xs∂-bmWv A√mlp F∂v ]d™h¿ Xo¿®bm-bpw Ahnizmkn-Ifm-bncn°p∂p. F∂m¬ akolv ]d™Xv; C{kmbo¬ k¥-XnItf, Fs‚bpw nßfp- sSbpw c£nXm-hmb A√mlpsh n߃ Bcm[n°phn≥. A√mlpthmSv h√hpw ]¶ptN¿-°p-∂ ]£w Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp Ah∂v kz¿Kw njn≤am-°p-∂-XmWv. cIw Ahs‚ hmk-kvYeambncn°pIbpw sNøpw. A{IanIƒ°v klmbnI- fmbn Bcpw Xs∂bn√. F∂mWv.'' (5:72) ""Xt∂mSv ]¶ptN¿°s∏Sp∂Xv A√mlp Hcn°epw s]mdp°pIbn√. AsXmgn®p≈sX√mw Ah≥ Dt±in°p∂- h¿°v Ah≥ s]mdpØpsImSp°p∂XmWv. B¿ A√mlp-thmSv ]¶ptN¿Øpthm Ah≥ Xo¿®bmbpw KpcpXcamb Hcp Ip‰IrXyamWv Na®p≠m°nbncn°p∂Xv.'' (4:48) hnip≤ Izp¿Bnse BZy I¬] GIssZhmcm[ (Xu- lo-Zv)-sb Ipdn®pw (2:21), BZy hne°v _lpssZhm-cm-[--sb Ipdn®pw(2:22) BsW∂Xv {it≤bamWv. A√m-lp Ab® kIe
  23. 23. 30 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ZqX∑mcpw Ime˛tZi hyXymkan√msX {]Yahpw {][m-hp- ambn AhcpsS PXItfmSpZvt_m-[n∏n®p sIm≠ncp∂Xv Cu alØmb BZ¿iambncp∂p. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Rm√msX bmsXmcp ssZhhpan√. AXn-m¬ Fs∂ n߃ Bcm[n°q F∂v t_m[w ¬In- s°m-≠√msX n°v apºv Hcp ZqXsbpw mw Ab-®n´n√.'' (21:25) 3. ma˛hntijWØnse AZznXobX (XuloZp¬ AkvamC hkzn^mØv): A√mlphpw {]hmNIpw A√m-lp-hns Ipdn®dnbn® k¿h hntijWßfpw maßfpw bmsXm-cp t`ZKXnbpw ntj[hpw hymJymhpw D]abpw kmZr-iys∏-SpØ-epsam∂pw IqSmsX AwKoIcn°pI F∂-XmWv CXns‚ hnh£. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""BImißfpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw {k- jvSm-hmIp∂p (Ah≥.) n߃°v th≠n nßfpsS h¿K-Øn- ¬ n∂p Xs∂ Ah≥ CWIsf (D≠m°nØ-∂ncn°p∂p.) A- Xn--eqsS nßsf Ah≥ krjvSn®v h¿[n∏n-°p∂p. Ahv Xpey- ambn bmsXm∂pan√. Ah≥ F√mw ImWp∂hpw F√mw tIƒ- °p-∂hpamIp∂p. BImiß-fpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw Xmt°m- ep-Iƒ Ahs‚ A[oØn-em-Ip∂p. Ah≥ Dt±in-°p-∂-h-¿°v D]-Pohw Ah≥ hnim-e-am-°p∂p. (a‰p≈h¿°v) Ah≥ AXv CSpßn-bXm-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ GXv Imcy- sØ-∏‰nbpw Adnhp≈hmIp∂p.'' (42:11˛12) ]Zm¿YßfpsS {kjvSm-hmb ]S® Xºpcms apjy-s‚ Nn-¥-I-ƒ°pw `mhIƒ°papkcn®v tImes∏SpØp-Ibpw Ah≥ kzbw ]cnNbs∏SpØnb Imcy߃°v t`Z-KXn hcp- Øp-Ibpw sNøpI F∂Xv XnI™ [n°mc-hpw AXn-{I-a- hpamWv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlphnv G‰hpw √ t]cpI-fp≠v. AXnm¬ B t]cpIfn¬ Ahs n߃ hnfn®p-sIm≈pI, Ahs‚ t]cpIfn¬ Ir{Xnaw ImWn°p∂hsc n߃ hn´p- If-bpI. Ah¿ sNbvXp hcp∂Xns‚ ^ew Ah¿°p hgnsb
  24. 24. 31Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ¬Is∏Spw.'' (7:180) A√m-lp-hns ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØn sIm≠v Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlp ˛ Ah√msX ssZhan√. Fs∂∂pw Pohn-®ncn-°p- ∂-h≥. F√mw nb{¥n°p∂h≥. ab°tam Dd°-tam Ahs _m[n°pIbn√. Ahs‚XmWv BImi`qanI-fnep≈sX√mw. Ahs‚ AphmZ{]Imca√msX Ahs‚-bSp°¬ ip]m¿i SØmmcp≠v? AhcpsS apºnep≈-Xpw Ah¿°v ]n∂nep-≈- Xpw Ah≥ Adnbp∂p. Ahs‚ Adnhn¬ n∂v Ah≥ CNvOn- °p-∂X√msX (as‰m∂pw) Ah¿°v kq£vaambn Adnbm≥ Ignbn√. Ahs‚ A[nIm-c]oTw BImi`qanIsf apgph≥ Dƒ-sIm- ≈p∂XmIp∂p. AhbpsS kwc£Ww Ah∂v H´pw `mcap≈X√. Ah≥ D∂Xpw almpas{X.'' (2:255) ""(_ntb,) ]dbpI: Imcyw A√mlp GImWv F∂-XmIp∂p. A√mlp Gh¿°pw B{ibambn´p≈hmIp∂p. Ah≥ (B¿°pw) P∑w ¬Inbn´n√. (BcpsSbpw k¥-Xnbmbn) Pn®n´pan√. Ah∂v Xpeymbn Bcpw C√Xm-pw'' (112:1˛4) A√mlphnep≈ hnizmkØns‚ XpS¿®bpw ]q¿Øo- IcWhpamWv Ckvemanse a‰v hnizmk Imcy߃. AXn-m¬ BZyambn icns∏SpØn Dd∏nt°≠Xpw C°mcyw Xs∂bmWv. k¿hi‡mb A√mlp AXnv sΩ XpW°s´! Bao≥.
  25. 25. ae-°p-I-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw A√m-lp-hns‚ krjvSn-I-fn¬ ap°v ImWm-hp-∂-hbpw AZr-iy-tem-I-Øp-≈-hbpap≠v. AZr-iy-amWv F∂-Xp-sIm- ≠p-am{Xw AØcw kwK-Xn-Isf ntj-[n-°m-h-X-√. ad- ™-Im-cy-ß-fn¬ hniz-kn-°p-∂p-sh∂Xv kXy-hn-izm-kn- I-fpsS D¬Ir-jvS-Kp-W-ambn A√mlp FSp-Øp-]-d-™Xv {it≤-b-am-Wv. ""AZriyImcyß-fn¬ hnizkn°pIbpw, {]m¿Y AYhm akvImcw apd{]Imcw n¿hln°pI-bpw, mw ¬-Inb kºØn¬ n∂v sNehgn°pIbpw, n°pw ns‚ ap≥Kman-Iƒ°pw ¬Is∏´ ktμiØn¬ hniz- kn°pIbpw, ]ctemIØn¬ ZrVambn hnizkn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂hcs{X Ah¿ (kq£vaX ]men°p∂h¿)'' (2:3). AXn-m¬ AØcw ad-™-Im-cy-ßsf (ssK-_v) ntj- [n-°¬ kXyntj-[hpw Ahn-izm-khpw (Ip-^v¿) BWv. ad™ Imcy-߃ ap-°-dn-bm-p≈ t{km-X v ]cn-ip≤ Izp¿Bpw {]hm-NI hN--ß-fp-am-Wv. Ah-bn-eqsS ÿnc- s∏´ bmsXm∂pw Hcp apkven-anv ntj-[n-°m≥ ]mSp-≈- X-√. 3 A[ymbw
  26. 26. 33Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""kXyhnizmksØ Bsc¶nepw X≈n°fbp∂ ]£w Ahs‚ I¿Ωw njv^eambn°gn™p. ]ctemIØv Ah≥ jvSw ]‰nbhcpsS Iq´Øne-m-bn-cn-°p- Ibpw sNøpw.'' (5:5) ""kXyhnizmknItf, A√mlphnepw, Ahs‚ ZqXnepw, Ahs‚ ZqX∂v Ah-≥ AhXcn∏n® {KŸØnepw apºv Ah≥ AhXcn∏n® {KŸØnepw n߃ hniz-kn°phn≥. A√mlp- hnepw, Ahs‚ ae°pIfnepw, Ahs‚ {KŸßfnepw Ahs‚ ZqX-∑mcnepw, A¥yZnØnepw h√hpw Ahnizkn°p∂ ]£w Xo¿-®bmbpw Ah≥ _lpZqcw ]ng®p t]mbncn°p∂p.'' (4:136) ae-°p-Iƒ A√m-lp-hns‚ AZr-iy-tem-IsØ krjvSn-I-fmWv. Ah-sc-Ip-dn®v Izp¿-Bpw {]hm-N-I-h-N--ßfpw ]d-™p-X-∂-h- sb√mw kXy-s∏-SpØn AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ hni-zm-kn-Iƒ _m[y- ÿ-cm-Wv. F∂m¬ Izp¿-Bpw kp∂Øpw Adn-bn-®-Xn--∏pdw kz¥w `mh--I-fn¬ ]nd-hn-sb-SpØ Nne Bi-b-ßsf ae-°p- I-sf∂ t]cn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Nne¿ {ian-°mdp-≠v. ap-jy- a-- ns‚ ∑-IfpsS `mhßsf ae-°p-I-fmbpw Xn∑-I-fpsS `mh- ßsf ]nim-Np-°-fmbpw Nn{Xo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ AØcw hymJym Ik¿Øp-Iƒs°m∂pw Ckvem-anI {]am-W-ß-fpsS ]n≥_-e-an-√. hnizm-kn-I-fpsS c£m-a-{¥-sa∂ nebn¬ {]tXyIw ]mcm- bWw sNøm≥ _n n¿tZ-in® c≠v kq‡-ß-fmWv hnip≤ Izp¿-B-nse c≠mw A≤ym-b-Ønse 285, 286 hN--߃. ae- °p-I-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw {]kvXpX kq‡-Øn¬ FSp-Øp-]-d-bp- ∂Xv {it≤-b-am-Wv. ae-°p-I-fpsS krjvSn-∏v, cq]w, hnti-j-W-߃, {]h¿Ø-- ߃, t]cp-Iƒ XpSßn Izp¿-Bpw kp∂Øpw Adn-bn® k¿h- Im-cy-ßfpw ae-°p-I-fn-ep≈ hnizm-k-Øns‚ `mK-ambn mw Adn- bpI-bpw kXy-s∏-SpØn AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠-h-bm-Wv. krjvSn-∏v ap-jy-cn¬ n∂v hyXy-kvX-amWv ae-°p-IfpsS krjvSn-∏v.
  27. 27. 34 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v _n ]d-bp∂p: ""ae-°p-Iƒ {]Im-i-Øm¬ krjvSn-°-s∏-´n- cn-°p-∂p. Pn∂p-Iƒ XoPzm-e-bn¬ n∂pw ap-jy¿ n߃°v hnh-cn-®p-X-∂-Xn¬ n∂pw (A-Yhm, aÆn¬ n∂v) krjvSn-°-s∏- ´n-cn-°p∂p. (ap-kvenw) ap°v FÆn-°-W-°m-°m≥ Ign-bm-Ø{X AkwJyw ae- °p-I-fp-≠v. _n bpsS nim-bm-{X(Ckvdm-Av)°p tij-ap- ≠mb BIm-im-tcm-l-W-Øn¬(-an-AvdmPv) I≠ Imgv®-Iƒ hnh- cn-°p∂ Iq´-Øn¬ _n ]d-bp∂p: ""ss_Øp¬ aAvaq¿ F-∂ hm-tem-IsØ ae-°p-I-fpsS Bcm-[-m-e-b-Øn¬ Hmtcm- Zn-h-k-hpw Fgp-]-Xn-m-bncw ae-°p-Iƒ a-kvI-cn-°p-∂p. AXn¬ n∂v ]pdØp IS-∂-h¿ ]n∂o-S-hn-tS°v Xncn-®p-t]m-hp-I-bn-√.'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw) A{]-Imcw Xs∂ c-I-sØ-Ip-dn®v hnh-cn-°sh _n ]d- ™p: ""c-I-Ønv Fgp-]-Xn-m-bncw Nß-e-I-fp-≠v. Hmtcm Nß- e-tbm-sSm-∏hpw Fgp-]-Xn-m-bncw ae-°p-I-fpw. Ah¿ AXns hen-®p-sIm-≠p-hcpw'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw) A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""cIØns‚ ta¬tm´°mcmbn mw ae°pIsf am{XamWv nivNbn®ncn°p∂Xv. AhcpsS FÆsØ mw kXyntj[nIƒ°v Hcp ]co£Ww am{X-am- °n-bncn°p∂p. thZw ¬Is∏´n´p≈h¿°v ZrVt_m-[yw hcp- hmpw kXyhnizmknIƒ°v hnizmkw h¿[n°m-pw thZw ¬Is∏´hcpw kXyhnizmknIfpw kwibØn-eIs∏-Sm-Xn-cn- °mpw A√mlp Fs¥mcp D]abmWv CXpsIm≠v Dt±-in-®n- ´p≈sX∂v lrZbßfn¬ tcmKap≈-hcpw kXyntj[nIfpw ]dbp-hmpw th≠nbs{X AXv. A{]Imcw A√mlp Xm≥ Dt±in-°p∂hsc ]ng∏n°pIbpw, Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂hsc t¿hgnbnem°pIbpw sNøp∂p. ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ sskyßsf Ah√msX a‰mcpw AdnbpIbn√. CXv apjy¿°v Hcp D¬t_m[a√msX as‰m∂pa√.'' (74:31) ae-°p-I-fpsS FÆw-t]m-se-X-s∂-bmWv hen-∏hpw Kmw`o-cy- hpw. ap°v Duln°m≥ Ign-bp-∂Xnpa∏pdamWXv. ae-°p-I- fnse {][m-n-bmb Pn_vco-en s At±-l-Øns‚ icnbmb
  28. 28. 35Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v cq]-Øn¬ I≠ cwKw _n C{]-Imcw hni-Zo-I-cn-°p∂p:-- -""Pn_vco-¬ v Adp-qdv Nnd-Ip-I-fp-≠v. Hmtcm NndIpw N{I- hm-fsØ ad-°p-∂{X hnim-e-am-Wv.'' as‰m-cn-°¬ _n ]d™p: ""knwlm-khml-I-cmb ae- °p-I-fn¬ Hcm-sf-Ip-dn®v ]d-bm≥ Fn°v Ap-hmZw ¬I-s∏- ´n-cn-°p-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ Hcp sNhn-ap-X¬ ]nc-Sn-h-sc-bp≈ AIew Hcp ]£n Fgp-qdv h¿jw ]d-°p-∂-{X hnim-e-am-Wv.'' (Xz-bm-en-kn) ae-°p-I-fpsS {]tXy-I-X-Isf Ipdn®v kqNn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v Izp¿- B≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWpI: ""BImißfpw `qanbpw krjvSn®p-≠m°n-bhpw c≠pw aq∂pw mepw NndIpIfp≈ ae°pIsf ZqX∑mcmbn ntbmKn®hpamb A√mlphnv kvXpXn. krjvSnbn¬ Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂Xv Ah≥ A[nI-am°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp GXv ImcyØnpw Ignhp-≈hmIp∂p.'' (35:1) Ch-sb√mw ad-™-tem-IsØ (ssK-_v) Imcy-ß-fm-b-Xn-m¬ ΩpsS ]cn-an-X-amb _p≤n-bp-sS-bpw bp‡n-I-fpsS-bpw IÆp-I- fn-eqsS Ahsb hne-bn-cp-ØpI km[y-a-√. hnizm-k-Im-cy-ß- sfm-s°bpw C{μo-bm-XoX Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. _p≤nbpw Nn¥-bp-am- I-s´ `uXn-I-amb ]Zm¿Y-tem-IsØ Ipdn®v am{Xta {]k-‡- am-hp-I-bp-≈q. CØcw Imcy-ß-sf-Ip-dn®v ]cn-an-X-amb ap-jy-- _p-≤n-sIm≠v Nn¥n-°p-hmtm nco-£W nK-a--ß-fn-se- Ømtm {ian-°p-∂Xv A_-≤-ß-fn-te°pw A]-I-S-ß-fn-te°pw am{Xta FØn-°p-I-bp-≈q. AYhm AØcw {ia-߃ XnI™ _p≤n-iq-y-X-bm-sW∂p kmcw. ae-°p-Isf Ipdn®v Adn-bp-∂-Xns‚ t´w H∂maXmbn, ae°pIsf Adnbepw Ah icnbmb cq]- Øn¬ AwKoIcn°epw Cuamns‚ (kXyhnizmkw) `mKam- Wv. icnbmb hnizmkw kzoIcn°msX Hcmƒ°v ]ctem-IØv c£ {]m]n°m≥ km[n°pIbns√∂v Izp¿B≥ Bh- ¿Øn®pW¿Ønbn´p≠v. AØc°mcpsS I¿a߃ t]mep- ah¿°p]Icn°pIbn√ (24:39). am{Xa√ {kjvSm-hmb A√m-
  29. 29. 36 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v lp-hns Adn-tb-≠-Xp-t]mse Adn-bm≥ Ahs‚ krjvSn-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ icn-bmb Adn-hn-eqsS km[n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""CsXms° A√mlphns‚ krjvSn-bm-Ip∂p. F∂m¬ Ah∂p ]pdsabp≈h¿ krjvSn®n´p≈Xv F¥msW∂v n߃ Fn°v ImWn®pXcq. A√, A{Ia-ImcnIƒ hy‡amb hgntISnemIp∂p.'' (31:11) k¿h-i-‡-mb A√m-lp-hns‚ i‡n-am-lm-fly-ßfpw krjvSn-ssh-`-h-ßfpw a- n-em-°n-Øc-p∂ hnh-c-W-ß-fmWv ae- °p-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ {]am-W-ß-fnse hniZo-I-cW-ß-fn¬ ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv. A{]-Imcw Xs∂ A√m-lp-hns‚ At- I-tImSn krjvS-n-I-fn¬ H∂p-am-{X-amb ap-jy-t-°mƒ henb A-h[n krjvSn-I-fp-s≠∂pw ap-jy≥ k¿hm-[n-]pw k¿h- i-‡-p-as√∂p-≈ Xncn-®-dnhpw hnbhpw, ae-°p-I-fpsS temIsØ Ipdn-®-dn-bp-∂-Xn-eqsS ap°v e`n-°p-∂p. Zriy-tem- IØv Xs∂-bp≈ Bbpw oe--Ønanw-K-ehpw ]¿h-X-ßfpw BIm-i-hpw kqcypw £-{X-ß-fp-sam-s° ap-jyt-°mƒ F{Xtbm `oam-Im-c-ßfm-Wv. F∂n´pw Ah-sbms° ]S-®-hv Iogvs]´v Ahs kvXpXn®pw {]Io¿Øn-®pw nbaimk--I-f- p-k-cn®pw Ncn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. ]s£, n m-c-mb ap- jy-mWv Al-¶m-c-Øn¬ ap≥]-¥n-bn¬. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""BImißfnep≈hcpw `qan- bnep≈hcpw, kqcypw N{μpw £{Xßfpw, ]¿ΔX-ßfpw hr£ßfpw P¥p°fpw, apjycn¬ Ipsdt]cpw A√mlphnv {]Wmaw A¿∏n®p sIm≠ncn°p∂p F∂v o I≠nt√? (thsd) Ipsd t]cpsS ImcyØn¬ in£ ÿnc-s∏SpIbpw sNbvXn-cn- °p∂p. A√mlp h√hsbpw A]am-nXm°p∂ ]£w Ahs _lpamn°phm≥ Bcpw Xs∂bn√. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂Xv sNøp∂p.'' (22:18) D¬Ir-jvS-cmb ae-°p-Ifpw Cu DØaKpW-߃°v A]-hm- Z-a-√. Ah¿ {]m¿Y--I-fnepw {]Io¿Ø-ß-fnepw Xs∂-bm- Wv.
