Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Structure is basis to all communication<br />It’s just like a foundation of TV N...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Structure is involved in:<br />Television News Story Production<br />Shots editi...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Structure – single most important idea<br />Structure – most important concept f...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Task of Journalism <br />	is also Explain & interpret <br />the importance & sig...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />There are reasons why the actions of one person are more important than those of...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />These reasons are revealed by <br />Interviewing<br />Digging for facts <br />Ta...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />These elements are processed into news accounts and provide structure – <br />Th...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />some of the ingredients that make up the structure of television news: <br />Sho...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Showing and Telling:<br />As local and network television news has expanded and ...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Showing and Telling:<br />The important word here is saw. <br />By using it peop...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Showing and Telling:<br />it is also more and more likely that they really did “...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />Television news is more than just pictorial coverage. <br />
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />It “tells” the news with pictures in motion including  <b...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />The link between the pictures and the words is crucial. <...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />At the basic level that wedding of the right words with r...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />When that link is right the communication may be a whole ...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />When the pictures and words don’t work together <br />Whe...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />Now add in the second unique ingredient “Anchorperso...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />When former NBC News President Reuven Frank said, “T...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />He seemed to be saying that television allows the au...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />Although anchorpersons are not supposed to become em...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />A personal dimension is worth closer<br />It is an i...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />Audience watch  <br />The perso...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />strong evidence that <br />how ...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The experts believe <br />what ...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The telling and showing of that...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />Interviews with <br />Airline o...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The station might develop some ...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />It might even have eyewitness r...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The anchors and reporters telli...
Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />give a list of the names of the dead, <br />interview experts who might a...
End of Part – 1Thank you <br />
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The station would put together ...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />Regardless of the visual and wo...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The news staff at the televisio...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />Viewers count on the broadcast ...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Linear News:<br />A fourth structural consideration: Broadcast news is linear (s...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Linear News:<br />For those trying to read the conventional wire service reports...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Linear News:<br />Delivering the long sentences and convoluted paragraphs withou...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Linear News:<br />The wire services, <br />Particularly Reuters, APTN & United P...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Viewers get the news  <br />In a flow of information that i...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />A viewer cannot stop the flow, <br />To go back and pick up...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />The viewer cannot speed ahead, or skin<br />cannot slow dow...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />The structure of Television News contain:<br />The beginnin...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />It is natural to finish all the parts of Story Element A be...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Logical progress is needed – both aural and visual facts<br />
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />The audience quickly becomes confused and irritated if we j...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Keep subjects and verbs close together<br />Avoid too many ...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Make sure the referents of pronouns are clear <br />The aud...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Television news producers spend a large amount of time figu...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Three Points keep clear in mind regarding preparation of Ne...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />The producer wants to maintain the highest level of interes...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Much time is spent determining what the lead story will be,...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />One of the major element of the structure of television n...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />The scenes of the news event must move forward in an orde...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />Visual continuity in television news is everyone’s respon...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />The videographer and reporter covering a story must be aw...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />Compression is essential with both words and pictures  <b...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Continuity<br />The key element of visual structure is visual continuity....
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Continuity<br />Visual continuity compresses the action of a story into a...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Continuity<br />The word continuity means uninterrupted connection, succe...
Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Continuity<br />The key element of visual structure is visual continuity....
