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Antibiotic Resistanace
 

Antibiotic Resistanace

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    Antibiotic Resistanace Antibiotic Resistanace Presentation Transcript

    • NOSOCOMIAL ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT ORGANISMS MRSA : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus VRE : Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus dr shabeel pn www.hi-dentfinishingschool.blogspot.com
    • MRSA
      • Resistant to most antibiotics
      • Found in health care facilities
        • hospitals
        • long term care facilities
        • other care facilities
        • Not a threat to healthy people
    • Why should YOU be concerned about MRSA?
      • Difficult to contain
      • Easily spread
      • Hard to treat
    • Risk factors for MRSA infection
      • Surgery
      • Devices used in invasive procedures
      • ICU or burn ward
      • Age
      • Treatment with multiple antibiotics
      • Severe illness or disability
      • Prolonged or repeated hospital stays
      • Compromised immune system
    • How is MRSA spread?
      • Direct contact between health-care workers and clients.
        • Colonized vs. infected persons
      • Health-care workers are the MAIN carriers.
      • NOT usually spread through the air
    • How do I detect an infection of MRSA?
      • Symptoms:
        • drainage from a wound
        • Fever and chills
        • increased White Blood Count
    • Common sites of infection
      • Respiratory tract
      • Surgical wounds
      • Perineum or rectum
      • Skin
    • How to stop the spread of MRSA
      • Proper hand-washing :
        • Before caring for each client
        • After removing gloves
        • Before leaving the client’s room
    • VRE
      • Hard to treat
      • Some forms of VRE pass on their drug-resistant genes!
    • Risk factors for VRE infection
      • Severe illness
      • Treatment with multiple antibiotics
      • Abdominal or cardiac surgery
      • Devices used in invasive procedures
      • Age
      • ICU
      • Prolonged or repeated hospital stays
    • How does a VRE infection develop?
      • Opportunistic
      • Bacteria transmitted between clients and health care workers
        • colonized vs. infected persons
    • Signs of VRE infection
      • Drainage from a wound
      • Fever and chills
      • Increased White Blood Count
    • Hand-washing prevents spread of VRE
      • Wash hands before patient care
      • Wash hands after removing gloves
      • Wash hands BEFORE leaving the patient’s room.
    • MRSA AND VRE
      • All health-care workers play a role in preventing the spread of these nosocomial infections.
      • REMEMBER-WASH YOUR HANDS