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Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
Dental public health
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Dental public health
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Dental public health
Dental public health
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Dental public health
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Dental public health

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  • 1. Dental Public Health dr shabeel pn
  • 2. Dental Public Health Introduction
  • 3. Topics <ul><li>Historical Development </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Care Delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in the United States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>around the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financing Dental Care </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Education and Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Target Populations </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Program Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Program Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Epidemiology </li></ul><ul><li>Research Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Biostatistics </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of Literature and Products </li></ul><ul><li>Careers in the Government </li></ul><ul><li>Entreprenurial Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Board Review </li></ul>
  • 4. The Prevention Movement Dental Hygiene’s Relation to Dental Public Health
  • 5. Historical Development <ul><li>Dental Hygiene as Forerunner to the Prevention Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Alfred Fones </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of Dental Hygiene School and First Author of Dental Hygiene College Textbook </li></ul>
  • 6. Historical Development Continued <ul><li>Practice Settings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Professional Organizations </li></ul>
  • 7. Preventive Modalities <ul><li>Dental Hygiene Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Fluoridation </li></ul><ul><li>Xylitol </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Sealants </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Cancer Exams and Tobacco Cessation </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritional Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Education/Media </li></ul>
  • 8. Dental Care Delivery In the United States
  • 9. Dental Care Delivery
  • 10. Dental Public Health The oral health care and education, with an emphasis on the utilization of dental hygiene sciences, delivered to a target population
  • 11. Factors Affecting Dental Health <ul><li>Access to Care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restriction of dental hygiene services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortage of Medicaid providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medicaid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. Factors Affecting Dental Health, Continued <ul><li>SES Relation to Dental Health </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Hygiene Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in the Geriatric Populations </li></ul><ul><li>Malpractice </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance Changes </li></ul>
  • 13. Federal Influence
  • 14. Department of Health and Human Services <ul><li>Public Health Service Operating Division </li></ul><ul><li>Human Services Operating Division </li></ul>
  • 15. Public Health Service Operating Division <ul><li>National Institutes of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Drug Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Health Services </li></ul><ul><li>Health Resources and Services Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Agency for Health Care Policy and Research </li></ul><ul><li>Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration </li></ul>
  • 16. Human Services Operating Division <ul><li>Centers for Medicaid and Medicare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicaid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicare </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Administration for Children and Families </li></ul><ul><li>Administration on Aging </li></ul>
  • 17. Public Health Service <ul><li>PHS works toward improving and advancing the health of our nation. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Surgeon General </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Hygienists work as Public Health Officers. </li></ul>
  • 18. Other Federal Departments Influencing Dental Care <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Defense </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Labor </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li>Treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Veteran’s Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>United States Peace Corps (which is an executive branch agency) </li></ul>
  • 19. Individual State Influence <ul><li>State Dental Divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Medicaid </li></ul><ul><li>S-CHIPS </li></ul><ul><li>Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>Tribal Clinics </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Community Clinics </li></ul>
  • 20. Dental Health Care Personnel <ul><li>Need </li></ul><ul><li>Demand </li></ul><ul><li>Utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Hygiene Shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Hygienist to Dentist Employment Ratio = 1:2 </li></ul>
  • 21. Dental Finance Public and Private Funding of Dental Care
  • 22. Historical Funding of Dental Care <ul><li>Patient’s Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>The Advent of Dental Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Medicaid Coverage for Dental Services </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s Dental Financing </li></ul>
  • 23. Payment Methods <ul><li>Fee-for-Service </li></ul><ul><li>Capitation Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Encounter Fee Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Barter System </li></ul>
  • 24. Fee-for-Service <ul><li>A dental practice sets a fee, and a patient and/or third party pays for the fee. </li></ul><ul><li>UCR: usual, customary and reasonable fee </li></ul><ul><li>Indemnity plans pay fee-for-service. </li></ul><ul><li>Discounted coverage available and sliding scales for certain patients in certain clinics </li></ul>
  • 25. Capitation Method <ul><li>Dental Managed Care </li></ul><ul><li>A certain amount is paid to a dental practice for a certain number of patients. Payment is received whether treatment is provided or not. </li></ul><ul><li>Many times employees will state that they are not paid for “cleanings” provided; however, this is not an accurate statement. </li></ul>
  • 26. Encounter and Barter <ul><li>Encounters are for an arrangement paid for each visit. </li></ul><ul><li>Barter system is used when the dental provider negotiates payment by exchanging goods and services. </li></ul>
  • 27. Insurance Plans <ul><li>Dental Service Corporations </li></ul><ul><li>Health Service Corporations </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred Providers Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Practice Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Capitation Programs </li></ul>
  • 28. Dental Billing <ul><li>Claim Form </li></ul><ul><li>ADA CDT </li></ul><ul><li>Payment Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Credit Cards </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation of Benefits </li></ul>
