Du aa

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Du aa

  1. 1. Znhkhpw ZpB sNøp∂hcmWv mw. DW¿∂Xv apX¬ Ddßp∂Xv hsc ]eZpBIfpw ZnIvdpIfpap≠v. Ap{Kl߃°pw Bizmk߃°pw mw A√mlpthmSvµn ]dbp∂p. Bhiyap≈ Imcy߃ A√mlpthmSv At]£n°p∂p. pΩsSBhiyßfpw BhemXnIfpw nch[nbmWv. F√mw A√mlphn¬ A¿∏n°pIbmWvmw sNøp∂Xv.F¥psIm≠mWv pΩsS ZpB A√mlpthmSmbXv ?Ah≥ F√mw tIƒ°p∂p, ImWp∂p, F√m‰npw DØcw ¬Im≥Ignhp≈hmWh≥.manhnsS Pn°pw aptº tΩmSv ]dbmsX, mw Bhiy∏SmsX, ap°vth≠X√mw AhmsWmcp°nØ∂Xv. `qan, sh≈w, hmbp, `£Ww F√mwAht‚XmWv. Aht‚X√mØ H∂pw Cu temIØn√; Hcp aW¬Øcn t]mepw, Hcpsh≈Øp≈n t]mepw, Hcn‰p hmbp t]mepw. AXpsIm≠v mahv µn ]dbp∂p.AhtmSv ZpB sNøp∂p.é­o´«[ ±Àny y½ œ« ¹¬«[ ²É Ô·½ˆobá ¹¬«[ »°˜³ ¼v˜b 5²É¼(A√mlphns‚ Ap{Kl߃ n߃ FÆpIbmsW¶ n¬ IW°m°mmhn√.n›bambpw A√mlp hfsc s]mdp°p∂hpw IcpWmn[nbpamIp∂p.)kqd:lv¬ 18ºz¤_«[å ²¼v_˜b ¶ÃÉ ±c´§²É ¹¬« ¼z¨ƒ[¼(n߃ A√mlphnv µn sNøq-˛Ahs am{XamWv n߃ Bcm[n°psX¶n¬ )kqd: A¬_Jd:172A√mlphns‚ Zmk≥am¿ AhtmSv ImWn°p∂ µnbpsS hnhn[ cq]ßfmWvmw sNøp∂ C_mZØpIƒ, Bcm[Iƒ, ApjvTm߃, Zm[¿Ω߃,klmb tkh߃, t¿® hgn]mSpIƒ F√mw. CsXms° sNbvXmepw A√mlpap°v sNbvXpX∂ Ap{Kl߃°p ]Icamhn√. ma{Xbpw Zp¿_ecmWvpΩsS "ZpB Isfms° Xncp_n(k) ]Tn∏n®XmWv. kzlm_nIfpw Ah¿°vtijw C∂phcbp≈hcpw AßsØs∂bmWv "ZpB Cc∂Xv. am‰an√ .Ahsb°pdn®v Hm¿Øp tm°q. √ Bib߃. `‡nbpw Bizmkhpw CuampwD≠mIp∂ {]m¿∞Iƒ. F√mw A√mlpthmSv am{Xw. A√mØ Hcp "ZpBbpwsΩ ]Tn∏n®hbn¬ C√. Ft¥ Aßsbmbn ?_n(k) {]m¿∞n®Xv A√mlpthmSv , kzlm_nIfpw A√mlpthmSv, tijap≈hcpw AhtmSv Xs∂ .Ft¥ Ahscms° A√mlpthmSv am{Xw "ZpB sNbvXp?.A√mlp AßsbmWv I¬]n®Xv. tm°q! B Xncp I¬]Iƒ.µk«[å [vn[ ã[ ™¯½—vb ؟ ¹¬« vk€°¬[²Ç¼(Xo¿®bmbpw ]≈nIsfms° A√mlphnp≈XmWv. AXnm¬ A√mlphntmsSm∏wn߃ BtcmSpw ZpB sNøcpXv.) kqd: Pn∂v :18µk«[å [vn[ ¹^ ¦zƒ[ ×¼ Á^y ½—u[ °³É ­£(]dbq. Rm≥ Fs‚ d∫ntmSv am{Xta "ZpB sNøpIbp≈q.Ahn¬ Btcbpw]¶ptN¿°pIbn√.) kqd: Pn∂v :20åRm≥