  30. 30. 37Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw ns‚ c£nXm-hns‚ ASp°ep≈h¿ (ae°pIƒ) Ahs Bcm[n°p∂-Xns∏‰n Alw`mhw Sn°pIbn√. Ah¿ Ahs‚ alXzw {]Io¿Øn- °pI-bpw Ahs {]Wan°pIbpw sNbvXpsIm-≠ncn°p∂p.'' (7:206) t]cp-Ifpw tPmen-Ifpw ae-°p-I-fpsS Iq´-Øn¬ Izp¿-B-nepw lZo-Yn-ep-ambn t]cp- Iƒ ]cm-a¿in-°-s∏-´-hcpw A√m-Ø-h-cp-ap-≠v. Ahcn¬ Nne- cpsS tPmen-I-fpw {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw hni-Z-am-°-s∏-´n-´p-ap-≠v. ae-°p-I-fn¬ {][m-n-bmb Pn_vcoen s‚ {][m Npa-Xe ssZhnIktμ-i-߃ ZqX∑m¿°v FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°pI F∂-Xm- Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw CXv (Izp¿-B≥) temIc£nXmhv AhXcn∏n®Xv Xs∂bmIp∂p. hniz-kvXmflmhv (Pn_vco¬) AXpw sIm≠v Cdßnbncn°p∂p. ns‚ lrZbØn¬. o Xm°oXv ¬Ip∂hcpsS Iq´Øn-embn-cn- °phm≥ th≠nbs{X AXv.'' (26:192-˛194) ao°m-Cu-en v A√m-lp-hns‚ n¿tZ-i-a-p-k-cn®v ag-s]- øn-°epw kky-e-XmZ-n-Iƒ apf-∏n-°-ep-am-Wv. as‰mcp {][m-- s∏´ ae°v Ckvdm-^o¬ BWv. temIm-h-km--Øns‚ XpS°w Ipdn-®p-sIm≠v Iml-f-Øn¬ DuXp-∂Xv Ckvdm-^o¬ BWv. c-I-Øns‚ ta¬tm-´-°m-cmb ae-°p-I-fpsS tXrXzw amen- °n- m-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Ah¿ hnfn®p]dbpw; tl, amenIv! Xm- ¶-fpsS c£nXmhv RßfpsS ta¬ (acWw) hn[n°s´. A-t±- lw (amenIv) ]dbpw: n߃ (ChnsS) Xma-knt°≠h¿ Xs∂- bmIp∂p.'' (43:77) amen°v v ]pdsa cIImh¬°mcmbn thsdbpw ae- °pIfp≠v. ""kXyhnizmknItf, kztZlßsfbpw nßfp-sS _‘p-
  31. 31. 38 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v °-sfbpw apjycpw I√pIfpw C‘ambn´p≈ cIm-Kvn- bn¬ n∂v n߃ ImØpc£n°pI. AXns‚ ta¬tm´Ønv ]cpjkz`mhap≈hcpw AXni‡∑mcp-amb ae°pIfp-≠m-bn- cn-°pw. A√mlp AhtcmSv I¬]n® ImcyØn¬ AhtmSh¿ Ap-kcWt°Sv ImWn°pI-bn√. AhtcmSv I¬]n-°-s∏-Sp- ∂-Xv F¥pw Ah¿ {]h¿Øn-°pIbpw sNøpw.'' (66:6) kz¿K-Øn-p-ap≠v ta¬tm-´-°m-cmb ae-°p-Iƒ. F∂m-¬ Ah-cpsS t]cp-Iƒ {]am-W-ß-fn-eqsS ÿnc-s∏-´p-h-∂n-´n-√. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""XßfpsS c£nXmhns kq£n®p Pohn®h¿ kz¿KØnte°v Iq´wIq´ambn bn°s∏Spw. Aßs AXns‚ IhmS߃ Xqd∂v sh°s∏´ nebn¬ Ah¿ AXn∂SpØv hcptºmƒ AhtcmSv AXns‚ Imh-¬°m¿ ]dbpw: n߃°v kam[mw. n߃ kwip≤cm-bncn°p∂p. AXnm¬ nXyhmknIsf∂ nebn¬ n߃ AXn¬ {]thin®p sIm≈pI.'' (39:73) J_vdn¬ tNmZyw sNøp∂ c≠v ae-°p-I-fmWv ap≥I¿, Io¿ F∂n-h¿. F∂m¬ Bflmhv ]nSn-s®-SpØv ap-jysc acn-∏n- °p∂ tPmen-bp≈ ae-°ns‚ t]cv {]am-W-ß-fn-eqsS ÿnc- s∏-´p-h-∂n-´n-√. {]Ir-Xhpw {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw ae-°p-I-fpsS Nne D¬Ir-jvS kz-`m-h-߃ Ap-I-c-Wo-b-am- Wv. aSnbpw aSp-∏p-an-√mØ ÿntcm-’m-ln-Ifpw ITn-m-[zm-n-I- fp-amWv alm-∑m-cmb ae-°p-Iƒ. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Cn Ah¿ Alw`mhw Sn-°p-Ibm- sW¶n¬ ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ ASp°ep≈h¿ (ae°pIƒ) cmhpw ]Iepw Ahs {]Io¿Øn°p∂p≠v. Ah¿°v aSp∏v tXm∂pI-bn√.'' (41:38) A{]-Imcw Xs∂ {]h¿Ø--ß-fn¬ IrXy-amb {Iao-I-c-W- hpw ASp°pw Nn´bpw Ah¿°n-S-bn-ep-≠v. _n Hcn-°¬ ]d™p: ""n߃°v ae-°p-Iƒ d∫ns‚bSp-°¬ AWn-b-Wn- bmbn n¬°p-∂-Xp-t]mse AWn-tN¿∂v n∂p-IqtS?'' hn⁄m kZ- p-I-sfbpw hn⁄m-m-tz-jn-I-sfbpw tXSn
  32. 32. 39Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v S-°p-Ibpw Ah¿°v th≠n {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂ ae-°p- I-fp-≠v. ap-jy-cpsS I¿a-߃ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xnv {]tXyIw ae°p- I-fp-s≠∂pw Izp¿B≥ Adnbn°p∂p. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw nßfpsS ta¬ Nne ta¬tm´-°m-cp≠v. tcJ- s∏Sp-Ønsh°p∂ Nne amy∑m¿. n߃ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xv Ah¿ Adnbp∂p.'' (82:10-˛12) ap-jy-cpsS kwc-£-I-cmbpw ac-W-Øns‚ Npa-X-e-tb¬∏n- °-s∏-´-h-cmbpw {]tXyIw ae-°p-I-fp-≠v. Xß-fpsS I¿Ø-hy- ß-fn-sem∂pw bmsXm-cp IrXy-hn-tem-]hpw hcp-Øm-Ø-h- cmWh¿. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Ahs{X Xs‚ Zmk∑mcpsS ta¬ ]cam[nImcap≈h≥. nßfpsS ta¬-tm´Ønmbn Ah≥ Imh¬°msc Ab°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. Aßs Ahcn¬ Hcmƒ°v acWw hs∂Øptºmƒ ΩpsS ZqX∑m¿ (ae°pIƒ) Ahs ]q¿Wambn Gs‰-Sp°p∂p. (A°m-cy- Øn¬) Ah¿ Hcp hogvNbpw hcpØp-Ibn√.'' (6:61) ae-°p-Iƒ kXy-hn-izm-kn-Isf hn]¬L´-ß-fn¬ klm-bn- °p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS i{Xp-°sf in-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX ]e kw`-h-ß-fp-ap-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. A√m-lp- Ah-tcmSv G¬]n-°p∂ Imcy-߃ Ah¿ sNøp-∂p-sh∂v am{Xw. A√msX kzX-{¥- ambn Ah¿ H∂nepw CS-s]-Sp-I-bn-√. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ ae°pItfmSv klmb¿Y SØp∂Xv Ckvemw AphZn- °p∂n√. {]XypX k¿hi‡mb A√mlphntm-Sv am{Xta {]m¿Yn°m≥ ]mSp≈q. _Z¿ bp≤-Øn¬ kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°v klm-bn-I-fmbn ae- °p-Iƒ h∂-Xn-s-Ip-dn®v A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""ns‚ c£nXmhv ae°pIƒ°v t_m[w ¬Inbncp∂ kμ¿`w (Hm¿°pI.) Rm≥ nßfpsS IqsSbp≠v. AXnm¬ kXy-hnizmknIsf n߃ Dd∏n®p n¿ØpI. kXyn-tj[n- I-fp-sS a pIfn¬ Rm≥ `bw C´psImSp°p-∂-XmWv. AXn- m-¬ IgpØpIƒ°v aosX n߃ sh´ns°m-≈pI. AhcpsS hncepIsf√mw n߃ sh´n°fbpIbpw sNøpI.'' (8:12)
  33. 33. 40 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v eqXzv _n bpsS P-X-bn¬ ae-°p-Iƒ sN∂ cwKw Izp¿- B≥ hnhcn°p-∂p-≠v. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Ah¿ ]d-™p: eqtXz, Xo¿®bmbpw R߃ ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ ZqX∑mcmWv. Ah¿°v (P߃°v) ns‚ ASptØs°-Ømmhn√. BIbm¬ o cm{Xnbn¬ n∂p≈ Hcp bma-Øn¬ ns‚ IpSpw_tØbpw sIm≠v bm{X ]pds∏´v sIm-≈pI. nßfpsS Iq´Øn¬ n∂v Hcmfpw Xncn™v tm°-cpXv. ns‚ `mcysbmgnsI. Xo¿®bmbpw Ah¿°v (Pß-ƒ°v) h∂p`hn® in£ Ahƒ°pw h∂p-`hn- °p∂XmWv. Xo¿®bmbpw Ah¿°v n›bn® Ah[n {]`m-X- am-Ip∂p. {]`mXw ASpØv Xs∂bt√?'' (11:81) ae-°p-Iƒ k¬I¿an-Isf kvtln-°p-Ibpw Ah¿°-p-Iq- e-ambn {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw, ZpjvI¿an-Isf shdp-°p-Ibpw Ah¿s°- Xn-cn¬ {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-sa∂v {]am-W-߃ hni-Z-am-°n- bn-´p-≠v.