  • 29. Government Role <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Disease Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Disease Control </li></ul><ul><li>Program Planning and Operation </li></ul><ul><li>Funding for the Education of Dental Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation </li></ul>
  • 30. Government’s Role <ul><li>U.S. PHS </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Block Grants </li></ul><ul><li>State Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Local Governments </li></ul>
  • 31. Medicaid <ul><li>Title XIX </li></ul><ul><li>State/Federal Program </li></ul><ul><li>Your State’s Medicaid Program </li></ul><ul><li>Other State’s Medicaid Program </li></ul>
  • 32. Dental Care Delivery Around the World
  • 33. International Dental Health Care <ul><li>Dental Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Demographics and the Dental Hygienist </li></ul><ul><li>Global Education of the Dental Hygienist </li></ul><ul><li>The Role of the Dental Hygienist </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Care in Other Countries </li></ul>
  • 34. International Dental Health Care, Continued <ul><li>Dental Public Health Programs and Campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Health Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbying Groups </li></ul><ul><li>International Dental Organizations </li></ul>
  • 35. International Overview <ul><li>Related Dental Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of Dental Hygienists </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Portability of Licensure </li></ul><ul><li>Future of Dental Hygiene </li></ul>
  • 36. Legislative Initiatives Affecting Dental Hygiene Practice In the United States
  • 37. Issues in the United States <ul><li>Preceptorship/Alternative Education </li></ul><ul><li>On-the-Job Training for Supragingival Scaling </li></ul><ul><li>Restrictive Supervision Laws Affecting Access to Care </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner </li></ul>
  • 38. State Governments <ul><li>Legislative </li></ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul>
  • 39. Major Bodies of Law <ul><li>Common Law </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory Law </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Law </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Law </li></ul>
  • 40. Laws Pertaining to Dental Hygiene <ul><li>State Dental Hygiene Practice Act, sometimes referred to as the statute </li></ul><ul><li>Supervision Status </li></ul>
  • 41. State Dental Board <ul><li>Administrative Law </li></ul><ul><li>Governs Dental Hygienists and the Practice of Dental Hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Rules and Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Regulation </li></ul>
  • 42. Supervision Types <ul><li>Unsupervised </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Practice </li></ul><ul><li>General Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Supervision </li></ul>
  • 43. International Overview <ul><li>Related Dental Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of Dental Hygienists </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Portability of Licensure </li></ul><ul><li>Future of Dental Hygiene </li></ul>
  • 44. Dental Health Education and Promotion
  • 45. Health Education Principles <ul><li>Five Dimensional Health Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul></ul>
  • 46. Dental Health Education <ul><li>Goal: to prevent dental diseases utilizing appropriate dental health interventions </li></ul>
  • 47. Health Education Principles <ul><li>Health Education: the education of health behaviors that bring an individual to a state of health awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Health Promotion: the informing and motivating of people to adopt health behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Health Behavior: an action that helps prevent illness and promotes health for a population </li></ul>
  • 48. Goals of Dental Health Education <ul><li>Provide Effective Dental Health Education.  </li></ul><ul><li>Change Values Aimed at Improving Health.  </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Behaviors  </li></ul>
  • 49. Stages of Learning <ul><li>Unawareness  </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness  </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Interest  </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement  </li></ul><ul><li>Action  </li></ul><ul><li>Habit </li></ul>
  • 50. Transtheoretical Model <ul><li>Precontemplation </li></ul><ul><li>Contemplation </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul>
  • 51. Theory of Reasoned Action <ul><li>Attitude toward the behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective norms </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived behavioral control </li></ul><ul><li>Intention </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul>
  • 52. Social Cognitive Theory <ul><li>Self-Efficacy Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge – Behavior – Environment </li></ul>
  • 53. Empowerment Models <ul><li>Participant Oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Social Environments </li></ul>
  • 54. Motivation <ul><li>Motivation is the will of the individual to act. </li></ul>
  • 55. Maslow’s Heirarchy of Needs <ul><li>Self-Actualization </li></ul><ul><li>Need for Self-Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Belongingness and Love </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Needs </li></ul><ul><li>Physiological Needs </li></ul>
  • 56. Behavioral Conditioning <ul><li>Classical Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Operant Conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling </li></ul>
  • 57. Lesson Plan Development
  • 58. Assessment Phase <ul><li>Assess target populations’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assess resources </li></ul>
  • 59. Dental Hygiene Diagnosis <ul><li>Formulate Findings from Assessment into a Diagnosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize Goals. </li></ul>
  • 60. Planning <ul><li>Broad Goal Formulation </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Select Teaching Methods. </li></ul>
  • 61. Implementation <ul><li>Be Prepared. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Teacher Characteristics </li></ul>
  • 62. Evaluation <ul><li>Qualitative Measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative Measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Information Provided to Appropriate Parties </li></ul>
  • 63. Target Populations For the Practicing Hygienist
  • 64. Target Populations A group of individuals with similarities of some sort whether it be age, race, educational background, life situations, and/or health conditions
  • 65. Specific Target Populations <ul><li>Family Caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Hospice Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Persons with Medical Conditions/ Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Developmentally Disabled </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing Impaired </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Impairments </li></ul><ul><li>School Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Social Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Ages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prenatal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older Adults </li></ul></ul>
  • 66. Cultural Diversity The social, ethnic, and cultural elements that compose a person.