  2. 2. ²£z «[å ±§Ë—u ×½« Á^y ±¨^[Ì_˜¿ ¯ ­£(]dbpI: nßfpsS ZpB CÃmbncp¶psh¦n Fs‚ d∫v nßsf ]cnKWn¡nÃmbncp¶p.) kqd: ^pÀJm³F¥psIm≠v A√mlpthmSv am{Xw "ZpB Cc¡Wsa¶v A√mlp I¬]n®pF¶v nßÄ Nn´¨n«pt-m?1.tNmZn¡msXbpw ]dbmsXbpw Xs¶ ap°v th≠X√mw X¶Xv AhmWtÃm.F¦n tNmZn¨m ÂIp¶hpw Ah³ Xs¶.zŸ›å ±¨« `kc~Ç Å³½—u[ ±¨^y ª£¼(nßfpsS d∫v ]d™ncn°p∂p. nßsft∂mSv ZpB sNøpI. Rm≥ nßÄ°vDØcw ¬Ipw)Å«½_Àkc€À¬Ÿ ²—u [wÉ –[v«[ º½—u `ÀjÇ `¿z£ Á³ÊŸ Á´— ¾u_— ©«È~[wɼºz¤_«[å ²¼vƒz¿ ±¸¬˜« Á^ ½´¯ÌÀ«¼( Fs‚ Zmk≥am¿ Fs∂∏‰n Xm¶tfmSv tNmZn¨mÂ, RmmWv Xo¿®bmbpwG‰hpw ASpØh≥. Ft∂mSv ZpB sNbvXm¬ ZpB sNøp∂hs‚ ZpB°v Rm≥DØcw ¬Ipw AXpsIm≠v Ah¿ Ft∂mSv DØcw tXSs´!. Ah¿ F∂n¬nizkn°s´! Ah¿ k≥am¿K Ifmtb°mw) kqd: A¬_Jd:1862. Ah³ F√m‰npw Ignhp≈hmWv.zÃv£ÐÀƒ ­§ Á¬— ã[²É3. Ah³ {]m¿∞ tI´v DØcw sNøp∂hmWv.a‰p≈ B¿°pw ZpB tIƒ°mtm DØcw sNømtm Ignbn√. A√mlp ]dbp∂p:²¼z ¨¿ »¯À¤«[®½¿¼ ±¨« ½^kc~¯ ½˜°~ ½«¼ ±§Æ—u ½˜°€¿ ß ±·½—vb ²ÉzŸå ±¨§z„^n߃ AhtcmSv ZpB sNbvXm¬ nßfpsS ZpB Ah¿ tIƒ°pIbn√. tI´mepwDØcw sNøn√. A¥ymfn¬ nßfpsS in¿°ns Ah¿ (A√mlphnv ]pdsahnfn°s∏Sp∂ ¿) X≈n∏dbpw. ˛ kqd: ^mXzn¿ : 14Bsc]‰nbmWv A√mlp ]d™Xv ?zŸå ¹³¼uµ¯²½—vb µ¿x«[¼Ahv ]pdsa n߃ ZpB sNøp∂h¿ ˛ kqd: ^mXzn¿ : 13AXv BcmWv ?Jp¿B≥ AhXcn°p∂ ImeØv P߃ A√mlpthmsSm∏w "ZpB Cc∂XvC{_mlow _n(A) Cukm _n(A) adnbw _ohn(d) Chtcbpw a‰pamWv.Cßsbp≈ acn®pt]mbhsc hnfnn®p {]m¿∞n°p∂hsc°pdn®v A√mlp]dbp∂p:kqd: Km^n¿ :60nh±¸Î—u µ— ±·¼ »¯ÔÀ¤«[®½¿ Á«É ¹« `Àkc€¿ á µ¯ ã[ ²¼u µ¯½—v¿ µ°¯ ­‹Ç µ¯¼ž¤nÙ[ å ²½¬Ÿ›

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