  34. 34. thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-ep≈ hnizmkw Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ hnizmkImcy-ß-fnse kp{]- [m---amb H∂mWv thZ{KŸ-ß-fn-ep≈ hnizm-kw. A√m- lp Ah-X-cn-∏n® thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-sf-sbm-s°bpw AwKo-I- cn--°p--hmpw kXy-s∏-Sp-Øp-hmpw Hcp hnizmkn _m[y- ÿ-m-Wv. Ah-bn-te-sX-¶n-ep-sam∂v ntj-[n-®m¬ Xs∂ k¿h-Xn-tbpw ntj-[n-®-Xnv Xpey-am-Wv. hnizm-kn-I-tfm-Smbn A√mlp ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWp-I. ""n߃ ]dbpI: A√mlphnepw, Ah¶¬ n∂v R- ß-ƒ°v AhXcn∏n®p In´nbXnepw, C{_mloanpw C-kv- am-Cuenpw Ckv-lmJnpw bAvJq_npw bAvJq_v k¥XnIƒ°pw AhX-cn-∏n-®v sImSpØXnepw, aqkm, Cu- km F∂nh¿°v ¬Is∏´-Xnepw, k¿Δ {]hmN-I∑m-¿- °pw AhcpsS c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v ¬-Is∏´Xn (ktμ- i-ß-fn)epw R߃ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. Ah-cn¬ B¿°n- S-bn-epw R߃ hnthNw I¬]n°p∂n√. R߃ A- h-∂v (A√m-lphn∂v) Iogv-s]´v Pohn°p-∂hcp-am-Ip-∂p.'' (2:136) as‰m-cn-SØv A√mlp ]d-bp∂p. ""kXyhnizmknItf, A√mlp-hnepw, Ahs‚ ZqXnepw, Ahs‚ ZqX∂v Ah≥ AhXcn∏n® {KŸØn- 4 A[ymbw
  35. 35. 42 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v epw apºv Ah≥ AhXcn∏n® {KŸØn-epw n߃ hnizkn°p- hn-≥. A√mlp-hnepw, Ahs‚ ae°pIfnepw, Ahs‚ {KŸß- fnepw Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw, A¥yZnØnepw h√hpw Ahniz- kn-°p-∂ ]£w Xo¿®bmbpw Ah≥ _-lpZqcw ]ng®p t]mbn- cn-°p∂p.'' (4:136) thZ-{K-Ÿ-߃ F¥v? F¥nv? Imcp-Wy-hm-mb A√mlp Ahs‚ Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ `mK-ambn krjvSn-Iƒ°v am¿K-Z¿i-hpw Cl-]c hnP-b-Øns‚ am¿K-tc- J-I-fp-ambn hnhn[ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-f-h-X-cn-∏n-®p-≠v. aqkm _n °v Ah-X-cn® XudmØpw ZmhqZv _n °v e`n® k_qdpw Cukm °v In´nb C©oepw Ahbn¬s]-´-Xm-Wv. CØ-c-Øn- ep≈ ssZhnI{KŸ-ß-fpsS Ah-km-sØ thZ-amWv hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""Ah≥ Cu thZ{KŸsØ ap≥ thZßsf icn-sh°p∂Xmbns°m≠v kXyhpambn n°v AhXcn∏n®p X∂ncn°p∂p. Ah≥ XudmØpw C≥Poepw AhXcn-∏n®p. CXnp apºv; apjy¿°v am¿KZ-¿iØnmbn´v kXymk-XyhnthN--Ønp≈ {]amWhpw Ah≥ AhXcn-∏n®n- cn-°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp-hns‚ ZrjvSm¥ßƒ ntj- [n®hcmtcm Ah¿°v ITnamb in£bmWp≈Xv. A√mlp {]Xm]nbpw in£mS]Sn kzoIcn°p∂hpamIp∂p.'' (3:3,4) hnhn[ Ime-ß-fn-embn hyXykvX P-k-aq-l-ß-fn-te°v Ah- X-cn-®-h-bmWv Ch-sb-¶nepw ASn-ÿm Imcy-ß-fn¬ ]c-kv]cw tbmPn-°p-∂-h-bmWv ssZhnI {KŸ-ß-sfm-s°-bpw. F∂m¬ hni-Z-amb nban¿tZ-i-ß-fnepw I¿am-p-jvTm--ß-fnepw hyXym- k-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. XnI®pw ssZhn-I-amb Dt±iye-£y-ßfpw bp‡ncl-ky-ß-fp-a-p-k-cn-®mWv Ah-bpsS Ah-X-c-Whpw Ah- bnse hyXym-k-ß-fpw. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""(_ntb) n-°nXm kXy{]Imcw thZ{KŸw Ah-Xcn∏n®v X∂ncn°p∂p. AXns‚ apºn-ep≈ thZ{KŸßsf icnsh°p∂Xpw Ahsb ImØp-c£n-°p-∂- Xp-as{X AXv. AXnm¬ o Ah¿°nSbn¬ mw AhXcn∏n®v
  36. 36. 43Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v X∂Xpkcn®v hn[n-I¬]n°pI. n°v h∂pIn´nb kXy- sØ hn´v o AhcpsS X∂njvSßsf ]n≥]‰nt]mIcpXv. nßfn¬ Hmtcm hn`mKØnpw Hmtcm nba{Iahpw I¿-Ω- am¿Khpw mw nivNbn®v X∂ncn-°p∂p. A√mlp Dt±in-®n- cps∂¶n¬ nßsf Ah≥ Hscm‰ kapZm-bam-°p-ambncp∂p. ]s£ n߃°h≥ ¬In-bn´p≈Xn¬ nßsf ]co£n- °phm≥ (Ah≥ Dt±in°p∂p.) AXnm¬ √ Imcyßfnte°v n߃ aXvkcn®v apt∂dpI. A√mlphn¶te°s{X nß-fp- sS-sb√mw aS°w. n߃ `n∂n-®n-cp∂ hnjbßsf∏‰n At∏m- f-h≥ n߃°v Adnbn®v Xcp∂XmWv.'' (5:48) {kjvSmhpw kwc-£-I-p-amb A√m-lp-hn¬ n-∂p≈ am¿K- Z¿i--am-Ip∂ Ahs‚ thZn¿tZ-i-߃ icn-bmb cq]-Øn¬ a- n-em°n ]n≥]-‰pI F∂-Xv k¿h ∑-I-fn-te°pw imizX hnP-b-Øn-te°pw kam-[m--]q¿W-amb Po-hn--X-Øn-te°pw ap- jy-cm-insb ssI]n-Sn-®m--bn-°p∂ al-Ømb Ap-{K-l-am-Wv. Ah GsX-¶nepw apjyakvXn-jvI-Øn¬ Dcp-Øn-cn™ Bi- b-ßfpw ktμ-i-ß-fp-a-√. Ah FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m≥ G¬]n- °-s∏´ {]hm-N-I-∑m¿°p-t]mepw AXn¬ ssI IS-Øp-hmtm am‰w hcp-Øp-hmtm A¿l-X-bn-√. k¿-h-kzhpw ]S®p ]cn-]m- en-°pIbpw k¿-h Ncm-N-c-߃°pw icn-bmb am¿K-Z¿iw ¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvX ]S-®-hs‚ hm°p-Ifpw D]-tZ-i-ß-fp-am-W- h. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Ah ]d-™p-X-cp∂ hnizm-k-˛-B-Nm-c-˛- kw-kvIm-c-˛-kz-`m-hmZn k¿hXpw kzoI-cn®v Ah-bv°-p-k-cn®v PohnXw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ ap-jy≥ _m[y-ÿ-m-Wv. ]s£, ssZhnI {KŸ-ß-sfbpw ssZh ZqX-∑m-scbpw ]cn-K-Wn-°p-Itbm kzoI-cn-°p-Itbm sNømsX ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw Ah-tl-fn-°p- Ibpw sNbvX-h¿ Ncn-{X-Øn-e--h-[n-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. AØ-c-°m- cpsS hgn-tI-Sns‚ Zpc-¥-߃ Cu temIØv Xs∂ Hcp-]s£ Ah¿ Ap-`-hn-t®-°mw. ]mc-{XnIPohn-X-Øn¬ GXm-bmepw Ah¿°v c£tbm kam-[m-tam D≠m-bn-cn-°n-s√-∂Xv {kjvSm- hns‚ Xs∂ ap∂-dn-bn-∏m-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlphns‚ ZrjvSm¥ßsf∏‰n X¿°n°p∂hcpsS t¿°v o tm°n-bnt√? FßsbmWv
  37. 37. 44 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ah¿ hyXnNen-∏n°s∏Sp∂Xv F∂v. thZ{KŸ-sØ-bpw, mw ΩpsS ZqX∑msc Ab®Xv Fs¥mcp ZuXyw sIm≠mtWm AXn-sbpw ntj[n®p If™hcs{X Ah¿. F∂m¬ hgnsb Ah¿ Adn™p sIm≈pw. AsX; AhcpsS IgpØpI-fn¬ Ipcp°pIfpw NßeIfpambn Ah¿ hen®ng°s∏Sp∂ kμ- ¿`w. Np´p-Xnf°p∂ sh≈ØneqsS. ]n∂oSv Ah¿ cIm-Kvn- bn-¬ Fcn°-s∏SpI-bpw sNøpw.'' (40:69-˛72) thZ-{K-Ÿ-Øn-epsS Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ sXfn-hp-Ifpw n¿tZ- i-ßfpw Ah-K-Wn®v Pohn-°p-∂-h¿°v ]mc-{XnIPohn-X-Øn¬ Ah FXn¿tc-J-bmbn hcp-∂-Xm-Wv. Hgn-I-gn-hp-Iƒ ncØn c£- s∏-Sm≥ km[n-°m-Ø-hn[w A√mlp sXfn-hp-Iƒ ÿm]n-°p-I- bmWv Ah-bn-eq-sS. A{]-Im-cw-Xs∂ ssZhn-I-amb n¿-tZ-i-ß-f-h-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßsf ]n≥]-‰p∂ P-߃°v B ∑-bpsS ASn-Ø- d-bn¬ sFIy-s∏-Sp-hmpw On{Z-Iƒ C√m-Xm-°mpw km[n-°p- ∂-Xm-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""apjy¿ Hscm‰ kapZmbam-bncp-∂p. A¥cw (Ah¿ `n∂n- ®-t∏mƒ hnizm-knIƒ°v) kt¥mjhm¿Ø Adnbn-°p-hm-pw, (ntj-[nIƒ°v) Xm-°oXv ¬Iphmpambn A√mlp {]hm-N- I-∑m-sc ntbmKn®p. Ah¿ (P-߃) `n∂n® hnjbØn¬ Xo¿-∏p-I¬-]n°phmmbn AhcpsS IqsS kXy-thZhpw Ah≥ Ab-®p-sImSpØp. F-∂m-¬ thZw ¬Is∏´h¿ Xs∂ hyIv- X-amb sXfn-hpIƒ h∂pIn´nbXnp tijw AXn¬ (thZhnjbØn¬) `n∂n-®n´p≈Xv Ah¿ XΩnep≈ amXv-kcyw aqea√msX as‰m-∂p-sIm≠pa√. F∂m¬ GsXmcp kXyØn¬ n∂v Ah¿ `n∂n-®-I∂pthm B kXyØn-te°v A√mlp Xs‚ Xm¬]cy{]Imcw kXy-hnizmknIƒ°v hgn ImWn®p. Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂hsc A√mlp icnbm-b ]mXbnte°v bn°p∂p.'' (2:213) oXn-n-jvT-amb hn[n-Ifpw X¿° ]cn-lm-c-ßfpw thZ-{K- ŸsØ Ah-ew-_n-°p∂ P-߃°v Ffp-∏-Øn¬ km[y-am- Wv. ∑-˛-Xn-∑-Iƒ Fs¥∂v B[n-Im-cn-I-ambn ]d-™p-X-cmpw
  38. 38. 45Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v yq-X-Ifpw Aym-b-ßfpw Ie-cmØ kphy-‡-amb nb-a- ßfpw n¿tZ-i-ßfpw ap-jy¿°v ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ B[n- Im-cnI tcJ-bmbn ssZhnI{KŸw ne-sIm-≈p-tºmƒ B P- X-bv°p-≠m-Ip∂ kzÿ-Xbpw kam-[m-hpw An¿h-N-o-b-am- bn-cn-°pw. tsc-a-dn®v ssZhnI {KŸ-ßsf am‰n-n¿Øn-s°m≠v ap-jy-cn-te°v {]kvXpX hnj-b-ßfpw X¿°-ßfpw G¬]n- °-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Ah-cpsS ]cn-lm-c-ß-fnepw hn[n Xo¿]p-I-fnepw ]e-X-c-Øn-ep≈ amp-jnIZu¿_-ey-ß-fp-ap-≠m-hpI kzm`m-hn- I-am-Wv. `uXnI {]Xybimkv{X-ß-fpsS Ipd-hp-Ifpw ]cm-P--b- ßfpw Ahn-sS-bmWv mw ImWp-∂-Xv. {]hm-N-IXzhmZ-hp-ambn hcp∂ ssZ-h-Zq-Xs‚ kXy-X-°p≈ Hcp DØa tcJ-Iq-Sn-bmWv hmkvX-h-Øn¬ At±-l-Øn-s‚ ]°- ep≈ thZ-{K-Ÿw. Izp¿-B≥ A¥na thZ-{KŸw {kjvSmhpw kwc-£-I-p-amb A√m-lp Ah-X-cn-∏n® thZ- {K-Ÿ-ß-fn¬ Ah-km--tØ-XmWv hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥. ssZhn-I- sa∂v AXv kzbw Bh¿Øn-®m-h¿Øn®v Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂p. ""Xo¿®bmbpw CXv (Izp¿B≥) tem-I-c£nXmhv AhXcn∏n®Xv Xs∂bm-Ip∂p. hnizkvXmXvamhv (Pn_vco¬) AXpw sIm≠v Cdßnbncn°p∂p. ns‚ lrZbØn¬. o Xm°oXv ¬Ip∂-hcpsS Iq´Ønembncn°phm≥ th≠n-bs{X AXv. kv]jvSamb Ad_n `mj-bn-e-mWv (AXv AhXcn∏n®Xv.)'' (26:192-˛195) ""Aen^v˛emw˛aow Cu {KŸØns‚ AhXcWw k¿Δ-temI- c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂mIp∂p. CXn¬ bmsXmcp kwib-hpan√.'' (32:1-˛2) (36:1-˛5, 39:1, 40:1-˛2, 41:1˛3, 41:42, 45:1˛2, 46:1-˛2, 56:80, 69:43) XpS- ßnb hN--߃ ImWp-I. AXns‚ ssZhn-I-X-bn¬ kwi-bn-°p-∂-h-tcm-Smbn Izp¿-B≥ S-Ønb i‡-amb sh√p-hnfn q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn FXn-cm-fn-I-fpsS I¿W]pS-ß-fn¬ B-™--Sn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ct∂mfw B sh√p-hnfn ss[cy-k-taXw Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ Bcpw Xøm-dm-bn-
  39. 39. 46 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ´n-√. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""(_ntb,) ]d-bp-I: Cu Izp¿B≥ t]msem∂v sIm≠v hcp∂Xn∂mbn apjycpw Pn∂pIfpw H∂n®ptN¿∂mepw Xo¿®bmbpw AXp-t]msem∂v Ah¿ sIm≠v hcnIbn√. Ahcn¬ Nne¿ Nne¿°v ]n¥pW ¬-Ip∂Xmbm¬ t]mepw.'' (17:88) Izp¿-B-ns t]msemcp {KŸw sIm≠p-h-cm≥ km[y-a-s√- ¶n¬, th≠ AXn-ep≈ 114 A[ym-b-ß-fn¬ 10 FÆ-Ønv kam- -am-bsX¶nepw sIm≠p-hcq F∂v Izp¿-B≥ Bh¿Øn®v sh√p- hn-fn-°p-∂p. ""AX√, At±lw AXv sI´n®a®p F∂mtWm Ah¿ ]dbp∂Xv? ]dbpI: F∂m¬ CXpt]sebp≈ ]Øv A≤ym- b߃ Na®p≠m°nbXv n߃ sIm-≠v hcq. A√mlphnv ]pdsa n߃°v km[n°p∂hscsb√mw n߃ hnfn®p- sIm≈pIbpw sNøpI. n߃ kXyhm-∑mcmsW¶n¬.'' (11:13) nc-£-c-mb apl-ΩZv _n bp-sS mhn-eqsS temIw {i- hn-® Cu hN--߃°v Xpey-ambn Xp—-amb hN--ß-sf-¶nepw sIm-≠p-h-cm≥ kmlnXyXºp-cm-°-∑m-tcm-SmWv Izp¿-B≥ sh√p- hn-fn-®-Xv. F∂n´pw Ah¿°Xv tcn-Sm≥ km[n-®n-√. ho≠pw Hcp-]-Sn-IqSn Cd-ßn-s®-∂p-sIm≠v Izp¿-B≥ AXns‚ sh√p-hnfn H∂p-IqSn i‡-ambn Bh¿Øn-°p-∂p. ""ΩpsS Zmkv mw AhXcn∏n®p-sImSpØXns (hnip≤ Izp¿Bs) ]‰n n߃ kwibmep°fmsW¶n¬ A-Xn-s‚Xv t]mep≈ Hcp A[ym-bsa¶nepw n߃ sIm≠phcnI. A√m- lphnv ]pdsa n߃°p≈ klm-bnItfbpw hnfn®p- sIm≈pI. n߃ kXyhm∑mcmsW¶n¬ (AXmWt√m th≠Xv).'' (2:23) ""AX√, At±lw (_n) AXv sI´n-®-a-®XmWv F∂mtWm Ah¿ ]dbp-∂Xv? (_ntb,) ]dbpI: F∂m¬ AXn-∂v Xpeyamb Hcp A≤ymbw nß-ƒ sIm≠p hcq. A√mlphnv ]pdsa n߃°v km[n°p∂hscsb√mw hnfn®psIm≈pIbpw sNøpI. n߃ kXyhm∑mcmsW¶n¬.'' (10:38)
  40. 40. 47Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v AXnv km[y-a-s√∂v Xd-∏n®v ]d-™ Izp¿-B≥ i‡-amb Hmtcm Xm-°o-Xpw FXn-cm-fn-Iƒ°v ¬Ip-∂p-≠v. ""n߃°Xv sNøm≥ Ign™ns√-¶n¬ n߃°Xv Hcn- °epw sNøm≥ Ign-bpIbpan√ apjycpw I√pIfpw C‘- ambn IØn°-s∏Sp∂ cImKv-n-sb n߃ ImØp-kq£n- ®p-sIm-≈pI. kXyntj[nIƒ°pth≠n Hcp-°nsh°-s∏´- XmIp∂p AXv.'' (2:24) {kjvSmhpw c£n-Xm-hp-amb A√m-lp-hns‚ A¥n-a-th-Z-amb hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ GsX-¶nepw Hcp {]tXyI hn`m-K-Øntm tZi°m¿t°m am{X-am-bp-≈-X-√. {]XypX k¿h-cn-te-°p-am-bp≈ k¿-h-temIc£n-Xm-hns‚ ktμ-i-a-s{X-b-Xv. ""P߃°v am¿KZ¿iambns°m-≠pw, t¿hgn Im´p∂Xpw kXyhpw Ak-Xyhpw th¿Xncn®p ImWn°p∂Xp- am-b kphyIvX sXfnhpIfmbns°m-≠pw hnip≤ Izp¿B≥ AhXcn∏n°-s∏´ amkamIp∂p daZm≥.'' (2:185) (3:138), (14:52), (17:89), (18:54), (30:58) apX-emb kq‡-߃ ImWp-I. Izp¿-B--≥ Bg-Øn¬ ]Tn-°p-hmpw D‰m-tem-Nn-°p- hmpw Blzmw sNøp∂ Izp¿-B≥ AXns‚ hN--߃ XΩn- ep≈ tN-¿-®bpw Bi-b-s∏m-cp-Øhpw AXn-s‚ ssZhn-I-X-°p≈ as‰mcp ZrjvSm-¥-am-bn FSp-Øp-Im-´p-∂p. ""Ah¿ Izp¿Bns∏‰n Nn¥n°p-∂n-t√? AXv A√mlp A√mØhcpsS ]°¬ n∂p≈Xmbncps∂¶n¬ Ah-cXn¬ [mcmfw sshcp[yw Is≠Øpam-bncp∂p.'' (4:82) ssII-S-Øepw am‰-Øn-cp-Ø-ep-Ifpw kw`-hn® ap≥th-Z-ß- fpsS ASn-ÿm-B-i-b-ßsf kwc-£n-°p-∂Xpw k∑m¿-KZ- ¿inbpw ssZhn-Im-p-{K-l-hp-amWv hnip-≤ Izp¿-B≥. ""(_ntb,) n°nXm kXy{]Imcw thZ{KŸw AhX-cn- ∏n®v X∂ncn°p∂p. AXns‚ apºnep≈ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßsf icn- sh-°p∂Xpw Ahsb ImØpc£n°p∂Xpas{X AXv. AXn- m-¬ o Ah¿°nSbn¬ mw AhXcn∏n®v X∂Xpkcn®v hn[n-I¬]n°pI. n°v h∂pIn´nb kXy-sØ hn´v o Ah- cp-sS X∂njvSßsf ]n≥]‰nt]mIcpXv. nßfn¬ Hmtcm hn`mK-
  41. 41. 48 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ønpw Hmtcm nba{Iahpw I¿Ω-am¿-Khpw mw nivNbn®v X∂n-cn°p∂p. A√mlp Dt±in-®n-cp-s∂-¶n-¬ nßsf Ah≥ Hscm-‰ kapZmbam°pambncp∂p. ]s£ n߃°h≥ ¬In- bn´p-≈Xn¬ nßsf ]co-£n-°p-hm-≥ (Ah≥ Dt±in°p∂p.) AXn-m¬ √ Imcyßfnte°v n߃ aXvkcn®v apt∂dpI. A√mlphn¶te°s{X nßfp-sS-sb√mw aS°w. n߃ `n∂n®ncp∂ hnjbßsf∏‰n At∏m-f-h≥ n߃°v Adnbn®v Xcp∂XmWv.'' (5:48) ""A√mlphnv ]pdsa (a‰mcmepw) Cu Izp¿B≥ sI´n®- abv°-s∏Smhp∂-X√. {]XypX AXns‚ apºp≈ Znhyk-tμ- isØ kXys∏SpØp∂Xpw, ssZhn-I-{]amWØns‚ hn- iZoIcWhpas{X AXv. AXn¬ bmsXmcp kwibhpan√. temIc£nXmhn¶¬ n∂p≈XmWXv.'' (10:37) InS-b‰ [m¿an-I-Xbpw kZm-Nm-c-hp-amWv Izp¿-B≥ am-h-cm- in-°p -ap-ºn¬ ka¿∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Izp¿-B≥ njn-≤-am-°nb h√Xpw apjykaq-l-Ønv ∑-bpw DØ-a-hp-amWv Ft∂m Izp¿-B≥ Ap-h-Zn® h√Xpw tZmj-I-c-amb-Xnm-¬ hne-t°-≠-Xm-bn-cp- ∂p-sht∂m hkv-Xp-n-jvT-ambn hna¿in-°m≥ Ct∂mfw B¿°pw km[n-®n-´n-√. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw Cu Izp¿B≥ G‰-hpw icnbmbXnte°v hgn ImWn°p-I-bpw, k¬I¿Ω߃ {]h¿Øn°p∂ kXyhnizm-kn-Iƒ°v henb {]Xn^e-ap≠v F∂ kt¥m-j-hm¿Ø Adnbn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p.'' (17:9) ""A√mlp Xs‚ s]mcpØw tXSnb-hsc AXv aptJ kam[mØns‚ hgnIfnte°v bn°p∂p. Xs‚ DØc-hv aptJ Ahsc A‘Imcßfn¬ n∂v Ah≥ {]ImiØnte°v sIm≠p-h-cp-Ibpw, tcmb ]mXbnte°v Ah-sc bn°pIbpw sNøp∂p.'' (5:16) ap≥thZ-߃°v kw`-hn-®-Xp-t]m-se-bp≈ ssII-S-Ø-ep-I- fn¬n∂v kwc-£n-®v A¥y-mƒ hsc-bp≈ k¿h ap-jy¿°pw am¿K-Z¿iI{KŸ-ambn Izp¿-B-ns ne-n¿Øp-sa∂pw A√mlp kt¥m-j-hm¿Ø Adn-bn-®n-´p-≠v.