  • 67. Barriers to Dental Hygiene and Dental Care
  • 68. Program Planning For the Dental Hygienist
  • 69. What is a dental public health program? Educational, clinical, and referral services to a target population
  • 70. Preventive Programs <ul><li>School Fluoride Mouthrinse Programs </li></ul><ul><li>School Dental Sealant Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Xylitol Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthguard Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Health Educational Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco Cessation Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Denture Identification Programs </li></ul>
  • 71. Dental Public Health Programs <ul><li>Healthy Smile Program </li></ul><ul><li>Inner City Health Center Dental Program </li></ul><ul><li>Soroptomist Dental Project </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 25 </li></ul><ul><li>Operation Smile </li></ul>
  • 72. Dental Hygiene Program Planning Paradigm <ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population’s dental needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul></ul>
  • 73. Dental Hygiene Program Planning Paradigm, Continued <ul><li>Dental Hygiene Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prioritization of needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formulation of diagnosis to provide goals and objectives for blueprint </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Methods to measure goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blueprint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Address constraints and alternatives. </li></ul></ul>
  • 74. Dental Hygiene Program Planning Paradigm, Continued <ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Program will begin operation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revision and changes identified and employed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measuring goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualitative and quantitative evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ongoing revisions employed </li></ul></ul>
  • 75. Program Evaluation Dental Public Health
  • 76. Program Evaluation <ul><li>Program Planning -> Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement of Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Formative </li></ul><ul><li>Summative </li></ul>
  • 77. Evaluation Techniques <ul><li>Traditional Nonclinical Measurements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clinical Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dental Indexes </li></ul></ul>
  • 78. Government’s Evaluation <ul><li>Healthy People 2010 Objectives and Evaluation Mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>NOHSS </li></ul><ul><li>Call to Action </li></ul>
  • 79. Oral Epidemiology <ul><li>Study of Oral Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Multifactorial Nature of Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Terminology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Epidemic Prevalence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endemic Incidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pandemic Etiology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease Rates Surveilance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mortality Risk Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morbidity Index </li></ul></ul>
  • 80. Oral Epidemiology Reports <ul><li>Morbidity and Mortality (MMWR) </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy People Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Surgeon General’s Report </li></ul><ul><li>Call to Action </li></ul><ul><li>Global Oral Data Bank </li></ul>
  • 81. Epidemiology of Oral Diseases <ul><li>Periodontal Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Caries </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Cleft Lip/Palate </li></ul><ul><li>Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Toothaches </li></ul>
  • 82. Research In Dental Hygiene
  • 83. Significance of Research to Dental Hygiene Dental public health is based upon programs that have demonstrated effectiveness in achieving health for the population.