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Structure of TV News

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Lecture was given by SHABBIR IBNE ADIL in Jinnah University for Women, Karachi on August 09 - 10, 2011

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Structure of TV News

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Structure is basis to all communication<br />It’s just like a foundation of TV News story<br />
  3. 3. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Structure is involved in:<br />Television News Story Production<br />Shots editing<br />On-air<br />Newscast itself<br />
  4. 4. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Structure – single most important idea<br />Structure – most important concept for TV Journalists<br />
  5. 5. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Task of Journalism <br /> is also Explain & interpret <br />the importance & significance of <br />news events<br />
  6. 6. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />There are reasons why the actions of one person are more important than those of another<br />
  7. 7. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />These reasons are revealed by <br />Interviewing<br />Digging for facts <br />Taping Editing<br />Writing stories that probe the reasoning<br />
  8. 8. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />These elements are processed into news accounts and provide structure – <br />The “how” and the “why” of the news <br />As well as the “who”, “what”, “when”, and “where”. <br />If we left the “how” and “why” out of our reports, the audience would be less well informed. <br />
  9. 9. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />some of the ingredients that make up the structure of television news: <br />Showing and telling <br />The relationship between the people on the air and the viewers watching their television sets <br />Storytelling<br />Linear clarity<br />Visual structure.<br />
  10. 10. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Showing and Telling:<br />As local and network television news has expanded and all-news cable channel have developed, the common dialogue today is: <br />Did you hear about ….. ?<br />Yes, I saw it…….<br />
  11. 11. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Showing and Telling:<br />The important word here is saw. <br />By using it people seem to mean they either “saw” a newscaster telling them about it <br />or, because the technology makes it possible to bring pictures of a news event to people as it is happening <br />
  12. 12. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Showing and Telling:<br />it is also more and more likely that they really did “see” at least some of it. <br />Instant replay and other production techniques also make it possible for the audience to “see it” again and again<br />To analyze it in slow motion or frame by frame.<br />
  13. 13. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />Television news is more than just pictorial coverage. <br />
  14. 14. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />It “tells” the news with pictures in motion including <br />News sounds<br />Anchorpersons <br />Reporters<br />News makers. <br />
  15. 15. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />The link between the pictures and the words is crucial. <br />
  16. 16. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />At the basic level that wedding of the right words with right pictures is <br />at once the greatest potential strength and greatest potential weakness of television news. <br />
  17. 17. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />When that link is right the communication may be a whole new experience. <br />
  18. 18. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Pictures & Words:<br />When the pictures and words don’t work together <br />When the screen is showing one thing <br />And words are telling something else – “ cross-scripting” in the jargon of the craft – confusion. <br />
  19. 19. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />Now add in the second unique ingredient “Anchorpersons” <br />The fact that the audience is watching anchorpersons and reporters tell the news.<br />
  20. 20. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />When former NBC News President Reuven Frank said, “Television news is at its best when it provides an experience for the audience,” <br />
  21. 21. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />He seemed to be saying that television allows the audience to go along with the anchors and reporters to the scene of a news story, either with live coverage or visual coverage on film or tape, and be there with them as the action unfolds. <br />
  22. 22. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />Although anchorpersons are not supposed to become emotionally involved in the news they are telling the audience about, they are human <br />
  23. 23. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />The Anchor ingredient:<br />A personal dimension is worth closer<br />It is an integral part of the television news communication process <br />
  24. 24. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />Audience watch <br />The personality<br />The looks <br />The style of the anchorpersons <br />
  25. 25. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />strong evidence that <br />how they tell and show the news is also important.<br />
  26. 26. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The experts believe <br />what takes place is a dialogue between the anchors<br /> and reporters and the audience.<br />
  27. 27. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The telling and showing of that story on television would involve <br />Pictures – probably live pictures – from the scene of the crash <br />
  28. 28. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />Interviews with <br />Airline officials<br />Airport officials <br />Police<br />Firefighters<br />Rescue workers<br />Relatives of the victims<br />
  29. 29. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The station might develop some graphics to try to show the flight paths of the planes. <br />
  30. 30. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />It might even have eyewitness reports from the people, who had seen the crash.<br />
  31. 31. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The anchors and reporters telling the story <br />Contribute a lot more facts, <br />identify sources more precisely, <br />