  42. 42. 49Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""Xo¿®bmbpw mamWv B D¬t_m-[w AhXcn∏n®Xv. Xo¿®bmbpw mw AXns ImØpkq£n°p∂XpamWv.'' (15:9) ap≥ thZ-߃s°¥v kw`-hn®p? Hmtcm {]tXyI ImeL-´-Øn-te°v am{X-am-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p ap≥ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-f-h-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xv. F∂m¬ hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ temIm-h-kmw hsc-bp≈ k¿h P-ß-fn-te-°p-ambn Ah-X- cn-∏n-°-s∏´ A¥na thZ-{K-Ÿ-am-Wv. Izp¿-B-ns‚ Ah-X-c-W-tØmsS ap≥th-Z-{K-Ÿ-ß-fpsS Ime- ]-cn-[nbpw ZuXyhpw Ah-km-n-®p. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p ""CXnp apºv; apjy¿°v am¿K-Z¿i-- Ønmbn´v kXymkXyhnthNØnp-≈ {]am-Whpw Ah≥ AhXcn∏n®ncn°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlphns‚ ZrjvSm-¥- ߃ ntj[n®hcmtcm Ah¿°v ITn-amb in£bmWp≈Xv. A√mlp {]Xm-]nbpw in£mS]Sn kzoIcn°p∂hp-am-Ip∂p. `qanbntem BImitØm D≈ bm-sXmcp Imcyhpw A√mlphn∂v Ahy-IvXambnt∏mIpIbn√; Xo¿®.'' (3:4,5) ap≥ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßsf G¬]n-°-s∏´ kaq-l-߃ Ah-tbmSv th≠-t]mse oXn ]pe¿Øn-bn-√m-sb∂v am{X-a-√, Ah-bn¬ ssII-S-Ø-ep-Iƒ S-Øp-Ibpw kzm¿YXm¬]-cy-߃°-p-k- cn®v Zp¿hym-Jym-n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ""F∂m¬ kz¥w ssIIƒ sIm≠v {KŸw FgpXn-bp-≠m- °pIbpw F∂n´v A-Xv A√mlphn¶¬ n∂v e`n®XmsW-∂v ]dbpIbpw sNøp∂h¿°mIp∂p m-iw. AXv aptJ hne Ipd™ t´-߃ IckvYam°m≥ th≠nbmIp∂p (Ah-cnXv sNøp∂Xv.) AhcpsS ssI-Iƒ FgpXnb hIbnepw Ah¿ kºmZn-°p∂ hIbnepw Ah¿°v miw.'' (2:79) XudmØv kzoIcn°m≥ NpaXe G¬]n°s∏SpIbpw, F∂n´v AXv Gs‰Sp°mXncn°pIbpw sNbvXhcpsS (blq-Zcp- sS) DZm-l-cWw {KŸßƒ Npa°p∂ IgpXbptSXv t]mse- bmIp∂p. A√mlp-hns‚ ZrjvSm¥ßƒ ntj[n®p If™ PßfpsS D]a F{Xtbm NoØ! A{IanIfmb Pßsf A√mlp k∑m¿KØnem°pIbn√''. (62:5)
  43. 43. 50 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Izp¿-B≥ ]d™ Cu hkvXp-X-Iƒ qdp-i-X-am-hpw icn- sh-°p-∂-XmWv C∂v ne-hn-ep≈ ap≥ thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fp-tS-Xmbn ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂ {KŸ-ß-fpsS tIm-∏nIƒ apgp-h-pw. njv]-£hpw hkvXp-n-jvT-hp-ambn Ah ]T--hn-t[-b-am-Ip∂ B¿°pw CXv t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. ]c-kv]c sshcp[y-amb hN--ßfpw Bi- b-s∏m-cp-Ø-an-√mØ hnh-c-W-ßfpw Ah-bn¬ ImWmw. ap-jy- ¿°v amXr-Ibpw k∑m¿K-Z¿in-I-fp-ambn ssZh-Øm¬ ntbm- Kn-X-cmb {]hm-N-I-∑msc t]mepw Zp¿am¿Kn-Ifpw sIm≈-cp-Xm- Ø-h-cp-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn-°p∂ hN--߃ Ah-bn¬ ImWp∂p F∂Xv F¥p-am{Xw hntcm-[m-`m-k-a√! thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßsf `‡n-bm-Z-c-thmsS kao-]n-°mpw P-ß-sf DZvt_m-[n-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p≠v hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥. ""Fs‚ D¬t_m[sØ hn´v h√h-pw Xncn™pIfbp∂ ]£w Xo¿®bm-bpw Ah∂v CSpßnb Hcp PohnXam-Wp-≠mbn- cn-°pI. Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns‚ mfn¬ Ahs mw A‘- m-b nebn-¬ Fgpt∂¬]n®v sIm≠v hcp∂Xpam-Wv. Ah≥ ]dbpw: Fs‚ c£nXmth, o F¥nmsWs∂ A‘mb ne-bn-¬ Fgpt∂¬]n®v sIm≠v h∂Xv? Rm-≥ ImgvN-bp-≈-h- m-bncp∂t√m! A√m-lp ]dbpw: AßsXs∂bmIp∂p. n- -°v ΩpsS ZrjvSm¥ßƒ hs∂Øp-I-bp≠mbn. F∂n´v o AXv ad∂p-If™p. AXv t]mse C∂v obpw hnkv-acn-°-s∏-Sp- ∂p.'' (20:124-˛126) AXn-m¬, ssII-S-Ø-ep-I-fn¬n-∂pw kpc-£n-Xhpw qdp- i-X-am-hpw ssZhn-I-sa∂v Dd-∏p-≈-Xp-amb A¥na thZ-{KŸw hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ am{X-am-Wv. AX-p-k-cn®v Pohn-°p-I-bmWv tam-£-Øn-s‚bpw hnP-b-Øn-s‚bpw am¿Kw. ssZhn-I-amb am¿K- n¿tZ-i-߃ ]Tn-®-dn™v ]n≥]-‰p-hmpw AXp-hgn imiz-X- amb kam-[m-hpw hnP-bhpw Ic-ÿ-am-°p-hmpw k¿h-i-‡≥ XpW-°s´! Bao≥
  44. 44. ssZhZqX∑m-cn-ep≈ hnizmkw ap-jy≥ `uXn-I-ambn F{X-Xs∂ ]ptcm-K-an-®mepw ssZ-hn-I am¿K-Z¿iw Ahv An-hm-cy-am-Wv. kXyhpw Ak-Xy-hpw [¿ahpw A[¿ahpw th¿Xn-cn-®-dn-bm≥ hyXykvX n-e-hm-c-Øn-ep≈ apjy_p≤nt°m Nn¥- Iƒt°m km[y-a-√. ÿe-˛-Im-e-ß-fp-ambn _‘n-°-s∏´ ap-jyv Ah-bn-¬-n∂v ap‡-ambn Nn¥n-°p-hmpw Imcy- ߃ hne-bn-cp-Øp-hmpw Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXp-sIm-≠p- Xs∂ apjy_p≤n-bn¬ n-∂p-cp-Øn-cn-bp∂ [m¿anIn¿tZ-i-߃°v ÿe-˛-Im-e-ß-fp-sS kzm[o--ap- ≠m-hpI kzm`m-hnIw am{Xw. km¿h-Im-en-I-hpw km¿h-P- o--hp-amb Ip‰-a‰ am¿Kn¿tZ-i-߃ ¬Im≥ a-p-jy≥ Ai-‡-m-Wv. hnhm-lhpw hy`n-Nm-chpw XΩn-ep≈ hy- Xymkw Ahv hni-Zo-I-cn-°pI {]bm-k-am-Wv. H∂v hnip- ≤hpw at‰Xv Ahnip-≤-hp-sa∂v {]Jym-]n-°m≥ Ahv km[n-°p-I-bn-√. Ahn-sS-bmWv ssZhnI am¿KZ¿i-- Øns‚ {]-k-‡n. ssZhnI am¿K-Z¿iw Hmtcm Pohn°pw ne-n¬]n-m-h-iy-amb P∑-hm-k-- 5 A[ymbw
  45. 45. 52 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ifpw Znim-t_m-[hpw ¬Inb {kjvSmhv Xs∂ ap-jypw am¿K-n¿tZ-i-߃ ¬Ip-I-sb-∂Xv {kjvSm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lhpw Imcp-Wy-hp-am-Wv. sΩ krjvSn® A√m-lp- X-s∂-bm-Wv mw Fßs Pohn-°-W-sa∂v ]d-™p-X-cm≥ A-¿-l-pw tbmKy-pw. Ahs‚ CjvSm-n-jvS-߃ a- n-em-°m-pw Ahv Fßs Bcm-[--I-f¿]n-°-W-sa-∂-dn-bmpw a-p-jy-_p≤n Ai-‡-am- Wv. Xm≥ Fhn-sS-n∂v h∂p? Ftßm´v t]mIp∂p? Fßs Pohn-°Ww? Fs∂m-s°-bp≈ A-Sn-ÿmtNmZy-߃°v IrXy- amb Hcp DØcw ¬Imtm X-s‚ hnem-khpw Pohn-X-e-£yhpw n¿W-bn-°p-hmtm ∑˛-Xn-∑-Isf hyh-tO-Zn-°p-hmtm ssZhnI am¿K-Z¿iw Iq-SmsX km[y-a√ Xs∂. Imcp-Wy-hm-mb A√mlp Ah-n-d-°nb thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn-eq- sSbpw Ah--b® ZqX-∑m-cn-eq-sSbpw AXv ¬In. ""ae°pIfn¬ n∂pw apjycn¬ n∂pw A√mlp ZqX∑msc sXcs™Sp°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp tI-ƒ-°p∂hpw ImWp∂hpas{X.'' (22:75) B {]hm-N-I-∑msc Adn-bepw AwKo-I-cn-°epw ap-jy-cpsS _m[y-Xbpw c£m-am¿K-hp-am-Wv. ap-jy-cn¬n∂v Xs∂ amXr- Ibpw am¿K-Z¿i--hp-ambn ZqX-∑msc Ab-°p-I-hgn hfsc henb Ap-{K-l-amWv A√mlp ap-jy-cm-in°v sN-bvX-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®bmbpw kXyhnizmknIfn¬ Ahcn¬ n∂v X-s∂- bp≈ Hcp ZqXs ntbmKn°pI hgn A√mlp al-Øm--b Ap{KlamWv Ah¿°v ¬Inbn´p≈Xv. A-√m-lp-hn-s‚ ZrjvSm¥ßƒ Ah¿°v HmXntIƒ]n°pIbpw, Ahsc kwkvIcn°pIbpw, Ah¿°p {KŸhpw PvRmhpw ]Tn∏n- °pI-bpw sNøp∂ (Hcp ZqXs). AhcmIs´ apºv hy-IvXamb hgntISn¬ Xs∂bmbncp∂p.'' (3:164) ssZhnI ktμ-i-ß-fp-ambn F√m kaq-l-ß-fn-te°pw A- √mlp ZqX-∑msc Ab-®n-´p-≠v. ""Xo¿®bmbpw Hmtcm kapZmbØnepw mw ZqXs ntbm- Kn-®n´p≠v. n߃ A√mlpsh Bcm[n°pIbpw, Zp¿aq-¿-Øn-
  46. 46. 53Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v I-sf shSnbpIbpw sNøWw F∂v ({]t_m[w sNøp∂Xnv th≠n.) F∂n´v Ahcn¬ Nnesc A√mlp t-¿hgnbnem°n. Ah-cn¬ NnecpsS ta¬ hgntISv kv-Yn-c-s∏-SpIbpw sNbvXp. BIbm¬ n߃ `qanbneqsS S∂n´v n-tj[n®p-X≈n-°f- ™-hcpsS ]cyhkmw F-{]-Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p F∂v tm°pI.'' (16:36) ""Ahnizkn®hcmtcm Ah¿°mWv cImKvn. AhcpsS ta¬ (acWw) hn[n°s∏Sp∂X√. F¶n¬ Ah¿°v a-cn-°m- ambncp∂p. AXnse in£bn¬ n∂v H´pw Ah¿°v C-f- hpsNøs∏SpIbpan√. A{]Imcw F√m μnsI´h¿°pw mw {]Xn^ew ¬Ip∂p.'' (35:36). Ahsc ]n≥]-‰¬ Hmtcm P-X-bp-sSbpw _m[y-X-bs{X! Hcp-]‰w {]hm-N-I-∑m-cpsS t]cp-Iƒ FSp-Øp-]-d™ ti-j-w A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""AhscbmWv A√mlp t¿hgnbnem°nbn´p≈Xv. A-Xn- m¬ AhcpsS t¿am¿KsØ o ]n¥pS¿∂v sIm≈pI. (_ntb) ]dbpI: CXns‚ t]cn¬ bmsXmcp {]Xn^ehpw Rm-≥ nßtfmSv Bhiys∏Sp∂n√. CXv temI¿°v th-≠n- bp≈ Hcp D-Zvt_m[a√msX as‰m∂pa√.'' (6:90) BcmWv {]hm-N-I-∑m¿? ap-jy¿°v am¿K-Z¿iw ¬Ip-∂-Xn-p-th≠n Ah-cn¬n∂v Xs∂ A√mlp sXs™-SpØ kXy-k-‘cpw k-¬-kz-`m-hn-I- fp-amb alm-∑m-cmWv {]hm-N-I-∑m¿. A√m-lp-hns‚ Ap-{K- lhpw HuZm-cy-hp-sa∂ ne-bn¬ Ah≥ -¬-Ip-∂-XmWv {]hm- N-I-Xzw. A√msX ]cn-{i-a-ß-fn-eqsS tSm-m-hp-∂-X√ AXv. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""ns‚ c£nXmhv Xm≥ Dt±in°p∂Xv krjvSn°pIbpw, (C-jvSap≈Xv) sXcs™Sp°pIbpw sNøp∂p. Ah¿°v sX-c- s™Sp°phm≥ A¿lXbn√. A√mlp F{Xtbm ]-cn-ip-≤-pw, Ah¿ ]¶ptN¿°p∂Xns√mw AXoXp-ambn-cn-°p-∂p.'' (28:68) ssZhnI ZrjvSm-¥-ßfpw {]hm-N-I-Xzhpw AwKo-I-cn-°msX
