Antibiotic Resistanace

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  • 1. NOSOCOMIAL ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT ORGANISMS MRSA : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus VRE : Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus dr shabeel pn www.hi-dentfinishingschool.blogspot.com
  • 2. MRSA
    • Resistant to most antibiotics
    • Found in health care facilities
      • hospitals
      • long term care facilities
      • other care facilities
      • Not a threat to healthy people
  • 3. Why should YOU be concerned about MRSA?
    • Difficult to contain
    • Easily spread
    • Hard to treat
  • 4. Risk factors for MRSA infection
    • Surgery
    • Devices used in invasive procedures
    • ICU or burn ward
    • Age
    • Treatment with multiple antibiotics
    • Severe illness or disability
    • Prolonged or repeated hospital stays
    • Compromised immune system
  • 5. How is MRSA spread?
    • Direct contact between health-care workers and clients.
      • Colonized vs. infected persons
    • Health-care workers are the MAIN carriers.
    • NOT usually spread through the air
  • 6. How do I detect an infection of MRSA?
    • Symptoms:
      • drainage from a wound
      • Fever and chills
      • increased White Blood Count
  • 7. Common sites of infection
    • Respiratory tract
    • Surgical wounds
    • Perineum or rectum
    • Skin
  • 8. How to stop the spread of MRSA
    • Proper hand-washing :
      • Before caring for each client
      • After removing gloves
      • Before leaving the client’s room
  • 9. VRE
    • Hard to treat
    • Some forms of VRE pass on their drug-resistant genes!
  • 10. Risk factors for VRE infection
    • Severe illness
    • Treatment with multiple antibiotics
    • Abdominal or cardiac surgery
    • Devices used in invasive procedures
    • Age
    • ICU
    • Prolonged or repeated hospital stays
  • 11. How does a VRE infection develop?
    • Opportunistic
    • Bacteria transmitted between clients and health care workers
      • colonized vs. infected persons
  • 12. Signs of VRE infection
    • Drainage from a wound
    • Fever and chills
    • Increased White Blood Count
  • 13. Hand-washing prevents spread of VRE
    • Wash hands before patient care
    • Wash hands after removing gloves
    • Wash hands BEFORE leaving the patient’s room.
  • 14. MRSA AND VRE
    • All health-care workers play a role in preventing the spread of these nosocomial infections.
    • REMEMBER-WASH YOUR HANDS