  32. 32. Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />give a list of the names of the dead, <br />interview experts who might analyze how and perhaps why the crash occurred. <br />
  33. 33. End of Part – 1Thank you <br />
  34. 34. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The station would put together a package of information it hoped would be as complete and clear as possible<br />A package based on up-to-the-minute information. <br />
  35. 35. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />Regardless of the visual and word content of the story, <br />A dialogue between the reporters or anchors and the viewers. <br />Those viewers have tuned in asking to be shown and told about the events of the day. <br />
  36. 36. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />The news staff at the television station has chosen the plane crash as its lead story<br />Because of its importance, <br />judging it to be the most important story <br />
  37. 37. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Storytelling – A Dialogue with the Viewers:<br />Viewers count on the broadcast journalist to make that kind of selection – they expect the important news to come first.<br />
  38. 38. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Linear News:<br />A fourth structural consideration: Broadcast news is linear (step by step or Logical manner).<br />It took the industry a long time to realize this. Most experimentation developing what is called “broadcast news style” grew out of physical problems. <br />
  39. 39. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Linear News:<br />For those trying to read the conventional wire service reports on the air, breathing space was lacking. <br />
  40. 40. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Linear News:<br />Delivering the long sentences and convoluted paragraphs without taking a breath led to oxygen deprivation. <br />
  41. 41. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Linear News:<br />The wire services, <br />Particularly Reuters, APTN & United Press International,<br />came up with “broadcast wires” <br />in which the writing was simpler <br /> short sentences <br />conversational words. <br />
  42. 42. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Viewers get the news <br />In a flow of information that is constantly moving forward<br />The first story is immediately followed by the second, and so on through entire newscast. <br />
  43. 43. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />A viewer cannot stop the flow, <br />To go back and pick up missed points <br />The way a newspaper reader can stop and return to an earlier element or slow down to ponder a confusing paragraph. <br />
  44. 44. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />The viewer cannot speed ahead, or skin<br />cannot slow down newscaster, if she or he is talking too fast.<br />
  45. 45. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />The structure of Television News contain:<br />The beginning – the Lead<br />The middle – the development of facts and details<br />The end – the conclusion<br />
  46. 46. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />It is natural to finish all the parts of Story Element A before moving on to Story Element B.<br />
  47. 47. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Logical progress is needed – both aural and visual facts<br />
  48. 48. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />The audience quickly becomes confused and irritated if we jump back and forth from one element to another in the narration or visual segment. <br />
  49. 49. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Keep subjects and verbs close together<br />Avoid too many dependent clauses<br />
  50. 50. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Make sure the referents of pronouns are clear <br />The audience can’t stop and go back to puzzle it out.<br />
  51. 51. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Television news producers spend a large amount of time figuring out where to place stories and how to group stories in the news.<br />
  52. 52. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Three Points keep clear in mind regarding preparation of News Bulletin <br />logical arrangement<br />A logical progression<br />Forward movement <br />
  53. 53. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />The producer wants to maintain the highest level of interest and attention throughout the newscast. <br />
  54. 54. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Forward Motion:<br />Much time is spent determining what the lead story will be, <br />But perhaps as much time is also spent arranging the order of the rest of the items in the news program.<br />
  55. 55. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />One of the major element of the structure of television news concerns the linear nature of the way the audience receives the news pictures themselves. <br />
  56. 56. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />The scenes of the news event must move forward in an orderly fashion, or randomness will defeat clear communication.<br />
  57. 57. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />Visual continuity in television news is everyone’s responsibility. <br />
  58. 58. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />The videographer and reporter covering a story must be aware that unless they provide the elements for visual continuity in the raw videotape.<br />
  59. 59. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Structure:<br />Compression is essential with both words and pictures <br />
  60. 60. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Continuity<br />The key element of visual structure is visual continuity. <br />
  61. 61. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Continuity<br />Visual continuity compresses the action of a story into a smoothly flowing whole. <br />
  62. 62. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Continuity<br />The word continuity means uninterrupted connection, succession, union, or duration over time. <br />
  63. 63. Structure of TV News: “Storytelling”<br />Visual Continuity<br />The key element of visual structure is visual continuity. <br />Visual continuity compresses the action of a story into a smoothly flowing whole. <br />The word continuity means uninterrupted connection, succession, union, or duration over time. <br />
  64. 64. Thank You<br />
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