  47. 47. 54 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Zp¿ym-b-߃ ncØn iTn-®p-n-∂-h-tcmSv Izp¿-B≥ {]Xn-I-cn- ®-Xn-{]-Im-c-am-Wv. ""Ah¿°v h√ ZrjvSm¥hpw h∂m¬, A√mlphns‚ Zq-X- ∑m¿°v ¬Is∏´Xv t]mep≈Xv R߃°pw e-`n-°p-∂-Xv hsc R߃ hnizkn°pItb C√ F∂mbncn°pw Ah¿ ]dbpI. F∂m¬ A√mlphn∂v √hÆadnbmw; X-s‚ ZuXyw FhnsSbmWv G¬]nt°≠sX∂v. Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fn¬ G¿s]´h¿°v X߃ {]tbmKn®ncp∂ IpX-{¥-Øn-s‚ ^eambn A√mlphn¶¬ loXbpw ITnamb in-£-bpw h∂p`hn°p∂XmWv.'' (6:124) ""Cu c≠v ]´Wßfn¬ n∂p≈ GsX¶nepw Hcp alm]pcpjs‚ ta¬ F¥psIm≠v Cu Izp¿B≥ AhXcn- ∏n°s∏´n√ F∂pw Ah¿ ]d™p. AhcmtWm ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ Ap{Klw ]¶v sh®p sImSp°p∂Xv? mamWv sFlnIPohnXØn¬ Ah¿°nSbn¬ AhcpsS PohnXam¿Kw ]¶v sh®psImSpØXv. Ahcn¬ Nne¿°v Nnesc Iogmfcm°n sh°Ø°hÆw Ahcn¬ Nnesc a‰p Nnesc°mƒ D]cn mw ]e ]SnIƒ Db¿ØpIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. ns‚ c£nXmhns‚ ImcpWyamIp∂p Ah¿ tiJcn®p sh°p∂Xns°mƒ DØaw.'' (43:31-˛32) Ah¿ amXr-Im-]p-cp-j-∑mcpw kºq¿W ap-jy-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-cmcpw ssZhtam ssZhm-h-Xm-c-ßtfm A√. amp-jn-I-amb ]e hnIm-c-ßfpw ]cn-an-Xn-I-fp-ap-≈-h-cm-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. tcmKhpw hni∏pw £oW-hp-sams° Ah¿°v _m[n-®n-cp-∂p. Izp¿-B≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Ønb {]hm-N-I-∑m-cn-sem-cm-fmb C{_mlnw _n bpsS hm°p-Iƒ Izp¿-B≥ D≤-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWpI. ""Fn°v Blmcw XcnIbpw IpSno¿ XcnIbpw sN-øp- ∂h≥. Fn°v tcmKw _m[n®m¬ AhmWv Fs∂ kp- Js∏SpØp∂Xv. Fs∂ acn∏n°pIbpw ]n∂oSv Po-hn-∏n-°pIbpw sNøp∂h≥.'' (26:79-˛81). {]hm-N-I-∑m-cn¬ G‰hpw D¬Ir-jvS-mb apl-ΩZv -_n- °pw tcmKhpw ad-hn-bp-sams° kw`-hn-®n-´p-≠v. Ahn-Sp-∂v ]d™p:
  48. 48. 55Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""Rm--≥ nßsf t]msemcp ap-jy-m-Ip-∂p. n-߃°v adhn ]‰p-∂-Xp-t]mse Fn°pw adhn kw`-hn-°pw'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkv- enw) Ah-cpsS amp-jn-I-amb Cu Ah-ÿ-Iƒ I≠v Ahsc n- tj-[n-°p-Ibpw ]cn-l-kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-h¿°v Izp¿-B-≥ ]e- bm-h¿Øn adp-]Sn ¬In-bn-´p-≠v. ""P߃°v k∑m¿Kw h∂t∏mƒ Ah¿ AXv hn-iz-kn-°p- ∂-Xnv XS ambXv, A√mlp Hcp apjys Zq-X-m-bn ntbm- Kn-®n-cn°pIbmtWm F∂ AhcpsS hm°v am-{X-ambncp∂p. (_n-tb) ]dbpI: `qanbnep≈Xv im¥cmbn -S∂v t]mIp∂ ae-°pIfmbncps∂¶n¬ Ahcnte°v B-Im-iØv n∂v Hcp ae°n-s mw ZqXmbn C-d°p-am-bn-cp-∂p.'' (17:-94-˛95) ""Ahcnte°v ntbmKn°s∏´ ZqX∑m¿ ]d™p: B-Im-i- ß-fpsSbpw `qanbpsSbpw krjvSnI¿Ømhmb A-√m-lp-hns‚ Im-cyØnemtWm kwibap≈Xv? nßfpsS ]m-]-߃ n- ߃°v s]mdpØpXcmpw, n¿WnXamb Hcp A-h[n hsc n- ß-ƒ°v kabw o´nØcphmpambn Ah≥ n-ßsf £-Wn- °p-∂p. Ah¿ (P߃) ]d™p: n߃ R-ßsf-t∏m-sebp- ≈ apjy¿ am{XamIp∂p. RßfpsS ]n-Xm°ƒ Bcm[n®v hcp-∂Xn¬ n∂p Rßsf ]n-¥n-cn-∏n-°mmWv n߃ Dt±in°p∂Xv. AXnm¬ hyIvXamb h-√ tcJbpw n߃ R-߃°v sIm≠v h∂pXcq. AhtcmSv A-hcnte°p≈ ssZh- ZqX-∑m¿ ]d™p: R߃ n-ß-sf-t∏msebp≈ apjy∑m¿ Xs∂bmWv. F¶nepw, A-√m-lp Xs‚ Zmk∑mcn¬ n∂v Xm≥ Dt±-in°p∂htcmSv Hu-Zmcyw ImWn°p∂p. A√mlphns‚ ApaXn {]-Im-c-a-√m-sX n߃°v bmsXmcp sXfnhpw sIm≠v h∂v Xcm≥ R-߃°mhn√. A√mlphns‚ taemWv hnizm-kn- I-ƒ `-c-ta-¬]nt°≠Xv.'' (14:10,11) F¥p-sIm≠v ssZhZqX-∑m-cmbn ae-°p-Isf Ab-®n√? F- ∂ ntj-[n-I-fpsS tNmZy-Ønv Izp¿-B≥ ¬Inb adp-]-Snbpw {it≤-b-am-Wv. ""CbmfpsS (_n bpsS) ta¬ Hcp ae°v C-d-°-s∏-Sm-ØXv
  49. 49. 56 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v F¥mWv F∂pw Ah¿ ]dbpIbp≠mbn. F∂m¬ mw ae°ns Cd°nbncps∂¶n¬ Imcyw (A¥naambn) Xocpamn°s∏Spambncp∂p. ]n∂oSh¿°v kabw o-´n-°n-´p- ambncp∂n√. Cn mw Hcp ae°ns (ZqXmbn) nivN-bn- °pIbmsW¶n¬ Xs∂ B ae°nsbpw mw ]p-cp-j-cq- ]Ønem°pambncp∂p. Aßs (C∂v) Ah¿ B-i-b-°p- g∏ap≠m°p∂ hnjbØn¬ (At∏mgpw) mw Ah¿°v kw- ibap≠m°p∂XmWv.'' (6:8˛9) {]hm-N-I-∑m¿ F¥nv? ssZhZqX-∑mc A√mlp Ab-®-Xnv ]n∂n¬ Nne al-Ømb e£y-ß-fp-≠v. 1. amXrI: {]hm-N-I-∑m¿ ssZhnI am¿K-Z¿i--a-p-k-cn®v Pohn-°p-∂- h-cm-Wv. Ah-cpsS PohnXw a‰p-≈-h¿°v amXr-I-bm-Wv. ""Xo¿®bmbpw n߃°v A√mlphns‚ ZqXn¬ D-Ø-a- amb amXrIbp≠v. AXmbXv A√mlpshbpw A-¥y-Zn--sØ- bpw {]Xo£n®psIm≠ncn°pIbpw, A√mlpsh [m-cm-fambn Hm¿an°pIbpw sNbvXp hcp∂h¿°v.'' (33:21) XnI™ ap-jy-c-s√-¶n¬ CXv km[y-am-hp-I-bp-an-√. 2. `n∂-X°v ]cn-lmcw: kaq-l-Ønse `n∂-X-Iƒ°pw ho£W hyXym-k-ß-ƒ-°pw ]cn-lmcw I≠v sFIy-s∏-Sm-p≈ am¿Kw-Iq-Sn-bmWv ssZ-hnI t_m[{]Imcw P-߃°n-S-bn¬ Xo¿® I¬]n-°p-∂ {]hm- N-I-∑m¿. sI´p-d-∏p≈ kaq-l-Ønv An-hm-cy-amb Hcp am¿Kn¿tZ-i-am-Wn-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""apjy¿ Hscm‰ kapZmbambncp∂p. A¥cw (Ah¿ `n- ∂n--®t∏mƒ hnizmknIƒ°v) kt¥mjhm¿Ø A-dn-bn-°p-hm- pw, (ntj[nIƒ°v) Xm°oXv ¬Iphmpambn A-√m-lp-{]hm- NI-∑msc ntbmKn®p. Ah¿ (P߃) `n∂n® hnjbØn¬ Xo¿∏pI¬]n°phmmbn AhcpsS IqsS k-Xy-thZhpw Ah≥ Ab®psImSpØp. F∂m¬ thZw -¬-I-s∏´h¿ Xs∂ hyIvX-
  50. 50. 57Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v amb sXfnhpIƒ h∂pIn´nbXnp tijw AXn¬ (thZ-hn-j-b- Øn¬) `n∂n®n´p≈Xv Ah¿ XΩnep≈ amXvkcyw aqea√msX as‰m∂psIm≠pa√. F-∂m-¬ GsXmcp kXyØn¬ n∂v Ah¿ `n∂n®I∂pthm B kXyØnte°v A√mlp Xs‚ Xm¬-]cy- {]Imcw k-Xy-hnizmknIƒ°v hgn ImWn®p. Xm≥ Dt±-in-°p- ∂-hsc A-√mlp icnbmb ]mXbnte°v bn°p∂p.'' (2:213) 3. Hgn-I-gnhv ]d-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥: -∑-Iƒ kzoI-cn®v ssZhnIam¿K-Z¿i--߃°-p-kr-X-am-bn Pohn-®-h¿°v c£n-Xm-hns‚ {]Xn-^-ew kw_-‘n® k- t¥mjhm¿Øbpw, Xn∑-I-fpsS h‡m-°-fmbn PohnXw in- ∏n-®-h¿°v hcm-n-cn-°p∂ Zpc-¥-ß-sf-°p-dn® Xm-°o-Xpw ¬Ip∂ {]hm-N-I-∑m¿, ssZhnI hnNm-c-W-bpsS thf-bn¬ bmsXm-cp-hn[ Hgn-I-gn-hp-Iƒ nc-Øm-Xn-cn-°p-hm-≥-th-≠n A√mlp ÿm]n® i‡-amb sXfn-hp-IƒIq-Sn-bm-Wv. _n ]d-bp∂p: ""A√m-lp-hn-t-°mƒ ymb-amb Hgn-I-gn-hp-Iƒ kzoI- cn-°m-n-jvS-s∏-Sp∂ as‰m-cm-fp-an-√. A°m-c-W-Øm-emWv Ah≥ kt¥m-j-hm¿Ø Adn-bn-°p-∂-hcpw ap∂-dn-bn∏v ¬Ip-∂-h-cp- amb ZqX-∑msc ntbm-Kn-®Xv'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkv-enw). A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""kt¥mjhm¿Ø A-dn-bn-°p-∂-h-cpw, Xm°oXv ¬Ip∂hcpamb ZqX∑mcmbncp∂p Ah¿. B ZqX∑m¿°v tijw P߃°v A√mlphnsXncn¬ H-cp ymbhpw C√mXncn°m≥ th≠nbmWXv. A√mlp {]-Xm-]nbpw bpIvXnampamIp∂p.'' (4:165) apl-ΩZv _n -bpsS ntbm-K-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v C-°m-cyw H∂p-IqSn Izp¿-B≥ Bh¿Øn-°p-∂Xv ImWpI. ""thZ°mtc, ssZhZqX∑m¿ hcmsX Hcp CSthf I-gn-™ tijw n߃°v (Imcy߃) hnhcn®pX∂p sIm≠v -ΩpsS ZqX≥ CXm nßfpsS ASpØv h∂ncn°p∂p. R-ß-fpsS ASpØv Hcp kt¥mjhm¿Ø°mctm, Xm-°o-Xp-Im-ctm h∂n√ F∂v n߃ ]dbmXncn°m≥ th-≠n-bm-Wn-Xv. AsX, n߃°v kt¥mjhm¿Ø Adnbn°pIbpw, Xm°oXv ¬IpIbpw sNøp∂ Bƒ (CXm) h∂p I-gn-™n-cn°p∂p.
