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Eed ettiquette and rulings

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  • 1. Based on work of Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 2. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad (‫)ﷺ‬ and upon all his family and Companions. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 3. ‫يد‬ِ‫ع‬ something habitual, that returns and is repeated festival WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 4. FESTIVALS OF THE NATIONS OF NON-BELIEVERS • Connected to worldly matters • beginning of the year • start of an agricultural season • changing of the weather • establishment of a state • accession of a ruler • Connected to religious occasions • Christmas • New Year • Magians (Zoroastrians) festivals, such as Mahrajaan, Nowruz,... WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 5. THE MUSLIMS ARE DISTINGUISHED BY THEIR FESTIVALS The Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ said: “Every nation has its festival, and this is your festival” Two 'Eeds are exclusively for the Muslims, and that it is not permissible for Muslims to imitate the non- believers and polytheists in anything that is a distinctive part of their celebrations, whether it be food, dress, bonfires or acts of worship. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 6. All the festivals of non-believers or innovated festivals are Haraam (unlawful) for Muslims , such as Independence Day celebrations, anniversaries of revolutions, birthdays, Labor Day, Teachers’ Day, and al-Mawlood al-Nabawi (Prophet’s Birthday). WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 7. The Muslims have no festivals apart from 'Eed al-Fitr and 'Eed al-Ad-haa The Messenger of Allaah (‫)ﷺ‬ came to Madeenah and the people had two days when they would play and have fun. He said: ‘What are these two days?’ They said: ‘We used to play and have fun on these days during the Jaahiliyyah. The Messenger of Allaah (‫)ﷺ‬ said: ‘Allaah has given you something better than them, the day of Ad-haa and the day of Fitr.’” (Sunan Abu Daawood, 1134) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 8. Ahkaam al-'Eed (Rulings on 'Eed) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 9. Haraam (unlawful) to fast on the days of 'Eed Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (ra) said that the Messenger of Allaah (‫)ﷺ‬ forbade fasting on the day of Fitr and the day of Sacrifice (Ad-haa). (Muslim, 827) FASTING WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 10. RULING ON THE 'EED PRAYERS • Waajib (obligatory) Hanafi scholars and Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rah) Evidence: “Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)” [Qur'aan, 108:2], i.e., the 'Eed prayer and the sacrifice after it, which is an instruction, and the fact that the Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ ordered that the women should be brought out to attend the 'Eed prayers, and that a woman who did not have a Jilbaab (cover) should borrow one from her sister. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 11. Hanbalis • Fardh kifaayah (communal obligation) Maalikis and Shaafi’is • Sunnah Mu’akkadah (a stressed Prophetic tradition). They take as evidence the Hadeeth of the Bedouin which says that Allah has not imposed any prayers on His slaves other than the five daily prayers. So the Muslim should be keen to attend 'Eed prayers, especially since the opinion that it is Wajib is based on strong evidence. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 12. TIMING OF 'EED PRAYER The majority of scholars say that the time for the 'Eed prayer starts when the sun has risen above the height of a spear, as seen by the naked eye, and continues until the sun is approaching its zenith. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 13. DESCRIPTION OF THE 'EED PRAYER ‘Umar (ra) said: “The prayer of 'Eed and al-Ad-haa is two complete Rak’ahs (units of prayer), not shortened. This is according to the words of your Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ and the liar is doomed.” WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 14. Abu Sa’eed (ra) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (‫)ﷺ‬ used to come out to the prayer-place on the day of Fitr and al-Ad-haa, and the first thing he would do was the prayer.” WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 15. ‘Aa’ishah (ra) said: "The Takbeer (saying ‫هللا‬‫اكبر‬ ) of al-Fitr and al-Ad-haa is seven in the first Rak’ah and five in the second, apart from the Takbeer of Rukoo’." (Abu Daawood) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 16. If a person joining the prayer catches up with the Imaam during these extra Takbeeraat, he should say “Allaahu Akbar” with the Imaam, and he does not have to make up any Takbeeraat he may have missed, because they are Sunnah, not Waajib. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 17. RECITATION OF QUR’AAN IN 'EED PRAYERS • Qaaf [Chapter 50] • Aqtarabat al-saa’ah [Chapter 54 • Sabbih isma rabbika’l-a’laa [Qur'aan, 87:1] • Hal ataaka Hadeeth al-ghaashiyah [Qur'aan, 88:1] ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (ra) said: “He(Prophet) used to recite {Qaaf. Wal-Qur’aan al-majeed} [Qur'aan, 50:1] and {Aqtarabat al-saa’ah wa anshaqq al-qamar} [Qur'aan, 54:1]. Recommended (Mustahabb) surahs WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 18. THE PRAYER COMES BEFORE THE KHUTBAH Ibn ‘Abbaas(ra) who testified that the Messenger of Allaah (‫)ﷺ‬ prayed before the Khutbah on 'Eed, then he gave the Khutbah. (Al-Bukhaari and Muslim) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 19. ANYONE WHO WANTS TO LEAVE DURING THE KHUTBAH IS ALLOWED TO DO SO ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Saa’ib (ra) said: “I attended 'Eed with the Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ and when he