Marxism In More Depth
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Marxism In More Depth

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    Marxism In More Depth Marxism In More Depth Presentation Transcript

    • Marxism in more depth
    • Today we will cover
      • False consciousness
      • Commodity fetishism
      • Ideological state apparatus
      • Base superstructures
    • What we know already…
      • Dominant classes create dominant ideology
      • This is then seen by lower classes as natural
      • Lower classes cant better themselves
      • State & media spread this ideology
      • Marxism is an ideology
      • The means of production help keep this ideology in place
      • Class consciousness as ideological factor
    • False Consciousness
      • Class consciousness should lead to revolution – why didn’t it?
      • Did the proletariat not get what was happening?
      • Do working class today not understand the world they live in?
      • Do we suffer a false consciousness?
    • Fredrich Engels & False Consciousness
      • Remember dominant ideology – is it in place today?
      • Capitalism misleads people – we don’t understand how it works with regards to power, class and ideology
      • We accept the status quo
      • Ideology legitimises things in favour of ruling classes
      • We are unaware of exploitation – ideology as feature of consciousness
    • Commodity Fetishism as an example
      • Commodities are inherently valuable NOT valued through associated labour
      • Human labour becomes a commodity which is swappable for others
      • Links to free market and supply and demand
      • Commodities then have equal or more power than people
    • Base-superstructure
      • Basic needs of society determine its secondary needs
      • I.e. Capitalism needs industry, economy etc so ideology and political and education etc exist because of and for capitalism
      • Why would we favour the base-superstructure over secondary ones?
    • Ideological State Apparatus
      • Louis Althusser had slightly different ideas which rejected rule via economics & saw ideology itself as shaping consciousness
      • Class rule is sustained by 2 types of power
      • Repressive state apparatus (army, police, law courts etc)
      • Ideological state apparatus (education, church, family, media)
      • ISA’s holds power at ideological level
      • How?
      • Produces imaginary relationships to power structures
      • Naturalises assumptions and ideas
      • Althuser says ideology ‘hails us’ – it creates us as subjects. We are the effect of ISA’s but makes us think we have power over them
    • But
      • If living a false consciousness, would we ever really know?
      • If ideology is mix of shared set of beliefs and focus repression, how can we separate and create true consciousness?
      • Is labour value always equal to commodity value? Does everyone operate in that system nowadays?
    • Activity
      • Pick a modern media institution (fox, Viacom, Time Warner etc)
      • Research the types of content they produce
      • Do they exist as an ISA, that is do they exist to perpetuate the ideological injustices?
      • How are oppositional voices represented?
      • Provide mini case study on your blogs
      • Try to think about everything we learnt today
      • We can continue for the first 30 mins of next class