  51. 51. 58 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v A√mlp GXv ImcyØnpw Ign-hp-≈-h--s{X.'' (5:19) "R߃ Adn-™n-√, tI´n√' F∂v Hcmƒ°v ymb-hm-Z-ß- ƒ nc-Øm≥ Ign-bm-Ø-hn[w FXn¿tcJ-Iƒ ÿm]n-°-s∏-´n- cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v kmcw. {]hmNI∑mtcmSp≈ ISaIƒ tam£-Øn-s‚bpw kam-[m--Øn-s‚bpw ]mT-߃ ]d-™p- X∂v ∑-bpsS ]mX-bn-eqsS ssI]n-Sn-®m--bn® kXy-k-‘- ∑mcpw ap-jy-kvt-ln-I-fp-amb ssZh-Zq-X-∑msc kvtln-°p- Ibpw BZ-cn-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠-Xp-≠v. Ah-cn-eq-sS e`n® t´w a‰m-cn-eqsS e`n-°p∂ t´-ß-tf-°mfpw a-l-Ø-c-am-Wv. Ah¿ B ∑-bpsS am¿K-Øn¬ kln® Xym-K-߃°pw IjvS-X- Iƒ°pw Xpey-X-bn-√. ∑-Iƒ am{Xw k-aq-l-Ønv kΩm-n® Ah-cn¬ ]e-scbpw kz¥w PX a¿-Zn-°p-Ibpw sIme-s∏-Sp- Øp-Ibpw mSp-I-S-Øp-I-bp-sam-s°-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. AØcw ntj-[n-Iƒ°v Cu temI Pohn-X-Ønepw ]mc-{XnIPohn-X- Ønepw e`n-°p∂ in£sb kw_-‘n®v Izp¿-B≥ hnh-cn-°p- ∂p-≠v. ""ChcpsS apºv qlns‚ PXbpw d pImcpw, YaqZv k- apZmbhpw kXyw ntj[n°pIbp≠mbn. BZv k-ap-Zm-b-hpw, ^n¿Hupw, eqXzns‚ ktlmZcßfpw, ac-°q-´-ß-ƒ-°n-Sbn¬ hkn®ncp∂hcpw, Xp∫Cs‚ PXbpw. C-h-sc-√mw ssZhZqX∑msc ntj[n®p X≈n. At∏mƒ (Ahcn¬) F-s‚ Xm°oXv kXyambn ]pe¿∂p.'' (50:12-˛14) Ah-cpsS al-Xzhpw {]tXy-I-X-Ifpw Xncn-®-dn™ hnizm-kn- Iƒ as‰-¥n-t-°mfpw Ahsc kvtln-°p-hmpw Ah-cpsS am¿K-n¿tZ-i-߃ ]n≥]-‰p-hmpw _m[y-ÿ-cm-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""kXyhnizmknItf, ]WvUn-X-≥-am-cnepw ]ptcmlnX∑mcnepw s]´ [mcmfw t]¿ P-ß-fp-sS [w Aym- b-ambn Xn∂pIbpw, A√mlphns‚ am¿K-Øn-¬ n∂v (Ahsc) XS-bpIbpw sNøp∂p. kz¿Whpw sh-≈n-bpw nt£-]am-°n- sh-°pIbpw, A√mlphns‚ am-¿-KØn¬ AXv sNe-hgn-°m- Xncn-°pIbpw sNøp∂hcmtcm A-h¿°v thZtbdnb in£-
  52. 52. 59Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v sb-∏‰n kt¥mjhm¿Ø A-dn-bn°pI.'' (9:34) ""AhscbmWv A√mlp t¿hgnbnem°nbn´p≈Xv. A-Xn-m- ¬ AhcpsS t¿am¿KsØ o ]n¥pS¿∂v sIm≈pI. (_n- tb) ]dbpI: CXns‚ t]cn¬ bmsXmcp {]Xn^ehpw Rm-≥ nß-tfmSv Bhiys∏Sp∂n√. CXv temI¿°v th-≠n-bp≈ Hcp D¬t_m[a√msX as‰m∂pa√.'' (6:90) Ah-cpsS {]hm-N-I-Xz-aw-Ko-I-cn-°p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS A[ym-]- -ßsf ssZhnI shfn-]m-Sp-I-sf∂ ne-bn¬ BZ-cn-°p-Ibpw thWw. Ah-bnse bp‡n-c-l-ky-߃ Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ km-[n- ®n√ F∂-Xns‚ t]cn¬ Ahsb ]cn-l-kn-°p-Itbm n-tj-[n- °p-Itbm sNøm≥ ]mSp-≈-X-√. A√mlp {]hm-N-I-mbn sXc- s™-Sp-Ø-h-cmbn {]am-W-߃ Adn-bn® Hcm-fp-sS -t]mepw {]hm- N-IXzw ntj-[n-°m-h-X-√. Ah-cn¬ H-cmsf ntj-[n-®m¬ Xs∂ k¿h {]hm-N-I-∑m-scbpw ntj-[n-®-Xnv Xpey-am-bn. BZy-a-p-jypw H∂m-asØ _nbpw BZw _n bm-Wv. F∂m¬ H∂m-asØ dkq¬ qlv _n -bm-Wv. At±-lsØ ntj-[n-®-h-sc-°p-dn®v A√mlp ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWpI. ""qlns‚ PX ssZhZqX∑msc ntj[n®p X≈n.'' (26:105) A√mlp Ab® {]hm-N-I-∑m-cn¬ Nnesc AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw a‰p -Nn-esc ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv XnI™ ntj-[hpw nμy-amb in£°v A¿l-am-°p∂ Imcy-am-sW∂pw Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øp∂p. ""A√mlphnepw Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcnepw A-hn-iz-kn-°p-I-bpw, (hnizmkImcyØn¬) A√mlphnpw Ahs‚ Zq-X-≥-am¿- °panSbn¬ hnthNw I¬]n°m≥ B{Kln°pIbpw R߃ Nne-cn--¬ hnizkn°pIbpw, Nnesc n-tj-[n-°p-I-bpw sNøp∂p F∂v ]dbpIbpw, Aßs AXn∂nSbn¬ (hn-izmkØnpw AhnizmkØnpanSbn¬) as‰mcp am¿Kw kzo-Icn°m≥ Dt±in°pIbpw sNøp∂hcmtcm, Ah¿ X-s∂-bmIp∂p bYm¿YØn¬ kXyntj[nIƒ. k-Xy-n-tj-[n-Iƒ°v A]amIcamb in£ mw Hcp°nsh®n´p≠v.'' (4:150-˛151) aqkm- -h-sc-bp≈ {]hm-N-I-∑msc AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw ti-
  53. 53. 60 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v -jw h∂ Cukm--_n sbbpw apl-ΩZv _n -sbbpw AwKo- I-cn-°m-Xn-cn°pIbpw sNbvX PqX-∑m-cp-sSbpw Cukm- -bn¬ hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw apl-ΩZv _n -bn¬ Ahn-iz-kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX ss{IkvX-h-cp-sSbpw am¿K-{`wiw CXn¬n∂v hy‡- am-Wv. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ aql-ΩZv _n -bpsS {]hm-N-I-Xz-sØ- °p-dn®v tamsi {]hm-N-Ipw tbiphpw kphn-tijadn-bn-®n-cp- ∂-Xmbn ss__nƒ X-s∂bpw km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠v. Izp¿- B≥ Ah-sc-°p-dn®v ]-d-™-sX{X icn! ""mw thZw ¬Inbn´p≈h¿°v kz¥w a°sf A-dn-bm- hp∂Xv t]mse At±lsØ (dkqens) A-dn-bm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Xo¿®bmbpw Ahcn¬ Hcp hn`mKw Adn™psIm≠v Xs∂ kXyw ad®psh°pIbmIp∂p.'' (2:146) ""mw thZ{KŸw ¬Inbn´p≈h¿ kz¥w a°sf A-dn- bp∂Xv t]mse AXv Adnbp∂p≠v. kztZlßsf -jv-S-Øn- em°nbhcs{X Ah¿. AXnm¬ Ah¿ hn-iz-kn-°p-I-bn√.'' (6:20) hnizm-kn-I-tfm-Smbn A√m-lp-hns‚ n¿tZiw k¿h {]hm- N-I-∑m-scbpw AwKo-I-cn-°p-hm-m-Wv. Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂p. ""n߃ ]dbpI: A√mlphnepw, Ah¶¬ n∂v R-ß-ƒ°v AhXcn∏n®p In´nbXnepw, C{_mloanpw C-kv-am-Cuenpw CkvlmJnpw bAvJq_npw bAvJq_v k-¥-XnIƒ°pw AhXcn∏n®v sImSpØXnepw, aqkm, Cukm F∂nh¿°v ¬Is∏´Xnepw, k¿Δ {]hmNI∑m¿°pw A-hcpsS c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v ¬-I-s∏-´-Xn-(ktμ-i-ß-fn)epw R߃ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. Ahcn¬ B¿°nSbnepw R߃ hnthNw I¬]n°p∂n√. R߃ Ah∂v (A-√m-lphn∂v) Iogvs]´v Pohn°p∂hcpamIp∂p.''(2:136) B n¿tZiw kzoI-cn® kXy-hn-izm-kn-I-fpsS {]Jym-]w Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øp-∂Xv ImWp-I. ""Xs‚ c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v Xn°v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xn-¬ dkq¬ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. (AXnsXpS¿∂v) k-Xy-hn-izm-kn- I-fpw. Ahsc√mw A√mlphnepw, Ahs‚ a-e-°p-Ifnepw Ah-
  54. 54. 61Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v s‚ thZ{KŸßfnepw, Ahs‚ Zq-X-≥-am-cn-epw hniz-kn-®ncn-°p- ∂p. Ahs‚ ZqX∑mcn¬ B-¿-°p-an-S-bn¬ Hcp hnthNhpw R- ß-ƒ I¬]n°p∂n√. (F-∂-Xm-Wv AhcpsS ne]mSv.) Ah¿ ]d-bpIbpw sNbvXp: R-ß-fn-Xm tIƒ°pIbpw Apk-cn°p- I-bpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. R-ßfpsS mYm! RßtfmSv s]mdpt°Wta. n-∂n-te-°m-Ip-∂p (RßfpsS) aS°w.'' (2:285) A√mlp Ab® {]hm-N-I-∑m-cpsS Iq´-Øn¬ t]cpw Ncn- {Xhpw hni-Z-am-°-s∏-´-hcpw A√m-Ø-h-cp-ap-≠v. hni-Zo-I-cWw e`y-a-√m-Ø-h-sc-°p-dn®v samØ-Ønepw hni-Zmw-i-߃ e`y-am- b-h-cpsS t]cpw hnh-c-W-ß-fp-a-S°w AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw thWw. ""n°v apºv mw ]e ZqX∑mscbpw Ab®n´p≠v. A-h-cn- ¬ Nnesc∏‰n mw n°v hnhcn®pX∂n´p≠v. Ahcn¬ Nnesc- ∏-‰n n°v mw hnhcn®pX∂n´n√. bmsXmcp Zq-X-∂pw A√m- lp-hns‚ ApaXntbmSv IqSnb√msX Hcp Zr-jv-Sm-¥w sIm≠p hcm-mhn√. F∂m¬ A√mlphns‚ I-¬-]- h∂m¬ ym-b- {]-Imcw hn[n°s∏Sp∂XmWv. A-k-Xy-hm-ZnIƒ AhnsS jvS- Øn-emhpIbpw sNøpw.'' (40:78) Ah-cn¬ G‰hpw D¬Ir-jvS¿ A©p-t]-cm-Wv. Dep¬ A-kvav (Zr-V-a--kvI¿) F∂mWv Ah¿ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. q-lv , C{_mlnw , aqkm , Cukm , apl-ΩZv F-∂n-h-cm-W- h¿. apl-ΩZv _n A¥y-{]-hm-N-I≥ A√mlp Ab® {]hm-N-I-∑m-cn¬ A¥n-a-mWv apl-Ω-Zv _n . {InkvXm_vZw 571¬ a°-bn¬ Pn® At±lw aZo--bn- emWv A¥y-hn-{iaw sIm≈p-∂Xv. IrXy-amb Ncn-{X-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ Pohn® At±-l-Øns‚ Pohn-Xhpw ktμ-ihpw Ip‰a‰ coXn-bn¬ G‰hpw imkv{Xo-b-ambn C∂pw e`y-am-Wv. C{Xbpw hy‡-amb Ncn-{X-Øns‚ ]n≥_-e-Øn¬ Pohn-°p- Ibpw Pohn-X-Ønse clky kw`-h-߃ hsc C-{X-bpw IrXy- ambn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX as‰mcp ap-jy-sbpw ImWpI km[y-a-√. ImcWw At±lw temIm-h-kmw hsc- bp≈ k¿h-cn-te-°p-ap≈ ssZh-Zq-X-m-Wv. k¿h ap-jy¿°p-
  55. 55. 62 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ap≈ [m¿an-I n¿tZ-i-ßfpw k∑m¿K hn-h-c-W-hp-amWv At±- l-Øns‚ Pohn-Xw. At±-lsØ ]n-≥-]‰n Pohn-°-em-Wv tam£- Øns‚ am¿Kw. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p: ""]dbpI: apjytc, Xo¿®bmbpw Rm≥ n-ß-fn-te-s°-√m- ap≈ A√mlphns‚ ZqXmIp∂p.BImißfpsSbpw `qan-bp- sS-bpw B[n]Xyw GsXmcph∂mtWm Ahs‚ (ZqX≥). A-h- -√msX Hcp ssZhhpan√. Ah≥ Pohn-∏n-°p-Ibpw acn-∏n-°p-I- bpw sNøp∂p. AXnm¬ n߃ A-√m-lphnepw Ah-s‚ ZqX- n-epw hnizkn°phn≥. AsX, A-√mlphnepw Ahs‚ hN-- ßfnepw hnizkn°p∂ A-£-cPvRman√mØ B {]hm-NI- n-¬. At±lsØ n-ß-ƒ ]n≥]‰phn≥ n߃ t¿am¿Kw {]m]n°mw.'' (7:158) ""ns∂ mw apjy¿°mIamw kt¥mjhm¿Ø A-dn-bn- °p-hmpw Xm°oXv ¬Iphmpw BbnsIm≠v X-s∂-bm-Wv Ab®n´p≈Xv. ]s£, apjycn¬ A[nIt]cpw A-dn-bp∂n√.'' (34:28) A√mlp Ab® {]hm-N-I-∑m¿s°m-s°bpw Ah-cpsS {]hm- N-I-Xz-Øns‚ kXyX hy‡-am-°p∂ sXfn-hp-Ifpw ¬I-s∏- ´n-´p-≠v. GsXmcp {]hm-N-I-s‚bpw P-X°v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-hm≥ am{Xw i‡hpw hy‡-hp-am-bn-cp∂p B ZrjvSm-¥-ß-sfm-s°- bpw. A¥y-{]-hm-N-I-mb apl-ΩZv _n °pw AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ A-h[n ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. AXn¬ G‰hpw {][m-hpw F°m-e-tØ-°p-ap≈ F√m-h-¿-°pw At±-l-Øns‚ {]hm-N-IXzw Xncn-®-dn-bm-p-ap≈ D-Ø-a ZrjvSm-¥-hp-amWv hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥. B hnip≤ {KŸw kXy-k-‘-ambn ]Thnt[-b-am-°p-∂ B¿°pw AXns‚ ssZhn-I-Xbpw apl-ΩZv _n bp-sS {]hm- N-IXzhpw An-tj-[y-ambn t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. A-√mlp ]d- bp-∂p. ""ΩpsS Zmkv mw AhXcn∏n®psImSpØXns (hn-ip-≤ Izp¿Bs) ]‰n n߃ kwibmep°fmsW¶n¬ A--Xns‚Xv t]m-ep≈ Hcp A[ymbsa¶nepw n߃ sIm-≠p-hcnI. A√mlp-hnv ]pdsa n߃°p≈ k-lm-bn-I-tf-bpw hnfn-®p-
  56. 56. 63Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v sIm-≈pI. n߃ kXyhm∑mcmsW¶n¬ (AXmWt√m th- ≠-Xv). n߃°Xv sNøm≥ Ign™n-s√-¶n-¬ n߃°Xv Hcn- °-epw sNøm≥ IgnbpIbpan√. ap-jy-cpw I√pIfpw C‘-- am-bn IØn°s∏Sp∂ cImKvnsb n߃ ImØp-kq£n- ®psIm≈pI. kXyntj[nI-ƒ-°p-th-≠n Hcp-°ns-h°-s∏-´- XmIp∂p AXv.'' (2:23,24) apl-ΩZv _n -tbmsS {]hm-NIirwJ-e Ah-km-n-®p. Cn- sbmcp {]hm-N-I≥ hcn-I-bn-√. ""aplΩZv nßfpsS ]pcpj∑mcn¬ HcmfpsSbpw ]nXmhmbn´n√. ]s£, A-t±-lw A√mlphns‚ ZqXpw {]hmNI∑mcn¬ Ahkm--sØ BfpamIp∂p. A√mlp GXv ImcysØ∏‰nbpw Adn-hp- ≈hmIp∂p.'' (33:40) AXn-m¬ temIm-h-kmw hsc-bp≈ k¿h ap-jypw At±- l-Øn¬ hniz-kn®v At±-l-Øn-eqsS temI-c-£n-Xmhv Ah-X- cn-∏n® am¿K-n¿tZ-i-߃ ]n≥]-‰¬ n¿_-‘-am-Wv. ""C√, ns‚ c£nXmhnsØs∂bmW kXyw; Ah¿-°n- Sbn¬ `n∂Xbp≠mb ImcyØn¬ Ah¿ ns∂ hn[n-I-¿- Ømhm°pIbpw, o hn[nI¬]n®Xns∏‰n ]n∂oShcpsS a pIfn¬ Hcp hnjahpw tXm∂mXncn°pIbpw, AXv ]q¿Wambn kΩXn®v Apkcn°pIbpw sNøp∂Xp hsc Ah¿ hnizmknIfmhpIbn√.'' (4:65) ""A√mlphpw Ahs‚ dkqepw Hcp ImcyØn¬ Xocp-am- saSpØv Ign™m¬ kXyhnizmknbmb Hcp ]pcp-j-∂m-Is´, kv{Xo°mIs´ XßfpsS ImcysØ kw_‘n®v kz-X{¥amb A`n{]mbw D≠mbncn°mhp∂X√. h√hpw A-√mlpshbpw Ahs‚ ZqXsbpw [n°cn°p∂ ]£w A-h≥ hyIvXamb nebn¬ hgn]ng®p t]mbncn°p∂p.'' (33:36) apl-ΩZv _n -bpsS ntbm-K--Ønv tijw At±-l-Øn¬ hniz-kn-°m-Ø-h¿ Ip‰-°m-cm-sW∂pw ssZhnIktμ-i-Ønv tsc ntj-[m-flI kao]w ssIs°m-≠-Xn-m¬ c-Im-h- Im-in-I-fm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂pw Ahn-Sp∂v ap∂-dn-bn∏v ¬In-bn-´p-≠v. _n ]d™p: ""apl-Ω-Zns‚ Bflmhv BcpsS Iøn-emtWm
  57. 57. 64 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Ah≥ X-s∂-bmW kXyw! Cu kap-Zm-b-Ønse PqX-tm, {InkvXym-ntbm Bcp-am-Is´ Fs∂-°p-dn®v tI´-tijw Rm≥ GsXm-∂p-ambn Ab-°-s∏-´pthm AXn¬ hniz-kn-°msX ac-W- s∏-Sp-∂-]£w Xo¿®-bmbpw Abmƒ c-Im-h-Im-in-I-fn¬ s]´- h-m-bn-cn°pw.'' (apkv-enw). k¿h ∑-bn-te°pw hgn--S-Øp-∂, ]q¿h thZ-{K-Ÿ-ß-ƒ kt¥m-j-hm¿Ø-b-dn-bn® B A¥na {]hm-N-Is‚ am-¿Kn¿tZ- i-߃ kzoI-cn®v tam£w ssIh-cn-°p-hm-mWv Izp¿-B≥ n¿tZ- in-°p-∂-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""(AXmbXv) XßfpsS ]°ep≈ XudmØnepw C≥-Po-en- epw tcJs∏SpØs∏´Xmbn Ah¿°v Is≠Øm≥ Ignbp-∂ B A£cPvRman√mØ {]hmNImb ssZhZqXs (ap-l- Ω-Zv-_nsb) ]n≥]‰p∂h¿°v (B ImcpWyw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp- ∂-XmWv.) AhtcmSv At±lw kZmNmcw I¬-]n-°p-Ibpw, Zpcm- Nm-cØn¬ n∂v Ahsc hne°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. √ hkvXp- °-ƒ Ah¿°v AphZobam°pIbpw, NoØ hkvXp°ƒ A-hcpsS ta¬ njn≤am°pIbpw sN-øp-∂p. AhcpsS `mc- ß-fpw AhcpsS taep≠mbncp∂ hne-ßp-Ifpw At±lw Cd- °n-sh°pIbpw sNøp∂p. At∏mƒ A-t±lØn¬ hnizkn- °p-Ibpw At±lsØ ]n¥p-W-°p-I-bpw klmbn°pIbpw At±-ltØmsSm∏w A-h-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´n´p≈ B {]ImisØ ]n≥-]‰pIbpw sNbvXhcmtcm, Ah¿ Xs∂bmWv hnPbnIƒ.'' (7:157) sΩ krjvSn®v ]cn-]m-en-°p∂ A√mlp Ahs‚ kXy-Zq-- X-∑msc Adn-bmpw ]n≥]-‰p-hmpw sΩ Ap-{K-ln-°s´!
