How do we examine how music is used to transmit culture?
Why is classical music considered high culture and popular music as low culture?
How are ideas communicated through music – in the lyrics, the genre of music?
How do music videos help this process?
How does popular music help us to acquire identity?
Looking at the history of popular music will help us to see how music became separated into popular and classical, what social trends are associated with which musical styles and how young people and fashion became involved.
History Before the nineteenth century, folk music was most common musical form for all classes of people, with the exception of religious music. After that folk tradition declined as people moved from the countryside to the cities Music making still popular at home – also brass bands and music hall Regional music began to disappear as London became centre of musical activity
Influence of America 1920s Traditional jazz and ragtime music arrived from USA Dances accompanied this music played at British hotels and restaurants as well as broadcast by the BBC
Small independent record companies began to spring up.
Supported music that commercial mainstream would not
As punk declined reggae music grew – expressed symbolic challenge to politics of Conservative government and right wing racism Several mixed race bands grew up in early 1980s – The Specials, UB40, The Beat, Selecter. Expressed left wing ideas.