finished the prayer, he said: “We will give the Khutbah, so whoever wants to sit (and listen to) the Khutbah, let him sit, and whoever wants to leave, let him go.” (Irwaa’ al-Ghaleel, 3/96) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 20. NOT DELAYING THE PRAYER FOR TOO LONG ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Bishr (ra) went out with the people on the day of Fitr or al-Ad-haa, and objected to the fact that the Imam came very late. He said: “At the time of the Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ we would have finished by now,” and that was at the time of al-Tasbeeh .” (Al-Bukhaari ) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 21. NO Naafil prayers either before or after the 'Eed prayer WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 22. IF PEOPLE DID NOT KNOW ABOUT 'EED UNTIL THE NEXT DAY “It was cloudy and we could not see the new moon of Shawwaal, so we started the day fasting, then a caravan came at the end of the day and told the Messenger of Allaah (‫)ﷺ‬ that they had seen the new moon of Shawwaal the day before, so he told the people to stop fasting, and they went out to pray the 'Eed prayer the next day.” (al-Irwaa’, 3/102) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 23. If someone misses the 'Eed prayer, the most correct view is that he may make it up by praying two Rak’ahs. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 24. WOMEN’S ATTENDANCE AT 'EED PRAYERS “We used to prevent prepubescent girls from attending 'Eed prayers.... My sister asked the Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ whether there was anything wrong with her not going out [on 'Eed] if she did not have a Jilbaab. He said: ‘Let her friend give her one of her Jilbaabs so that she may witness the blessings of 'Eed and see the Muslims gathering.’” WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 25. “......but those who were menstruating were to keep away from the prayer- place itself.” (Al-Bukhaari, 324). WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 26. The menstruating woman should not forsake the remembrance of Allah or places of goodness such as gatherings for the purpose of seeking knowledge and remembering Allaah – apart from mosques. The Hadeeth also indicates that women should not go out without a Jilbaab. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 27. Men should check on their womenfolk when they going out for the prayer to make sure that their Hijaab is complete, because they are the “shepherds” who are responsible for their “flocks”. Women should go out in shabby clothes, not adorned or wearing perfume. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 28. Aadaab al-'Eed (Etiquette of 'Eed) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 29. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (ra) used to take a bath on the day of al-Fitr before coming to the prayer- place. (al-Muwatta’ 428) Ghusl (taking a bath) before going out to the prayer WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 30. Sa’eed ibn Jubayr (ra) said: “Three things are Sunnah on 'Eed: to walk(to the prayer- place), to take a bath and to eat before coming out.” WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 31. EATING BEFORE COMING OUT “The Messenger of Allaah (‫)ﷺ‬ would not go out on the morning of 'Eed al-Fitr until he had eaten some dates… and he would eat an odd number.” (Al-Bukhaari, 953) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 32. Al-Waleed ibn Muslim (rah) said: “I asked al-Awzaa’i and Maalik ibn Anas about saying Takbeer aloud on 'Eed. They said: ‘Yes, ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar(ra) used to say it aloud on the day of Fitr until the Imaam came out.’” Abu ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Salami (rah) “On 'Eed al- Fitr they would say it louder than on 'Eed al-Ad-haa.” Wakee’, said: “i.e., the Takbeer.” (Irwaa’, 3/122) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 33. The time for making Takbeer on 'Eed al-Fitr starts from the night of 'Eed until the time when the Imaam comes in to lead the prayer. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 34. THE WORDING OF THE TAKBEER ‫هللا‬ ‫اكبر‬ ‫هللا‬‫اكبر‬ ‫اكبر‬ ‫هللا‬ ُ‫هللا‬ َّ‫ال‬ِ‫ا‬ َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫ا‬ َ‫ال‬ ‫حمد‬ْ‫ال‬ ِ َّ ِ‫ّلِل‬ َ‫و‬ ‫اكبر‬ ‫هللا‬ ( ‫مسند‬‫ابي‬ ‫ابن‬‫شيبة‬ ) Ibn Abi Shaybah (rah), reported it elsewhere with the same Isnaad, but with the phrase “Allaahu Akbar” repeated 3 times. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 35. CONGRATULATING ONE ANOTHER People may exchange congratulations and good greetings on 'Eed, no matter what form the words take. E.g:- May Allaah accept [the fast and worship] from us and from you ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫هللا‬ َ‫ل‬َّ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ And other similar permissible greetings. ‫مبارك‬ ‫عيد‬ WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 36. LOOKING ONE’S BEST FOR 'EED “The Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ had a Jubbah that he would wear on 'Eed and on Fridays.” (Ibn Khuzaymah, 1765). WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 37. TO GO OUT ONE BY ONE ROUTE AND COME BACK BY ANOTHER Prophet (‫)ﷺ‬ used to vary his routes on the day of 'Eed. (Al-Bukhaari, 986) WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 38. WARNING AGAINST WRONGDOING Mixing of men and women in some prayer-places, streets, etc. Music and idle entertainment Proper Islamic dress WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 39. WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION
  • 40. WISD MGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION Together.. Towards.. Peace... WISD M www.wisdomislam.org | facebook.com/wisdomislamicmissionGLOBAL ISLAMIC MISSION

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