Photographic composition


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Photographic composition

  1. 1. Photographic composition
  2. 2. • "There are no rules for good photographs, there are only good photographs." - Ansel Adams
  3. 3. • Good composition is essential in photography. It allows you to convey messages and emotions • Instead of looking at composition as a set of ‘rules’ to follow – view it as a set of ingredients that can be taken out of the pantry at any point and used to make a great ‘meal’ (photograph).
  4. 4. • Careful framing of your subject can make a dramatic difference in your photos. • Remember — every photo has a foreground and background, so use them together to add an interesting element to the shot. • Use foreground elements to frame your photo's subject Framing
  5. 5. • Some of the most interesting photographs are those taken from a unique angle. • Get down to the level of the flowers before taking the picture. Climb a tree to take a picture of a meadow. • Ask yourself if the photo would look better taken as a landscape or portrait • Experiment and try different perspectives. • Look for angles that are interesting and demonstrate the mood and inspiration you're trying to capture Angle
  6. 6. • To capture the essence of what you experience when viewing a scene, it helps to add an element to your photo to convey this perspective. In the following picture, the bow of the boat helps to add an interesting perspective to the vastness of the scene Perspective
  7. 7. • Depending upon the scene – symmetry can be something to go for – or to avoid completely. • A symmetrical shot with strong composition and a good point of interest can lead to a striking image – but without the strong point of interest it can be a little predictable. • Experiment with both in the one shoot to see which works best. Symmetry
  8. 8. • The positioning with elements in a frame can leave an image feeling balanced or unbalanced. • Too many points of interest in one section of your image can leave it feeling too ‘heavy’ or complicated in that section of the shot and other parts feeling ‘empty’. Balance
  9. 9. • There can be a fine line between filling your frame with your subject (and creating a nice sense of intimacy and connection) and also giving your subject space to breath. • Either technique can be effective – so experiment with moving in close and personal and moving out to capture a subject in its context. • Sometimes it is what you leave out of an image that makes it special Space
  10. 10. • The colours in an image and how they are arranged can make or break a shot. • Bright colours can add vibrancy, energy and interest – however in the wrong position they can also distract viewers of an image away from focal points. • Colours also greatly impact ‘mood’. Blues and Greens can have a calming soothing impact, Reds and Yellows can convey vibrancy ad energy Colour