  58. 58. A¥y-Zn--Øn-ep≈ hnizmkw ap-jy-c-S-°-ap≈ krjvSn-I-sf√mw in-°p∂ Hcp Znw hcm-p-≠v. {kjvSm-h-√m-Ø-h-scm-s°bpw in-°p-∂-Xm- Wv. ""Hcp Imebfhnp tijw CXnse hrØm¥w nß- ƒ-°v a nemhpI Xs∂ sNøpw.'' (38:88) ""AhnsS (`qapJØv)bp≈ F√mhcpw in®v t]mIp- ∂-hcmIp∂p. alXzhpw DZmcXbpw D≈hmb ns‚ c£n-Xmhns‚ apJw Ahtijn°p∂XmWv.'' (55:26-,27) ]n∂oSv Ah-sc-sbms° ]p¿Po-hn-∏n®v Hcp-an®v Iq´p- Ibpw Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cp-sSbpw I¿a-߃°-p-k-cn®v hnNm-c- Wbpw {]Xn-^-ehpw n¿h-ln-°-s∏-Sp∂ oXn-bpsS Hcp thZn hcm-p-s≠∂pw Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p. Ckv-em-anI hnizmk Imcy-ß-fn¬ kp{]-[m--amb H∂m-Wn-Xv. Ahn- sS-bmWv ap-jy-cpsS I¿a-߃ hnNm-cW sNø-s∏-Sp-∂- Xv. ∑°v ∑bpw Xn∑-Iƒ°v in£bpw {]Xn-^-e-ambn ¬I-s∏-Sp∂ IrXy-amb oXn-bpsS temIw. oXn-am-mb ]S® Xºp-cms‚ Af-h‰ Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ 6 A[ymbw
  59. 59. 66 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v `mK-amWv B temIw. ∑-˛-Xn-∑-Iƒ°v IrXy-amb {]Xn-^-ew ¬Ip-hmtm IW-°m-°p-hmtm t]mepw Cu `uXnI temIw ]e-t∏mgpw ]cym-]vX-a-√. qdp-t]sc sIm∂-bmƒ°pw Hcmsf sIm∂-bmƒ°pw Hcn-°¬am{Xw h[-in£ hn[n-°p-hmt Cu temIØv km[n-°p-I-bp-≈q. sIm√-s∏-´-h-cpsS thZ--Itfm hnIm-c-ßtfm AXns‚ ]cn-Wn-Xn-Itfm H∂pw `uXnI tImS- Xn-Iƒs°m∂pw IrXy-ambn Xn´-s∏-Sp-Øm-m-hn-√. Hcp-]-s£, sIm√-s∏-´-h-cn¬ ]ecpw ]e IpSpw-_-ß-fp-sSbpw AØm-Wn- bm-bn-cn-°mw. Ah¿ sIme-sN-ø-s∏-´-Xn-eqsS IÆo-cn-emgv∂ F{Xtbm Bfp-I-fp-≠mhpw! AXp-t]m-se-bm-bn-cn-°ptam {Iqcpw A{I-an-bp-amb B sIme-]m-X-In-bpsS h[-Øn-eqsS kw`-hn-°p- ∂Xv? A√. Hcn-°-ep-a-√. A{]-Im-cw-Xs∂ qdp-I-W-°nv Bfp-Iƒ°v B{i-bhpw klm-b-hp-ambn ne-sIm≠v a‰p-≈-h-cpsS IjvS-X-Ifpw {]bm- k-ßfpw C√m-Xm-°m≥ Bflm¿Y-ambn ]cn-{i-an-°p∂ Hcp henb apjy kvtln, Xs‚ njvIma tkh--Øn-n-S-bn-¬ ac-W-s∏-´p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Abmƒ°v IrXy-amb {]Xn-^ew -¬Im≥ `uXnItemIsØ GXv tImS-Xn°pw oXn-am-p-amWv km[n- °pI? F∂n-cns° nc-]-cm-[n-Iƒ in£n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw A]- cm-[n-Iƒ c£-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Cu `u-XnI temIØv oXn- °mbn Hcp thgm-º-en-s-t]mse Zmln-°p∂ F{Xtbm Bfp- I-fp-≠v. Ah¿s°m-s°bpw {]Xo-£-bpsS Inc-W-߃ sNmcn- bp∂ IrXy-amb oXn-bpsS tem-I-amWv Ckvemw ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp- Øp∂ ]c-tem-Iw. Ahn-SpsØ hnP-b-amWv A¥n-ahpw imiz- X-hp-amb hnP-bw. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""GsXmcp tZlhpw acWw Bkz- Zn°p∂XmWv. nßfpsS {]Xn^e߃ Dbn-¿-sØ-gp-t∂-¬-]ns‚ mfn¬ am{Xta n߃°v ]q¿Wambn ¬I-s∏-Sp-Ibp≈q. At∏mƒ B¿ cIØn¬ n∂v AI‰nn-¿-Ø-s∏-SpIbpw kz¿KØn¬ {]thin∏n°s∏SpIbpw sN-øp-∂p-thm AhmWv hnPbw tSp∂Xv.'' (3:185) B Znh-k-Øns‚ ]q¿Wm-[n-Imcw oXn-am-mb A√m-lp- hnv am{X-am-bn-cn-°pw. Ahs‚ hn[n-bntem Xocp-am--ß-fntem
  60. 60. 67Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v CS-s]-Sp-hm≥ Hcmƒ°pw km[n-°p-∂-X-√. ""{]-Xn-^-e ZnhkØns‚ DSaÿ≥.'' (1:4) `uXnI temIØv F{X-Xs∂ D‰-hcpw DS-b-h-cp-am-bn-cp-∂- h¿ t]mepw n -lm-b-cmbn tm°n n¬°p-I-b-√msX bmsXmcp ne-°p-ap-]-I-cn-°mØ temI-as{X AXv. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. ""Hcmƒ°pw as‰mcmƒ°v th≠n Hcp D]Imchpw sNøm≥ ]‰mØ Hcp ZnhksØ n߃ kq£n°pI. (A-∂v) Hcmfn¬ n∂pw Hcp ip]m¿ibpw kzoIcn°-s∏Sp-I-bn-√. Hcmfn¬n∂pw Hcp {]mb›nØhpw taSn°s∏SpIbpan√. Ah¿°v Hcp klmbhpw e`n°pIbpan√.'' (2:48) ""Hcmƒ°pw as‰mcmƒ°pth≠n Hcp D]Imchpw sN-øp-hm- ≥ ]‰mØ, Hcmfn¬ n∂pw Hcp {]mb›nØhpw kzo- Icn°s∏SmØ, Hcmƒ°pw Hcp ip]m¿ibpw {]tbmP- s∏SmØ, B¿°pw Hcp klmbhpw e`n°mØ Hcp Zn-h- ksØ (ymbhn[nbpsS ZnhksØ) n߃ kq-£n-°p-I-bpw sNøpI.'' (2:123) ""apjytc, n߃ nßfpsS c£nXmhns kq-£n-°p-I. Hcp ]nXmhpw Xs‚ k¥mØnv {]tbmPw sNømØ, Hcp k¥Xnbpw ]nXmhnv H´pw {]tbmPImcnbmhmØ Hcp ZnhksØ n߃ `bs∏SpIbpw sNøpI. Xo¿®bmbpw A√m- lp-hns‚ hmKvZmw kXyamIp∂p. AXnm¬ sFlnIPohnXw nßsf h©n®p IfbmXncn°s´. ]cah©Imb ]n-im-Npw A√mlphns‚ ImcyØn¬ nßsf h©n®p If-bm-Xncn°s´.'' (31:33) AhnsS Xcn-ºpw Ao-Xn-bp-≠m-hn√. ""n߃ A√mlp-hn- ¶te°v aS°s∏Sp∂ Hcp ZnhksØ kq£n®p-sIm-≈p-I. F∂n´v HmtcmcpØ¿°pw Ahch¿ {]h¿Øn®Xns‚ ^-ew ]q¿Wambn ¬Is∏Sp∂XmWv. AhtcmSv (H´pw) A-o-Xn ImWn°s∏SpIbn√.'' (2:281) hnhn[ t]cp-Iƒ
  61. 61. 68 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v B Znh-k-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ ]e kwK-Xn-I-sfbpw Hm-¿-a- s∏-Sp-Øp∂ hnhn[ t]cp-I-fn-eqsS Izp¿-B≥ B Znh-k-sØ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. 1. A¥y-k-abw (A- mA:) ""Xo¿®bmbpw A¥ykabw hcpI Xs∂ sNøpw. A-Xn-m¬ o `wKnbmbn am∏v sNbvXv sImSp°pI.'' (15:85) 2. `b-¶c kw`hw (A¬ Jmcn-A) a- n¬ `oXn Db¿Øp∂ `b-¶c kw`-h-߃ A∂v -S-°p- sa∂ kqN--bmWv Cu t]cn-ep-≈-Xv. ""`b¶camb B kw`hw. `b¶camb kw`hw F∂m¬ F¥mIp∂p? `b¶-c-amb kw`hsa∂m¬ F¥msW∂v n°dnbptam? a-p-jy-∑m¿ Nn∂n®nXdnb ]m‰sbt∏mse BIp∂ Znhkw! ]¿hX߃ IS™ B´n≥ tcmaw t]msebpw...'' (101:1-˛5) 3. Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]ns‚ Znhkw (bu-ap¬ _A-vYv) F√m-hcpw ]p¿Po-hn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ Znh-k-am-b-Xp-sIm-≠mWv C{]-Imcw ]d-b-s∏-´-Xv. ""apjytc, Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns ]‰n n߃ kw-i- bØnemsW¶n¬ (BtemNn®v tm°pI:) Xo¿®bmbpw mamWv nßsf aÆn¬ n∂pw,]n∂oSv _oPØn¬ n∂pw, ]n∂oSv {`qWØn¬ n∂pw, A¥cw cq]w ¬Is∏´Xpw cq]w ¬Is∏SmØXpamb amwk-]n-fi-Øn¬ n∂pw krjvSn®Xv.'' (22:5) 4. Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]ns‚ Znhkw (bu-ap¬ Jnbm-a) ""A√mlp˛Ah√msX bmsXmcp ssZhhpan√. Dbn¿- sØgpt∂¬]ns‚ ZnhktØ°v Ah≥ nßsfsb√mw H-cp- an®pIq´pI Xs∂ sNøpw. AXn¬ kwibta C√. A√m-lp- sh-°mƒ kXyk‘ambn hnhcw ¬Ip∂h≥ Bcp-≠v?'' (4:87) ""Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns‚ mfn¬ kztZlßfpw X-ß-fpsS kz¥°mcpw jvSs∏´hcmtcm, Ah¿ Xs∂bmIp∂p Xo¿®bmbpw jvS°m¿.'' (42:45) 5. ]pd-s∏-S-ens‚ Znhkw (bu-ap¬ Jpdq-Pv)
  62. 62. 69Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v J_-dp-I-fn¬n∂v ]pd-Øp-h-cp∂ Znhkw F∂ A¿Y-Øn¬. ""AXmbXv B tLmci_vZw bYm¿Yambpw Ah¿ tIƒ- °p-∂ Znhkw. AXs{X (J_vdpIfn¬ n∂p≈) ]pd∏mSn-s‚ Znhkw.'' (50:42) ""AXmbXv Ah¿ Hcp m´°pdnbpsS tsc [rXns∏´v t]mIp∂Xv t]mse J_vdpIfn¬ n∂v ]pds∏´p t]mIp∂ Znhkw.'' (70:43) 6. Xo¿∏v I¬]n-°-ens‚ Znhkw (buap¬ ^kzv¬) F√m-h-scbpw Hcp-an®v Iq´n Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ X¿°-߃ Xo¿Øv hn[n ]d-bp∂ Znh-k-am-W-Xv. ""Ah¿ `n∂X ]p-e-¿- Ønbncp∂ hnjbßfn¬ ns‚ c£nXmhv Xs∂ Dbn-¿ s-Ø- gpt∂¬]ns‚ mfn¬ Ah¿°nSbn¬ Xo¿∏pI¬]n°p-∂-XmWv; Xo¿®.'' (32:25) 7. {]Xn-^e Znhkw (bu-ap-±o≥) ∑-˛-Xn-∑-Iƒ°v IrXy-amb {]Xn-^ew ¬I-s∏-Sp∂ Zn-h- k-am-Wv. ""Ah¿ ]dbpw: Atlm! R߃°v IjvSw! CXv {]Xn-^- eØns‚ ZnamWt√m!'' (37:20) ""{]Xn^e ZnhkØns‚ DSaÿ≥.'' (1:4) 8. A¥y-Znw (bu-ap¬ BJn¿) AYhm A¥y-`-hw (Zm- dp¬ BJn-d) Ah-km--ambn ap-jy¿ FØn-t®-cp-∂-bn-S-sa∂ A¿Y-am- WnXv Ipdn-°p-∂-Xv. ""`qanbn¬ Hu∂Xytam Ipg∏tam B{Kln°mØh¿-°m-Ip- ∂p B ]mc{XnI `hw mw G¿s]SpØnsImSp°p∂Xv. A¥y^ew kq£vaX ]men°p∂h¿°v ApIqeambn-cn- °pw.''28:83) ""Cu sFlnIPohnXw hntmZhpw Ifnbpa√msX a-s‰m- ∂pa√. Xo¿®bmbpw ]ctemIw Xs∂bmWv bYm¿Y Pohn-Xw. Ah¿ a nem°nbncps∂¶n¬!'' (29:64)
  63. 63. 70 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v Cßs B Znh-k-Øns‚ `oI-c-Xbpw `bm--I-X-Ifpw hnhn- [-ß-fmb Ah-ÿ-Ifpw hy‡-am-°p∂ thsdbpw ]e t]-cp-I- fn-eqsS B Znh-ksØ Izp¿-B≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Ahn- izmknIƒ°v A∂p-≠m-Ip∂ sImSpw tJZw, k-Xy-hn-izm-khpw k∑m¿Khpw kzoI-cn-°m-Ø-Øn-eqsS h-∂p-tN¿∂ jvSw F∂nh shfn-s∏-Sp∂ Znhkw F∂n-ß-sf-bp≈ hnh-c-W-߃ AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ NneXv am{X-am-Wv. `bm--I-X-Iƒ, `oI-c-X-Iƒ temIamk-Iew H∂n®v _m[n-°p∂ hen-sbmcp hn]-Øm- bn-cn°pw A¥ykabw AYhm temIm-h-km-w. A∂v kw`-hn- °m-n-cn-°p∂ ]e `bm-I kw`-h-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øn-bn-´p-≠v. s]mSp-∂-s-bp≈ Hcp Zpc-¥-am-bn-cn°pw AXv. HmSn c£-s∏-Sm≥ km[n-°mØ hn[w F-√m-h-scbpw AXv _m[n-°pw. ""ImlfØn¬ DuXs∏Spw. At∏mƒ BImißfnep-≈-h- cpw `qanbnep≈hcpw Nea‰hcmbnØocpw; A√mlp Dt±in®hscmgnsI. ]n∂oSv AXn¬ (ImlfØn¬) a-s‰m-cn-°- ¬ DuXs∏Spw. At∏mgXm Ah¿ Fgpt∂‰v tm°p∂p.'' (39:68) ""Hscm‰ tLmci_vZw am{XamWv Ah¿ ImØncn-°p∂Xv. A-h¿ Atymyw X¿°n®v sIm≠ncns° AXhsc ]n-Sn-IqSpw. At∏mƒ bmsXmcp hkznøØpw ¬Im≥ Ah¿°v km- [n°pIbn√. Ah¿°v AhcpsS IpSpw_Ønte°v a-S-ßm-pw BIpIbn√.'' (36:49-˛50) arK-߃°v sh≈w sImSp-°m-sm-cp-ßp∂ Bƒ AXv ]q¿Øn-bm-°p-∂-Xnv aptº t_m[-a‰v hogp-sa∂pw hkv{Xw hn¬°p-∂-bmƒ hmßp-∂-bmƒ AXv nh¿Øn-°m-Wn-°p-∂-Xn- n-S°v AXv kw`-hn-°p-sa-∂p-sams° _n {]kvXm-hn® lZo- Yp-Iƒ ImWmw. ape-bq-´p∂ amXm-°-fpsS `b-hn-lz-e-X-Ifpw K¿`n- Wn-Iƒ Ah-c-dn-bmsX {]k-hn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xp-sams° Izp¿-B≥ Hm¿a-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠v. ""Xo¿®bmbpw B A¥ykabsØ {]Iºw `b-¶-c-am-b Hcp Imcyw Xs∂bmIp∂p. n߃ AXv ImWp∂ Znhkw
  64. 64. 71Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v GsXmcp apesImSp°p∂ amXmhpw Xm≥ ape-bq-´p∂ Ip™ns∏‰n A{i≤bnembnt∏mIpw. K¿`hXnbmb GsXmcp kv{Xobpw Xs‚ K¿`Ønep≈Xv {]khn®p t]m-Ip-Ibpw sNøpw.'' (22:1,2) `qan AXn-i-‡-ambn {]I-ºw sIm≈pw. £-{X-߃ D- Xn¿∂p-ho-gpw. kqcypw N{μpw Iq´n-ap-´pw. kap-{Z-߃ Ic-I- hn-s™m-gp-Ipw. ap-jy¿ Poh-‰ Cubmw-]m-‰-I-sf-t]m-se-bm- Ipw. F¥p-am{Xw `bm--I-am-bn-cn°pw B cwKw! sNdn-sbmcp `qI-ºtam kpm-antbm _m[n-°p-tºm-tg°v B {]tZ-isØ `oI-cX man∂v ImWp-∂p. F∂m¬ k¿h-Xn-s‚bpw miw Ipdn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ B almkw`hw B¿°mWv AXn-P-bn°m≥ km[n-°pI? A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""F∂m¬ n߃ Ahnizkn°pIbmsW¶n¬, Ip´nIsf c®hcm°nØo¿°p∂ Hcp ZnhksØ n߃°v Fß-s kq£n°mmhpw? AXp nanØw BImiw s]m´n-∏n-f-cp- ∂XmWv. A√mlphns‚ hmKvZmw {]mh¿-ØnIam°-s∏-Sp- ∂XmIp∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw CsXmcp D¬t_m[amIp∂p. A- Xnm¬ h√hpw Dt±in°p∂ ]£w Ah≥ Xs‚ c-£n- Xmhn¶te°v Hcp am¿Kw kzoIcn®p sIm≈s´.'' (73-:17-˛19) D‰-h-scbpw DS-b-h-scbpw Dt]-£n®v Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw A∂v st´m-´-Øn-em-bn-cn-°pw. ""F∂m¬ sNInSS∏n°p∂ B i-_vZw h-∂m¬. AXmbXv apjy≥ Xs‚ ktlmZcs hn´v Hm-Sn-t∏m- Ip-∂ Znhkw. Xs‚ amXmhnsbpw ]nXmhnsbpw. Xs‚ `mcy- sb-bpw a°sfbpw. Ahcn¬s∏´ Hmtcm ap-jy-pw Xn°v a- Xn-bmhp∂{X (Nn¥m)hnjbw A∂v D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.'' (80:33-˛37) B Znh-ksØ kw`-h-ß-sf-°p-dn®v Izp¿-B≥ ho≠pw Hm- ¿an-∏n-°p-∂p. ""BImiw s]m´n ]nfcptºmƒ.£{X߃ sImgn™p hogptºmƒ. kap{Z߃ s]m´n HgpIptºmƒ. J_vdpIƒ C- f°nadn°s∏Sptºmƒ Hmtcm hyIvXnbpw Xm≥ ap≥Iq´n sNbvXp sh®Xpw ]nt∂m´v am‰nsh®Xpw F¥msW∂v Adn-bp∂XmWv.''