  • 84. Types of Research <ul><li>Historical </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correlational </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Epidemiological </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Longitudinal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-sectional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Retroactive </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental (Prospective) </li></ul><ul><li>Quasi-experimental </li></ul>
  • 85. Beginning Research <ul><li>Research Question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does Brand X toothpaste whiten teeth? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Positive Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brand X toothpaste does significantly whiten teeth. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Null Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no statistically significant difference between Brand X and a placebo when comparing the whitening of teeth. </li></ul></ul>
  • 86. Research Design <ul><li>Formulating a hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Review of the literature </li></ul><ul><li>Methods and materials </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical evaluation </li></ul>
  • 87. Experimental Approaches <ul><li>Two group pretest/post-test designs </li></ul><ul><li>Time series </li></ul><ul><li>Post-test only </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon three and four group </li></ul><ul><li>Factorial </li></ul><ul><li>Placebos </li></ul><ul><li>Control groups </li></ul>
  • 88. Sampling Techniques <ul><li>Randomization </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Stratifying </li></ul>
  • 89. Informed Consent <ul><li>Informed Consent is part of examining the ethics of the research project as a whole. </li></ul>
  • 90. Dental Research Biostatistics
  • 91. Categorizing Data <ul><li>Discrete or Continuous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nominal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interval </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratio </li></ul></ul>
  • 92. Descriptive Statistics <ul><li>Measures of Central Tendency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Median </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mode </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Measures of Dispersion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Range </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Deviation </li></ul></ul>
  • 93. The Normal Distribution <ul><li>Gaussian Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Bell-Shaped Curve </li></ul><ul><li>Skewed Data </li></ul>
  • 94. Graphing Data <ul><li>Frequency Distribution Table </li></ul><ul><li>Grouped Frequency Table </li></ul><ul><li>Bar Graph </li></ul><ul><li>Histogram </li></ul><ul><li>Polygon </li></ul>
  • 95. Correlation <ul><li>Correlation Coefficients </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Correlation </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Correlation </li></ul><ul><li>Strong Correlation </li></ul>
  • 96. Correlation <ul><li>Pearson Product Movement Correlation Coefficient </li></ul><ul><li>Spearman Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient </li></ul>
  • 97. Statistical Decision Making <ul><li>Probability </li></ul><ul><li>Type I Error </li></ul><ul><li>Type II Error </li></ul><ul><li>Degrees of Freedom </li></ul>
  • 98. Inferential Statistics <ul><li>Parametric Inferential Statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student t-test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of Variance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nonparametric Inferential Statistics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chi Square Test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Nonparametric Tests </li></ul></ul>
  • 99. Interpretation of Data <ul><li>Statistical Significance </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Significance </li></ul>
  • 100. Research Results <ul><li>Validity: Results of the study can be inferred to the general population. </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability: The study was conducted in a controlled manner and if repeated would lend the same results; thus, the study is reproducible. </li></ul>
  • 101. Evaluation of Scientific Literature and Dental Products
  • 102. Regulation of Dental Care Products <ul><li>Food and Drug Administration </li></ul><ul><li>American Dental Association Seal of Acceptance </li></ul>
  • 103. Dental Hygienist’s Role <ul><li>Critical consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Patient education </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of advertising techniques </li></ul>
  • 104. Evaluation of Scientific Literature <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Research Design </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Product Usage </li></ul><ul><li>Examiners </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Significance </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul>
  • 105. Careers in Dental Public Health
  • 106. Positions for the RDH <ul><li>U.S. PHS </li></ul><ul><li>VA Hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>Military Base Clinics </li></ul><ul><li>Other Agencies </li></ul>
  • 107. United States RDH Positions <ul><li>Commissioned Officer Positions </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Service Positions </li></ul><ul><li>National Health Service Corps </li></ul>
  • 108. Other Options <ul><li>Independent Contractor </li></ul><ul><li>Employee of Dental Staffing Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Student Opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>COSTEP </li></ul></ul>
  • 109. Strategies for Creating Dental Hygiene Positions In Dental Public Health Settings
  • 110. Populations <ul><li>Homebound </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalized </li></ul><ul><li>Populations with Disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Area Residents </li></ul><ul><li>Population with Dental Phobias </li></ul><ul><li>Populations faced with Language or Cultural Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Patients without Financing </li></ul>
  • 111. Proposed Plan for Action <ul><li>Dental Hygiene Program Planning Paradigm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dental Hygiene Diagnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul>
  • 112. Practice Management Issues <ul><li>Patient tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Appointment scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>Practice promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of fees </li></ul>
  • 113. Proposal Development and Presentation <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Significance of Position </li></ul><ul><li>Blueprint of the Operational Program </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Strategies </li></ul>
  • 114. Dental Public Health Review
  • 115. Community Health/Research Principles <ul><li>Promoting health and preventing disease within groups </li></ul><ul><li>Participating in community programs </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing scientific information, utilizing statistical concepts, and applying research results </li></ul>
  • 116. Dental Public Health: Contemporary Practice for the Dental Hygienist: “ The Dental Hygienist is the Premier Dental Public Health Provider. “

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