  65. 65. 72 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v (82:1˛5) Izp¿-B-ns‚ Ah-km `mKsØ sNdnb A[ym-b-ß-fn¬ apJy-ambn CØcw kwK-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ hyXykvX hnh-c- W-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]pw hnNm-c-Wbpw k¿hXpw in®v AtXmsS F√mw Xo¿∂p F∂√ Izp¿- B≥ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. AtXmsS icn-bmb imizX Pohn-X-Øn- s‚ XpS°w Ipdn-°p-I-bm-Wv. acn®v InS-∂-h¿ F√m-hcpw A√m- lp-hns‚ DØ-c-h--pk-cn®v Poh-tmsS Fgp-t∂-‰p hcp-∂-Xm- Wv. ""ImlfØn¬ DuXs∏Spw. At∏mƒ Ah¿ J_vdpIfn¬ n∂v AhcpsS c£nXmhn¶te°v IpXn®v sN√pw. Ah¿ ]-d- bpw: ΩpsS mita! ΩpsS Dd°Øn¬ n∂v sΩ Fgp- t∂-¬]n®XmcmWv? CXv ]caImcpWnI≥ hmKvZmw sNbv-X- XmWt√m. ssZhZqX∑m¿ kXyw Xs∂bmWv ]-d-™-Xv. AXv Hscm‰ tLmci_vZw am{Xambncn°pw. At∏m-gXm Ah¿ H∂S¶w ΩpsS ASp°¬ lmPcm°s∏Sp∂p.'' (36:51-˛53) ""ZrjvSnIƒ Xmgv∂p t]mbhcmb nebn¬ J_vdpIfn¬ n∂v (mep]mSpw) ]c∂ sh´pInfnIsft∂mWw Ah¿ ]pds∏´v hcpw. hnfn°p∂hs‚ ASptØ°v Ah¿ [rXns∏´v sN√p∂hcmbncn°pw. kXyntj[nIƒ (A∂v)]dbpw: C- sXmcp {]bmkIcamb ZnhkamIp∂p.'' (54:7˛8) ""AXmbXv Ah¿ Hcp m´°pdnbpsS tsc [rXns∏´v t]mIp∂Xv t]mse J_vdpIfn¬ n∂v ]pds∏´p t]mIp∂ Znhkw. AhcpsS IÆpIƒ Iogvt]m´v XmWncn°pw. A]-amw Ahsc BhcWw sNbvXncn°pw. AXmWv Ah¿°v Xm°oXv ¬Is∏´ncp∂ Znhkw.'' (70:43-˛44) k¿h ap-jycpw Hcp-an-®p-Iq-Sp∂ B Znhkw oXn-am-mb A√mlp krjvSn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ oXn-]q¿h--Iambn Xo¿]v I¬]n- °pw. ssZhnI n¿tZ--i-߃ ]men®v μn-bp-≈-h-cmbn Pohn® Ahs‚ Zmk-∑m¿°v Af-h‰ {]Xn-^-e-ßfpw B-μ-Øns‚bpw BÀm-Z-Øn-s‚bpw Ap-Kr-loX temI-amb kz¿Khpw [n°m-
  66. 66. 73Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v cn°pw Ahn-izm-kn-I-fp-amb μn-sI´ ap-jy¿°v ITn--amb in£bpw c-Ihpw {]Xn-^-e-ambn ¬Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. F{X henb [n°m-cnbpw A∂v ]©-]p-O-a-S°n hnNm-c-Wsb tcn-Sp∂ cwKw Izp¿-B≥ DW¿Øp-∂Xv ImWp-I. ""`qan Cu `qanb√mØ as‰m∂mbpw, AXv t]mse B-Im- ißfpw am‰s∏SpIbpw GIpw k¿hm[nImcnbpamb A√mlphn¶te°v Ahsc√mw ]pds∏´v hcpIbpw sNøp∂ Znhkw. B Znhkw Ip‰hmfnIsf NßeIfn¬ Atymyw tN¿Øv _‘n°s∏´Xmbn´v n°v ImWmw. AhcpsS Ip-∏m- b߃ IdpØ Ioev (Sm¿) sIm≠p≈Xmbncn°pw. Ahcp-sS apJßsf Xo s]mXnbp∂XpamWv. Hmtcm hyIvXn°pw Xm-≥ kºmZn®p≠m°nbXnp≈ {]Xn^ew A√mlp ¬-Iphm≥ th≠nbs{X AXv.'' (14:48-˛52) ""Ah¿ shfn°p hcp∂ Znhkas{X AXv. Ahsc kw_- ‘n-®v bmsXmcp Imcyhpw A√mlphn∂v tKm]yambn-cn°p-I- bn-√. Cu Znhkw B¿°mWv cmPm[nImcw? GIpw k-¿-hm- [n]Xnbpamb A√mlphnv. Cu Znhkw Hmtcm hy-IvXn-°pw Xm≥ kºmZn®Xnp≈ {]Xn^ew ¬-I-s∏-Spw.'' (40:16-˛17) kpIr-X-hm-∑m¿°pw Ip‰-hm-fn-Iƒ°pw AhnsS tcn-Sm-n-cn- °p∂ Ah-ÿm-hn-ti-j-ß-sf-°p-dn®v Izp¿-B≥ ]e-bn-S-ß-fn- embn hni-Z-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. ""Xo¿®bmbpw kz¿KhmknIƒ A∂v Hmtcm tPm-en-bn-em- bns°m≠v kpJap`hn°p∂hcmbncn°pw. Ahcpw A-hcpsS CWIfpw XWepIfn¬ AewIrXamb I´nepIfn¬ Nmcnbncn°p∂hcmbncn°pw. Ah¿°hnsS ]gh¿Kßfp≠v, Ah¿°v X߃ Bhiys∏Sp∂X√map≠v. kam[mw! A-Xm- bncn°pw IcpWmn[nbmb c£nXmhn¶¬ n∂v A-h¿°p≈ A`nhmZyw.'' (36:55˛58) ]c-temIw bmYm¿Yy-tam? ac-W-tijw Cß-s-sbmcp hnNm-c-Whpw {]Xn-^-e-hp-sam- s°-bp≈ oXn-bpsS temIw D≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ √-Xp-Xs∂ F∂v B{K-ln-°p-∂-h-cmWv ap-jy-cn¬ A[n-I-t]-cpw. oXnbpw
  67. 67. 74 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ∑bpw B{K-ln-°p∂ a- n-s‚ tX´-am-W-Xv. ]s£, Aß- s-sbm-∂n√t√m F∂v ncm-i-tbmsS ntj-[n-°p-∂-h-cmWv ap-jy-cn¬ Nne¿. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ A-ß-s-sbmcp ]mc- {XnItemI-apt≠m? AXv ImWp-Ibpw Ap-`-hn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX Bsc-¶n-ep-apt≠m? Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬]pw hnNm-c-Wbpw c- Ihpw kz¿Khp-sams° bmYm-¿Yy-amtWm? acn®v aÆpw Aÿn- i-I-e-ß-fp-ambn Xo¿∂ a-p-jy≥ Fßs ho≠pw Pohn°pw? F∂n-XymZn nc-h[n kwi-b-ßfpw Bi-b-°p-g-∏-ßfpw ]e- scbpw Ae-´m-dp-≠v. hnip≤ Izp¿-B≥ ]c-tem-I-Øns‚ kw`-hy-Xbpw kXy-Xbpw hnhn[ cq]-Øn¬ Xd-∏n-®p-]-d-bp-Ibpw hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp- ∂p-≠v. Ah a- n-cpØn hmbn®v ]T--hn-t[-b-am-°p∂ B¿°pw ]c-temIw kXy-amWv, anYy-b√ F∂v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""apjy≥ I≠nt√; Ahs mw Hcp _oPIWØn¬ n- ∂m-Wv krjvSn®ncn°p∂sX∂v? F∂n´v AhXm Hcp {]Xy- £-am-b FXn¿∏pImcmbncn°p∂p. Ah≥ ap°v Hcp D]a FSp-Øp-ImWn°pIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p. Xs∂ krjvSn®Xv Ah≥ ad-∂pIfbpIbpw sNbvXp. Ah≥ ]d™p: F√pIƒ {Zhn®v t]m-bncns° BcmWv Ahbv°v Poh≥ ¬Ip∂Xv? ]dbpI: BZy-XhW Ahsb D-≠m-°n-bhmtcm Ah≥ Xs∂ Ahbv°v Po-h≥ -¬-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. Ah≥ F√mXcw krjvSn∏ns∏‰nbpw Adn-hp≈-h--s{X. ]®acØn¬ n∂v n߃°v Xo D≠m°n-Ø-∂-hs{X Ah≥ Aßs nßfXm AXn¬ n∂v IØn-s®--Sp°p∂p. BImißfpw `qanbpw krjvSn®h≥ Ah-sc-t∏m-ep≈hsc krjvSn°m≥ Ignhp≈ht√? AsX, A-hs{X k-¿-Δhpw krjvSn°p∂hpw F√mw Adn-bp-∂-h-pw. Xm≥ Hcp Imcyw Dt±in®m¬ AXntmSv D≠mIq F∂v ]-dbpI am{X-am-Ip-∂p Ahs‚ Imcyw. At∏mgXm AXp-≠mIp∂p. apgph≥ Im-cy-ß- fpsSbpw B[n]Xyw BcpsS IønemtWm, n߃ aS-°- s∏Sp∂Xv BcpsS ASp-tØ-°m-tWm Ah≥ F{X ]-cn-ip-≤≥!'' (36:77-˛83)
  68. 68. 75Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""apjy≥ hnNmcn°p∂pt≠m; mw Ahs‚ F√pIsf H- cpan®pIq´pIbns√∂v? AsX, mw Ahs‚ hnc¬-Øp-ºp-Isf t]mepw icns∏SpØm≥ Ignhp≈hmbncns°.'' (75:3˛4) Ip‰-a‰ icoc LS--tbm-Sp-IqSn ap-jys krjvSn® A-√m- lp, ap-jyv th≠-sX√mw ChnsS kwhn-[m-n® ]-c-a-Im-cp- Wn-I≥, apjyPohn-X-Ønv bmsXmcp A¿Yhpw e-£y-hpw I¬]n-®n-´n√m F∂ nK-aw F¥p-am{Xw t`mj-Ø--c-a√! Aß- s-h-cp-tºmƒ Cu Pohn-X-Øn-s¥v {]-k-‡n? ∑°pw kZm- Nm-c-Ønpw F¥v hne? kpIrXw sNbv-X-hcpw A]-cm-[n-Ifpw Xpey-cm-sWt∂m? GXv bp‡nbpw oXn-bp-amWv CXns ymbo- I-cn-°pI? ∑°v ∑bpw Xn-∑°v in£bpw In´-W-sa-∂-Xs√ oXnbpw ax-km-£nbpw Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. {kjvSm-hmb A√m- lphpw kXy-k-‘-cmb {]hm-N-I-∑mcpw ap-jy-_p-≤nbpw a- xkm-£nbpw km-£y-s∏-Sp-Ønb Cu hkvXp-Xsb ntj-[n-°m≥ hmkvX-h-Øn¬ F¥mWv ymb-ap-≈Xv? A√mlp tNmZn-°p-∂p: ""At∏mƒ mw nßsf hrYm krjvSn- ®-XmsW∂pw, -ΩpsS ASp°te°v n߃ aS°-s∏-SpI- bns√∂pw n߃ IW-°m-°n-bncn°pIbmtWm? F∂m¬ bYm- --¿-Y cmPmhmb A-√m-lp D∂Xmbncn°p∂p. Ah√msX bmsXmcp ssZ-h-hp-an-√. alØmb knwlmkØns‚ mYs{X A-h-≥.-''(23:115-˛116) AXn-p≈ adp-]-Snbpw Nn¥m-ti-jn-bp≈ ap-jy-tcm-Sm-bn Izp¿-B≥ ]d-bp-∂p. ""apjy≥ hnNmcn°p∂pthm; Ah≥ shdpsX hn-t´- °s∏Spsa∂v! Ah≥ {khn°s∏Sp∂ ip¢Øn¬ n∂p≈ Hcp IWambncp∂nt√? ]ns∂ Ah≥ Hcp {`qWambn. F∂n´v A√mlp (Ahs) krjvSn®p kwhn[mn®p. Aßs A-Xn¬ n∂v BWpw s]ÆpamIp∂ c≠p CWIsf Ah≥ D-≠m°n. Aßsbp≈h≥ acn®hsc Pohn∏n°m≥ I-gn-hp-≈hs√?'' (75:36-˛40) G‰hpw kXy-k-‘-cm-b-h-cpsS km£ysØ ncm-I-cn-°m-≥ am{X-ap≈ GXv km£y-amWv ntj-[n-Iƒ°p-≈Xv?
  69. 69. 76 Ckvemw- XpS-°-°m¿°v ""A√mlp˛ Ah√msX bmsXmcp ssZhhpan√. Dbn¿-sØ- gpt∂¬]ns‚ ZnhktØ°v Ah≥ nßsfsb√mw H-cp- an®pIq´pI Xs∂ sNøpw. AXn¬ kwibta C√.'' (4:87) ""tNmZn°pI: BImißfnepw `qanbnepap≈sX√mw B-cp- sSXmIp∂p? ]dbpI: A√mlphns‚Xs{X. Ah≥ Imcp-Wy- sØ kz¥w t]cn¬ (_m[yXbmbn) tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂p. Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns‚ mfnte°v nßsf A-h≥ Hcpan®pIq´pI Xs∂ sNøpw. AXn¬ bmsXmcp kw-ibhpan√. F∂m¬ kztZlßsfØs∂ jvSØn-em-°n-bhcs{X Ah¿. AXnm¬ Ah¿ hnizkn°pIbn√.'' (6:12) ntj-[-Øns‚ ]n∂nse [n°m-chpw Ao-Xnbpw Izp¿-B-≥ Hm¿an-∏n-°p-∂p. ""BImißfpw `qanbpw krjvSn® A√mlp Chsct∏m-se- bp≈hscbpw krjvSn°m≥ iIvXmWv F∂v Ch¿ a--  nem°nbn´nt√? Ch¿°v Ah≥ Hcp Ah[n n›bn-®n-´p≠v. AXn¬ kwibta C√. F∂m¬ μ-ntISv ImWn-°m-√msX Cu A{IanIƒ°v a v h∂n√.''(17:99) ]c-tem-I-Øns‚ kw`-hy-X-bn¬ ktμ-ln-°p-∂-h-tcmSv Izp-¿- B≥ kXy-k-‘-ambn Nn¥n-°p-hm-mWv Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂Xv; Xß- fpsS Ah-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®pw Np‰p-]m-Sp-ap≈ {]-IrXn bmYm¿Yy- ß-sf-°p-dn®pw. F∂n´v ntj-[-sa∂ A-‘-hn-izmkw Isøm-gn- °m-p-amWv Ckvemw Blzmw sN-øp-∂-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p. ""apjytc, Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns ]‰n n߃ kwib- Øn-emsW¶n¬ (BtemNn®v tm°pI) Xo¿®bm-bpw mamWv nß-sf aÆn¬ n∂pw, ]n∂oSv _oPØn¬ n-∂pw, ]n∂oSv {`qW-Øn¬ n∂pw, A¥cw cq]w ¬I-s∏-´Xpw cq]w ¬I- s∏Sm-ØXpamb amwk]nfiØn¬ n∂pw krjvSn®Xv. mw n߃°v Imcy߃ hniZ-am-°n-Øcm≥ th≠n (]dbpI-bm- Ip∂p) mw Dt±in°p∂Xns n-›nXamb Hcp Ah[nhsc mw K¿`mibßfn¬ Xmakn∏n°p∂p. ]n∂oSv nßsf mw inip-°fmbn ]pdØv sIm≠p hcp∂p. A¥cw n߃ nß- fp-sS ]q¿W iIvXn {]m]n°p∂Xp hsc (mw nßsf hf¿-

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